CN108353613A - A kind of carding mechanism - Google Patents

A kind of carding mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108353613A
CN108353613A CN201810112270.XA CN201810112270A CN108353613A CN 108353613 A CN108353613 A CN 108353613A CN 201810112270 A CN201810112270 A CN 201810112270A CN 108353613 A CN108353613 A CN 108353613A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
radish
carding
moving carriage
rod
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201810112270.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
Original Assignee
李翠平
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Priority to CN201810112270.XA priority Critical patent/CN108353613A/en
Publication of CN108353613A publication Critical patent/CN108353613A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D33/00Accessories for digging harvesters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D27/00Machines with both topping and lifting mechanisms

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of carding mechanisms for radish cropper,It is connect with haulage gear including moving carriage,The length direction front and back end for moving along vehicle frame is respectively disposed with Ge Ye mechanisms,Mechanism of uprooting and receiving mechanism,The front end of the Ge Ye mechanisms is provided with the carding mechanism for combing radish ditch cage,The carding mechanism includes two arc-shaped combing bars,It is described two it is arc-shaped comb bars between arranged for interval and constitute radish ditch cage by channel,It can be facilitated using above-mentioned arc-shaped combing bar and comb out by the garden radish leaf of radish plant,Facilitate and cuts cutting of the leaf mechanism for implementing to garden radish leaf using above-mentioned,To reduce the problem of Ge Ye mechanisms cause arbitrarily to cut under the random traction of haulage gear,Operating personnel drive haulage gear,It can be by observing the arc-shaped combing for combing bar to the garden radish leaf of radish plant,Clearly to observe the furrow of radish,To be conveniently operated the operation of personnel.

Description

A kind of carding mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery equipment technical fields, and in particular to a kind of carding mechanism for radish cropper.
Background technology
The nutritive value of radish is high, there is the title of the king of vegetables, since radish has stronger adaptability and save-resistant, There is plantation on a large scale in China.The plantation of radish has been the important extra earning source of vegetable cultivation rich and influential family.Radish is in reality In the recovery process of border, the mode manually harvested is mostly used greatly, since radish plant includes the Lay of the stem tuber and stretching soil in soil Fu leaves manually can be pulled out directly if if soil is more soft and drag garden radish leaf, be collected to radish to can also facilitate, however mud If soil is more hardened, generally requires and cut garden radish leaf using cutting equipment, is then taken using equipment such as spade shovels, above-mentioned people The mode not only inefficiency of work operation, but also be easy to the stem tuber of sliding trackle radish or scratch the stem tuber surface of radish, therefore it is right The long-term preservation of radish produces bigger effect;
This applicant is applied on the same day entitled《Radish cropper》Harvest equipment, which is remarkably improved to radish Efficiency of crop, above-mentioned radish cropper is during practical application, since radish mostly uses furrow cultivation in actually plantation The efficiency of radish harvest can be improved in mode in this way, however, during the plant of radish actually grows, the garden radish leaf of radish compared with To be mixed and disorderly, during haulage gear draws cropper movement, if directly garden radish leaf is sliced off and gathered in, operating personnel is very The hardly possible observation actual plant distribution situation of radish, operating personnel are in actual mechanical process, it is difficult to be made timely to haulage gear Adjustment causes the actual radish harvest process of operating personnel to have difficulties.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is:A kind of carding mechanism for radish cropper is provided, the ridge to radish can be effectively implemented Ditch is combed, and the observation of convenient working personnel improves the simple operation of operating personnel.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
Carding mechanism, including moving carriage are connect with haulage gear, move along the length direction front and back end difference of vehicle frame It is disposed with Ge Ye mechanisms, mechanism of uprooting and receiving mechanism, the front end of the Ge Ye mechanisms is provided with the comb for combing radish ditch cage Mechanism is managed, the carding mechanism includes two arc-shaped combing bars, arranged for interval and structure between described two arc-shaped combing bars At radish ditch cage by channel.
Compared with prior art, the technique effect that the present invention has is:Using above-mentioned arc-shaped combing bar can facilitate by The garden radish leaf of radish plant combs out, facilitates and cuts cutting of the leaf mechanism for implementing to garden radish leaf using above-mentioned, and leaf machine is cut to reduce The problem of structure causes arbitrarily to cut under the random traction of haulage gear, operating personnel drive haulage gear, can be justified by observing Arc combs combing of the bar to the garden radish leaf of radish plant, clearly to observe the furrow of radish, to be conveniently operated the behaviour of personnel Make.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is two kinds of viewing angle constructions schematic diagrames of radish cropper respectively;
Fig. 3 is that radish cropper removes the structural schematic diagram after Ge Ye mechanisms and carding mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram at another visual angles Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is that radish cropper removes the structural schematic diagram after Ge Ye mechanisms, carding mechanism and mechanism of uprooting;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of receiving mechanism;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram that bulk cargo mechanism and mechanism of uprooting are assemblied on subframe;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of cross bar;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of Ge Ye mechanisms and subframe assembly;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of carding mechanism and subframe assembly.
Specific implementation mode
In conjunction with Fig. 1 to Figure 10, the present invention is further described:
With reference to entire radish cropper, to be described in detail to the carding mechanism of the present invention:
Radish cropper, including moving carriage 10 are connect with haulage gear, move along the length direction front and back end of vehicle frame 10 It is respectively disposed with Ge Ye mechanisms, mechanism of uprooting and receiving mechanism, the Ge Ye mechanisms include the cutter 20 of plate level, described to cut The blade of knife 20 is towards the length direction of moving carriage 10, and the mechanism of uprooting includes that two panels opens native plate 30, and the two panels opens soil The front and back end that plate 30 moves along the length direction of vehicle frame 10 is in tilted layout, and the front end that the two panels opens native plate 30 is high, rear end is low, The two panels opens native plate 30 and arranges in "eight" shape and be big spacing end positioned at the front end of moving carriage 10, the receiving mechanism Feed end is located at the rear end arranged beneath that two panels opens native plate 30, and the discharge end of the receiving mechanism connects with the feed inlet of feed bin 40 It is logical;
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, which connect with haulage gear, under the draw of haulage gear, using cutting The cutter 20 of leaf mechanism implements the cutting to garden radish leaf, is cut off to garden radish leaf to convenient, then utilizes the two of mechanism of uprooting Piece opens native plate and opens radish plane, digs the feed inlet that the radish after opening imports receiving mechanism, collects implementation to radish to facilitate, The cropper is remarkably improved the efficiency of radish.
As the preferred embodiment of the present invention, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1 and Figure 10, the front end of the Ge Ye mechanisms is provided with for combing The carding mechanism of radish ditch cage is managed, the carding mechanism includes two arc-shaped combing bars 50, described two arc-shaped combing bars 50 Between arranged for interval and constitute radish ditch cage by channel;
Since radish is during actually planting, the mode of furrow cultivation is mostly used, the effect of radish harvest can be improved in this way Rate, however, during the plant of radish actually grows, the garden radish leaf of radish is more mixed and disorderly, and haulage gear draws the harvest During machine moves, it can be facilitated using above-mentioned arc-shaped combing bar 50 and comb out by the garden radish leaf of radish plant, facilitate profit Implement the cutting to garden radish leaf with the cutter 20 of above-mentioned Ge Ye mechanisms, to reduce the cutter 20 of Ge Ye mechanisms in haulage gear The problem of arbitrarily causing arbitrarily to cut under traction, operating personnel drive haulage gear, can be right by observing arc-shaped combing bar 50 The combing of the garden radish leaf of radish plant clearly observes the furrow of radish, to be conveniently operated the operation of personnel.
Further preferred embodiment is arranged useful in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 7 between the Ge Ye mechanisms and mechanism of uprooting In the bulk cargo mechanism of separation garden radish leaf, the bulk cargo mechanism includes bulk cargo rod 60, the roller core of the bulk cargo rod 60 it is horizontal and along The length direction of moving carriage 10 is arranged, rake material bar 61 is provided on 60 body of roll of bulk cargo rod;
After the cutter 20 of above-mentioned Ge Ye mechanisms cuts off garden radish leaf, the rake material on the bulk cargo roller 60 of bulk cargo mechanism is utilized Bar 61 can facilitate the garden radish leaf that will be cut off to dish out, and below ground is probeed into which the two panels for mechanism of conveniently uprooting opens native plate 30, with The plane of soil is opened in implementation.
Further preferred embodiment, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 7, the top that the two panels opens native plate 30 is provided with rake flitch 70, driving mechanism driving rake flitch 70 rotates, the plane of rotation of the rake flitch 70 it is vertical and with the length direction of moving carriage 10 It is parallel;
The two panels of above-mentioned mechanism of uprooting is opened after native plate 30 probes into below ground, radish is cast aside, to ensure the trailing plants after casting aside Fore-telling can smoothly import in the feed inlet of above-mentioned receiving mechanism, and radish is thrown into feed bin 40 by the outlet of receiving mechanism, to Implement the collection to radish.
Further preferred embodiment, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, the receiving mechanism includes turntable 81, the turntable 81 Disk edge is provided with more connecting rods 82, and the more connecting rods 82 are penetrated shape in rotation along the disc core of turntable 81 and arranged, the connecting rod 82 It is provided with the first blocking material frame 83 above rod end, the second blocking material frame 84, the first gear are provided with above the disc core of the turntable 81 Material frame 83 and the second blocking material frame 84 are semicircular arc, are constituted between first blocking material frame 83, the second blocking material frame 84 and turntable 81 Radish stem tuber by channel, the one end in the channel constitutes the feed inlet of receiving mechanism, the other end and the lifting machine in the channel The feed inlet of structure is connected to;
Radish with soil is thrown into the feed inlet of above-mentioned feeding mechanism by above-mentioned rake flitch 70, is actually fallen into On the turntable 81 of above-mentioned feeding mechanism, under the rotary action of turntable 81 so that radish along the first above-mentioned blocking material frame 83, It constitutes channel between second blocking material frame 84 and turntable 81 to pass through, more connecting rods 82, turntable 81 is arranged in the disk edge of above-mentioned turntable 81 During rotation, the soil on radish stem tuber is rejected so as to facilitate, and import above-mentioned lifting mechanism into In material mouth, radish is imported in above-mentioned feed bin 40 using lifting mechanism, and then implements the collection to radish stem tuber.
Further preferred embodiment, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 6, the lifting mechanism includes cage body 85, and the cage body 85 is vertical Arrangement, the upper and lower ends of the cage body 85 are respectively arranged with the first, second cross bar 86,87, first, second cross bar 86,87 It is horizontal and vertical with the length direction of moving carriage 10, it is provided with conveyer belt 88 on first, second cross bar 86,87, along The circumferential direction equidistant interval of the conveyer belt 88 is provided with multiple rake flitch 881, and the lower end of the cage body 85 constitutes feed inlet, Between first blocking material frame 83, the second blocking material frame 84 and turntable 81 constitute radish stem tuber by passage end be arranged in cage body 85 lower end side;
Under above-mentioned 81 rotary action of turntable so that radish can smoothly import above-mentioned 85 lower end of cage body, in cage body 85 Conveyer belt 88 rotation under, rake flitch 881 can promote the radish of 85 lower end of cage body, and be promoted to the upper end of cage body 85 simultaneously And it exports to feed bin 40;
Further, stand is provided in the moving carriage 10, the opening side of the feed bin 40 is hingedly arranged vertical On frame, the articulated shaft of the feed bin 40 is horizontal and vertical with the length direction of moving carriage 10, and second is provided in the stand Cylinder 42, the piston rod of second cylinder 42 is upwards and hinged with the both sides box wall of feed bin 40, the hinge of second cylinder 42 Spindle is parallel with the articulated shaft of feed bin 40, and the one side wall of the feed bin 40 is provided with opening 41, is located at the rake material of 85 upper end of cage body Plate 881 is higher than 41 arrangement of opening;
After above-mentioned hoisting mechanism imports radish stem tuber in above-mentioned feed bin 40, after the radish in feed bin 40 is full, start The lifting of feed bin 40 is got up, so that feed bin 40 is opening down, and then is facilitated radish by the second cylinder 42, the second cylinder 42 It is poured onto in the lorry wagon box of side outfit.
Further preferred embodiment, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 6, the side plate 851 that the cage body 85 is arranged by two block gaps is described The both ends of both side plate 851 and side end cover are equipped with framework 852, the both ends rotary type setting of first, second cross bar 86,87 On both side plate 851, the rib 8521 that the framework 852 is arranged by more parallel intervals is constituted, and the rib 8521 is around side The edge of plate 851 is arranged;
Lead to since above-mentioned radish stem tuber is constituted between the first blocking material frame 83, the second blocking material frame 84 and turntable 81 in channel Out-of-date, there is also a large amount of soil on possible surface, can not be discharged, above-mentioned cage to avoid soil interior into above-mentioned cage body 85 The side plate 851 and framework 852 that body 85 is arranged by two block gaps are constituted, and the muscle that framework 852 is arranged by more parallel intervals Item 8521 is constituted, under the action of harrowing flitch 881 so that radish is along the framework 852 of cage body 85 against above-mentioned radish appearance Soil can facilitate discharge cage body 85.
Further, arrangement is respectively separated on first, second cross bar 86,87, and there are two the first, second gears 861,871, the conveyer belt 88 is circumferentially positioned on the first, second gear 861,871, and the side of the rake flitch 881 passes through Connection framework 882 is connect with the outside zone face of conveyer belt 88, and the plate face of the rake flitch 881 is pressed from both sides with the frame face for connecting framework 882 Angle arranges that multiple arcs card slot 8811,8811 holding of the arc-shaped slot is arranged in another lateral plates edge of the rake flitch 881 In rib 8521;
The plate face of above-mentioned rake flitch 881 arranges that radish stem tuber is above-mentioned in importing with the frame face angle for connecting framework 882 When 85 lower end of cage body, under the action of harrowing flitch 881, to facilitate the upper end that radish stem tuber is raised to cage body 85, and it is expelled to In feed bin 40;
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 6, after radish imports above-mentioned 85 lower end of cage body, another lateral plates edge of above-mentioned rake flitch 881 Multiple arcs card slot 8811 is set, and 8811 holding of the arc-shaped slot all promotes radish to can ensure that in rib 8521 It is exported to the upper end of cage body 85, and then from the upper end outlet of cage body 85.
Specifically, the output axis connection of side plate 851 and the first gearbox 862, institute are stretched out in one end of the first crossbar 86 State the output axis connection of the input shaft and the first hydraulic motor 863 of the first gearbox 862;
The first above-mentioned hydraulic motor 863 imports hydraulic oil and is rotated to interlock above-mentioned first crossbar 86, and then interlocks Rake flitch 881 is lifted up, and then radish is promoted to the upper end of cage body 85.
Further, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 7, subframe 11, institute are hingedly provided in the moving carriage 10 State the articulated shaft level of subframe 11 and, the Ge Ye mechanism, uproot mechanism, carding machine vertical with 10 length direction of moving carriage Structure, bulk cargo mechanism, the first blocking material frame 83 and the second blocking material frame 84 are arranged on subframe 11, are arranged in the moving carriage 10 There is the first cylinder 12, the cylinder body of first cylinder 12 to be hinged in moving carriage 10, the piston rod of first cylinder 12 to Lower and hinged with subframe 11, the both ends articulated shaft of first cylinder 12 is horizontal and vertical with 10 length direction of moving carriage;
Above-mentioned rake flitch 70 is also secured on subframe 11, the first above-mentioned cylinder 12 action, so that subframe 11 rotate around articulated shaft, and then implement the adjustment to Ge Ye mechanisms, mechanism of uprooting, carding mechanism, bulk cargo mechanism height, to adapt to Different cutting, the native operation of plane, the first above-mentioned blocking material frame 83 and the second blocking material frame 84 are arranged on subframe 11, when implementing pair When the height adjustment of said mechanism, above-mentioned rake flitch 70, which can ensure that, throws radish to the first above-mentioned blocking material frame 83, the second backgauge Channel is constituted between frame 84 and turntable 81 to pass through, and avoids the problem that causing since above-mentioned receiving mechanism is connected with rake flitch 70 Radish pops up from composition channel between the first above-mentioned blocking material frame 83, the second blocking material frame 84 and turntable 81;
The side of the first above-mentioned cylinder 12 is provided with gag lever post 13, and above-mentioned 13 lower end of gag lever post is cut with scissors with subframe 11 It connects, the articulated shaft of the gag lever post 13 is horizontal and vertical with 10 length direction of moving carriage, and the upper end of the gag lever post 13 is stretched out Moving carriage 10 connects, and multiple through-holes are arranged at intervals on above-mentioned 13 shaft of gag lever post, spacer pin are arranged in through-hole, to real Now to the control of 12 stroke of the first cylinder, and then realize to Ge Ye mechanisms, mechanism of uprooting, carding mechanism, bulk cargo mechanism height Quantitative adjusting;
Above-mentioned turntable 81 and the output axis connection for turning to terminal pad 811, the input shaft for turning to terminal pad 811 and company Spindle 812 connects, the other end of the connecting shaft 812 and the output axis connection of gearbox 814, the input of the gearbox 814 The output axis connection of axis and hydraulic motor 813;
The front end of above-mentioned moving carriage 10 is hingedly provided with draw bar 14, and the articulated shaft of the draw bar 14 is vertical, institute The front end for stating draw bar 14 is connect with haulage gear, and adjustment cylinder is provided between above-mentioned draw bar 14 and moving carriage 10 15, the both ends of the adjustment cylinder 15 are hinged with draw bar 14 and moving carriage 10 respectively and articulated shaft is vertical, by above-mentioned Adjustment cylinder 15 can implement the adjustment to moving carriage 10 and haulage gear direction of advance, when the end for advancing to cage needs When head, realization can be facilitated to turn around to operate to entire radish cropper.
More specifically, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 7, the two panels opens the lower end that native plate 30 is separately fixed at the first frame body 31, institute The upper end for stating two first frame bodies 31 is rotated respectively on setting cross bar 33, the length direction level and and moving carriage of the cross bar 33 10 length directions are vertical, and the cross bar 33 includes central segment 331, and the both ends eccentric setting of the central segment 331 has connection rod segment 332, eccentric setting has shaft section 333, the shaft section of 332 end of the connection rod segment respectively for the end of the connection rod segment 332 333 same cores arrange that the shaft section 333 is distinguished rotary type and is arranged on subframe 11, is arranged respectively in the connection rod segment 332 There is sliding sleeve 32, is provided with bearing between the sliding sleeve 32 and connection rod segment 332, the upper end of described two first frame bodies 31 is fixed respectively On the outer wall of sliding sleeve 32, connecting rod 34, the connecting rod 34 are respectively arranged between first frame body 31 and subframe 11 Both ends articulated connection, the both ends articulated shaft of the connecting rod 34 is horizontal and vertical with 10 length direction of moving carriage;
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, actuating unit drives above-mentioned cross bar 33 to rotate, and above-mentioned cross bar 33 is by central segment 331, it connects rod segment 332 and shaft section 333 is constituted, during above-mentioned cross bar 33 rotates so that the first frame body 31 is located at connection The posture to swing back and forth is presented in rod segment 332, so that two panels opens the wagging gesture of the presentation of native plate 30 one in front and one in back, in turn It can facilitate and push the radish in cage from soil aside, be stretched into soil first with above-mentioned a piece of native plate 30 of opening, to implement To the excavation of the radish of the side in cage, then opens native plate 30 and stretch into soil for above-mentioned another, to can avoid monoblock type Movement caused by radish plane split or the problem of epidermis scratches, and then ensure the quality of radish after excavating, radish is mined out Afterwards, it imports between the first above-mentioned blocking material frame 83, the second blocking material frame 84 and turntable 81 and constitutes in channel, in the rotation of turntable 81 Under effect, it can facilitate and import radish in above-mentioned feed bin 40.
Specifically, one end of the cross bar 33 is provided with driven gear 334, and the driven gear 334 passes through belt and drive Moving gear 335 connects, the output axis connection of the driving gear 335 and the second hydraulic motor 336, second hydraulic motor 336 are fixed on subframe 11.
More specifically, to avoid the rake flitch 70 of rotation that radish is dished out, the feed end of the receiving mechanism is opened with described Backgauge disk 90 is provided between native plate 30,90 disk of backgauge disk is vertical and disc core and the output shaft of third hydraulic motor 91 connect It connects, the third hydraulic motor 91 is fixed on subframe 11;
The backgauge disk 90 of above-mentioned rotation by the radish raised import the first above-mentioned blocking material frame 83, the second blocking material frame 84 with And constituted in channel between turntable 81, to export radish to elevating mechanism.
To ensure to cause to throw to above-mentioned channel by problem, the rake flitch 70 is fixed on the on the second frame body 71 On the output shaft of four hydraulic motors 72, second frame body 71 constitutes the cooperation of vertical direction position adjustable with subframe 11, on Strip-shaped hole is provided on the second frame body 71 stated, strip-shaped hole is vertical and is provided with bolt, to realize consolidating to the second frame body 71 It is fixed.
More specifically, the bulk cargo rod 60 is fixed on the output shaft of the 5th hydraulic motor 63 on third frame body 62, The lower end of the third frame body 62 is provided with two cantilevers, and the bulk cargo rod 60 is located at the projecting end arrangement of two cantilevers, described The roller core line of two bulk cargo rods 60 is vertical with 10 length direction of moving carriage and spacing is adjustable, the upper end of the third frame body 62 with Subframe 11 constitutes the cooperation of vertical direction position adjustable;
Above-mentioned bulk cargo rod 60 is located at the both sides setting of 10 travel path of moving carriage, the cutter 20 of above-mentioned Ge Ye mechanisms Garden radish leaf is cut off, the garden radish leaf cut off is scattered in 10 action path of moving carriage, can be square using two above-mentioned bulk cargo rollers 60 Just the garden radish leaf in 10 action path of moving carriage is exported, and then is conveniently operated the observation operation of personnel;
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 7, rake material bar 61 is two slat gum items on above-mentioned 60 body of roll of bulk cargo rod, and one end of rake material bar 61 turns Dynamic formula is arranged on the turntable of bulk cargo rod 60 and shaft is parallel with the length direction of moving carriage 10, is set on above-mentioned bulk cargo rod 60 It is equipped with the connecting rod of connection rake material bar 61, it is above-mentioned to interlock during the 5th hydraulic motor 63 drives bulk cargo roller 60 to rotate Rake material bar 61 state of rotation is presented, and then facilitate to shed garden radish leaf and come, the observation of convenient working personnel.
More specifically, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 9, the cutter 20 is fixed on the lower end of the 4th frame body 21, the 4th frame body Grate plate 22 is provided on 21, the grate plate 22 is made of the slide plate of multiple parallel arrangements, and the gap between the slide plate constitutes Lay Fu leaves by channel, the upper end of the 4th frame body 21, which is provided with, adjusts lead screw 211, the adjustings lead screw 211 vertically and with Subframe 11 constitutes feed screw nut's cooperation, and the side of the 4th frame body 21 is arranged in parallel with the 5th frame body 23, the 5th frame The upper end of body 23 constitutes the cooperation of vertical direction position adjustable with subframe 11, between the 4th frame body 21 and the 5th frame body 23 It is provided with first connecting rod 231, the first connecting rod 231 is located at vertical direction and is arranged at intervals with two, the first connecting rod 231 Both ends are hinged with the 4th frame body 21 and the 5th frame body 23 respectively, the articulated shaft at 231 both ends of the first connecting rod it is horizontal and with movement 10 length direction of vehicle frame is vertical;
Above-mentioned grate plate 22 is located at the front end setting of cutter 20, and grate plate 22 is made of multiple slide plate parallel intervals, above-mentioned Garden radish leaf can implement the combing to garden radish leaf by above-mentioned channel, and then above-mentioned cutter 20 is facilitated to cut off garden radish leaf, really The accuracy for protecting garden radish leaf cutting, is conveniently operated the observation of personnel;
Above-mentioned adjusting lead screw 211 is vertical and constitutes feed screw nut's cooperation with subframe 11, can be by adjusting adjusting lead screw 211 collapsing length, to realize the adjustment to 21 collapsing length of the 4th frame body, the 4th above-mentioned frame body 21 and the 5th frame body 23 with Parallelogram sturcutre is constituted between two first connecting rods 231, the adjustment implemented to 20 height of cutter, above-mentioned adjusting silk can be facilitated Bar 211 constitutes the limit to above-mentioned 21 stroke of the 4th frame body.
More specifically, in conjunction with shown in Figure 10, the arc-shaped lower end for combing bar 50 and being fixed on movable frame body 51 is described The stage casing rotary type of movable frame body 51 be arranged the lower end of the 6th frame body 52 and shaft it is parallel with 10 length direction of moving carriage, institute The side for stating the 6th frame body 52 is provided with the 7th frame body 53, and upper end and the subframe 11 of the 7th frame body 53 constitute vertical direction Position adjustable coordinates, and second connecting rod 54 is provided between the 7th frame body 53 and 52 holder of the 6th frame body, and described second connects Bar 54 is located at vertical direction and is arranged at intervals with two, the both ends of the second connecting rod 54 respectively with the 6th frame body 52 and the 7th frame body 53 is hinged, and the articulated shaft at 54 both ends of the second connecting rod is horizontal and, seventh frame body vertical with 10 length direction of moving carriage Telescopic rod 55 is provided on 53, the telescopic rod 55 is vertical and lower end is hinged with the 7th frame body 53, and the telescopic rod 55 is hinged Axis is parallel with the articulated shaft at 54 both ends of second connecting rod, and support plate is provided on the 6th frame body 52, and the support plate is set in flexible On bar 55, the rod end of the telescopic rod 55 is fixed with stop collar 551, and support spring 56 is arranged on the telescopic rod 55, described The upper and lower side of support spring 56 is respectively with stop collar 551 and support plate upper face against the upper end of the 6th frame body 52 is provided with Two sensors 521, two sensors 521 are horizontal and parallel with 10 length direction of moving carriage, the activity frame body 51 it is upper End is provided with baffle 511, and two shrapnels 522 are provided on the 6th frame body 52, and the stage casing setting of the activity frame body 51 is limited For position plate 512 between two shrapnels 522, the lower end of the 6th frame body 52 is provided with two limit lead screws 5233, two limit 5233 length direction of lead screw is horizontal and vertical with 10 length direction of moving carriage, and the two limits lead screw 523 is located at movable frame body 51 both sides arrangement;
The upper end level overhanging of 7th frame body 53 has crossbeam 531, the lower end of the crossbeam 531 to be provided with opening 5311, the length direction of the opening 5311 is horizontal, and the front end rotary type of the crossbeam 531 is arranged on subframe 11, described The shaft of crossbeam 531 is horizontal and vertical with 10 length direction of moving carriage, and the front end of the subframe 11 is resisted against opening 5311 Upside plate face on, to implement to the rotary spacing of crossbeam 531, above-mentioned the 7th frame body 53 is as both ends formula grafting knot Structure, can be by adjusting the length of the 7th frame body 53, to realize the adjustment to 53 collapsing length of the 7th frame body, when above-mentioned circular arc When shape combing bar 50 bears the stone or other rigid components of lower section, upper end and the subframe 11 of the 7th above-mentioned frame body 53 are cut with scissors It connects, to realize effective evacuation to the stone, avoids the serious slash of the arc-shaped appearance for combing bar 50 curved or fracture to ask Topic.
Between the 6th above-mentioned frame body 52 and the 7th frame body 53 parallelogram knot is connected as by two second connecting rods 54 Structure, and telescopic rod 55 is provided on the 7th above-mentioned frame body 53, telescopic rod interts to the support plate on the 6th frame body 52, is stretching Spring 56 is set on contracting bar 55, using the resilient support of spring 56 so that arc-shaped combing bar 50 in reality to cage In carding process, the swing of elasticity can be realized, and realization can also be facilitated to reset, when above-mentioned arc-shaped combing bar 50 touches When stone or convex block, volume is bent caused by avoiding the arc-shaped stress for combing bar 50, when above-mentioned arc-shaped combing bar 50 touches And radish stem tuber when, avoid it is arc-shaped comb bar 50 and radish stem tuber rigid contact, cause the scuffing to radish epidermis or section Disconnected injury;
The stage casing rotary type of above-mentioned movable frame body 51 is arranged in the lower end of the 6th frame body 52, when arc-shaped combing bar 50 touches And when harder stone, when the stress that movable frame body 51 is born skims two shrapnels 522 curved, and make 51 upper end of movable frame body After baffle 511 is located in one of the front end of sensor 521, that is, illustrate that the stress that arc-shaped combing bar 50 is born is larger, if Moving carriage 10 continues to move ahead, and may be such that arc-shaped 50 bending of combing bar or skims disconnected, you can trigger sensor 521, sensing Device 521 acts so that the problem of pulling equipment is alarmed or shut down, and the personnel of being conveniently operated get off to arc-shaped combing 50 fabric of bar It is checked, facilitates discharge obstacle;
Two above-mentioned limit lead screws 5233 can realize the support to 52 both sides of the 6th frame body, to realize to movable frame body 51 The limit of rotation, avoiding arc-shaped combing bar 50 from bearing excessive power leads to bending or skims curved problem.
The rear end of the moving carriage 10 is additionally provided with crushing knife 101, one of the commutator 104 of the crushing knife 101 Export axis connection, the other end output shaft of the commutator 104 is connect with dispersion roller 102, the input shaft of the commutator 104 and The roller core of the output axis connection of hydraulic motor, the dispersion roller 102 is parallel with the length direction of moving carriage 10, the commutator 104 rotary types are arranged on holder and shaft is parallel with the length direction of moving carriage 10, the commutator 104 and cylinder 103 Piston rod it is hinged, the cylinder body and moving carriage 10 of the cylinder 103 are hinged, 103 both ends articulated shaft of the cylinder and locomotive The length direction of frame 10 is parallel, by starting cylinder 103, so that crushing knife 101 and ground are close, and then implements to radish Garden radish leaf powder after crushing is shed using dispersion roller 102 and is come by the crushing of leaf.

Claims (8)

1. carding mechanism, it is characterised in that:It is connect with haulage gear including moving carriage (10), moves along the length of vehicle frame (10) Degree direction front and back end is respectively disposed with Ge Ye mechanisms, mechanism of uprooting and receiving mechanism, and the front end setting of the Ge Ye mechanisms is useful In the carding mechanism for combing radish ditch cage, the carding mechanism includes two arc-shaped combing bars (50), described two arc-shaped combs Manage arranged for interval between bar (50) and constitute radish ditch cage by channel.
2. carding mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is hingedly provided with secondary vehicle on the moving carriage (10) The articulated shaft of frame (11), the subframe (11) is horizontal and vertical with moving carriage (10) length direction, and the Ge Ye mechanisms are dug Root mechanism and carding mechanism are arranged on subframe (11), and the first cylinder (12), institute are provided on the moving carriage (10) The cylinder body for stating the first cylinder (12) is hinged in moving carriage (10), the piston rod of first cylinder (12) downwards and with secondary vehicle Frame (11) is hinged, and the both ends articulated shaft of first cylinder (12) is horizontal and vertical with moving carriage (10) length direction.
3. carding mechanism according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The arc-shaped combing bar (50) is fixed on adjustable shelf The stage casing rotary type of the lower end of body (51), the activity frame body (51) is arranged in the lower end of the 6th frame body (52) and shaft and movement Vehicle frame (10) length direction is parallel, and the side of the 6th frame body (52) is provided with the 7th frame body (53), the 7th frame body (53) upper end constitutes the cooperation of vertical direction position adjustable, the 7th frame body (53) and the 6th frame body with subframe (11) (52) second connecting rod (54) is provided between holder, the second connecting rod (54) is located at vertical direction and is arranged at intervals with two, institute The both ends for stating second connecting rod (54) are hinged with the 6th frame body (52) and the 7th frame body (53) respectively, second connecting rod (54) both ends Articulated shaft it is horizontal and vertical with moving carriage (10) length direction.
4. carding mechanism according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:It is provided with telescopic rod on 7th frame body (53) (55), the telescopic rod (55) is vertical and lower end and the 7th frame body (53) are hinged, the articulated shaft and second of the telescopic rod (55) The articulated shaft at connecting rod (54) both ends is parallel, and support plate is provided on the 6th frame body (52), and the support plate is set in telescopic rod (55) on, the rod end of the telescopic rod (55) is fixed with stop collar (551), and support spring is arranged on the telescopic rod (55) (56), the upper and lower side of the support spring (56) respectively with stop collar (551) and support plate upper face against.
5. carding mechanism according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The upper end of 6th frame body (52) is provided with two biographies Sensor (521), the two sensors (521) are horizontal and parallel with moving carriage (10) length direction, the activity frame body (51) Upper end be provided with baffle (511), the plate face of the baffle (511) and the test side of two sensors (521) are opposite or separate.
6. carding mechanism according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:It is provided with two shrapnels on 6th frame body (52) (522), the stage casing of the movable frame body (51) is provided with limiting plate (512) between two shrapnels (522).
7. carding mechanism according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The lower end of 6th frame body (52) is provided with two limits Position lead screw (523), described two limits lead screw (523) length direction is horizontal and vertical with moving carriage (10) length direction, described Two limit lead screws (523) are located at the both sides arrangement of movable frame body (51).
8. a kind of radish cropper, it is characterised in that:Including the carding mechanism described in any one of claim 1~7.
CN201810112270.XA 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of carding mechanism Withdrawn CN108353613A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810112270.XA CN108353613A (en) 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of carding mechanism

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810112270.XA CN108353613A (en) 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of carding mechanism

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0346725A1 (en) * 1988-06-15 1989-12-20 Franz Kleine Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. Harvester for reaping root crops, especially sugar beets
DE3935768A1 (en) * 1989-10-24 1991-04-25 Kleine Franz Maschf Sugar-beet harvesting machine - has hydraulically actuated height adjustment mechanism
CN200969750Y (en) * 2006-09-07 2007-11-07 李凤咏 Plant rootstock harvester
CN104380906A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-04 浙江大学 Mechanical carrot harvesting system
CN205099816U (en) * 2015-09-26 2016-03-23 杭州圣玛特毛绒有限公司 Carding system on carding machine
CN205546559U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-09-07 马源 Corn harvester

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0346725A1 (en) * 1988-06-15 1989-12-20 Franz Kleine Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. Harvester for reaping root crops, especially sugar beets
DE3935768A1 (en) * 1989-10-24 1991-04-25 Kleine Franz Maschf Sugar-beet harvesting machine - has hydraulically actuated height adjustment mechanism
CN200969750Y (en) * 2006-09-07 2007-11-07 李凤咏 Plant rootstock harvester
CN104380906A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-04 浙江大学 Mechanical carrot harvesting system
CN205099816U (en) * 2015-09-26 2016-03-23 杭州圣玛特毛绒有限公司 Carding system on carding machine
CN205546559U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-09-07 马源 Corn harvester

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
风与枫寻: "甜菜收获机械", 《沐风网》 *

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