CN108278036A - A kind of correction scheme tilting ancient masonry pagoda - Google Patents

A kind of correction scheme tilting ancient masonry pagoda Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108278036A
CN108278036A CN201711325116.2A CN201711325116A CN108278036A CN 108278036 A CN108278036 A CN 108278036A CN 201711325116 A CN201711325116 A CN 201711325116A CN 108278036 A CN108278036 A CN 108278036A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tower
seat
hoop
flitch
correction
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CN201711325116.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
单发成
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Chongqing Fat Technology Development Co Ltd
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Chongqing Fat Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711325116.2A priority Critical patent/CN108278036A/en
Publication of CN108278036A publication Critical patent/CN108278036A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D35/00Straightening, lifting, or lowering of foundation structures or of constructions erected on foundations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • E04H12/34Arrangements for erecting or lowering towers, masts, poles, chimney stacks, or the like

Abstract

A kind of inclination ancient masonry pagoda correction scheme this correction scheme is the upgrading carried out on the basis of original ancient pagoda correction method.It is to increase several concrete hoop on the basis of method for correcting error seat under whole tower is bound round very reliable, centre increases steel cable pulling force, also the thickness of perpendicular chock side is increased, and without the trouble and risk of axis and shoulder pole side, but it can be decreased slightly as the present level of low ancient tower, while being greatly reduced the risk of correction.It is more economical simpler, faster, safer than the former.It is concrete tower support and to increase tower seat to divide the multiple batches of tower seat that changes after leaning tower is corrected again, by it is inclination side it is noted that doing jail.Inclination ancient masonry pagoda both domestic and external all can equally be corrected with the method.

Description

A kind of correction scheme tilting ancient masonry pagoda
One field:Numerous ancient masonry pagodas that ancient times carry over, ten towers nine tiltedly, still will tiltedly collapse afterwards to a certain extent, These ancient towers were not intentional deflecting originally, and be primarily due to later settlement of foundation it is uneven and caused by tilt, such as meaning is big Profit the leaning tower of Piza, it originally not instead of design leaning tower, four layers of the mat woven of fine bamboo strips is built in architectural process, due to ground sedimentation not When foring inclination, then up building, is back tilted due to back correcting and causing, farther out due to the age, the more incline the more oblique, after Come it is believed that being the leaning tower deliberately built up, in fact not instead of, mechanics is less understood in the design in ancient times, and the leaning tower of Piza is being set On meter or relatively more rational, because condition at that time is inadequate, at that time there are no the material of armored concrete, ground cannot increase Too much, and build by the sea, underground there is no firm rock stratum but at one meter or less be exactly water loess, have unavoidably larger Sedimentation;And the leaning tower of ancient Chinese is just more, also more ancient, the more inclined leaning tower than the leaning tower of Piza, than the leaning tower of Piza It builds compared to just simpler and cruder, row such as double pillboxes in the villages Barkam County Zhou Po of Szechwan Ganzi, the Hu Qiuta of Law Firm Suzhou Jiangsu, Shanghai day Mashan Shield jewelry light tower, Jiangning, Nanjing area determine woods temple tower etc. be all because settlement of foundation unevenness due to it is inclined.
Two:Background technology:Xi'an Wanshousi tower because it tower seat build on soil, not uniformly use generous foot, six There was only one block of stone under each angle at a angle, and two stone feet under northwestern two angles respectively only have 1 about 35 lis of diameter The cylindrical stone column of rice is significantly smaller than the ashlar footing of other about 70 centimeter squares of four angles, and because of the tower in western light On playground, underground is not absorbed water after concrete has just been stamped on playground, about 20 centimetres of column foot is around higher by, so in 2011 years The water of the heavy rain day after day of late May, the mattess on playground pours in the soil impregnated under tower seat base under column foot, makes At the greatest limit for being tilted up to 2.64 meters is exacerbated with regard to inclined Wanshousi tower originally, Xi'an cultural relics bureau is three 1 brave The big steel bracket of meter Jian Fang props up tower body, and Xi'an cultural relics bureau intends to take two schemes:One, it is to remove to rebuild;Second is that whole Correction.Then I proposes " the correction scheme of Wanshousi tower " and applied for that the patent of " ancient pagoda correction method " has been authorized, it is Oneself has a technology, but it now appear that perfect not enough, and double pillboxes and above-mentioned Hu Qiuta for Sichuan Maerkang determine Lin Sita, shield pearl The needs of the correction of all ancient towers such as precious light tower and the leaning tower of Piza, propose new method below, in the base of ancient pagoda correction method It is improved on plinth.
Three:Invention content:1. long with thick about 10 centimeters or so square between the nearly layer sets of brackets on top of the columns at tower height about 2/3rds Flitch between upper and lower sets of brackets on top of the columns is perpendicular to make a circle, and stays about 20 centimetres or so gaps 1 in attached drawing, between every flitch, 2 in attached drawing; On flitch external application band steel or band iron hoop 7 in two to four road hoop attached drawings, screw locking is used in combination;2. with three rope coils above-mentioned Among wood at position, is about fixed in the underground of Return-ing direction in 50 degree or so oblique pulls with tower body and want jail, it is more remoter more flat stronger;Center The center of one (i.e. return side) opposite with tower inclined direction is linear, and both sides are slightly in respectively that splayed symmetrically separates with one, and three Root wirerope lower end respectively respectively with a larger cucurbit link be secured firmly to press on the buried weight in appropriate underground it is upper thick native or Weight, and tense;3. first layer sets of brackets on top of the columns is hereinafter, more than tower seat this section of straight tower body uses (pine, the China fir) of about thick 10 lis or so meter Jian Fang 1 in flitch attached drawing, column foot is about with the perpendicular pad of the comparable flitch of first layer sets of brackets on top of the columns in three, four or more road band iron hoops or band steel hoop Between, 20 centimetres or so gaps are about stayed between Fang Yufang, use screw locking.This also and " ancient pagoda correction method " generally basic phase It is imitative, but unlike:Without plank, and with flitch, define that flitch width increases thickness;Tracting cable fly center, which adds, has used one Root steel wire rope does not have to axis and flat smooth side, and one, two layer does not have to hoop and flitch without rake and bar of propping up, the second layer;4. in leaning tower Most next section starts to be added in except band iron hoop with a lot of armored concrete hoop of about 50 centimetres of height, 50 cm thicks or so and encases And insert institute's spacing in band iron hoop and flitch and tamp and be close to tower body, up continue with armored concrete hoop, about every 50 centimetres of left sides Right one of concrete hoop, with plastics partition up and down between per pass concrete hoop, that is to say, that:Per pass concrete hoop is high, thick about 50 centimetres or so, greatest small needs are advised according to tower, scale it is big certainly also can bigger, it is upper together against it is lower together, but bind round up and down Reinforcing bar cannot be connected it is shared, and flitch share, that is, per pass concrete hoop be all it is independent, only flitch be connected, need to tear open The concrete hoop removed is not also separated with north plastics between flitch and tower body, in favor of later dismantling concrete hoop.Will incline Oblique brick, pinnacle body hypomere hoop are integral, are allowed to not be scattered, and the steel reinforcement cage in this armored concrete hoop is pricked with larger screw-thread steel Steel reinforcement cage can use four, five or more armored concrete hoop per section concrete about 50 centimetres or so height of hoop, can also be every Road hoop is increased and reduces number, in short, almost to have been bound round below first layer sets of brackets on top of the columns, with less book between per pass concrete hoop Plastic foil is every living, in favor of can use the concrete hoop of its epimere after completion, need the mixed mud hoop and the tower that retain hypomere do not have to every Plastics not, but also will allow concrete mortar to invade and be filled in brick, crack of stone;5. if having the tower seat than tower body bigger, such as Piza The tower seat of leaning tower is with regard to larger, and this larger thicker tower seat of below ground, the thicker band steel of use, band iron hoop are by tower seat hoop at whole Body is used in combination screw locking, and removes the soil in seam, continues tight screw, and penetration concrete is starched, tensioning screw;One on banding It being taken again after wheel tower seat to bind round next round again after next round soil, this is that anti-tower seat scatters to surrounding, after clearing out tower seat completely, then Entire tower seat all bound round above and below with larger armored concrete hoop integral, the reinforcing bar of this hoop will connect altogether up and down;6. on completing It states four, after five programs and the maintenance of concrete hoop expire, then begins to take out from returns side under tower seat native, pumping soil puncher exists Along the punching of Return-ing direction inclination side gap under Return-ing direction tower seat, and symmetrically it is carried out at the same time to both sides from centre and directly beats, puts down and beat, Hole depth can't be pumped through up to pagoda diameter 4/2nds to five/3rds or so under entire tower body, under inclination side's at least tower body Stay 1/3--1/5 or so;So-called gap is exactly to make a hole at a certain distance, for example every a hole is remote or two hole distances Far, first symmetrically to expand and beat from center to both sides, punching can't all beat it is equally deep because to be pumped close to the soil of inclination side It is less, closer to return Fang Yue to be pumped it is some more, so to gradually increase pumping soil, deal on the merits of each case, wait take out soil after the completion of, draw simultaneously Tight three cucurbits, it is noted that adjusting two, both sides, respectively drawing is more or few when drawing cucurbit, until repeated after being compacted by the soil of pumping side Punching take out scholar, until tower body anyway or need until;7. tower body divides multiple batches of change under tower seat again after a period of stabilisation anyway Soil is armored concrete seat and increases tower seat base, by it being the tower seat of original inclination side will increase, to increase forced area Reduce pressure, 50 centimetres of armored concrete thickness offer or more is advisable;It, just should be first if primary dip squarer seat is risen by dike and opened seam The soil for changing this side is concrete, then divides more batches to change entirely and increase tower seat;8. waiting until that concrete curing is removed after expiring under tower seat The extra concrete hoop of tower body.Preferably retain bottom together to consolidate tower body, the flitch of member-retaining portion should amputate.Remove coagulation Can only large-scale digging machine impact drill cannot be used by hand or portable impact drill when hoop, because large-scale impact drill shaking force is too big;Ground Concrete hoop below is not removed.Comprehensively after completion, pull-cord and the hoop and flitch of top are removed.
Four:Technical essential:Three steel wire ropes centres one are most firm, and underground also will be fixed very steady, two, both sides steel Cord is for assigning direction, so as it may chance using;Taking out soil also will take the circumstances into consideration to support to hold;To divide when changing tower seat base multiple batches of It changes, cannot once change too large area, and change every time and want symmetrical and change, and reinforcing bar will weld jail.First change primary dip side again Change return side.How much specific change every time can deal on the merits of each case.Above scheme generally in this way, but be embodied when to deal on the merits of each case, I.e. appropriate Adjusted Option.
Five:Description of the drawings:Attached drawing is that six sides of eight level tilt ancient tower, and 1 is 10 centimetres * 10 centimetres of wood in figure Side;2 be the gap that 20 centimetres or so are stayed between flitch and flitch;3 be concrete hoop;4 be the interval mould of concrete hoop;5 be three The centre of one of root steel wire rope one;6 be cucurbit hook;7 be band steel or flat order hoop;8 be the place that start to take out soil.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of correction scheme tilting ancient masonry pagoda, it is characterised in that:It, will on the basis of own You Ji Intraoperative ancient pagoda correction methods With 10 centimeter squares between the sets of brackets on top of the columns at high nearly 2/3 or so the place of the leaning tower, the flitch being about between upper and lower sets of brackets on top of the columns is perpendicular to be trapped among this Layer between Fang Yufang and stays about 20 centimetres or so of gap;Flitch is waled with two to four road band steels, band iron hoop, screwed lock is used in combination Tightly.
2. about 2/3 or so place flitch middle part diameter steel wire rope appropriate at least 2 of tower height circle described in claim 1 is bundled in wood Fang Shang, then be about in 50 degree oblique pulls with three steel wire ropes and tower body leaning tower need to the side of return underground fix tightly farther out, centre one Linear with inclination side, each one of both sides are slightly separated in splayed configuration and symmetrically, and one, the ground of three wireropes will be used suitably greatly Cucurbit be connected to the weight and tension that underground is buried.
3. leaning tower first layer sets of brackets on top of the columns described in claim 1 with the flitch of 10 centimetres or so square is perpendicular hereinafter, more than tower seat be also trapped among About 20 centimetres or so of gap is stayed around tower body, between Fang Yufang, and with band steel, the hoop of band iron hoop three, four or more outside flitch It encloses, screw locking (essentially identical with claim 1) is used in combination;
4. about high, thick all 50 centimetres or so of armored concrete is used in the band iron hoop of first layer described in claim 3, flitch periphery again It binds round multiple tracks hoop outside, concrete grout is used in combination to tamp the spacing of flitch institute, if first of coagulation hoop is not removed, not every plastics, with Upper about every 50 centimetres or so one of such hoops, and all do not separated with plastics between tower body between per pass, and be close to up and down;
5. if there is tower seat below tower body, tower seat does not have to flitch, plastics not, directly uses band iron, band steel hoop banding tower seat, and remove tower Impurity in seat seam, penetration concrete slurry, then armored concrete hoop is added to wale tower seat, so that entire tower seat is integrally formed.
6. claim 1,2,3,4, the 5 concrete hoops, steel wire rope bracing wire etc. complete and conserve expire after, with puncher in tower Soil is taken out in flat from Return-ing direction inclined direction, straight under seat, interval punching, and 2/3--4/5 or so is deep under can at most punching to tower body, and Gradually be incremented by backward more, i.e., move back more pumpings in the backward, a cucurbit is strained at after taking out a wheel soil, and so on until drawing just until not Soil is taken out again.
7. claim 5,6 is completed and after a period of stabilisation, point multiple batches of soil changed under tower seat base is armored concrete tower Base;If primary dip is dehisced on direction, the soil of opening side is first changed, is finally divided and multiple batches of changed entirely and increase tower seat.
CN201711325116.2A 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 A kind of correction scheme tilting ancient masonry pagoda Pending CN108278036A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110029695A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-19 中国矿业大学 A kind of method for correcting error of combined high-voltage transmission pole differential settlement
CN112196345A (en) * 2020-09-22 2021-01-08 九州职业技术学院 Deviation rectifying and reinforcing method for coal washing tower

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110029695A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-19 中国矿业大学 A kind of method for correcting error of combined high-voltage transmission pole differential settlement
CN110029695B (en) * 2019-04-22 2020-10-30 中国矿业大学 Deviation rectifying method for uneven settlement of combined high-voltage transmission line pole
CN112196345A (en) * 2020-09-22 2021-01-08 九州职业技术学院 Deviation rectifying and reinforcing method for coal washing tower

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