CN108282737B - Antenna adjusting method and device - Google Patents

Antenna adjusting method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108282737B
CN108282737B CN201611264310.XA CN201611264310A CN108282737B CN 108282737 B CN108282737 B CN 108282737B CN 201611264310 A CN201611264310 A CN 201611264310A CN 108282737 B CN108282737 B CN 108282737B
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China
Prior art keywords
base station
azimuth angle
target area
determining
antenna
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CN108282737A (en
Inventor
杨镇
郝伟
康慧琴
马翊翔
贾咸岐
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China Mobile Communications Group Co Ltd
China Mobile Group Shanxi Co Ltd
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China Mobile Communications Group Co Ltd
China Mobile Group Shanxi Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611264310.XA priority Critical patent/CN108282737B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/021Services related to particular areas, e.g. point of interest [POI] services, venue services or geofences
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q3/00Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system
    • H01Q3/02Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system using mechanical movement of antenna or antenna system as a whole
    • H01Q3/08Arrangements for changing or varying the orientation or the shape of the directional pattern of the waves radiated from an antenna or antenna system using mechanical movement of antenna or antenna system as a whole for varying two co-ordinates of the orientation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/08Access point devices
    • H04W88/10Access point devices adapted for operation in multiple networks, e.g. multi-mode access points

Abstract

The invention discloses an antenna adjusting method and device, which are used for providing a simple antenna adjusting mode, and the method comprises the following steps: receiving a first identification, and determining a target area indicated by the first identification; determining a first azimuth angle; wherein the first azimuth is an azimuth of an antenna of the first base station relative to the target area; determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area; outputting an antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to a working model of the first base station, and adjusting the first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; dividing N sub-regions by taking the center of the target region as a center; n is a positive integer greater than 1. The invention also discloses corresponding equipment.

Description

Antenna adjusting method and device
Technical Field
The present invention relates to the field of antenna technologies, and in particular, to an antenna adjustment method and device.
Background
In some areas of China, such as rural areas in plain and remote hilly and mountainous areas, communication network signals are poor due to the reasons of wide areas, complex terrain environment, long house intervals, wide and sparse distribution, low house floors, no indoor equipment and the like. When a communication network problem occurs in such an area, a technician must go to the area to perform on-site detection, and then can make an adjustment scheme for the base station antenna, which is complicated in adjustment process.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the invention provides an antenna setting method and device, which are used for providing a simple antenna adjustment mode.
In a first aspect, an antenna setting method is provided, including:
receiving a first identification, and determining a target area indicated by the first identification;
determining a first azimuth angle; wherein the first azimuth is an azimuth of an antenna of the first base station relative to the target area;
determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area; wherein the road direction is an east-west direction or a north-south direction; the determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area includes: determining a working model of the first base station according to the road direction, the first azimuth angle and a preset corresponding relation; the preset corresponding relation is the corresponding relation among the road direction of the target area, the azimuth angle of the antenna of the first base station relative to the target area and the working model;
outputting an antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to a working model of the first base station, and adjusting the first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; dividing N sub-regions by taking the center of the target region as a center; n is a positive integer greater than 1.
Optionally, before determining the first azimuth angle, the method further includes:
calculating a difference value between the altitude of the position of the first base station and the altitude of the position of the target area;
determining a first azimuth angle, comprising:
and if the difference is smaller than or equal to a preset threshold value, determining the first azimuth angle.
Optionally, before determining the first azimuth angle, the method further includes:
if at least two base stations exist in the range with the center of the target area as the circle center and a first preset distance as the radius, respectively determining the distance between each base station of the at least two base stations and the target area;
and determining the base station with the shortest distance to the target area in the at least two base stations as the first base station.
Optionally, adjusting the downtilt of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station includes:
and adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station and at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
Optionally, adjusting the first azimuth angle according to the sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located includes:
adjusting the first azimuth angle to a second azimuth angle; if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the first quadrant or the area included in the second quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a first value range, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the third quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a second value range, and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the fourth quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a fourth value range; wherein the first quadrant, the second quadrant, the third quadrant, and the fourth quadrant are divided with a center of the target area as a coordinate origin.
In a second aspect, there is provided a first antenna adjustment apparatus comprising:
the receiving module is used for receiving a first identifier and determining a target area indicated by the first identifier;
the determining module is used for determining a first azimuth and determining a working model of a first base station according to the first azimuth and the road direction in the target area; wherein the first azimuth is an azimuth of an antenna of the first base station relative to the target area; the road direction is an east-west direction or a north-south direction; the determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area includes: determining a working model of the first base station according to the road direction, the first azimuth angle and a preset corresponding relation; the preset corresponding relation is the corresponding relation among the road direction of the target area, the azimuth angle of the antenna of the first base station relative to the target area and the working model;
an output module for outputting an antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to a working model of the first base station, and adjusting the first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; dividing N sub-regions by taking the center of the target region as a center; n is a positive integer greater than 1.
Optionally, the apparatus further comprises a calculating module, before the determining module determines the first azimuth angle, the calculating module is further configured to:
calculating a difference value between the altitude of the position of the first base station and the altitude of the position of the target area;
the determination module determines a first azimuth angle, comprising:
and if the difference is smaller than or equal to a preset threshold value, determining the first azimuth angle.
Optionally, before determining the first azimuth angle, the determining module is further configured to:
if at least two base stations exist in the range with the center of the target area as the circle center and a first preset distance as the radius, respectively determining the distance between each base station of the at least two base stations and the target area;
and determining the base station with the shortest distance to the target area in the at least two base stations as the first base station.
Optionally, adjusting the downtilt of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station includes:
and adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station and at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
Optionally, adjusting the first azimuth angle according to the sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located includes:
adjusting the first azimuth angle to a second azimuth angle; if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the first quadrant or the area included in the second quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a first value range, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the third quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a second value range, and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the fourth quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a fourth value range; wherein the first quadrant, the second quadrant, the third quadrant, and the fourth quadrant are divided with a center of the target area as a coordinate origin.
In a third aspect, a second apparatus is provided, comprising:
a memory to store instructions;
the processor is used for calling the instruction stored in the memory, receiving a first identifier and determining a target area indicated by the first identifier; determining a first azimuth angle; wherein the first azimuth is an azimuth of an antenna of the first base station relative to the target area; determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area; wherein the road direction is an east-west direction or a north-south direction; the determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area includes: determining a working model of the first base station according to the road direction, the first azimuth angle and a preset corresponding relation; the preset corresponding relation is the corresponding relation among the road direction of the target area, the azimuth angle of the antenna of the first base station relative to the target area and the working model;
an output device for outputting the antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to a working model of the first base station, and adjusting the first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; dividing N sub-regions by taking the center of the target region as a center; n is a positive integer greater than 1.
Optionally, before determining the first azimuth, the processor is further configured to calculate a difference between an altitude of the location where the first base station is located and an altitude of the location where the target area is located;
the processor determines a first azimuth angle, comprising:
and if the difference is smaller than or equal to a preset threshold value, determining the first azimuth angle.
Optionally, before determining the first azimuth angle, the processor is further configured to:
if at least two base stations exist in the range with the center of the target area as the circle center and a first preset distance as the radius, respectively determining the distance between each base station of the at least two base stations and the target area;
and determining the base station with the shortest distance to the target area in the at least two base stations as the first base station.
Optionally, adjusting the downtilt of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station includes:
and adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station and at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
Optionally, adjusting the first azimuth angle according to the sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located includes:
adjusting the first azimuth angle to a second azimuth angle; if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the first quadrant or the area included in the second quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a first value range, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the third quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a second value range, and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the fourth quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a fourth value range; wherein the first quadrant, the second quadrant, the third quadrant, and the fourth quadrant are divided with a center of the target area as a coordinate origin.
The embodiment of the invention provides a digital antenna adjustment method, which can receive a first identifier to determine a target area, and then output an antenna adjustment scheme of the target area according to a pre-stored corresponding relation between a working model of a first base station and the antenna adjustment scheme, so that a technician can directly adjust an antenna of the first base station according to the antenna adjustment scheme without performing processes such as field test analysis and the like, manpower and material resources are greatly saved, and the processing efficiency is also improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical methods in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only the embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts according to the provided drawings.
Fig. 1 is a flowchart of an antenna adjustment method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a first azimuth angle in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a block diagram of a first antenna adjustment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a block diagram of a first antenna adjustment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a block diagram of a second antenna adjustment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
To make the objects, technical methods and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the technical methods in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is to be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. The embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present invention may be arbitrarily combined with each other without conflict. Also, while a logical order is shown in the flow diagrams, in some cases, the steps shown or described may be performed in an order different than here.
In addition, the term "and/or" herein is only one kind of association relationship describing an associated object, and means that there may be three kinds of relationships, for example, a and/or B, which may mean: a exists alone, A and B exist simultaneously, and B exists alone. In addition, the character "/" in this document generally indicates that the preceding and following related objects are in an "or" relationship unless otherwise specified.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the electronic device may refer to a notebook computer, a Personal Computer (PC), and other different electronic devices, and the present invention is not limited to what kind of electronic devices are.
For a better understanding of the above technical method, reference will now be made in detail to the above technical method, which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1, an embodiment of the present invention provides an antenna adjustment method, which may be applied to an electronic device, that is, an execution subject of each step in the method may be the electronic device. The flow of the method is described below.
S101: receiving a first identification, and determining a target area indicated by the first identification;
s102: determining a first azimuth angle; the first azimuth angle is an azimuth angle of an antenna of the first base station relative to a target area;
s103: determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth and the road direction in the target area;
s104: outputting an antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of an antenna according to a working model of a first base station, and adjusting a first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; the center of the target area is used as the center to divide N sub-areas; wherein N is a positive integer greater than 1.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the target area may be, for example, a village. Prior to determining the first azimuth, the electronic device may receive a first identification. The first identifier is used to indicate the target area, and may be, for example, a name of the target area input by the user or longitude and latitude coordinates of the target area input by the user. The electronic device may determine a target area through the received first identifier, for example, the target area may be a village in which a signal problem of the communication network occurs, and the first identifier is a name of the village. After determining the target area, the electronic device may determine the first base station and, in turn, the first azimuth.
The manner in which the electronic device determines the first base station is described below.
If only one base station exists in the range with the center of the target area as the center and the first preset distance as the radius, the electronic device may determine that the base station is the first base station. Regarding the selection of the first preset distance, if the network provided by the base station is a second-generation mobile phone communication technology (2G) network, the first preset distance may be 1600 meters, for example; if the network provided by the base station is a fourth generation mobile communication technology (4G) network, the first predetermined distance may be, for example, 1000 meters.
In a possible embodiment, if there is no base station within a range of a radius of a first preset distance from a center of a target area, the electronic device may determine that a network problem of the target area may be caused by an excessively long distance between the base station and the target area, and accordingly, the electronic device may directly output an antenna adjustment scheme after determining that there is no base station within the range of the radius of the first preset distance from the center of the target area, wherein the antenna adjustment scheme includes adjusting a distance between the base station and the target area such that a distance between at least one base station and the target area is less than or equal to the first preset distance.
If at least two base stations exist in the range with the center of the target area as the center of a circle and the first preset distance as the radius, the electronic equipment respectively determines the distance between each base station of the at least two base stations and the target area, and then determines the base station with the shortest distance between the at least two base stations and the target area as the first base station.
The distance from each base station to the target area may be measured in advance and then stored in the electronic device, or may be calculated by the electronic device in real time according to the longitude and latitude coordinates of each base station and the longitude and latitude coordinates of the target area.
In a possible implementation manner, if the distance between the first base station and the target area is less than or equal to the second preset distance, the first azimuth does not need to be determined any more, and the antenna adjustment scheme may be directly output, where the antenna adjustment scheme includes a base station alarm processing method and/or a base station performance index analysis method. The base station alarm processing method and the base station performance index analysis method are the prior art and are not described herein again. Regarding the selection of the second preset distance, if the network provided by the base station is a second-generation mobile phone communication technology (2G) network, the second preset distance may be 700 meters, for example; if the network provided by the base station is a fourth generation mobile communication technology (4G) network, the second predetermined distance may be 400 meters, for example.
In a possible embodiment, if the distance between the first base station and the target area is greater than the second preset distance, a difference between the altitude of the position where the first base station is located and the altitude of the position where the target area is located may be further calculated after the first base station is determined. If the difference between the altitude of the position where the first base station is located and the altitude of the position where the target area is located is smaller than or equal to a preset threshold, the first azimuth angle can be further determined. The preset threshold may be, for example, -15 m.
Referring to fig. 2, the first azimuth is a horizontal angle from a north-seeking line at the center of the target area to a connection line between the antenna of the first base station and the center of the target area along a clockwise direction.
While determining the first azimuth, the electronic device may also determine a direction of a road within the target area. And determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area. The road directions in the target area can be divided into an east-west direction and a south-north direction.
In a possible implementation manner, if the value range of a horizontal included angle between a north-pointing direction line at the center of the target area and a road of the target area is [0 °, 45 ° ], defining the road direction in the target area as a north-south direction; if the value range of the horizontal included angle is (45 degrees, 90 degrees), the road direction in the target area is defined as the east-west direction.
The mode of determining the operation model of the first base station is specifically as follows:
in a possible embodiment, if the road direction in the target area is the north-south direction: when the range of the first azimuth angle is (0 degrees, 20 degrees), or [340 degrees, 360 degrees ] or [160 degrees, 200 degrees ], the working model of the first base station is a homodromous wave model; when the value range of the first azimuth angle is [70 degrees, 110 degrees ] or [250 degrees, 290 degrees ], the working model of the first base station is a vertical wave model; when the range of the first azimuth angle is [20 °, 70 °), or (110 °, 160 °), or (200 °, 250 °), or (290 °, 340 °), the working model of the first base station is a cross-wave model.
In a possible embodiment, if the road direction within the target area is the east-west direction: when the value range of the first azimuth angle is [70 degrees, 110 degrees ] or [250 degrees, 290 degrees ], the working model of the first base station is a homodromous wave model; when the range of the first azimuth angle is (0 degrees, 20 degrees), or [340 degrees, 360 degrees ] or [160 degrees, 200 degrees ], the working model of the first base station is a vertical wave model; when the range of the first azimuth angle is [20 °, 70 °), or (110 °, 160 °), or (200 °, 250 °), or (290 °, 340 °), the working model of the first base station is a cross-wave model.
After determining the operational model of the first base station, the electronic device may output an antenna adjustment scheme. The antenna adjusting scheme comprises adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station, and adjusting the first azimuth angle according to the sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located.
In a possible embodiment, N sub-regions are divided centering on the center of the target region; wherein N is a positive integer greater than 1. For example N may be 4. For example, the center of the target area may be used as a coordinate origin to divide 4 sub-areas, such as a first quadrant, a second quadrant, a third quadrant, and a fourth quadrant.
In a possible embodiment, the manner of adjusting the downtilt angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station may specifically be:
and adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station and at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
The working model of the first base station, and the corresponding relationship between at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station, and the distance between the first base station and the target area, and the downtilt angle of the antenna may be obtained through testing, analysis, and calculation in advance, and then stored in the device. The specific implementation process can be adjusted according to the specific conditions such as terrain and the like.
In the following, the adjustment of the downward tilt angle of the antenna according to the operation model of the first base station, the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station, and the distance between the first base station and the target area is taken as an example.
Referring to tables 1 and 2, an exemplary table of the relationship between the downtilt angle of the antenna and the operation model of the first base station, the altitude of the first base station, and the effective coverage radius of the first base station for different network types is shown. The effective coverage radius of the first base station means that the network signal received from the first base station is better in the coverage area of a circle with the effective coverage radius as the radius and the first base station as the center of the circle.
TABLE 1
Network type of the first base station: long Term Evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE)
TABLE 2
Network type of the first base station: global System for Mobile communication (GSM)
The following is an example to illustrate how the downtilt angle of the antenna can be adjusted according to the operation model of the first base station, the altitude of the first base station, the network type of the first base station, and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
For example, if the network type of the first base station is an LTE network, the operating model is a co-directional model, the height is 30 meters, and the distance between the first base station and the target area is 580 meters, it can be known from table 1 that if the downtilt angle of the antenna is less than or equal to 6 °, the target area is just within the effective coverage range indicated by the effective coverage radius of the first base station. Therefore, the downtilt angle of the antenna can be adjusted to 6 ° or less.
The first azimuth angle is adjusted according to the sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located, which can be specifically realized by the following method:
adjusting the first azimuth angle to a second azimuth angle; if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the first quadrant or the area included by the second quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the first value range, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the third quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the second value range, and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the fourth quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the fourth value range. As shown in fig. 2, the center of the target area is used as the origin of coordinates, and the first quadrant, the second quadrant, the third quadrant, and the fourth quadrant are divided.
In a possible embodiment, as shown in fig. 2, the first quadrant, the second quadrant, the third quadrant, and the fourth quadrant each include a range of 90 degrees.
In a possible embodiment, as shown in fig. 2, the first azimuth angle is α, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the first quadrant or the area included in the second quadrant, the second azimuth angle has a value in the range of [150 ° + α, 210+ α ], if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the third quadrant, the second azimuth angle has a value in the range of [30 ° + α, 90 ° + α ], and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the fourth quadrant, the second azimuth angle has a value in the range of [ α -150 °, α -210 °.
The relationship between the sub-region where the first azimuth is located and the first azimuth can be obtained through testing, analysis and calculation in advance, and then stored in the device. The specific implementation process can be adjusted according to the specific conditions such as terrain and the like.
The embodiment of the invention provides a digital antenna adjustment method, which can receive a first identifier to determine a target area, and then output an antenna adjustment scheme of the target area according to a pre-stored corresponding relation between a working model of a first base station and the antenna adjustment scheme, so that a technician can directly adjust an antenna of the first base station according to the antenna adjustment scheme without performing processes such as field test analysis and the like, manpower and material resources are greatly saved, and the processing efficiency is also improved.
Referring to fig. 3, based on the same inventive concept, an embodiment of the present invention provides a first antenna adjustment apparatus, including:
a receiving module 301, configured to receive a first identifier, and determine a target area indicated by the first identifier;
a determining module 302, configured to determine a first azimuth and determine a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth and a road direction in the target area; the first azimuth angle is an azimuth angle of an antenna of the first base station relative to a target area; the road direction is the east-west direction or the north-south direction; determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth and the road direction in the target area, wherein the working model comprises the following steps: determining a working model of the first base station according to the road direction, the first azimuth angle and a preset corresponding relation; the preset corresponding relation is the corresponding relation among the road direction of the target area, the azimuth angle of the antenna of the first base station relative to the target area and the working model;
an output module 303, configured to output an antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of an antenna according to a working model of a first base station, and adjusting a first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; the center of the target area is used as the center to divide N sub-areas; n is a positive integer greater than 1.
Optionally, referring to fig. 4, the apparatus further includes a calculation module 304;
before the determining module 302 determines the first azimuth, the calculating module 304 is further configured to:
calculating the difference value between the altitude of the position of the first base station and the altitude of the position of the target area;
the determining module 302 determines a first azimuth angle comprising:
and if the difference is smaller than or equal to a preset threshold value, determining a first azimuth angle.
Optionally, before determining the first azimuth angle, the determining module 302 is further configured to:
if at least two base stations exist in the range with the center of the target area as the circle center and the first preset distance as the radius, respectively determining the distance between each base station of the at least two base stations and the target area;
and determining the base station with the shortest distance to the target area in the at least two base stations as a first base station.
Optionally, adjusting the downtilt angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station includes:
and adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station and at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
Optionally, adjusting the first azimuth angle according to the sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located includes:
adjusting the first azimuth angle to a second azimuth angle; if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the first quadrant or the area included by the second quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the first value range, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the third quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the second value range, and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the fourth quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the fourth value range; the center of the target area is used as a coordinate origin to divide a first quadrant, a second quadrant, a third quadrant and a fourth quadrant.
The device may be configured to execute the method in fig. 1, and therefore, for functions and the like implemented by each module in the device, reference may be made to the description of the foregoing method, which is not repeated herein.
Referring to fig. 5, based on the same inventive concept, the embodiment of the present invention further provides a second antenna adjustment device, which may be the same device as the device shown in fig. 3 or may be a different device. The apparatus comprises:
a memory 501 for storing instructions;
the processor 502 is configured to call the instruction stored in the memory 501, receive the first identifier, and determine a target area indicated by the first identifier; determining a first azimuth angle; the first azimuth angle is an azimuth angle of an antenna of the first base station relative to a target area; determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth and the road direction in the target area; wherein, the road direction is the east-west direction or the north-south direction; determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth and the road direction in the target area, wherein the working model comprises the following steps: determining a working model of the first base station according to the road direction, the first azimuth angle and a preset corresponding relation; the preset corresponding relation is the corresponding relation among the road direction of the target area, the azimuth angle of the antenna of the first base station relative to the target area and the working model;
an output means 503 for outputting the antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of an antenna according to a working model of a first base station, and adjusting a first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; the center of the target area is used as the center to divide N sub-areas; n is a positive integer greater than 1.
Processor 502 may be a general-purpose Central Processing Unit (CPU), or may be an Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), or may be one or more Integrated circuits for controlling program execution. The number of the memory 301 may be one or more. The Memory 301 may include a Read Only Memory (ROM), a Random Access Memory (RAM), or a disk Memory.
The memory 501 and the output device 503 may be connected to the processor 502 by dedicated connection lines, or the memory 501 and the output device 503 may be connected to the processor 502 by a bus, and fig. 5 illustrates the connection by a bus.
The output device 503 may be a display device. For example, the output device 503 may refer to a Light Emitting Diode (LED) display, an Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display, an Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode (AMOLED) display, an IPS (In-Plane Switching) display, and so on. The output device 503 may have multiple sides, and the multiple sides may constitute a rectangular-like shape.
Optionally, before determining the first azimuth, the processor 502 is further configured to calculate a difference between an altitude of the location where the first base station is located and an altitude of the location where the target area is located;
processor 502 determines a first azimuth angle comprising:
and if the difference is smaller than or equal to a preset threshold value, determining a first azimuth angle.
Optionally, before determining the first azimuth angle, the processor 502 is further configured to:
if at least two base stations exist in the range with the center of the target area as the circle center and the first preset distance as the radius, respectively determining the distance between each base station of the at least two base stations and the target area;
and determining the base station with the shortest distance to the target area in the at least two base stations as a first base station.
Optionally, adjusting the downtilt angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station includes:
and adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station and at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
Optionally, adjusting the first azimuth angle according to the sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located includes:
adjusting the first azimuth angle to a second azimuth angle; if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the first quadrant or the area included by the second quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the first value range, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the third quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the second value range, and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included by the fourth quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in the fourth value range; the center of the target area is used as a coordinate origin to divide a first quadrant, a second quadrant, a third quadrant and a fourth quadrant.
As the principle of the second device provided in the embodiment of the present invention is similar to that of the method shown in fig. 1 for solving the problem, the implementation of the second device provided in the embodiment of the present invention may refer to the implementation of the antenna adjusting method in fig. 1, and is not described herein again.
The embodiment of the invention provides a digital antenna adjustment method, which can receive a first identifier to determine a target area, and then output an antenna adjustment scheme of the target area according to a pre-stored corresponding relation between a working model of a first base station and the antenna adjustment scheme, so that a technician can directly adjust an antenna of the first base station according to the antenna adjustment scheme without performing processes such as field test analysis and the like, manpower and material resources are greatly saved, and the processing efficiency is also improved.
It will be clear to those skilled in the art that, for convenience and simplicity of description, the foregoing division of the functional modules is merely used as an example, and in practical applications, the above function distribution may be performed by different functional units according to needs, that is, the internal structure of the device is divided into different functional units to perform all or part of the above described functions. For the specific working processes of the system, the apparatus and the unit described above, reference may be made to the corresponding processes in the foregoing method embodiments, and details are not described here again.
In the embodiments provided in the present invention, it should be understood that the disclosed system, apparatus and method may be implemented in other ways. For example, the above-described apparatus embodiments are merely illustrative, and for example, the division of the modules or units is only one logical division, and there may be other divisions when actually implemented, for example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or may be integrated into another system, or some features may be omitted, or not executed. In addition, the shown or discussed mutual coupling or direct coupling or communication connection may be an indirect coupling or communication connection through some interfaces, devices or units, and may be in an electrical, mechanical or other form.
The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one place, or may be distributed on a plurality of network units. Some or all of the units can be selected according to actual needs to achieve the purpose of the method of the embodiment.
In addition, functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, or each unit may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit. The integrated unit can be realized in a form of hardware, and can also be realized in a form of a software functional unit.
The integrated unit, if implemented in the form of a software functional unit and sold or used as a stand-alone product, may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. Based on such understanding, the technical method of the present invention may be essentially or partially contributed by the prior art, or all or part of the technical method may be embodied in a software product, which is stored in a storage medium and includes several instructions for causing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, a server, a network device, or the like) or a processor (processor) to execute all or part of the steps of the method according to the embodiments of the present invention. And the aforementioned storage medium includes: various media capable of storing program codes, such as a usb disk, a removable hard disk, a ROM (Read-Only Memory), a RAM (Random Access Memory), a magnetic disk, or an optical disk.
The above embodiments are only used to describe the technical method of the present invention in detail, but the above embodiments are only used to help understanding the method of the present invention and the core idea thereof, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Those skilled in the art should also appreciate that they can easily conceive of various changes and substitutions within the technical scope of the present disclosure.

Claims (10)

1. An antenna adjustment method, comprising:
receiving a first identification, and determining a target area indicated by the first identification;
determining a first azimuth angle; wherein the first azimuth is an azimuth of an antenna of the first base station relative to the target area;
determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area; wherein the road direction is an east-west direction or a north-south direction; the determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area includes: determining a working model of the first base station according to the road direction, the first azimuth angle and a preset corresponding relation; the preset corresponding relation is the corresponding relation among the road direction of the target area, the azimuth angle of the antenna of the first base station relative to the target area and the working model;
outputting an antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to a working model of the first base station, and adjusting the first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; dividing N sub-regions by taking the center of the target region as a center; n is a positive integer greater than 1.
2. The method of claim 1,
before determining the first azimuth, the method further comprises:
calculating a difference value between the altitude of the position of the first base station and the altitude of the position of the target area;
determining a first azimuth angle, comprising:
and if the difference is smaller than or equal to a preset threshold value, determining the first azimuth angle.
3. The method of claim 1, prior to determining the first azimuth angle, further comprising:
if at least two base stations exist in the range with the center of the target area as the circle center and a first preset distance as the radius, respectively determining the distance between each base station of the at least two base stations and the target area;
and determining the base station with the shortest distance to the target area in the at least two base stations as the first base station.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein adjusting the downtilt of the antenna according to the operating model of the first base station comprises:
and adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station and at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
5. The method of claim 1, wherein adjusting the first azimuth angle according to the sub-region in which the first azimuth angle is located comprises:
adjusting the first azimuth angle to a second azimuth angle; if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the first quadrant or the area included in the second quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a first value range, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the third quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a second value range, and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the fourth quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a fourth value range; wherein the first quadrant, the second quadrant, the third quadrant, and the fourth quadrant are divided with a center of the target area as a coordinate origin.
6. An antenna adjustment apparatus comprising:
the receiving module is used for receiving a first identifier and determining a target area indicated by the first identifier;
the determining module is used for determining a first azimuth and determining a working model of a first base station according to the first azimuth and the road direction in the target area; wherein the first azimuth is an azimuth of an antenna of the first base station relative to the target area; the road direction is an east-west direction or a north-south direction; the determining a working model of the first base station according to the first azimuth angle and the road direction in the target area includes: determining a working model of the first base station according to the road direction, the first azimuth angle and a preset corresponding relation; the preset corresponding relation is the corresponding relation among the road direction of the target area, the azimuth angle of the antenna of the first base station relative to the target area and the working model;
an output module for outputting an antenna adjustment scheme; the antenna adjusting scheme comprises the steps of adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to a working model of the first base station, and adjusting the first azimuth angle according to a sub-region where the first azimuth angle is located; dividing N sub-regions by taking the center of the target region as a center; n is a positive integer greater than 1.
7. The device of claim 6, wherein the device further comprises a computing module;
before the determining module determines the first azimuth angle, the calculating module is further to:
calculating a difference value between the altitude of the position of the first base station and the altitude of the position of the target area;
the determination module determines a first azimuth angle, comprising:
and if the difference is smaller than or equal to a preset threshold value, determining the first azimuth angle.
8. The device of claim 6, wherein prior to determining the first azimuth angle, the determination module is further to:
if at least two base stations exist in the range with the center of the target area as the circle center and a first preset distance as the radius, respectively determining the distance between each base station of the at least two base stations and the target area;
and determining the base station with the shortest distance to the target area in the at least two base stations as the first base station.
9. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein adjusting the downtilt of the antenna according to the operating model of the first base station comprises:
and adjusting the downward inclination angle of the antenna according to the working model of the first base station and at least one of the height of the first base station, the network type of the first base station and the distance between the first base station and the target area.
10. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein adjusting the first azimuth angle according to the sub-region in which the first azimuth angle is located comprises:
adjusting the first azimuth angle to a second azimuth angle; if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the first quadrant or the area included in the second quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a first value range, if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the third quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a second value range, and if the area where the first azimuth angle is located is the area included in the fourth quadrant, the value of the second azimuth angle is located in a fourth value range; wherein the first quadrant, the second quadrant, the third quadrant, and the fourth quadrant are divided with a center of the target area as a coordinate origin.
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