CN108296863A - A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool - Google Patents

A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108296863A
CN108296863A CN201711469976.3A CN201711469976A CN108296863A CN 108296863 A CN108296863 A CN 108296863A CN 201711469976 A CN201711469976 A CN 201711469976A CN 108296863 A CN108296863 A CN 108296863A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water washing
numerically
shell
exhaust chamber
washing chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201711469976.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
殷杭益
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Jiangbei Bai Di Communication Network Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningbo Jiangbei Bai Di Communication Network Engineering Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningbo Jiangbei Bai Di Communication Network Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Jiangbei Bai Di Communication Network Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711469976.3A priority Critical patent/CN108296863A/en
Publication of CN108296863A publication Critical patent/CN108296863A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/60Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D46/00 and B01D47/00

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of intelligent dust collectors of numerically-controlled machine tool, including shell, exhaust chamber, gas pipeline, water washing chamber, air blower, PLC controller and sensor of dust concentration, it is provided with gas outlet on the left of the shell upper, the top of the gas outlet is equipped with exhaust chamber, the inside of the exhaust chamber is equipped with wind turbine, and wind turbine is fixed on by fixing bracket on the inner wall of exhaust chamber, flabellum is installed on the wind turbine, water washing chamber is installed on the right side of the exhaust chamber, and cleaning solution is housed in water washing chamber, air blower is installed on the right side of the water washing chamber, air inlet window is provided on inner wall on the right side of the shell.The present invention provides a kind of intelligent dust collectors of numerically-controlled machine tool, by the shell of setting, exhaust chamber, gas pipeline, water washing chamber, air blower, PLC controller and sensor of dust concentration, solve the problems, such as frequently to clear up or replace strainer and be discharged into extraneous gas still to contain peculiar smell, harmful substance.

Description

A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool
Technical field
The present invention relates to numerical control machine tool technique field, specially a kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool.
Background technology
Numerically-controlled machine tool is a kind of automated machine tool equipped with program control system, which can logically handle tool There are control coding or other symbolic instruction regulated procedures, and decoded, with the digital representation of code, passes through information carrier Numerical control device is inputted, various control signals are sent out by numerical control device through calculation process, the action of control lathe, by drawing Shape and size automatically process part, and a large amount of dust, dust disperse are will produce in numerically-controlled machine tool converted products In the workshop of processing, the health of staff is endangered, therefore dedusting is also increasingly paid close attention to by people.
But the dust-extraction unit of existing numerically-controlled machine tool has the following deficiencies:
1. the dust-extraction unit of existing numerically-controlled machine tool directly utilizes strainer filtering to remove dust, cause frequently to clear up or replace Strainer influences the processing of numerically-controlled machine tool;
2. the dust-extraction unit of existing numerically-controlled machine tool, the processed gas of strainer is directly discharged to the external world, is subject to processing product It influences, peculiar smell and harmful substance is still contained in gas.
Invention content
(One)The technical issues of solution
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, it the present invention provides a kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool, solves frequent clear Reason replaces strainer and is discharged into extraneous gas the problem of still containing peculiar smell, harmful substance.
(Two)Technical solution
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool, including it is outer Shell, exhaust chamber, gas pipeline, water washing chamber, air blower, PLC controller and sensor of dust concentration, the left side of the shell upper It is provided with gas outlet, the top of the gas outlet is equipped with exhaust chamber, and the inside of the exhaust chamber is equipped with wind turbine, and wind turbine is logical It crosses fixing bracket to be fixed on the inner wall of exhaust chamber, flabellum is installed on the wind turbine, water is installed on the right side of the exhaust chamber Tank-washer, and cleaning solution is housed in water washing chamber, air blower is installed on the right side of the water washing chamber, the lower part of the air blower is equipped with Air inlet pipe, and air inlet pipe is placed in inside the shell wall on the right side of shell, and air inlet window, institute are provided on the inner wall on the right side of the shell It states and PLC controller is installed on the inner wall of shell upper, the lower part of the PLC controller is equipped with sensor of dust concentration.
Preferably, the exhaust chamber is connected to water washing chamber by the first appendix, and the right end of the first appendix is immersed in Under the liquid level of cleaning solution.
Preferably, the water washing chamber is connected to air blower by the second appendix, and the company of water washing chamber and the second appendix Screen cover is installed on the inner wall of socket part position.
Preferably, be provided with the venthole being evenly distributed on the air inlet window, and venthole by air intake branch with into Tracheae is connected to.
Preferably, the PLC controller is electrically connected with wind turbine, air blower and sensor of dust concentration respectively by call wire It connects.
(Three)Advantageous effect
The present invention provides a kind of intelligent dust collectors of numerically-controlled machine tool, have following advantageous effect:
(1)The present invention, by the exhaust chamber of setting, wind turbine, water washing chamber, cleaning solution, PLC controller and sensor of dust concentration, In use, sensor of dust concentration operation perceives the concentration of dust in numerically controlled lathe, and transfer data in PLC controller, The data that PLC controller processing receives, when concentration reaches setting value, PLC controller controls fan operation and drives flabellum rotation, The gas that dust is mixed in numerically controlled lathe is extracted into exhaust chamber, the dust gas in exhaust chamber is transported to by the first appendix In cleaning solution in water washing chamber, cleaning solution cleans dust and peculiar smell in dust gas etc., is washed off in gas and is contained using cleaning solution Some dusts, dust removal effect is good, and cleaning fluid exchange is simple, solves and directly removes dust using strainer filtering, causes frequently Cleaning or replace strainer, the problem of influencing the processing of numerically-controlled machine tool;
(2)The present invention, by the screen cover of setting, air blower, air inlet pipe and air inlet window, air blower operation is extracted on water washing chamber The processed gas in portion is transported to by the second appendix in air blower after processed gas again passes by screen cover filtering, Air blower is transported to by air inlet pipe in the air admission hole in air inlet window by internal gas, then is discharged in shell by air admission hole Cycle, processed gas is again fed in equipment and is recycled, gas is solved and is directly discharged to the external world, in gas still contain The problem of peculiar smell and harmful substance.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of air inlet window in Fig. 1 of the present invention.
In figure:1 shell, 2 gas outlets, 3 exhaust chambers, 4 fixing brackets, 5 wind turbines, 6 flabellums, 7 deflectors, 8 first appendixs, 9 water washing chambers, 10 cleaning solutions, 11 screen covers, 12 second appendixs, 13 air blowers, 14 air inlet pipe, 15 air inlet windows, 16 PLC controls Device processed, 17 sensor of dust concentration, 18 ventholes, 19 air intake branches.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It please refers to Fig.1 shown in -2, a kind of embodiment provided by the invention;A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool, packet Shell 1, exhaust chamber 3, gas pipeline 8, water washing chamber 9, air blower 13, PLC controller 16 and sensor of dust concentration 17 are included, it is described Gas outlet 2 is provided on the left of 1 top of shell, the top of the gas outlet 2 is equipped with exhaust chamber 3, convenient for adding numerically controlled lathe The dust that chemical product generates siphons away processing, and the inside of the exhaust chamber 3 is equipped with wind turbine 5, and wind turbine 5 is solid by fixing bracket 4 It is scheduled on the inner wall of exhaust chamber 3, flabellum 6 is installed on the wind turbine 5, the operation of wind turbine 5 drives the rotation of flabellum 6 that will be mixed with dust Gas is extracted into exhaust chamber 3, and the right side of the exhaust chamber 3 is equipped with water washing chamber 9, and cleaning solution 10 is housed in water washing chamber 9, described Exhaust chamber 3 is connected to water washing chamber 9 by the first appendix 8, and the right end of the first appendix 8 is immersed in the liquid level of cleaning solution 10 Under, it is cleaned in the cleaning solution 10 that the dust gas in exhaust chamber 3 is transported to by the first appendix 8 in water washing chamber 9, handles dust The right side of equal substances, the water washing chamber 9 is equipped with air blower 13, and the water washing chamber 9 passes through the second appendix 12 with air blower 13 Connection, and screen cover 11 is installed on the inner wall of the connecting portion of water washing chamber 9 and the second appendix 12, under the air blower 13 Portion is equipped with air inlet pipe 14, and air inlet pipe 14 is placed in inside the shell wall on 1 right side of shell, is set on the inner wall on 1 right side of the shell It is equipped with air inlet window 15, the venthole 18 being evenly distributed is provided on the air inlet window 15, and venthole 18 passes through air inlet branch Pipe 19 is connected to air inlet pipe 14, and processed gas is again fed to the inside of shell 1, avoids to have in equipment running process Evil gas is discharged into the external world, endangers work human body health, PLC controller 16, institute are equipped on the inner wall on 1 top of the shell It states PLC controller 16 to be electrically connected with wind turbine 5, air blower 13 and sensor of dust concentration 17 respectively by call wire, the PLC The lower part of controller 16 is equipped with sensor of dust concentration 17, the concentration of dust in awareness apparatus, and transfers data to PLC controls On device 16 processed, the data control equipment dedusting of the processing reception of PLC controller 16.
Operation principle:The present invention in use, sensor of dust concentration 17 operation perception numerically controlled lathe in dust concentration, and It transfers data in PLC controller 16, the data that the processing of PLC controller 16 receives, when concentration reaches setting value, PLC controls Device 16 processed controls the operation of wind turbine 5 and flabellum 6 is driven to rotate, and the gas that dust is mixed in numerically controlled lathe is extracted into exhaust chamber 3, is evacuated Dust gas in case 3 is transported to by the first appendix 8 in the cleaning solution 10 in water washing chamber 9, and cleaning solution 10 cleans grey dust and gas The processed gas in 9 top of water washing chamber is extracted in dust and peculiar smell in body etc., the operation of air blower 13, and processed gas passes through again It after filtering screen 11 filters, is transported in air blower 13 by the second appendix 12, air blower 13 passes through by internal gas Air inlet pipe 14 is transported in the air admission hole 18 in air inlet window 15, then is discharged to cycle in shell 1 by air admission hole 18.
It can to sum up obtain, the present invention passes through the shell 1 of setting, exhaust chamber 3, gas pipeline 8, water washing chamber 9, air blower 13, PLC Controller 16 and sensor of dust concentration 17, solve frequent cleaning or replace strainer and be discharged into extraneous gas and still contain There is the problem of peculiar smell, harmful substance.
It should be noted that herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also include other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Understanding without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention can carry out these embodiments a variety of variations, modification, replace And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool, including shell(1), exhaust chamber(3), gas pipeline(8), water washing chamber (9), air blower(13), PLC controller(16)And sensor of dust concentration(17), it is characterised in that:The shell(1)Top Left side is provided with gas outlet(2), the gas outlet(2)Top exhaust chamber is installed(3), the exhaust chamber(3)Inside peace Equipped with wind turbine(5), and wind turbine(5)Pass through fixing bracket(4)It is fixed on exhaust chamber(3)Inner wall on, the wind turbine(5)Upper installation There is flabellum(6), the exhaust chamber(3)Right side water washing chamber is installed(9), and water washing chamber(9)It is interior that cleaning solution is housed(10), described Water washing chamber(9)Right side air blower is installed(13), the air blower(13)Lower part air inlet pipe is installed(14), and air inlet pipe (14)It is placed in shell(1)Inside the shell wall on right side, the shell(1)Air inlet window is provided on the inner wall on right side(15), institute State shell(1)PLC controller is installed on the inner wall on top(16), the PLC controller(16)To be equipped with dust dense for lower part Spend sensor(17).
2. a kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The exhaust chamber(3) With water washing chamber(9)Pass through the first appendix(8)Connection, and the first appendix(8)Right end be immersed in cleaning solution(10)Liquid level Under.
3. a kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water washing chamber(9) With air blower(13)Pass through the second appendix(12)Connection, and water washing chamber(9)With the second appendix(12)Connecting portion it is interior Screen cover is installed on wall(11).
4. a kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The air inlet window (15)On be provided with the venthole being evenly distributed(18), and venthole(18)Pass through air intake branch(19)With air inlet pipe(14)Even It is logical.
5. a kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The PLC controller (16)By call wire respectively with wind turbine(5), air blower(13)And sensor of dust concentration(17)It is electrically connected.
CN201711469976.3A 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool Withdrawn CN108296863A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711469976.3A CN108296863A (en) 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711469976.3A CN108296863A (en) 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108296863A true CN108296863A (en) 2018-07-20

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711469976.3A Withdrawn CN108296863A (en) 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 A kind of intelligent dust collector of numerically-controlled machine tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108296863A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112091714A (en) * 2020-09-18 2020-12-18 广州伽年科技有限公司 Chip removal device for machining of numerical control machine tool

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112091714A (en) * 2020-09-18 2020-12-18 广州伽年科技有限公司 Chip removal device for machining of numerical control machine tool

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Application publication date: 20180720