CN108273082B - Medical scalpel disinfecting and sterilizing equipment - Google Patents

Medical scalpel disinfecting and sterilizing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108273082B
CN108273082B CN201810339947.3A CN201810339947A CN108273082B CN 108273082 B CN108273082 B CN 108273082B CN 201810339947 A CN201810339947 A CN 201810339947A CN 108273082 B CN108273082 B CN 108273082B
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China
Prior art keywords
hollow shaft
scalpel
water
clamping
hard hollow
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201810339947.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108273082A (en
Inventor
王改荣
郭迎雪
张强
丁赛赛
汪玮
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • A61L2/10Ultraviolet radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/04Heat
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/04Heat
    • A61L2/06Hot gas
    • A61L2/07Steam
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/18Liquid substances or solutions comprising solids or dissolved gases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/26Accessories or devices or components used for biocidal treatment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/10Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/14Wipes; Absorbent members, e.g. swabs or sponges
    • B08B1/143Wipes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/022Cleaning travelling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity or by vibration
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2202/17Combination with washing or cleaning means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/20Targets to be treated
    • A61L2202/24Medical instruments, e.g. endoscopes, catheters, sharps

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Epidemiology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Apparatus For Disinfection Or Sterilisation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of medical instrument cleaning, and particularly relates to a medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization device which comprises an installation box, a water spraying module, a clamping and adjusting module and a cleaning module, wherein a plurality of ultraviolet sterilization lamps are arranged on the inner wall of the installation box; the water spraying module is positioned in the center of the installation box and used for supplementing a water source to the cleaning module and providing rotary power for the clamping and adjusting module; the clamping adjusting module is arranged at the upper part of the water spraying module and is used for clamping the scalpel handle of the scalpel and automatically adjusting the clamped part; the cleaning module is positioned on the upper side of the clamping and adjusting module and used for changing the water spraying direction of the water spraying module and cleaning the scalpel; the invention is mainly used for cleaning and sterilizing medical instruments, and can improve the cleaning degree and the sterilizing effect of the scalpel.

Description

Medical scalpel disinfecting and sterilizing equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of cleaning of medical instruments, and particularly relates to a medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization device.
Background
Medical instruments refer to instruments, equipment, appliances, in-vitro diagnostic reagents and calibrators, materials and other similar or related articles which are directly or indirectly used for the human body; medical instruments are generally subjected to rigorous cleaning and sterilization treatments during use. The conventional handheld medical apparatus needs to be cleaned frequently, such as a scalpel, and the handheld medical apparatus is generally provided with handles which are generally cylindrical or flat rod-shaped and are easy to hold or clamp; in addition, the recessed portions and corners of the surfaces of many medical devices, which are difficult to clean, are a problem that needs to be addressed.
In the process of cleaning and sterilizing medical instruments, time and labor are wasted in manual cleaning of the medical instruments, the cleaning degree and the sterilization degree of the medical instruments are different, the cleaning degree and the sterilization degree of the medical instruments cannot be effectively controlled, the medical instruments generally need to be clamped by equipment when the medical instruments are cleaned by the equipment, and a Chinese patent with the application number of CN201420701397 discloses a rinsing and cleaning device for a minimally invasive scalpel, which comprises that' the transmission fixing frame also comprises spring pincers which are arranged on the fixing frame and used for fixing the minimally invasive scalpel; the fixed frame is arranged on a main shaft of a fixed frame turntable; the control cabinet is used for controlling the work of the whole device. Although the technical scheme can rinse the minimally invasive medical instrument, the problem is faced after the handle of the minimally invasive medical instrument is clamped by the spring clamp, the clamped part of the medical instrument cannot be completely cleaned and sterilized in the process of rinsing the medical instrument, and if the clamped part of the medical instrument cannot be completely cleaned and sterilized, wound infection after operation can be influenced, so that the person cannot be recovered after the operation.
In view of this, the medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization device provided by the invention is mainly used for fully cleaning and sterilizing medical instruments including clamped parts and concave parts, and is wide in application range.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization device which is mainly used for cleaning and disinfecting a scalpel, and a clamping adjusting module with the scalpel clamped therein is driven to automatically rotate by high-temperature and high-pressure water to remove dirt on the concave part and the clamped part of the scalpel so as to achieve the effect of cleaning and sterilizing the scalpel. The clamping module is driven by the water spraying module to rotate positively and negatively in the cleaning module, so that the whole scalpel is cleaned and sterilized.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization device comprises an installation box, a water spraying module, a clamping and adjusting module and a cleaning module, wherein a plurality of ultraviolet sterilization lamps are arranged on the inner wall of the installation box; the water spraying module is positioned in the center of the installation box and used for supplementing a water source to the cleaning module and providing rotary power for the clamping and adjusting module; the clamping adjusting module is arranged on the upper part of the water spraying module and is used for clamping the scalpel handle of the scalpel and automatically adjusting the clamped part; the cleaning module is positioned on the upper side of the clamping and adjusting module and used for changing the water spraying direction of the water spraying module and cleaning the scalpel; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the cleaning module comprises an elastic plate and a wiping part, and the elastic plate and the wiping part are both positioned at the upper end of the scalpel; the elastic plate comprises a first fixed plate, a plurality of rotating plates and a third spring; the first fixing plate is obliquely fixed at the upper end of the inner wall of the mounting box; one end of the rotating plate is hinged with the first fixed plate, the other end of the rotating plate is a free end, and a water receiving groove is formed in the upper end of the rotating plate; the width of the lower end groove of the water receiving groove is between one third and one half of the width of the upper end groove of the water receiving groove, and the lower end of the water receiving groove faces the scalpel, so that water in the water receiving groove is intensively flushed towards the scalpel; one end of the third spring is fixedly connected with the first fixed plate, and the other end of the third spring is hinged with the middle part of the rotating plate; the wiping part comprises a second fixing plate and a plurality of wiping cloth strips, the second fixing plate is obliquely fixed on the inner wall of the installation box, and the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate are alternately arranged; one end of the wiping cloth strip is connected with the second fixing plate, the other end of the wiping cloth strip is a free end, and the free end of the wiping cloth strip naturally hangs down to the bottom end of the scalpel; a plurality of wiping balls are arranged on the wiping cloth strip; the mop is characterized in that a first rope is connected between the mop ball and the mop cloth strip, one end of the first rope is connected with the mop ball, the other end of the first rope is connected with the mop cloth strip, and a plurality of pits are formed in the surface of the mop ball. When the multifunctional scalpel cleaning device works, the hollow impeller sprays clean water into the mounting box, when water is sprayed onto the rotating plate, the rigid hollow shaft rotates forwards and backwards to drive the scalpel on the support to rotate forwards and backwards, the water receiving groove in the rotating plate collects the water and intensively flushes the water to the scalpel, the water pressure of the clean water is changed to enable the rotating plate to elastically fluctuate on the fixing plate I so as to achieve the purpose of flushing the scalpel upwards and downwards, meanwhile, the water receiving groove in the rotating plate collects the water and intensively flushes the water to the scalpel, the impact force of the water on the scalpel is increased, more water is poured onto the scalpel, the scalpel is quickly cleaned, and the cleaning efficiency of the scalpel is improved; the scalpel on the support is driven to rotate by rotating the first hard hollow shaft, the scalpel is wiped and cleaned when being touched by the wiping cloth strip, the wiping balls are arranged and can wipe the concave parts on the scalpel, the scalpel on the support rotates, the front side and the back side of the scalpel are wiped by the wiping balls, meanwhile, the friction force of the wiping balls on the scalpel is increased through the pits formed in the wiping balls, the wiping flexibility of the wiping balls is increased through the first rope, and the scalpel can be cleaned more quickly and better; the scalpel can be effectively wiped and washed up and down by combining the elastic plate and the wiping part, so that the aim of cleaning the scalpel is fulfilled.
The water spraying module comprises a first hard hollow shaft, a second hard hollow shaft, a first bearing, a hollow impeller and a water feeding pipe; the second hard hollow shaft is fixed in the center of the mounting box; the first hard hollow shaft is positioned at the positive upper end of the second hard hollow shaft, a first spiral impeller set and a second spiral impeller set are arranged in the inner wall of the first hard hollow shaft, the first spiral impeller set is connected with the inner wall of the first hard hollow shaft into a whole, the second spiral impeller set is connected with the inner wall of the first hard hollow shaft into a whole, the rotating directions of the first spiral impeller set and the second spiral impeller set are opposite, and the distance between the first spiral impeller set and the second spiral impeller set is at least three times the diameter distance of the first hard hollow shaft, so that intermittent high-pressure water drives the first hard hollow shaft to rotate positively and negatively; the first bearing is positioned between the first hard hollow shaft and the second hard hollow shaft, the upper end of the first bearing is connected with the second hard hollow shaft, the lower end of the first bearing is connected with the first hard hollow shaft, and the first hard hollow shaft is communicated with the second hard hollow shaft; the hollow impeller is arranged at the top end of the first hard hollow shaft, the hollow impeller is communicated with the first hard hollow shaft, and a plurality of water spraying holes are formed in the edge of a blade of the hollow impeller; the water feeding pipe is located inside the first hard hollow shaft, the upper end of the water feeding pipe extends into the second hard hollow shaft, the water feeding pipe and the second hard hollow shaft are in clearance fit, and the lower end of the water feeding pipe is fixed in the center of the installation box. When the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant is added into the first hard hollow shaft through the water adding pipe, when the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant impacts the second spiral impeller group, the first hard hollow shaft rotates in the forward direction, when the hard hollow shaft rotates for two circles, the high-temperature and high-pressure disinfectant tends to stop due to the action of friction force, at the moment, the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant impacts the first spiral impeller group again to circulate back and forth when the high-temperature and high-pressure disinfectant leaves the second spiral impeller group and impacts the second spiral impeller group together, so that the first hard hollow shaft is driven to rotate in the forward direction and the reverse direction by the intermittent high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant, the hollow impeller rotates along with the first hard hollow shaft, and the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high, so that the front and the back of the scalpel can be cleaned, disinfected and sterilized by high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant.
The clamping adjusting module comprises a clamping body and a support plate; the clamping body comprises a ring body and a plurality of brackets; the inner hole of the ring body is in a step shape, the ring body is sleeved at the upper end of the bearing I, and the ring body is rotatably connected with the bearing I; the support is uniformly distributed around the ring body, one end of the support is connected with the ring body into a whole, the other end of the support is a free end, the free end inclines downwards by 20 degrees to 45 degrees, a plurality of handle holes are formed in the support, and the aperture of each handle hole is matched with the diameter of each handle; the supporting plate is positioned at the lower end of the clamping body, the supporting plate and the hard hollow shaft tube are connected into a whole, the supporting plate is in a conical circle, and the surface of the supporting plate is parallel to the support. During operation, insert the lower half of scalpel's handle in the handle hole, drive a stereoplasm hollow shaft through high temperature and high pressure water or high pressure disinfectant and rotate and drive the support and rotate, the lower extreme of handle supports and leans on the extension board, and the support rotates around bearing one, and support downward sloping 20 ~ 45 for do not produce each other between the scalpel and shelter from, be fit for depositing of scalpel, make the scalpel can all be washd.
The support plate is annularly provided with a bulge; the protrusion is located right under the handle hole and protrudes intermittently, and the protruding height of the protrusion is larger than the hole depth of the handle hole. The during operation, the end of handle supports and leans on in the arch, and the height of handle changes along with the change of bellied height, and when the handle moved to bellied minimum point position by bellied maximum point position, the handle was adjusted easily by the position of centre gripping, and the wiping cloth strip can be washd the position of handle by the centre gripping, and the water on the rotor plate will be washed clean easily by the position of centre gripping on the handle, and antiseptic solution and high temperature steam also disinfect easily to being gripped the position.
A clamping unit is arranged beside the handle hole and used for clamping the handle and changing the clamping position of the clamping handle; the clamping unit is an annular electromagnet; the electromagnet is fixed in the clamping body, the end face, close to the handle hole, of the electromagnet is in an inwards concave arc shape, and the end face of the electromagnet is matched with the surface of the handle. The during operation, the handle is when can be by the adsorbed metal material of electro-magnet, the lower part of handle is adsorbed the centre gripping by the electro-magnet, after the upper portion of handle is by the sanitization, carry out instantaneous outage to the electro-magnet, the handle falls under the action of gravity, when the upper portion of handle falls in the handle hole, energize the electro-magnet, the electro-magnet adsorbs the handle once more, the lower part of handle is vacated, on the handle by the clamping position change completely, it can be washd the position by the centre gripping before the handle to clean the cloth strip, water on the rotor plate will be easily on the handle before by the position of centre gripping clean, antiseptic solution and high temperature steam also are easily sterilized by the clamping position.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization equipment, the installation box, the water spraying module, the clamping module and the cleaning module are combined with one another, so that after the scalpel is sterilized by the ultraviolet sterilizing lamp, the high-temperature and high-pressure water drives the hard hollow shaft to rotate so as to drive the scalpel on the bracket to rotate forwards and backwards, the scalpel is wiped back and forth by the wiping cloth strip and washed back and forth by water accumulated on the rotating plate, and the scalpel is effectively cleaned and sterilized.
2. According to the medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization equipment, the water spraying module and the clamping module are matched with each other, and the hard hollow shaft is driven to rotate forwards and backwards by high-pressure water, so that the degree of dependence on a motor and electric power is reduced; and make full use of high-pressure water.
3. According to the medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization equipment, the installation box, the clamping module and the cleaning module are combined with each other, the clamping position for clamping a scalpel is automatically adjusted through the clamping module, the whole scalpel including the concave part and the clamped part is subjected to comprehensive disinfection and sterilization treatment and cleaning, and the scalpel is safer to use.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a screw impeller assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a second helical impeller assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the construction of a hollow impeller according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the water hole location distribution of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the construction of the plate of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the bump deployment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the clamping unit of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the construction of the rotating plate of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a wiping cloth strip construction of the present invention;
in the figure: the ultraviolet sterilizing lamp comprises an installation box 1, an ultraviolet sterilizing lamp 11, a water spraying module 2, a first hard hollow shaft 21, a first spiral impeller group 211, a second spiral impeller group 212, a second hard hollow shaft 22, a first bearing 23, a hollow impeller 24, a water spraying hole 241, a water adding pipe 25, a clamping adjusting module 3, a clamping body 31, a support 311, a support plate 32, a protrusion 321, a clamping unit 33, a cleaning module 4, an elastic plate 41, a first fixed plate 411, a rotating plate 412, a water receiving groove 412a, a wiping part 42, a second fixed plate 421, a wiping cloth strip 422, a wiping ball 423 and a handle 5.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 10, a medical scalpel disinfection and sterilization device comprises an installation box 1, a water spraying module 2, a clamping and adjusting module 3 and a cleaning module 4, wherein a plurality of ultraviolet sterilization lamps 11 are arranged on the inner wall of the installation box 1; the water spraying module 2 is positioned in the center of the installation box 1, and the water spraying module 2 is used for supplementing a water source to the cleaning module 4 and providing rotary power for the clamping adjusting module 3; the clamping adjusting module 3 is arranged at the upper part of the water spraying module 2, and the clamping adjusting module 3 is used for clamping a knife handle 5 of the scalpel and automatically adjusting the clamped part; the cleaning module 4 is positioned at the upper side of the clamping and adjusting module 3, the cleaning module 4 is used for changing the water spraying direction of the water spraying module 2 and cleaning the scalpel, wherein,
the cleaning module 4 comprises an elastic plate 41 and a wiping part 42, and the elastic plate 41 and the wiping part 42 are both positioned at the upper end of the scalpel; the elastic plate 41 comprises a first fixed plate 411, a plurality of rotating plates 412 and a third spring; the first fixing plate 411 is obliquely fixed at the upper end of the inner wall of the installation box 1; one end of the rotating plate 412 is hinged with the first fixed plate 411, the other end of the rotating plate 412 is a free end, and a water receiving groove 412a is formed in the upper end of the rotating plate 412; the width of the lower end groove of the water receiving groove 412a is between one third and one half of the width of the upper end groove of the water receiving groove 412a, and the lower end of the water receiving groove 412a faces the scalpel, so that water in the water receiving groove 412a is intensively flushed towards the scalpel; one end of the third spring is fixedly connected with the first fixing plate 411, and the other end of the third spring is hinged with the middle part of the rotating plate 412; the wiping part 42 comprises a second fixing plate 421 and a plurality of wiping cloth strips 422, the second fixing plate 421 is obliquely fixed on the inner wall of the installation box 1, and the first fixing plate 411 and the second fixing plate 421 are alternately arranged; one end of the wiping cloth strip 422 is connected with the second fixing plate 421, the other end of the wiping cloth strip 422 is a free end, and the free end of the wiping cloth strip 422 naturally hangs down to the bottom end of the scalpel; a plurality of wiping balls 423 are arranged on the wiping cloth 422; be connected with first rope between wiping ball 423 and the wiping cloth 422, the one end of first rope is connected with wiping ball 423, and the other end of first rope is connected with wiping cloth 422, and wiping ball 423's surface is provided with a plurality of pits. When the multifunctional scalpel cleaning device works, the hollow impeller 24 sprays clean water into the mounting box 11, when water is sprayed onto the rotating plate 412, the hard hollow shaft I21 rotates forwards and backwards to drive the scalpel on the support 311 to rotate forwards and backwards, the water receiving groove 412a on the rotating plate 412 collects and intensively washes the water towards the scalpel, the water pressure of the clean water is changed to enable the rotating plate 412 to elastically fluctuate on the fixing plate I411 to achieve up-and-down washing of the scalpel, meanwhile, the water receiving groove 412a on the rotating plate 412 collects and intensively washes the water towards the scalpel, impact force of the water on the scalpel is increased, more water is poured onto the scalpel, the scalpel is cleaned more quickly, and cleaning efficiency of the scalpel is improved; the first hard hollow shaft 21 rotates to drive the scalpel on the support 311 to rotate, the scalpel is wiped and cleaned when touching the wiping cloth strips 422, the wiping balls 423 are arranged, the wiping balls 423 can wipe concave parts on the scalpel, the scalpel on the support 311 rotates, the front and back of the scalpel are wiped by the wiping balls 423, meanwhile, friction of the wiping balls 423 on the scalpel is increased through the concave pits formed in the wiping balls 423, the wiping flexibility of the wiping balls 423 is increased through the first rope, and the scalpel can be cleaned faster and better; the combination of the elastic plate 41 and the wiping part 42 can effectively wipe and wash the scalpel up and down, so as to achieve the aim of cleaning the scalpel.
The water spraying module 2 comprises a first hard hollow shaft 21, a second hard hollow shaft 22, a first bearing 23, a hollow impeller 24 and a water adding pipe 25; the second hard hollow shaft 22 is fixed in the center of the installation box 1; the first hard hollow shaft 21 is positioned at the positive upper end of the second hard hollow shaft 22, a first spiral impeller set and a second spiral impeller set are arranged in the inner wall of the first hard hollow shaft 21, the first spiral impeller set is connected with the inner wall of the first hard hollow shaft into a whole, the second spiral impeller set is connected with the inner wall of the first hard hollow shaft into a whole, the rotating directions of the first spiral impeller set and the second spiral impeller set are opposite, and the distance between the first spiral impeller set and the second spiral impeller set is at least three times the diameter distance of the first hard hollow shaft, so that the first hard hollow shaft is driven by intermittent high-pressure water to rotate positively and negatively; the first bearing 23 is positioned between the first hard hollow shaft 21 and the second hard hollow shaft 22, the upper end of the first bearing 23 is connected with the second hard hollow shaft 22, the lower end of the first bearing 23 is connected with the first hard hollow shaft 21, and the first hard hollow shaft 21 is communicated with the second hard hollow shaft 22; the hollow impeller 24 is installed at the top end of the first hard hollow shaft 21, the hollow impeller 24 is communicated with the first hard hollow shaft 21, and the edge of a blade of the hollow impeller 24 is provided with a plurality of water spraying holes 241; the water adding pipe 25 is located inside the first hard hollow shaft 21, the upper end of the water adding pipe 25 extends into the second hard hollow shaft 22, the water adding pipe 25 is in clearance fit with the second hard hollow shaft 22, and the lower end of the water adding pipe 25 is fixed in the center of the installation box 1. When the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant is added into the first hard hollow shaft 21 through the water adding pipe 25 during working, when the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant impacts the first spiral impeller wheel set 211, the first hard hollow shaft 21 rotates in the forward direction, when the hard hollow shaft rotates for two circles, the high-temperature and high-pressure disinfectant tends to stop due to the action of friction, at the moment, when the high-temperature and high-pressure disinfectant leaves the first spiral impeller wheel set 211 and impacts the second spiral impeller wheel set 212, the first hard hollow shaft 21 rotates in the reverse direction, when the first hard hollow shaft 21 rotates for two circles, the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant tends to stop due to the action of friction, at the moment, the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant impacts the first spiral impeller wheel set 211 again and circulates back and forth, so that the intermittent high-temperature and, so that the front and the back of the scalpel can be cleaned, disinfected and sterilized by high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant.
The clamping adjusting module 3 comprises a clamping body 31 and a support plate 32; the clamping body 31 comprises a ring body and a plurality of brackets 311; the inner hole of the ring body is stepped, the ring body is sleeved at the upper end of the bearing I23, and the ring body is rotatably connected with the bearing I23; the support 311 is uniformly distributed around the ring body, one end of the support 311 is connected with the ring body into a whole, the other end of the support 311 is a free end, the free end inclines downwards by 20 degrees to 45 degrees, a plurality of handle holes are formed in the support 311, and the aperture of each handle hole is matched with the diameter of the handle 5; the support plate 32 is located at the lower end of the clamping body 31, the support plate 32 is connected with the hard hollow shaft tube II into a whole, the support plate 32 is a cone-shaped circle, and the plate surface of the support plate 32 is parallel to the support 311. When the scalpel is in use, the lower half part of the handle 5 of the scalpel is inserted into the handle hole, the hard hollow shaft I21 is driven to rotate through high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant, so that the support 311 is driven to rotate, the lower end of the handle 5 is abutted against the support plate 32, the support 311 rotates around the bearing I23, the support 311 inclines downwards for 20-45 degrees, the scalpels are not shielded, the scalpel is suitable for being stored, and the scalpels can be completely cleaned.
Protrusions 321 are arranged on the support plate in an annular mode; the protrusion 321 is located right below the handle hole, the protrusion 321 protrudes intermittently, and the protruding height of the protrusion 321 is greater than the hole depth of the handle hole. During operation, the tail end of the handle 5 abuts against the protrusion 321, the height of the handle 5 changes along with the change of the height of the protrusion 321, when the handle 5 moves from the highest point position of the protrusion 321 to the lowest point position of the protrusion 321, the clamped position of the handle 5 is easily adjusted, the wiping cloth 422 can clean the clamped position of the handle 5, the clamped position of the handle 5 is easily washed by water on the rotating plate 412, and the clamped position is also easily sterilized by disinfectant and high-temperature steam.
A clamping unit 33 is arranged beside the handle hole, and the clamping unit 33 is used for clamping the handle 5 and changing the clamping position of the clamping handle 5; the clamping unit 33 is an annular electromagnet; the electromagnet is fixed in the clamping body, the end face, close to the handle hole, of the electromagnet is in an inwards concave arc shape, and the end face of the electromagnet is matched with the surface of the handle 5. During operation, when handle 5 is the metal material that can be adsorbed by the electro-magnet, the lower part of handle 5 is adsorbed the centre gripping by the electro-magnet, after the upper portion of handle 5 is washd cleanly, carry out instantaneous outage to the electro-magnet, handle 5 falls under the action of gravity, when the upper portion of handle 5 falls in handle 5 hole, energize the electro-magnet, the electro-magnet adsorbs handle 5 once more, the lower part of handle 5 is vacated, by the centre gripping position on handle 5 changes completely, it can be washd the position by the centre gripping before handle 5 to wipe cloth 422, the water on rotor plate 412 will be easily washed clean by the position of centre gripping before on handle 5, antiseptic solution and high temperature steam also sterilize to being gripped the position easily.
The cleaning module 4 comprises an elastic plate 41 and a wiping part 42, and the elastic plate 41 and the wiping part 42 are both positioned at the upper end of the scalpel; the elastic plate 41 comprises a first fixed plate 411, a plurality of rotating plates 412 and a third spring; the first fixed plate 411 is obliquely fixed at the upper end of the inner wall of the installation box 1, one end of the rotating plate 412 is hinged with the first fixed plate 411, and the other end of the rotating plate 412 is a free end; one end of the third spring is fixedly connected with the first fixing plate 411, and the other end of the third spring is hinged with the middle part of the rotating plate 412; the wiping part 42 comprises a second fixing plate 421 and a plurality of wiping cloth strips 422, the second fixing plate 421 is obliquely fixed on the inner wall of the installation box 1, and the first fixing plate 411 and the second fixing plate 421 are alternately arranged; one end of the wiping cloth strip 422 is connected with the second fixing plate 421, the other end of the wiping cloth strip 422 is a free end, and the free end of the wiping cloth strip 422 naturally hangs down to the bottom end of the scalpel. When the operation is carried out, the hollow impeller 24 sprays clean water into the installation box 11, when the water is sprayed on the rotating plate 412, the water on the rotating plate 412 flows downwards to impact on the scalpel, and the rotating plate 412 elastically fluctuates on the first fixing plate 411 by changing the water pressure of the clean water, so that the scalpel is washed up and down; the scalpel on the support plate 32 rotates along with the support plate 32, the scalpel is wiped and cleaned when touching the wiping cloth strips 422, and the scalpel can be effectively wiped and washed up and down through the combination of the elastic plate 41 and the wiping part 42, so that the aim of cleaning the scalpel is fulfilled.
A water receiving groove 412a is formed in the upper end of the rotating plate, the width of the lower end of the water receiving groove 412a is between one third and one half of the width of the upper end of the water receiving groove 412a, and the lower end of the water receiving groove 412a faces the scalpel so as to enable water in the water receiving groove 412a to be intensively flushed towards the scalpel; a plurality of wiping balls 423 are arranged on the wiping cloth strip; a first rope is connected between the wiping ball 423 and the wiping cloth, one end of the first rope is connected with the wiping ball 423, and the other end of the first rope is connected with the wiping cloth strip; the surface of the wiping ball 423 is provided with a plurality of dimples. When the multifunctional scalpel cleaning device works, the hollow impeller 24 sprays water on the rotating plate 412, the first hard hollow shaft 21 rotates forwards and backwards to drive the scalpel on the bracket 311 to rotate forwards and backwards, the water receiving groove 412a on the rotating plate 412 collects and intensively washes the water towards the scalpel, the impact force of the water on the scalpel is increased, more water is poured onto the scalpel, the scalpel is cleaned more quickly, and the cleaning efficiency of the scalpel is improved; set up a plurality of balls 423 that wipe, wipe ball 423 and can wipe the indent position on the scalpel, the positive and negative rotation of scalpel on the support 311 is favorable to the scalpel openly and the back all to be wiped by ball 423 and wipe, simultaneously, the pit that sets up on through wiping ball 423 increases the frictional force of wiping ball 423 to the scalpel, increase the nimble degree of wiping ball 423 through first rope, make the scalpel can be by faster better quilt sanitization.
The specific working process is as follows:
when the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant is separated from the spiral impeller wheel set I211 and is flushed to the spiral impeller wheel set II 212, the hard hollow shaft I21 rotates reversely, after the hard hollow shaft I21 rotates for two circles, the hard hollow shaft I21 tends to stop due to the friction force, at the moment, the high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant impacts the spiral impeller wheel set I211 again to circulate back and forth, and the hard hollow shaft I21 is driven by the intermittent high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant to realize the forward and reverse rotation of the hard hollow shaft I21 by driving the hard hollow shaft I21 by the intermittent high-temperature and high-pressure water or high-pressure disinfectant to drive the hard hollow shaft I21 after the hard hollow shaft I21 rotates for two circles The hollow impeller 24 rotates along with the first hard hollow shaft 21, and the high-temperature high-pressure water or the high-pressure disinfectant is sprayed out from the hollow impeller 24, so that the front side and the back side of the scalpel can be cleaned, disinfected and sterilized by the high-temperature high-pressure water or the high-pressure disinfectant.
In the process of cleaning the scalpel by the cleaning module 4, the hollow impeller 24 sprays water on the rotating plate 412, the hard hollow shaft I21 rotates forwards and backwards to drive the scalpel on the bracket 311 to rotate forwards and backwards, the water on the rotating plate 412 flows downwards to impact on the scalpel, and the rotating plate 412 elastically fluctuates on the fixing plate I411 by changing the water pressure of clear water, so that the scalpel is washed up and down; meanwhile, the water receiving groove 412a on the rotating plate 412 collects water and intensively flushes the water to the scalpel, so that the impact force of the water on the scalpel is increased, more water is poured onto the scalpel, the scalpel is quickly cleaned, and the cleaning efficiency of the scalpel is improved; the scalpel does forward and reverse rotation movement along with the support 311, the scalpel is wiped and cleaned when touching the wiping cloth strip 422, the wiping balls 423 are arranged on the wiping cloth strip 422, the wiping balls 423 can wipe the concave parts on the scalpel, the scalpel on the support 311 rotates forwards and backwards, so that the front and the back of the scalpel are wiped by the wiping balls 423, meanwhile, the friction force of the wiping balls 423 on the scalpel is increased through the pits formed in the wiping balls 423, the wiping flexibility of the wiping balls 423 is increased through the first rope, and the scalpel can be cleaned more quickly and better; therefore, through the combination of the elastic plate 41 and the wiping part 42 in the cleaning module 4, the scalpel can be effectively wiped and washed up and down, and the aim of cleaning the whole scalpel by the cleaning module 4 is fulfilled.
The following two methods are available for adjusting the position of the clamped portion of the scalpel:
the first embodiment is as follows: the position of the clamped part of the scalpel is adjusted through the bulge 321; when the tail end of the handle 5 abuts against the protrusion 321, the height of the handle 5 changes along with the change of the height of the protrusion 321, when the handle 5 moves from the highest point position of the protrusion 321 to the lowest point position of the protrusion 321, the clamped part of the handle 5 is completely changed, the wiping cloth 422 can clean the clamped part of the handle 5, the clamped part of the handle 5 can be easily washed clean by water on the rotating plate 412, and the clamped part can be easily sterilized by disinfectant and high-temperature steam.
Example two: the position of the clamped part of the scalpel is adjusted through the clamping unit 33; when handle 5 is for can be by the adsorbed metal material of electro-magnet, the lower part of handle 5 is adsorbed the centre gripping by the electro-magnet, after the upper portion of handle 5 is washd, carry out instantaneous outage to the electro-magnet, handle 5 falls under the action of gravity, when the upper portion of handle 5 falls in handle 5 hole, energize the electro-magnet, the electro-magnet adsorbs handle 5 once more, the lower part of handle 5 is vacated, by the centre gripping position on handle 5 change completely, wiping cloth 422 can be washd handle 5 by the position of centre gripping, the water on the rotor plate 412 will be easily washed clean the position by the centre gripping on handle 5, antiseptic solution and high temperature steam also are easily sterilized by the centre gripping position.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a medical scalpel disinfecting and sterilizing equipment which characterized in that: the ultraviolet sterilizing lamp comprises an installation box (1), a water spraying module (2), a clamping adjusting module (3) and a cleaning module (4), wherein a plurality of ultraviolet sterilizing lamps (11) are arranged on the inner wall of the installation box (1); the water spraying module (2) is positioned in the center of the installation box (1), and the water spraying module (2) is used for supplementing a water source to the cleaning module (4) and providing rotary power for the clamping adjusting module (3); the clamping adjusting module (3) is arranged at the upper part of the water spraying module (2), and the clamping adjusting module (3) is used for clamping a knife handle (5) of the scalpel and automatically adjusting the clamped part; the cleaning module (4) is positioned on the upper side of the clamping adjusting module (3), and the cleaning module (4) is used for changing the water spraying direction of the water spraying module (2) and cleaning the scalpel; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the cleaning module (4) comprises an elastic plate (41) and a wiping part (42), and the elastic plate (41) and the wiping part (42) are both positioned at the upper end of the scalpel; the elastic plate (41) comprises a first fixed plate (411), a plurality of rotating plates (412) and a third spring; the first fixing plate (411) is obliquely fixed at the upper end of the inner wall of the installation box (1); one end of the rotating plate (412) is hinged with the first fixing plate (411), the other end of the rotating plate (412) is a free end, and a water receiving groove (412a) is formed in the upper end of the rotating plate (412); the width of the lower end groove of the water receiving groove (412a) is between one third and one half of the width of the upper end groove of the water receiving groove (412a), the lower end of the water receiving groove (412a) faces to the scalpel, and water in the water receiving groove (412a) is intensively flushed to the scalpel; one end of the third spring is fixedly connected with the first fixing plate (411), and the other end of the third spring is hinged with the middle part of the rotating plate (412); the wiping part (42) comprises a second fixing plate (421) and a plurality of wiping cloth strips (422), the second fixing plate (421) is obliquely fixed on the inner wall of the installation box (1), and the first fixing plate (411) and the second fixing plate (421) are alternately arranged; one end of the wiping cloth strip (422) is connected with the second fixing plate (421), the other end of the wiping cloth strip (422) is a free end, and the free end of the wiping cloth strip (422) naturally hangs down to the bottom end of the scalpel; a plurality of wiping balls (423) are arranged on the wiping cloth strip (422); a first rope is connected between the wiping ball (423) and the wiping cloth strip (422), one end of the first rope is connected with the wiping ball (423), the other end of the first rope is connected with the wiping cloth strip (422), and a plurality of pits are formed in the surface of the wiping ball (423);
the water spraying module (2) comprises a first hard hollow shaft (21), a second hard hollow shaft (22), a first bearing (23), a hollow impeller (24) and a water feeding pipe (25); the second hard hollow shaft (22) is fixed in the center of the installation box (1); the hard hollow shaft I (21) is located at the positive upper end of the hard hollow shaft II (22), a spiral impeller group I (211) and a spiral impeller group II (212) are arranged in the inner wall of the hard hollow shaft I (21), the spiral impeller group I (211) is connected with the inner wall of the hard hollow shaft I (21) into a whole, the spiral impeller group II (212) is connected with the inner wall of the hard hollow shaft I (21) into a whole, the rotating directions of the spiral impeller group I (211) and the spiral impeller group II (212) are opposite, the distance between the spiral impeller group I (211) and the spiral impeller group II (212) is at least three times of the diameter distance of the hard hollow shaft I (21), and the intermittent high-pressure water driving positive and negative rotation of the hard hollow shaft I (21) is realized; the first bearing (23) is positioned between the first hard hollow shaft (21) and the second hard hollow shaft (22), the upper end of the first bearing (23) is connected with the second hard hollow shaft (22), the lower end of the first bearing (23) is connected with the first hard hollow shaft (21), and the first hard hollow shaft (21) is communicated with the second hard hollow shaft (22); the hollow impeller (24) is installed at the top end of the first hard hollow shaft (21), the hollow impeller (24) is communicated with the first hard hollow shaft (21), and a plurality of water spraying holes (241) are formed in the edge of a blade of the hollow impeller (24); the water adding pipe (25) is positioned inside the first hard hollow shaft (21), the upper end of the water adding pipe (25) extends into the second hard hollow shaft (22), the water adding pipe (25) is in clearance fit with the second hard hollow shaft (22), and the lower end of the water adding pipe (25) is fixed in the center of the installation box (1);
the clamping adjusting module (3) comprises a clamping body (31) and a support plate (32); the clamping body (31) comprises a ring body and a plurality of brackets (311); the inner hole of the ring body is stepped, the ring body is sleeved at the upper end of the bearing I (23), and the ring body is rotatably connected with the bearing I (23); the support (311) is uniformly distributed around the ring body, one end of the support (311) is connected with the ring body into a whole, the other end of the support (311) is a free end, the free end inclines downwards by 20 degrees to 45 degrees, a plurality of handle holes are formed in the support (311), and the aperture of each handle hole is matched with the diameter of the handle (5); the support plate (32) is positioned at the lower end of the clamping body (31), the support plate (32) and the second hard hollow shaft (22) are connected into a whole, the support plate (32) is in an inverted funnel shape, and the plate surface of the support plate (32) is parallel to the support (311).
2. The medical scalpel disinfecting and sterilizing apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the support plate (32) is annularly provided with a bulge (321); the protrusion (321) is positioned right at the lower end of the handle hole, the protrusion (321) protrudes intermittently, and the protruding height of the protrusion (321) is larger than the hole depth of the handle hole.
3. The medical scalpel disinfecting and sterilizing apparatus of claim 1, wherein: a clamping unit (33) is arranged beside the handle hole, and the clamping unit (33) is used for clamping the handle (5) and changing the clamping position of the clamping handle (5); the clamping unit (33) is an annular electromagnet; the electromagnet is fixed in the clamping body (31), the end face of the electromagnet, close to the handle hole, is in an inwards concave arc shape, and the end face of the electromagnet is matched with the surface of the handle (5).
CN201810339947.3A 2018-04-16 2018-04-16 Medical scalpel disinfecting and sterilizing equipment Expired - Fee Related CN108273082B (en)

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CN110270548B (en) * 2019-07-30 2020-09-01 淮北禾获人科技有限公司 Medical scalpel belt cleaning device
CN112618766B (en) * 2021-01-19 2022-08-16 何元健 Quick degassing unit of cutter for medical treatment
CN113181391B (en) * 2021-03-28 2023-04-25 北京全景德康医学影像诊断中心有限公司 Medical treatment ultrasonic department special B ultrasonic probe disinfect box
CN118060259A (en) * 2024-04-07 2024-05-24 东莞伊豪自动化科技有限公司 Continuous cleaning device based on high-precision electrical element

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CN107096054A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-08-29 孝感市亦泓家居创意设计有限公司 A kind of rotary scalpel chlorination equipment
CN107900051A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-04-13 南昌浩牛科技有限公司 A kind of medical tubes cleaning equipment

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