CN108326543B - A kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment and its method for assembling door handle - Google Patents

A kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment and its method for assembling door handle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108326543B
CN108326543B CN201810109599.0A CN201810109599A CN108326543B CN 108326543 B CN108326543 B CN 108326543B CN 201810109599 A CN201810109599 A CN 201810109599A CN 108326543 B CN108326543 B CN 108326543B
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China
Prior art keywords
door handle
cover
feed bin
locating piece
electric machine
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CN201810109599.0A
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CN108326543A (en
Inventor
马洪业
武传宇
童俊华
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/004Feeding the articles from hoppers to machines or dispensers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment and its methods for assembling door handle.The manual assembly door handle time is long, it is also possible to anti-loaded.Present device includes objective table, linear guide, positioning fixture and the door handle feed bin successively arranged along linear guide side, door handle erector, outer cover feed bin, outer cover erector, inner cover feed bin, inner cover erector, torsional spring feed bin, torsional spring erector, washer feed bin, washer erector, circlip feed bin and circlip erector;Laser emitter is equipped between each feed bin and erector;Each laser emitter is located at the corresponding position setting laser pickoff of the linear guide other side.Assembly efficiency of the present invention is artificial 2 times or so;Mechanical package makes product quality tend towards stability;Production cost can be reduced.

Description

A kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment and its method for assembling door handle
Technical field
The invention belongs to automated production fields, and in particular to a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment and its assembling door handle Method.
Background technique
Door handle is to build the indispensable part in house, China's building construction rapid development, to its demand also continuous It improves.Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 is a kind of common door handle, is needed in its assembling process by 6 assembling parts together, and current This door handle is all to assemble a door handle using manually assembling and need about 15 seconds, this process is needed door knob Hand is inserted into the circular hole of outer cover, is later knocked in inner cover, torsional spring with specific purpose tool, is finally pacified circlip with dedicated pliers It installs.Time used in manual assembly door handle is longer, and period of assembly may be anti-loaded by door handle.Therefore, for manual assembly Deficiency, need to design a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is the deficiencies for man-made assembly door handle in the prior art, provide a kind of automatic group of door handle Standby and its assembling door handle method is installed, is able to achieve the automatic assembling of door handle, while there is high production efficiency, product quality The advantages that stablizing.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is that:
A kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment of the present invention, including objective table, linear guide, positioning fixture and led along straight line Door handle feed bin that rail side is successively arranged, door handle erector, outer cover feed bin, outer cover erector, inner cover feed bin, inner cover installation Device, torsional spring feed bin, torsional spring erector, washer feed bin, washer erector, circlip feed bin and circlip erector;It is described Linear guide be fixed on objective table, positioning fixture and linear guide constitute sliding pair;The positioning fixture and driving electricity Machine is connected by tape handler;Between door handle feed bin and door handle erector, between outer cover feed bin and outer cover erector, it is interior Between lid feed bin and inner cover erector, between torsional spring feed bin and torsional spring erector, between washer feed bin and washer erector and Laser emitter is equipped between circlip feed bin and circlip erector;It is another that each laser emitter is located at linear guide Laser pickoff is arranged in the corresponding position of side.
The positioning fixture includes door handle locating piece, the first outer cover locating piece and the second outer cover locating piece;Outside first Lid locating piece and the second outer cover locating piece are each attached at the top of door handle locating piece;It is recessed that first outer cover locating piece offers first Slot, the second outer cover locating piece offer the second groove;The length direction of first groove and the second groove is parallel with linear guide Setting;Door handle locating piece offers door handle groove;Door handle groove is in the first door handle locating piece and the second door handle The spaced position of locating piece;Door handle groove corresponds to that end of door handle tail portion towards laser pickoff.
The door handle feed bin, outer cover feed bin, inner cover feed bin, torsional spring feed bin, washer feed bin and circlip feed bin are equal Equipped with ramp, and each ramp bottom end is equipped with baffle;The direction in ramp is parallel with linear guide;The ramp bottom end of door handle feed bin It is consistent with the door handle groove shapes of positioning fixture.
The door handle erector includes the first rotating electric machine, the first locating piece, first straight line mobile motor, the first electricity Magnet and the first spill spin block;The pedestal of first rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft of the first rotating electric machine and first Spill spin block is fixed;The pedestal of first straight line mobile motor is fixed on the first spill spin block, the output shaft of first straight line mobile motor With the first electromagnetism ferropexy;First locating piece is fixed on the first electromagnet bottom;First locating piece is in the strip placed vertically.
The outer cover erector includes the second rotating electric machine, the second locating piece, second straight line mobile motor, the second electromagnetism Iron and the second spill spin block;The pedestal of second rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft of the second rotating electric machine and the second rotation Switch block is fixed;The pedestal of second straight line mobile motor is fixed on the second spill spin block, the output shaft of second straight line mobile motor with Second electromagnetism ferropexy;Second electromagnet is for being sucked outer cover;Second locating piece is fixed on the second electromagnet bottom;Second positioning Block is in horizontal positioned strip;The bottom surface both ends of second locating piece are respectively provided with a convex cylindrical.
The inner cover erector includes third rotating electric machine, third locating piece, third linear movement motor, third electromagnetism Iron and third spill spin block;The pedestal of third rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, and the output shaft and third of third rotating electric machine revolve Switch block is fixed;Third linear movement motor pedestal be fixed on third spill spin block, third move linearly motor output shaft with Third electromagnetism ferropexy;Third locating piece is fixed on third electromagnet bottom;It is biased to end position and opens in the bottom surface of third locating piece If rectangular channel;The bottom surface both ends of third locating piece are equipped with raised line.
The torsional spring erector includes the 4th rotating electric machine, the 4th locating piece, the 4th linear movement motor, the 4th electromagnetism Iron and the 4th spill spin block;The pedestal of 4th rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft of the 4th rotating electric machine and the 4th rotation Switch block is fixed;4th linear movement motor pedestal be fixed on the 4th spill spin block, the 4th linear movement motor output shaft with 4th electromagnetism ferropexy;4th locating piece is fixed on the 4th electromagnet bottom;4th bottom surface of positioning block offers torsional spring groove;Institute The slot bottom for stating torsional spring groove opens up two torque arm locating slots.
The washer erector includes the 5th rotating electric machine, the 5th locating piece, the 5th linear movement motor, the 5th electromagnetism Iron and the 5th spill spin block;The pedestal of 5th rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft of the 5th rotating electric machine and the 5th rotation Switch block is fixed;The pedestal of 5th linear movement motor is fixed on the 5th spill spin block, the output shaft and the of five linear movement motors Five electromagnetism ferropexies;5th locating piece is fixed on the 5th electromagnet bottom;5th bottom surface of positioning block offers gasket recess.
The circlip erector includes the 6th rotating electric machine, the 6th locating piece, the 6th linear movement motor, pedestal With the 6th spill spin block;The pedestal of 6th rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft of the 6th rotating electric machine and the 6th rotation Block is fixed;The pedestal of 6th linear movement motor is fixed on the 6th spill spin block;The output shaft and base of 6th linear movement motor Seat is fixed;6th locating piece includes substrate, distraction plate and the 7th linear movement motor;Substrate is fixed on the base;Two A 7th linear movement motor is disposed opposite to each other, and is each attached on substrate;The output shaft and one of each 7th linear movement motor Block distraction plate is fixed;Distraction plate and substrate constitute sliding pair;The bottom of distraction plate is equipped with cylindrical strut;Two pieces of distraction plate bottoms The strut opposing substrate in portion is symmetrical arranged.
The conveyer belt of the positioning fixture and tape handler is fixed, and one of belt wheel of tape handler is by driving Motor driven, another belt wheel are hinged on objective table.
The length of first locating piece is equal with width, and height is five times of length or more;The length of second locating piece It is ten times or more of width.
The gasket recess is made of half-arc groove with two straight-line grooves for being arranged symmetrically in half-arc groove both ends;Straight line The inner end of slot is connected to half-arc groove, the open setting in outer end;The opposite side wall of two straight-line grooves and the tangent setting of half-arc groove side wall.
Driving motor, each rotating electric machine, each linear movement motor and each electromagnet is controlled by controller, respectively The signal output end of laser pickoff is connect with controller.
The method of door handle automatic assembly equipment progress door handle assembling, the specific steps are as follows:
1) it arranges on the ramp of door handle feed bin door handle, door handle tail portion is towards ramp bottom end, and the groove of door handle Upward, when the first rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, the groove of door handle is corresponding with the vertical position of the first locating piece;Outer cover feed bin It arranges on ramp outer cover, the length direction of outer cover is vertical with ramp direction, and outer cover inner sidewall is upward, and the second rotating electric machine rotates forward At 90 °, the circular hole at outer cover both ends and two convex cylindrical vertical positions of the second bottom surface of positioning block are respectively corresponded;The slope of inner cover feed bin It arranges on road inner cover, the length direction of inner cover is vertical with ramp direction, inside covers and the matched square of the rectangular channel of third locating piece Shape convex block is arranged upward, and rectangular cam is towards laser pickoff side, when third rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, rectangular cam with The rectangular channel vertical position of third bottom surface of positioning block is corresponding;It arranges on the ramp of torsional spring feed bin torsional spring, the 4th rotating electric machine rotates forward At 90 °, two torque arm locating slots of the 4th locating piece and two torque arm vertical positions of torsional spring are respectively corresponded;The slope of washer feed bin It arranges on road washer;It arranges on the ramp of circlip feed bin circlip, the opening of circlip is towards laser pickoff one Side, when the 5th rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, two power functional holes of circlip and two strut vertical positions of distraction plate bottom It respectively corresponds;
2) driving motor driving positioning fixture reaches at the laser emitter between door handle feed bin and door handle erector When, driving motor stalling, 90 ° of the first rotating electric machine rotating forward, the first spill spin block face door handle feed bin, first straight line mobile motor In the groove for driving the first locating piece insertion door handle, door handle is sucked in then the first electromagnet energization;Then first straight line is moved Dynamic motor moves upwards, and the first rotating electric machine inverts 90 °, and first straight line mobile motor moves downward, the power-off of the first electromagnet, door Handle is installed in the door handle groove of door handle locating piece, and first straight line mobile motor moves upwards reset, and driving motor opens Dynamic driving positioning fixture moves forward;
3) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between outer cover feed bin and outer cover erector, driving motor stalling, Second rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and the second spill spin block face outer cover feed bin, second straight line mobile motor drives the second locating piece downward Movement is inserted in outer cover, and outer cover is sucked in then the second electromagnet energization;Then second straight line mobile motor moves upwards, the second rotation Rotating motor inverts 90 °, and outer cover long side is parallel with guide rail at this time, and second straight line mobile motor moves downward, the power-off of the second electromagnet, Outer cover is installed in the first groove and the second groove, and second straight line mobile motor moves upwards reset, driving motor starting driving Positioning fixture moves forward;
4) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between inner cover feed bin and inner cover erector, driving motor stalling, Third rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and third spill spin block face inner cover feed bin, third linear movement motor moves downward, and inner cover is inserted in In third locating piece, inner cover is sucked in the energization of third electromagnet;Then third linear movement motor moves upwards, third rotating electric machine 90 ° of reversion, third linear movement motor move downward, and third electromagnet power-off, inner cover is installed in outer cover and covers in door handle On, third linear movement motor moves upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
5) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between torsional spring feed bin and torsional spring erector, driving motor stalling, 4th rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and the 4th spill spin block face torsional spring feed bin, the 4th linear movement motor moves downward, and torsional spring is inserted in In 4th locating piece, torsional spring is sucked in the energization of the 4th electromagnet;Then the 4th linear movement motor moves upwards, the 4th rotating electric machine 90 ° of reversion, the 4th linear movement motor move downward, and the 4th electromagnet power-off, torsional spring is installed in inner cover and covers in door handle On, the 4th linear movement motor moves upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
6) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between washer feed bin and washer erector, driving motor stalling, 5th rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and the 5th spill spin block face torsional spring feed bin, the 5th linear movement motor moves downward, and gasket is inserted in In 5th locating piece, gasket is sucked in the energization of the 5th electromagnet;Then the 5th linear movement motor moves upwards, the 5th rotating electric machine 90 ° of reversion, the 5th linear movement motor move downward, and the 5th electromagnet power-off, gasket is installed on torsional spring and covers in door handle On, the 5th linear movement motor moves upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
7) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between circlip feed bin and circlip erector, driving electricity Machine stalling, 90 ° of the 6th rotating electric machine rotating forward, the 6th spill spin block face circlip feed bin 15, the 6th linear movement motor are downward Movement, two struts of distraction plate bottom are inserted in two power functional holes of circlip, two the 7th linear movement motor fortune Two pieces of distraction plates of dynamic drive, which are moved away from, struts circlip;Then the 6th linear movement motor moves upwards, the 6th rotation 90 ° of motor reversal, the 6th linear movement motor moves downward, and two the 7th linear movement motor movements drive two pieces of distraction plate phases Circlip is closed to mobile, circlip is installed on gasket and covers on door handle;Two the 7th linear movement motors It resets, the 6th linear movement motor moves upwards reset;
8) door handle assembly assembled is taken away, driving motor drives positioning fixture to reset, in positioning fixture reseting procedure, Each rotating electric machine and each linear movement motor keep stop state.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: assembly efficiency is artificial 2 times or so;Mechanical package makes product quality tend to be steady It is fixed;Production cost can be reduced.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure stereogram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural perspective of positioning fixture in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the assembling stereogram of each erector in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural perspective of third locating piece in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural perspective of the 5th locating piece in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural perspective of the 6th locating piece in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the door handle assembly structural perspective assembled;
Fig. 8 is the explosive view of door handle assembly.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the invention will be further described, but the invention is not limited to following embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment, including objective table 1, linear guide 2, positioning fixture 3 and It is the door handle feed bin 10 successively arranged along 2 side of linear guide, door handle erector 4, outer cover feed bin 11, outer cover erector 5, interior Lid feed bin 12, inner cover erector 6, torsional spring feed bin 13, torsional spring erector 7, washer feed bin 14, washer erector 8, circlip material Storehouse 15 and circlip erector 9;Linear guide 2 is fixed on objective table 1, and positioning fixture 3 and linear guide 2 are constituted and slided It is secondary;Positioning fixture 3 and the conveyer belt of tape handler are fixed, and one of belt wheel of tape handler is driven by driving motor, Another belt wheel is hinged on objective table 1;Between door handle feed bin 10 and door handle erector 4, outer cover feed bin 11 and outer cover pacify Fill between device 5, between inner cover feed bin 12 and inner cover erector 6, between torsional spring feed bin 13 and torsional spring erector 7, washer feed bin 14 Laser emitter 16 is equipped between washer erector 8 and between circlip feed bin 15 and circlip erector 9;Respectively Laser emitter 16 is located at the corresponding position setting laser pickoff 17 of 2 other side of linear guide.
As shown in Fig. 2, positioning fixture 3 includes that door handle locating piece 3-1, the first outer cover locating piece 3-2 and the second outer cover are fixed Position block;First outer cover locating piece 3-2 and the second outer cover locating piece are each attached at the top of door handle locating piece 3-1;First outer cover is fixed Position block 3-2 offers the first groove, and the second outer cover locating piece offers the second groove;The length side of first groove and the second groove Xiang Junyu linear guide 2 is arranged in parallel, the positioning and placement for outer cover;Door handle locating piece 3-1 offers door handle groove; Door handle groove is in the spaced position of the first door handle locating piece 3-1 and the second door handle locating piece, for determining for door handle Position and placement;Door handle groove corresponds to that end of door handle tail portion towards laser pickoff 17.
As shown in Figure 1, door handle feed bin 10, outer cover feed bin 11, inner cover feed bin 12, torsional spring feed bin 13,14 and of washer feed bin Circlip feed bin 15 is equipped with ramp, and each ramp bottom end is equipped with baffle;The direction in ramp is parallel with linear guide 2;Door The ramp bottom end of handle feed bin 10 and the door handle groove shapes of positioning fixture 3 are consistent.
As shown in figs. 1 and 3, door handle erector 4 includes the first rotating electric machine 4-1, the first locating piece 4-2, first straight line Mobile motor 4-3, the first electromagnet 4-4 and the first spill spin block 4-5;The pedestal of first rotating electric machine 4-1 is fixed on objective table 1 On, the output shaft of the first rotating electric machine 4-1 is fixed with the first spill spin block 4-5;The pedestal of first straight line mobile motor 4-3 is fixed on On first spill spin block 4-5, the output shaft of first straight line mobile motor 4-3 is fixed with the first electromagnet 4-4, the first electromagnet 4-4 For door handle to be sucked;First locating piece 4-2 is fixed on the first bottom electromagnet 4-4;First locating piece 4-2 is in place vertically Strip, and length is equal with width, height is five times of length or more.
As shown in figs. 1 and 3, outer cover erector 5 includes the second rotating electric machine 5-1, the second locating piece 5-2, second straight line shifting Dynamic motor 5-3, the second electromagnet 5-4 and the second spill spin block 5-5;The pedestal of second rotating electric machine 5-1 is fixed on objective table 1, The output shaft of second rotating electric machine 5-1 is fixed with the second spill spin block 5-5;The pedestal of second straight line mobile motor 5-3 is fixed on On two spill spin block 5-5, the output shaft of second straight line mobile motor 5-3 is fixed with the second electromagnet 5-4;Second electromagnet is for inhaling Firmly outer cover;Second locating piece 5-2 is fixed on the second electromagnet bottom;Second locating piece 5-2 is in horizontal positioned strip, and long Degree is ten times of width or more;The bottom surface both ends of second locating piece 5-2 are respectively provided with a convex cylindrical, the circular hole phase with outer cover both ends Matching forms positioning.
As shown in Fig. 1,3 and 4, inner cover erector 6 includes third rotating electric machine 6-1, third locating piece 6-2, third straight line Mobile motor 6-3, third electromagnet 6-4 and third spill spin block 6-5;The pedestal of third rotating electric machine 6-1 is fixed on objective table 1 On, output shaft and the third spill spin block 6-5 of third rotating electric machine 6-1 is fixed;The pedestal of third linear movement motor 6-3 is fixed on On third spill spin block 6-5, the output shaft of third linear movement motor 6-3 is fixed with third electromagnet 6-4;Third electromagnet 6-4 For inner cover to be sucked;Third locating piece 6-2 is fixed on the bottom third electromagnet 6-4;It is biased to end in the bottom surface of third locating piece 6-2 Position opens up rectangular channel, for positioning inner cover;The bottom surface both ends of third locating piece 6-2 are equipped with raised line, accurate convenient for rectangular channel Positioning.
As shown in figs. 1 and 3, torsional spring erector 7 includes the 4th rotating electric machine 7-1, the 4th locating piece 7-2, the shifting of the 4th straight line Dynamic motor 7-3, the 4th electromagnet 7-4 and the 4th spill spin block 7-5;The pedestal of 4th rotating electric machine 7-1 is fixed on objective table 1, The output shaft of 4th rotating electric machine 7-1 is fixed with the 4th spill spin block 7-5;The pedestal of 4th linear movement motor 7-3 is fixed on the On four spill spin block 7-5, the output shaft of the 4th linear movement motor 7-3 is fixed with the 4th electromagnet 7-4;4th electromagnet 7-4 is used In torsional spring is sucked;4th locating piece 7-2 is fixed on the 4th bottom electromagnet 7-4;It is recessed that 4th bottom surface locating piece 7-2 offers torsional spring Slot, the slot bottom of torsional spring groove open up two torque arm locating slots, and torque arm locating slot realizes the torque arm positioning of torsional spring.
As shown in Fig. 1,3 and 5, washer erector 8 includes the 5th rotating electric machine 8-1, the 5th locating piece 8-2, the 5th straight line Mobile motor 8-3, the 5th electromagnet 8-4 and the 5th spill spin block 8-5;The pedestal of 5th rotating electric machine 8-1 is fixed on objective table 1 On, output shaft and the 5th spill spin block 8-5 of the 5th rotating electric machine 8-1 is fixed;The pedestal of 5th linear movement motor 8-3 is fixed on On 5th spill spin block 8-5, the output shaft of five linear movement motor 8-3 is fixed with the 5th electromagnet 8-4;5th electromagnet 8-4 is used In washer is sucked;5th locating piece 8-2 is fixed on the 5th bottom electromagnet 8-4;It is recessed that 5th bottom surface locating piece 8-2 offers washer Slot realizes the positioning of washer;Gasket recess is made of half-arc groove with two straight-line grooves for being arranged symmetrically in half-arc groove both ends; The inner end of straight-line groove is connected to half-arc groove, the open setting in outer end;The opposite side wall of two straight-line grooves with half-arc groove side wall is tangent sets It sets.
As shown in Fig. 1,3 and 6, circlip erector 9 includes the 6th rotating electric machine 9-1, the 6th locating piece 9-2, the 6th Move linearly motor 9-3, pedestal 9-4 and the 6th spill spin block 9-5;The pedestal of 6th rotating electric machine 9-1 is fixed on objective table 1, The output shaft of 6th rotating electric machine 9-1 is fixed with the 6th spill spin block 9-5;The pedestal of 6th linear movement motor 9-3 is fixed on the On six spill spin block 9-5;The output shaft of 6th linear movement motor 9-3 is fixed with pedestal 9-4;6th locating piece 9-2 include substrate, The linear movement of distraction plate 9-2-1 and the 7th motor 9-2-2;Substrate is fixed on pedestal 9-4;Two the 7th linear movement motor 9- 2-2 is disposed opposite to each other, and is each attached on substrate;The output shaft and one piece of distraction plate 9- of each 7th linear movement motor 9-2-2 2-1 is fixed;Distraction plate 9-2-1 and substrate constitute sliding pair;The bottom of distraction plate 9-2-1 is equipped with cylindrical strut;Two pieces of supports The strut opposing substrate for opening the bottom plate 9-2-1 is symmetrical arranged.
Driving motor, each rotating electric machine, each linear movement motor and each electromagnet are controlled by controller, and each laser connects The signal output end for receiving device 17 is connect with controller.
The method of door handle automatic assembly equipment progress door handle assembling, the specific steps are as follows:
1) arrange door handle 16-1 on the ramp of door handle feed bin 10, and door handle tail portion is towards ramp bottom end, and door handle Groove upward, the first rotating electric machine rotate forward 90 ° when, the groove of door handle is corresponding with the vertical position of the first locating piece;Outer cover Arrange outer cover 16-2 on the ramp of feed bin 11, and the length direction of outer cover is vertical with ramp direction, and outer cover inner sidewall is upward, and second When rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, the circular hole at outer cover both ends and two convex cylindrical vertical positions of the second bottom surface locating piece 5-2 are right respectively It answers;Arrange inner cover 16-3 on the ramp of inner cover feed bin 12, and the length direction of inner cover is vertical with ramp direction, and it is fixed with third inside to cover The matched rectangular cam of rectangular channel of position block 6-2 is arranged upward, and rectangular cam, towards 17 side of laser pickoff, third rotates When motor rotates forward 90 °, rectangular cam is corresponding with the rectangular channel vertical position of the bottom surface third locating piece 6-2;The slope of torsional spring feed bin 13 Arrange torsional spring 16-4 on road, when the 4th rotating electric machine 7-1 rotates forward 90 °, the two torque arm locating slots and torsional spring of the 4th locating piece 7-2 Two torque arm vertical positions respectively correspond;Arrange washer 16-5 on the ramp of washer feed bin 14;The slope of circlip feed bin 15 Arrange circlip 16-6 on road, and for the opening of circlip towards 17 side of laser pickoff, the 5th rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 ° When, two power functional holes of circlip are respectively corresponded with two strut vertical positions of the bottom distraction plate 9-2-1;
2) driving motor driving positioning fixture reaches the laser emitter between door handle feed bin 10 and door handle erector 4 When at 16, driving motor stalling, the first rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and the first spill spin block 4-5 face door handle feed bin 10, first is straight Line mobile motor drives in the groove of the first locating piece 4-2 insertion door handle, and door handle is sucked in then the first electromagnet energization;It connects First straight line mobile motor move upwards, the first rotating electric machine invert 90 °, first straight line mobile motor moves downward, first Electromagnet power-off, door handle are installed in the door handle groove of door handle locating piece 3-1, and first straight line mobile motor moves upwards It resets, driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
3) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter 16 between outer cover feed bin 11 and outer cover erector 5, driving motor Stalling, the second rotating electric machine rotate forward 90 °, and the second spill spin block face outer cover feed bin 11, second straight line mobile motor driving second is determined Position block 5-2, which is moved down, to be inserted in outer cover, and outer cover is sucked in then the second electromagnet energization;Then second straight line mobile motor is upward Movement, the second rotating electric machine invert 90 °, and outer cover long side is parallel with guide rail at this time, and second straight line mobile motor moves downward, and second Electromagnet power-off, outer cover are installed in the first groove and the second groove, and second straight line mobile motor moves upwards reset, driving electricity Machine starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
4) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter 16 between inner cover feed bin 12 and inner cover erector 6, driving motor Stalling, third rotating electric machine rotate forward 90 °, and third spill spin block face inner cover feed bin 12, third linear movement motor moves downward, interior Lid is inserted in third locating piece 6-2, and inner cover is sucked in the energization of third electromagnet;Then third linear movement motor moves upwards, the Three rotating electric machines invert 90 °, and third linear movement motor moves downward, and third electromagnet power-off, inner cover is installed in outer cover simultaneously It covers on door handle, third linear movement motor moves upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
5) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter 16 between torsional spring feed bin 13 and torsional spring erector 7, driving motor Stalling, the 4th rotating electric machine rotate forward 90 °, and the 4th spill spin block face torsional spring feed bin 13, the 4th linear movement motor moves downward, and turns round Spring is inserted in the 4th locating piece 7-2, and torsional spring is sucked in the energization of the 4th electromagnet;Then the 4th linear movement motor moves upwards, the Four rotating electric machines invert 90 °, and the 4th linear movement motor moves downward, and the 4th electromagnet power-off, torsional spring is installed in inner cover simultaneously It covers on door handle, the 4th linear movement motor moves upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
6) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter 16 between washer feed bin 14 and washer erector 8, driving motor Stalling, the 5th rotating electric machine rotate forward 90 °, and the 5th spill spin block face torsional spring feed bin 14, the 5th linear movement motor moves downward, and pads Piece is inserted in the 5th locating piece 8-2, and gasket is sucked in the energization of the 5th electromagnet;Then the 5th linear movement motor moves upwards, the Five rotating electric machines invert 90 °, and the 5th linear movement motor moves downward, and the 5th electromagnet power-off, gasket is installed on torsional spring simultaneously It covers on door handle, the 5th linear movement motor moves upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
7) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter 16 between circlip feed bin 15 and circlip erector 9, Driving motor stalling, 90 ° of the 6th rotating electric machine rotating forward, the 6th spill spin block face circlip feed bin 15, the 6th linear movement electricity Machine moves downward, and two struts of the bottom distraction plate 9-2-1 are inserted in two power functional holes of circlip, two the 7th straight lines Mobile motor movement drives two pieces of distraction plate 9-2-1 to be moved away from and struts circlip;Then the 6th linear movement motor to Upper movement, the 6th rotating electric machine invert 90 °, and the 6th linear movement motor moves downward, two the 7th linear movement motor movements It drives two pieces of distraction plate 9-2-1 to move towards to be closed circlip, circlip is installed on gasket and covers on door handle; Two the 7th linear movement reset motors, the 6th linear movement motor move upwards reset;
8) door handle assembly (as shown in FIG. 7 and 8) assembled is taken away, driving motor drives positioning fixture to reset, positioning In fixture reseting procedure, each rotating electric machine and each linear movement motor keep stop state.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment, it is characterised in that: including objective table, linear guide, positioning fixture and along straight Door handle feed bin that line guide rail side is successively arranged, door handle erector, outer cover feed bin, outer cover erector, inner cover feed bin, inner cover Erector, torsional spring feed bin, torsional spring erector, washer feed bin, washer erector, circlip feed bin and circlip erector; The linear guide is fixed on objective table, and positioning fixture and linear guide constitute sliding pair;The positioning fixture and drive Dynamic motor is connected by tape handler;Between door handle feed bin and door handle erector, outer cover feed bin and outer cover erector it Between, between inner cover feed bin and inner cover erector, between torsional spring feed bin and torsional spring erector, between washer feed bin and washer erector And laser emitter is equipped between circlip feed bin and circlip erector;Each laser emitter is located at linear guide Laser pickoff is arranged in the corresponding position of the other side;
The positioning fixture includes door handle locating piece, the first outer cover locating piece and the second outer cover locating piece;First outer cover is fixed Position block and the second outer cover locating piece are each attached at the top of door handle locating piece;First outer cover locating piece offers the first groove, the Two outer cover locating pieces offer the second groove;The length direction of first groove and the second groove is arranged in parallel with linear guide; Door handle locating piece offers door handle groove;Door handle groove is in the first door handle locating piece and the second door handle locating piece Spaced position;Door handle groove corresponds to that end of door handle tail portion towards laser pickoff;
Door handle feed bin, outer cover feed bin, inner cover feed bin, torsional spring feed bin, washer feed bin and the circlip feed bin is equipped with Ramp, and each ramp bottom end is equipped with baffle;The direction in ramp is parallel with linear guide;The ramp bottom end of door handle feed bin and fixed The door handle groove shapes of position fixture are consistent;
The door handle erector includes the first rotating electric machine, the first locating piece, first straight line mobile motor, the first electromagnet With the first spill spin block;The pedestal of first rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft of the first rotating electric machine and the first rotation Block is fixed;The pedestal of first straight line mobile motor is fixed on the first spill spin block, the output shaft of first straight line mobile motor and One electromagnetism ferropexy;First locating piece is fixed on the first electromagnet bottom;First locating piece is in the strip placed vertically;
The outer cover erector include the second rotating electric machine, the second locating piece, second straight line mobile motor, the second electromagnet and Second spill spin block;The pedestal of second rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft of the second rotating electric machine and the second spill spin block It is fixed;The pedestal of second straight line mobile motor is fixed on the second spill spin block, the output shaft of second straight line mobile motor and second Electromagnetism ferropexy;Second electromagnet is for being sucked outer cover;Second locating piece is fixed on the second electromagnet bottom;Second locating piece is in Horizontal positioned strip;The bottom surface both ends of second locating piece are respectively provided with a convex cylindrical;
The inner cover erector include third rotating electric machine, third locating piece, third linear movement motor, third electromagnet and Third spill spin block;The pedestal of third rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft and third spill spin block of third rotating electric machine It is fixed;The pedestal of third linear movement motor is fixed on third spill spin block, the output shaft and third of third linear movement motor Electromagnetism ferropexy;Third locating piece is fixed on third electromagnet bottom;It is biased to end position and opens up square in the bottom surface of third locating piece Shape slot;The bottom surface both ends of third locating piece are equipped with raised line;
The torsional spring erector include the 4th rotating electric machine, the 4th locating piece, the 4th linear movement motor, the 4th electromagnet and 4th spill spin block;The pedestal of 4th rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft and the 4th spill spin block of the 4th rotating electric machine It is fixed;The pedestal of 4th linear movement motor is fixed on the 4th spill spin block, the output shaft and the 4th of the 4th linear movement motor Electromagnetism ferropexy;4th locating piece is fixed on the 4th electromagnet bottom;4th bottom surface of positioning block offers torsional spring groove;The torsion The slot bottom of spring groove opens up two torque arm locating slots;
The washer erector include the 5th rotating electric machine, the 5th locating piece, the 5th linear movement motor, the 5th electromagnet and 5th spill spin block;The pedestal of 5th rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, the output shaft and the 5th spill spin block of the 5th rotating electric machine It is fixed;The pedestal of 5th linear movement motor is fixed on the 5th spill spin block, the output shaft and the 5th electricity of five linear movement motors Magnet is fixed;5th locating piece is fixed on the 5th electromagnet bottom;5th bottom surface of positioning block offers gasket recess;
The circlip erector includes the 6th rotating electric machine, the 6th locating piece, the 6th linear movement motor, pedestal and the Six spill spin blocks;The pedestal of 6th rotating electric machine is fixed on objective table, and the output shaft and the 6th spill spin block of the 6th rotating electric machine are solid It is fixed;The pedestal of 6th linear movement motor is fixed on the 6th spill spin block;The output shaft and pedestal of 6th linear movement motor are solid It is fixed;6th locating piece includes substrate, distraction plate and the 7th linear movement motor;Substrate is fixed on the base;Two Seven linear movement motors are disposed opposite to each other, and are each attached on substrate;The output shaft of each 7th linear movement motor and one piece of support Plate is opened to fix;Distraction plate and substrate constitute sliding pair;The bottom of distraction plate is equipped with cylindrical strut;Two pieces of distraction plate bottoms Strut opposing substrate is symmetrical arranged.
2. a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the positioning fixture and band The conveyer belt of transmission mechanism is fixed, and one of belt wheel of tape handler is driven by driving motor, another belt wheel is hinged on On objective table.
3. a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the length of first locating piece Degree is equal with width, and height is five times of length or more;The length of second locating piece is ten times of width or more.
4. a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the gasket recess is by half Arc groove and the two straight-line grooves composition for being arranged symmetrically in half-arc groove both ends;The inner end of straight-line groove is connected to half-arc groove, outer end Open setting;The opposite side wall of two straight-line grooves and the tangent setting of half-arc groove side wall.
5. a kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the driving motor, each Rotating electric machine, each linear movement motor and each electromagnet are controlled by controller, and the signal output end of each laser pickoff is equal It is connect with controller.
6. using a kind of method that door handle automatic assembly equipment carries out door handle assembling described in claim 5, feature exists In: specific step is as follows for this method:
1) it arranges on the ramp of door handle feed bin door handle, door handle tail portion is towards ramp bottom end, and the groove of door handle is upward, When first rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, the groove of door handle is corresponding with the vertical position of the first locating piece;On the ramp of outer cover feed bin Arrangement outer cover, the length direction of outer cover is vertical with ramp direction, and outer cover inner sidewall is upward, when the second rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, The circular hole at outer cover both ends and two convex cylindrical vertical positions of the second bottom surface of positioning block respectively correspond;It is arranged on the ramp of inner cover feed bin The length direction of cloth inner cover, inner cover is vertical with ramp direction, inside covers and the matched rectangular cam of the rectangular channel of third locating piece It is arranged upward, and rectangular cam, towards laser pickoff side, when third rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, rectangular cam and third are fixed The rectangular channel vertical position of position block bottom surface is corresponding;It arranges on the ramp of torsional spring feed bin torsional spring, when the 4th rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, Two torque arm locating slots of the 4th locating piece and two torque arm vertical positions of torsional spring respectively correspond;It is arranged on the ramp of washer feed bin Cloth washer;It arranges on the ramp of circlip feed bin circlip, the opening of circlip is towards laser pickoff side, and the 5th When rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, two power functional holes of circlip and two strut vertical positions of distraction plate bottom are right respectively It answers;
2) it when driving motor driving positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between door handle feed bin and door handle erector, drives Dynamic motor stalling, the first rotating electric machine rotate forward 90 °, and the first spill spin block face door handle feed bin, first straight line mobile motor drives First locating piece is inserted into the groove of door handle, and door handle is sucked in then the first electromagnet energization;Then the mobile electricity of first straight line Machine moves upwards, and the first rotating electric machine inverts 90 °, and first straight line mobile motor moves downward, the power-off of the first electromagnet, door handle It is installed in the door handle groove of door handle locating piece, first straight line mobile motor moves upwards reset, and driving motor starting is driven Dynamic positioning fixture moves forward;
3) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between outer cover feed bin and outer cover erector, driving motor stalling, second Rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and the second spill spin block face outer cover feed bin, second straight line mobile motor drives the second locating piece to move down It is inserted in outer cover, outer cover is sucked in then the second electromagnet energization;Then second straight line mobile motor moves upwards, the second electric rotating Machine inverts 90 °, and outer cover long side is parallel with guide rail at this time, and second straight line mobile motor moves downward, the power-off of the second electromagnet, outer cover It is installed in the first groove and the second groove, second straight line mobile motor moves upwards reset, driving motor starting driving positioning Fixture moves forward;
4) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between inner cover feed bin and inner cover erector, driving motor stalling, third Rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and third spill spin block face inner cover feed bin, third linear movement motor moves downward, and inner cover is inserted in third In locating piece, inner cover is sucked in the energization of third electromagnet;Then third linear movement motor moves upwards, the reversion of third rotating electric machine 90 °, third linear movement motor moves downward, and third electromagnet power-off, inner cover is installed in outer cover and covers on door handle, the Three linear movement motors move upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
5) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between torsional spring feed bin and torsional spring erector, driving motor stalling, the 4th Rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and the 4th spill spin block face torsional spring feed bin, the 4th linear movement motor moves downward, and torsional spring is inserted in the 4th In locating piece, torsional spring is sucked in the energization of the 4th electromagnet;Then the 4th linear movement motor moves upwards, the reversion of the 4th rotating electric machine 90 °, the 4th linear movement motor moves downward, and the 4th electromagnet power-off, torsional spring is installed in inner cover and covers on door handle, the Four linear movement motors move upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
6) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between washer feed bin and washer erector, driving motor stalling, the 5th Rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and the 5th spill spin block face torsional spring feed bin, the 5th linear movement motor moves downward, and gasket is inserted in the 5th In locating piece, gasket is sucked in the energization of the 5th electromagnet;Then the 5th linear movement motor moves upwards, the reversion of the 5th rotating electric machine 90 °, the 5th linear movement motor moves downward, and the 5th electromagnet power-off, gasket is installed on torsional spring and covers on door handle, the Five linear movement motors move upwards reset, and driving motor starting driving positioning fixture moves forward;
7) when positioning fixture is reached at the laser emitter between circlip feed bin and circlip erector, driving motor stops Turning, the 6th rotating electric machine rotates forward 90 °, and the 6th spill spin block face circlip feed bin 15, the 6th linear movement motor moves downward, Two struts of distraction plate bottom are inserted in two power functional holes of circlip, and two the 7th linear movement motor movements drive Two pieces of distraction plates are moved away from and strut circlip;Then the 6th linear movement motor moves upwards, and the 6th rotating electric machine is anti- Turn 90 °, the 6th linear movement motor moves downward, and two the 7th linear movement motor movements drive two pieces of distraction plates to move towards Circlip is closed, circlip is installed on gasket and covers on door handle;Two the 7th linear movement reset motors, the Six linear movement motors move upwards reset;
8) door handle assembly assembled is taken away, driving motor drives positioning fixture to reset, each to revolve in positioning fixture reseting procedure Rotating motor and each linear movement motor keep stop state.
CN201810109599.0A 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of door handle automatic assembly equipment and its method for assembling door handle Active CN108326543B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03256627A (en) * 1990-03-07 1991-11-15 Mitsubishi Automob Eng Co Ltd Assembling method of pzeppa joint and automatic assembling machine thereof
CN102390016A (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-03-28 长春工业大学 Automatic assembling line of liquefied petroleum gas cylinder valve
CN202910557U (en) * 2012-08-07 2013-05-01 中山市天键电声有限公司 Automatic assembling machine of microphone parts
CN203019017U (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-06-26 上海天怡塑胶工业有限公司 Handle component automatic assembling device
CN205166383U (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 广东庞德智能科技有限公司 Door handle kludge
CN105537931A (en) * 2016-01-31 2016-05-04 惠州市三协精密有限公司 Automatic assembling machine for door handle
CN206230232U (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-06-09 刘建生 A kind of automatic package system of door handle
CN106984967A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-07-28 广东龙泽精密组件有限公司 A kind of handle, handware automatic assembling

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03256627A (en) * 1990-03-07 1991-11-15 Mitsubishi Automob Eng Co Ltd Assembling method of pzeppa joint and automatic assembling machine thereof
CN102390016A (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-03-28 长春工业大学 Automatic assembling line of liquefied petroleum gas cylinder valve
CN202910557U (en) * 2012-08-07 2013-05-01 中山市天键电声有限公司 Automatic assembling machine of microphone parts
CN203019017U (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-06-26 上海天怡塑胶工业有限公司 Handle component automatic assembling device
CN205166383U (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-04-20 广东庞德智能科技有限公司 Door handle kludge
CN105537931A (en) * 2016-01-31 2016-05-04 惠州市三协精密有限公司 Automatic assembling machine for door handle
CN206230232U (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-06-09 刘建生 A kind of automatic package system of door handle
CN106984967A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-07-28 广东龙泽精密组件有限公司 A kind of handle, handware automatic assembling

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