CN108371013A - A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis - Google Patents

A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108371013A
CN108371013A CN201610980319.4A CN201610980319A CN108371013A CN 108371013 A CN108371013 A CN 108371013A CN 201610980319 A CN201610980319 A CN 201610980319A CN 108371013 A CN108371013 A CN 108371013A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
root tuber
radix aconiti
liquid
aconiti agrestis
root
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610980319.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘学建
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lijiang Common People Biological Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Lijiang Common People Biological Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lijiang Common People Biological Development Co Ltd filed Critical Lijiang Common People Biological Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610980319.4A priority Critical patent/CN108371013A/en
Publication of CN108371013A publication Critical patent/CN108371013A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis, including selection of land, site preparation, seedling selection and processing, sowing, field management, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, picking, these processes, pass through the implantation methods of science, improve the yield and quality of radix aconiti agrestis, and then economic benefit is improved, while also ensureing that using for radix aconiti agrestis is worth.

Description

A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis
Technical field
The present invention relates to medicinal material planting technology field, more particularly to a kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis.
Background technology
Radix aconiti agrestis (Aconitum vilmorimianum kom.) is Ranunculaceae (Ranunculaceae) aconitum plant, Yunnan Central Yunnan is distributed, and yellow grass crow is accredited as through Kunming Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences.Yellow grass crow is suitable in Gao Hai The ambient growth pulled out, is a kind of common traditional herbal medicine in Yunnan, has apparent control effect to a variety of diseases of human body.Radix aconiti agrestis block Contain 2 kinds of crystallization alkaloids in root:Radix aconiti agrestis alkali first, radix aconiti agrestis alkali second and some Alkaloids, pharmacological action mainly have analgesia, The effects that calmness, local anaesthesia, anti-inflammatory is a variety of Chinese patent drugs such as Yunnan famous " cure-all ", " brave power dissipate " and " Sanwu glue " One of primary raw material.For a long time, always based on wild excavation, wild resource is endangered for radix aconiti agrestis medication, sternly It is threatened again using radix aconiti agrestis as the sustainable development of the medical industry of raw material.
In recent years, with the increase of demand, the yield for improving radix aconiti agrestis, people is needed to start to test artificial growth radix aconiti agrestis Method, since introduces a collection mixes, planting environment difference is big, causes the yield of artificial growth radix aconiti agrestis not high, and product quality is irregular, Influence radix aconiti agrestis uses safety.
It is therefore desirable to design a kind of new radix aconiti agrestis implantation methods, to solve these problems.
Invention content
A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis proposed by the present invention, improve the yield and quality of radix aconiti agrestis, ensure The pharmaceutical safety of radix aconiti agrestis.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is using the basic ideas of technical solution:A kind of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis Root tuber implantation methods, include the following steps:
1) selection of land:The high cold district of 2000-3000 meters of height above sea level is selected, selects the gradient in 10-20 ° of hills location, soil Fertile, neutral or subacidity that earth is moist, soil layer is deep, the soil is porous, water source is convenient, plants to the gentle slope of illumination abundance;
2) site preparation:Deep plough 35-45cm, and deep ploughing while applies decomposed farm manure, according to 2000-3000kg per acre, And weeds are removed, and increase fertility, ploughs rake 2 times before sowing, and disposably base manure is used sufficient in conjunction with arable land, it will be big after being exposed to the sun 3-5 days The soil of block is smashed, and then does furrow, the ditch of 30-40cm is opened between two furrow;
3) seedling selection and processing:Robust growth, no disease and pests harm are selected, whole plantation of root tuber that weight is 5-10g, sowing It is preceding to impregnate the root tuber chosen 50% carbendazim, 200 times of liquid 5-10 minutes, it dries;
4) it sows:Annual 11-12 months are sowed, and the kind planting ditch of 8-10cm is dug out on furrow, will be spilt in kind of planting ditch One layer of fine earth is covered after one layer of composite fertilizer, then by the root tuber definite value dried in kind of planting ditch, then covers the soil of 5-8cm, The spacing in the rows of definite value is 10-15cm;
5) field management:
A, the built on furrow, checks primary, the root tuber that timely polishing does not germinate for every 7 days, clears up the weeds in ground, block in time After root germination grows up to seedling, when seedling there are 6-8 piece leaves, first time topdressing is carried out, urea is imposed;Plant strain growth is to 0.8- 1m, carries out second of top dressing when 15-20 days before blooming, apply composite fertilizer 25-35kg potash fertilizer 10-15kg, ammonium bicarbonate 60-70kg per acre, Impose on plant root;Plant occur starting when bud it is pinching, pinching length be 20-30cm, retain 25-30 blade, after pinching The axillary bud that grows of plant or axillary bud fruit extract in time;Soil moisture is maintained at 65%-70%, is replenished in time or drains, simultaneously Primary intertillage is monthly carried out to hoe up weeds;
6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:
Downy mildew:Seedling stage pulls out diseased plant and burns in time, and sick nest is filled the gaps with seedlings after being sterilized with lime stone, with 1:1:200 times of Bordeauxs Liquid sprays prevention, and 50% carbendazim of just falling ill, the more Mirs of 0.1% thunder of effective concentration, which are watered to pour, to apply, 25% auspicious mycin, effectively Concentration 0.1%, which is watered to pour, to be applied, and 50% thiophanate methyl effective concentration 0.2%, which is watered to pour to apply, to be prevented;
Powdery mildew:Early period is prevented with Bordeaux mixture, after the onset with 25% triadimefon or first support, by effective concentration 1.5- 2% sprays prevention;
Root rot:Connect root in time after the onset to dig up, 500 times of liquid of morbidity 600 liquid of sulphur more than 75% early period or 50% first support fill Root, the 1000 times of liquid spraying preventions of early stage 75% Bravo wettable powder, 600 times of liquid or 70% fenaminosulf;
Borer:Rural area is cleaned, field stubble, dead leaf are removed, weeds is rooted out and eliminates overwintering worm's ovum, with 50% DDVP breast 1000-1500 times of liquid of agent or per acre 2.5 metrifonate pulvis 1.5-2kg or 2.5% derris extract missible oil, 800 times of liquid;
Cutworm:It is sprayed with 2000 times of liquid of decis;
7) it harvests:In November next year-December, 70% or more field plant aerial part is harvested when withered, rectangular along furrow It is excavated to from both sides, shady place is positioned over after digging out, classified by root tuber weight.
Further, farm manure 2000-2500kg is applied per acre in the step 2;Base manure is potassium sulfate, applies 20- per acre 30kg。
Further, in the step 2, the width of furrow is 1.2-1.5m, high 15-20cm.
Further, according to type classification in the step 7, wherein more than 20g be it is high-quality, 10-20g be it is common, 10g with It is seed down.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis of the present invention, pass through science Implantation methods, improve the yield and quality of radix aconiti agrestis, and then improve economic benefit, while also ensureing that using for radix aconiti agrestis is worth.
Specific implementation mode
The specific implementation mode of the present invention is described further below.It should be noted that for these implementations The explanation of mode is used to help understand the present invention, but does not constitute limitation of the invention.In addition, invention described below Involved technical characteristic can be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other in each embodiment.
A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis, include the following steps:
1) selection of land:The high cold district of 2000-3000 meters of height above sea level is selected, selects the gradient in 10-20 ° of hills location, soil Fertile, neutral or subacidity that earth is moist, soil layer is deep, the soil is porous, water source is convenient, plants to the gentle slope of illumination abundance;
2) site preparation:Deep plough 35-45cm, and deep ploughing while applies decomposed farm manure, according to 2000-3000kg per acre, And weeds are removed, and increase fertility, ploughs rake 2 times before sowing, and disposably base manure is used sufficient in conjunction with arable land, it will be big after being exposed to the sun 3-5 days The soil of block is smashed, and then does furrow, the ditch of 30-40cm is opened between two furrow;
3) seedling selection and processing:Robust growth, no disease and pests harm are selected, whole plantation of root tuber that weight is 5-10g, sowing It is preceding to impregnate the root tuber chosen 50% carbendazim, 200 times of liquid 5-10 minutes, it dries;
4) it sows:Annual 11-12 months are sowed, and the kind planting ditch of 8-10cm is dug out on furrow, will be spilt in kind of planting ditch One layer of fine earth is covered after one layer of composite fertilizer, then by the root tuber definite value dried in kind of planting ditch, then covers the soil of 5-8cm, The spacing in the rows of definite value is 10-15cm;
5) field management:
A, the built on furrow, checks primary, the root tuber that timely polishing does not germinate for every 7 days, clears up the weeds in ground, block in time After root germination grows up to seedling, when seedling there are 6-8 piece leaves, first time topdressing is carried out, urea is imposed;Plant strain growth is to 0.8- 1m, carries out second of top dressing when 15-20 days before blooming, apply composite fertilizer 25-35kg potash fertilizer 10-15kg, ammonium bicarbonate 60-70kg per acre, Impose on plant root;Plant occur starting when bud it is pinching, pinching length be 20-30cm, retain 25-30 blade, after pinching The axillary bud that grows of plant or axillary bud fruit extract in time;Soil moisture is maintained at 65%-70%, is replenished in time or drains, simultaneously Primary intertillage is monthly carried out to hoe up weeds;
6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:
Downy mildew:Seedling stage pulls out diseased plant and burns in time, and sick nest is filled the gaps with seedlings after being sterilized with lime stone, with 1:1:200 times of Bordeauxs Liquid sprays prevention, and 50% carbendazim of just falling ill, the more Mirs of 0.1% thunder of effective concentration, which are watered to pour, to apply, 25% auspicious mycin, effectively Concentration 0.1%, which is watered to pour, to be applied, and 50% thiophanate methyl effective concentration 0.2%, which is watered to pour to apply, to be prevented;
Powdery mildew:Early period is prevented with Bordeaux mixture, after the onset with 25% triadimefon or first support, by effective concentration 1.5- 2% sprays prevention;
Root rot:Connect root in time after the onset to dig up, 500 times of liquid of morbidity 600 liquid of sulphur more than 75% early period or 50% first support fill Root, the 1000 times of liquid spraying preventions of early stage 75% Bravo wettable powder, 600 times of liquid or 70% fenaminosulf;
Borer:Rural area is cleaned, field stubble, dead leaf are removed, weeds is rooted out and eliminates overwintering worm's ovum, with 50% DDVP breast 1000-1500 times of liquid of agent or per acre 2.5 metrifonate pulvis 1.5-2kg or 2.5% derris extract missible oil, 800 times of liquid;
Cutworm:It is sprayed with 2000 times of liquid of decis;
7) it harvests:In November next year-December, 70% or more field plant aerial part is harvested when withered, rectangular along furrow It is excavated to from both sides, shady place is positioned over after digging out, classified by root tuber weight.
Farm manure 2000-2500kg is applied in step 2 per acre;Base manure is potassium sulfate, applies 20-30kg per acre.
In step 2, the width of furrow is 1.2-1.5m, high 15-20cm.
According to type classification in step 7, wherein being high-quality more than 20g, 10-20g is common, and 10g or less is seed.
By the implantation methods of science, the yield and quality of radix aconiti agrestis is improved, and then improves economic benefit, while also being protected That demonstrate,proves radix aconiti agrestis uses value.
Embodiments of the present invention are explained in detail above, but the present invention is not limited to described embodiments.It is right For those skilled in the art, in the case where not departing from the principle of the invention and spirit, these embodiments are carried out more Kind change, modification, replacement and modification, still fall in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
1) selection of land:The high cold district of 2000-3000 meters of height above sea level is selected, selects the gradient in 10-20 ° of hills location, soil tide Wet, soil layer is deep, the soil is porous fertile, neutral or subacidity, water source is convenient, plants to the gentle slope of illumination abundance;
2) site preparation:Deep plough 35-45cm, and deep ploughing while applies decomposed farm manure, according to 2000-3000kg per acre, and it is clear It cuts weeds, increases fertility, rake is being ploughed 2 times before sowing, and disposably base manure is used sufficient in conjunction with arable land, by bulk after being exposed to the sun 3-5 days Soil is smashed, and then does furrow, the ditch of 30-40cm is opened between two furrow;
3) seedling selection and processing:Robust growth, no disease and pests harm are selected, whole plantation of root tuber that weight is 5-10g will before sowing The root tuber chosen is impregnated 5-10 minutes with 50% carbendazim, 200 times of liquid, is dried;
4) it sows:Annual 11-12 months are sowed, and the kind planting ditch of 8-10cm is dug out on furrow, will spill one layer in kind of planting ditch One layer of fine earth is covered after composite fertilizer, then by the root tuber definite value dried in kind of planting ditch, then covers the soil of 5-8cm, definite value Spacing in the rows be 10-15cm;
5) field management:
A, the built on furrow, checks primary, the root tuber that timely polishing does not germinate for every 7 days, clears up the weeds in ground, root tuber hair in time After bud grows up to seedling, when seedling there are 6-8 piece leaves, first time topdressing is carried out, urea is imposed;Plant strain growth is opened to 0.8-1m Second of top dressing is carried out when 15-20 days before spending, applies composite fertilizer 25-35kg potash fertilizer 10-15kg per acre, ammonium bicarbonate 60-70kg imposes on plant Strain root;Plant occur starting when bud it is pinching, pinching length be 20-30cm, retain 25-30 blade, it is pinching after plant The axillary bud or axillary bud fruit grown is extractd in time;Soil moisture is maintained at 65%-70%, is replenished in time or drains, at the same monthly into The primary intertillage of row is hoed up weeds;
6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:
Downy mildew:Seedling stage pulls out diseased plant and burns in time, and sick nest is filled the gaps with seedlings after being sterilized with lime stone, with 1:1:200 times of Bordeaux mixture sprays Prevention is applied, 50% carbendazim of just falling ill, the more Mirs of 0.1% thunder of effective concentration, which are watered to pour, to apply, 25% auspicious mycin, effective concentration 0.1% is watered to pour and applies, and 50% thiophanate methyl effective concentration 0.2%, which is watered to pour to apply, to be prevented;
Powdery mildew:Early period is prevented with Bordeaux mixture, after the onset with 25% triadimefon or first support, by effective concentration 1.5-2% Spray prevention;
Root rot:Connect root in time after the onset to dig up, morbidity 600 liquid of sulphur more than 75% early period or 50% first support, 500 times of liquid irrigating roots, hair The 1000 times of liquid spraying preventions of 75% Bravo wettable powder, 600 times of liquid of sick initial stage or 70% fenaminosulf;
Borer:Rural area is cleaned, field stubble, dead leaf are removed, weeds is rooted out and eliminates overwintering worm's ovum, with 50% ddvp emulsion 1000-1500 times of liquid or per acre 2.5 metrifonate pulvis 1.5-2kg or 2.5% derris extract missible oil, 800 times of liquid;
Cutworm:It is sprayed with 2000 times of liquid of decis;
7) it harvests:November next year-December, 70% or more field plant aerial part are harvested when withered, along furrow length direction from Both sides are excavated, and shady place is positioned over after digging out, and are classified by root tuber weight.
2. a kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 2 In apply farm manure 2000-2500kg per acre;Base manure is potassium sulfate, applies 20-30kg per acre.
3. a kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 2 In, the width of furrow is 1.2-1.5m, high 15-20cm.
4. a kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 7 It is middle according to type classification, wherein more than 20g be it is high-quality, 10-20g be it is common, 10g or less be seed.
CN201610980319.4A 2016-11-08 2016-11-08 A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis Pending CN108371013A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610980319.4A CN108371013A (en) 2016-11-08 2016-11-08 A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610980319.4A CN108371013A (en) 2016-11-08 2016-11-08 A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108371013A true CN108371013A (en) 2018-08-07

Family

ID=63015311

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610980319.4A Pending CN108371013A (en) 2016-11-08 2016-11-08 A kind of root tuber implantation methods of extremely frigid zones radix aconiti agrestis

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108371013A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100673601B1 (en) * 2006-04-05 2007-01-24 괴산군 Production method for seed potatoes
CN103444390A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-12-18 王运海 Method for planting radix aconiti agrestis
CN103798040A (en) * 2014-02-19 2014-05-21 云南和创药业有限公司 Efficient cultivation method of plateau section aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN105532237A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-04 云南农业大学 Standardization planting technology of cold-highland-area aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN105724036A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-06 云南省农业科学院高山经济植物研究所 Good-quality and high-yield cultivation method for aconitum delavayi Franch

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100673601B1 (en) * 2006-04-05 2007-01-24 괴산군 Production method for seed potatoes
CN103444390A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-12-18 王运海 Method for planting radix aconiti agrestis
CN103798040A (en) * 2014-02-19 2014-05-21 云南和创药业有限公司 Efficient cultivation method of plateau section aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN105532237A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-04 云南农业大学 Standardization planting technology of cold-highland-area aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN105724036A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-06 云南省农业科学院高山经济植物研究所 Good-quality and high-yield cultivation method for aconitum delavayi Franch

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105746032B (en) The method of ginkgo forest interplanting Radix Angelicae Sinensis
CN102498895B (en) Standard planting method for paris polyphylla
CN103918449B (en) A kind of stereo cultivating method of Cortex Phellodendri Rhizoma Paridis interplanting
CN103039261B (en) The compound implantation methods of the bark of official magnolia
CN103814723A (en) Efficient cultivation method for high-altitude area radix dipsaci
CN103798040A (en) Efficient cultivation method of plateau section aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN105532237A (en) Standardization planting technology of cold-highland-area aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN103004394A (en) Alpine organic honeysuckle high yield planting technology
CN104380971A (en) Cultivation method for improving paeoniflorin content of red paeony root
CN105432290A (en) Method for breeding peony seeds
CN101524029B (en) Method for artificially culturing artemisia annua linn in high altitude areas
CN105284399A (en) Hill-drop planting method for tuniclike psammosilene root
CN104186191A (en) High-altitude codonopsis pilosula cultivation method
CN104221653A (en) Cultivation method of polygonaceae perennial herbaceous plants Japanese knotweed
CN103766120B (en) Stephania tetrandra planting method
CN104982171A (en) Cultivation method of original ecological paris polyphylla
CN102907234A (en) Planting method of divaricate saposhnikovia root
CN105724036A (en) Good-quality and high-yield cultivation method for aconitum delavayi Franch
CN105474963A (en) Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae planting method
CN106305254A (en) High-yield cultivation method for early-fruit thin-shell walnuts
CN104081971A (en) Standard cultivation method of stephania tetrandra
CN106508405A (en) Method for interplanting fritillary bulb in Chinese magnoliavine garden
CN104488492B (en) Large-scale production method for Weining codonopsis pilosula
CN105580629A (en) Method for constructing small and medium diameter class covering moso bamboo shoot-rhizoma corydalis imitation wild crop rotation system
CN107801582A (en) No-tillage rape thin planting beats tongue cultural method after one kind plantation flue-cured tobacco

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20180807