CN108378250A - A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian - Google Patents

A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108378250A
CN108378250A CN201810140320.5A CN201810140320A CN108378250A CN 108378250 A CN108378250 A CN 108378250A CN 201810140320 A CN201810140320 A CN 201810140320A CN 108378250 A CN108378250 A CN 108378250A
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parts
vitamin
crucian
wheat
raw
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李达耀
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Pingnan County Zhengda Farming Cooperatives
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Pingnan County Zhengda Farming Cooperatives
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/142Amino acids; Derivatives thereof
    • A23K20/147Polymeric derivatives, e.g. peptides or proteins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/168Steroids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/22Compounds of alkali metals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/26Compounds containing phosphorus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, the field of fodder of aquaculture of aquatic animal.Including following raw material:0.5 3.5 parts of 10 20 parts of the vegetable seed dregs of fat, 20 30 parts of wheat-middlings, 10 20 parts of wheat bran, 5 15 parts of dregs of beans, 15 parts of pumpkin, 10 20 parts of zein, 10 15 parts of fish meal, 0.5 2.5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 10 20 parts of folium cortex eucommiae, 0.3 0.5 parts of bile acid, 15 parts of salt and phagostimulant.Chinese herbal medicine is combined with modern science and technology, crucian can be promoted to grow and improve crucian immune function.

Description

A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian
Technical field
The present invention relates to the field of fodder of aquaculture of aquatic animal, especially a kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian.
Background technology
Crucian is mainly to be liked cluster with the omnivorefish that plant is food and gone, selected food and occupied.Fine and tender taste, nutritive value It is very high, per hectogram meat containing 13 grams of protein, 11 grams of fat, and contain the minerals such as a large amount of calcium, phosphorus, iron.Crucian medical value High, flat property and sweet taste enters stomach, kidney, has with middle qi-restoratives, except the effect of thin, warm stomach is fed, bowl spares is angry.Crucian distribution is wide General, all over the country territorial waters have production throughout the year, the most fertile with the crucian in 2~April and 8~December, are the important food in China With one of fish.Largest body is about 30 centimetres, and it is 0~20 meter to inhabit depth, and nontoxic, economical edible fishes are quality-high and inexpensive.
The alimentary canal of crucian is shorter, and intestine evacuation velocity is fast, and fat also has little time fully to be digested and assimilated just to be excreted;It raises Albumen, fat content are high in material, easily induce liver fat accumulation, destroy liver function, interfere Physiological and Biochemical Metabolism, cause fat The generation of liver;To promote crucian fast-growth, the various antibiotic of artificial lavishment, hormone etc., cause crucian digestive function burden plus Play, enteron aisle and liver incidence are substantially increased, and are caused crucian disease and are frequently occurred, especially hepatic disease is serious;Cultivation density Excessive, water body environment is severe, when the ammonia nitrogen concentration in water body is excessively high, in crucian body the metabolite of ammonia be difficult to normally be discharged and It accumulates among blood, metabolic imbalance is caused to cause disease in the liver and gallbladder;The raw materials such as more miscellaneous dregs of rice, cotton are often added in crucian carp feed The poisonous and harmful substances such as the giucosinolate in free gossypol, rapeseed meal in the dregs of rice, the nitrite in fish meal inferior can all cause Liver and gall class disease.
Chinese herbal medicine is the national treasure in China, of long standing and well established, oneself has thousands of years applicating histories.It is derived from food, is taken from certainly The animals and plants on right boundary and mineral etc., maintain its natural structure and bioactivity, are the most acceptive pure natural substances of animal, make There is unique advantage for feed addictive, be pure natural fodder additive;Type is various, vdiverse in function;Use scope is wide, imitates Fruit is good, at low cost;It has no drug resistance, noresidue, it is without side-effects, free from environmental pollution, do not cause drug induced disease.In recent years, medium-height grass Medicine preparation has been widely used in aquaculture of aquatic animal, in tachyauxesis, is improved production performance and is enhanced be immunized etc., Reach preferable effect.
Invention content
The goal of the invention of the present invention is, in view of the above-mentioned problems, in a kind of promotion crucian growth of offer and strengthen immunity Herbal medicine feed is combined Chinese herbal medicine with modern science and technology, crucian can be promoted to grow and improve crucian immune function.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, feature It is:Including following raw material:5-20 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 16-30 parts of wheat bran, 15-30 parts of rice bran, corn protein powder 10-15 Part, 15-25 parts of wheat-middlings, 20-30 parts of Strong flour, 25-35 parts of rapeseed meal, 10-20 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 5-10 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 1-3 parts of salt, 0.5-1.5 parts of vitamin D, -2 parts of vitamin e1,0.5-1.5 parts of vitamin C, 0.5-0.8 parts of bile acid and in 1-3 parts of Chinese herbal medicine additive agent, wherein the Chinese herb feed additive includes 5-15 parts of following raw material purslane and folium cortex eucommiae 20-40 parts.
Further, including following raw material:5 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 16 parts of wheat bran, 15 parts of rice bran, corn protein powder 10 Part, 15 parts of wheat-middlings, 20 parts of Strong flour, 25-35 parts of rapeseed meal, 10 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 part of salt, dimension life 1 part of D0.5 parts plain, vitamin e1 part, 0.5 part of vitamin C, 0.5-0.8 parts of bile acid and Chinese herb feed additive, wherein in described Chinese herbal medicine additive agent includes 20 parts of 5 parts of following raw material purslane and folium cortex eucommiae.
Further, including following raw material:20 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 30 parts of wheat bran, 30 parts of rice bran, corn protein powder 15 Part, 25 parts of wheat-middlings, 30 parts of Strong flour, 35 parts of rapeseed meal, 20 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 10 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 3 parts of salt, vitamin 3 parts of D1.5 parts, vitamin E2 part, 1.5 parts of vitamin C, 0.8 part of bile acid and Chinese herb feed additive, wherein the Chinese herbal medicine adds It includes 40 parts of 15 parts of purslane and folium cortex eucommiae to add the following parts by weight of agent.
Further, including following raw material:15 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 22 parts of wheat bran, 23 parts of rice bran, corn protein powder 12 Part, 20 parts of wheat-middlings, 25 parts of Strong flour, 30 parts of rapeseed meal, 15 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 8 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 2 parts of salt, vitamine D1 Part .5 parts of vitamin e1,1 part of vitamin C, 0.65 part of bile acid and 2 parts of Chinese herb feed additive, wherein the Chinese herbal medicine addition Agent includes 30 parts of 10 parts of following parts by weight purslane and folium cortex eucommiae.
Further, production method includes following steps:
Step S1, by the seed dregs of rice, wheat bran, rice bran, corn protein powder, wheat-middlings, Strong flour, rapeseed meal, Sweet Potato Leaf powder, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen calcium, purslane and folium cortex eucommiae smash it through 40-50 mesh sieve, the mixed raw material after being crushed with pulverizer respectively;
The powder obtained in vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C, bile acid and step S1 is put into and is stirred by step S2 together Mixer is mixed, mixing speed is 40 turns/min;
Step S3, the raw material after being sufficiently mixed what is obtained in step S2 are sent into drier and are dried, the drier Temperature be set as 120 DEG C, drying time is 20 minutes, obtains being sent into after dry product comminutor and obtains particle, after packaging As finished product feedstuff.
Further, a diameter of 1.5mm-5mm of pellet described in step S3.
Due to the adoption of the above technical scheme, the invention has the advantages that:
1. the present invention promotes Fat Digestibility of Crucian Carp, improves crucian to grease, fat-soluble dimension life by adding bile acid The utilization rate of element etc. makes grease preferably form chylomicron in enteron aisle, reduces feed coefficient;Promote crucian extra-low density fat The synthesis of albumen (VLDL) accelerates fat, to the transport of adipose tissue, to prevent crucian fatty liver and liver and gall syndrome, tool from liver There is good anti-liver injury and repair hepatic injury, effectively controls the death rate;Improve superoxide dismutase in crucian body (SOD), the activity of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase removes crucian interior free yl, and it is anti-to improve crucian Stress ability reduces the death rate in enhancing seine and transportational process.
It is a kind of natural Chinese medicinal herb 2. the present invention is by adding folium cortex eucommiae, there are chlorogenic acid, eucommia bark polycoses in folium cortex eucommiae And eucommia bark flavone;It is the hydroperoxyl radical with antioxidation to be formed, because it contains a certain amount of R-OH bases to eliminate hydroxyl The activity of the free radicals such as base free radical and superoxide anion;To various bacteria, virus caused by hemorrhage, septicaemia, fin rot, Enteritis disease, vibriosis have great control effect;Also muscle protein content can be improved, reduce fat content, improve meat, improve Cook flavor.
3.. the present invention is added with purslane, and purslane contains two abundant oxyethylamines, malic acid, glucose, calcium, phosphorus, iron And the nutriments such as vitamin E, carrotene, vitamin B, vitamin C;Purslane nutritionally there are one prominent feature, Its 3 content of fatty acid of ω-is high, and 3 aliphatic acid of ω-can inhibit crucian to reduce serum cholesterol concentration to the absorption of the solid acid of courage, Improve vessel wall elasticity, prevents crucian fatty liver and liver and gall syndrome.
4. being added to vitamin in the present invention, the mouthfeel of feed can be improved, the palatability of feed is improved, improves crucian carp Intake of the fish for feed;Vitamin is crucian nutrient elements required for the growth, can improve the speed of growth of crucian;This Invention preparation method is simple to operation, is suitble to promote the use of.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1
A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, including following raw material:5 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 16 parts of wheat bran, rice bran 15 Part, 10 parts of corn protein powder, 15 parts of wheat-middlings, 20 parts of Strong flour, 25-35 parts of rapeseed meal, 10 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 5 Part, 1 part of salt, 0.5 part of vitamin D, vitamin e1 part, 0.5 part of vitamin C, 0.5-0.8 parts of bile acid and Chinese herb feed additive 1 part, wherein the Chinese herb feed additive includes 20 parts of 5 parts of purslane and folium cortex eucommiae.
The disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed production method of crucian includes following steps:
Step S1, by the seed dregs of rice, wheat bran, rice bran, corn protein powder, wheat-middlings, Strong flour, rapeseed meal, Sweet Potato Leaf powder, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen calcium, purslane and folium cortex eucommiae smash it through 40 mesh sieve, the mixed raw material after being crushed with pulverizer respectively;
Step S2, together by the powder obtained in 0.5 part of vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C, bile acid and step S1 Mixer is put into, mixing speed is 40 turns/min.
Step S3, the raw material after being sufficiently mixed what is obtained in step S2 are sent into drier and are dried, the drier Temperature be set as 120 DEG C, drying time is 20 minutes, obtains being sent into after dry product comminutor and obtains particle, after packaging As finished product feedstuff, a diameter of 1.5mm of pellet.
Embodiment 2
A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, including following raw material:20 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 30 parts of wheat bran, rice bran 30 Part, 15 parts of corn protein powder, 25 parts of wheat-middlings, 30 parts of Strong flour, 35 parts of rapeseed meal, 20 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 10 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 3 parts of 3 parts of salt .5 parts of vitamine D1, vitamin E2 part, 1.5 parts of vitamin C, 0.8 part of bile acid and Chinese herb feed additive, In, the Chinese herb feed additive includes 40 parts of 15 parts of following raw material purslane and folium cortex eucommiae.
The disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed production method of crucian includes following steps:
Step S1, by the seed dregs of rice, wheat bran, rice bran, corn protein powder, wheat-middlings, Strong flour, rapeseed meal, Sweet Potato Leaf powder, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen calcium, purslane and folium cortex eucommiae smash it through 50 mesh sieve, the mixed raw material after being crushed with pulverizer respectively;
The powder obtained in vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C, bile acid and step S1 is put into and is stirred by step S2 together Mixer is mixed, mixing speed is 40 turns/min.
Step S3, the raw material after being sufficiently mixed what is obtained in step S2 are sent into drier and are dried, the drier Temperature be set as 120 DEG C, drying time is 20 minutes, obtains being sent into after dry product comminutor and obtains particle, after packaging As finished product feedstuff, a diameter of 5mm of pellet.
Embodiment 3
A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, including following raw material:15 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 22 parts of wheat bran, rice bran 23 Part, 12 parts of corn protein powder, 20 parts of wheat-middlings, 25 parts of Strong flour, 30 parts of rapeseed meal, 15 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 8 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 2 parts of 2 parts of salt, vitamine D1 part .5 parts of vitamin e1,1 part of vitamin C, 0.65 part of bile acid and Chinese herb feed additive, In, the Chinese herb feed additive includes 30 parts of 10 parts of following raw material purslane and folium cortex eucommiae.
The disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed production method of crucian includes following steps:
Step S1, by the seed dregs of rice, wheat bran, rice bran, corn protein powder, wheat-middlings, Strong flour, rapeseed meal, Sweet Potato Leaf powder, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen calcium, purslane and folium cortex eucommiae smash it through 45 mesh sieve, the mixed raw material after being crushed with pulverizer respectively;
The powder obtained in vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C, bile acid and step S1 is put into and is stirred by step S2 together Mixer is mixed, mixing speed is 40 turns/min.
Step S3, the raw material after being sufficiently mixed what is obtained in step S2 are sent into drier and are dried, the drier Temperature be set as 120 DEG C, drying time is 20 minutes, obtains being sent into after dry product comminutor and obtains particle, after packaging As finished product feedstuff, a diameter of 3.5mm of pellet.
Comparative example 1
A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, including following raw material:5 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 16 parts of wheat bran, rice bran 15 Part, 10 parts of corn protein powder, 15 parts of wheat-middlings, 20 parts of Strong flour, 25-35 parts of rapeseed meal, 10 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 5 Part, 1 part of salt, 0.5-0.8 parts of bile acid and 1 part of Chinese herb feed additive, wherein the Chinese herb feed additive includes following weight 20 parts of 5 parts of part raw material purslane and folium cortex eucommiae.
The disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed production method of crucian includes following steps:
Step S1, by the seed dregs of rice, wheat bran, rice bran, corn protein powder, wheat-middlings, Strong flour, rapeseed meal, Sweet Potato Leaf powder, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen calcium, purslane and folium cortex eucommiae smash it through 40 mesh sieve, the mixed raw material after being crushed with pulverizer respectively;
The powder obtained in bile acid and step S1 is put into mixer by step S2 together, and mixing speed is 40 turns/ min。
Step S3, the raw material after being sufficiently mixed what is obtained in step S2 are sent into drier and are dried, the drier Temperature be set as 120 DEG C, drying time is 20 minutes, obtains being sent into after dry product comminutor and obtains particle, after packaging As finished product feedstuff, a diameter of 1.5mm of pellet.
Comparative example 2
A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, including following raw material:20 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 30 parts of wheat bran, rice bran 30 Part, 15 parts of corn protein powder, 25 parts of wheat-middlings, 30 parts of Strong flour, 35 parts of rapeseed meal, 20 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 10 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 3 parts of 3 parts of salt .5 parts of vitamine D1, vitamin E2 part, 1.5 parts of vitamin C and Chinese herb feed additive, wherein the Chinese herbal medicine Additive includes 40 parts of 15 parts of following raw material purslane and folium cortex eucommiae.
The disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed production method of crucian includes following steps:
Step S1, by the seed dregs of rice, wheat bran, rice bran, corn protein powder, wheat-middlings, Strong flour, rapeseed meal, Sweet Potato Leaf powder, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen calcium, purslane and folium cortex eucommiae smash it through 50 mesh sieve, the mixed raw material after being crushed with pulverizer respectively;
The powder obtained in vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C and step S1 is put into and is stirred by step S2 together Device, mixing speed are 40 turns/min.
Step S3, the raw material after being sufficiently mixed what is obtained in step S2 are sent into drier and are dried, the drier Temperature be set as 120 DEG C, drying time is 20 minutes, obtains being sent into after dry product comminutor and obtains particle, after packaging As finished product feedstuff, a diameter of 5mm of pellet.
Comparative example 3
A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, including following raw material:15 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 22 parts of wheat bran, rice bran 23 Part, 12 parts of corn protein powder, 20 parts of wheat-middlings, 25 parts of Strong flour, 30 parts of rapeseed meal, 15 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 8 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 2 parts of salt, vitamine D1 part .5 parts of vitamin e1,1 part of vitamin C, 0.65 part of bile acid.
The disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed production method of crucian includes following steps:
Step S1, by the seed dregs of rice, wheat bran, rice bran, corn protein powder, wheat-middlings, Strong flour, rapeseed meal, Sweet Potato Leaf powder and phosphoric acid Calcium dihydrogen smashes it through 45 mesh sieve, the mixed raw material after being crushed with pulverizer respectively;
The powder obtained in vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C, bile acid and step S1 is put into and is stirred by step S2 together Mixer is mixed, mixing speed is 40 turns/min.
Step S3, the raw material after being sufficiently mixed what is obtained in step S2 are sent into drier and are dried, the drier Temperature be set as 120 DEG C, drying time is 20 minutes, obtains being sent into after dry product comminutor and obtains particle, after packaging As finished product feedstuff, a diameter of 3.5mm of pellet.
Experimental Comparison
Test method:
Experiment uses same batch crucian, is divided into 7 groups every group 100 tail fries, is respectively put into 7 pond cultivation and by 1-7 Serial number layout cultivates 30 days;It is all identical to cultivate crucian remaining breeding process method condition in addition to feeding feed is different;7 groups of crucian carps Fish uses embodiment 1-3, comparative example 1-3 and common market crucian carp feed to feed respectively.Daily 8:00 and 17:00 respectively feeds a light China, what observation fed rear 30 minutes feeds is consumed situation.
Test testing index and computational methods:
Daily gain (%)=((net gain ÷ starting weights)/(n-1)) × 100% (n=cultivates number of days);
Feed efficiency (%)=total food ration × 100% of total augment weight ÷;
Survival rate (%)=(initial mantissa-death mantissa)/initial mantissa × 100%;
Illness rate (%)=illness mantissa/(initial mantissa-death mantissa) × 100%
Test result see the table below:
The results show that in group 1 and group 4, difference lies in organize in 4 feeds without vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C composition, group 4 survival rates, feed efficiency, Daily gain and 30min surpluses are inferior to group 1;In group 1 and group 5, difference lies in courages in 5 feeds of group Juice acid composition, 5 survival rates of group, feed efficiency, Daily gain, illness rate and 30min surpluses are inferior to group 1, and crucian mainly suffers from Disease class is fatty liver;In group 1 and group 6, difference lies in 6 feeds of group without Chinese herb feed additive, 6 survival rates of group, feed efficiency, Daily gain, illness rate and 30min surpluses are inferior to group 1, and the main illness type of crucian infects for Mycophyta;In group 1 and group 7, It is conventional feed difference lies in 7 feeds of group, 7 survival rates of group, feed efficiency, Daily gain, illness rate and 30min surpluses are inferior to Group 1- groups 6, crucian illness type mixes shape, a variety of diseases;To sum up obtain following result:
The results show that the indexs such as crucian survival rate, feed efficiency and Daily gain of 1-3 forage feeds of the embodiment of the present invention Be better than feed comparative example 1-3 feeds, normal diet raising crucian;
Survival rate:Under this experimental condition, the survival rate of product of the present invention is higher than conventional compound feed used for fish, shows this hair Bright nutrition is comprehensive, enhances the immunity of crucian, improves adaptability of the crucian to environment;
Growth result:Under this experimental condition, the crucian Daily gain of product of the present invention is fed higher than feeding conventional fish;With The test fish Daily gain of mixed feed shows that the present invention can guarantee the fast-growth of crucian;
It ingests situation:Crucian can ingest product of the present invention, and speed well, substantially ingest in 30 minutes Finish, illustrates that the present invention is adapted to the feeding habits of crucian;
Health condition:Under this experimental conditions, the crucian illness rate of feed of the invention cultivation is 0, and healthy growth shows this Invention can have stronger control effect to crucian common disease.
Economic benefit:The survival rate that crucian feeds the present invention is higher than the survival rate for feeding conventional compound feed used for fish, and increases Weight cost, which will be less than, feeds conventional compound feed used for fish group, so the cost for cultivating crucian with the present invention wants low.
Above description is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, it is all the present invention suggested by technical spirit under completed same changes or modifications change, should all belong to In the covered the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian, it is characterised in that:Including following raw material:5-20 parts of Cottonseed Meal, wheat bran 16-30 parts, 15-30 parts of rice bran, 10-15 parts of corn protein powder, 15-25 parts of wheat-middlings, 20-30 parts of Strong flour, rapeseed meal 25-35 Part, 10-20 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 5-10 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 1-3 parts of salt, 0.5-1.5 parts of vitamin D, -2 parts of vitamin e1, 1-3 parts of 0.5-1.5 parts of vitamin C, 0.5-0.8 parts of bile acid and Chinese herb feed additive, wherein the Chinese herb feed additive includes 20-40 parts of 5-15 parts of following raw material purslane and folium cortex eucommiae.
2. the disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of a kind of crucian according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Including following parts by weight original Material:5 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 16 parts of wheat bran, 15 parts of rice bran, 10 parts of corn protein powder, 15 parts of wheat-middlings, 20 parts of Strong flour, rapeseed meal 25-35 Part, 10 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 5 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 1 part of salt, 0.5 part of vitamin D, vitamin e1 part, 0.5 part of vitamin C, courage 1 part of 0.5-0.8 parts of juice acid and Chinese herb feed additive, wherein the Chinese herb feed additive includes following raw material purslane 5 20 parts of part and folium cortex eucommiae.
3. the disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of a kind of crucian according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Including following parts by weight original Material:20 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 30 parts of wheat bran, 30 parts of rice bran, 15 parts of corn protein powder, 25 parts of wheat-middlings, 30 parts of Strong flour, rapeseed meal 35 Part, 20 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 10 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 3 parts of salt .5 parts of vitamine D1, vitamin E2 part, 1.5 parts of vitamin C, 3 parts of 0.8 part of bile acid and Chinese herb feed additive, wherein the Chinese herb feed additive includes following raw material purslane 15 40 parts of part and folium cortex eucommiae.
4. the disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of a kind of crucian according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Including following parts by weight original Material:15 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 22 parts of wheat bran, 23 parts of rice bran, 12 parts of corn protein powder, 20 parts of wheat-middlings, 25 parts of Strong flour, rapeseed meal 30 Part, 15 parts of Sweet Potato Leaf powder, 8 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 2 parts of salt, vitamine D1 part .5 parts of vitamin e1,1 part of vitamin C, bile Acid 0.65 part and 2 parts of Chinese herb feed additive, wherein the Chinese herb feed additive include 10 parts of following raw material purslane and 30 parts of folium cortex eucommiae.
5. the disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of a kind of crucian according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Production method includes following several A step:
Step S1, by the seed dregs of rice, wheat bran, rice bran, corn protein powder, wheat-middlings, Strong flour, rapeseed meal, Sweet Potato Leaf powder, biphosphate Calcium, purslane and folium cortex eucommiae smash it through 40-50 mesh sieve, the mixed raw material after being crushed with pulverizer respectively;
It is mixed to be put into stirring by step S2 together for the powder obtained in vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C, bile acid and step S1 Clutch, mixing speed are 40 turns/min;
Step S3, the raw material after being sufficiently mixed what is obtained in step S2 are sent into drier and are dried, the temperature of the drier Degree is set as 120 DEG C, and drying time is 20 minutes, and feeding comminutor obtains particle after obtaining dry product, is after packaging Finished product feedstuff.
6. the disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of a kind of crucian according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Particle described in step S3 is raised Expect a diameter of 1.5mm-5mm.
CN201810140320.5A 2018-02-11 2018-02-11 A kind of disease-resistant Chinese herbal feed of crucian Pending CN108378250A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102450514A (en) * 2010-12-06 2012-05-16 山东六和集团有限公司 Compound crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103461714A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Feed for grass carp fry and preparation method thereof
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103549211A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-05 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Multifunctional Chinese herbal medicine feed for crucian and preparation method thereof
CN106212880A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-14 宋晓燕 A kind of crucian carp feed containing Chinese herbal medicine immunopotentiator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102450514A (en) * 2010-12-06 2012-05-16 山东六和集团有限公司 Compound crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103461714A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Feed for grass carp fry and preparation method thereof
CN103461718A (en) * 2013-09-27 2013-12-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103549211A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-05 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Multifunctional Chinese herbal medicine feed for crucian and preparation method thereof
CN106212880A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-14 宋晓燕 A kind of crucian carp feed containing Chinese herbal medicine immunopotentiator

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