CN108357271A - Tool moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam and the engraving machine with the mechanism - Google Patents

Tool moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam and the engraving machine with the mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108357271A
CN108357271A CN201810128785.9A CN201810128785A CN108357271A CN 108357271 A CN108357271 A CN 108357271A CN 201810128785 A CN201810128785 A CN 201810128785A CN 108357271 A CN108357271 A CN 108357271A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crossbeam
cutter
clamping device
sliding
vertical clamping
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810128785.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108357271B (en
Inventor
陈锡荣
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Agricultural Ball Machinery Technology Co ltd
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Huian County Star Rong Hui Machinery Factory
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Priority to CN201810128785.9A priority Critical patent/CN108357271B/en
Publication of CN108357271A publication Critical patent/CN108357271A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • B44B1/06Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B3/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two- dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings
    • B44B3/06Accessories, e.g. tool or work holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B3/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two- dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings
    • B44B3/06Accessories, e.g. tool or work holders
    • B44B3/063Tool holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B3/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two- dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings
    • B44B3/06Accessories, e.g. tool or work holders
    • B44B3/065Work holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B2700/00Machines, apparatus, tools or accessories for artistic work
    • B44B2700/12Accessories; Tool or work holders

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  • Jigs For Machine Tools (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention, which discloses, a kind of having the vertical clamping device for moving horizontally crossbeam and engraving machine with the mechanism, engraving machine includes vertical clamping device, the engine base being connected with vertical clamping device pedestal in vertical clamping device side is set, the cutter lifting column that the both sides of engine base erect respectively, the cutter that both ends connect by cutter lifting mechanism with two cutter lifting columns setting respectively horizontally slips crossbeam, it is horizontally slipped the cutter mounting frame and the cutter overall apparatus on cutter mounting frame that crossbeam connect setting by left and right sliding mechanism and cutter, clamping device includes pedestal, column, crossbeam, lower clamping device, upper clamp assemblies, elevating mechanism, crane, horizontal sliding equipment and detent mechanism, crossbeam level can make clamp assemblies and lower clamping device when sliding dislocation is opened or corresponding up and down.The engraving machine is easy to lift large-scale engraving workpiece, and can greatly promote Carving Machining efficiency.

Description

Tool moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam and the engraving machine with the mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to engraving machine and its clamping device fields, more particularly to vertical clamping device and engraving machine.
Background technology
The workpiece grip mechanism of vertical engraving machine is to handle workpiece for geometrical clamp in engraving machine in order to realize automatic carving The mechanism at quarter is a part of mechanical structure of engraving machinery, generally includes pedestal, column, crossbeam, lower clamping device, upper clamping Component and elevating mechanism, the column erect respectively in the both sides of pedestal, and the both ends of the crossbeam are set by elevating mechanism respectively It sets on the column of both sides, elevating mechanism has generally included to be oriented to slide construction and lifted driving structure to drive on crossbeam Lower slider, the lower clamping device are arranged on pedestal, and the upper clamp assemblies correspond to lower clamping device and are arranged on crossbeam, can be right Multigroup multiple workpiece of realization should be equipped with and synchronize engraving, clamping group under the lower clamping device generally includes lower clamp assemblies and drives The rotation drive structure of part rotation needs when clamping first rise crossbeam, then workpiece is placed on lower clamping device, then declines Upper clamp assemblies withstand workpiece upper end to be to realize to clamp workpiece when crossbeam, remove on the contrary when workpiece.
Heavier or large-scale engraving workpiece is being encountered for the engraving machine clamping device of above structure, artificial lift is more tired It is difficult, then need on work piece hoisting to lower clamping device through loop wheel machine, when due to lifting workpiece be gravity vertically downward, Since crossbeam is the position directly above in lower clamping device, the space of lifting is blocked, therefore workpiece can not be lifted into lower clamping Device position directly above, workpiece can not also be put on lower clamping device, and for some more more small-sized workpiece, workpiece is hung It is being put into lower clamping device by manually pushing away workpiece after rising, operation in this way is can to place up, but also usually require two A even more manual operations, and operating efficiency is also low, and for large-scale workpiece, it also manually is difficult to realize promotion, for This problem, now some it is mechanically direct remove crossbeam, remove upper clamp assemblies, such structure is for large-scale heavy workpiece It is perhaps feasible to carve use, because its gravity is larger not easily shifted, but this is also only limitted to a small number of ultra-large type heavy workpieces, right Crossbeam is still needed in most of common stone, wood workpiece, clamp assemblies is needed to decline the lower clamping device of cooperation to clamp Workpiece, to ensure that the case where displacement occurs in workpiece during prolonged engraving, directly just affects engraving precision in this way.
In addition, existing large-scale vertical engraving machine there is also a problem, that is, carve the time it is long, carving efficiency is difficult to carry It rises.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide one kind capable of solving above-mentioned problems of the prior art, and workpiece is facilitated to hang It puts and sets, a kind of tool simple to operate moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of a kind of engraving machines greatly promoting carving efficiency.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme is that:Tool moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, including bottom Seat, column, crossbeam, lower clamping device, upper clamp assemblies, elevating mechanism, crane, horizontal sliding equipment and detent mechanism, institute It states on lower clamping device setting pedestal, the column erects respectively in the both sides of pedestal, and the both ends of the crossbeam pass through water respectively Flat sliding equipment is arranged on crane, and the crane is arranged by elevating mechanism on the column of both sides, the upper clamping Component corresponds to lower clamping device and is arranged on crossbeam, and the crossbeam level can make when sliding on clamp assemblies and lower clamping device Lower dislocation is opened or is corresponded to, for fixing cross between the detent mechanism setting crossbeam and crane and/or horizontal sliding equipment Beam prevents it from sliding.
On the crane or horizontal slide rod mechanism is equipped with the block for limiting crossbeam sliding position, and/or, the liter Frame is dropped equipped with the induction component for incuding crossbeam position.
Horizontal sliding driving structure is equipped between the crossbeam and crane.
The horizontal sliding equipment include both ends be erected on crane sliding bar, setting worn for sliding bar on crossbeam The axle sleeve crossed, the detent mechanism are the elastic axle sleeve for being arranged on crossbeam and being passed through for sliding bar.
The elastic axle sleeve includes outer sleeve body, adjusting sleeve and split hub, and the split hub is by polylith split block annular split It forms, the split hub is embedded in outer sleeve body, and the adjusting sleeve is embedded in one end of outer sleeve body, the other end of the outer sleeve body Equipped with disconnecting prevention structure, the adjusting sleeve can promote or exit, the inner end inner surface and split block of the adjusting sleeve with respect to outer sleeve body End outer surface be the corresponding inclined surface structure for tilting cooperation.
Each split block is corresponded on the side wall of the outer sleeve body and offers embedded hole, and tension spring is embedded in the embedded hole, One end of the tension spring is connected on split block, and the other end of the tension spring is fixedly connected by fixed connection structure On outer sleeve body.
The disconnecting prevention structure is the interior set body in embedded outer sleeve body end, the inner end inner surface and split block of the interior set body End outer surface be corresponding the second inclined surface structure for tilting cooperation.
It is respectively equipped with the helicitic texture for matching and screwing togather on the adjusting sleeve and outer sleeve body, to real by rotating adjusting sleeve Existing its is promoted or is exited, and the outer end outer edge of the adjusting sleeve, which is formed with, is conveniently adjusted tool fixing and matching structure.
It is provided with elastic cylinder on the crossbeam, connector, the connector are fixed on the outer end of the adjusting sleeve The piston rod for connecting elastic cylinder drives the propulsion of adjusting sleeve by elastic cylinder movement or exits.
The horizontal sliding equipment include both ends be erected on crane sliding bar, setting worn for sliding bar on crossbeam The axle sleeve crossed, the detent mechanism are the forced locking device being arranged on crossbeam, the forced locking device include shaft set, Cylinder and latch segment, the shaft set are set in that sliding bar is outer and one end is connected on crossbeam, the cylinder setting in crossbeam or Shaft is put on, and one end of the latch segment is connected on the piston rod of cylinder, and the shaft, which is put on, offers through-hole, the locking The other end of block is that locking end activity is threaded through in through-hole, drives locking end to clamp horizontal shaft in the piston rod action of cylinder Or it unclamps and clamps.
The cylinder is the two-way cylinder of the piston rod acted with opposite direction, and the cylinder piston rod activity direction is Horizontal direction activity, the through-hole that shaft described in latch segment covers is respectively arranged on the piston rod of different directions, and to correspond to two respectively different The latch segment in direction opens up, and the latch segment is L-type structure, and the vertical arm end of L-type structure connects cylinder piston rod, A laterally arm end for L-type structure is that locking end activity is threaded through in through-hole.
The latch segment is equipped with activity-oriented structure.
The locking end, which is equipped on locking member and/or horizontal shaft, corresponds to locking end equipped with locking mechanism.
A kind of engraving machine, including above-mentioned vertical clamping device and be arranged in vertical clamping device side and vertical clamping machine Cutter lifting column that the both sides of engine base, engine base that structure pedestal is connected erect respectively, both ends respectively by cutter lifting mechanism with Horizontally slip crossbeam, the crossbeam that horizontally slipped by left and right sliding mechanism and cutter of the cutter of two cutter lifting columns connection setting is connect The cutter mounting frame of setting and the cutter overall apparatus on cutter mounting frame.
The cutter mounting frame is equipped with Cutting tool installation manner plate, and the Cutting tool installation manner plate is pacified by front and rear sliding mechanism and cutter Connection setting is shelved, the cutter overall apparatus is arranged on Cutting tool installation manner plate.
The cutter overall apparatus includes the guide post erected on cutter mounting frame, is set in guide post equipped with guide sleeve Movable upper layer mounting bracket, the fixed mounting plate of guide post upper end setting, setting drive upper layer mounting bracket in fixed mounting plate The upper elevator mechanisms of lifting, the Cutting tool installation manner plate and Cutting tool installation manner being separately positioned on cutter mounting frame and upper layer mounting bracket Front and rear sliding mechanism between plate and cutter mounting frame, upper layer mounting bracket is also separately positioned on the cutter dress of Cutting tool installation manner plate It sets.
The cutter arrangement is multigroup setting of cutter head difference direction, and the Cutting tool installation manner is provided with rotating mechanism.
The rotating mechanism includes the chassis, the rotor plate on chassis, chassis that setting is connect with left and right sliding mechanism The rotation lock solid structure between rotational structure and chassis and rotor plate between rotor plate.
Above-mentioned engraving machine further includes being connected with vertical clamping device pedestal in above-mentioned vertical clamping device other side setting The second cutter lifting column that the both sides of the second engine base, the second engine base that connect erect respectively, both ends pass through cutter lifting mechanism respectively The second cutter that setting is connect with two second cutter lifting columns horizontally slips crossbeam, left by left and right sliding mechanism and the second cutter Second cutter of right sliding beam connection setting slides back and forth mounting bracket, is slid back and forth by front and rear sliding mechanism and the second cutter Second Cutting tool installation manner plate of mounting bracket connection setting and the second cutter overall apparatus on the second Cutting tool installation manner plate.
The upper end of above-mentioned two cutters lifting column is fixedly connected with crossbeam equipped with third, and the cutter lifting column is respectively with corresponding one It is fixedly connected with crossbeam equipped with the 4th between the column of side, nothing is fixedly connected with crossbeam connection between above-mentioned two second cutter lifting columns, The second cutter lifting column is fixedly connected with crossbeam between the column of corresponding side equipped with the 5th respectively.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Above-mentioned vertical clamping device is for being arranged upper folder The crossbeam for holding component is provided on liftable crane, and is to connect to set by horizontal sliding equipment between crane It sets, such crossbeam realizes that lifting clamping workpiece, the horizontal sliding of crossbeam can move open and lower folder by the lifting of crane It holds device to be staggered, also makes hold assembly and staggered positions above and below lower hold assembly, to merge out clamping device under face Lift space, it is possible to provide go out bigger large-scale workpiece of being more convenient for and directly lift the space of placement, is also beneficial to save the lifting time, it should Firm, reduction influence engraving precision factor, the also machinery production of the structure can be equally clamped in the clamping device of structure setting When can rationally utilize mechanical upper space, the whole height of machinery can be reduced;The moving operation of crossbeam, positioning is fixed, it is solid to unclamp Fixed is easy to operate, and mechanical structure is simple, and advantageous effect is apparent, and service life is long.
The further setting of above-mentioned clamping device enables to crossbeam to realize that automation effect preferably moves horizontally, component Structure setting is rationally ingenious;Above-mentioned elastic axle sleeve is also adjusted since its split hub is that the split block detached by polylith is constituted The adjustment connection structure between inclined surface structure and adjusting sleeve and outer sleeve body between set and split block so that adjusting sleeve can push away Into or exit, i.e., promote or exit into outer sleeve body, when propulsion, adjusting sleeve pushes split block to make under the action of structure in inclined surface Split hub reduces diameter, exits, and loses and changes the thrust that split hub reduces diameter, split hub is under the action of opposing force Enlarged diameter, to come realize can elastic adjusting purpose effect, the applicable a variety of different-diameter rulers of elastic axle sleeve of the structure Very little sliding bar, uses as fastening shaft sleeve, and the fastening effect held tightly is good, adjusts simple to operate, the axle sleeve of the structure Simple in structure, reasonable design, stabilized structure is less prone to failure, and service life is long;Above-mentioned forced locking device passes through cylinder band The action of dynamic latch segment holds out against sliding bar to realize locking by latch segment, and locking fastening force is big, fastens dynamic balance, and locking is tight Gu effect is more preferable, and simple in structure, manufactures and be easy, be less prone to failure.
Above-mentioned engraving machine with above-mentioned clamping device with above-mentioned advantageous effect, in addition, above-mentioned engraving machine further exists Structure setting in cutter overall apparatus is worked by the program that cnc system software writes in advance, and each cutter arrangement is single Only front and rear sliding mechanism simultaneously works to a workpiece Carving Machining from achievable multiple cutters, this is existing various carvings The structure setting not having also in machinery is carved, the efficiency of the Carving Machining of a workpiece can be greatly promoted in this way, especially big Carving Machining application on type workpiece, the advantageous effect of raising efficiency are more obvious;In addition, above-mentioned in the both sides of clamping device Be respectively set cutter head can realize and meanwhile the mechanical structure of Carving Machining be arranged, can further realize said effect, hang When filling workpiece, lifting space can be merged out to side movement downwards by lifting the mechanical structure of side, not influence workpiece in this way Lifting.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of overlooking structure diagram of engraving machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of cutter overall apparatus in a kind of engraving machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of overlooking structure diagram of engraving machine another kind of the present invention.
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 is a kind of structural schematic diagram having the vertical clamping device for moving horizontally crossbeam of the present invention;
Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 is that of the present invention a kind of having move horizontally elastic axle sleeve in the vertical clamping device of crossbeam two Kind structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 be it is of the present invention it is a kind of have move horizontally forced locking device in the vertical clamping device of crossbeam Structural schematic diagram.
In figure:
Engine base 1;Cutter lifting column 2;Cutter horizontally slips crossbeam 3;
Cutter mounting frame 4;Cutting tool installation manner plate 51;Guide post 52;Upper layer mounting bracket 53;Fixed mounting plate 54;
Upper elevator mechanisms 55;Front and rear sliding mechanism 56;Cutter arrangement 57;Rotating mechanism 58;Chassis 581;
Rotor plate 582;Rotational structure 583;Rotate lock solid structure 584;Cutter overall apparatus 5;
Clamping device 6;Pedestal 61;Column 62;Crossbeam 63;Lower clamping device 641;Upper clamp assemblies 642
Crane 65;Horizontal sliding equipment 66;Sliding bar 661;Axle sleeve 662;
Detent mechanism 67;Elastic axle sleeve 67a;Outer sleeve body a21;Disconnecting prevention structure a211;
Limiting slot a212;Embedded hole a213;Tension spring a214;
Adjusting sleeve a22;Step ring/step groove a221;Split hub a23;Split block a231;
Limited block a2311;Positive stop strip a2312;Inclined surface structure a24;
Second inclined surface structure a26;Elastic cylinder a27;Connector a28;
Forced locking device 67b;Shaft covers b41;Through-hole b411;Cylinder b42;Latch segment b43;
Locking end b431;Locking member b4311;Anti-skidding locking mechanism b4312;Guide frame b432;
Horizontally-guided bar b4321;Sliding eye b4322;Runner block b4323;Sliding slot b4324.
Specific implementation mode
In order to further explain the technical solution of the present invention, being explained in detail the present invention below by specific embodiment It states.
A kind of engraving machine disclosed by the invention is relatively suitble to larger workpiece, large-scale workpiece or super as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3 Large-scale workpiece Carving Machining uses, including engine base 1, cutter lifting column 2, cutter horizontally slip crossbeam 3, cutter mounting frame 4, cutter Overall apparatus 5 and clamping device 6 also control the parts such as the control system of each portion's action of complete machine, are described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings Each portion position connection relation.
Clamping device 6 once are described first, the clamping device 6 is the vertical clamping device for clamping engraving workpiece, such as Shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 comprising pedestal 61, column 62, crossbeam 63, lower clamping device 641, upper clamp assemblies 642, crane 65, Horizontal sliding equipment 66 and detent mechanism 67, the lower clamping device 641 are arranged on pedestal 64, and the column 62 is in pedestal 64 Both sides erect respectively, and the both ends of the crossbeam 63 are arranged by horizontal sliding equipment 66 on crane 65 respectively, and crossbeam 63 is logical It crosses structure realization to move horizontally, this is also one of the main improvements of the present invention, and the crane 65 passes through elevating mechanism Be arranged on the column 62 of both sides, by the mechanism crane 65 can on column 62 lifting moving, the upper clamp assemblies 642 Corresponding lower clamping device 641 is arranged on crossbeam 63, in this way, can make when the horizontal sliding of the crossbeam 63 clamp assemblies 642 with The dislocation of about 641 lower clamping device, which is opened, is easy to lift or corresponds to clamping, and the detent mechanism 67 is arranged in crossbeam 63 and crane Prevent it from sliding for fixing crossbeam 63 in clamping workpiece between 65 and/or horizontal sliding equipment 66.Pass through above-mentioned knot Structure describes and the above-mentioned description for having advantageous effect part, in conjunction with attached drawing it is believed that those skilled in the art can have a clear understanding of clamping machine The mode of operation process of structure 6, is not just describing here.
For ease of determining position that crossbeam 63 slides, be especially to determine it is corresponding on clip position, the crane 65 or Horizontal slide rod mechanism 66 is equipped with the block (not shown) for limiting 63 sliding position of crossbeam, and/or, the crane 65 It is equipped with the induction component for incuding 63 position of crossbeam, can be electronic equipment such as infrared induction head etc., sense and determine position Set and send out alarm or following further structure setting is combined to realize automation effect, such as further setting, the crossbeam 63 with Horizontal sliding of the horizontal sliding driving structure for driving crossbeam 63 automatically is equipped between crane 65, by the sense for incuding component Position should be slided into crossbeam 63 signal beamed back into control system lock crossbeam 63 to control detent mechanism 67, this makes it possible to Realize the effect of automation.The sliding of crossbeam 63 can be also arranged on crossbeam 63 and be pushed convenient for sliding by manual operation certainly Or the structure setting of drawing, the in addition fixation of crossbeam 63 are also manually operable, and several crossbeams 63 manually or automatically are provided below Fixed form.
The first, as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, the horizontal sliding equipment 66 is erected at the cunning on crane 65 including both ends The axle sleeve 662 passed through for sliding bar is arranged on crossbeam 63 in lever 661, and the detent mechanism 67 is to be arranged on crossbeam 63 simultaneously The elastic axle sleeve 67a passed through for sliding bar 661.The elastic axle sleeve 67a includes outer sleeve body a21, adjusting sleeve a22 and split hub A23, the split hub a23 are put together by polylith split block a231 annulars, i.e., split block a231 two-by-two is that separation is not fixed Connection encloses split hub a23, and the split hub a23 is embedded in outer sleeve body a21, and the adjusting sleeve a23 is embedded in housing The other end of one end of body a21, the outer sleeve body a21 is equipped with disconnecting prevention structure a211, for preventing split hub a23 from falling off from the end Go out, the adjusting sleeve a22 can be promoted or exit, the inner end inner surface and split block of the adjusting sleeve a22 with respect to outer sleeve body a21 The end outer surface of a221 is the corresponding inclined surface structure a24 for tilting cooperation, in conjunction with attached drawing, it can be seen that is promoting adjusting sleeve a22 When, 231 radial action of split block, split hub a23 can be pushed integrally to reduce diameter, be adjacent under the action of structure a24 in inclined surface Sliding bar 661, therefore more promote and sliding bar 661 can be held tightly, realize the effect of fastening, if you do not need to fastening, but It being used as matched sliding shaft sleeve, then when being advanced into and be bonded with slide bar, and exiting, split hub a23 loses motive force, And exiting for adjusting sleeve a22 has also conceded the radially movable spaces split block a231, therefore under the action of other active forces i.e. Split block a231 can be pushed;It is used for equipped with Anti-releasing position limiting structure between adjusting sleeve a22 described in the present embodiment and split block a231 The voluntary activity of split block a231 is limited, and prevents the abjection of split block a231, structure can be illustrated in figure 6 the adjustment The inner ends set a22 lateral surface is formed with step ring a221 or corresponds the step groove a221 of each split block a231, the split block A231 lateral walls are convexly equipped with the limited block a2311 being embedded in step ring/step groove a221, and this makes it possible to prevent split block A231 deviate from, certainly here step ring/step groove a221 to have enough spaces it is radially movable for split block a231 when limited block For a2311 in its corresponding activity, split block a231 can be limited around axial by being also set as one-to-one step groove a221 also Activity, preferably define limited block a2311, i.e., preferably define the activity direction of split block a231;Can also be such as Fig. 7 Shown, the end that positive stop strip a2312, the positive stop strip a2312 are axially convexly equipped on the lateral wall of the split block a231 extends To the inner ends adjusting sleeve a22 lateral surface, the limit for positive stop strip a2312 insertions is axially offered on the madial wall of the outer sleeve body a21 Position slot a212, the structure are equally reached above-mentioned effect.
To make split block a231 when adjusting sleeve a22 is exited, can automatic movable realize the effects that expand of split hub a23 Fruit, further as shown in fig. 7, corresponding to each split block a231 on the side wall of the outer sleeve body a21 offers insertion in the present embodiment Tension spring a214 is embedded in hole a213, the embedded hole a213, one end of the tension spring a214 is connected to split block On a231, the other end of the tension spring a214 is fixedly connected on by fixed connection structure on outer sleeve body a21, in adjusting sleeve Split hub a23 diminutions diameter elongation tension spring a214 when a22 is promoted, tension spring a214 generation elastic-restoring forces, therefore When adjusting sleeve a22 is exited, which is that can pull split block a231 to realize effect that split hub a23 is expanded.
Above-mentioned disconnecting prevention structure a211, can be to be formed on the madial wall of outer sleeve body a21 for block split block in the present embodiment The step ring of end, the structure can be molded when manufacturing outer sleeve body, as shown in Figure 6;Or can be, as shown in Figure 7, for insertion Interior set body in the ends outer sleeve body a21 blocks the ends split block a231 by adding interior set body formation step structure to realize Effect is connected between the interior set body and outer sleeve body a21 by connection structure, the connection structure can be the interior set body with it is outer The helicitic texture for matching and screwing togather is respectively equipped on body a21, i.e., direct threads connection, alternatively, for outside the interior set body It holds and offers corresponding threaded hole respectively on outer edge and outer sleeve body a21 and locked and connected by bolt, i.e., it is external to lock and connect, As shown in the figure, the structure of interior set body is set, may further be provided, as shown in the figure, the inner end inner surface of the interior set body And the end outer surface of split block a231 is corresponding the second inclined surface structure a26 for tilting cooperation, and there is above-mentioned inclined surface such as to tie The function and effect of structure a24, the same use of structure setting of above-mentioned step groove a221, limited block a2311, positive stop strip a2312 are at this Place, realizes same effect, while the activity of split block a231 and active force also may make more to balance, steadily.
Propulsions of the adjusting sleeve a22 with respect to outer sleeve body a21 how is realized in the present embodiment and is exited, it is as shown in Figure 6, described It is respectively equipped with the helicitic texture for matching and screwing togather on adjusting sleeve a22 and outer sleeve body a21, to be realized by rotating adjusting sleeve a22 It promotes or exits, simple in structure, by manually being operated using work when adjustment, for ease of operation, the adjusting sleeve a22's Outer end outer edge is formed with the polygonized structure for being conveniently adjusted tool secure fit, such as coordinates the hexagonal structure of spanner, alternatively, Radially offer the jack being inserted into for adjustment tool on the outer end outer edge of the adjusting sleeve a22, when adjustment, tool is inserted into jack It pulls, you can realize and drive adjusting sleeve a22 rotations.
Above-mentioned adjustment mode is to manually adjust, and can also be improved to adjust automatically, specifically as shown in fig. 7, the crossbeam 63 On be provided with elastic cylinder a27, connector a28, the connector a28 connections are fixed on the outer end of the adjusting sleeve a22 The piston rod of elastic cylinder a27 is acted to drive the propulsion of adjusting sleeve a22 or exit by elastic cylinder a27, to realize certainly The effect of dynamic control, machinery, which uses, to be more convenient, described elastic to make elastic cylinder a27 drive the balance of adjusting sleeve a22 actions Cylinder a27 can be symmetrical arranged.
Second, the horizontal sliding equipment 66 includes that both ends are erected at sliding bar 661 on crane 65, are arranged in cross The axle sleeve 662 passed through for sliding bar 661 on beam 63, the detent mechanism 67 are the forced locking device being arranged on crossbeam 63 67b, the forced locking device 67b include shaft set b41, cylinder b42 and latch segment b43, and the shaft set b41 settings are in cross On beam 63, the sliding bar 661 is threaded through in shaft set b41, and the cylinder b42 settings are on crossbeam 63 or shaft set b41, figure Shown in covered on b41 in shaft for setting, be arranged closer to sliding bar 661, the transmission of more compact structure, power not will disperse, One end of the latch segment b43 is connected on the piston rod of cylinder b42, and through-hole b411 is offered on shaft set b41, described The other end of latch segment b43 is that locking end b431 activities are threaded through in through-hole b411, is driven in the piston rod action of cylinder b42 Locking end b431 clamps sliding bar 661 or unclamps and clamps, and to realize that Automatic-clamping acts, achieves the object of the present invention effect, The present embodiment is preferred as shown in the figure, and the cylinder b42 is the two-way cylinder of the piston rod acted with opposite direction, different Latch segment b43 is respectively arranged on the piston rod in direction, correspondence is neither equidirectional respectively by the through-hole b411 of the shaft set b41 Latch segment b43 is opened up, in addition, the cylinder b42 piston rod activity directions are horizontal direction activity, the latch segment b43 is L-type The vertical arm end of structure, L-type structure connects cylinder b42 piston rods, and a laterally arm end for L-type structure is locking end B431 activities are threaded through in through-hole b411, which can increase clamping dynamics and keep clamping balance, to reach more Good clamping effect, in addition, the locking end b431, which is equipped on locking member b4311 and sliding bar 661, corresponds to locking end B4311 is equipped with locking mechanism b62, can further increase clamping effect, and in the present embodiment, the locking member b4311 is rubber Blob of viscose, the rubber block are equipped with anti-skidding locking mechanism b4312, and the anti-skidding locking mechanism b4312 and locking mechanism b61 can be Dentation, netted or rough surface, increasing friction force carry out anti-sliding stop, to realize effect.
In the present invention, further, the latch segment b43 is equipped with activity-oriented structure b432, for making latch segment b43's Sliding keeps balance, slide balance, clamping dynamics that can preferably act on sliding bar 661;It is movable described in the present embodiment Guide frame b432 can be to be fixed on horizontally-guided bar b4321, the latch segment b43 to offer on shaft set b41 The sliding eye b4322 for matching with horizontally-guided bar b4321 and it being supplied to pass through, as shown in Figure 9;Alternatively, as shown in Figure 8, institute State activity-oriented structure be the shaft cover b42 on be fixed on runner block b4323, the runner block b4323 offer with Latch segment b43, which matches, width and is embedded the sliding slot b4324 slided inside for it, and the runner block b4323 is H-type structure, H Both ends open slot between the vertical two-arm of type structure is respectively the sliding slot b4324 of two latch segment b43, and above two structure can It is enough preferably to play guide effect.
Above-mentioned is the structure of vertical clamping device 6 in a kind of engraving machine disclosed by the invention, according to the big of engraving workpiece One or more groups of corresponding lower clamping devices 641 and upper clamp assemblies 642, following cutter mounting frames can be arranged in small clamp structure 4 and cutter overall apparatus 5 be also correspondingly arranged, continue with description engraving machine other parts structure, the pedestal 61 of the clamping device 6 Be connected setting with engine base 1, since clamping device 6 is mainly used for lifting workpiece, the other parts structure of usual engraving machine The main other side for being laid in clamping device 6, the cutter lifting column 2 are erected respectively in the both sides of engine base 1, the cutter or so 3 both ends of sliding beam connect setting by cutter lifting mechanism with two cutter lifting columns 2 respectively, and the cutter mounting frame 4 passes through Left and right sliding mechanism and the cutter crossbeam 3 that horizontally slips connect setting, and the cutter overall apparatus 5 is mounted on cutter mounting frame 4, on Elevating mechanism, left and right sliding mechanism and the following front and rear sliding mechanisms etc. stated are necessary mechanisms in existing engraving machine, can Using the prior art, here just not in the structure that each mechanism is described in detail.The cutter mounting frame 4 is equipped with Cutting tool installation manner plate 51, the Cutting tool installation manner plate 51 connect setting with cutter mounting frame 4 by front and rear sliding mechanism, and the cutter overall apparatus 5 is arranged On Cutting tool installation manner plate 51, the set-up mode of the cutter overall apparatus 5 of the structure setting is the set-up mode of existing vertical engraving machine. The above-mentioned structure for being conducive to promote Carving Machining effect of another realization disclosed by the invention, such as following, the cutter overall apparatus 5 Including erecting the guide post 52 on cutter mounting frame 4, being set in movable upper layer mounting bracket in guide post 52 equipped with guide sleeve 53,52 upper end of guide post setting fixed mounting plate 54, be arranged in fixed mounting plate 54 drive upper layer mounting bracket 53 lift Upper elevator mechanisms 55, the Cutting tool installation manner plate 51 being separately positioned on cutter mounting frame 4 and upper layer mounting bracket 4 and Cutting tool installation manner Front and rear sliding mechanism 56 between plate 51 and cutter mounting frame 4, upper layer mounting bracket 53, is also separately positioned on Cutting tool installation manner plate 51 On cutter arrangement 57, each cutter arrangement 57 so opposite engraving workpiece can slide back and forth respectively, and upper layer mounting bracket 53 can also rise The whole height of falling tone achieves that multiple cutters simultaneously work to a workpiece Carving Machining in this way, adds to greatly promote engraving The advantageous effect of work efficiency rate.
The present invention is further, and as shown in the figure, the cutter arrangement 57 is multigroup setting of cutter head difference direction, the knife Have mounting bracket 4 and be equipped with rotating mechanism 58, be convertible graver head by rotary cutter mounting bracket 4, artificial more tool changing can be saved The time of head;In addition, the rotating mechanism 58 includes the chassis 581 for connecting setting with left and right sliding mechanism, on chassis 581 Rotor plate 582, the rotational structure 583 between chassis 581 and rotor plate 582 and turn between chassis 581 and rotor plate 582 Dynamic lock solid structure 584 first releases lock of the rotation lock solid structure 584 to rotor plate 582 first in this way when needing replacing cutter Cutter is set to correspond to engraving workpiece Gu then rotating rotor plate 582 by rotational structure 583, finally again by rotating lock solid structure 584 complete the replacement of cutter come the rotor plate 582 that locks, simple to operate.
The present invention is further, and above-mentioned engraving machine further includes in above-mentioned vertical clamping device other side setting and vertical clamping The second cutter lifting column that the both sides of the second engine base, the second engine base that mechanism base is connected erect respectively, both ends pass through respectively Cutter lifting mechanism connect with two second cutter lifting columns setting the second cutter horizontally slip crossbeam, pass through left and right sliding mechanism With the second cutter horizontally slip crossbeam connect setting the second cutter slide back and forth mounting bracket, by front and rear sliding mechanism and second The the second Cutting tool installation manner plate and the second cutter on the second Cutting tool installation manner plate that cutter slides back and forth mounting bracket connection setting Overall apparatus, not depending on going out in figure, bilateral Carving Machining can be achieved in above structure setting, can be controlled by digital control system realize simultaneously into Row engraving polishing processing or as needed selection cutter Carving Machining are conducive to save the cutter changing time and promote Carving Machining Efficiency, when lifting workpiece, lifting space can be merged out to side movement downwards by lifting the mechanical structure of side, be not shadow in this way Ring the lifting of workpiece.The upper end of above-mentioned two cutters lifting column is fixedly connected with crossbeam equipped with third, the cutter lifting column respectively with It is fixedly connected with crossbeam equipped with the 4th between the column of corresponding side, nothing is fixedly connected with crossbeam between above-mentioned two second cutter lifting columns Connection, the second cutter lifting column are fixedly connected with crossbeam between the column of corresponding side equipped with the 5th respectively, which sets It sets and enables to complete machine structure more firm and do not influence to lift.
The product form and style of above-described embodiment and schema and the non-limiting present invention, any technical field it is common The appropriate changes or modifications that technical staff does it all should be regarded as the patent category for not departing from the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. tool moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, it is characterised in that:Including pedestal, column, crossbeam, lower clamping device, Upper clamp assemblies, elevating mechanism, crane, horizontal sliding equipment and detent mechanism, the lower clamping device are arranged on pedestal, institute Column to be stated to erect respectively in the both sides of pedestal, the both ends of the crossbeam are arranged by horizontal sliding equipment on crane respectively, The crane is arranged by elevating mechanism on the column of both sides, and the upper clamp assemblies correspond to lower clamping device and are arranged in cross Liang Shang, when crossbeam level sliding can make clamp assemblies and lower clamping device, and dislocation is opened or corresponding, the localization machine up and down Structure is arranged between crossbeam and crane and/or horizontal sliding equipment prevents it from sliding for fixing crossbeam.
2. tool as described in claim 1 moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, it is characterised in that:On the crane or Horizontal slide rod mechanism is equipped with the block for limiting crossbeam sliding position, and/or, the crane is equipped with for incuding crossbeam The induction component of position.
3. tool as claimed in claim 2 moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, it is characterised in that:The crossbeam and lifting Horizontal sliding driving structure is equipped between frame.
4. tool as claimed in claim 3 moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, it is characterised in that:The horizontal skate machine Structure include both ends be erected on crane sliding bar, the axle sleeve passed through for sliding bar, the detent mechanism are set on crossbeam For the elastic axle sleeve for being arranged on crossbeam and being passed through for sliding bar.
5. tool as claimed in claim 4 moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, it is characterised in that:The elastic axle sleeve packet Outer sleeve body, adjusting sleeve and split hub are included, the split hub is put together by polylith split block annular, and the split hub is embedded outside Set is internal, and the adjusting sleeve is embedded in one end of outer sleeve body, and the other end of the outer sleeve body is equipped with disconnecting prevention structure, the adjusting sleeve It can promote or exit with respect to outer sleeve body, the inner end inner surface of the adjusting sleeve and the end outer surface of split block are that corresponding inclination is matched The inclined surface structure of conjunction.
6. tool as claimed in claim 3 moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, it is characterised in that:The horizontal skate machine Structure include both ends be erected on crane sliding bar, the axle sleeve passed through for sliding bar, the detent mechanism are set on crossbeam For the forced locking device on crossbeam is arranged, the forced locking device includes shaft set, cylinder and latch segment, the shaft It is set in outside sliding bar and one end is connected on crossbeam, the cylinder setting is covered in crossbeam or shaft, the latch segment One end is connected on the piston rod of cylinder, and the shaft, which is put on, offers through-hole, and the other end of the latch segment is lived for locking end It is dynamic to be threaded through in through-hole, drive the horizontal shaft of locking end clamping or release to clamp in the piston rod action of cylinder.
7. tool as claimed in claim 6 moves horizontally the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, it is characterised in that:The cylinder be with The two-way cylinder of the piston rod of opposite direction action, the cylinder piston rod activity direction are horizontal direction activity, different directions Piston rod on be respectively arranged with the through-hole that shaft described in latch segment covers corresponding neither equidirectional latch segment open up respectively, it is described Latch segment is L-type structure, and the vertical arm end of L-type structure connects cylinder piston rod, a laterally arm end for L-type structure It is threaded through in through-hole for locking end activity.
8. a kind of tool of tool as described in claim 1-7 any one moves horizontally the engraving machine of the vertical clamping device of crossbeam, It is characterized in that:Further include engine base, the engine base being connected with vertical clamping device pedestal being arranged in vertical clamping device side The cutter lifting column that erects respectively of both sides, both ends the knife of setting is connect with two cutter lifting columns by cutter lifting mechanism respectively Horizontally slip crossbeam, the crossbeam that horizontally slipped by left and right sliding mechanism and cutter of tool connect the cutter mounting frame being arranged and is mounted on Cutter overall apparatus on cutter mounting frame.
9. a kind of engraving machine as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that:The cutter mounting frame is equipped with Cutting tool installation manner plate, The Cutting tool installation manner plate connect setting with cutter mounting frame by front and rear sliding mechanism, and the cutter overall apparatus setting is pacified in cutter In loading board.
10. a kind of engraving machine as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that:The cutter overall apparatus includes erecting to pacify in cutter The guide post shelved, be set in equipped with guide sleeve movable upper layer mounting bracket in guide post, the setting of guide post upper end fixation Mounting plate is arranged in fixed mounting plate the upper elevator mechanisms for driving upper layer mounting bracket to lift, is separately positioned on Cutting tool installation manner The front and back cunning between Cutting tool installation manner plate and Cutting tool installation manner plate and cutter mounting frame, upper layer mounting bracket on frame and upper layer mounting bracket Motivation structure is also separately positioned on the cutter arrangement of Cutting tool installation manner plate.
CN201810128785.9A 2018-02-08 2018-02-08 Vertical clamping mechanism with horizontal moving cross beam and engraving machine with vertical clamping mechanism Active CN108357271B (en)

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CN110682717A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-01-14 福建省农球机械科技有限公司 Workpiece loading, unloading and conveying device and engraving machine with same

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CN204547103U (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-12 厦门正新实业有限公司 The automatic induced-draught fan of the inner tube of a tyre
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CN109397951A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-01 玉环圣弘法数控雕刻设备有限公司 A kind of engraving machine
CN110682717A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-01-14 福建省农球机械科技有限公司 Workpiece loading, unloading and conveying device and engraving machine with same

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