CN108278052A - Switch latch mechanism and lock assembly and vehicle - Google Patents

Switch latch mechanism and lock assembly and vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108278052A
CN108278052A CN201810220670.2A CN201810220670A CN108278052A CN 108278052 A CN108278052 A CN 108278052A CN 201810220670 A CN201810220670 A CN 201810220670A CN 108278052 A CN108278052 A CN 108278052A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pushing block
lock
lock tongue
tongue pushing
limiting section
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810220670.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108278052B (en
Inventor
叶鹏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hanhai Information Technology Shanghai Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Beijing Mobai Technology Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Mobai Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Mobai Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810220670.2A priority Critical patent/CN108278052B/en
Publication of CN108278052A publication Critical patent/CN108278052A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108278052B publication Critical patent/CN108278052B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B71/00Locks specially adapted for bicycles, other than padlocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62HCYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORIZED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES
    • B62H5/00Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles
    • B62H5/14Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles preventing wheel rotation
    • B62H5/141Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles preventing wheel rotation by means of sliding bolts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B15/00Other details of locks; Parts for engagement by bolts of fastening devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B15/00Other details of locks; Parts for engagement by bolts of fastening devices
    • E05B15/10Bolts of locks or night latches

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Lock And Its Accessories (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of switch latch mechanisms and lock assembly and vehicle.The switch latch mechanism includes:Lock tongue pushing block, elastic component and lock pin, the lock pin is slidably arranged on the lock tongue pushing block, the elastic component is arranged on the lock tongue pushing block, and there are the lock pin latch ends, the elastic component to be configured as applying the active force for making the latch ends stretch out to the direction far from lock tongue pushing block to lock pin;Guide rail and driving device, the lock tongue pushing block are slidably arranged in the guide rail, and the driving device is configured as that the lock tongue pushing block is driven to move in guide rail;Limiting section is formed in the switch latch mechanism, the limiting section is configured as when lock tongue pushing block is moved to and shuts position or lockset position of coupler, and the limiting section forms backstop to lock tongue pushing block.

Description

Switch latch mechanism and lock assembly and vehicle
Technical field
The invention belongs to lock technology fields, and in particular, to a kind of switch latch mechanism and lock assembly and vehicle.
Background technology
In recent years, with the development in shared bicycle market, the relevant technologies of lock structure are also further developed and change Into.On existing public bicycles or shared bicycle, generally use u-shaped lock carries out rotation locking to wheel.User makes Then u-shaped lock is operated with when bicycle, completes the action unlocked or shut.
But there are some defects in this lockset in practical applications.First, user is needed when using vehicle to lock It is operated, such as pulling handle is unlocked or shut, and the requirement of operational motion is added to user.Especially needing to use In the case that family shuts end charging manually, if user forgets to shut manually, charging can be terminated to user and made troubles.Its Secondary, the switch lock handle on lock is exposed, and handle sliding slot is often combined on lockset shell.Foreign matter is easily fallen into sliding slot, by The influence of rainwater, soil, and then the smooth degree of lockset switch lock action is influenced, or even make lockset can not normal switch lock.
On the other hand, with network technology, the fast development of informationization technology, for public bicycles and other needs Using the facility of lockset, there is automatic execution switch lock holding function or automatic detection switch lock holding function to have become skill Art development trend.In this case, the identification accuracy that lockset acts switch lock how is improved, how to allow user can be more It is convenient to use facility, becomes improvement project of the those skilled in the art to lockset.
Invention content
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of new solutions of switch latch mechanism.
According to the first aspect of the invention, a kind of switch latch mechanism is provided, including:
Lock tongue pushing block, elastic component and lock pin, the lock pin are slidably arranged on the lock tongue pushing block, the elastic component setting On the lock tongue pushing block, there are the lock pin latch ends, the elastic component to be configured as making the latch ends to lock pin application The active force stretched out to the direction far from lock tongue pushing block;
Guide rail and driving device, the lock tongue pushing block are slidably arranged in the guide rail, and the driving device is configured as The lock tongue pushing block is driven to be moved in guide rail;
Limiting section is formed in the switch latch mechanism, the limiting section is configured as being moved to locking position when lock tongue pushing block It sets or when lockset position of coupler, the limiting section forms backstop to lock tongue pushing block.
Optionally, the limiting section includes shutting limiting section, and the limiting section that shuts is configured as moving when lock tongue pushing block To lock tongue pushing block described in backstop when shutting position.
Optionally, the limiting section includes unlocking limiting section, and the unlocking limiting section is configured as moving when lock tongue pushing block To lock tongue pushing block described in backstop when lockset position of coupler.
Optionally, further include shell, there is retaining wall, two opposite retaining walls to constitute the guide rail in the shell;Alternatively, The side wall inner surfaces of the retaining wall and shell are oppositely arranged, and the side wall of retaining wall and shell constitutes the guide rail.
Optionally, the side wall of retaining wall and/or shell constitutes the limiting section.
Optionally, the limiting section includes shutting limiting section, and the limiting section that shuts is configured as moving when lock tongue pushing block To lock tongue pushing block described in backstop when shutting position, the limiting section that shuts is made of the side wall of the shell, described to shut limit Through-hole is formed in portion, the latch ends are extend out to from the through-hole outside the shell.
Optionally, the driving device includes motor and camshaft, and the output shaft in the motor is arranged in the camshaft On, formed fluted on a side surface of the lock tongue pushing block, the camshaft is inserted into the groove.
Optionally, arc-shaped slot is formed on the lock tongue pushing block, one end of the arc-shaped slot is formed with semicircle lack Mouthful, the other end of the arc-shaped slot is formed with circular hole, and the lock pin is arranged in the arc-shaped slot, and the latch ends are from institute It states and is stretched out at semicircular indentations, the other end of the separate latch ends of the lock pin is configured to be inserted in the circular hole;
Annular flange is formed on the lock pin, the elastic component is spring, and the spring is set on the lock pin, bullet One end of spring is connected in annular flange, and the other end of spring is connected to the side for constituting the circular hole of the lock tongue pushing block On wall.
According to the second aspect of the invention, a kind of lock assembly is provided, including:
Above-mentioned switch latch mechanism;
Matching mechanism, the matching mechanism are configured to relatively move with the switch latch mechanism, the matching mechanism On be formed with locking bolt hole;
When the lock tongue pushing block, which is moved to, shuts position, the latch ends are configured to be connected to the matching mechanism On;Alternatively, being inserted into the locking bolt hole to prevent the switch latch mechanism from being relatively moved with matching mechanism.
According to the third aspect of the invention we, the present invention provides a kind of vehicles, including:Vehicle frame, above-mentioned lock assembly and Wheel;
The wheel is rotatably arranged on the vehicle frame, and the lock rotated together with wheel is provided on the wheel Disk, the lock collar is as the matching mechanism;
The switch latch mechanism is fixed on the vehicle frame, lock collar described in the latch ends face of the lock pin.
Optionally, there is the lock collar round bottom plate, the round bottom plate to be configured as the concentric rotation axis with the wheel, institute The edge that cylinder side wall is formed in the round bottom plate is stated, locking bolt hole is formed on the cylinder side wall, the locking bolt hole Rotary shaft of the axis perpendicular to the wheel;
The latch ends are configured to be connected on the cylinder side wall, or are inserted into the locking bolt hole.
According to one embodiment of the disclosure, switch latch mechanism can be improved and execute the reliability for shutting action automatically.
By referring to the drawings to the detailed description of exemplary embodiment of the present invention, other feature of the invention and its Advantage will become apparent.
Description of the drawings
It is combined in the description and the attached drawing of a part for constitution instruction shows the embodiment of the present invention, and even With its explanation together principle for explaining the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the structural blast schematic diagram of lock assembly provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is the respective outer side edges schematic diagram of lock assembly provided by the invention;
Fig. 3 is the elevational schematic view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the respective outer side edges schematic diagram of lock assembly provided by the invention;
Fig. 5 is the respective outer side edges schematic diagram of lock assembly provided by the invention;
Fig. 6 is the surface texture schematic diagram of the lock tongue pushing block in switch latch mechanism provided by the invention.
Specific implementation mode
Carry out the various exemplary embodiments of detailed description of the present invention now with reference to attached drawing.It should be noted that:Unless in addition having Body illustrates that the unlimited system of component and the positioned opposite of step, numerical expression and the numerical value otherwise illustrated in these embodiments is originally The range of invention.
It is illustrative to the description only actually of at least one exemplary embodiment below, is never used as to the present invention And its application or any restrictions that use.
Technology, method and apparatus known to person of ordinary skill in the relevant may be not discussed in detail, but suitable In the case of, the technology, method and apparatus should be considered as part of specification.
In shown here and discussion all examples, any occurrence should be construed as merely illustrative, without It is as limitation.Therefore, other examples of exemplary embodiment can have different values.
It should be noted that:Similar label and letter indicate similar terms in following attached drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined, then it need not be further discussed in subsequent attached drawing in a attached drawing.
The present invention provides a kind of improved switch latch mechanism, which includes lock tongue pushing block, elastic component, lock pin And guide rail and driving device.The lock pin is used to lock, locking and the switch matched component of latch mechanism, lock pin are moveable It is arranged on the lock tongue pushing block.Lock pin has latch ends, and lock pin can slide on lock tongue sliding block, so that latch ends are from lock tongue The edge of sliding block is protruding, or a distance of inwardly retracting.The elastic component is arranged on the lock tongue pushing block, elastic component For applying active force to lock pin, keep the latch ends of lock pin protruding from lock tongue pushing block, that is, to make latch ends to separate The direction of lock tongue pushing block is stretched out, is mobile.
Further, the lock tongue pushing block itself is arranged in the form of moveable in the guide rail.Guide rail is located at switch Can be enclosed by shell in latch mechanism, can also be to be constituted in the fin of body structure surface, groove by being arranged, The present invention limits not to this.The guide rail is used to guide the glide direction of lock tongue sliding block.And the driving device is then arranged For the driving force for providing sliding for lock tongue pushing block, the lock tongue pushing block is driven to be moved in track.
By said structure design, under the drive of driving device, the integral structure that lock tongue pushing block is constituted with lock pin can It is moved integrally relative to switch latch mechanism.When lock tongue pushing block and lock pin are pushed to lockset position of coupler by driving device, lock pin energy The locked mechanism of enough release, realizes and unlocks.When lock tongue pushing block and lock pin are pushed to by driving device shuts position, lock pin It is inserted into locked mechanism, realization is shut.Particularly, when lock tongue pushing block is moved to and shuts position, if necessary Locked mechanism and the relative position of switch latch mechanism are not located in the position for capableing of opposite locking, can cause the bolt of lock pin End is connected on the other surfaces for needing locked mechanism.At this point, due to being provided with elastic component on lock tongue pushing block, so such as Fruit needs the surface of locked mechanism to form latch ends to squeeze, and lock pin can retract certain distance into lock tongue pushing block.It waits for When needing locked mechanism with latch mechanism relative movement is switched to the position for capableing of opposite locking, the latch ends of lock pin are in elasticity It can be automatically inserted into the locking bolt hole for needing locked mechanism, completely shut, locking action under the action of part.
Further, it is also formed with limiting section in the switch latch mechanism, the limiting section is for lock tongue pushing block in guide rail In shift motion limited, shut position or lockset position of coupler to make lock tongue pushing block be moved in the promotion of driving device When, the limiting section can prevent lock tongue pushing block from continuing to move to.On the one hand this design method can make lock tongue pushing block accurate It is parked in unlocking or shuts position, the open and close lock action for improving switch latch mechanism executes accuracy;On the other hand, it is pushed away by lock tongue Block stops mobile reversed prevention driving device and moves, and then whether the change in electric generated can be used for judging lock tongue pushing block Reach precalculated position, improves switch latch mechanism automatic identification switch lock accuracy of action.The present invention is not intended to limit lock tongue Pushing block is moved to when shutting position and lockset position of coupler, it is necessary to by limiting section backstop, prevent it is further mobile.Switching latch mechanism can To be configured to only be stopped to shutting one of position or lockset position of coupler by limiting section, limit, another position then leads to The stroke or other structures of over-driving device are limited.
Fig. 1 shows the structure for the switch latch mechanism that a kind of specific implementation mode of the present invention provides.The switch latch mechanism Further include shell 4, the shell 4 is for carrying above-mentioned each component.The driving device may include motor 51 and camshaft 52, The camshaft 52 is arranged on the rotating output shaft of the motor 51, being capable of being rotated by motor 51.Such as Fig. 6 institutes Show, forms fluted 12 on a side surface of the lock tongue pushing block 1, camshaft 52 is then inserted into the groove 12.It is described recessed Slot 12 is used to coordinate with camshaft 52, under the further mating reaction of the guide rail 41, can move the rotation of camshaft 52 Make conversion linearly movement, driving lock tongue pushing block 1 moves in guide rail 41.The width of the groove 12 is more than or equal to camshaft 52 Diameter, and two times of the preferably smaller than diameter of camshaft 52, so that camshaft 52 can smoothly push in groove 12 Lock tongue pushing block 1 moves.
In a preferred embodiment, convex when motor 51 drives lock tongue pushing block from when shutting position and being moved to lockset position of coupler Wheel shaft 52 is rotated to a direction;And when driving lock tongue pushing block, from lockset position of coupler to when shutting position and moving, camshaft 52 is to phase Anti- direction rotates, until lock tongue pushing block is moved to and shuts position and can not continue to move to.The groove 12 is along Fig. 6 upper and lower directionss Length be less than the diameter of the cam where camshaft 52, camshaft 52, will not be along a direction during entire driving It is rotated up to 180 degree.This design method is convenient for the phenomenon that being limited backstop by lock tongue pushing block 1 triggering camshaft 52 and motor 51 are turned by resistance, and triggering is unlocked, shuts signal in place.But the present invention limits not to this.In other embodiments, It can be turned over along a direction for camshaft by the Design of length of groove at the diameter more than or equal to the cam where camshaft 180 provide enough spaces.
For the structure of lock tongue pushing block, the present invention provides a kind of optional embodiments.It is formed with circle on lock tongue pushing block Arc groove, for the arc-shaped slot for placing lock pin, arc-shaped slot is not closed cylindrical hole, and is unlimited Open architecture, So that lock pin can be conveniently placed on wherein.Semicircular indentations are formed on one end of arc-shaped slot, lock tongue pushing block, it is another End is then formed with circular hole 11, as shown in Figure 1.The latch ends 31 of lock pin 3 extend out to from the semicircular indentations lock tongue pushing block 1 it Outside, the other end of the separate latch ends 31 of lock pin 3 is then inserted into the circular hole 11.Pass through the limitation of circular hole 11, lock pin 3 Good mobile guiding function can only be formd along the axial movement of arc-shaped slot and circular hole 11.It further, will be arc-shaped The open of slot is buckled on one side in the shell or the guide rail 41, can form further limit in the radial direction thereof to lock pin Position avoids lock pin that the movement in addition in an axial direction occurs relative to lock tongue pushing block.
Further optionally, as shown in Figure 1, being formed with annular flange 32 on the lock pin 3, the elastic component 2 is bullet Spring.Spring can be set on the lock pin 3.One end of spring is connected in the annular flange 32, and the other end is then connected to Lock tongue pushing block 1 is used to form on the side wall of the circular hole 11.In this way, the spring can apply elastic acting force to lock pin 3, By lock pin 3 to the extrapolated of lock tongue pushing block 1.Opposite, after lock pin 3 is pushed out, annular flange 32 can be connected to above-mentioned On semicircular indentations, or can be connected to that being stretched out for latch ends 31 for the shell 4 is upper, to the position of lock pin 3 into Row limit avoids lock pin 3 whole by 2 completely out lock tongue pushing block 1 of elastic component.
Concrete structure pair with limiting section of the present invention, attached drawing 2,4,5 provide a kind of optional embodiment.
The limiting section may include shutting limiting section, and the limiting section that shuts is configured as being moved to when lock tongue pushing block 1 Lock tongue pushing block 1 described in backstop when shutting position.Fig. 2 shows lock tongue pushing block 1 be moved to shut position when switch latch mechanism in Portion's design feature.In the embodiment shown in figure 2, limiting section is shut described in the inner surface composition of the side wall of shell 4, works as lock tongue When pushing block 1 is moved to the position withstood and shut limiting section along guide rail 41, lock tongue pushing block 1 can not continue to move to, 52 He of camshaft Motor 51 can not also continue to rotate to driving lock tongue pushing block 1 to the direction that position is moved is shut.Lock tongue pushing block 1 is shut limiting section Backstop prevents mobile position, as shuts position.
Similarly, the limiting section can also include unlocking limiting section, and the unlocking limiting section is configured as pushing away when lock tongue Lock tongue pushing block 1 described in backstop when block 1 is moved to lockset position of coupler.Fig. 4 shows switch lock when lock tongue pushing block 1 is moved to lockset position of coupler The internal structure feature of mechanism.In the embodiment shown in figure 2, it is formed with retaining wall in shell 4, is opened described in the retaining wall composition Lock limiting section.When lock tongue pushing block 1 is moved to the position for withstanding unlocking limiting section along guide rail 41, lock tongue pushing block 1 can not continue Mobile, camshaft 52 and motor 51 can not also continue to move to the direction that driving lock tongue pushing block 1 is moved to lockset position of coupler.Lock tongue pushes away Block 1 is unlocked limiting section backstop, prevents mobile position, as lockset position of coupler.
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2,4, the shell 4 for switching latch mechanism forms unlocking limiting section and shuts limit Portion.But the present invention is not intended to limit in switch latch mechanism and necessarily is formed with above-mentioned two limiting section.In other optional embodiment party In formula, one of limiting section can be carried out into, does not form another limiting section.The limit work(that another limiting section is played Can, carry out limitation control by electric signals such as the rotation angles of motor 51.Alternatively, can also be used for by being stretched out on motor 51 Stop the structure that camshaft 52 rotates, realize and the resistance of rotation is turned, and then has the function that limiting lock tongue pushing block 1 moves.
Optionally, switch latch mechanism includes shell 4, and is formed with retaining wall inside shell 4.Wherein, two are oppositely arranged Retaining wall constitute the guide rail 41, the space formed between two retaining walls, for accommodating lock tongue pushing block and lock tongue can be guided Pushing block is moved along the space between guide rail 41.Alternatively, as shown in Fig. 2,4,5, a retaining wall and shell that 4 inside of shell is formed 4 side wall inner surfaces of itself are oppositely arranged, and are combined with the side wall of shell 4 by retaining wall and are constituted the guide rail 41.The present invention is simultaneously unlimited The specific generation type of guide rail processed, as long as the mobile effect of guiding can be played to lock tongue pushing block.Similarly, the present invention The generation type of limiting section is not limited, the limiting section can be constituted by retaining wall, the side wall of shell and other structures.
Optionally, it is provided with circuit board 6 in the switch latch mechanism, the circuit board 6 can be fixed on the shell 4 In.As shown in Figure 1, 2, the control circuit of switch latch mechanism can be integrated in the circuit board 6, the drive that driving motor 51 rotates Dynamic circuit etc..When the resistance transmission of motor 51 makes the electric current of driving circuit increase, control circuit can receive the response and be formed and be opened Shut the feedback of action execution in place.
Further, the present invention also provides a kind of lock assembly, the lock assembly include above-mentioned switch latch mechanism and Matching mechanism.It can be relatively moved between the matching mechanism and switch latch mechanism, locking bolt hole is then provided on matching mechanism.This It invents and is relatively moved between signified switch latch mechanism and matching mechanism, can be located remotely from each other between the two or close movement Form;It can also be the two relative rotation;Alternatively, one of them is relatively fixed from another is transferred.The present invention is not to coordinating machine Relative movement form between structure and switch latch mechanism is limited.
When the lock tongue pushing block 1, which is moved to, shuts position, the latch ends 31 of lock pin 3 can be to the locking bolt hole of matching mechanism It is inserted into 70.Particularly, when matching mechanism and switch latch mechanism relative movement, locking bolt hole 70 thereon is caused to be not aligned with lock pin When 3 latch ends 31, the latch ends 31 can be connected under the action of above-mentioned elastic component 2 on the surface of matching mechanism.One When denier matching mechanism is moved to the position for making 70 alignment pins end 31 of locking bolt hole, the latch ends 31 can be automatically inserted into locking bolt hole 70, completely shut action.After latch ends 31 are inserted into locking bolt hole 70, the relative movement between matching mechanism and switch latch mechanism is limited Lockmaking is dead, and the two can not relatively move.The lock assembly can be applied on the facilities such as gate inhibition, bicycle, electric vehicle, the present invention It is limited not to this.
Further, the present invention also provides a kind of vehicle, which includes above-mentioned lock assembly, vehicle frame and wheel. Wheel is rotatably arranged on vehicle frame, is moved for loading carriage.Normally, the wheel is connected to vehicle frame by shaft On, it is rotated by axis of shaft.Particularly, lock collar is additionally provided on the wheel, the lock collar is as matching in lock assembly Mechanism is closed, locking bolt hole is provided with.The lock collar is co-axially located at wheel on vehicle frame, when vehicle movement, vehicle wheel rotation, The lock collar can together be rotated with wheel.The switch latch mechanism is then fixed on the vehicle frame, when wheel and lock When disk turns to specific angle position, the locking bolt hole in the lock collar can be corresponding with the switch lock pin position of latch mechanism, So that lock pin is inserted into locking bolt hole, to hinder lock collar and wheel relative to the rotational motion of wheel.
Particularly, when needing car locking, electronic equipment control switch latch mechanism can be first passed through, lock tongue pushing block therein is made 1 is moved to and shuts position, and then lock pin 3 is made to be stretched out to lock collar.If the angle position residing for wheel and lock collar does not make locking bolt Hole 70 is corresponding with 3 position of lock pin, then the latch ends 31 of lock pin 3 can be withstood in the lock collar, and the elastic component 2 is compressed.When Wheel and lock collar turn to make locking bolt hole 70 and 3 position of lock pin to it is corresponding when the lock pin 3 under the elastic reaction of elastic component 2, insert Pin end 31 can be sprung into locking bolt hole 70, to be automatically performed the locking action to lock collar and wheel.For the user of vehicle For, if you need to car locking, it only need to control lock tongue pushing block and be moved to and shut position.User is without operating or whether confirming latch ends It has been inserted into locking bolt hole 70.Moved in vehicle, vehicle wheel rotation when, lock collar, which is bound to rotate to, keeps locking bolt hole corresponding with lock pin 3 Substantial car locking is completed so that latch ends are inserted into locking bolt hole in position.
This structure design is that user is provided convenience with vehicle, for sharing the operation mode of bicycle:User can be straight It the unlocking that is connected on mobile phone to vehicle and shuts action and operates.When sending out unlocking signal by cell phone software, driving dress It sets driving lock tongue pushing block and is moved to lockset position of coupler realization unlocking;When sent out by cell phone software shut signal when, driving device drive Dynamic lock tongue pushing block, which is moved to shut position and realize, shuts action, and the latch ends of lock pin can be inserted directly into locking bolt hole, or in elasticity Under the action of part, wait for that locking bolt hole goes to corresponding position and is inserted into locking bolt hole.User no longer needs to pull lock handle manually, without Confirm whether vehicle is locked again.
Another advantage of the present invention is, due to lock tongue pushing block be moved to shut position or lockset position of coupler when, can be by The obstruction of limiting section and can not continue to move to, and then hinder driving device continue to move.In driving device can cause after being obstructed The driving current in portion increases, and switch latch mechanism can be monitored the size of the driving current by itself control circuit, into And judges whether lock tongue pushing block is moved to and shut position or shut position.In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2-5, lock tongue pushing block 1 when being moved to lockset position of coupler and shutting position by limiting section backstop, so unlocking action and shutting whether action executes completion It can be using driving current as monitoring signals.In this way, reducing switch it is not necessary that additional sensor is arranged in switch latch mechanism Parts in latch mechanism.Sensor belongs to flimsy electronic device, reduces the use of sensor and can improve switch lock machine The motion detection reliability of structure reduces failure rate.
Optionally, as shown in Figure 1, the lock collar can have round bottom plate 71 and cylinder side wall 72.The round bottom plate 71 with The concentric rotation axis of the wheel, the cylinder side wall 72 are formed in the marginal position of the round bottom plate 71.The locking bolt hole 70 It is formed on the cylinder side wall 72, the axis in locking bolt hole 70 and the rotary shaft of wheel are mutually perpendicular to.Preferably, as shown in Figure 1, The axis in the locking bolt hole 70 intersects with the rotary shaft of wheel and round bottom plate 71.It, can be with along the surface of the cylinder side wall 72 Multiple locking bolt holes 70 are distributed with, so that latch ends 31 can more easily be inserted into locking bolt hole 70.For example, in the cylinder side wall 72 On rotary shaft relative to round bottom plate 71, often rotate 45 degree and one locking bolt hole 70 be set.When locking bolt hole 70 does not rotate to and inserts When selling 31 corresponding position of end, if lock tongue pushing block 1, which is moved to, shuts position, latch ends 31 can withstand on the cylinder side wall On 72 outer surface.
The preferred switch lock action of lock assembly provided by the invention is as follows:
As shown in Figure 2,3, lock tongue pushing block 1, which is in, shuts position, and the latch ends 31 of lock pin 3 are inserted into the locking bolt hole in lock collar In 70, lock collar can not rotation.
After switch lock authorities to unlocking instruction, the rotation of 51 drive cam shaft 52 of the motor drives lock tongue pushing block 1 It slides to the left.When lock tongue pushing block 1 slides into position as shown in Figure 4, lock tongue pushing block 1 is in lockset position of coupler, is unlocked limit Position portion backstop causes the resistance of motor 51 to turn.Driving current in control circuit increases, and control circuit obtains the letter of unlocking action completion Number feedback.
In switch lock authorities to after shutting instruction, 51 drive cam shaft 52 of the motor rotates backward, and drives lock tongue Pushing block 1 slides to the right.When lock tongue pushing block 1 slides into position as shown in Figure 5, lock tongue pushing block 1, which is in, shuts position, is closed Limiting section backstop is locked, the resistance of motor 51 is caused to turn.Driving current in control circuit increases, and control circuit obtains shutting action completion Signal feedback.Not no locking bolt corresponding with 3 position of lock pin hole 70 in lock collar at this time, latch ends 31 withstand on the cylinder side wall of lock collar On 72.The tail end of lock pin 3 is pierced by lock tongue pushing block 1 from the circular hole 11 of lock tongue pushing block 1.
When wheel and lock collar rotate so that when the position in a locking bolt hole 70 corresponds to lock pin 3, the latch ends 31 are in bullet Property part 2 under the action of be inserted into locking bolt hole 70, complete the locking substantially to lock collar rotation, as shown in Figure 2.The tail end of lock pin 3 from In circular hole 11 in retraction lock tongue pushing block 1.
Although some specific embodiments of the present invention are described in detail by example, the skill of this field Art personnel it should be understood that example above merely to illustrating, the range being not intended to be limiting of the invention.The skill of this field Art personnel are it should be understood that can without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention modify to above example.This hair Bright range is defined by the following claims.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of switch latch mechanism, which is characterized in that including:
Lock tongue pushing block, elastic component and lock pin, the lock pin are slidably arranged on the lock tongue pushing block, and the elastic component is arranged in institute It states on lock tongue pushing block, there are the lock pin latch ends, the elastic component to be configured as making the latch ends to remote lock pin application The active force that direction from lock tongue pushing block is stretched out;
Guide rail and driving device, the lock tongue pushing block are slidably arranged in the guide rail, and the driving device is configured as driving The lock tongue pushing block moves in guide rail;
Be formed with limiting section in the switch latch mechanism, the limiting section be configured as when lock tongue pushing block be moved to shut position or When lockset position of coupler, the limiting section forms backstop to lock tongue pushing block.
2. switch latch mechanism according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the limiting section includes shutting limiting section, described It shuts limiting section and is configured as the lock tongue pushing block described in backstop when lock tongue pushing block is moved to and shuts position.
3. switch latch mechanism according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the limiting section includes unlocking limiting section, described Unlocking limiting section is configured as the lock tongue pushing block described in backstop when lock tongue pushing block is moved to lockset position of coupler.
4. switch latch mechanism according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include shell, there is retaining wall in the shell, Two opposite retaining walls constitute the guide rail;Alternatively, the side wall inner surfaces of the retaining wall and shell are oppositely arranged, retaining wall and shell Side wall constitute the guide rail.
5. switch latch mechanism according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described in the side wall of retaining wall and/or shell is constituted Limiting section.
6. switch latch mechanism according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the limiting section includes shutting limiting section, described Shut limiting section and be configured as the lock tongue pushing block described in backstop when lock tongue pushing block is moved to and shuts position, it is described shut limiting section by The side wall of the shell is constituted, and described shut is formed with through-hole on limiting section, and the latch ends extend out to described from the through-hole Outside shell.
7. switch latch mechanism according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving device includes motor and camshaft, The camshaft is arranged on the output shaft of the motor, formed on a side surface of the lock tongue pushing block it is fluted, it is described convex Wheel shaft is inserted into the groove.
8. switch latch mechanism according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it is formed with arc-shaped slot on the lock tongue pushing block, One end of the arc-shaped slot is formed with semicircular indentations, and the other end of the arc-shaped slot is formed with circular hole, and the lock pin is set Set in the arc-shaped slot, the latch ends are stretched out from the semicircular indentations, the separate latch ends of the lock pin it is another One end is configured to be inserted in the circular hole;
Annular flange is formed on the lock pin, the elastic component is spring, and the spring is set on the lock pin, spring One end is connected in annular flange, and the other end of spring is connected to the side wall for constituting the circular hole of the lock tongue pushing block On.
9. a kind of lock assembly, which is characterized in that including:
Switch latch mechanism described in claim 1-8 is one of arbitrary;
Matching mechanism, the matching mechanism are configured to relatively move with the switch latch mechanism, shape on the matching mechanism At there is locking bolt hole;
When the lock tongue pushing block, which is moved to, shuts position, the latch ends are configured to be connected on the matching mechanism; Alternatively, being inserted into the locking bolt hole to prevent the switch latch mechanism from being relatively moved with matching mechanism.
10. a kind of vehicle, which is characterized in that including:Lock assembly described in vehicle frame, claim 9 and wheel;
The wheel is rotatably arranged on the vehicle frame, and the lock collar rotated together with wheel, institute are provided on the wheel Lock collar is stated as the matching mechanism;
The switch latch mechanism is fixed on the vehicle frame, lock collar described in the latch ends face of the lock pin.
11. vehicle according to claim 10, which is characterized in that the lock collar have round bottom plate, the round bottom plate by with It is set to the concentric rotation axis with the wheel, the cylinder side wall is formed in the edge of the round bottom plate, and the locking bolt hole is formed On the cylinder side wall, the rotary shaft of the axis in the locking bolt hole perpendicular to the wheel;
The latch ends are configured to be connected on the cylinder side wall, or are inserted into the locking bolt hole.
CN201810220670.2A 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 Switch lock mechanism and tool to lock subassembly and vehicle Active CN108278052B (en)

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