CN108277710A - A kind of modern city public transit system - Google Patents

A kind of modern city public transit system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108277710A
CN108277710A CN201810016036.7A CN201810016036A CN108277710A CN 108277710 A CN108277710 A CN 108277710A CN 201810016036 A CN201810016036 A CN 201810016036A CN 108277710 A CN108277710 A CN 108277710A
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China
Prior art keywords
bus
road
parking
public
board
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CN201810016036.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹桂友
曹兰蕤
周志明
曹兰葳
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曹兰葳
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Priority to CN201810016036.7A priority Critical patent/CN108277710A/en
Publication of CN108277710A publication Critical patent/CN108277710A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/002Design or lay-out of roads, e.g. street systems, cross-sections ; Design for noise abatement, e.g. sunken road
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D47/00Motor vehicles or trailers predominantly for carrying passengers
    • B62D47/02Motor vehicles or trailers predominantly for carrying passengers for large numbers of passengers, e.g. omnibus

Abstract

A kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention, including grid type public transport roadnet, the not parking system in intersection, not parking on-board and off-board system, departure place bus platform and bus platform destination public transportation system, cable car capstan winch public transit system;Bus road is designed with grid type, ensures any two places in city, as long as public transport of transfer, saves the transfer time;Using red light control system, the road vehicle in control and bus vertical direction travels, and to ensure bus in addition to stopping to receive or discharge passengers, during other operations, will not encounter red light, keep unimpeded through operation;It is designed using not parking on-board and off-board, reduces the run time of parking, starting, improved delivery rate, greatly reduce passenger in the way time;Using shared bicycle, electric vehicle the input of time and other public transit systems are saved to complete stroke of the passenger from the home to bus stop destination;It is designed using cable car, windlass type, to build and run bus, small investment, high efficiency.

Description

A kind of modern city public transit system
Technical field
The present invention relates to public transport technical field, specially a kind of modern city public transit system.
Background technology
Present city bus has:Subway, electric car(Rail, trackless), automobile, new energy battery vehicle etc..But overall feelings Condition is that speed is slow, and efficiency is low.Routine bus system vehicle average speed is less than 18 kilometers/hour.The whole operation average speed of subway, Less than 40 kilometers/hour.For example, Beijing Metro No.1 line, 31.04 km of operation section overall length, total run time 57 minutes, entirely (31.04/57) * 60=32.67 kilometer/hour of journey average speed.By taking No. 37 bus of Beijing as an example, square village Bei Kou is walked to sturdy pines Chang'an street on East 3rd Ring Road, then from Sanlihe to the sweet members of a family, finally arrive space flight bridge east and come to 30 stations.Whole length is: 22.385 kilometers;If whole process is not peak, one and a half hours.Average whole process speed is 22.385/1.5=15 kilometer/small When, if it is peak period, then the speed of service is slower.Therefore, existing public transit system generally existing speed is slow, efficiency is low asks Topic.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention, which is that, provides a kind of modern city public transit system, and providing one kind can be with the faster city of speed Public transit system, it is efficient, save the time, while investing small, save infrastructure investment.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions above-mentioned purpose:
A kind of modern city public transit system, including grid type public transport roadnet, the not parking system in intersection, it is not parking up and down Objective system, departure place-bus platform and bus platform-destination public transportation system, cable car-capstan winch public transit system;The net Format public transport roadnet includes bus road, and the bus road includes several transmeridional roads X and several south The roads Y of north orientation, the roads X and the roads Y intersect to form grid;The not parking system in intersection includes being arranged in intersection Electronic kinfe rest A and electronic kinfe rest B, the red light control system on pavement both sides are set;The not parking on-board and off-board system includes Rear mounted not parking system, the not parking system of side hanging;The public friendship of the departure place-bus platform and bus platform-destination Way system includes that the automated lane in bus zone both sides, pavement, shared bicycle and shared electric vehicle is arranged to park;It is described Cable car-capstan winch public transit system includes capstan winch, pull line, and the capstan winch is arranged on the two ends of public transport road, the capstan winch Equipped with pull line, the pull line is equipped with bus.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is that the spacing of bus road is 2- in the grid type public transport roadnet 3 kilometers, the roads X and the roads Y intersection are grade separation, and bus road is tramcar road or trackless public transport road, bus road Both sides are equipped with guardrail, in the grid type public transport roadnet time of departure of per tour public transport be more than or equal to 4 minutes.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is the electronic kinfe rest A high 0.2-0.4 in the not parking system in intersection Rice, the front of the electronic kinfe rest A are equipped with spine, and the spine direction is against direction to the car;The electronic kinfe rest B high 1-1.6 Rice, the electronic kinfe rest B fall down center position of the direction towards road.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is the rear mounted not parking system in the not parking on-board and off-board system, packet The carriage up and down for including public transport car owner compartment, being arranged on rear side of public transport car owner compartment, the carriage up and down are equipped with power plant, The carriage up and down is flexibly connected with main compartment, and connection door is equipped between main compartment and upper and lower carriage;Main compartment and up and down Carriage is arranged in tramcar road or trackless public transport road, and the tramcar road includes main orbit, turnout, the trouble Side is arranged before and after bus-stop in road, connects main orbit and bus-stop;The trackless public transport road includes A-road, sets The channel steel at bus-stop is set, is arranged and can put down the guide wheel packed up in main compartment rear end and upper and lower carriage front end, it is described Guide wheel moves on channel steel.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is the not parking system of side hanging in the not parking on-board and off-board system, packet Main orbit and secondary track are included, the main orbit is equipped with main compartment, and the pair track is equipped with upper and lower carriage, the main compartment It is laterally mounted with upper and lower carriage.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is to be equipped in the main compartment and be provided from the hook engaged with seat.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is, in the cable car-capstan winch public transit system, the pull line of the roads Y Setting is arranged in bus top, the pull line of the roads X in the lower section of public transport road, and the public transit road on the roads X is equipped with Pull line road slot is equipped with connecting rod, the front end wedge shape of the connecting rod between the public transport compartment and pull line.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is that the width of the connecting rod is less than or equal to 3 centimetres, the pull line road Slot is 3-7 centimetres in the width of above ground portion.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is that two pieces of split band hinges are equipped on the pull line road slot at pavement The steel plate of chain, the steel plate intermediate gaps are less than or equal to 1 centimetre, and the opening angle of the steel plate is less than or equal to 40 degree.
The scheme that the present invention further solves is, the red light control system includes that signal receiver, controller, sound are pre- Alarm device, red light, amber light, green light, the signal receiver are connect with controller, the controller control sound prior-warning device, Red light, amber light, green light and electronic kinfe rest A and electronic kinfe rest B.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1, a kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention, including grid type public transport roadnet, the not parking system in intersection, no Stop to receive or discharge passengers system, departure place-bus platform and bus platform-destination public transportation system, cable car-capstan winch public transport system System;Bus road is designed with grid type, ensures any two places in city, as long as public transport of transfer, saves the transfer time; Using red light control system, the road vehicle in control and bus vertical direction travels, to ensure bus in addition to stopping Vehicle on-board and off-board will not encounter red light during other operations, keep unimpeded through operation;It is designed, is subtracted using not parking on-board and off-board Few run time stopped, started to walk, improves delivery rate, greatly reduces passenger in the way time;Using shared bicycle, electric vehicle, To complete passenger from family-to the stroke of bus stop-destination, the input of saving time and other public transit systems;Using cable car, Windlass type designs, to build and run bus, small investment, high efficiency.
2, a kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention, the roads X and the roads Y intersection are in the grid type public transport roadnet Grade separation avoids two buses from bumping against;The time of departure of per tour public transport is more than or equal to 4 minutes vehicle pass-throughs for avoiding vertical direction Time is too short, without running time.
3, a kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention, the electronic kinfe rest in the not parking system in intersection may insure public affairs The unimpeded straight trip for handing over vehicle, plays a protective role, and prevents from hitting generation danger;Red light control system can control vertical direction road The operation of upper vehicle, saves the time.
4, a kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention, the rear mounted not parking system in the not parking on-board and off-board system With the not parking system of side hanging, on-board and off-board, the main compartment that need not normally advance are carried out by the carriage up and down being separately provided Reduction of speed stops, and not only saves ramp to stop, accelerates the time started, also saves the time of on-board and off-board, can greatly carry High efficiency.
5, a kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention, the not parking system of side hanging in the not parking on-board and off-board system System, can once hang a few section compartments more, and often saving compartment can on-board and off-board, raising seating capacity and percent of pass.
6, a kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention, the rear mounted not parking system in the not parking on-board and off-board system System, travels main compartment rear end on the road of trackless public transit and upper and lower carriage front end is equipped with can put down the guide wheel packed up, can be with Allow main compartment and upper and lower carriage under the action of guide wheel, operation point-blank, facilitates completion to dock.
7, it is equipped in the main compartment and is provided from the hook engaged with seat, the included seat at seat is needed to hang up, it can To save space, handling capacity of passengers is improved.
8, a kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention, public transport compartment can lock in the cable car-capstan winch public transit system It on pull line, is pulled and is walked by pull line, only need to supplied electric power at two capstan winches, save the supply lines on road Road, as long as while compartment have brake and turning function, save power section, greatly save the expenditure of construction in compartment.Up and down The power of carriage only enters the station and starts in brake uses in tens seconds of the main vehicle of pursuit, and power demand is small, low cost.
9, a kind of modern city public transit system of the present invention is equipped with split two pieces on the pull line road slot at pavement With gemel steel plate prevents the crutch for occurring old man on pavement from falling into the case where road slot is caused danger;Bus and traction Connecting rod front end between cable wire is wedge shape, and bus opens plough among steel plate when by walkway, by rear steel plate by It is closed in its own gravity.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of modern city public transit system grid type public transport road system schematic of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of not parking system schematic in modern city public transit system intersection of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of modern city public transit system red light control system schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4, which is the rear mounted not parking system in a kind of not parking on-board and off-board system of modern city public transit system of the present invention, to be had Rail electric car road schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 be rear mounted not parking system in a kind of not parking on-board and off-board system of modern city public transit system of the present invention without Rail public transport road schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the not parking system of side hanging in a kind of not parking on-board and off-board system of modern city public transit system of the present invention Schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is a kind of schematic diagram of the main Compartment hook of modern city public transit system of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a kind of modern city public transit system cable car-compound schematic diagram of capstan winch public transit system of the present invention(After the first half is Hanging not parking on-board and off-board design, lower half are the not parking on-board and off-board design of side hanging).
Wherein, 1- driveways, the pavements 2-, 3- guardrails, 4- bus zones, 5- platforms, 6- main orbits, the turnouts 7-, 8- master Compartment, 9- or more carriages, 10- guide wheels, 11- channel steels, 12- pairs track, 13- hooks, 14- capstan winches, 15- pull lines.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment:
A kind of modern city public transit system, the grid type public transport roadnet, as shown in Figure 1.It is open by taking Hefei City as an example Data are shown:428 square kilometres of the completed region of the city area of Hefei City in 2017,4,220,000 people of permanent resident population.Hefei City built-up areas, It is that a North and South direction is long, the narrow city of east-west direction.So 28 kilometers can be taken with North and South direction, 8 are built(28/4+1=8)East West to track.20 kilometers are taken on east-west direction, build 6(20/4=5+1=6)Item, the track in north-south.
It is 60 kilometers/hour to design average running speed, by taking Hefei City as an example, 28 kilometers of north-south, and whole run time It it is 28 minutes, each down time is 2 minutes, and whole 7 stations, total down time is 14 minutes, then when whole total operation Between be 42 minutes.Average speed per hour is:28/(42/60)=40 kilometers/hour;Speed is greatly speeded up.
The not parking system in intersection, as shown in Figure 2,3.60 kilometers/hour of the bus average speed per hour of design. It in driving process, is signaled by bus, to vertical direction road vehicle and pedestrian, carries out red light control:In bus It reaches preceding 30 seconds, startup amber light and sound early warning;It reaches first 20 seconds, starts electronic kinfe rest A and electronic kinfe rest B, start simultaneously Red light and sound early warning reach 0 second, and bus passes through(General street width is 30 meters or so, bus speed 60* per second 1000/3600=16.7 meter, reality is 2 seconds or so by the time), 20 seconds after arrival, close electronic kinfe rest A and electronic kinfe rest B; 30 seconds after arrival, start green light and let pass, entire control time is one minute.After bus passes through, the street lamp along bus, Still switched for unit according to one minute.Because on bus section, only pedestrian and bicycle on both sides of the road.And perpendicular to The vehicle and pedestrian only kept straight on the track in bus direction, does not have the vehicle of turning, as long as so being single with one minute Position, fixed switching traffic lights pass through.
Rear mounted not parking system in the not parking on-board and off-board system, behind bus, hanging a row does not have seat The carriage up and down in the compartment of position, upper and lower carriage are self-powered.After bus outputs station, to the trip to get off at the next station Visitor, the waiting of carriage up and down to a last section are got off.When bus running is to 500 meters away from lower passenger station(350 meters/16.7 Rice=30 seconds), close two sect of junction in bus final section compartment and upper and lower carriage.When at 250 meters away from station, Upper and lower carriage is detached from main bus, and Reduced Speed Now is changed one's profession to platform car road by turnout, arrived at a station at from before station 100 meters The lower visitor of platform stop line parking and upper visitor.Before bus arrival, passenger is upper to being parked in the carriage up and down on platform, train arrival First 20 seconds, closing of the door waited for before driving into turnout.After bus crosses the turnout of exit, the carriage up and down of upper full visitor, A-road is driven by turnout, and accelerates to catch up with main bus, connects and locks with main vehicle by impingement method, be then turned on and lead Two sects of compartment junction, passenger enter main compartment, complete the overall process of passenger getting on/off.As shown in Figure 4.The trackless is public The final stage on dealings road, bus uses left/right open type door.Not parking on-board and off-board are completed in aforementioned manners, AT STATION front On road, it is laid with 300 meters or so of channel steel, the front end in public transport compartment rear end and upper and lower carriage, equipped with can pack up and put Under guide wheel, allow this two compartment under the action of guide wheel, operation point-blank, be readily achieved docking.After docking, open Opposite car door on two compartments completes process of getting on or off the bus.As shown in Figure 5.
The not parking system of side hanging in the not parking on-board and off-board system, on a direction of bus zone, setting There are main orbit and secondary track, travels chief series vehicle on main orbit, secondary track uplink reaches lower carriage, before getting to the station, Through get off passenger and the disengaging of main vehicle to upper and lower carriage, reduction of speed drives to station, the lower visitor of parking and upper visitor.And in main garage The carriage up and down from upper full passenger at 30 meters, being parked in before station on station is sailed to, starts and accelerates, arrive parallel with main vehicle When, it is parallel hang up main vehicle and connect locking after, main compartment and the opposite door of upper and lower carriage are opened, under lower station in main vehicle passenger The people of vehicle is not the passenger to get off at the next stop into upper and lower carriage, in upper and lower carriage, into main vehicle, is completed in operation Lower visitor's process.As shown in Figure 6.
It does not choose a place to give a banquet in the main compartment of bus position, is equipped on compartment side and is provided from the hook engaged with seat, need seat The passenger of position carries seat and hangs up and can take.Purpose is that the passenger that need not be sat down stands and can save space, improves carrying Amount, as shown in Figure 7.
Bus-stop-family's public transportation system includes that the cycle track in bus zone both sides, pavement, storage is arranged Shared bicycle and shared electric vehicle are parked.After lower bus, people can ride shared bicycle and go home, it is assumed that bicycle speed It is 20 kilometers/hour, farthest from destination 4 kilometers local, as long as also 12 minutes.It, also should be in addition the red light stand-by period It is reached in 15 minutes.In cell, it is possibility to have a small number of pedicabs or taxi is old man, service for patients.
A kind of modern city public transit system cable car-compound schematic diagram of capstan winch public transit system shown in Fig. 8(The first half is rear mounted Not parking on-board and off-board design, lower half are the not parking on-board and off-board design of side hanging).Capstan winch public transit system is rear mounted does not stop for cable car- Vehicle on-board and off-board design, such as:Start cable wire in the morning, and speed per hour is 60 kilometers/hour public.Public transport compartment is in inception point, after the completion of upper visitor, When being carried out to 60 km/h with upper and lower carriage power, it is suspended on cable wire and locks.In bus running to away from lower passenger station At 500 meters(350 meters/16.7 meters=30 seconds), close two sect of junction in bus final section compartment and upper and lower carriage. When at 250 meters away from station, upper and lower carriage is detached from main bus, and Reduced Speed Now passes through turnout at from before station 100 meters It changes one's profession to platform car road, visitor and upper visitor under stopping to platform stop line.And before bus arrival, passenger is upper to being parked on platform Carriage up and down in.20 seconds before train arrival, closing of the door waits for before driving into turnout.When bus crosses the trouble of exit Behind road, the carriage up and down of upper full visitor drives into A-road by turnout, and accelerates to catch up with main bus, passes through impingement method and master Vehicle is connected and is locked, and is then turned on and two sects of main vehicle junction, passenger enter main vehicle, complete the full mistake of passenger getting on/off Journey.Compartment is reached terminal first 100 meters, and compartment and cable wire are detached from, and objective under Reduced Speed Now to layover, after lower visitor, vehicle Compartment is pushed along big turning road by upper and lower carriage, drives to passenger station's platform on opposite, and in enabling then visitor repeats last time running route Operation.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiment being appreciated that.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of modern city public transit system, it is characterised in that:Including grid type public transport roadnet, the not parking system in intersection System, not parking on-board and off-board system, departure place-bus platform and bus platform-destination public transportation system, cable car-capstan winch are public Friendship system;The grid type public transport roadnet includes bus road, and the bus road includes several transmeridional X The roads Y on road and several north-souths, the roads X and the roads Y intersect to form grid;The not parking system in intersection includes setting Intersection electronic kinfe rest A and electronic kinfe rest B, the red light control system on pavement both sides are set;It is described it is not parking on Lower visitor's system includes rear mounted not parking system, the not parking system of side hanging;Departure place-the bus platform and bus platform- Destination public transportation system includes that the automated lane in bus zone both sides, pavement, shared bicycle is arranged and shares electronic Vehicle is parked;The cable car-capstan winch public transit system includes capstan winch, pull line, and the head and the tail in public transport road are arranged in the capstan winch End, the capstan winch are equipped with pull line, and the pull line is equipped with bus.
2. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The grid type public transport road system The spacing of bus road is 2-3 kilometer in system, and the roads X and the roads Y intersection are grade separation, bus road for tramcar road or Trackless public transport road, bus both sides of the road are equipped with guardrail, when dispatching a car of per tour public transport in the grid type public transport roadnet Between be more than or equal to 4 minutes.
3. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The not parking system in intersection The front of 0.2-0.4 meters of electronic kinfe rest A high in system, the electronic kinfe rest A be equipped with spine, the spine direction against come vehicle side To;1-1.6 meters of the electronic kinfe rest B high, the electronic kinfe rest B fall down center position of the direction towards road.
4. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The not parking on-board and off-board system In rear mounted not parking system, including public transport car owner compartment, the carriage up and down that is arranged on rear side of public transport car owner compartment are described Upper and lower carriage is equipped with power plant, and the carriage up and down is flexibly connected with main compartment, between main compartment and upper and lower carriage Equipped with connection door;Main compartment and upper and lower carriage are arranged in tramcar road or trackless public transport road, the street railway Road includes main orbit, turnout, and side is arranged before and after bus-stop in the turnout, connects main orbit and bus-stop;It is described Trackless public transport road includes A-road, is arranged at bus-stop channel steel is arranged in main compartment rear end and upper and lower carriage Front end can put down the guide wheel packed up, and the guide wheel moves on channel steel.
5. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The not parking on-board and off-board system In the not parking system of side hanging, including main orbit and secondary track, the main orbit be equipped with main compartment, set on the pair track There are upper and lower carriage, the main compartment and upper and lower carriage laterally to mount.
6. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is equipped with and is provided from the main compartment Hook with seat engaging.
7. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cable car-capstan winch public transport system In system, the pull line of the roads Y is arranged on bus top, and the pull line of the roads X is arranged in public transport road The public transit road of lower section, the roads X is equipped with pull line road slot, and connecting rod, institute are equipped between the public transport compartment and pull line State the front end wedge shape of connecting rod.
8. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The width of the connecting rod is less than Equal to 3 centimetres, pull line road slot is 3-7 centimetres in the width of above ground portion.
9. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Pull line at pavement Road slot is equipped with two blocks of split with gemel steel plates, and the steel plate intermediate gaps are less than or equal to 1 centimetre, the unlatching of the steel plate Angle is less than or equal to 40 degree.
10. a kind of modern city public transit system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The red light control system packet Signal receiver, controller, sound prior-warning device, red light, amber light, green light are included, the signal receiver is connect with controller, institute State controller control sound prior-warning device, red light, amber light, green light and electronic kinfe rest A and electronic kinfe rest B.
CN201810016036.7A 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of modern city public transit system Pending CN108277710A (en)

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CN106758610A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-31 张博飞 City rail public transport stereo traffic system

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CN110176140A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-08-27 上海城市交通设计院有限公司 A kind of micro- hinge model of intelligence based on multi-internet integration and the algorithm for the model
CN109658724A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-19 连尚(新昌)网络科技有限公司 It is a kind of for providing user's method and apparatus of bus trip information

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