CN108358543A - A kind of light cellular partition board and preparation method thereof of environmental protection sound insulation - Google Patents

A kind of light cellular partition board and preparation method thereof of environmental protection sound insulation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108358543A
CN108358543A CN201810111609.4A CN201810111609A CN108358543A CN 108358543 A CN108358543 A CN 108358543A CN 201810111609 A CN201810111609 A CN 201810111609A CN 108358543 A CN108358543 A CN 108358543A
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China
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parts
water
raw
sound insulation
partition board
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CN201810111609.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴旭
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合肥峰腾节能科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201810111609.4A priority Critical patent/CN108358543A/en
Publication of CN108358543A publication Critical patent/CN108358543A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L63/00Compositions of epoxy resins; Compositions of derivatives of epoxy resins
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K2201/00Specific properties of additives
    • C08K2201/011Nanostructured additives

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of light cellular partition boards and preparation method thereof of environmentally friendly sound insulation, are related to light cellular partition board technical field, including base and puigging, and base includes the raw materials such as portland cement, sepiolite, modified expansible graphite, calcium carbonate and centella essential oil;Puigging includes the raw materials such as epoxy resin, vermiculite, perlite and silicone acrylic emulsion;Preparation method includes preparation base.The present invention not only has good soundproof effect, but also heat insulation effect is good, excellent combination property.

Description

A kind of light cellular partition board and preparation method thereof of environmental protection sound insulation
Technical field
The present invention relates to light cellular partition board technical fields, and in particular to it is a kind of environmental protection sound insulation light cellular partition board and its preparation Method.
Background technology
Light cellular partition board is a kind of novel energy-conserving walling material, it have light weight, intensity high, multiple environmental protection, insulation, Sound insulation, rapid construction, reduces the advantages that wall cost at breathing damping, so favor is received in architecture indoor finishing field, however Light cellular partition board soundproof effect currently used in the market is bad.
Invention content
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of light cellular partition boards and preparation method thereof of environmentally friendly sound insulation, not only have good Soundproof effect, and heat insulation effect is good, excellent combination property.
The present invention provides the following technical solutions:A kind of light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation, including base and puigging;
The base includes the raw material of following part meter:75 ~ 85 parts of portland cement, 25 ~ 35 parts of sepiolite, modified expansible graphite 25 ~ 35 parts, it is 25 ~ 35 parts of calcium carbonate, 20 ~ 25 parts of centella essential oil, 20 ~ 25 parts of flyash, 14 ~ 16 parts of air purifying preparation, stearic 55 ~ 65 parts of 9 ~ 11 parts of sour calcium, 20 ~ 25 parts of auxiliary agent and water;
The puigging includes the raw material of following part meter:65 ~ 70 parts of epoxy resin, 35 ~ 45 parts of vermiculite, 25 ~ 35 parts of perlite, silicon 25 ~ 35 parts of acrylic emulsion, 15 ~ 20 parts of nano carbon black, 14 ~ 16 parts of nano silicon dioxide, 14 ~ 16 parts of glycerine, 9 ~ 11 parts of curing agent and 25 ~ 30 parts of water.
Wherein, the air purifying preparation includes the raw material of following part meter:9 ~ 11 parts of attapulgite, 4 ~ 6 parts of activated carbon, bamboo are fine 4 ~ 6 parts of dimension, 0.6 ~ 0.8 part of quaternary ammonium salt, 0.6 ~ 0.8 part of Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, 0.4 ~ 0.6 part of chitosan, orotic acid 0.4 ~ 0.6 4 ~ 6 parts of part, 0.1 ~ 0.3 part of ethylenediamine and water;
The preparation method of air purifying preparation is:(1), according to proportioning weigh attapulgite and activated carbon, with 5 ~ 15% salpeter solution Then 2 ~ 3h of acidification is dried under 100 ~ 200 degrees celsius, the attapulgite after being acidified and activated carbon; (2), quaternary ammonium salt, Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, chitosan, orotic acid, ethylenediamine and water are weighed according to proportioning, mixed Solution;(3), by after acidification attapulgite and activated carbon be put into mixed solution, react 1 ~ 2h, be then placed in bamboo pricker dimension, point It dissipates uniformly, processing is then dried again, obtains the air purifying preparation.
Wherein, the preparation method of the bamboo fibre is:Bamboo is blocked and is cut into bamboo chip, bamboo chip is taken to be put into 90 DEG C waters 10 ~ 20min of boiling, taking-up are crushed to filament, filament are put into continuation 30 ~ 40min of boiling in pressure cooker, by the filament after boiling It is immersed in the solution containing biological enzyme and handles, bamboo fibre cleaning, bleaching, soft and shredding after then being decomposed by biological enzyme It combs, obtains the bamboo fibre.
Wherein, the modified expansible graphite includes the raw material of following part meter:19 ~ 21 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, expansible graphite 24 ~ 26 parts of 14 ~ 16 parts, 9 ~ 11 parts of boric acid aqueous solution, 3 ~ 4 parts of ferrous sulfate and deionized water;
The modified expansible graphite preparation method is:(1), weigh polyvinyl alcohol according to proportioning, be added in deionized water, 65 45 ~ 50min is heated under the conditions of ~ 75 DEG C, stirring and dissolving to transparence obtains poly-vinyl alcohol solution;(2), weigh expansible graphite, It is put into poly-vinyl alcohol solution, 19 ~ 21min is mixed with the rotating speed of 200 ~ 250r/min, powder is obtained after drying process, Then it is added to boric acid aqueous solution and ferrous sulfate, is stirred to react 20 ~ 30min, filter, it is dry, obtain modified expansible graphite.
Wherein, the auxiliary agent includes the raw material of following part meter:3 ~ 5 parts of foaming agent, 3 ~ 5 parts of smoke suppressant, 1 ~ 2 part of fire retardant, 0.2 ~ 0.5 part of 1 ~ 2 part of water-reducing agent, 0.6 ~ 1.1 part of foaming agent and early strength agent.
Wherein, the smoke suppressant is molybdenum trioxide and zinc borate according to 1 ~ 3:1 ratio mixes, the fire retardant packet Include the raw material of following part meter:0.1 ~ 0.3 part of 1 ~ 2 part of polyphosphoric acid, 0.6 ~ 0.8 part of magnesium hydroxide and aluminium hydroxide, the water-reducing agent For one or more of poly carboxylic acid series water reducer, polyamide-based water-reducing agent and naphthalene water reducer, the early strength agent is three ethyl alcohol One or more of amine, sodium chloride and sodium nitrite, the foaming agent include the raw material of following part meter:Wooden sodium sulfonate 2 ~ 3 0.4 ~ 0.6 part of part, 1 ~ 2 part of caustic soda, 0.8 ~ 1.2 part of galactomannan gum and animal protein.
Wherein, the curing agent includes the raw material of following part meter:40 ~ 60% 7 ~ 9 parts of p-methyl benzenesulfonic acid solution, phosphoric acid 3 ~ 5 Part and 40 ~ 60% 20 ~ 30 parts of sulfuric acid solution, aforementioned raw material is mixed, curing agent is obtained.
The present invention provides a kind of preparation method of the light cellular partition board of environmentally friendly sound insulation, includes the following steps:
(1), prepare base
By portland cement, sepiolite, modified expansible graphite, calcium carbonate, centella essential oil, flyash, air purifying preparation, hard Resin acid calcium, auxiliary agent and water are uniformly mixed according to proportioning, and pouring is injected into molding machine, and 6~8h is conserved under 65~75 degrees Celsius, Blank is made in tube drawing, die sinking after coagulation forming, obtains base;
(2), prepare finished product
By vermiculite, high-temperature calcination makes 9 ~ 12 times of its volume expansion form with fine pores under 800 ~ 900 degrees celsius Grain object;
By perlite, high-temperature calcination makes 20 ~ 25 times of its volume expansion be formed with fine and closely woven hole under 1000 ~ 1200 degrees celsius The particulate matter of gap;
Epoxy resin, silicone acrylic emulsion, nano carbon black, nano silicon dioxide, glycerol and water are weighed according to proportioning, are uniformly mixed, 2 ~ 3h is stirred under 65~75 degrees celsius, waits for that temperature is cooled to room temperature, and vermiculite and perlite after afore-said hot calcining is added, Curing agent is added while stirring, obtains mixed material, mixed material is covered in step(1)Obtained base upper surface, passes through Pressurization forms puigging in substrate surface, is sent into steam curing kiln, continues 20 ~ 30min of maintenance using vapor (steam) temperature, obtain institute State the light cellular partition board of environmentally friendly sound insulation.
Wherein, the step(2)It further include surface grinding polishing after steam curing.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:Not only there is good soundproof effect, but also heat insulation effect is good, comprehensive performance is excellent It is different, it is specific as follows:
(1), in the prior art, sound panel is generally single layer structure, but is enhancing soundproof effect, while can make board quality Increase and heat-insulating property reduces, the present invention is press-formed covering puigging in substrate surface, and heat preservation and purification air are played by base Effect, puigging plays the role of sound insulation and noise reduction, and the two synergistic effect is suitable for interior decoration, and comprehensive performance is preferable;
(2), the present invention prepare lightweight base, be press-formed covering puigging in substrate surface, such lamination layer structure combines Closely, cracking does not occur, plays drum and fault-layer-phenomenon;
(3), the present invention substrate surface be press-formed covering puigging preparation process in, first vermiculite and perlite high temperature are forged Burning processing makes its volume expansion form the particulate matter with fine pores, while the porosity of two kinds of particles object and of different sizes, Sound can constantly reflect in the duct of hole, until offsetting;Then by epoxy resin, silicone acrylic emulsion, nano carbon black, nanometer Silica, glycerol and water are uniformly mixed, and wait for that temperature is cooled to room temperature, and vermiculite and perlite is added, and solidification is added while stirring Agent, obtains mixed material, and such mode can accelerate to cure, can prevent liquid material from entering in hole, influence soundproof effect;
(4), in base of the present invention added with modified expansible graphite, it is more uniform and fine and close by that can be formed after high-temp combustion Carbon-coating, enhance flameproof effect so that partition plate of the invention can with fire protection flame retarding, improve safety;
(5), the present invention addition zinc borate and molybdenum trioxide mixture be used as smoke suppressant, can obviously reduce the present invention burn when Cigarette poison discharges, in addition, zinc borate, molybdenum trioxide and modified expansible graphite are mixed according to the ratio in the present invention, can reach Better flame-retardant smoke inhibition synergistic effect, makes cigarette poison be further reduced;
(6), add air purifying preparation in base of the present invention, still have preferable removal effect to the formaldehyde of low concentration, in addition its Also have the effect of preferably removing acetaldehyde, acetic acid and ammonia, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetic acid and ammonia can be removed simultaneously, place it in base It in layer raw material, can make the sound-absorbing duct for not influencing puigging while adsorbing pernicious gas, i.e., not influence the present invention's Soundproof effect;Bamboo fibre is added in air purifying preparation raw material, it can be to harmful chemicals such as sulfide, hydride, methanol, benzene, phenol Substance plays the role of absorption, decomposes peculiar smell and smelly eliminating, has deodorizing antibiotic;In addition, quaternary ammonium salt, Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, shell Glycan, orotic acid and ethylenediamine can combine attapulgite and activated carbon to form the structure with complicated pore channel, sound insulation It keeps the temperature, is waterproof and dampproof so that air purifying preparation of the invention also has soundproof effect;
(7), centella essential oil is added in base of the present invention, there is sedative action, and non-toxic, in addition, air purification can be coordinated Foreign flavor indoors are eliminated in agent jointly.
Specific implementation mode
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to specific examples.These embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention and do not have to In limiting the scope of the invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation, including base and puigging;
The base includes the raw material of following part meter:75 parts of portland cement, 25 parts of sepiolite, modified 25 parts of expansible graphite, 25 parts of calcium carbonate, 20 parts of centella essential oil, 20 parts of flyash, 14 parts of air purifying preparation, 9 parts of calcium stearate, 20 parts of auxiliary agent and water 55 parts;
The puigging includes the raw material of following part meter:65 parts of epoxy resin, 35 parts of vermiculite, 25 parts of perlite, silicone acrylic emulsion 25 Part, 15 parts of nano carbon black, 14 parts of nano silicon dioxide, 14 parts of glycerine, 9 parts of curing agent and 25 parts of water.
Wherein,
The air purifying preparation includes the raw material of following part meter:9 parts of attapulgite, 4 parts of activated carbon, 4 parts of bamboo fibre, quaternary ammonium salt 4 parts of 0.6 part, 0.6 part of Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, 0.4 part of chitosan, 0.4 part of orotic acid, 0.1 part of ethylenediamine and water;
The preparation method of air purifying preparation is:(1), according to proportioning weigh attapulgite and activated carbon, with 5% salpeter solution acid Change processing 2h, is then dried under 100 degrees celsius, the attapulgite after being acidified and activated carbon;(2), according to Proportioning weighs quaternary ammonium salt, Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, chitosan, orotic acid, ethylenediamine and water, is uniformly mixed and obtains mixed solution; (3), by after acidification attapulgite and activated carbon be put into mixed solution, react 1h, be then placed in bamboo pricker dimension, be uniformly dispersed, Then processing is dried again, obtains the air purifying preparation.
Wherein,
The preparation method of the bamboo fibre is:Bamboo is blocked and is cut into bamboo chip, bamboo chip is taken to be put into boiling in 90 DEG C waters 10min, taking-up are crushed to filament, and filament is put into pressure cooker continuation boiling 30min, by the filament after boiling be immersed in containing It is handled in the solution of biological enzyme, bamboo fibre cleaning, bleaching, the soft and shredding after then being decomposed by biological enzyme comb, and obtain The bamboo fibre.
Wherein,
The modified expansible graphite includes the raw material of following part meter:19 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, 14 parts of expansible graphite, boric acid are water-soluble 24 parts of 9 parts of liquid, 3 parts of ferrous sulfate and deionized water;
The modified expansible graphite preparation method is:(1), weigh polyvinyl alcohol according to proportioning, be added in deionized water, 65 45min is heated under the conditions of DEG C, stirring and dissolving to transparence obtains poly-vinyl alcohol solution;(2), weigh expansible graphite, be put into In poly-vinyl alcohol solution, 19min is mixed with the rotating speed of 200r/min, powder is obtained after drying process, is then added to boron Aqueous acid and ferrous sulfate are stirred to react 20min, filter, dry, obtain modified expansible graphite.
Wherein,
The auxiliary agent includes the raw material of following part meter:3 parts of foaming agent, 3 parts of smoke suppressant, 1 part of fire retardant, 1 part of water-reducing agent, foaming agent 0.6 part and 0.2 part of early strength agent.
The smoke suppressant is molybdenum trioxide and zinc borate according to 1:1 ratio mixes, and the fire retardant includes following The raw material of part meter:0.1 part of 1 part of polyphosphoric acid, 0.6 part of magnesium hydroxide and aluminium hydroxide, the water-reducing agent are poly carboxylic acid series water reducer, The early strength agent is triethanolamine, and the foaming agent includes the raw material of following part meter:2 parts of wooden sodium sulfonate, 1 part of caustic soda, gala 0.4 part of 0.8 part of mannosan glue and animal protein.
Wherein,
The curing agent includes the raw material of following part meter:40% 7 parts of p-methyl benzenesulfonic acid solution, 3 parts of phosphoric acid and 40% sulfuric acid it is molten 20 parts of liquid, aforementioned raw material is mixed, curing agent is obtained.
A kind of preparation method of the light cellular partition board of environmentally friendly sound insulation is provided in the present embodiment, is included the following steps:
(1), prepare base
By portland cement, sepiolite, modified expansible graphite, calcium carbonate, centella essential oil, flyash, air purifying preparation, hard Resin acid calcium, auxiliary agent and water are uniformly mixed according to proportioning, and pouring is injected into molding machine, is conserved 6h under 65 degrees Celsius, is frozen into Blank is made in tube drawing, die sinking after type, obtains base;
(2), prepare finished product
By vermiculite, high-temperature calcination makes 9 times of its volume expansion form the particulate matter with fine pores under 800 degrees celsius;
By perlite, high-temperature calcination makes 20 times of its volume expansion form the particle with fine pores under 1000 degrees celsius Object;
Epoxy resin, silicone acrylic emulsion, nano carbon black, nano silicon dioxide, glycerol and water are weighed according to proportioning, are uniformly mixed, 2h is stirred under 65 degrees celsius, waits for that temperature is cooled to room temperature, vermiculite and perlite after afore-said hot calcining, side stirring is added Curing agent is added in side, obtains mixed material, mixed material is covered in step(1)Obtained base upper surface is existed by pressurization Substrate surface formed puigging, be sent into steam curing kiln in, using vapor (steam) temperature continue conserve 20min, obtain it is described environmental protection every The light cellular partition board of sound.
Wherein, the step(2)It further include surface grinding polishing after steam curing.
Embodiment 2
A kind of light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation, including base and puigging;
The base includes the raw material of following part meter:85 parts of portland cement, 35 parts of sepiolite, modified 35 parts of expansible graphite, 35 parts of calcium carbonate, 25 parts of centella essential oil, 25 parts of flyash, 16 parts of air purifying preparation, 11 parts of calcium stearate, 25 parts of auxiliary agent and water 65 parts;
The puigging includes the raw material of following part meter:70 parts of epoxy resin, 45 parts of vermiculite, 35 parts of perlite, silicone acrylic emulsion 35 Part, 20 parts of nano carbon black, 16 parts of nano silicon dioxide, 16 parts of glycerine, 11 parts of curing agent and 30 parts of water.
Wherein,
The air purifying preparation includes the raw material of following part meter:11 parts of attapulgite, 6 parts of activated carbon, 6 parts of bamboo fibre, quaternary ammonium salt 6 parts of 0.8 part, 0.8 part of Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, 0.6 part of chitosan, 0.6 part of orotic acid, 0.3 part of ethylenediamine and water;
The preparation method of air purifying preparation is:(1), according to proportioning weigh attapulgite and activated carbon, with 15% salpeter solution acid Change processing 3h, is then dried under 200 degrees celsius, the attapulgite after being acidified and activated carbon;(2), according to Proportioning weighs quaternary ammonium salt, Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, chitosan, orotic acid, ethylenediamine and water, is uniformly mixed and obtains mixed solution; (3), by after acidification attapulgite and activated carbon be put into mixed solution, react 2h, be then placed in bamboo pricker dimension, be uniformly dispersed, Then processing is dried again, obtains the air purifying preparation.
Wherein,
The preparation method of the bamboo fibre is:Bamboo is blocked and is cut into bamboo chip, bamboo chip is taken to be put into boiling in 90 DEG C waters 20min, taking-up are crushed to filament, and filament is put into pressure cooker continuation boiling 40min, by the filament after boiling be immersed in containing It is handled in the solution of biological enzyme, bamboo fibre cleaning, bleaching, the soft and shredding after then being decomposed by biological enzyme comb, and obtain The bamboo fibre.
Wherein,
The modified expansible graphite includes the raw material of following part meter:21 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, 16 parts of expansible graphite, boric acid are water-soluble 6 parts of 11 parts of liquid, 4 parts of ferrous sulfate and deionized water;
The modified expansible graphite preparation method is:(1), weigh polyvinyl alcohol according to proportioning, be added in deionized water, 75 50min is heated under the conditions of DEG C, stirring and dissolving to transparence obtains poly-vinyl alcohol solution;(2), weigh expansible graphite, be put into In poly-vinyl alcohol solution, 21min is mixed with the rotating speed of 250r/min, powder is obtained after drying process, is then added to boron Aqueous acid and ferrous sulfate are stirred to react 30min, filter, dry, obtain modified expansible graphite.
Wherein,
The auxiliary agent includes the raw material of following part meter:5 parts of foaming agent, 5 parts of smoke suppressant, 2 parts of fire retardant, 2 parts of water-reducing agent, foaming agent 1.1 parts and 0.5 part of early strength agent.
The smoke suppressant is molybdenum trioxide and zinc borate according to 3:1 ratio mixes, and the fire retardant includes following The raw material of part meter:0.3 part of 2 parts of polyphosphoric acid, 0.8 part of magnesium hydroxide and aluminium hydroxide, the water-reducing agent is naphthalene water reducer, described Early strength agent is sodium chloride, and the foaming agent includes the raw material of following part meter:3 parts of wooden sodium sulfonate, 2 parts of caustic soda, galactomannan are poly- 0.6 part of 1.2 parts of carbohydrate gum and animal protein.
Wherein, the curing agent includes the raw material of following part meter:60% 9 parts of p-methyl benzenesulfonic acid solution, 5 parts of phosphoric acid and 30 parts of 60% sulfuric acid solution, aforementioned raw material is mixed, curing agent is obtained.
A kind of preparation method of the light cellular partition board of environmentally friendly sound insulation is provided in the present embodiment, is included the following steps:
(1), prepare base
By portland cement, sepiolite, modified expansible graphite, calcium carbonate, centella essential oil, flyash, air purifying preparation, hard Resin acid calcium, auxiliary agent and water are uniformly mixed according to proportioning, and pouring is injected into molding machine, and 6~8h, solidification are conserved under 75 degrees Celsius Blank is made in tube drawing, die sinking after molding, obtains base;
(2), prepare finished product
By vermiculite, high-temperature calcination makes 12 times of its volume expansion form the particulate matter with fine pores under 900 degrees celsius;
By perlite, high-temperature calcination makes 25 times of its volume expansion form the particle with fine pores under 1200 degrees celsius Object;
Epoxy resin, silicone acrylic emulsion, nano carbon black, nano silicon dioxide, glycerol and water are weighed according to proportioning, are uniformly mixed, 3h is stirred under 75 degrees celsius, waits for that temperature is cooled to room temperature, vermiculite and perlite after afore-said hot calcining, side stirring is added Curing agent is added in side, obtains mixed material, mixed material is covered in step(1)Obtained base upper surface is existed by pressurization Substrate surface formed puigging, be sent into steam curing kiln in, using vapor (steam) temperature continue conserve 30min, obtain it is described environmental protection every The light cellular partition board of sound.
Wherein, the step(2)It further include surface grinding polishing after steam curing.
Embodiment 3
A kind of light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation, including base and puigging;
The base includes the raw material of following part meter:80 parts of portland cement, 30 parts of sepiolite, modified 30 parts of expansible graphite, 30 parts of calcium carbonate, 22.5 parts of centella essential oil, 22.5 parts of flyash, 15 parts of air purifying preparation, 10 parts of calcium stearate, auxiliary agent 22.5 60 parts of part and water;
The puigging includes the raw material of following part meter:67.5 parts of epoxy resin, 40 parts of vermiculite, 30 parts of perlite, silicone acrylic emulsion 27.5 parts of 30 parts, 17.5 parts of nano carbon black, 15 parts of nano silicon dioxide, 15 parts of glycerine, 10 parts of curing agent and water.
Wherein,
The air purifying preparation includes the raw material of following part meter:10 parts of attapulgite, 5 parts of activated carbon, 5 parts of bamboo fibre, quaternary ammonium salt 5 parts of 0.7 part, 0.7 part of Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, 0.5 part of chitosan, 0.5 part of orotic acid, 0.2 part of ethylenediamine and water;
The preparation method of air purifying preparation is:(1), according to proportioning weigh attapulgite and activated carbon, with 10% salpeter solution acid Change processing 2.5h, is then dried under 150 degrees celsius, the attapulgite after being acidified and activated carbon;(2), press Quaternary ammonium salt, Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, chitosan, orotic acid, ethylenediamine and water are weighed according to proportioning, is uniformly mixed and obtains mixed solution; (3), by after acidification attapulgite and activated carbon be put into mixed solution, react 1.5h, be then placed in bamboo pricker dimension, dispersion is equal It is even, processing is then dried again, obtains the air purifying preparation.
Wherein, the preparation method of the bamboo fibre is:Bamboo is blocked and is cut into bamboo chip, bamboo chip is taken to be put into 90 DEG C waters Boiling 15min, taking-up are crushed to filament, and filament is put into continuation boiling 35min in pressure cooker, the filament after boiling is immersed in It being handled in solution containing biological enzyme, bamboo fibre cleaning, bleaching, the soft and shredding after then being decomposed by biological enzyme comb, Obtain the bamboo fibre.
Wherein, the modified expansible graphite includes the raw material of following part meter:20 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, expansible graphite 15 Part, 10 parts of boric acid aqueous solution, 3.5 parts of ferrous sulfate and 25 parts of deionized water;
The modified expansible graphite preparation method is:(1), weigh polyvinyl alcohol according to proportioning, be added in deionized water, 70 48min is heated under the conditions of DEG C, stirring and dissolving to transparence obtains poly-vinyl alcohol solution;(2), weigh expansible graphite, be put into In poly-vinyl alcohol solution, 20min is mixed with the rotating speed of 225r/min, powder is obtained after drying process, is then added to boron Aqueous acid and ferrous sulfate are stirred to react 25min, filter, dry, obtain modified expansible graphite.
Wherein, the auxiliary agent includes the raw material of following part meter:4 parts of foaming agent, 4 parts of smoke suppressant, 1.5 parts of fire retardant, diminishing 0.4 part of 1.5 parts of agent, 0.8 part of foaming agent and early strength agent.
Wherein, the smoke suppressant is molybdenum trioxide and zinc borate according to 2:1 ratio mixes, and the fire retardant includes The raw material of following part meter:0.2 part of 1.5 parts of polyphosphoric acid, 0.7 part of magnesium hydroxide and aluminium hydroxide, the water-reducing agent are polyamide-based Water-reducing agent, the early strength agent are sodium chloride, and the foaming agent includes the raw material of following part meter:2.5 parts of wooden sodium sulfonate, caustic soda 0.5 part of 1.5 parts, 1 part of galactomannan gum and animal protein.
Wherein, the curing agent includes the raw material of following part meter:50% 8 parts of p-methyl benzenesulfonic acid solution, phosphatase 24 part and 50% 25 parts of sulfuric acid solution, aforementioned raw material is mixed, curing agent is obtained.
A kind of preparation method of the light cellular partition board of environmentally friendly sound insulation is provided in the present embodiment, is included the following steps:
(1), prepare base
By portland cement, sepiolite, modified expansible graphite, calcium carbonate, centella essential oil, flyash, air purifying preparation, hard Resin acid calcium, auxiliary agent and water are uniformly mixed according to proportioning, and pouring is injected into molding machine, is conserved 7h under 70 degrees Celsius, is frozen into Blank is made in tube drawing, die sinking after type, obtains base;
(2), prepare finished product
By vermiculite, high-temperature calcination makes 10 times of its volume expansion form the particulate matter with fine pores under 850 degrees celsius;
By perlite, high-temperature calcination makes 23 times of its volume expansion form the particle with fine pores under 1100 degrees celsius Object;
Epoxy resin, silicone acrylic emulsion, nano carbon black, nano silicon dioxide, glycerol and water are weighed according to proportioning, are uniformly mixed, 2.5h is stirred under 70 degrees celsius, waits for that temperature is cooled to room temperature, vermiculite and perlite after afore-said hot calcining is added, while stirring It mixes side and curing agent is added, obtain mixed material, mixed material is covered in step(1)Obtained base upper surface, passes through pressurization Puigging is formed in substrate surface, is sent into steam curing kiln, continues to conserve 25min using vapor (steam) temperature, obtains the environmental protection The light cellular partition board of sound insulation.
Wherein, the step(2)It further include surface grinding polishing after steam curing.
Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, for those skilled in the art, according to So can be with technical scheme described in the above embodiments is modified, or which part technical characteristic is equally replaced It changes.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation, which is characterized in that including base and puigging;
The base includes the raw material of following part meter:75 ~ 85 parts of portland cement, 25 ~ 35 parts of sepiolite, modified expansible graphite 25 ~ 35 parts, it is 25 ~ 35 parts of calcium carbonate, 20 ~ 25 parts of centella essential oil, 20 ~ 25 parts of flyash, 14 ~ 16 parts of air purifying preparation, stearic 55 ~ 65 parts of 9 ~ 11 parts of sour calcium, 20 ~ 25 parts of auxiliary agent and water;
The puigging includes the raw material of following part meter:65 ~ 70 parts of epoxy resin, 35 ~ 45 parts of vermiculite, 25 ~ 35 parts of perlite, silicon 25 ~ 35 parts of acrylic emulsion, 15 ~ 20 parts of nano carbon black, 14 ~ 16 parts of nano silicon dioxide, 14 ~ 16 parts of glycerine, 9 ~ 11 parts of curing agent and 25 ~ 30 parts of water.
2. the light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that including base and puigging;
The base includes the raw material of following part meter:80 parts of portland cement, 30 parts of sepiolite, modified 30 parts of expansible graphite, 30 parts of calcium carbonate, 22.5 parts of centella essential oil, 22.5 parts of flyash, 15 parts of air purifying preparation, 10 parts of calcium stearate, auxiliary agent 22.5 60 parts of part and water;
The puigging includes the raw material of following part meter:67.5 parts of epoxy resin, 40 parts of vermiculite, 30 parts of perlite, silicone acrylic emulsion 27.5 parts of 30 parts, 17.5 parts of nano carbon black, 15 parts of nano silicon dioxide, 15 parts of glycerine, 10 parts of curing agent and water.
3. it is according to claim 1 environmental protection sound insulation light cellular partition board, which is characterized in that the air purifying preparation include with The raw material of lower part meter:9 ~ 11 parts of attapulgite, 4 ~ 6 parts of activated carbon, 4 ~ 6 parts of bamboo fibre, 0.6 ~ 0.8 part of quaternary ammonium salt, Rhododendron hybridun 4 ~ 6 parts of 0.6 ~ 0.8 part of essential oil, 0.4 ~ 0.6 part of chitosan, 0.4 ~ 0.6 part of orotic acid, 0.1 ~ 0.3 part of ethylenediamine and water;
The preparation method of air purifying preparation is:(1), according to proportioning weigh attapulgite and activated carbon, with 5 ~ 15% salpeter solution Then 2 ~ 3h of acidification is dried under 100 ~ 200 degrees celsius, the attapulgite after being acidified and activated carbon; (2), quaternary ammonium salt, Rhododendron hybridun essential oil, chitosan, orotic acid, ethylenediamine and water are weighed according to proportioning, mixed Solution;(3), by after acidification attapulgite and activated carbon be put into mixed solution, react 1 ~ 2h, be then placed in bamboo pricker dimension, point It dissipates uniformly, processing is then dried again, obtains the air purifying preparation.
4. the light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the preparation method of the bamboo fibre For:Bamboo is blocked and is cut into bamboo chip, bamboo chip is taken to be put into 10 ~ 20min of boiling in 90 DEG C waters, taking-up is crushed to filament, will be thin Silk is put into continuation 30 ~ 40min of boiling in pressure cooker, and the filament after boiling is immersed in the solution containing biological enzyme and is handled, so Bamboo fibre cleaning, bleaching, soft and shredding after being decomposed afterwards by biological enzyme comb, and obtain the bamboo fibre.
5. the light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the modified expansible graphite packet Include the raw material of following part meter:19 ~ 21 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, 14 ~ 16 parts of expansible graphite, 9 ~ 11 parts of boric acid aqueous solution, ferrous sulfate 3 ~ 4 parts and 24 ~ 26 parts of deionized water;
The modified expansible graphite preparation method is:(1), weigh polyvinyl alcohol according to proportioning, be added in deionized water, 65 45 ~ 50min is heated under the conditions of ~ 75 DEG C, stirring and dissolving to transparence obtains poly-vinyl alcohol solution;(2), weigh expansible graphite, It is put into poly-vinyl alcohol solution, 19 ~ 21min is mixed with the rotating speed of 200 ~ 250r/min, powder is obtained after drying process, Then it is added to boric acid aqueous solution and ferrous sulfate, is stirred to react 20 ~ 30min, filter, it is dry, obtain modified expansible graphite.
6. the light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the auxiliary agent includes following part meter Raw material:3 ~ 5 parts of foaming agent, 3 ~ 5 parts of smoke suppressant, 1 ~ 2 part of fire retardant, 1 ~ 2 part of water-reducing agent, 0.6 ~ 1.1 part of foaming agent and morning are strong 0.2 ~ 0.5 part of agent.
7. the light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the smoke suppressant is molybdenum trioxide With zinc borate according to 1 ~ 3:1 ratio mixes, and the fire retardant includes the raw material of following part meter:1 ~ 2 part of polyphosphoric acid, hydrogen-oxygen Change 0.1 ~ 0.3 part of 0.6 ~ 0.8 part of magnesium and aluminium hydroxide, the water-reducing agent be poly carboxylic acid series water reducer, polyamide-based water-reducing agent and One or more of naphthalene water reducer, the early strength agent are one or more of triethanolamine, sodium chloride and sodium nitrite, The foaming agent includes the raw material of following part meter:2 ~ 3 parts of wooden sodium sulfonate, 1 ~ 2 part of caustic soda, galactomannan gum 0.8 ~ 1.2 0.4 ~ 0.6 part of part and animal protein.
8. the light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the curing agent includes following part The raw material of meter:40 ~ 60% 7 ~ 9 parts of p-methyl benzenesulfonic acid solution, 3 ~ 5 parts of phosphoric acid and 40 ~ 60% 20 ~ 30 parts of sulfuric acid solution, will before Raw material mixing is stated, curing agent is obtained.
9. a kind of preparation method of light cellular partition board according to claim 1 ~ 8 any one of them environmental protection sound insulation, feature exist In including the following steps:
(1), prepare base
By portland cement, sepiolite, modified expansible graphite, calcium carbonate, centella essential oil, flyash, air purifying preparation, hard Resin acid calcium, auxiliary agent and water are uniformly mixed according to proportioning, and pouring is injected into molding machine, and 6~8h is conserved under 65~75 degrees Celsius, Blank is made in tube drawing, die sinking after coagulation forming, obtains base;
(2), prepare finished product
By vermiculite, high-temperature calcination makes 9 ~ 12 times of its volume expansion form with fine pores under 800 ~ 900 degrees celsius Grain object;
By perlite, high-temperature calcination makes 20 ~ 25 times of its volume expansion be formed with fine and closely woven hole under 1000 ~ 1200 degrees celsius The particulate matter of gap;
Epoxy resin, silicone acrylic emulsion, nano carbon black, nano silicon dioxide, glycerol and water are weighed according to proportioning, are uniformly mixed, 2 ~ 3h is stirred under 65~75 degrees celsius, waits for that temperature is cooled to room temperature, and vermiculite and perlite after afore-said hot calcining is added, Curing agent is added while stirring, obtains mixed material, mixed material is covered in step(1)Obtained base upper surface, passes through Pressurization forms puigging in substrate surface, is sent into steam curing kiln, continues 20 ~ 30min of maintenance using vapor (steam) temperature, obtain institute State the light cellular partition board of environmentally friendly sound insulation.
10. the preparation method of the light cellular partition board of environmental protection sound insulation according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the step (2)It further include surface grinding polishing after steam curing.
CN201810111609.4A 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of light cellular partition board and preparation method thereof of environmental protection sound insulation CN108358543A (en)

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102587607A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-18 武汉理工大学 Fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate for outer wall and preparation method of fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate
CN107572876A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-12 太仓弘杉环保科技有限公司 A kind of enhanced exterior wall sound-and-fire proof environmental protection board

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102587607A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-18 武汉理工大学 Fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate for outer wall and preparation method of fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate
CN107572876A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-12 太仓弘杉环保科技有限公司 A kind of enhanced exterior wall sound-and-fire proof environmental protection board

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