CN108303450A - Quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water device and its working method - Google Patents

Quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water device and its working method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108303450A
CN108303450A CN201810169951.XA CN201810169951A CN108303450A CN 108303450 A CN108303450 A CN 108303450A CN 201810169951 A CN201810169951 A CN 201810169951A CN 108303450 A CN108303450 A CN 108303450A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mineralization
ground water
float
time dynamic
dynamic monitoring
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Pending
Application number
CN201810169951.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张庆
葛伟亚
贾军元
雷廷
田福金
邢怀学
李亮
余成
常晓军
周杰
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NANJING CENTER CHINA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
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NANJING CENTER CHINA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
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Priority to CN201810169951.XA priority Critical patent/CN108303450A/en
Publication of CN108303450A publication Critical patent/CN108303450A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N27/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means
    • G01N27/02Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance
    • G01N27/04Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance by investigating resistance
    • G01N27/06Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance by investigating resistance of a liquid

Abstract

The device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water, it is characterized in that the present apparatus is equipped with float, float uses hollow closed plastic box, built-in power inside plastic casing, platinum electrode there are two being fixed downwards in the side of float, two platinum electrode tail ends are connected to temperature sensor, the tail end mechanical connection of temperature sensor and two platinum electrodes;The head end input line of two platinum electrodes is connected with power supply;The signal wire of described two platinum electrodes and temperature sensor exports measurement data.The salinity of monitoring underground water in real time, the functions such as temperature can be achieved in the present invention, while timely can corresponsively descend salinity water dynamic change, find underground water pollution early, reduce the loss sheet of a large amount of economy and resource.The present invention is easy to operate, and cheap, various pieces are all detachable, convenience in transport, and also easy to repair and management, used material is resistant material, can efficiently reduce the pollution to underground water.

Description

Quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water device and its working method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of devices of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water, belong to underground water detecting instrument neck Domain.The invention further relates to the working methods of the monitoring device of this degree of mineralization of ground water.
Subject of the present invention belongs to a kind of accurate degree of mineralization of ground water monitoring device of convenient quickly and its working method.
Background technology
Groundwater monitoring instrument is widely used in the hydrology, meteorological, the groundwater monitoring in the fields such as land resources, and measures ground The salinity of lower water is to measure the big event of Hydrochemical Composition.Salinity is the total amount of contained inorganic Kuang Wu Cheng Alto in water.It It is the correction parameter for weighing natural water intermediate ion sum for evaluating saliferous total amount in underground water.Current degree of mineralization of ground water inspection Survey is measured by the method for in-situ acquisition laboratory test, and limitation is very big, and used underground water mineralising in situ at present Degree monitoring instrument involves great expense, and service life is short, and consuming energy is big, it is difficult to accomplish to monitor in real time, be not suitable for promoting the use of.In view of The above drawback, a kind of cheap, easy to operation degree of mineralization of ground water real-time monitoring device of invention.
Invention content
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of devices of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water, to overcome existing skill Above-mentioned deficiency present on art.The structure of the present invention will make this monitoring instrument electric conductivity stronger, measurement accuracy higher;It can make entire Instrument floats on waterborne, and only measuring device is dived beneath the water so that measures more steady, monitoring result is more accurate.The present invention makes Valence is cheap, easy to operate, and various pieces are all detachable, convenience in transport, while also easy to repair and management.The present invention can Timely corresponsively to descend salinity water dynamic change, underground water pollution is found early, reduces the loss of a large amount of economy and resource This.
The present invention also provides the working methods of the monitoring device of this degree of mineralization of ground water.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water, which is characterized in that the present apparatus is equipped with float, and described is floating Son uses hollow closed plastic box, built-in power inside the plastic casing, and in the side of the float, fixed downwards there are two platinum electricity Pole, described two platinum electrode tail ends are connected to temperature sensor, and the tail end machinery of the temperature sensor and described two platinum electrodes connects It connects;The head end input line of two platinum electrode is connected with power supply;The signal wire of described two platinum electrodes and temperature sensor exports Measurement data.
Referring to Fig.1:In figure, processing terminal 1, platinum electrode 2, temperature sensor 3, float 4, conducting wire 5.Metal box side wall connects The temperature sensor 3 that is connected with platinum electrode tail end of platinum electrode 2.
The present invention has following prioritization scheme:
The all parts of described device are made of resistant material.
The structure of the plastic casing takes waterproof measure to prevent battery pollution underground;
Fixed form between described two platinum electrodes and temperature sensor and the float is all made of removably company It connects.That is, all parts of described device can be free to remove and replace.
The output of the temperature sensor and platinum electrode connects processing terminal.
The processing terminal is equipped with warning device, for example, buzzer and/or alarm lamp.When the number of the degree of mineralization of ground water When value is abnormal or numerical value hair is widely varied, the alarm of launch computer warning device.
Completing the technical solution of second invention task of the application is:The above-mentioned quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water Device working method, which is characterized in that steps are as follows:
Using when instrument is installed as requested first;
(2) float is slowly put into monitoring well underground water position by, and instrument is stood;
(3) observes processing terminal, records degree of mineralization of ground water numerical value;
(4) a numerical value is recorded at regular intervals after;
(5) processing terminals calculate the numerical value of the degree of mineralization of ground water according to electrode conductivity, and show.
Following steps can be increased in prioritization scheme:
(6) conductivity between processing terminal finds electrode has the when of obviously increasing or reduce to represent underground water component and is changed (It is likely occurred pollution), start warning device alarm.
The present invention is based on conductance methods to measure the salinity in underground water, and conductance method is that a kind of longitude is high, fireballing measurement The method of salinity in underground water.Conductivity is a kind of physical quantity of expression solution conduction current capacity, and example is more in solution, Conductivity is bigger, and because the example containing government's charge can be acted between electrode and be migrated to positive and negative anodes in solution, therefore can To calculate the salinity in solution indirectly using conductivity.
The numerical value of resistance R can be calculated when electrode is inserted into solution.There is Ohm's law it is found that one timing of temperature The resistance of material is directly proportional to interelectrode distance L, is inversely proportional with electrode sections product A, i.e. R=P*L/A, since L and A is definite value, Therefore L/A is also definite value, is represented here with Q.The inverse of resistivity P becomes conductivity and this patent physical quantity to be calculated, Here it is represented with K.So K=Q/R can be obtained.
It is final to determine salinity and conductance by regression analysis since conductivity is not salinity measurement unit The relationship equation of rate, y=13.5+0.876x, relative coefficient 0.995.
The solution have the advantages that:Platinum electrode is fixed using plastic casing so that instrument electric conductivity is stronger, and measurement accuracy is more Height, plastic casing is hollow, entire instrument can be made to float on waterborne, only measuring device is dived beneath the water so that measures more steady, monitoring As a result more accurate.The original paper that the present invention uses is cheap, easy to operate, and various pieces are all detachable, convenience in transport, Also easy to repair and management simultaneously, material used in the present invention is resistant material, and can realize monitoring ground in real time The salinity of lower water, the functions such as temperature, while salinity water dynamic change timely can be corresponsively descended, find that underground water is dirty early Dye, reduces the loss sheet of a large amount of economy and resource.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1, the device and working method of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water.As shown in Figure 1, of the invention The groundwater monitoring device includes:Processing terminal 1;Platinum electrode 2;Temperature sensor 3;Float 4;Conducting wire 5.
The general thought of the present invention is to monitor underground water using the method for the salinity in Means of Electrical Conductivity water, due to The timing of temperature one, resistance apart from directly proportional, and are inversely proportional to interelectrode with the cross section of electrode, i.e. R=P*L/A, due to L/A It is known that therefore conductivity 1/P can be calculated.Salinity can thus be calculated.
The present invention when in use first installs instrument according to Fig. 1, plastic casing is slowly put into where monitoring well underground water Position stands instrument, observes processing terminal, records degree of mineralization of ground water numerical value, and record is primary at regular intervals later Numerical value, when between processing terminal show electrode potential difference have it is apparent increase or while reducing represents underground water component and changed, very It may pollute, that is, send out alarm.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water, which is characterized in that the present apparatus is equipped with float, described Float uses hollow closed plastic box, built-in power inside the plastic casing, and in the side of the float, fixed downwards there are two platinum Electrode, described two platinum electrode tail ends are connected to temperature sensor, the tail end machinery of the temperature sensor and described two platinum electrodes Connection;The head end input line of two platinum electrode is connected with power supply;The signal wire of described two platinum electrodes and temperature sensor is defeated Go out measurement data.
2. the device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The present apparatus All parts be made of resistant material.
3. the device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described two Fixed form between a platinum electrode and temperature sensor and the float is all made of removably connection;And float It is mechanically connected between electrode, electric current is only transmitted by conducting wire.
4. the device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In described Empty closed metal box uses waterproof construction;To prevent battery pollution underground.
5. the device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water according to one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that: The output of the temperature sensor and platinum electrode connects processing terminal.
6. the device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The place It manages terminal and is equipped with warning device.
7. the working method of the device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water described in claim 1, which is characterized in that Steps are as follows:
Using when instrument is installed as requested first;
(2) float is slowly put into monitoring well underground water position by, and instrument is stood;
(3) observes processing terminal, records degree of mineralization of ground water numerical value;
(4) a numerical value is recorded at regular intervals after;
(5) processing terminals calculate the numerical value of the degree of mineralization of ground water according to electrode conductivity, and show.
8. the working method of the device of the quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water according to claim 7, feature It is, increase there are following steps:
(6) potential differences between processing terminal finds electrode have apparent when increasing or reducing, start warning device and alarm.
CN201810169951.XA 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 Quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water device and its working method Pending CN108303450A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810169951.XA CN108303450A (en) 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 Quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water device and its working method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810169951.XA CN108303450A (en) 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 Quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water device and its working method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108303450A true CN108303450A (en) 2018-07-20

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CN201810169951.XA Pending CN108303450A (en) 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 Quick real-time dynamic monitoring degree of mineralization of ground water device and its working method

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109828016A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-05-31 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of electric pole type crude oil salinity real-time detector

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109828016A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-05-31 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of electric pole type crude oil salinity real-time detector
CN109828016B (en) * 2019-01-21 2021-03-26 哈尔滨理工大学 Electrode type crude oil mineralization real-time detector

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