CN108307904A - A kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108307904A
CN108307904A CN201810087603.8A CN201810087603A CN108307904A CN 108307904 A CN108307904 A CN 108307904A CN 201810087603 A CN201810087603 A CN 201810087603A CN 108307904 A CN108307904 A CN 108307904A
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parts
tea
oil
planting
milk vetch
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韦正义
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Donglanxian Wanda Chestnut Tea Planting Cooperatives
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Donglanxian Wanda Chestnut Tea Planting Cooperatives
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/48Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with two nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/601,4-Diazines; Hydrogenated 1,4-diazines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/72Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/84Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms six-membered rings with one nitrogen atom and either one oxygen atom or one sulfur atom in positions 1,4
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N51/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds having the sequences of atoms O—N—S, X—O—S, N—N—S, O—N—N or O-halogen, regardless of the number of bonds each atom has and with no atom of these sequences forming part of a heterocyclic ring
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N53/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing cyclopropane carboxylic acids or derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N57/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic phosphorus compounds
    • A01N57/10Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic phosphorus compounds having phosphorus-to-oxygen bonds or phosphorus-to-sulfur bonds
    • A01N57/16Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic phosphorus compounds having phosphorus-to-oxygen bonds or phosphorus-to-sulfur bonds containing heterocyclic radicals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N61/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing substances of unknown or undetermined composition, e.g. substances characterised only by the mode of action
    • A01N61/02Mineral oils; Tar oils; Tar; Distillates, extracts or conversion products thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers

Abstract

The present invention relates to tea oil tree planting technology fields, more particularly to a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield, the present invention during planting oil tea fruit tree between plant Chinese milk vetch, weed growth can effectively be inhibited, and turn over the Chinese milk vetch of full-bloom stage in the planting site for tea oil tree of nuzzling, the fertility of planting site is can effectively improve, without applying fertilizer repeatedly again again, the work of fostering for substituting tea oil tree is can reach, artificial input is reduced;Simultaneously, in tea oil tree planting process, inventor configures organic fertilizer, nursery water according to the growth demand of tea seed, base fertilizer is needed to configure according to the growth of oil tea sapling during transplanting, demand is grown according to Chinese milk vetch and configures liquid fertilizer, has been effectively facilitated oil tea fruit tree growth, has quickly been expedited the emergence of Chinese milk vetch, so that Chinese milk vetch is reached population advantage, inhibits the growth of weeds.

Description

A kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to tea oil tree planting technology field, more particularly to a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield.
【Background technology】
Oil tea (Classification system:Camellia oleifera Abel) also known as tea oil tree, it is the main woody food of China With oil plant, four big traditional oil tree of the world is collectively referred to as with palm, coconut and olive.Oil tea wide adaptability, it is drought-resistant barren-resistant, It is the important species of each provinces and regions Forestry Development Strategy of south China.Since development lacks continuity, China's major part camellia oleifera lam is planted Training management low SI is in low yield state, moreover, tradition plantation at present also needs to carry out weeding to oil tea fruit tree, turns over, work It measures very greatly, since oil tea output of the fruit tree is not high, management workload is big, it is difficult to have the popularizing planting of large area, even if having artificial Cost is also very high, is unfavorable for improving income.Therefore, in order to effectively improving the yield of oil tea fruit tree, provide simpler plantation, Management method needs the Plant plane for continuously improving oil tea fruit tree, especially improves the set between oil tea fruit tree and other plant Kind of method, achievees the purpose that make that oil tea output of the fruit tree is high, growing way is good, management is easy.
【Invention content】
In view of the above, it is necessary to provide a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield, oil tea fruit tree can be effectively improved Yield, simpler plantation, management method are provided, need the Plant plane for continuously improving oil tea fruit tree, especially improves oil Interplanting method between tea fruit tree and other plant, achievees the purpose that make that oil tea output of the fruit tree is high, growing way is good, management is easy.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield, described method includes following steps:
(1) nursery:Seedlings nursery is turned over, then applies the organic fertilizer that a layer thickness is 5cm-8cm, then covers again Soil after stack retting 25d-30d, is carried out one time and turns over that organic fertilizer is made uniformly to mix with soil by the red soil of one layer of 10cm-15cm again, Then it is that 20cm-30cm × 20cm-30cm is sowed in Seedlings nursery according to seeding row spacing by full, healthy Seed of Camellia oleifera, not It periodically waters to Seedlings nursery after planting, it is 10%-20% to keep the relative humidity of soil, waits for that the plant height of oil tea sapling is long Oil tea sapling is transplanted to when 20cm-25cm, the root of oil tea sapling is immersed in nursery water before transplanting, impregnates duration For 30min-40min;
(2) site preparation:Weedtree and the weeds of planting site are removed, are then 200cm-250cm × 200cm- according to seeding row spacing 250cm excavates field planting hole, and the length for being colonized hole is 40cm-50cm, width 40cm-50cm, depth 20cm-30cm;Then The substrate fertilizer that addition thickness is 5cm-8cm in being cheated to field planting;
(3) it is colonized:Tea oil tree seed of the step (1) after the immersion of nursery water is implanted in step (2) and is added to substrate fertilizer In field planting hole, backfilled with earth fills up field planting hole, and is compacted, and irrigates the tea oil tree seedling planting site after field planting, keeps soil The relative humidity of earth is 8%-15%;
(4) camellia oleifera lam management:The oil tea sapling of step (3) is colonized the latter moon, starts to spray agriculture to tea oil tree planting site Medicine I fountain heights are 10ml/ plants -20ml/ plants, spray 1 pesticide I every other month later, are sprayed 3-5 times altogether;And irregularly Weeding is carried out to camellia oleifera lam;
(5) Chinese milk vetch is interplanted:15d is in the intercrop Chinese milk vetch of tea oil tree, Chinese milk vetch kind after the camellia oleifera lam field planting of step (3) The seeding row spacing of plant is 10cm-15cm × 10cm-15cm, and the interplanting same day sprays liquid fertilizer to Chinese milk vetch, and the applied amount of liquid fertilizer is 20ml/ - 30ml/ plants of strain;15d starts to spray insecticide II to Chinese milk vetch planting site after plantation, and fountain height is 10ml/ plant -20ml/ plant, arrives purple When Yun Ying grows to full-bloom stage, the whole strain of Chinese milk vetch is turned in nuzzling soil, continue to interplant Chinese milk vetch as stated above after 15d-20d.
Further, the organic fertilizer of the step (1) comprises the following components in parts by weight:15 parts -25 parts of agaric fungus Chaff, 10 parts -20 parts of animal wastes, 7 parts -15 parts of bone meal, 30 parts -40 parts of mulberry leaf, 25 parts -35 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 14 parts - 24 parts of beans bar and 25 parts -35 parts of black soya bean leaf.
Further, the nursery water of the step (1) comprises the following components in parts by weight:14 parts -24 parts of dragon fruit Stem extraction, 10 parts -23 parts of aloe extract, 8 parts -23 parts of Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract, 17 parts -30 parts of gibberellin and 19 The paclobutrazol of -32 parts of part.
Further, the substrate fertilizer of the step (2) comprises the following components in parts by weight:23 parts -35 parts of humic acid, 16 parts -27 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 12 parts -27 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of -34 parts of biogas residues, 20 parts -32 parts of quick lime, 17 part -29 The oil tea slag, 30 parts -41 parts of napier grass, 34 parts -45 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts -34 parts of Folium Glycines of part.
Further, chlopyrifos of the active ingredient of the pesticide I of the step (4) by 470g/L-485g/L, 42g/L- The imidacloprid powder of the shenqinmycin of 49g/L, the Cypermethrin of 47g/L-48.5g/L and 50g/L-60g/L forms.
Further, the liquid fertilizer of the step (5) comprises the following components in parts by weight:13 parts -25 parts of animals urine, 3 parts -7 parts of borax, 25 parts -37 parts of extract of spinach, 19 parts -29 parts of bone meal, 17 parts -27 parts of soybean straw and 5 part -15 The humic acid of part.
Further, dimethomorph, 36g/ of the active ingredient of the pesticide II of the step (5) by 500g/L-520g/L The imidacloprid powder of the bamboo tar of L-39g/L, the wood tar of 33g/L-37g/L and 33g/L-36g/L forms.
The present invention has the advantages that:
1, Chinese milk vetch is planted between the present invention is during planting oil tea fruit tree, Chinese milk vetch is that a kind of acid resistance is strong, and resistance to lean It is thin, there is the preferable green manure for drawing ability to the phosphate of indissoluble liquid in soil, can be grown on the soil of pH5 or so, together When, it is often used to do biological feedstuff due to its easy harvesting, rich in protein, can effectively inhibit in oil tea woods among Chinese milk vetch Weed growth, and the Chinese milk vetch of full-bloom stage is turned in the planting site for tea oil tree of nuzzling, the fertility of planting site is can effectively improve, is not had to It applies fertilizer repeatedly again again, can reach the work of fostering for substituting tea oil tree, reduce artificial input;Between kind Chinese milk vetch can not only inhibit miscellaneous The growth of grass, moreover it is possible to improve the fertility of soil;But astragali legume, happiness sun, and oil tea fruit tree is taller and bigger, has very Good the moon covers ability, and therefore, during planting Chinese milk vetch, if without being effectively treated, Chinese milk vetch cannot effectively be grown, And then influence to plant effect therebetween, it is not achieved and fosters purpose, for this purpose, inventor has developed liquid fertilizer, can quickly expedites the emergence of Chinese milk vetch, make it Reach population advantage, the growth of weeds can be inhibited.
2, organic fertilizer of the invention is by agaric mushroom bran, animal wastes, bone meal, mulberry leaf, Chinese milk vetch, beans bar and black soya bean leaf group At;The process that the ingredient grows into oil tea seedling according to tea seed needs a large amount of nitrogen source and trace element and configures, wooden in formula Ear mushroom bran also contains abundant microorganism in addition to containing nitrogen source, can promote organic fertilizer energy complete fermentation during stack retting, accelerate The release of organic matter contains a large amount of nitrogen sources, can meet the needs of tea seed is to nitrogen source, mulberry leaf, Chinese milk vetch are phases in animal wastes To clean organic matter, wherein containing abundant protein, it can quickly carry out decomposing generation amino acid under microbial action, can have Effect promotes the germination of tea seed, in bone meal, beans bar and black soya bean leaf, other than containing abundant nitrogen source, organic matter, phosphorus, also contains rich Rich trace element, the especially substances such as Ca, Fe, can promote the synthesis of chlorophyll, can promote tea seedling after tea seed germination Fast-growth.
3, nursery water of the invention is by stems of dragon fruits extract, aloe extract, Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract, gibberellin and multiple-effect Azoles forms;The ingredient is to be prevented the demand of water loss, reinforcement root growth from configuring during transplanting according to oil tea sapling, Mucus can be formed containing relatively rich sugared ingredient in stems of dragon fruits extract, aloe extract, Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract in formula, There is good Water-saving effect, meanwhile, a variety of active ingredients and the paclobutrazols such as barbaloin are also contained in said extracted object, can be played Bactericidal effect can protect oil tea sapling not by harmful bioerosion, to rapidly adapt to new growing environment, together during the transplantation process When, the gibberellin in ingredient can promote root system development, enable oil tea sapling fast-growth.
4, substrate fertilizer of the invention is by humic acid, agaric mushroom bran, rice straw, biogas residue, quick lime, oil tea slag, napier grass, black soya bean leaf It is formed with Folium Glycines;The ingredient is bred as tea oil tree according to oil tea sapling and needs to provide a large amount of nutrients and configure, and in formula, contains There are a large amount of organic compositions, tea oil tree fast-growth can be promoted, still, certain organic compositions therein will not without everfermentation It can release well conducive to the small-molecule substance of tea oil tree root absorption, therefore, agaric mushroom bran, biogas residue in formula are base The fermentation of base fertilizer provides multifarious fermenting microbe, can promote the sustained release of substrate fertilizer;Humic acid, agaric mushroom bran in formula, Contain a large amount of organic matters in rice straw, biogas residue, oil tea slag, napier grass, black soya bean leaf and Folium Glycines, can divide according to complexity is decomposed Speed slow release organic matter is solved, keeps the balance of organic matter in a long time, it is balanced to provide nutrient for tea oil tree, In, a large amount of trace element, the especially substances such as Ca, Fe are also contained in quick lime, black soya bean leaf and Folium Glycines, chlorophyll can be promoted Synthesis, promote tea oil tree to grow, in oil tea slag also contain a large amount of tannin compositions and alkaloid, with quick lime be used cooperatively energy Effective expelling parasite pest, kills worm's ovum, protects oil tea usage tree root.
5, liquid fertilizer of the invention is made of animals urine, borax, extract of spinach, bone meal, soybean straw and humic acid;This at Dividing is configured according to the characteristic of Chinese milk vetch fast-growth, and in formula, animals urine, soybean straw, humic acid are can be quickly The nitrogenous fertilizer of absorption can promote the fast-growth of Chinese milk vetch, contain abundant iron ion in extract of spinach, can effectively facilitate purple cloud The synthesis of English chlorophyll, makes respiration enhance, and faster, borax can play insecticidal action, pest can be inhibited to Chinese milk vetch for growth Harm, contain phosphorus in bone meal, can guarantee the nutrient balance of Chinese milk vetch.
【Specific implementation mode】
All features disclosed in this specification or disclosed all methods or in the process the step of, in addition to mutually exclusive Feature and/or step other than, can combine in any way.
Any feature disclosed in this specification (including any accessory claim, abstract), unless specifically stated, each Feature is an example in a series of equivalent or similar characteristics.
Embodiment 1:
The implantation methods of the present embodiment, include the following steps:
(1) nursery:Seedlings nursery is turned over, then applies the organic fertilizer that a layer thickness is 5cm, then covers one layer again Soil after stack retting 25d, is carried out one time and turns over that organic fertilizer is made uniformly to mix with soil by the red soil of 10cm again, then will be full, strong The Seed of Camellia oleifera of health is that 20cm × 20cm is sowed in Seedlings nursery, and is irregularly carried out to Seedlings nursery after planting according to seeding row spacing Watering, it is 10% to keep the relative humidity of soil, transplants oil tea sapling when the plant height of oil tea sapling grows to 20cm, is moved The root of oil tea sapling is immersed in nursery water before planting, when immersion a length of 30min;
(2) site preparation:Weedtree and the weeds of planting site are removed, are then that 200cm × 200cm excavates field planting according to seeding row spacing Hole, the length for being colonized hole are 40cm, width 40cm, depth 20cm;Then the substrate that addition thickness is 5cm in being cheated to field planting Fertilizer;
(3) it is colonized:Tea oil tree seed of the step (1) after the immersion of nursery water is implanted in step (2) and is added to substrate fertilizer In field planting hole, backfilled with earth fills up field planting hole, and is compacted, and irrigates the tea oil tree seedling planting site after field planting, keeps soil The relative humidity of earth is 8%;
(4) camellia oleifera lam management:The oil tea sapling of step (3) is colonized the latter moon, starts to spray agriculture to tea oil tree planting site Medicine I fountain heights are 10ml/ plants, spray 1 pesticide I every other month later, are sprayed 3 times altogether;And irregularly to camellia oleifera lam into Row weeding;
(5) Chinese milk vetch is interplanted:15d is in the intercrop Chinese milk vetch of tea oil tree, Chinese milk vetch kind after the camellia oleifera lam field planting of step (3) The seeding row spacing of plant is 10cm × 10cm, and the interplanting same day sprays liquid fertilizer to Chinese milk vetch, and the applied amount of liquid fertilizer is 20ml/ plants;After plantation 15d starts to spray insecticide II to Chinese milk vetch planting site, and fountain height is 10ml/ plants, when growing to full-bloom stage to Chinese milk vetch, by Chinese milk vetch Whole strain, which is turned over, nuzzles soil, continues to interplant Chinese milk vetch as stated above after 15d.
Organic fertilizer in step (1) comprises the following components in parts by weight:15 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 10 parts of animal excreta Just, 7 parts of bone meal, 30 parts of mulberry leaf, 25 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 14 parts of beans bar and 25 parts of black soya bean leaf.
The processing method of above-mentioned organic fertilizer is:Each raw material is weighed by above-mentioned parts by weight, is crushed after evenly mixing, by 70 mesh Sieve screens to obtain organic fertilizer described in the present embodiment.
Nursery water in step (1) comprises the following components in parts by weight:14 parts of stems of dragon fruits extract, 10 parts of reed Luxuriant growth extract, 8 parts of Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract, 17 parts of gibberellin and 19 parts of paclobutrazol.
1. the extracting method of stems of dragon fruits extract is in above-mentioned nursery water:It is smashed to pieces after fresh stems of dragon fruits is removed the peel, with The butanol solution of 200mg/g is 1 according to solid-liquid mass ratio:2 are mixed, and are soaked 4 times, each 1h in 50 DEG C of water-bath medium temperatures, mistake Filter, merging filtrate, vacuum distillation concentration, until concentrate is the 1/3 of stoste to obtain stems of dragon fruits extract, flavones in extract The content of glycosides is 119.43mg/g, and dragon fruit polyoses content is 214.76mg/g.
2. the extracting method of aloe extract is in above-mentioned nursery water:It is smashed to pieces after fresh aloe is removed the peel, with volume basis The ethyl alcohol that number is 75% is 1 according to mass ratio:4 are mixed, and refluxing extraction, Extracting temperature are then carried out in refluxing extraction device Be 90 DEG C, extraction time 2h, filter to take filtrate and carry out rotary evaporation concentration, until concentrate be the 1/2 of stoste obtain it is described Aloe extract, aloe salidroside content is 89.75mg/g, aloe polysaccharide 114.87mg/g in extract.
3. the extracting method of Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract is in above-mentioned nursery water:Fresh okra is smashed to pieces and is shredded, with volume hundred The ethyl alcohol that score is 60% is 1 according to mass ratio:3 are mixed, and refluxing extraction, extraction temperature are then carried out in refluxing extraction device Degree is 80 DEG C, extraction time 2h, filters to take filtrate and carries out rotary evaporation concentration, until concentrate obtains institute for the 1/2 of stoste Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract is stated, flavones content is 105.33mg/g, gumbo polysaccharide 145.98mg/g in extract.
The processing method of above-mentioned nursery water is:The extract of each ingredient is weighed by above-mentioned parts by weight, will be mixed after evenly mixing It is 1 according to mass ratio that object, which is closed, with water:4 mix with water, obtain the nursery water.
Substrate fertilizer in step (2) comprises the following components in parts by weight:23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts Folium Glycines.
The processing method of above-mentioned substrate fertilizer is:Each raw material is weighed by above-mentioned parts by weight, crushes and passes through after being sufficiently mixed 40 mesh screens are crossed to screen to obtain above-mentioned substrate fertilizer.
The active ingredient of pesticide I in step (4) is by the chlopyrifos of 470g/L, the chlorine of the shenqinmycin of 42g/L, 47g/L The imidacloprid powder of hydrogen pyrethroids and 50g/L form.
Liquid fertilizer in step (5) comprises the following components in parts by weight:13 parts of animals urine, 3 parts of borax, 25 parts Extract of spinach, 19 parts of bone meal, 17 parts of soybean straw and 5 parts of humic acid.
1. the processing method of animals urine is in above-mentioned liquid fertilizer:Animals urine is filtered by the sieve of 300 mesh, is taken Filtrate is with water according to 2:3 volume ratio is mixed, and the animals urine is obtained.
2. the extracting method of extract of spinach is in above-mentioned liquid fertilizer:Fresh spinach is smashed to pieces, is then with percentage by volume 75% ethanol solution is 1 according to solid-liquid mass ratio:3 are mixed, and are soaked 4 times, each 1h, are filtered in 50 DEG C of water-bath medium temperatures, close And filtrate, vacuum distillation concentration is until the volume of the concentrated liquid is the 1/4 of stoste to obtain the extract of spinach, β carrots in extract Element content be 98.09mg/g, iron ion content 53.98mg/g.
3. the processing method of above-mentioned bone meal is:After bone meal is crushed, screened by 40 mesh screens.
4. the processing method of above-mentioned soybean straw is:After bone meal is crushed, screened by 50 mesh screens.
The processing method of above-mentioned liquid fertilizer is:The extract that each ingredient is weighed by above-mentioned parts by weight, is pressed with water after evenly mixing It is 1 according to mass ratio:2 are mixed to get liquid fertilizer.
The active ingredient of pesticide II in step (5) is by the dimethomorph of 500g/L, the wood of the bamboo tar of 36g/L, 33g/L The imidacloprid powder of tar and 33g/L form.
Embodiment 2:
The implantation methods of the present embodiment, include the following steps:
(1) nursery:Seedlings nursery is turned over, then applies the organic fertilizer that a layer thickness is 8cm, then covers one layer again Soil after stack retting 30d, is carried out one time and turns over that organic fertilizer is made uniformly to mix with soil by the red soil of 15cm again, then will be full, strong The Seed of Camellia oleifera of health is that 30cm × 30cm is sowed in Seedlings nursery, and is irregularly carried out to Seedlings nursery after planting according to seeding row spacing Watering, it is 20% to keep the relative humidity of soil, transplants oil tea sapling when the plant height of oil tea sapling grows to 25cm, is moved The root of oil tea sapling is immersed in nursery water before planting, when immersion a length of 40min;
(2) site preparation:Weedtree and the weeds of planting site are removed, are then that 250cm × 250cm excavates field planting according to seeding row spacing Hole, the length for being colonized hole are 50cm, width 50cm, depth 30cm;Then the substrate that addition thickness is 8cm in being cheated to field planting Fertilizer;
(3) it is colonized:Tea oil tree seed of the step (1) after the immersion of nursery water is implanted in step (2) and is added to substrate fertilizer In field planting hole, backfilled with earth fills up field planting hole, and is compacted, and irrigates the tea oil tree seedling planting site after field planting, keeps soil The relative humidity of earth is 15%;
(4) camellia oleifera lam management:The oil tea sapling of step (3) is colonized the latter moon, starts to spray agriculture to tea oil tree planting site Medicine I fountain heights are 20ml/ plants, spray 1 pesticide I every other month later, are sprayed 5 times altogether;And irregularly to camellia oleifera lam into Row weeding;
(5) Chinese milk vetch is interplanted:15d is in the intercrop Chinese milk vetch of tea oil tree, Chinese milk vetch kind after the camellia oleifera lam field planting of step (3) The seeding row spacing of plant is 15cm × 15cm, and the interplanting same day sprays liquid fertilizer to Chinese milk vetch, and the applied amount of liquid fertilizer is 30ml/ plants;After plantation 15d starts to spray insecticide II to Chinese milk vetch planting site, and fountain height is 20ml/ plants, when growing to full-bloom stage to Chinese milk vetch, by Chinese milk vetch Whole strain, which is turned over, nuzzles soil, continues to interplant Chinese milk vetch as stated above after 20d.
Organic fertilizer in step (1) comprises the following components in parts by weight:25 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 20 parts of animal excreta Just, 15 parts of bone meal, 40 parts of mulberry leaf, 35 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 24 parts of beans bar and 35 parts of black soya bean leaf.
The processing method of above-mentioned organic fertilizer is:Each raw material is weighed by above-mentioned parts by weight, is crushed after evenly mixing, by 70 mesh Sieve screens to obtain organic fertilizer described in the present embodiment.
Nursery water in step (1) comprises the following components in parts by weight:24 parts of stems of dragon fruits extract, 23 parts of reed Luxuriant growth extract, 23 parts of Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract, 30 parts of gibberellin and 32 parts of paclobutrazol.
The extracting method and reality of stems of dragon fruits extract, aloe extract, Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract in the present embodiment nursery water It is completely the same to apply example 1.
The processing method and embodiment 1 of the present embodiment nursery water are completely the same.
Substrate fertilizer in step (2) comprises the following components in parts by weight:35 parts of humic acid, 27 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 27 parts of rice straw, 34 parts of biogas residue, 32 parts of quick lime, 29 parts of oil tea slag, 41 parts of napier grass, 45 parts of black soya bean leaf and 34 parts Folium Glycines.
The processing method and embodiment 1 of the present embodiment substrate fertilizer are completely the same.
The active ingredient of pesticide I in step (4) is by the chlopyrifos of 485g/L, the shenqinmycin of 49g/L, 48.5g/L The imidacloprid powder of Cypermethrin and 60g/L form.
Liquid fertilizer in step (5) comprises the following components in parts by weight:25 parts of animals urine, 7 parts of borax, 37 parts Extract of spinach, 29 parts of bone meal, 27 parts of soybean straw and 15 parts of humic acid.
Animals urine, extract of spinach, bone meal, the processing method of soybean straw and embodiment 1 are complete in the present embodiment liquid fertilizer Unanimously.
The present embodiment liquid fertilizer processing method and embodiment 1 are completely the same.
The active ingredient of pesticide II in step (5) is by the dimethomorph of 520g/L, the wood of the bamboo tar of 39g/L, 37g/L The imidacloprid powder of tar and 36g/L form.
Embodiment 3:
The implantation methods of the present embodiment, include the following steps:
(1) nursery:Seedlings nursery is turned over, then applies the organic fertilizer that a layer thickness is 7cm, then covers one layer again Soil after stack retting 27d, is carried out one time and turns over that organic fertilizer is made uniformly to mix with soil by the red soil of 12cm again, then will be full, strong The Seed of Camellia oleifera of health is that 25cm × 25cm is sowed in Seedlings nursery, and is irregularly carried out to Seedlings nursery after planting according to seeding row spacing Watering, it is 15% to keep the relative humidity of soil, transplants oil tea sapling when the plant height of oil tea sapling grows to 22cm, is moved The root of oil tea sapling is immersed in nursery water before planting, when immersion a length of 35min;
(2) site preparation:Weedtree and the weeds of planting site are removed, are then that 220cm × 220cm excavates field planting according to seeding row spacing Hole, the length for being colonized hole are 45cm, width 45cm, depth 25cm;Then the substrate that addition thickness is 7cm in being cheated to field planting Fertilizer;
(3) it is colonized:Tea oil tree seed of the step (1) after the immersion of nursery water is implanted in step (2) and is added to substrate fertilizer In field planting hole, backfilled with earth fills up field planting hole, and is compacted, and irrigates the tea oil tree seedling planting site after field planting, keeps soil The relative humidity of earth is 12%;
(4) camellia oleifera lam management:The oil tea sapling of step (3) is colonized the latter moon, starts to spray agriculture to tea oil tree planting site Medicine I fountain heights are 15ml/ plants, spray 1 pesticide I every other month later, are sprayed 4 times altogether;And irregularly to camellia oleifera lam into Row weeding;
(5) Chinese milk vetch is interplanted:15d is in the intercrop Chinese milk vetch of tea oil tree, Chinese milk vetch kind after the camellia oleifera lam field planting of step (3) The seeding row spacing of plant is 12cm × 12cm, and the interplanting same day sprays liquid fertilizer to Chinese milk vetch, and the applied amount of liquid fertilizer is 25ml/ plants;After plantation 15d starts to spray insecticide II to Chinese milk vetch planting site, and fountain height is 15ml/ plants, when growing to full-bloom stage to Chinese milk vetch, by Chinese milk vetch Whole strain, which is turned over, nuzzles soil, continues to interplant Chinese milk vetch as stated above after 17d.
Organic fertilizer in step (1) comprises the following components in parts by weight:20 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 15 parts of animal excreta Just, 12 parts of bone meal, 35 parts of mulberry leaf, 30 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 20 parts of beans bar and 28 parts of black soya bean leaf.
The processing method of above-mentioned organic fertilizer is:Each raw material is weighed by above-mentioned parts by weight, is crushed after evenly mixing, by 70 mesh Sieve screens to obtain organic fertilizer described in the present embodiment.
Nursery water in step (1) comprises the following components in parts by weight:20 parts of stems of dragon fruits extract, 18 parts of reed Luxuriant growth extract, 17 parts of Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract, 20 parts of gibberellin and 23 parts of paclobutrazol.
The extracting method and reality of stems of dragon fruits extract, aloe extract, Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract in the present embodiment nursery water It is completely the same to apply example 1.
The processing method and embodiment 1 of the present embodiment nursery water are completely the same.
Substrate fertilizer in step (2) comprises the following components in parts by weight:30 parts of humic acid, 20 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 20 parts of rice straw, 27 parts of biogas residue, 28 parts of quick lime, 22 parts of oil tea slag, 32 parts of napier grass, 35 parts of black soya bean leaf and 27 parts Folium Glycines.
The processing method and embodiment 1 of the present embodiment substrate fertilizer are completely the same.
The active ingredient of pesticide I in step (4) is by the chlopyrifos of 480g/L, the chlorine of the shenqinmycin of 45g/L, 48g/L The imidacloprid powder of hydrogen pyrethroids and 55g/L form.
Liquid fertilizer in step (5) comprises the following components in parts by weight:17 parts of animals urine, 5 parts of borax, 30 parts Extract of spinach, 25 parts of bone meal, 23 parts of soybean straw and 12 parts of humic acid.
Animals urine, extract of spinach, bone meal, the processing method of soybean straw and embodiment 1 are complete in the present embodiment liquid fertilizer Unanimously.
The present embodiment liquid fertilizer processing method and embodiment 1 are completely the same.
The active ingredient of pesticide II in step (5) is by the dimethomorph of 510g/L, the wood of the bamboo tar of 37g/L, 35g/L The imidacloprid powder of tar and 34g/L form.
Test experiments:
Experiment 1:Tea-oil tree yield is tested:
Experimental plot is located at this cooperative society experiment plot, sets 6 processing and a control group (test group 1- test groups 6) altogether, Often processing is repeated 2 times, and tests plot random alignment, and the area in often place's experiment plot is 200m2.It tests tea seed and is bred as tea oil tree Test oil tea new-tip length and new slightly diameter, statistics oil after the time of seedling, the diameter of oil tea sapling, oil tea sapling are colonized 1 month The yield of the 2nd year raw tea fruit of tea oil tree of tea tree planting, and calculate average strain yield.Concrete condition is shown in Table 1:
Processing:
Test group 1:It is planted according to the method for embodiment 1;
Test group 2:It is planted according to the method for embodiment 1;
Test group 3:It is planted according to the method for embodiment 1;
Test group 4:This test group does not interplant Chinese milk vetch, only plants tea oil tree, other implantation methods and embodiment 1 complete one It causes;
Test group 5:This test group carries out stack retting without using organic fertilizer to Seedlings nursery, other implantation methods and embodiment 1 are complete It is complete consistent;
Test group 6:This test group pre-processes oil tea sapling without using nursery water, other implantation methods and embodiment 1 is completely the same;
Test group 7:This test group nuzzles without using substrate fertilizer and is colonized hole in advance, other implantation methods and embodiment 1 complete one It causes;
Test group 8:This test group, which do not turn over Chinese milk vetch, nuzzles soil, other implantation methods and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Control group:This control group does not interplant Chinese milk vetch, only plants tea oil tree, before plantation without using organic fertilizer to Seedlings nursery into Row stack retting pre-processes oil tea sapling without using nursery water, is turned over without using the pre- field planting hole of nuzzling of substrate fertilizer, not by Chinese milk vetch It nuzzles in soil, other implantation methods and embodiment 1 are completely the same.
Table 1
As seen from the above table, the incubation time of test group 1-3 oil teas sapling is significantly lower than test group 5 and control group, tea oil tree The diameter of seedling is significantly greater than test group 5 and control group, illustrates that the organic fertilizer stack retting in nursery can effectively shorten the incubation of oil tea sapling Time improves sapling diameter, and so that oil tea sapling is bred as, the time is shorter, nursery stock is more sturdy;It is the new slightly length of test group 1-3, new slightly straight Diameter is higher than test group 4, test group 6, test group 7, test group 8 and control group, illustrates that interplanting Chinese milk vetch, nursery water locate nursery stock in advance Reason, apply substrate fertilizer, Chinese milk vetch is turned over and buries soil these processing the new of oil tea seedling can be promoted slightly to grow;The tea oil tree of test group 1 Strain yield is all higher than test group 2-6 and control group, illustrates that the interplanting black soya bean of the application, manure use carry out heap to Seedlings nursery It macerates, pretreatment is carried out to oil tea sapling using nursery water turn over without using nuzzle in advance field planting hole, Chinese milk vetch of substrate fertilizer and bury soil this is several A step can improve the strain yield of tea oil tree.
Experiment 2:The influence that organic fertilizer grows oil tea seedling:
Experimental plot is located at this cooperative society experiment plot, sets 6 processing and a control group (test group A- test groups 6) altogether, Often processing is repeated 2 times, and tests plot random alignment, and the area in often place's experiment plot is 20m2.It tests tea seed and is bred as tea oil tree The time of seedling, the diameter of oil tea sapling.Concrete condition is shown in Table 2:
Processing:
Test group A:It is planted according to the cultural method of embodiment 1;
Experiment group B:Agaric mushroom bran is not added in organic fertilizer formula, 10 parts of animal wastes, 7 parts of bone meal, 30 are used only The mulberry leaf, 25 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 14 parts of beans bar and 25 parts of black soya bean leaf of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are complete Unanimously;
Test group C:Animal wastes are not added in organic fertilizer formula, and 15 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 7 parts of bone meal, 30 are used only The mulberry leaf, 25 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 14 parts of beans bar and 25 parts of black soya bean leaf of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are complete Unanimously;
Test group D:Bone meal is not added in organic fertilizer formula, and 15 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 10 parts of animal wastes, 7 are used only Part, 25 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 14 parts of beans bar and 25 parts of black soya bean leaf;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 complete one It causes;
Test group E:Mulberry leaf are not added in organic fertilizer formula, and 15 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 10 parts of animal wastes, 7 are used only The bone meal, 25 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 14 parts of beans bar and 25 parts of black soya bean leaf of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are complete Unanimously;
Test group F:Chinese milk vetch is not added in organic fertilizer formula, be used only 15 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 10 parts of animal wastes, 7 parts of bone meal, 30 parts of mulberry leaf, 14 parts of beans bar and 25 parts of black soya bean leaf;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are complete Unanimously;
Test group G:Beans bar is not added in organic fertilizer formula, 15 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 10 parts of animal wastes, 7 are used only The bone meal, 30 parts of mulberry leaf, 25 parts of Chinese milk vetch and 25 parts of black soya bean leaf of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are complete Unanimously;
Test group H:Black soya bean leaf is not added in organic fertilizer formula, be used only 15 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 10 parts of animal wastes, 7 parts of bone meal, 30 parts of mulberry leaf, 25 parts of Chinese milk vetch and 14 parts of beans bar;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are complete Unanimously;
Control group:Organic fertilizer stack retting is not carried out to oil tea nursery, other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same.
Table 2
Group It is bred as the time (d) Sapling diameter (mm)
Test group A 40 40
Experiment group B 45 29
Test group C 46 30
Test group D 45 31
Test group E 47 28
Test group F 43 32
Test group G 42 31
Test group H 41 34
Control group 58 30
As seen from the above table, test group A be bred as the time be less than experiment group B-H, experiment group B-H the incubation time be respectively less than pair According to group;Test group A sapling diameters are all higher than experiment group B-H, the sapling diameter of experiment group B-H is respectively less than control group;Illustrate this Shen The incubation time of oil tea sapling can be obviously shortened by please carrying out organic fertilizer stack retting to Seedlings nursery, keep oil tea sapling growing way more preferably thicker Strong, organic fertilizer ingredient is indispensable, is used in compounding better.
Experiment 3:The influence that substrate fertilizer grows tea oil tree:
Experimental plot is located at this cooperative society experiment plot, sets 6 processing and a control group (test group A- test groups 6) altogether, Often processing is repeated 2 times, and tests plot random alignment, and the area in often place's experiment plot is 200m2.Test oil tea seedling is colonized 2 Test oil tea new-tip length and new slightly diameter after month.Concrete condition is shown in Table 3:
Processing:
Experimental group 1:It is planted according to the cultural method of embodiment 1;
Experimental group 1:Chinese toon leaf extract is not added in substrate fertilizer formula, 23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric fungus is used only Chaff, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts of Folium Glycines;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Experimental group 2:Crowndaisy chrysanthemum extract is not added in substrate fertilizer formula, 23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric fungus is used only Chaff, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts of Folium Glycines;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Experimental group 3:Camphor leaf extract is not added in substrate fertilizer formula, 23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric is used only Mushroom bran, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf With 18 parts of Folium Glycines;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Experimental group 4:Shrubby sophora extract is not added in substrate fertilizer formula, 23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric fungus is used only Chaff, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts of Folium Glycines;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Experimental group 5:Ganodenna Lucidum P.E is not added in substrate fertilizer formula, 23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric fungus is used only Chaff, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts of Folium Glycines;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Experimental group 6:Ganodenna Lucidum P.E is not added in substrate fertilizer formula, 23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric fungus is used only Chaff, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts of Folium Glycines;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Experimental group 7:Ganodenna Lucidum P.E is not added in substrate fertilizer formula, 23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric fungus is used only Chaff, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts of Folium Glycines;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Experimental group 8:Ganodenna Lucidum P.E is not added in substrate fertilizer formula, 23 parts of humic acid, 16 parts of agaric fungus is used only Chaff, 12 parts of rice straw, 21 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts of quick lime, 17 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts of napier grass, 34 parts of black soya bean leaf and 18 parts of Folium Glycines;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same;
Control group:Substrate fertilizer is not applied to the oil tea woods, other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same.
Table 3
Group New slightly length (cm) New slightly diameter (mm)
Experimental group 1 43.98 3.22
Experimental group 2 32.43 2.79
Experimental group 3 33.21 2.81
Experimental group 4 33.87 2.78
Experimental group 5 34.02 2.76
Experimental group 6 30.67 2.83
Experimental group 7 30.98 2.74
Experimental group 8 32.87 2.77
Control group 23.43 2.14
As seen from the above table, new slightly length, the diameter of experimental group 1 be all higher than experimental group 2-8, experimental group 2-8 new slightly length, Diameter is all higher than control group;Illustrate that the application of the application substrate fertilizer can significantly improve the growth quality of tea oil tree newly slightly, and substrate Fertile ingredient is indispensable, is used in compounding better.
Experiment 4:The influence that liquid fertilizer grows Chinese milk vetch:
Experimental plot is located at this cooperative society experiment plot, sets 6 processing and a control group (test group A- test groups 6) altogether, Often processing is repeated 2 times, and tests plot random alignment, and the area in often place's experiment plot is 20m2.Test the strain of 15d, 30d Chinese milk vetch It is high.Concrete condition is shown in Table 4:
Processing:
Experimental group A:It is planted according to the cultural method of embodiment 1;
Experimental group B:Chinese toon leaf extract is not added in liquid fertilizer formula, 13 parts of animals urine, 3 parts of borax, 25 are used only The extract of spinach, 19 parts of bone meal, 17 parts of soybean straw and 5 parts of humic acid of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 is completely the same;
Experimental group C:Crowndaisy chrysanthemum extract is not added in liquid fertilizer formula, 13 parts of animals urine, 3 parts of borax, 25 are used only The extract of spinach, 19 parts of bone meal, 17 parts of soybean straw and 5 parts of humic acid of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 is completely the same;
Experimental group D:Do not add camphor leaf extract in liquid fertilizer formula, be used only 13 parts of animals urine, 3 parts of borax, 25 parts of extract of spinach, 19 parts of bone meal, 17 parts of soybean straw and 5 parts of humic acid;Other cultural methods, parameter and implementation Example 1 is completely the same;
Experimental group E:Shrubby sophora extract is not added in liquid fertilizer formula, 13 parts of animals urine, 3 parts of borax, 25 are used only The extract of spinach, 19 parts of bone meal, 17 parts of soybean straw and 5 parts of humic acid of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 is completely the same;
Experimental group F:Ganodenna Lucidum P.E is not added in liquid fertilizer formula, 13 parts of animals urine, 3 parts of borax, 25 are used only The extract of spinach, 19 parts of bone meal, 17 parts of soybean straw and 5 parts of humic acid of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 is completely the same;
Experimental group G:Ganodenna Lucidum P.E is not added in liquid fertilizer formula, 13 parts of animals urine, 3 parts of borax, 25 are used only The extract of spinach, 19 parts of bone meal, 17 parts of soybean straw and 5 parts of humic acid of part;Other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 is completely the same;
Control group:Biological pesticide is not applied to the oil tea woods, other cultural methods, parameter and embodiment 1 are completely the same.
Table 4
As seen from the above table, the Chinese milk vetch 15d plant heights, 30d plant heights of experimental group A is more than the purple of experimental group B-G, experimental group B-G Cloud English 15d plant heights, 30d plant heights are more than control group;Illustrate that the application liquid fertilizer can significantly improve the speed of growth of Chinese milk vetch, and liquid Fertile ingredient is indispensable, is used in compounding better.
In conclusion the method for the Chinese milk vetch interplanting using the present invention, can effectively improve the fruit yield of tea oil tree, the present invention Corresponding fertilizer is configured according to the demand of different times oil tea fruit tree growth characteristics, is configured according to the growth characteristics of Chinese milk vetch corresponding Liquid fertilizer, the growth demand of oil tea fruit tree can be effectively improved, and improve the growth efficiency of Chinese milk vetch.
Several embodiments of the invention above described embodiment only expresses, the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Cannot limitation of the scope of the invention therefore be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, Without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the protection model of the present invention It encloses.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield, which is characterized in that described method includes following steps:
(1) nursery:Seedlings nursery is turned over, then applies the organic fertilizer that a layer thickness is 5cm-8cm, then covers one layer again Soil after stack retting 25d-30d, is carried out one time and turns over that organic fertilizer is made uniformly to mix with soil, then by the red soil of 10cm-15cm again Full, healthy Seed of Camellia oleifera is sowed for 20cm-30cm × 20cm-30cm in Seedlings nursery according to seeding row spacing, and irregularly It waters to Seedlings nursery after planting, it is 10%-20% to keep the relative humidity of soil, waits for that the plant height of oil tea sapling is grown to Oil tea sapling is transplanted when 20cm-25cm, the root of oil tea sapling is immersed in nursery water before transplanting, when immersion is a length of 30min-40min;
(2) site preparation:Weedtree and the weeds of planting site are removed, are then that 200cm-250cm × 200cm-250cm is opened according to seeding row spacing Field planting hole is dug, the length for being colonized hole is 40cm-50cm, width 40cm-50cm, depth 20cm-30cm;Then it is cheated to field planting The substrate fertilizer that middle addition thickness is 5cm-8cm;
(3) it is colonized:Tea oil tree seed of the step (1) after the immersion of nursery water is implanted in the field planting that step (2) is added to substrate fertilizer In hole, backfilled with earth fills up field planting hole, and is compacted, and irrigates the tea oil tree seedling planting site after field planting, keeps soil Relative humidity is 8%-15%;
(4) camellia oleifera lam management:The oil tea sapling of step (3) is colonized the latter moon, start to tea oil tree planting site spray insecticide I spray The amount of spilling is 10ml/ plants -20ml/ plants, sprays 1 pesticide I every other month later, is sprayed 3-5 times altogether;And irregularly to oil tea Woods carries out weeding;
(5) Chinese milk vetch is interplanted:Step (3) camellia oleifera lam field planting after 15d tea oil tree intercrop Chinese milk vetch, Chinese milk vetch plantation Seeding row spacing is 10cm-15cm × 10cm-15cm, and the interplanting same day sprays liquid fertilizer to Chinese milk vetch, the applied amount of liquid fertilizer is 20ml/ plants- 30ml/ plants;15d starts to spray insecticide II to Chinese milk vetch planting site after plantation, and fountain height is 10ml/ plant -20ml/ plant, arrives purple cloud When English grows to full-bloom stage, the whole strain of Chinese milk vetch is turned in nuzzling soil, continue to interplant Chinese milk vetch as stated above after 15d-20d.
2. a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (1) Organic fertilizer comprises the following components in parts by weight:15 parts -25 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 10 parts -20 parts of animal wastes, 7 parts -15 parts Bone meal, 30 parts -40 parts of mulberry leaf, 25 parts -35 parts of Chinese milk vetch, 14 parts -24 parts of beans bar and 25 parts -35 parts of black soya bean leaf.
3. a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (1) Nursery water comprises the following components in parts by weight:14 parts -24 parts of stems of dragon fruits extract, 10 parts -23 parts of aloe extract, 8 parts -23 parts of Abelmoschus Esculentus Linn extract, 17 parts -30 parts of gibberellin and 19 parts -32 parts of paclobutrazol.
4. a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (2) Substrate fertilizer comprises the following components in parts by weight:23 parts -35 parts of humic acid, 16 parts -27 parts of agaric mushroom bran, 12 parts -27 parts Rice straw, 21 parts -34 parts of biogas residue, 20 parts -32 parts of quick lime, 17 parts -29 parts of oil tea slag, 30 parts -41 parts of napier grass, 34 - 45 parts of black soya bean leaf of part and 18 parts -34 parts of Folium Glycines.
5. a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (4) The active ingredient of pesticide I is by the chlopyrifos of 470g/L-485g/L, the shenqinmycin of 42g/L-49g/L, 47g/L-48.5g/L The imidacloprid powder of Cypermethrin and 50g/L-60g/L form.
6. a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (5) Liquid fertilizer comprises the following components in parts by weight:13 parts -25 parts of animals urine, 3 parts -7 parts of borax, 25 parts -37 parts of spinach Extract, 19 parts -29 parts of bone meal, 17 parts -27 parts of soybean straw and 5 parts -15 parts of humic acid.
7. a kind of implantation methods improving tea-oil tree yield according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (5) The active ingredient of pesticide II is by the dimethomorph of 500g/L-520g/L, the wood of the bamboo tar of 36g/L-39g/L, 33g/L-37g/L The imidacloprid powder of tar and 33g/L-36g/L form.
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CN106105973A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 安徽金培因科技有限公司 A kind of oil tea implantation methods
CN106305066A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-11 广西鑫雅皇庭园林工程有限责任公司 Oil tea seedling raising method
CN106380248A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-08 邓万超 Method for planting camellia oleifera with early fruit bearing
CN106613644A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-05-10 刘敏 High-yield planting and cultivating method of tea-oil trees

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Application publication date: 20180724