CN108332185A - A kind of biomass surely fires power generation installation system - Google Patents

A kind of biomass surely fires power generation installation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108332185A
CN108332185A CN201810137884.3A CN201810137884A CN108332185A CN 108332185 A CN108332185 A CN 108332185A CN 201810137884 A CN201810137884 A CN 201810137884A CN 108332185 A CN108332185 A CN 108332185A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
pipeline
biomass
pump
boiler
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810137884.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李俊英
张福泉
王壮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG HUANNENG DESIGN INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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SHANDONG HUANNENG DESIGN INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG HUANNENG DESIGN INSTITUTE Co Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG HUANNENG DESIGN INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810137884.3A priority Critical patent/CN108332185A/en
Publication of CN108332185A publication Critical patent/CN108332185A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B33/00Steam-generation plants, e.g. comprising steam boilers of different types in mutual association
    • F22B33/18Combinations of steam boilers with other apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B30/00Heat pumps
    • F25B30/06Heat pumps characterised by the source of low potential heat

Abstract

A kind of biomass surely fires power generation installation system, belongs to generating equipment technical field.Including biomass material, air preheater, crushing system, straw powder storage area, boiler system, superheater device, steam turbine, generator, heat pump, heat load, biomass material connects crushing system, crushing system is connected with straw powder storage area, straw powder storage area is equipped with row powder fan, row powder fan corresponds to boiler system, boiler system connects superheater device, superheater device is connect with steam turbine, steam turbine is correspondingly connected with generator, boiler system connects flue gas pipeline, heat exchanger is equipped on the outside of flue gas pipeline, heat exchanger internal duct is respectively communicated with heat exchange inlet pipe and heat exchange outlet tube road, the inlet pipe that exchanges heat is equipped with circulating pump, cycle pump output terminal pipeline is connected with heat pump one end, the heat pump other end is connected with heat exchange outlet tube road, heat pump is connected with heat load.It is simple in structure at low cost, it while reaching effective power generation, improves resource utilization, enhances practicability.

Description

A kind of biomass surely fires power generation installation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biomass surely to fire power generation installation system, belongs to generating equipment technical field.
Background technology
Currently, in order to meet the daily power demand of resident, and with the raising of scientific research technology, power plant, which does not turn off, to be sent out New energy power generation mode.In the prior art, it is a kind of utilization of resources power generation mode that biomass, which surely fires power generation, needs to use boiler Biomass burning, to be generated electricity using heat, but present mode serious heat loss, resource utilization is low, cannot reach good Effect.
For above-mentioned prior art situation, present invention applicant has done a large amount of beneficial explorations repeatedly, and final products take Effective achievement was obtained, and forms technical solution described below.
Invention content
In view of the above-mentioned deficiencies, the present invention provides a kind of biomass surely to fire power generation installation system, simple in structure at low cost, It while reaching effective power generation, improves resource utilization, enhances practicability.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:A kind of biomass surely fires power generation installation system, including biomass Material, air preheater, crushing system, straw powder storage area, boiler system, superheater device, steam turbine, generator, dedusting dress Set, dedusting ash, blower unit, chimney, ash pump, heat pump, heat load, the biomass material by export setting pan feeding it is defeated Send system that biomass is delivered in crushing system, the crushing system is connected by pipeline with straw powder storage area, institute The straw powder storage area outlet stated is provided with row powder fan, and the row powder fan corresponds to boiler system, the boiler system In saturated vapor by piping connection superheater device, the superheated steam in the superheater device passes through pipeline and steamer Machine is connected, and the steam turbine is correspondingly connected with generator.
Flue gas pipeline in the boiler system is connected with dust-extraction unit, and the dust-extraction unit is respectively communicated with dedusting Ash and blower unit, the boiler system are also communicated with slag ash, and the dedusting ash and slag ash are connected with ash pump Logical, the ash pump has grey field, the blower unit to be connected with chimney by pipeline connection, outside the flue gas pipeline Side is additionally provided with heat exchanger, and the heat exchanger is internally provided with pipeline and pipeline both sides are respectively communicated with heat exchange inlet pipe and heat exchange Outlet tube road is provided with circulating pump, the cycle pump output terminal pipeline and heat pump one end phase in the heat exchange inlet pipe Connection, the heat pump other end are connected with heat exchange outlet tube road, and heat exchanging pipe and and heat load are equipped in the heat pump It is connected.
Further, the crushing system is arranged on the air preheater by piping connection air preheater There are pressure fan, the air preheater also to have boiler system by piping connection.
Further, the heat pump includes evaporator, compressor, condenser and throttle valve, in the evaporator Portion is equipped with heat exchanging pipe and is connected respectively with heat exchange inlet pipe and heat exchange outlet tube road, the evaporator and compressor phase Connection, the compressor are connected with condenser, and the condenser is connected with throttle valve, the throttle valve and evaporation Device is connected, and heat exchanging pipe is equipped in the condenser of the heat pump and is connected with heat load.
Further, it is connected with air supply pipeline equipped with heat exchanging pipe in the heat pump, the air supply pipeline rear portion Equipped with pressure fan, front further respectively has the pipeline of connection crushing system and boiler system.
Further, pipeline internal liquid is ethylene glycol solution in the heat exchanger.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The apparatus structure is simply at low cost, while reaching effective power generation, improves resource utilization, enhances practicality Property;Ethylene glycol solution freezing point is low in heat exchanger, can good adaptation winter environment and be used as heat-transfer solution;It itself can utilize, Resource utilization is substantially increased, energy consumption is saved.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the total system schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the theory structure schematic diagram of heat exchanger section in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 3 is the total system schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
In figure, biomass material 1, pan feeding transport system 11, air preheater 2, pressure fan 21, crushing system 3, straw powder storage Deposit area 31, row powder fan 4, boiler system 5, saturated vapor 51, superheater device 52, superheated steam 521, steam turbine 53, power generation Machine 54, flue gas pipeline 55, dust-extraction unit 56, dedusting ash 561, blower unit 57, chimney 58, slag ash 59, ash pump 6, Hui Chang 61, heat exchanger 7, heat exchange inlet pipe 71, heat exchange outlet tube road 72, circulating pump 73, heat pump 8, heat load 81, evaporator 82, pressure Contracting machine 83, condenser 84, throttle valve 85, air supply pipeline 9.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1
It is the explanation to embodiment 1 below.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 2, a kind of biomass surely fires power generation installation system, including biomass material 1, pan feeding transport system 11, air preheater 2, pressure fan 21, crushing system 3, straw powder storage area 31, row powder fan 4, boiler system 5, saturated vapor 51, superheater device 52, superheated steam 521, steam turbine 53, generator 54, flue gas pipeline 55, dust-extraction unit 56, dedusting ash 561, blower unit 57, chimney 58, slag ash 59, ash pump 6, grey field 61, heat exchanger 7, heat exchange inlet pipe 71, exchange heat out liquid Pipeline 72, circulating pump 73, heat pump 8, heat load 81, the biomass material 1 will by exporting the pan feeding transport system 11 of setting Biomass is delivered in crushing system 3, and the crushing system 3 passes through piping connection air preheater 2, the air preheat Pressure fan 21 is provided on device 2, the air preheater 2 also has boiler system 5, the crushing system by piping connection 3 are connected by pipeline with straw powder storage area 31, and the straw powder storage area 31 outlet is provided with row powder fan 4, described Row powder fan 4 correspond to boiler system 5, the saturated vapor 51 in the boiler system 5 passes through piping connection superheater device 52, the superheated steam 521 in the superheater device 52 is connected by pipeline with steam turbine 53, and the steam turbine 53 is right Generator 54 should be connected.
Flue gas pipeline 55 in the boiler system 5 is connected with dust-extraction unit 56, the dust-extraction unit 56 difference Connection dedusting ash 561 and blower unit 57, the boiler system 5 are also communicated with slag ash 59, the dedusting ash 561 and stove Slag ash 59 is connected with ash pump 6, and the ash pump 6 has a grey field 61 by pipeline connection, the blower unit 57 with Chimney 58 is connected.
55 outside of flue gas pipeline is additionally provided with heat exchanger 7, and the heat exchanger 7 is internally provided with pipeline and pipeline two Side is respectively communicated with heat exchange inlet pipe 71 and heat exchange outlet tube road 72, and circulating pump is provided in the heat exchange inlet pipe 71 73, the 73 output end pipeline of circulating pump is connected with 8 one end of heat pump, 8 other end of heat pump and heat exchange outlet tube road 72 are connected, and the heat pump 8 includes evaporator 82, compressor 83, condenser 84 and throttle valve 85, the evaporator 82 Be internally provided with heat exchanging pipe and be connected respectively with heat exchange inlet pipe 71 and heat exchange outlet tube road 72, the evaporator 82 and Compressor 83 is connected, and the compressor 83 is connected with condenser 84, and the condenser 84 is connected with throttle valve 85, The throttle valve 85 is connected with evaporator 82, and heat exchanging pipe and and heat load are equipped in the condenser 84 of the heat pump 8 81 are connected, and pipeline internal liquid is ethylene glycol solution in the heat exchanger 7, and freezing point is low, can good adaptation winter environment And it is used as heat-transfer solution, the apparatus structure is simply at low cost, while reaching effective power generation, improves resource utilization, Enhance practicability.
Embodiment 2
It is the explanation to embodiment 2 below.
In example 2, for structure in the same manner as in Example 1, identical symbol is given, omits identical explanation, Embodiment 2 has made improvement on the basis of embodiment 1, as shown in figure 3, air preheater 2 is replaced with air supply pipeline 9, institute It is connected with air supply pipeline 9 equipped with heat exchanging pipe in the heat pump 8 stated, 9 rear portion of air supply pipeline is additionally provided with pressure fan 21, preceding Portion further respectively has the pipeline of connection crushing system 3 and boiler system 5.
The embodiment is beneficial in that:It itself can utilize, substantially increase resource utilization, save the energy and disappear Consumption.
For the ordinary skill in the art, introduction according to the present invention, do not depart from the principle of the present invention with In the case of spirit, changes, modifications, replacement and modification that embodiment is carried out still fall within protection scope of the present invention it It is interior.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of biomass surely fires power generation installation system, it is characterised in that:Including biomass material, air preheater, crushing system, Straw powder storage area, boiler system, superheater device, steam turbine, generator, dust-extraction unit, dedusting ash, blower unit, chimney, Biomass is delivered to crushing by ash pump, heat pump, heat load, the biomass material by exporting the pan feeding transport system of setting In system, the crushing system is connected by pipeline with straw powder storage area, straw powder storage area outlet setting There are row powder fan, the row powder fan to correspond to boiler system, the saturated vapor in the boiler system passes through piping connection Superheater device, the superheated steam in the superheater device are connected by pipeline with steam turbine, the steam turbine pair Generator should be connected;
Flue gas pipeline in the boiler system is connected with dust-extraction unit, the dust-extraction unit be respectively communicated with dedusting ash and Blower unit, the boiler system are also communicated with slag ash, and the dedusting ash and slag ash are connected with ash pump, institute The ash pump stated has grey field, the blower unit to be connected with chimney by pipeline connection, on the outside of the flue gas pipeline also It is provided with heat exchanger, the heat exchanger is internally provided with pipeline and pipeline both sides are respectively communicated with heat exchange inlet pipe and the liquid that exchanges heat out Pipeline is provided with circulating pump in the heat exchange inlet pipe, and the cycle pump output terminal pipeline is connected with heat pump one end, The heat pump other end is connected with heat exchange outlet tube road, and heat exchanging pipe is equipped in the heat pump and is connected with heat load It is logical.
2. a kind of biomass as described in claim 1 surely fires power generation installation system, characterized in that the crushing system passes through Piping connection air preheater is provided with pressure fan on the air preheater, and the air preheater also passes through pipeline It is connected with boiler system.
3. a kind of biomass as described in claim 1 surely fires power generation installation system, characterized in that the heat pump includes evaporation Device, compressor, condenser and throttle valve, the evaporator be internally provided with heat exchanging pipe and respectively with heat exchange inlet pipe and Heat exchange outlet tube road is connected, and the evaporator is connected with compressor, and the compressor is connected with condenser, described Condenser be connected with throttle valve, the throttle valve is connected with evaporator, in the condenser of the heat pump be equipped with change Pipe line and it is connected with heat load.
4. a kind of biomass as described in claim 1 surely fires power generation installation system, characterized in that be equipped with and change in the heat pump Pipe line is connected with air supply pipeline, and the air supply pipeline rear portion is equipped with pressure fan, and front further respectively has connection and crushes system The pipeline of system and boiler system.
5. a kind of biomass as described in claim 1 surely fires power generation installation system, characterized in that pipeline in the heat exchanger Internal liquid is ethylene glycol solution.
CN201810137884.3A 2018-02-10 2018-02-10 A kind of biomass surely fires power generation installation system Pending CN108332185A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109488480A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-03-19 王壮 A kind of biomass energy recycling system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2617396A1 (en) * 1976-04-21 1977-11-10 Heidenheimer Waermevertriebs G Heat pump utilising waste heat of power station - also utilises waste heat from oil or gas driven IC engine
CN201331285Y (en) * 2008-11-26 2009-10-21 烟台信德热泵科技有限公司 Recovery system for waste heat of waste water
CN103104304A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-15 嘉兴新嘉爱斯热电有限公司 Formed biomass fuel power generation method
JP5632410B2 (en) * 2012-03-13 2014-11-26 月島機械株式会社 Heat treatment equipment and method
CN106369873A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 新奥泛能网络科技股份有限公司 Heat pump smoke waste heat recycling system of gas engine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2617396A1 (en) * 1976-04-21 1977-11-10 Heidenheimer Waermevertriebs G Heat pump utilising waste heat of power station - also utilises waste heat from oil or gas driven IC engine
CN201331285Y (en) * 2008-11-26 2009-10-21 烟台信德热泵科技有限公司 Recovery system for waste heat of waste water
JP5632410B2 (en) * 2012-03-13 2014-11-26 月島機械株式会社 Heat treatment equipment and method
CN103104304A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-15 嘉兴新嘉爱斯热电有限公司 Formed biomass fuel power generation method
CN106369873A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 新奥泛能网络科技股份有限公司 Heat pump smoke waste heat recycling system of gas engine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109488480A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-03-19 王壮 A kind of biomass energy recycling system

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Application publication date: 20180727

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