CN108339835A - A kind of classification retracting device of building waste - Google Patents

A kind of classification retracting device of building waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108339835A
CN108339835A CN201810152574.9A CN201810152574A CN108339835A CN 108339835 A CN108339835 A CN 108339835A CN 201810152574 A CN201810152574 A CN 201810152574A CN 108339835 A CN108339835 A CN 108339835A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
discharge port
building waste
shell
plane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810152574.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈良培
Original Assignee
陈良培
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陈良培 filed Critical 陈良培
Priority to CN201810152574.9A priority Critical patent/CN108339835A/en
Publication of CN108339835A publication Critical patent/CN108339835A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B7/00Combinations of wet processes or apparatus with other processes or apparatus, e.g. for dressing ores or garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of classification retracting devices of building waste, including utility box, the utility box bottom is provided with inclined plane part, the transmission belt that is magnetic is installed on inclined plane part, the utility box side wall being connect with inclined plane part top offers the first discharge port, the utility box side wall being connect with inclined plane part bottom end offers the second discharge port, side wall at the top of utility box offers third discharge port, it is provided with scraper plate on the outside of first discharge port, the first material storing box is provided with below first discharge port, it is provided with disintegrating mechanism below second discharge port, the second material storing box is provided with below third discharge port, it is provided with water inlet pipe and feed pipe at the top of utility box, agitating paddle is installed in utility box, first material storing box, disintegrating mechanism and the second material storing box bottom are connected with return pipe, return pipe is connect by water pump with utility box.The present invention can improve the deficiencies in the prior art, improve the airborne dust inhibition of shattering process, improve crushing efficiency.

Description

A kind of classification retracting device of building waste
Technical field
The present invention relates to building waste processing technology field, the classification retracting device of especially a kind of building waste.
Background technology
With the continuous quickening of Urbanization in China, a large amount of building waste is produced in Process of Urban Development.Building Rubbish generally comprises the combustibles such as sawdust, waste paper, and material can directly be utilized by further including timber, metal, plastics etc., be additionally included Build roach and broken concrete, brick.If building waste directly to be abandoned to burial, environment can not only be impacted, Serious waste is produced to resource.103264043 B of Chinese invention patent CN disclose a kind of building waste sorter and its Categorizing system realizes the classification sorting of building waste.But this sorter is crushed to concrete and brick rubbish When will produce more airborne dust, and treatment effeciency is relatively low.
Invention content
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of classification retracting devices of building waste, can solve the prior art Deficiency improves the airborne dust inhibition of shattering process, improves crushing efficiency.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows.
A kind of classification retracting device of building waste, including utility box, the utility box bottom are provided with inclined plane part, inclined-plane The transmission belt that is magnetic is installed, the utility box side wall being connect with inclined plane part top offers the first discharge port, with inclined plane part bottom in portion The utility box side wall of end connection offers the second discharge port, and the side wall at the top of utility box offers third discharge port, the first discharging It is provided with scraper plate on the outside of mouthful, the first material storing box is provided with below the first discharge port, crushing is provided with below the second discharge port Mechanism is provided with the second material storing box below third discharge port, is provided with water inlet pipe and feed pipe at the top of utility box, in utility box Agitating paddle is installed, the first material storing box, disintegrating mechanism and the second material storing box bottom are connected with return pipe, return pipe by water pump with Utility box connects.
Preferably, the disintegrating mechanism includes shell, one end of shell is connect by delivery pipe with the second discharge port, shell The other end of body is connected to return pipe by discharge zone, is provided with the first filter screen between shell and discharge zone, discharge zone with return The second filter screen is provided between water pipe, the side walls of shell are provided with crushing substrate, crush and are provided with tup above substrate, Tup is driven by motor and carries out periodical hammering to crushing substrate.
Preferably, several truncated cone-shaped housings have been bolted in the crushing substrate bottom surface, truncated cone-shaped housing Top diameter is more than base diameter, and the lateral wall of truncated cone-shaped housing is fixed with the first grinding block, is fixed on the inside of truncated cone-shaped housing Supporting rod, supporting rod bottom are connected with rotary shaft by second spring body, and mill ball is socketed in rotary shaft, and grinding ball surface is solid Surely there is the second grinding block.
Preferably, the surface setting of first grinding block is fluted.
Preferably, the side wall of the shell is provided with sleeve, crushes substrate edges and be fixed with inserted link, be provided in sleeve First spring body, inserted link are plugged in the first spring body, and sleeve lining is provided with sealing ring.
Preferably, being equipped with eccentric wheel on the motor, tup is connected by hydraulic cylinder on eccentric wheel.
Preferably, the tup is connected with hydraulic cylinder by rubber bushing.
It is using advantageous effect caused by above-mentioned technical proposal:The present invention use buoyancy sorting mode, to proportion compared with Reinforcing bar rubbish, the concrete rubbish of weight are detached with sawdust, plastic garbage.After utility box water filling, the small rubbish drift of proportion It floats on the surface, is discharged by third discharge port, and heavy rubbish sinks under water, and falls in magnetic transmission belt, reinforcing bar rubbish Rubbish is attracted in magnetic transmission belt, is discharged from the first discharge port under the drive of magnetic transmission belt, does not have magnetic concrete Rubbish drops down onto the second discharge port in self gravitation effect downslide, and processing is crushed into disintegrating mechanism.The water of whole system provides Source is realized and is recycled, and the conveying of rubbish is driven using the flowing of flow.Flow is in disintegrating mechanism internal circulation flow, not only in fact Smooth conveying of the concrete rubbish in disintegrating mechanism is showed, and can have to the airborne dust of concrete rubbish crushing process Effect inhibits.The disintegrating mechanism of the present invention has abandoned traditional ball mill and beater grinder, by the way that movable crushing substrate is arranged, It realizes that tup is not direct to contact with concrete rubbish, indirect extrusion crushing is carried out by crushing substrate.Which not only improves crushing Efficiency, and can require to replace truncated cone-shaped housing according to crushing, convenient for safeguarding.When crushing substrate pushing, truncated cone-shaped Housing is utilized respectively the first grinding block and mill ball and carries out attrition crushing to concrete rubbish.First grinding block is used for truncated cone-shaped Bulk rubbish on the outside of housing carries out attrition crushing, and the rubbish of small volume is followed with the flowing of flow in disintegrating mechanism Ring moves, and when entering truncated cone-shaped jacket internal, mill ball is contacted with rubbish, and as the pushing of truncated cone-shaped housing is realized Further crushing for fritter rubbish.Mill ball is installed on the rotary shaft, and the loopy moving of rubbish is convenient for, and improves grinding effect Rate.Groove can improve the extruding contact area of the first grinding block and rubbish, to improve grinding efficiency.First spring body can be with It realizes and crushes automatically reseting for substrate, to improve the rubbish conveying capacity crushed below substrate, sealing ring can be broken to avoid rubbish Bits, which enter, crushes substrate clamping stagnation caused by sleeve.Hydraulic cylinder can be adjusted the hammering positions of tup, to as needed Change hammer force degree.Rubber bushing can play the role of protecting hydraulic cylinder and motor.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of a specific implementation mode of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of disintegrating mechanism in a specific implementation mode of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structure chart that substrate is crushed in a specific implementation mode of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of the second grinding block in a specific implementation mode of the invention.
In figure:1, utility box;2, inclined plane part;3, magnetic transmission belt;4, the first discharge port;5, the second discharge port;6, third Discharge port;7, scraper plate;8, the first material storing box;9, disintegrating mechanism;10, the second material storing box;11, water inlet pipe;12, feed pipe;13, it stirs Mix paddle;14, return pipe;15, shell;16, delivery pipe;17, the first filter screen;18, substrate is crushed;19, tup;20, discharge zone; 21, the second filter screen;22, bolt;23, truncated cone-shaped housing;24, the first grinding block;25, supporting rod;26, second spring body;27、 Rotary shaft;28, mill ball;29, the second grinding block;30, groove;31, sleeve;32, inserted link;33, the first spring body;34, it seals Circle;35, motor;36, eccentric wheel;37, hydraulic cylinder;38, rubber bushing;39, water pump;40, cone;41, helicla flute;42, coarse Layer.
Specific implementation mode
Referring to Fig.1-4, a specific implementation mode of the invention includes utility box 1, and 1 bottom of the utility box is provided with inclined-plane Portion 2, on inclined plane part 2 installation be magnetic transmission belt 3,1 side wall of utility box being connect with 2 top of inclined plane part offers the first discharge port 4,1 side wall of utility box being connect with 2 bottom end of inclined plane part offers the second discharge port 5, and the side wall at 1 top of utility box offers third Discharge port 6,4 outside of the first discharge port are provided with scraper plate 7, and the lower section of the first discharge port 4 is provided with the first material storing box 8, and second goes out The lower section of material mouth 5 is provided with disintegrating mechanism 9, and the lower section of third discharge port 6 is provided with the second material storing box 10, and 1 top of utility box is set It is equipped with water inlet pipe 11 and feed pipe 12, agitating paddle 13 is installed in utility box 1, the first material storing box 8, disintegrating mechanism 9 and second store up 10 bottom of hopper is connected with return pipe 14, and return pipe 14 is connect by water pump 39 with utility box 1.Disintegrating mechanism 9 includes shell 15, One end of shell 15 is connect by delivery pipe 16 with the second discharge port 5, and the other end of shell 15 is connected to back by discharge zone 20 Water pipe 14 is provided with the first filter screen 17 between shell 15 and discharge zone 20, is provided between discharge zone 20 and return pipe 14 Two filter screens 21, the side walls of shell 15, which are provided with, crushes substrate 18, crushes 18 top of substrate and is provided with tup 19, tup 19 It is driven by motor 35 and carries out periodical hammering to crushing substrate 18.It crushes 18 underrun bolt 22 of substrate and is connected with several Truncated cone-shaped housing 23, the top diameter of truncated cone-shaped housing 23 are more than base diameter, and the lateral wall of truncated cone-shaped housing 23 is fixed with the One grinding block 24,23 inside of truncated cone-shaped housing are fixed with supporting rod 25, and 25 bottom of supporting rod is connected with by second spring body 26 Rotary shaft 27 is socketed with mill ball 28 in rotary shaft 27, and 28 surface of mill ball is fixed with the second grinding block 29.First grinding block 24 Surface setting fluted 30.The side wall of shell 15 is provided with sleeve 31, crushes 18 edge of substrate and is fixed with inserted link 32, sleeve 31 It is inside provided with the first spring body 33, inserted link 32 is plugged in the first spring body 33, and 31 inner wall of sleeve is provided with sealing ring 34.Motor Eccentric wheel 36 is installed on 35, passes through the connection tup 19 of hydraulic cylinder 37 on eccentric wheel 36.Tup 19 passes through rubber with hydraulic cylinder 37 Bushing 38 is connected.
In addition, in order to improve the grinding effect of mill ball 28, special design has been carried out to the second grinding block 29.Second grinding Block 29 includes cone 40, and 40 surface of cone is provided with helicla flute 41, and 41 bottom of helicla flute is provided with rough layer 42.Helicla flute 41 can With improve flow 40 surface flow of cone speed, to improve the speed that small size rubbish recycles on mill ball 28.
The present invention can provide environmental protection, efficient building waste classification recycling solution, have good promotion prospect.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is based on attached drawing institute The orientation or positional relationship shown is merely for convenience of the description present invention, does not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must There must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of classification retracting device of building waste, including utility box(1), it is characterised in that:The utility box(1)Bottom is set It is equipped with inclined plane part(2), inclined plane part(2)It is upper that the transmission belt that is magnetic is installed(3), with inclined plane part(2)The utility box of top connection(1)Side Wall offers the first discharge port(4), with inclined plane part(2)The utility box of bottom end connection(1)Side wall offers the second discharge port(5), Utility box(1)The side wall at top offers third discharge port(6), the first discharge port(4)Outside is provided with scraper plate(7), first goes out Material mouth(4)Lower section be provided with the first material storing box(8), the second discharge port(5)Lower section be provided with disintegrating mechanism(9), third goes out Material mouth(6)Lower section be provided with the second material storing box(10), utility box(1)Top is provided with water inlet pipe(11)And feed pipe(12), Utility box(1)Agitating paddle is inside installed(13), the first material storing box(8), disintegrating mechanism(9)With the second material storing box(10)Bottom connects There is return pipe(14), return pipe(14)Pass through water pump(39)With utility box(1)Connection.
2. the classification retracting device of building waste according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The disintegrating mechanism(9)Packet Include shell(15), shell(15)One end pass through delivery pipe(16)With the second discharge port(5)Connection, shell(15)The other end it is logical Cross discharge zone(20)It is connected to return pipe(14), shell(15)The discharge zone and(20)Between be provided with the first filter screen(17), go out Expect area(20)With return pipe(14)Between be provided with the second filter screen(21), shell(15)Side walls be provided with crushing substrate (18), crush substrate(18)Top is provided with tup(19), tup(19)Pass through motor(35)It drives to crushing substrate(18)Into Row periodically hammering.
3. the classification retracting device of building waste according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The crushing substrate(18)Bottom Face passes through bolt(22)It is connected with several truncated cone-shaped housings(23), truncated cone-shaped housing(23)Top diameter be more than bottom it is straight Diameter, truncated cone-shaped housing(23)Lateral wall be fixed with the first grinding block(24), truncated cone-shaped housing(23)Inside is fixed with supporting rod (25), supporting rod(25)Bottom passes through second spring body(26)It is connected with rotary shaft(27), rotary shaft(27)On be socketed with grinding Ball(28), mill ball(28)Surface is fixed with the second grinding block(29).
4. the classification retracting device of building waste according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:First grinding block(24) Surface setting it is fluted(30).
5. the classification retracting device of building waste according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The shell(15)Side wall It is provided with sleeve(31), crush substrate(18)Edge is fixed with inserted link(32), sleeve(31)Inside it is provided with the first spring body(33), Inserted link(32)It is plugged on the first spring body(33)It is interior, sleeve(31)Inner wall is provided with sealing ring(34).
6. the classification retracting device of building waste according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The motor(35)Upper installation There is eccentric wheel(36), eccentric wheel(36)On pass through hydraulic cylinder(37)Connect tup(19).
7. the classification retracting device of building waste according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The tup(19)With hydraulic pressure Cylinder(37)Pass through rubber bushing(38)It is connected.
CN201810152574.9A 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 A kind of classification retracting device of building waste Pending CN108339835A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810152574.9A CN108339835A (en) 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 A kind of classification retracting device of building waste

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810152574.9A CN108339835A (en) 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 A kind of classification retracting device of building waste

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108339835A true CN108339835A (en) 2018-07-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5890663A (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-04-06 Duos Engineering (Usa), Inc. Process for recovering perrous values from municipal solid waste
JP2003127141A (en) * 2001-10-29 2003-05-08 Komatsu Ltd Sorting treatment apparatus for waste plastics and sorting treatment method using the same
CN205146314U (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-04-13 同济大学浙江学院 Construction waste crusher
CN206083389U (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-04-12 甘肃平安节能环保有限责任公司 Solid waste sorts equipment
CN107116090A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-09-01 苏加强 A kind of building waste classification apparatus for crushing and treating
CN107350044A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-17 四川弘毅智慧知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of efficiency crushing device for having double speed bounce-back plate
CN206676430U (en) * 2017-04-30 2017-11-28 赵炳� A kind of building rubbish treatment device
CN107469940A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-15 郑州大学 A kind of building waste double crushing screening plant

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5890663A (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-04-06 Duos Engineering (Usa), Inc. Process for recovering perrous values from municipal solid waste
JP2003127141A (en) * 2001-10-29 2003-05-08 Komatsu Ltd Sorting treatment apparatus for waste plastics and sorting treatment method using the same
CN205146314U (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-04-13 同济大学浙江学院 Construction waste crusher
CN206083389U (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-04-12 甘肃平安节能环保有限责任公司 Solid waste sorts equipment
CN206676430U (en) * 2017-04-30 2017-11-28 赵炳� A kind of building rubbish treatment device
CN107116090A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-09-01 苏加强 A kind of building waste classification apparatus for crushing and treating
CN107350044A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-17 四川弘毅智慧知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of efficiency crushing device for having double speed bounce-back plate
CN107469940A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-15 郑州大学 A kind of building waste double crushing screening plant

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