CN108308627A - A kind of hickory kernel takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing - Google Patents

A kind of hickory kernel takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108308627A
CN108308627A CN201711446557.8A CN201711446557A CN108308627A CN 108308627 A CN108308627 A CN 108308627A CN 201711446557 A CN201711446557 A CN 201711446557A CN 108308627 A CN108308627 A CN 108308627A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pressure
hickory kernel
roller
clothing
takes
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Granted
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CN201711446557.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108308627B (en
Inventor
高军龙
赵文革
陈岳祥
陈龙
田玮
汪庆龙
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HANGZHOU YAOSHENGJI FOOD CO Ltd
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HANGZHOU YAOSHENGJI FOOD CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201711446557.8A priority Critical patent/CN108308627B/en
Publication of CN108308627A publication Critical patent/CN108308627A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • A23N5/002Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts for skinning nut kernels

Abstract

The physical method that benevolence clothing is taken off the invention discloses a kind of hickory kernel first pours into the hickory kernel chosen in the fermentation vat for filling 40 60 DEG C of warm water so that hickory kernel clothing softens;Then, hickory kernel after immersion is sent into roller and taken off and takes off benevolence clothing in benevolence clothing machine, it includes rack that the roller, which takes off benevolence clothing machine, the driving motor of roller, driving drum rotation in rack, and the governor of regulating rotation speed of drum, the both ends of the roller are respectively equipped with inlet port and outlet port, the inner wall of the roller is equipped with the deflector of spiral distribution, the barrel of the roller offers draining deslagging through-hole, high-pressure water jet section is being arranged by feed inlet one end in the roller, and section is being blown by discharge port one end setting high pressure gas.The present invention is softened using warm water, high-pressure water jet and high pressure gas injection cooperation hand picking achieve the purpose that hickory kernel takes off benevolence clothing, solves the environmental problem that hickory kernel mouthfeel is astringent, oxidation deterioration, nutritive loss and alkaline process of thermophilic digestion link are undressed.

Description

A kind of hickory kernel takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing
Technical field
The present invention relates to foods processing techniques, and in particular to hickory kernel takes off the technical field of benevolence clothing.
Background technology
Hickory nut is a kind of deciduous tree, belongs to Juglandaceae hickory, and there are about 20 kinds, China is one of source area.Mesh Preceding China produces 30000 tons or so of hickory nut raw material per year, and Hangzhou accounts for about national total output about 2/3, is the important economy of local farmers One of crop.It is sweet in flavor that hickory kernel is crisp, and fragrance is pressing, can extract oil, stir-fry and eat, and also can be used as the condiment for making candy and cake. The fruit of hickory nut has high nutritive value and unique taste flavor, and 17% -27% protein is contained in kernel, 60% -70% fat also contains multivitamin and trace element, while hickory nut has brain tonic, kidney tonifying, warm lung, ease constipation Etc. multiple health cares.
Although hickory kernel is full of nutrition, it is convenient to eat, and crispy in taste is well received by consumers, and hickory kernel adds Work industry has the following problems:
1. containing a large amount of tanning matter in hickory kernel clothing, it is also easy to produce strong bitterness sense, easy brown stain in processing influences Product quality.Currently, mainly being cooked off by salt, alkali mixing water puckery, this mode not only makes in hickory kernel nutriment lose, The antioxidant of nut itself can be also destroyed, the later stage also needs to that a large amount of fragrance, salt, sugar etc. is added to cover astringent taste, with mesh The healthy diet requirement of preceding less salt, low sugar is not inconsistent.
2. the current pure physics of hickory kernel, which takes off benevolence clothing technology, is substantially at space state, undressed mainly or using alkaline process, The dipping by lye time is long, and efficiency is low, and a large amount of nutritional ingredients are lost under lye effect in hickory kernel, while the waste water generated is tight Heavily contaminated environment is not inconsistent with current environment protection requirement.
3. hickory kernel particle is small, benevolence clothing is thin, combination degree between poor toughness, with meat benevolence more closely, especially divide Fold of the cloth on hickory kernel is tiny.Accordingly, with respect to the de- benevolence clothing difficulty bigger of hickory kernel for big walnut kernel.
Invention content
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are just to provide the physical method that a kind of hickory kernel takes off benevolence clothing, not only can be with Hickory kernel clothing is effectively removed, and avoids nutrient loss in processing procedure and generates contaminated wastewater environment.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of hickory kernel takes off the physics side of benevolence clothing Method first pours into the hickory kernel chosen in the fermentation vat for filling 40-60 DEG C of warm water so that hickory kernel clothing softens;So Afterwards, the hickory kernel after immersion is sent into roller and taken off and take off benevolence clothing in benevolence clothing machine, it includes rack that the roller, which takes off benevolence clothing machine, is set to machine Roller, the driving motor of driving drum rotation on frame and the governor of regulating rotation speed of drum, the both ends difference of the roller Equipped with inlet port and outlet port, the inner wall of the roller is equipped with the deflector of spiral distribution, and the barrel of the roller opens up There are draining deslagging through-hole, the roller that high-pressure water jet section is being set by feed inlet one end, high pressure is being set by discharge port one end Section is blown in gas blowout, and the high-pressure water jet section is equipped with the high-pressure spraying assembly for generating high-pressure water jet, and the high pressure gas injection section is set There is the high-pressure jet assembly for generating high pressure blow smelting operation air;In high-pressure water jet section high-pressure water shot is sprayed using high-pressure spraying assembly Stream carries out hickory kernel to take off benevolence clothing for the first time, with the impetus of the deflector of inner wall of rotary drum spiral distribution, by high pressure Water jet, which takes off the hickory kernel after benevolence clothing and enters high pressure gas gas blowout, blows section, using the injection of high-pressure jet assembly pressure-air with Friction is generated between hickory kernel, the fiber and the benevolence clothing in fold for further removing hickory kernel surface reach secondary and go The purpose of benevolence clothing.
Preferably, the high-pressure spraying assembly includes high pressure water jet pipe, and high pressure water jet pipe passes through pumping system and water storage System connects, several hydraulic sprays are uniformly arranged on high pressure water jet pipe.
Preferably, the pumping system includes high-pressure hydraulic pump, and the high-pressure hydraulic pump is connect by upper hose with water storage system, The water storage system includes at least two cycle aqua storage tanks being connected to by overflow manner.
Preferably, the roller is set in babinet, and the bottom of the babinet is equipped with discharge outlet, at least two cycle aqua storage tanks Below babinet and the presentation mode that the front is high and the back is low is connected by overflow pipe, wherein the cycle aqua storage tank setting of front first exists Below discharge outlet, and top-open is equipped with the first strainer, before first cycle aqua storage tank second is provided at overflow port Strainer.
Preferably, the high pressure water jet pipe is located at 60-120mm above drum central axis, and the hydraulic spray is a diameter of 0.5-0.8mm, the spacing between the hydraulic spray are 6-12mm, and high-pressure water jet hydraulic pressure is 0.03-0.05mpa, spray Direction angle with horizontal plane is 60-80 degree.
Preferably, the high pressure water jet pipe has four rows, several hydraulic sprays are respectively provided on every group of high pressure water jet pipe, It is distributed in a manner of staggered between four row's hydraulic sprays.
Preferably, high pressure gas injection section is equipped with high pressure gas jet pipe, and high pressure gas jet pipe passes through pipe-line system and pneumatics Machine connects, and high pressure gas jets are equipped on high pressure gas jet pipe.
Preferably, the high pressure gas jet pipe is located at 60-120mm above drum central axis, the high pressure gas jets it is straight Diameter is 1-2mm, and the spacing between high pressure gas jets is 4-8mm, and high pressure gas injection pressure is 0.01-0.03mpa.
Preferably, the length ratio of the high-pressure water jet section and high pressure gas injection section is 5-8:2.
Preferably, heater is installed, the fermentation vat and roller carry between taking off benevolence clothing machine equipped with climbing in the fermentation vat Fermentation vat is accessed in the machine of liter, the climbing elevator lower end, and roller feed inlet is stretched into upper end, and the discharge port is connected with conveyer belt.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention utilizes warm water softening, high-pressure water jet and high pressure gas injection cooperation hand picking Method achieve the purpose that hickory kernel takes off benevolence clothing.Advantage is:
The present invention uses pure physical method, whole process not to use any chemicals, also do not need prolonged thermophilic digestion, Can effectively remove hickory kernel clothing, solve astringent hickory kernel mouthfeel, oxidation deterioration of thermophilic digestion link, nutritive loss with And the environmental problem that alkaline process is undressed.
Diseases caused by external factors that the present invention takes off the hickory kernel after benevolence clothing are pure white, sweet mouthfeel is without astringent taste.Benevolence clothing in hickory nut can be made de- Up to 90% or more, the breakage rate for taking off the hickory kernel after benevolence clothing controls below 15% benevolence clothing rate.
Description of the drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram that hickory kernel roller takes off benevolence clothing machine;
Fig. 2 is the distributed architecture schematic diagram of deflector after roller expansion;
Fig. 3 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of high-pressure spraying assembly.
Specific implementation mode
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the features in the embodiments and the embodiments of the present application can phase Mutually combination.The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Below Description only actually at least one exemplary embodiment is illustrative, is never used as to the present invention and its application or makes Any restrictions.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creative work premise Lower obtained every other embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention for the deficiency and blank in the prior art, provide a kind of hickory kernel of pure physics take off benevolence clothing equipment and Technical method.
A kind of hickory kernel takes off the physical equipment of benevolence clothing, including fermentation vat, climbing elevator and hickory kernel roller take off Benevolence clothing machine, wherein installation heater and foraminous conveyer in fermentation vat, the fermentation vat outer wall are equipped with insulating layer.Climbing elevator Between fermentation vat and hickory kernel roller take off benevolence clothing machine.Fermentation vat main function is that hickory kernel takes off the immersion before benevolence clothing, While hickory kernel is conveyed along foraminous conveyer, completion carries out immersion emollescence to hickory kernel surface outer skin, is conducive to next The de- benevolence clothing operation of step, soaking time can be according to the processing technology sets itselfs of client oneself, and the foraminous conveyer speed of service can be with Stepless time adjustment may be implemented temperature automatically controlled to have the function that adjust soaking time by the control of heater, and insulating layer can be with Slow down fermentation vat heat losses speed.After hickory kernel uniformly impregnates, hickory kernel rolling is automatically transported to through elevator of climbing The foraminous conveyer of the de- benevolence clothing machine of cylinder, elevator of climbing uses 304 Stainless Steel Chain Board guipure of food-grade, the speed of service that can pass through tune Fast device is adjusted, and is realized with the processing speed of conveying speed and the de- benevolence clothing machine of hickory kernel roller with foraminous conveyer in fermentation vat Linking.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, it includes rack 1 that hickory kernel roller, which takes off benevolence clothing machine, roller 2, driving rolling in rack The driving motor of cylinder rotation and the governor of regulating rotation speed of drum, the both ends of the roller are respectively equipped with feed inlet 21 and go out Material mouth 22, the inner wall of the roller are equipped with the deflector 23 of spiral distribution, and the barrel of the roller offers draining deslagging High-pressure water jet section is being arranged by feed inlet one end in through-hole, the roller, and section, institute are being blown by discharge port one end setting high pressure gas It states high-pressure water jet section and is equipped with the high-pressure spraying assembly for generating high-pressure water jet, the high pressure gas injection section, which is equipped with, generates high pressure spray Blow the high-pressure jet assembly of air.Climb elevator lower end access fermentation vat, and with foraminous conveyer joining distal ends in fermentation vat, Roller feed inlet 21 is stretched into upper end.In order to discharge conveniently, discharge port 22 can be with connecting band track formula conveyer belt.
Refering to what is shown in Fig. 2, in order to advance conducive to rolling of the hickory kernel in roller, the spiral helicine deflector that need to be arranged At least 3, deflector height 70-120mm, water conservancy diversion plate thickness is 5-10mm, and is uniformly arranged on inner wall of rotary drum, in spiral Under the deflector 23 of shape distribution acts on, roller realizes automatic stirring materials, self-emptying.Meanwhile it is de- in order to reach preferably water-jet Clothing effect prevents hickory kernel broken by high pressure water flushing simultaneously, and hickory kernel high-pressure water shot is undressed rotating speed speed of the time by roller It adjusts, is adjusted particular by governor, have the characteristics that operation can with frequency control.Roller uses cylinder plank frame energy It is enough more thoroughly to miss outer skin, while not damaging hickory kernel.
Refering to what is shown in Fig. 3, rack 1 is equipped with fixing bracket 13 at 21 end of feed inlet of roller 2 and 22 end of discharge port, it is fixed Holder 13 is equipped with gate framework, and the both sides of gate framework are equipped with L-shaped frame, the horizontal cross bar of L-type base of frame be equipped with by into 21 end of material mouth extends to the track strip 131 at 22 end of discharge port.High-pressure spraying assembly 3 is installed by connecting bracket 24, connecting bracket 24 are equipped with the back-up roller wheel 241 being supported on track strip 131.Therefore high-pressure spraying assembly can be pushed into and is rolled along track strip 131 In cylinder, or high-pressure spraying assembly 3 is pulled out out of roller, be convenient for the installation and maintenance of high-pressure spraying assembly 3.
The high-pressure spraying assembly 3 includes high pressure water jet pipe, and high pressure water jet pipe is connect by pumping system with water storage system, Several hydraulic sprays are uniformly set on high pressure water jet pipe, and the pumping system includes high-pressure hydraulic pump, the high pressure water Pump is connect by upper hose with water storage system.High-pressure hydraulic pump uses high-power centrifugal pump, ensures preferably de- benevolence clothing effect.
The roller 2 is set in babinet 11, and babinet both sides are provided with maintenance door, maintain easily.The bottom of the babinet Equipped with discharge outlet.Water in roller 2 is discharged to the bottom of box by draining deslagging through-hole, then is discharged by discharge outlet.In order to timely Draining deslagging prevents hickory kernel from draining with draining again simultaneously, and draining deslagging through-hole diameter is 2-3mm.
The water storage system includes at least two cycle aqua storage tanks 12 being connected to by overflow manner.The cycle aqua storage tank Below the babinet, at least two circulating water chennels are presented the mode that the front is high and the back is low and are connected by overflow pipe before, wherein before the One cycle aqua storage tank is arranged below discharge outlet, and first cycle water storage channel opening the first strainer of laying above, while before The second strainer is arranged in first, face cycle aqua storage tank at overflow port, by the first strainer, the second strainer, filters and takes off benevolence clothing generation Dross, and recycled using water, using water wisely.
The high pressure water jet pipe is located at 60-120mm, a diameter of 0.5- of hydraulic spray above drum central axis 0.8mm, the spacing between the hydraulic spray are 6-12mm, and high-pressure water jet hydraulic pressure is 0.03-0.05mpa, sprays direction Angle with horizontal plane is 60-80 degree.The high pressure water jet pipe has four rows, several high pressure waters are respectively provided on every group of high-pressure nozzle Nozzle is distributed in a manner of staggered between four row's hydraulic sprays.By the reasonable Arrangement of hydraulic spray, reach more excellent De- benevolence clothing effect.
The high pressure gas injection section is equipped with high pressure gas jet pipe, and high pressure gas jet pipe is connect by pipe-line system with air compressor machine, High pressure gas jets are equipped on high pressure gas jet pipe.The high pressure gas jet pipe is located at 60-120mm above drum central axis, and same It is uniformly distributed in triangular shape in one plane, a diameter of 1-2mm of the high pressure gas jets, the spacing between high pressure gas jets is 4-8mm, high pressure gas injection pressure is 0.01-0.03mpa.By the reasonable Arrangement of high pressure gas jets, reaches preferably secondary and go benevolence The purpose of clothing.
Wherein, the mounting structure of high pressure gas jet pipe is identical as the mounting structure of high-pressure spraying assembly, high pressure gas jet pipe and height Pressure water spray pipe can be connected by attachment device, can also common conduit, centre closing partition, in favor of installing and tieing up Shield.
The length ratio of the high-pressure water jet section and high pressure gas injection section is 5-8:2.Preferred proportion is 8:2, pass through conjunction The length of both reason distribution reaches and completes to take off benevolence clothing for the first time in high-pressure water jet section, and secondary go is completed in high pressure gas injection section Benevolence clothing.
A kind of hickory kernel takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, includes the following steps:
One, it screens:It chooses and the particles such as removes shell, damage by worms, go mouldy, weed out powder, 1/4 or more the particle for selecting plumpness good.
Two, it impregnates:The hickory kernel chosen is poured into the fermentation vat for filling 40-60 DEG C of warm water, hickory kernel rehydration is made 30-40min so that hickory kernel clothing softens.
Three, it continuously undresses:Hickory kernel after immersion is sent into roller and taken off and takes off benevolence clothing in benevolence clothing machine, starts roller, in height Pressure water jet section sprays high-pressure water jet using high-pressure spraying assembly, carries out taking off benevolence clothing, high-pressure water shot for the first time to hickory kernel Time is 20-40min, with the impetus of the deflector of inner wall of rotary drum spiral distribution, after high-pressure water jet takes off benevolence clothing Hickory kernel enters high pressure gas gas blowout and blows section, is generated between the pressure-air and hickory kernel using the injection of high-pressure jet assembly Friction, the fiber and the benevolence clothing in fold for further removing hickory kernel surface achieve the purpose that secondary to remove benevolence clothing.
Four, it discharges:Hickory kernel after de- benevolence clothing enters cull board by the caterpillar conveyer belt being connect with discharge port.
Five, hand picking:Benevolence clothing, the rejecting of blackspot grain, moldy kernel will not be removed to obtain de- benevolence by hand picking Clothing hickory kernel.
Finally, hickory kernel takes off benevolence clothing later using the further washing and cleaning operation of cleaning machine progress.De- benevolence clothing cleaned Hickory kernel surface afterwards is delicate, followed by the next step.
In addition to above preferred embodiment, the present invention also has other embodiments, those skilled in the art can be according to this Invention makes various changes and modifications, and without departing from the spirit of the present invention, should all belong in claims of the present invention and determine The range of justice.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hickory kernel takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:First, the hickory kernel chosen is poured into and is filled In the fermentation vat of 40-60 DEG C of warm water so that hickory kernel clothing softens;Then, the hickory kernel after immersion is sent into roller and takes off benevolence Benevolence clothing is taken off in clothing machine, it includes rack that the roller, which takes off benevolence clothing machine, the driving electricity of roller, driving drum rotation in rack The governor of machine and regulating rotation speed of drum, the both ends of the roller are respectively equipped with inlet port and outlet port, the roller it is interior Wall is equipped with the deflector of spiral distribution, and the barrel of the roller offers draining deslagging through-hole, and the roller is by charging High-pressure water jet section is arranged in mouth one end, is being blown section by discharge port one end setting high pressure gas, the high-pressure water jet section, which is equipped with, produces The high-pressure spraying assembly of raw high-pressure water jet, the high-pressure jet that the high pressure gas injection section is equipped with generation high pressure blow smelting operation air are total At;High-pressure water jet is sprayed using high-pressure spraying assembly in high-pressure water jet section, hickory kernel is carried out to take off benevolence clothing for the first time, with The impetus for the deflector of inner wall of rotary drum spiral distribution is taken off the hickory kernel after benevolence clothing by high-pressure water jet and enters height Injection section of calming the anger further removes mountain using generation friction between the pressure-air and hickory kernel of the injection of high-pressure jet assembly The fiber on walnut kernel surface and the benevolence clothing in fold achieve the purpose that secondary to remove benevolence clothing.
2. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 1 takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:The high pressure spray It includes high pressure water jet pipe to drench assembly, and high pressure water jet pipe is connect by pumping system with water storage system, on high pressure water jet pipe uniformly Setting several hydraulic sprays.
3. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 2 takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:The pumping system Including high-pressure hydraulic pump, the high-pressure hydraulic pump is connect by upper hose with water storage system, and the water storage system includes at least two logical Cross the cycle aqua storage tank of overflow manner connection.
4. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 3 takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:The roller is set to In babinet, the bottom of the babinet is equipped with discharge outlet, and at least two cycle aqua storage tanks are set to below babinet and are presented that the front is high and the back is low Mode connected by overflow pipe, wherein the first cycle aqua storage tank in front is arranged below discharge outlet, and top-open is laid with Have the first strainer, before first cycle aqua storage tank the second strainer is provided at overflow port.
5. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 2 takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:The high pressure water jets It manages between 60-120mm above drum central axis, a diameter of 0.5-0.8mm of hydraulic spray, the hydraulic spray Spacing be 6-12mm, high-pressure water jet hydraulic pressure be 0.03-0.05mpa, spray direction angle with horizontal plane be 60-80 degree.
6. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 5 takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:The high pressure water jets Guan Yousi is arranged, and is respectively provided with several hydraulic sprays on every group of high pressure water jet pipe, with staggered row between four row's hydraulic sprays The mode of row is distributed.
7. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 1 takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:The high pressure gas It is blown section and is equipped with high pressure gas jet pipe, high pressure gas jet pipe is connect by pipe-line system with air compressor machine, and height is equipped on high pressure gas jet pipe It calms the anger nozzle.
8. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 7 takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:The high pressure gas blowout Between managing between 60-120mm above drum central axis, a diameter of 1-2mm of the high pressure gas jets, high pressure gas jets Away from for 4-8mm, high pressure gas injection pressure is 0.01-0.03mpa.
9. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 1 to 8 any one takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that: The length ratio of the high-pressure water jet section and high pressure gas injection section is 5-8:2.
10. a kind of hickory kernel according to claim 1 takes off the physical method of benevolence clothing, it is characterised in that:The fermentation vat Interior installation heater, the fermentation vat and roller are equipped with climbing elevator between taking off benevolence clothing machine, are terminated under the climbing elevator Enter fermentation vat, roller feed inlet is stretched into upper end, and the discharge port is connected with conveyer belt.
CN201711446557.8A 2017-12-27 2017-12-27 Physical method for removing kernel coat from hickory nut kernels Active CN108308627B (en)

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CN110522043B (en) * 2019-09-11 2021-03-02 福建省泉州喜多多食品有限公司 Equipment for treating walnut syrup raw material and raw material treatment process thereof

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