CN108312107A - A kind of hood-opening device and method suitable for different CPU - Google Patents

A kind of hood-opening device and method suitable for different CPU Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108312107A
CN108312107A CN201810138669.5A CN201810138669A CN108312107A CN 108312107 A CN108312107 A CN 108312107A CN 201810138669 A CN201810138669 A CN 201810138669A CN 108312107 A CN108312107 A CN 108312107A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
blade
slide unit
cpu
limit base
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201810138669.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵晓月
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赵晓月
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Priority to CN201810138669.5A priority Critical patent/CN108312107A/en
Publication of CN108312107A publication Critical patent/CN108312107A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B27/00Hand tools, specially adapted for fitting together or separating parts or objects whether or not involving some deformation, not otherwise provided for
    • B25B27/14Hand tools, specially adapted for fitting together or separating parts or objects whether or not involving some deformation, not otherwise provided for for assembling objects other than by press fit or detaching same

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of hood-opening devices and method suitable for different CPU, belong to computer equipment related field.Hood-opening device part includes mainly:Pedestal;The limit base being fixedly connected with the pedestal;X-axis inserted block and Y-axis inserted block are plugged on the limit base;The Y-axis slide unit being fixedly connected with the pedestal;The X-axis slide unit driven by the Y-axis slide unit;Blade on the Y-axis slide unit;Z axis detent mechanism positioned at the limit base side, Z axis detent mechanism have Z axis briquetting, have the square indentations for accommodating metal cover on Z axis briquetting;Wherein, the sum of width of the X-axis slide unit and blade is less than the distance between Z axis detent mechanism and limit base.The present apparatus can be cut open portion adhesive layer by designing completely new structure.Ensure that blade moving direction is parallel with pcb board, while realizing that CPU uncaps, does not damage pcb board, and can uncap suitable for various sizes of CPU during rubber tapping.

Description

A kind of hood-opening device and method suitable for different CPU
Technical field
The present invention relates to computer equipment related fields, in particular to a kind of dress of uncapping suitable for different CPU It sets and method.
Background technology
CPU is analyzed from structure, includes mainly three kernel, pcb board and metal cover components.Wherein, kernel is located at pcb board Center, metal cover are adhered to by viscose glue on pcb board, and the center portion of metal cover is close to kernel.To ensure heat dissipation effect, usually Meeting is in package metals lid in kernel top surface coating silicone grease to avoid there are air between kernel top surface and metal cover.
Part power consumption is more than the high-performance CPU of 100W, and calorific value is also larger.Even if installing water-cooling, full load condition additional Lower CPU can be more than still 70 DEG C.This can undoubtedly reduce CPU life expectancies to a certain extent, improve the cost of cooling system, together When generate huge noise.
It is fully loaded with temperature in order to reduce CPU, portion of techniques personnel can detach metal cover with pcb board, clean up coated on interior The silicone grease of core top surface, then liquid metal is refilled, finally by metal cover artificial encapsulation.Because being filled out between kernel and metal cover Liquid metal is filled, so the capacity of heat transmission of CPU greatly improves, the fully loaded temperature of CPU can decline to a great extent.
But technical staff is before uncapping, it usually needs a hand holds CPU, and another holds cutter, blade is inserted Enter between metal cover and pcb board, then moves cutter and isolate adhesive-layer, finally tear metal cover and pcb board.It tapped rubber Cheng Zhong can cause blade to scratch PCB because can not ensure that the power being applied on blade is parallel to pcb board and metal cover outer rim always, CPU is set to scrap.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, in the prior art, the related academic research in direction of uncapping about CPU is had existed.Example Such as:The Chinese patent literature of Publication No. CN105945865A provides a kind of device for releasing closures being used to open CPU head covers.The program In, pcb board is limited by ontology, jacking block applies horizontal force to metal cover, and metal cover is forced to be detached with pcb board.
And found in actual mechanical process, it is flat-pushing by force because the viscose glue bonding force of original package pcb board and metal cover is very big Metal cover can make pcb board generate displacement trend in the same direction, and pcb board is squeezed with ontology, and pcb board then generates naked eyes and is difficult to discover deformation, Internal circuit is caused to damage, CPU scraps.
In conclusion, there is certain defect in various methods uncapped to CPU in the prior art.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of dress of uncapping suitable for different CPU It sets.The present apparatus can be cut open portion adhesive layer by designing completely new structure.Rubber tapping during ensure blade moving direction with Pcb board is parallel, while realizing that CPU uncaps, does not damage pcb board, and can uncap suitable for various sizes of CPU.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of hood-opening device suitable for different CPU, including:
Pedestal;
The limit base being fixedly connected with the pedestal;X-axis inserted block and Y-axis inserted block are plugged on the limit base;
The Y-axis slide unit being fixedly connected with the pedestal;
The X-axis slide unit driven by the Y-axis slide unit;
Blade on the Y-axis slide unit;
Z axis detent mechanism positioned at the limit base side, Z axis detent mechanism have Z axis briquetting, have on Z axis briquetting Square indentations for accommodating metal cover;
Wherein, the sum of width of the X-axis slide unit and blade is less than the distance between Z axis detent mechanism and limit base, makes Blade can carry out X-axis movement between Z axis detent mechanism and limit base, realization is to CPU adhesive-layers X to cutting.
Preferably, the X-axis slide unit includes X-axis carriage saddle;
X-axis carriage saddle forms screw-thread fit with X-axis screw rod;
X-axis screw rod is rotatablely connected with tool apron;Blade is mounted on tool apron;
Tool apron is fixedly connected with X-axis guide rod;
X-axis guide rod and X-axis carriage saddle clearance fit.
Preferably, the Y-axis slide unit includes Y-axis carriage saddle;
The both ends of Y-axis carriage saddle are separately installed with bearing block;
Y-axis screw rod is installed in the bearing block;
The Y-axis screw rod forms screw-thread fit with Y-axis sliding block;
Y-axis sliding block is slidably matched with Y-axis guide rail formation;
Y-axis guide rail is mounted on Y-axis carriage saddle.
Preferably, the Z axis detent mechanism includes L-type support, and L-type support forms screw-thread fit with Z axis screw rod;
The lower end of Z axis screw rod is rotatablely connected with Z axis briquetting;
The square indentations are located at Z axis briquetting lower part.
Preferably, the blade includes main part and blade part (blade is preferably high speed steel material).
Preferably, the blade part is arc;
Blade part protrudes from the tool apron in X-axis and Y-axis both direction.
While providing above structure scheme, the present invention also carrying out what CPU uncapped for a kind of using above-mentioned apparatus Method mainly includes the following steps:
S1. CPU is positioned on limit base;
S2. the decline of Z axis briquetting is enabled to be fastened on metal cover;
S3. it enables blade X-axis move, blade is made to be inserted between metal cover and pcb board;
S4. it enables blade Y-axis move, completes to cut the Y-axis side of adhesive-layer;
S5. when blade is located at the corner location of limit base, stop blade movement;
S6. it enables blade X-axis move again, completes to cut the X-axis side of adhesive-layer;
S7. CPU is taken out, metal cover is torn with pcb board with hand and is completed.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) it can ensure that blade holding during cutting adhesive-layer is horizontal, prevent blade from scratching pcb board and CPU is caused to report It is useless.
(2) during uncapping, pcb board whole process by horizontal force, does not have displacement trend, crimp will not occur substantially.
(3) blade protrudes from tool apron in X-axis and Y-axis, and can carry out X-axis and Y-axis movement, then the present apparatus may be implemented Primary to be inserted into, about 48% adhesive-layer is cut open, further reduced difficulty of uncapping by both sides cutting.
(4) X-axis inserted block is plugged in Y-axis inserted block on limit base, can be realized to not by replacing various sizes of inserted block With the positioning of same CPU, then the present apparatus is just suitable for uncapping to different size CPU.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the rearview of the present invention;
The right view of Fig. 4 present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of Z axis briquetting in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of X-axis slide unit in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of X-axis carriage saddle in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of Y-axis slide unit in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of blade in the present invention;
Figure 10 is the cooperation figure of limit base in the present invention, X-axis inserted block and Y-axis inserted block;
Figure 11 is the front view of Figure 10;
Wherein:
Pedestal 101;
Limit base 201, flange 202, concave station 203;X-axis slot 204, X-axis inserted block 205, Y-axis slot 206, Y-axis inserted block 207, lug boss 208;
Y-axis slide unit 301, Y-axis carriage saddle 302, Y-axis sliding block 303, Y-axis screw rod 304, bearing block 305, Y-axis guide rail 306, Y Axis handle 307;
X-axis slide unit 401, tool apron 402, X-axis screw rod 403, X-axis guide rod 404, X-axis carriage saddle 405, X-axis handle 406, X-axis Pilot hole 407, X-axis threaded hole 408, X-axis bearing 409;
Z axis detent mechanism 501, L-type support 502, Z axis briquetting 503, Z axis screw rod 504, square indentations 505, Z axis handle 506, Z axis bearing 507;
Blade 601, main part 602, blade part 603.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment:A kind of hood-opening device suitable for different CPU, agent structure is as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, Including:
Pedestal 101;Limit base 201, Y-axis slide unit 301 and Z axis detent mechanism 501 have been respectively fixedly connected on pedestal 101;Y Axis slide unit 301 is located at the X-direction of limit base 201, and Z axis detent mechanism 501 is located at the Y-direction of limit base 201.Limit base 201 There is flange 202, then the part for not having flange 202 just becomes the concave station 203 for placing pcb board on two of which side. Under normal conditions, concave station 203 is square.
On Y-axis slide unit 301, X-axis slide unit 401 is installed so that Y-axis slide unit 301 can drive X-axis slide unit 401 to carry out Y Axis slides.
With reference to shown in figure 1, Figure 10 and Figure 11, there is X-axis slot 204 and Y-axis slot 206, X-axis inserted block on limit base 201 205 are plugged in X-axis slot 204, and Y-axis inserted block 207 is plugged in Y-axis slot 206.X-axis inserted block 205 and Y-axis inserted block 207 have There is lug boss 208.After two inserted blocks are inserted into limit base 201, so that it may to be positioned suitable for the CPU of reduced size.Selection has The inserted block of different lug boss width, you can the present apparatus is enabled to be suitable for different sizes from CPU.When two inserted blocks are all removed, i.e., It is applicable to large scale CPU.
With reference to shown in figure 1 and Fig. 8:Y-axis slide unit 301 includes the Y-axis carriage saddle 302 being fixedly connected on pedestal 101, Y-axis The rear and front end of carriage saddle 302 is separately installed with bearing block 305, and the left and right ends of Y-axis carriage saddle 302 are separately installed with Y-axis and lead Rail 306.Y-axis screw rod 304 is mounted in the inner ring of bearing block 305, wherein:The both ends of Y-axis screw rod 304 are smooth section, intermediate For thread segment, smooth section coordinates with bearing block 305.Meanwhile one end of Y-axis screw rod 304 protrudes from Y-axis carriage saddle 302 and and Y Axis handle 307 is fixedly connected.The Y-axis sliding block 303 and Y-axis screw rod 304 for being threaded through-hole form screw-thread fit;And Y-axis sliding block 303 are also slidably matched with the formation of Y-axis guide rail 306.Y-axis handle 307 is rotated with hand, then Y-axis sliding block 303 can be moved forward and backward.
With reference to shown in figure 1, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7:X-axis slide unit 401 includes the X-axis carriage saddle being fixedly connected with Y-axis sliding block 303 405, there is on X-axis carriage saddle 405 X-axis pilot hole 407 and X-axis threaded hole 408.X-axis screw rod 403 and the formation of X-axis threaded hole 408 Screw-thread fit, wherein:The both ends of X-axis screw rod 403 are smooth section, and centre is thread segment.It protrudes at the both ends of X-axis screw rod 403 In X-axis carriage saddle 405, one end is rotatably assorted by X-axis bearing 409 and the formation of tool apron 402, and the other end is fixed with X-axis handle 406 Connection.The tool apron 402 is fixedly connected with X-axis guide rod 404, and X-axis guide rod 404, which is inserted into X-axis pilot hole 407, makes X-axis guide rod 404 form clearance fit with X-axis carriage saddle 405.
With reference to shown in figure 1 and Fig. 9, a blade 601 is removably connected on tool apron 402.The blade 601 includes main part 602 and blade part 603, blade 601 is high speed steel material.Its blade part 603 is arc, and blade part 603 is in X-axis and Y-axis two The tool apron 402 is protruded from a direction.
Because X-axis carriage saddle 405 is fixedly connected with Y-axis sliding block 303, with hand rotation Y-axis handle 307, Y-axis screw rod 304 can rotate and then X-axis carriage saddle 405 is driven to carry out Y-axis movement.
With reference to shown in figure 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, Z axis detent mechanism 501 includes the L-type support 502 being fixedly connected with pedestal 101, L-type support 502 forms screw-thread fit with Z axis screw rod 504;The both ends of Z axis screw rod 504 are smooth section, and centre is thread segment.Z The lower end of axis screw rod 504 is rotatablely connected with Z axis briquetting 503 by Z axis bearing 507, and upper end is fixedly connected with Z axis handle 506;Z 503 lower part of axis briquetting has the square indentations 505 for accommodating metal cover.
Rotation connection mentioned in the present invention is also known as bearing connection:It is light end and the bearing inner race interference of a screw rod Cooperation, bearing outer ring are interference fitted with component.Then do not take turns how screw rod rotates, component does not rotate and mobile (such as X-axis screw rod 403 are exactly rotatably assorted by bearing realization with tool apron 402, and Z axis screw rod 504 is also by bearing realization turn with Z axis briquetting 503 Dynamic cooperation).
Shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 6, the width of tool apron 402 is equal with the width of X-axis carriage saddle 405.Because of knife The sum of seat 402 and the width of blade 601 (i.e. overall width) are less than the distance between Z axis detent mechanism 501 and limit base 201, institute With when the progress X of tool apron 402 is to when movement, blade 601 can shuttle between Z axis detent mechanism 501 and limit base 201, Realize the cutting to CPU adhesive-layer X-axis.
It is as follows that the method that CPU uncaps is carried out using the present apparatus:
S1. CPU is positioned on concave station 203;
S2. rotation Z axis handle 506, makes Z axis briquetting 503 decline, then square indentations 505 are fastened on metal cover;
S3. rotation X-axis handle 406, makes blade 601 be inserted between metal cover and pcb board;
S4. rotation Y-axis handle 307, makes blade 601 carry out Y-axis movement, then adhesive-layer Y-axis side is cut;
S5. when blade 601 is located at the lower right position of limit base 201 shown in Fig. 1, the Y-axis that stops operating handle 307;
S6. rotation X-axis handle 406, makes blade 601 carry out Y-axis movement, then adhesive-layer X-axis side is cut;
S7. CPU is taken out, metal cover is torn with pcb board with hand and is completed.
In the present invention, blade 601 is mounted on tool apron 402, so can not rotate.Again because the movement of blade 601 is complete It is driven by tool apron 402, so no matter blade 601 carries out X-axis or Y-axis movement, horizontality is in always, so will not Because angle with horizontal plane, which changes, causes damage pcb board.
Blade 601 can independent progress X-axis and Y-axis movement, only needed blade so being uncapped using the present apparatus 601 be inserted into CPU the lower left corner, you can complete CPU cut on one side after blade without secondary insertion under the premise of to another side into Row cutting prevents the accidental damage caused by 601 2 insertion CPU of blade.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, of the invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to consistent with principles disclosed herein and feature Widest range.

Claims (13)

1. a kind of hood-opening device suitable for different CPU, which is characterized in that including:
Pedestal;
The limit base being fixedly connected with the pedestal;X-axis inserted block and Y-axis inserted block are plugged on the limit base;
The Y-axis slide unit being fixedly connected with the pedestal;
The X-axis slide unit driven by the Y-axis slide unit;
Blade on the Y-axis slide unit;
Z axis detent mechanism positioned at the limit base side, Z axis detent mechanism have Z axis briquetting, have on Z axis briquetting and be used for Accommodate the square indentations of metal cover;
Wherein, the sum of width of the X-axis slide unit and blade is less than the distance between Z axis detent mechanism and limit base.
2. hood-opening device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the X-axis slide unit includes X-axis carriage saddle;
X-axis carriage saddle forms screw-thread fit with X-axis screw rod;
X-axis screw rod is rotatablely connected with tool apron;
Tool apron is fixedly connected with X-axis guide rod;
X-axis guide rod and X-axis carriage saddle clearance fit.
3. hood-opening device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Y-axis slide unit includes Y-axis carriage saddle;
The both ends of Y-axis carriage saddle are separately installed with bearing block;
Y-axis screw rod is installed in the bearing block;
The Y-axis screw rod forms screw-thread fit with Y-axis sliding block;
Y-axis sliding block is slidably matched with Y-axis guide rail formation;
Y-axis guide rail is mounted on Y-axis carriage saddle.
4. hood-opening device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Z axis detent mechanism includes L-type support, L-type branch Frame forms screw-thread fit with Z axis screw rod;
The lower end of Z axis screw rod is rotatablely connected with Z axis briquetting;
The square indentations are located at Z axis briquetting lower part.
5. hood-opening device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the blade includes main part and blade part (blade Preferably high speed steel material).
6. hood-opening device according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the blade part is arc;
Blade part protrudes from the tool apron in X-axis and Y-axis both direction.
7. a kind of carrying out the method that CPU uncaps using claim 1-6 any one of them hood-opening devices, which is characterized in that step It is rapid as follows:
S1. CPU is positioned on limit base;
S2. the decline of Z axis briquetting is enabled to be fastened on metal cover;
S3. it enables blade X-axis move, blade is made to be inserted between metal cover and pcb board;
S4. it enables blade Y-axis move, completes to cut the Y-axis side of adhesive-layer;
S5. when blade is located at the corner location of limit base, stop blade movement;
S6. it enables blade X-axis move again, completes to cut the X-axis side of adhesive-layer;
S7. CPU is taken out, metal cover is torn with pcb board with hand and is completed.
CN201810138669.5A 2018-02-10 2018-02-10 A kind of hood-opening device and method suitable for different CPU Withdrawn CN108312107A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810138669.5A CN108312107A (en) 2018-02-10 2018-02-10 A kind of hood-opening device and method suitable for different CPU

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810138669.5A CN108312107A (en) 2018-02-10 2018-02-10 A kind of hood-opening device and method suitable for different CPU

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108312107A true CN108312107A (en) 2018-07-24

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810138669.5A Withdrawn CN108312107A (en) 2018-02-10 2018-02-10 A kind of hood-opening device and method suitable for different CPU

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108312107A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2775639Y (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-04-26 徐地华 Three dimension moving driver and gong type sampler using said device
CN101391413A (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-25 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Pulling tool
CN201320746Y (en) * 2009-01-06 2009-10-07 英华达(上海)科技有限公司 Device for screening cover disassembly
CN203792204U (en) * 2014-03-11 2014-08-27 武汉光韵达科技有限公司 PCB clamp
CN105945865A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-09-21 潘敏舟 Cap opener used for opening top cap of CPU

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2775639Y (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-04-26 徐地华 Three dimension moving driver and gong type sampler using said device
CN101391413A (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-25 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Pulling tool
CN201320746Y (en) * 2009-01-06 2009-10-07 英华达(上海)科技有限公司 Device for screening cover disassembly
CN203792204U (en) * 2014-03-11 2014-08-27 武汉光韵达科技有限公司 PCB clamp
CN105945865A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-09-21 潘敏舟 Cap opener used for opening top cap of CPU

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Application publication date: 20180724