CN108355530A - 一种电镀液搅拌装置 - Google Patents

一种电镀液搅拌装置 Download PDF

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CN108355530A
CN108355530A CN201810184743.7A CN201810184743A CN108355530A CN 108355530 A CN108355530 A CN 108355530A CN 201810184743 A CN201810184743 A CN 201810184743A CN 108355530 A CN108355530 A CN 108355530A
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barrel
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李志华
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Chongqing Miao Business Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F15/00Accessories for mixers ; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F15/00824Receptacles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F11/00Mixers with shaking, oscillating, or vibrating mechanisms
    • B01F11/008Mixers with shaking, oscillating, or vibrating mechanisms the stirrers performing an oscillatory, vibratory or shaking movement
    • B01F11/0085Mixers with shaking, oscillating, or vibrating mechanisms the stirrers performing an oscillatory, vibratory or shaking movement performing a superposed additional movement other than oscillation, vibration or shaking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F11/00Mixers with shaking, oscillating, or vibrating mechanisms
    • B01F11/008Mixers with shaking, oscillating, or vibrating mechanisms the stirrers performing an oscillatory, vibratory or shaking movement
    • B01F11/0091Stirrers constructions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • B01F13/00Other mixers; Mixing plant, including combinations of mixers, e.g. of dissimilar mixers
    • B01F13/02Mixers with gas or liquid agitation, e.g. with air supply tubes
    • B01F13/0211Mixers with gas or liquid agitation, e.g. with air supply tubes comprising supplementary stirring elements
    • B01F13/0216Mixers with gas or liquid agitation, e.g. with air supply tubes comprising supplementary stirring elements the gas being introduced through the shaft of the stirring element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B01F7/0005Deformable stirrers
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • B01F7/00183Mounting of the stirring elements on the stirrer shaft with stirring elements moving with respect to the stirrer shaft, e.g. floating or comprising contracting chambers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • B01F7/00008Stirrers, i.e. rotary stirring devices
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    • B01F7/00191Mounting of the stirring elements on the stirrer shaft having two or more mixing elements being concentrically mounted on the same shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/00008Stirrers, i.e. rotary stirring devices
    • B01F7/002Mounting of the rotating mixing element in respect to the receptacle
    • B01F7/00208Mounting of the rotating mixing element in respect to the receptacle having elements for co operating with receptacle wall or bottom, e.g. for scraping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/00008Stirrers, i.e. rotary stirring devices
    • B01F7/002Mounting of the rotating mixing element in respect to the receptacle
    • B01F7/00216Mounting of the rotating mixing element in respect to the receptacle occupying substantially the whole interior space of the receptacle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/00008Stirrers, i.e. rotary stirring devices
    • B01F7/00233Configuration of the rotating mixing element
    • B01F7/0025Configuration of the rotating mixing element with arms, paddles, vanes or blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/00008Stirrers, i.e. rotary stirring devices
    • B01F7/00233Configuration of the rotating mixing element
    • B01F7/00558Configuration of the rotating mixing element provided with brushes, sieves, grids, chains or springs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • B01F7/00008Stirrers, i.e. rotary stirring devices
    • B01F7/00233Configuration of the rotating mixing element
    • B01F7/00625Multistage systems, i.e. with a plurality of mixing elements mounted in sequence on the same axis
    • B01F7/00633Multistage systems, i.e. with a plurality of mixing elements mounted in sequence on the same axis provided with a plurality of similar elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • B01F7/00658Configuration of the rotating axis
    • B01F7/00683Construction of the axis
    • B01F7/007The axis being a hollow cylinder, e.g. for feeding a component
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • B01F7/00725Connection of the rotating axis with the drive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/16Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F7/18Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • B01F15/00Accessories for mixers ; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F2015/00077Use of general mechanical engineering elements in mixing devices
    • B01F2015/00084Sealings

Abstract

本发明属于搅拌装置技术领域,具体公开了一种电镀液搅拌装置,包括外桶和转轴,转轴上转动连接有多个搅拌轴,搅拌轴上设有多个搅拌杆,外桶内壁为不规则的凹凸状,搅拌轴为中空结构并设有多个通孔,搅拌轴连接有弹性件,弹性件连接有推杆,搅拌杆与推杆铰接,通孔与搅拌杆之间设有密封圈,搅拌杆与密封圈紧贴,转轴上端连接有电机,电机横向设置,电机输出轴连接有伞齿,伞齿上侧设有齿环,齿环内部中空,齿环底部设有斜齿,齿环内部设有集气囊和排气囊,齿环外壁设有进气单向阀,集气囊一侧设有出气单向阀,软管另一端与排气囊密封连接,排气囊一侧设有排气单向阀。采用本技术方案,能提高对电镀液搅拌效果和搅拌效率高。

Description

一种电镀液搅拌装置
技术领域
[0001]本发明属于搅拌装置技术领域,尤其涉及一种电镀液搅拌装置。
背景技术
[0002] 在日常生产过程中,原料混合过程作为一种常用的生产过程,在日常生产中应用 极为广泛,大多数的产品的制造均需要用到搅拌装置。目前许多电镀为了改善镀层质量和 操作条件而采用溶液搅拌。电镀液搅拌的作用是不断更新阴极膜,因而可以在较高的沉积 速度下获得细致的镀层。搅拌同样可以用于很深的槽子,以阻止溶液分层,自始至终使溶液 浓度保持均匀。目前,最常用的搅拌方式有机械搅拌、对流搅拌、超声波搅拌等。现有较为常 用的机械搅拌装置对电镀液搅拌大多是通过电机驱动搅拌轴转动来实现搅拌,电镀液基本 是在一个平面上进行搅拌,上下电镀液之间得不到充分的搅拌,从而使得电镀液搅拌的不 够均匀,并且在搅拌过程中,电镀液很容易粘附在壳体内壁,在完成搅拌工作后需要人工清 洗搅拌机的内部,而搅拌机内部由于设有各种部件,因此难于清洗干净,而且后续清洗费时 费力。
[0003] 公开号为CN103252184的中国专利公开了一种搅拌装置,通过电机带动搅拌杆运 动,搅拌杆带动搅拌支轴旋转,同时搅拌杆配合搅拌轴上的搅拌板对壳体内的物料进行搅 拌,使得对物料搅拌的更加均匀且彻底,提高了工作效率。
[0004]但是上述方案并没有对壳体内壁粘附的物料进行刮除,并且搅拌杆上的搅拌支轴 在旋转的过程中很容易粘附上许多物料,如果不及时去除,将会增大搅拌的阻力,降低搅拌 效果。
发明内容
[0005] 本发明的目的在于提供一种搅拌效果好,搅拌效率高以及能对外桶内壁粘附的电 镀液进行清理的搅拌装置。
[0006] 为了达到上述目的,本发明的基础方案为:包括机架、外桶和与外桶底部转动连接 的转轴,转轴上转动连接有多个横向设置的搅拌轴,搅拌轴上间隔设有多个竖向设置的搅 拌杆,其中,外桶内壁为不规则的凹凸状,外桶内壁为不规则的凹凸状,所述搅拌轴为中空 结构,搅拌轴的侧壁开设有多个通孔,搅拌轴靠近转轴的一侧连接有弹性件,弹性件连接有 与外桶内壁贴合的推杆,所述搅拌杆穿过所述通孔并与推杆较接,通孔与搅拌杆之间设有 与通孔侧壁固定且密封连接的密封圈,搅拌杆与密封圈紧贴,所述转轴上端连接有电机,电 机横向设置,电机输出轴连接有伞齿,伞齿上侧设有固定在机架上的齿环,齿环内部中空, 齿环底部设有与伞齿相啮合的斜齿,齿环内部设有多个供伞齿挤压的集气囊,齿环内部还 设有与集气囊通过软管连接并能供伞齿挤压而排气的排气囊,齿环外壁设有朝向集气囊内 部的进气单向阀,集气囊一侧设有与软管一端连接的出气单向阀,软管另一端伸入排气囊 内部并与排气囊密封连接,排气囊一侧设有穿过齿环侧壁的排气单向阀,排气单向阀连接 有通入所述外桶内的底部的气管。
[0007]本基础方案的工作原理在于:启动电机,电机驱动伞齿转动,由于伞齿与固定在机 架上的齿环相啮合,且电机与转轴连接,因此伞齿在与齿环底部的斜齿啮合过程中,会以转 轴与电机之间的铰接点为中心,伞齿带动电机绕着齿环作圆周运动,使得电机在原地转动, 电机带动转轴绕其轴向转动,转轴带动搅拌轴和搅拌杆绕着转轴公转,由于搅拌轴与搅拌 杆垂直设置,使得外桶内的电镀液受到多个方向的搅拌力,因此电镀液被搅拌的更加均匀。 伞齿在绕着齿环转动的同时会对齿环内部的集气囊进行挤压,使得集气囊内部气压增大, 触发与集气囊一侧连接的出气单向阀打开,集气囊中的高压气体通过软管进入排气囊,排 气囊内部压强增大,触发与排气囊一侧连接的排气单向阀打开,高压气体通过与排气单向 阀连接的气管排出到外桶内的底部,即向外桶内的液体中吹入气体,这样有利于形成液体 搅拌的回旋现象,提高搅拌效率和搅拌效果。
[0008]由于推杆与搅拌轴之间通过弹性件连接,搅拌轴绕着转轴公转的同时,也会带动 一端与外桶内壁贴合的推杆转动,由于外桶内壁为不规则的凹凸状,推杆在运动到凸起的 内壁位置时,推杆会对弹性件进行压缩,推杆向靠近转轴的一端移动。由于搅拌杆与推杆连 接,并通过密封圈与搅拌轴侧壁的通孔连接,推杆的移动同时也会带动搅拌杆的倾斜移动。 当推杆运动到凹陷的内壁位置时,在弹性件的弹力作用下推杆带动搅拌杆下端向远离转轴 的方向摆动。因此通过推杆转动至外桶内壁的不同凹凸位置,就可使得搅拌杆不停摆动,不 仅有利于增强电镀液的搅拌效果,还能利用搅拌杆与密封圈之间的滑动,从而刮除掉搅拌 杆上的电镀液,减少搅拌杆上粘附的电镀液对搅拌造成的阻力。
[0009]本基础方案的有益效果在于:
[0010] 1 •与现有技术相比,本装置通过电机驱动伞齿转动,由于伞齿与齿环啮合,伞齿绕 着齿环转动,伞齿转动的同时,会对齿环内部的集气囊进行挤压,使得集气囊中的压缩气体 通过软管进入排气囊排出到下方的外桶内部,即向外桶内的液体中吹入气体,这样有利于 形成液体搅拌的回旋现象,提高搅拌效率和搅拌效果,与此同此,伞齿也会带动电机绕着齿 环做圆周运动,电机的转动带动转轴和与转轴连接的搅拌轴转动,这样利用了系统内的资 源,而无需另外设置驱动机构。
[0011] 2 •本装置的搅拌轴与转轴连接,转轴可带动搅拌轴和搅拌杆转动,由于搅拌轴与 搅拌杆之间垂直设置,使得外桶内的电镀液受到多个方向的搅拌力,因此电镀液被搅拌的 更加均匀。
[0012] 3•本装置将搅拌轴设为中空结构,并通过弹性件连接有与凹凸状外桶内壁相贴合 的推杆,通过搅拌轴带动推杆沿着外桶内壁转动,使得推杆与外桶内壁的不同凹凸位置接 触,在弹性件的弹力作用下,推杆带动就搅拌杆不停摆动,不仅有利于增强对电镀液的搅拌 效果,还能利用搅拌杆与密封圈之间的滑动,从而刮除掉搅拌杆上的电镀液,减少搅拌杆上 粘附的电镀液对搅拌造成的阻力。
[0013] 进一步,所述推杆远离转轴的一端连接有与外桶内壁贴合的刮板。电镀液在被搅 拌的过程中容易粘附在外桶的内壁,加上外桶内壁为不规则的凹凸状,不易清除,通过在推 杆端部设置刮板,搅拌轴在带动推杆转动的同时,刮板可较为容易的将粘附在外桶内壁的 电镀液刮除干净。
[0014] 进一步,所述密封圈由橡胶制成。橡胶具有较好的密封性可以避免外桶内的电镀 液进入到搅拌轴的中空结构内,同时也具有较好的弹力可以供搅拌杆倾斜滑动。
[0015] 进一步,所述弹性件为弹簧。弹簧的使用寿命长,价格便宜且应用广泛。
[0016] 进一步,所述刮板由具有弹性材质制成。这种弹性材质的刮板的弹性好,刮涂轻 便,刮除效率更高。
附图说明
[0017] 图1是本发明一种电镀液搅拌装置实施例的结构示意图;
[0018] 图2是外桶内部的结构示意图;
[0019] 图3是图1中A-A的俯视图。
具体实施方式
[0020] 下面通过具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细的说明:
[0021] 说明书附图1至3中的附图标记包括:电机1、伞齿2、齿环3、转轴4、搅拌轴5、搅拌杆 6、弹簧7、推杆8、刮板9、外桶10、排气囊11、集气囊12、软管13、进气单向阀14、出气单向阀 15、 密封圈16。
[0022]如图1所示,一种电镀液搅拌装置,包括机架、外桶10和设于外桶10内的转轴4,外 桶10内壁为不规则的凹凸状,转轴4上转动连接有多个横向设置的搅拌轴5,搅拌轴5与转轴 4之间垂直设置,搅拌轴5上间隔设有多个竖向设置的搅拌杆6。如图2所示,搅拌轴5为中空 结构,搅拌轴5的侧壁开设有多个通孔,搅拌轴5靠近转轴4的一侧连接有弹簧7,弹簧7连接 有推杆8,推杆8远离转轴4的一端连接有刮板9,刮板9与外桶10内壁相贴合,刮板9由具有弹 性材质制成,搅拌杆6穿过通孔并与推杆8铰接,通孔与搅拌杆6之间设有橡胶制成的密封圈 16, 密封圈16与通孔侧壁固定且密封连接,搅拌杆6与密封圈16紧贴,转轴4上端铰接有电机 1,电机1横向设置,电机1输出轴连接有伞齿2,伞齿2上侧设有固定在机架上的齿环3。如图3 所示,齿环3内部中空,齿环3底部设有与伞齿2相啮合的斜齿,齿环3内部设有多个集气囊 12,集气囊12与齿环3的内壁连接,伞齿2可对集气囊12进行挤压,齿环3内部还设有排气囊 11,排气囊11与齿环3的内壁连接,排气囊11与集气囊12通过软管13连接,伞齿2能对排气囊 11进行挤压而排出气体,齿环3外壁设有朝向集气囊12内部的进气单向阀14,集气囊12—侧 设有与软管13—端连接的出气单向阀15,软管13另一端伸入排气囊11内部并与排气囊11密 封连接,排气囊11 一侧设有排气单向阀,排气单向阀穿过齿环3侧壁,排气单向阀连接有通 入外桶10内的底部的气管。
[0023]具体实施时,启动电机1,电机1驱动伞齿2转动,由于伞齿2与固定在机架上的齿环 3相啮合,且电机1与转轴4连接,因此伞齿2在与齿环3底部的斜齿啮合过程中,会以转轴4与 电机1之间的铰接点为中心,伞齿2带动电机1绕着齿环3作圆周运动,使得电机1在原地转 动,电机1带动转轴4绕其轴向转动,转轴4带动搅拌轴5和搅拌杆6绕着转轴4公转,由于搅拌 轴5与搅拌杆6垂直设置,使得外桶10内的电镀液受到多个方向的搅拌力,因此电镀液被搅 拌的更加均匀。伞齿2在绕着齿环3转动的同时会对齿环3内部的集气囊12进行挤压,使得集 气囊12内部气压增大,触发与集气囊I2—侧连接的出气单向阀lf5打开,集气囊12中的高压 气体通过软管13进入排气囊11,排气囊11内部压强增大,触发与排气囊11 一侧连接的排气 单向阀打开,高压气体通过与排气单向阀连接的气管排出到外桶10内的底部,即向外桶1 〇 内的液体中吹入气体,这样有利于形成液体搅拌的回旋现象,提高搅拌效率和搅拌效果。
[0024] 由于推杆8与搅拌轴5乙间通过弹簧7连接,搅拌轴5绕着转轴4公转的同时,也会带 动推杆8和与推杆8连接的刮板9转动。由于外桶10内壁为不规则的凹凸状,且刮板9与外桶 10内壁贴合,刮板9在运动到凸起的内壁位置时,推杆8会对弹簧7进行压缩,推杆8向靠近转 轴4的一端移动。由于搅拌杆6与推杆8连接,并通过密封圈16与搅拌轴5侧壁的通孔连接,推 杆8的移动同时也会带动搅拌杆6的倾斜移动。当刮板9转动到凹陷的内壁位置时,在弹簧7 的弹力作用下推杆8带动搅拌杆6下端向远离转轴4的方向摆动。因此通过推杆8带动刮板9 转动至外桶10内壁的不同凹凸位置,刮板9可较为容易的将粘附在外桶10内壁的电镀液刮 除干净,并且推杆8的往复移动还可使得搅拌杆6不停摆动,这不仅有利于增强对电镀液的 搅拌效果,还能利用搅拌杆6与密封圈16之间的滑动,从而刮除掉搅拌杆6上的电镀液,减少 搅拌杆6上粘附的电镀液对搅拌造成的阻力。
[0025] 以上所述的仅是本发明的实施例,方案中公知的具体结构及特性等常识在此未作 过多描述。应当指出,对于本领域的技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明结构的前提下,还可以 作出若干变形和改进,这些也应该视为本发明的保护范围,这些都不会影响本发明实施的 效果和专利的实用性。本申请要求的保护范围应当以其权利要求的内容为准,说明书中的 具体实施方式等记载可以用于解释权利要求的内容。

Claims (5)

1. 一种电镀液搅拌装置,包括机架、外桶和与外桶底部转动连接的转轴,转轴上连接有 多个横向设置的搅拌轴,搅拌轴上间隔设有多个竖向设置的搅拌杆,其特征在于:外桶内壁 为不规则的凹凸状,所述搅拌轴为中空结构,搅拌轴的侧壁开设有多个通孔,搅拌轴靠近转 轴的一侧连接有弹性件,弹性件连接有与外桶内壁贴合的推杆,所述搅拌杆穿过所述通孔 并与推杆铰接,通孔与搅拌杆之间设有与通孔侧壁固定且密封连接的密封圈,搅拌杆与密 封圈紧贴,所述转轴上端连接有电机,电机横向设置,电机输出轴连接有伞齿,伞齿上侧设 有固定在机架上的齿环,齿环内部中空,齿环底部设有与伞齿相啮合的斜齿,齿环内部设有 多个供伞齿挤压的集气囊,齿环内部还设有与集气囊通过软管连接并能供伞齿挤压而排气 的排气囊,齿环外壁设有朝向集气囊内部的进气单向阀,集气囊一侧设有与软管一端连接 的出气单向阀,软管另一端伸入排气囊内部并与排气囊密封连接,排气囊一侧设有穿过齿 环侧壁的排气单向阀,排气单向阀连接有通入所述外桶内的底部的气管。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种搅拌装置,其特征在于:所述推杆远离转轴的一端连接有 与外筒内壁贴合的刮板。
3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种搅拌装置,其特征在于:所述密封圈由橡胶制成。
4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种搅拌装置,其特征在于:所述弹性件为弹簧。
5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种搅拌装置,其特征在于:所述刮板由具有弹性材质制成。
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