CN108317563A - A kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy - Google Patents

A kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108317563A
CN108317563A CN201810088511.1A CN201810088511A CN108317563A CN 108317563 A CN108317563 A CN 108317563A CN 201810088511 A CN201810088511 A CN 201810088511A CN 108317563 A CN108317563 A CN 108317563A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
output
generator
hot water
water
water pump
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Pending
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CN201810088511.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贺素艳
赵帅
赵有信
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Qingdao University
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Qingdao University
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Priority to CN201810088511.1A priority Critical patent/CN108317563A/en
Publication of CN108317563A publication Critical patent/CN108317563A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/20Removing cooking fumes
    • F24C15/2028Removing cooking fumes using an air curtain

Abstract

The invention belongs to household electrical appliance preparing technical fields, it is related to a kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy, agent structure includes solar thermal collector, the first water pump, hot water storage tank, the second water pump, absorber, evaporator, surface-cooler, pressure fan, annular jet mouth, range fan shell, smoke exhaust main body, condenser, generator, auxiliary thermal source, anti-crystallinic pipe, solution pump, cooling tower and throttling set;Hot water circuit transfer pipeline is provided between the output end and generator of hot water storage tank, the output end of the pipeline is connect successively with generator, the second water pump and hot water storage tank pipe to constitute circuit, and the present invention has following benefit compared with prior art:Pass through the diffusion of the annular air curtain effectively isolating oil soot in smoke exhaust lower air fluidic vectoring thrust, the thermal energy needed for electric energy and refrigeration system is provided to the user using solar energy, it is small to indoor environmental pollution with efficient, clean energy, abundance, it is sustainable the advantages that.

Description

A kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy
Technical field:
The invention belongs to household electrical appliance preparing technical field, it is related to a kind of smoke exhaust of family kitchen, especially one Kind utilizes the cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust of solar energy.
Background technology:
As people's living standard increasingly improves, living circumstance is improved, and smoke exhaust has become family kitchen Indispensable household electrical appliance in room.Oil smoke preferably can be discharged to outdoor by present smoke exhaust, reduce oil smoke to room Between pollution.But existing smoke exhaust is due to the deficiency in structure, it is still to be improved in the efficiency of mist extractor, especially When oil smoke is splash at work, having many oil smoke cannot be discharged and be diffused into interior in time, not only polluted interior Environment also produces adverse effect to health.During the broiling summer, the stove fire high temperature generated when culinary art affects human body Comfort.
With the development of science and technology, the novel energies such as solar energy with the advantages such as its green cleaning, source abundance increasingly by Pay attention to, application of the solar energy in life increasingly increases, but there has been no a kind of by application of solar energy to smoke exhaust and can have The diffusion indoors of effect isolating oil soot and high temperature and the equipment for protecting indoor environment, therefore design a kind of cold wind using solar energy Air curtain formula smoke exhaust, provides electric energy and cold wind using solar energy for smoke exhaust in summer, can generate cold wind The diffusion of air curtain, isolating oil soot and high temperature indoors, protects indoor environment, improves human body comfort.
Invention content:
It is insufficient existing for existing smoke exhaust the purpose of the present invention is overcoming, seek to design a kind of cold wind using solar energy Air curtain formula smoke exhaust can reduce oil smoke by the cold air curtain of generation compared with the efficiency of the raising smoke exhaust of limits Diffusion, reduce influence to indoor environment and health, the cold air curtain of generation can effectively reduce indoor in summer Temperature provides more comfortable environment, while solar energy is utilized as drive energy.
To achieve the above object, the agent structure of the cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust of the present invention using solar energy Including:Solar thermal collector, the first water pump, hot water storage tank, the second water pump, absorber, evaporator, third water pump, surface cooling Device, pressure fan, annular jet mouth, range fan shell, smoke exhaust main body, smoke exhaust wind output channel, smoke exhaust air draft Wind turbine, user room, condenser, generator, auxiliary thermal source, power switch, accumulator, solar panel, numerical control adaptation, Anti-crystallinic pipe, solution pump, cooling tower, the 4th water pump and throttling set;It is set to the lower end and first of the solar thermal collector on roof One end piping connection of water pump, the other end of the first water pump and the output end piping connection of hot water storage tank, the first water pump is to general Thermal water source to be added is delivered in solar thermal collector, hot water storage tank to store solar thermal collector generation hot water, accumulation of heat water The output end of case is also provided with hot water circuit transfer pipeline between generator, the output end of the pipeline successively with generator, Two water pumps connect to constitute circuit with hot water storage tank pipe, and the hot water in hot water storage tank is made to flow through generator, flow through the heat of generator Water can be in heating generator weak solution and so that part moisture evaporation in weak solution is generated steam, the hot water of the hot water line exists It is cooled after heat dilute solution, is delivered in hot water storage tank and reheats through the second water pump;Weak solution after moisture evaporation becomes The output end of concentrated solution, generator is connected with absorber by the road, the concentrated solution in generator to be delivered in absorber; The output end piping connection of generator has condenser, and cooling circuit is provided between condenser and absorber, and structure is to absorb Piping connection has condenser, cooling tower and the 4th water pump, output end and the absorber pipeline of the 4th water pump to the output end of device successively Even constitute cooling circuit, when the cold generated in cooling tower flows through absorber under the driving of the 4th water pump, future flash-pot Condenser is taken away and continued flow through to the condensation latent heat that water vapour is condensed into water, absorbs by being generated in generator and being delivered to condenser Steam heat, and the water vapour in condenser is become into water as refrigerant, also piping connection has throttling to condenser output end successively Device and evaporator, the left end of evaporator and the right end piping connection of absorber fill water source in evaporator, via throttling set The water as refrigerant for being delivered to evaporator evaporates under low pressure, refrigeration effect is generated, to the water source in cooling evaporator;After evaporation In water vapour inflow absorber, to dilute the concentrated solution in absorber and generate weak solution, the left side piping connection of absorber has Generator is provided with the weak solution generated in absorber to be delivered to the solution pump in generator on this section of pipeline;Evaporation The right end of device is provided with cold output loop, and for the output pipe on the right side of evaporator, piping connection has third water pump to structure successively With the input terminal of surface-cooler, output end and the evaporator of surface-cooler connect and compose circuit, the surface-cooler Right end is provided with pressure fan, fills cold in evaporator, and it is cold that third water pump to the cold that generates evaporator is delivered to surface But device, and be delivered in the annular jet mouth on the right side of pressure fan through pressure fan, and be discharged to form annular cold wind through annular jet mouth Air curtain, the air duct that the annular jet mouth is formed between range fan shell and smoke exhaust main body, smoke exhaust The oil smoke generated when work is then under the action of exhaust fan by smoke exhaust wind output channel is discharged to the chimney of building Discharge is outdoor;
Further, the third water pump output end described in the present embodiment is additionally provided with room cooling circuit, the third water The right end piping connection of pump has room, cold to be delivered in room, cools down to the high temperature time, by room heat band It walks, the output end of room pipeline is connect with evaporator pipeline, is transmitted back in evaporator by the water of heat in room later, shape At closed cycle.
Further, auxiliary heating is provided on the pipeline that the output end of hot water storage tank is connect with generator in the present embodiment Pipeline avoids the solar thermal collector caused by long-term solar energy deficiency to carry out auxiliary heating to the water source of hot water storage tank Interior hot water temperature is inadequate, auxiliary heating pipeline pipeline agent structure be solar panel successively with numerical control adaptation, electricity Source switch and auxiliary thermal source electrical connection, the pipeline that the auxiliary thermal source is set to the output end of hot water storage tank and generator is connect On, to convert the electric energy of solar panel to, can to stablize be that electrical equipment in house supplies to the numerical control adaptation The electric energy of electricity.
Further, the numerical control adaptation in the present invention is also associated with accumulator, is generated to store solar panel Extra electric energy is with spare.
Further, it is provided with to prevent concentrated solution knot on the pipeline connected between generator and absorber in the present invention Brilliant anti-crystallinic pipe.
The present invention has following benefit compared with prior art:Pass through the annular in smoke exhaust lower air fluidic vectoring thrust Air curtain can effectively isolating oil soot diffusion, while the cold wind air curtain that air-conditioning system generation is utilized can improve human body Comfort level provides electric energy to the user using solar energy and provides the hot water needed for life and the heat needed for refrigeration system to the user Energy.It is small to indoor environmental pollution with efficient, be conducive to health, clean energy, abundance, it is sustainable the advantages that, master Body is simple in structure, and design concept is ingenious, energy-saving and environment friendly, and application environment is friendly, wide market.
Description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the agent structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode:
The invention is described in detail by way of example and in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1:
To achieve the above object, the main body knot for the cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy that the present embodiment is related to Structure includes:Solar thermal collector 1, the first water pump 2, hot water storage tank 3, the second water pump 4, absorber 5, evaporator 6, third water pump 7, Surface-cooler 8, pressure fan 9, annular jet mouth 10, range fan shell 11, smoke exhaust main body 12, smoke exhaust air draft wind Road 13, user room 15, condenser 16, generator 17, auxiliary thermal source 18, power switch 19, stores smoke exhaust exhaust fan 14 Battery 20, solar panel 21, numerical control adaptation 22, anti-crystallinic pipe 23, solution pump 24, cooling tower 25, the 4th water pump 26 and section Flow device 27;It is set to one end piping connection of the lower end and the first water pump 2 of the solar thermal collector 1 on roof, the first water pump 2 The output end piping connection of the other end and hot water storage tank 3, the first water pump 2 by thermal water source to be added being delivered to solar thermal collector In 1, hot water storage tank 3 to store the hot water of the generation of solar thermal collector 1, the output end of hot water storage tank 3 also with generator 17 it Between be provided with hot water circuit transfer pipeline, the output end of the pipeline is managed with generator 17, the second water pump 4 and hot water storage tank 3 successively It connects to constitute circuit, so that the hot water in hot water storage tank 3 is flowed through generator 17, generation can be heated by flowing through the hot water of generator 17 Weak solution in device 17 simultaneously makes part moisture evaporation in weak solution generate steam, and the hot water of the hot water line is after heat dilute solution It is cooled, it is delivered in hot water storage tank 3 and reheats through the second water pump 4;Weak solution after moisture evaporation becomes concentrated solution, occurs The output end of device 17 is connected with absorber 5 by the road, the concentrated solution in generator 17 to be delivered in absorber 5;Occur The output end piping connection of device 17 has condenser 16, and cooling circuit is provided between condenser 16 and absorber 5, and structure is to inhale Receiving the output end of device 5, piping connection has condenser 16, cooling tower 25 and the 4th water pump 26 successively, the output end of the 4th water pump 26 with 5 pipeline of absorber even constitutes cooling circuit, and the cold generated in cooling tower 25 flows through absorber 5 under the driving of the 4th water pump 26 When, the water vapour of flash-pot 6 was condensed into the condensation latent heat of water and took away and continue flow through condenser 16 future, absorbed by generator The heat of the steam of condenser 16 is generated and be delivered in 17, and the water vapour in condenser 16 is become into water as refrigerant, condenser Also piping connection has throttling set 27 and evaporator 6, the left end of evaporator 6 and the right end pipeline of absorber 5 to 16 output ends successively It connects, water source is filled in evaporator 6, the water as refrigerant that evaporator 6 is delivered to via throttling set 27 evaporates under low pressure, generates system Cold effect, to the water source in cooling evaporator 6;In water vapour inflow absorber 5 after evaporation, to dilute in absorber 5 Concentrated solution simultaneously generates weak solution, and the left side piping connection of absorber 5 has generator 17, is provided on this section of pipeline will absorb The weak solution generated in device 5 is delivered to the solution pump 24 in generator 17;The right end of the evaporator 6 is provided with cold and exports back Road, structure have the input terminal of third water pump 7 and surface-cooler 8 for the output pipe on the right side of evaporator 6 successively piping connection, The output end of surface-cooler 8 connects and composes circuit with evaporator 6, and the right end of the surface-cooler 8 is provided with pressure fan 9, Cold is filled in evaporator 6, third water pump 7 is delivered to surface-cooler 8 to the cold for generating evaporator 6, and through air-supply Machine is delivered in the annular jet mouth 10 on 9 right side of pressure fan, and is discharged through annular jet mouth 10 and is formed annular cold wind air curtain, institute State the air duct that annular jet mouth 10 is formed between range fan shell 11 and smoke exhaust main body 12, smoke exhaust work When the oil smoke that generates then under the action of exhaust fan 14 by smoke exhaust wind output channel 12 is discharged to the chimney of building Discharge is outdoor;
Further, 7 output end of third water pump described in the present embodiment is additionally provided with room cooling circuit, the third water The right end piping connection of pump 7 has room, cold to be delivered in room, cools down to the high temperature time, by room heat band It walks, output end and 6 piping connection of evaporator of room pipeline are transmitted back to by the water of heat in room in evaporator 6 later, Form closed cycle.
Further, auxiliary is provided on the pipeline that the output end of hot water storage tank 3 is connect with generator 17 in the present embodiment to add Pipe line avoids the solar energy heating caused by long-term solar energy deficiency to carry out auxiliary heating to the water source of hot water storage tank 3 Hot water temperature in device 1 is inadequate, and the agent structure of auxiliary heating pipeline pipeline is that solar panel 21 is matched with numerical control successively Device 22, power switch 19 and auxiliary thermal source 18 are electrically connected, and the auxiliary thermal source 18 is set to output end and the generation of hot water storage tank 3 On the pipeline that device 17 connects, the numerical control adaptation 22 is the electric energy of solar panel 21 to be converted into stablize The electric energy of power supply for electrical equipment in house.
Further, the numerical control adaptation 22 in the present embodiment is also associated with accumulator 20, to store solar cell Plate 21 generates extra electric energy with spare.
Further, it is provided with to prevent on the pipeline connected between generator 17 and absorber 5 in the present embodiment dense The anti-crystallinic pipe 23 of solution crystallization.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy, it is characterised in that its agent structure includes:Solar energy collection Hot device, the first water pump, hot water storage tank, the second water pump, absorber, evaporator, third water pump, surface-cooler, pressure fan, annular Jet orifice, range fan shell, smoke exhaust main body, smoke exhaust wind output channel, smoke exhaust exhaust fan, user room, Condenser, generator, auxiliary thermal source, power switch, accumulator, solar panel, numerical control adaptation, anti-crystallinic pipe, solution pump, Cooling tower, the 4th water pump and throttling set;It is set to the lower end of the solar thermal collector on roof and one end pipeline of the first water pump Connection, the other end of the first water pump and the output end piping connection of hot water storage tank, the first water pump is conveying thermal water source to be added Into solar thermal collector, hot water storage tank to store the hot water of solar thermal collector generation, the output end of hot water storage tank also with Be provided with hot water circuit transfer pipeline between generator, the output end of the pipeline successively with generator, the second water pump and accumulation of heat water Case pipe connects to constitute circuit, so that the hot water in hot water storage tank is flowed through generator, generation can be heated by flowing through the hot water of generator Weak solution in device simultaneously makes in weak solution part moisture evaporation generate steam, the hot water of the hot water line quilt after heat dilute solution It is cooling, it is delivered in hot water storage tank and reheats through the second water pump;Weak solution after moisture evaporation becomes concentrated solution, generator Output end is connected with absorber by the road, the concentrated solution in generator to be delivered in absorber;The output end of generator Piping connection has condenser, is provided with cooling circuit between condenser and absorber, structure be the output end of absorber successively Piping connection has condenser, cooling tower and the 4th water pump, output end and the absorber pipeline of the 4th water pump even to constitute cooling circuit, When the cold generated in cooling tower flows through absorber under the driving of the 4th water pump, future, the water vapour of flash-pot was condensed into water Condenser is taken away and continued flow through to condensation latent heat, absorbs the heat by the steam of condenser is generated and be delivered in generator, and Water vapour in condenser is become into water as refrigerant, also piping connection has throttling set and evaporator to condenser output end successively, steams The right end piping connection of the left end and absorber of device is sent out, water source is filled in evaporator, evaporator is delivered to via throttling set Water as refrigerant evaporates under low pressure, refrigeration effect is generated, to the water source in cooling evaporator;Water vapour after evaporation, which flows into, to be absorbed In device, to dilute the concentrated solution in absorber and generate weak solution, the left side piping connection of absorber has generator, this section of pipeline On be provided with the weak solution generated in absorber to be delivered to the solution pump in generator;The right end of evaporator is provided with cold Measure output loop, structure is that piping connection has the defeated of third water pump and surface-cooler successively for output pipe on the right side of evaporator Entering end, output end and the evaporator of surface-cooler connect and compose circuit, and the right end of the surface-cooler is provided with pressure fan, Cold is filled in evaporator, third water pump is delivered to surface-cooler to the cold for generating evaporator, and defeated through pressure fan It send in the annular jet mouth on the right side of pressure fan, and is discharged to form annular cold wind air curtain through annular jet mouth, the annular is penetrated The air duct that head piece is formed between range fan shell and smoke exhaust main body, the oil smoke that smoke exhaust generates when working is then Outdoor is discharged by smoke exhaust wind output channel is discharged to the chimney of building under the action of exhaust fan.
2. a kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that third Water pump output end is additionally provided with room cooling circuit, and the right end piping connection of the third water pump has room, to cold is defeated It sending to room, cools down to the high temperature time, room heat is taken away, the output end of room pipeline is connect with evaporator pipeline, It is transmitted back in evaporator by the water of heat in room later, forms closed cycle.
3. a kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that accumulation of heat Auxiliary heating pipeline is provided on the pipeline that the output end of water tank is connect with generator, it is auxiliary to be carried out to the water source of hot water storage tank Heating is helped, avoids the hot water temperature caused by long-term solar energy deficiency in solar thermal collector inadequate, auxiliary heating pipeline pipe The agent structure on road is that solar panel is electrically connected with numerical control adaptation, power switch and auxiliary thermal source successively, the auxiliary On the pipeline that heat source is set to the output end of hot water storage tank and generator is connect, the numerical control adaptation is to by solar cell The electric energy of plate be converted into can stablize be power supply for electrical equipment in house electric energy.
4. a kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy according to claim 2, it is characterised in that numerical control Adaptation is also associated with accumulator, and extra electric energy is generated with spare to store solar panel.
5. a kind of cold wind air curtain formula mist extractor using solar energy according to any claim in claim 1-4 Machine, it is characterised in that the anti-crystallinic pipe for preventing concentrated solution from crystallizing is provided on the pipeline connected between generator and absorber.
CN201810088511.1A 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy Pending CN108317563A (en)

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CN201810088511.1A CN108317563A (en) 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of cold wind air curtain formula smoke exhaust using solar energy

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04292735A (en) * 1991-03-19 1992-10-16 Matsushita Seiko Co Ltd Oven hood
CN203421761U (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-02-05 海尔集团公司 Air curtain range hood
CN203421766U (en) * 2013-08-20 2014-02-05 方军 Cooling synergistic type range hood
CN205641071U (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-10-12 曾雪华 Novel air curtain formula smoke ventilator
CN206281104U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-06-27 大象建筑设计有限公司 High efficiency solar refrigeration unit

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04292735A (en) * 1991-03-19 1992-10-16 Matsushita Seiko Co Ltd Oven hood
CN203421761U (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-02-05 海尔集团公司 Air curtain range hood
CN203421766U (en) * 2013-08-20 2014-02-05 方军 Cooling synergistic type range hood
CN205641071U (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-10-12 曾雪华 Novel air curtain formula smoke ventilator
CN206281104U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-06-27 大象建筑设计有限公司 High efficiency solar refrigeration unit

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Application publication date: 20180724

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