CN108271632A - A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108271632A
CN108271632A CN201810045960.8A CN201810045960A CN108271632A CN 108271632 A CN108271632 A CN 108271632A CN 201810045960 A CN201810045960 A CN 201810045960A CN 108271632 A CN108271632 A CN 108271632A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cucumber
implantation methods
days
seedling
yield
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810045960.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张玉柱
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hexian Desheng Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hexian Desheng Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hexian Desheng Agriculture Development Co Ltd filed Critical Hexian Desheng Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810045960.8A priority Critical patent/CN108271632A/en
Publication of CN108271632A publication Critical patent/CN108271632A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting

Abstract

The present invention relates to vegetable cultivation fields, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield, which includes the following steps:(1) selection of land, site preparation;(2) basal dressing;(3) seed treatment;(4) nursery, field planting;(5) top dressing;(6) weeding, built;(7) leaf, topping are dredged;(8) it harvests;The implantation methods of cucumber provided by the present invention can effectively make up that cucumber yield existing for existing implantation methods is low, the defect of disease resistance difference.

Description

A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield
Technical field
The present invention relates to vegetable cultivation fields, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield.
Background technology
Cucumis Curcurbitaceae is annual to overgrow or climbs up by holding on to herbaceous plant.Stem, branch elongation, have rib ditch, by the rough bristle of white. Tendril is thin.Petiole is slightly coarse, there is rough bristle;The wide ovate of blade is heart-shaped, film quality, and sliver triangle is with teeth.Monoecism.It is edible Part is tender ovary, clear and melodious palatable, suitable for eating it raw, prepared food.
Chinese patent CN103814740A discloses a kind of implantation methods of selenium-enriched cucumber at present, and cucumber melon knob length is 2- When 3cm, melon is dipped in the sodium selenite aqueous solution of a concentration of 50-75mg/kg, dips in after melon 5-7 days with a concentration of 200-250mg/kg Sodium selenite aqueous solution smear the melon melon handle, the melon body of cucumber is dipped when dipping in melon with sodium selenite aqueous solution, young melon melon body is complete Solution 3-5 second is immersed in portion, and when smearing smears since melon handle and fruiting vine junction to cucumber direction, smears length foundation melon handle Length depending on, usually smear entire melon handle, by using sodium selenite aqueous solution dip in melon and smear melon handle, inorganic selenium is sucked And be converted into Organic Selenium and be enriched in fruit, the organic selenium content in cucumber fruits is improved, after testing, organic selenium content is more than 20 μ g/kg import production selenium-enriched cucumber by dipping in melon and smearing melon handle orientation, realize target precision variable and apply selenium element, mesh Mark property is stronger, and selenium-rich effect is more preferable, reduces the usage amount of inorganic selenium, reduces the negatively influencing to environment.
Chinese patent CN107371715A discloses a kind of implantation methods of cucumber at present, includes the following steps:A, it chooses seeds; B, preparing nursery bed;C, nursery;D, nursery period management;E, field planting in due course;F, field management;G, pest and disease damage is prevented.The implantation methods Based on decomposed organic fertilizer, pesticide residue that is environmentally protective, nuisanceless, can reducing fruit, overwintering plantation uses small water small It is fertile frequently to pour, it pours water spacer and is no more than 12 days, the nine periods day thin melon, early spring plantation needs the small fertilizer of flood frequently to pour, and interval cannot surpass 6 days, punching Primary high potash fertilizer once balance fertilizer is used alternatingly;Coordinate other field management so that yield is high, good in economic efficiency, commodity is good, Mouthfeel is good.
But the implantation methods that the prior art is provided there is also cucumber yields low, the defect of disease resistance difference.
Invention content
In view of the above problems, the present invention proposes a kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield.The present invention provides Technical solution low, the disease resistance that can make up cucumber yield existing for the implantation methods that the prior art is provided to a certain extent The defect of difference.
In order to achieve the above purpose, it is achieved by the following technical programs:
A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield, which includes the following steps:
(1) selection soil is fertile, irrigation is convenient, acid-base value is certain, and the sandy loam of melon vegetables was not planted in 2-3 Plot, preceding stubble for celery, Chinese cabbage, green onion garlic, site preparation uses zanjon high ridge, the wide 1.5-1.8m of furrow, the high 0.3m of furrow, duplicate rows It plants, strain spacing 0.3m;
(2) basal dressing in kind of planting-line, mu apply ecological organic fertilier 700-800kg, calcium superphosphate 150-200kg, ammonium nitrate 30-35kg, zinc sulfate 4-5kg;
(3) selected cucumber seeds are put into basin, seed is flooded with the water of certain temperature, kept the temperature, it is lasting to stir After 15-20min, 25 DEG C are cooled to, stops stirring, impregnates 7-8h, seed is wrapped up with wet gauze after taking-up, is placed under the conditions of 25 DEG C Vernalization;
(4) by seedbed 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid disinfectants, nursery is kept the temperature under conditions of 28-30 DEG C, seedling age is suitble to Shi Dingzhi, fine day are colonized at dusk, water of drenching before lifting, band soil field planting;
(5) when plant strain growth to 2-3 piece true leaves, start top dressing, primary every top dressing in 6-7 days, mu applies urea 4-5kg, flower Raw bran 6-8kg;
(6) in time remove field weeds, when seedling grow to a certain degree when spray a nature brown cotton, when seedling starts When taking out climing, built draws climing is carried out in time;
(7) it when cucumber plant is grown to from frame material top 15cm, pinches in time, removes old leaf, sick leaf;
(8) primary every harvesting in 2-3 days after cucumber the flowers are in blossom a period of time.
Preferably, soil pH is 6.0-7.5 in step (1).
Preferably, whipping temp is 55-60 DEG C in step (3).
Preferably, it is colonized when seedling age 15-20 days in step (4).
Preferably, brassin is sprayed when seedling grows to 3-4 pieces in step (6).
Preferably, collecting time is cucumber after the flowers are in blossom 10-12 days in step (8).
Using above-mentioned technical solution, beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:Melon vegetables was not planted in selection 2-3 Sandy loam plot, can effectively prevent vegetables disease pest endanger;Apply in base manure and contain calcium superphosphate, vegetables can be promoted It germinates, take root, is solid and ripe, ammonium nitrate is used together with calcium superphosphate, is had nitrogen fixation, is reduced the loss of nitrogen, carry High cucumber yield;Zinc sulfate can be used as zinc microelement to provide nutrition for cucumber growth, promote cucumber growth;Cucumber is broadcast live Germination percentage is low, and using 55-60 DEG C of water logging kind, stirring is then cooled to 25 DEG C, impregnates, is conducive to the germination of cucumber seeds, carries High emergence rate and survival rate;Fine day is colonized at dusk, water of drenching before lifting, band soil field planting, it is therefore prevented that seedling root damage improves The survival rate of cucumber seedling;Apply peanut press pulp when top dressing, decomposition rate is fast after burying, and easy tos produce fertilizer efficiency, and peanut press pulp is rich in phosphorus Potassium, nutrient is complete, and balance provides sufficient nutrition for cucumber growth;Brassin is sprayed, cell division can be promoted, is promoted Fruit, Delaying Leaf-Senescence improve crop quality, prevent fruit drop.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, Technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described.Based on the embodiment of the present invention, the common skill in this field The every other embodiment that art personnel are obtained without creative efforts belongs to the model that the present invention protects It encloses.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield, which includes the following steps:
(1) select soil is fertile, it is convenient to irrigate, pH do not planted in 6.0,2 years melon vegetables sandy loam ground Block, preceding stubble for celery, Chinese cabbage, green onion garlic, site preparation uses zanjon high ridge, and the wide 1.5m of furrow, the high 0.3m of furrow, duplicate rows is planted, between strain Away from 0.3m;
(2) basal dressing in kind of planting-line, mu apply ecological organic fertilier 700kg, calcium superphosphate 150kg, ammonium nitrate 30kg, sulfuric acid Zinc 4kg;
(3) selected cucumber seeds are put into basin, seed is flooded with 55 DEG C of water, kept the temperature, persistently stir 15min Afterwards, 25 DEG C are cooled to, stirring is stopped, impregnating 8h, seed, vernalization under the conditions of being placed in 25 DEG C are wrapped up with wet gauze after taking-up;
(4) by seedbed 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid disinfectants, nursery is kept the temperature under conditions of 28 DEG C, when seedling age 15 days is fixed It plants, fine day is colonized at dusk, water of drenching before lifting, band soil field planting;
(5) when plant strain growth to 3 true leaves, start top dressing, primary every top dressing in 6 days, mu applies urea 4kg, peanut press pulp 8kg;
(6) in time remove field weeds, when seedling grow to a certain degree when spray a nature brown cotton, when seedling starts When taking out climing, built draws climing is carried out in time;
(7) it when cucumber plant is grown to from frame material top 15cm, pinches in time, removes old leaf, sick leaf;
(8) cucumber is primary every harvesting in 2 days after the flowers are in blossom 10 days.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield, which includes the following steps:
(1) select soil is fertile, it is convenient to irrigate, pH do not planted in 7.5,3 years melon vegetables sandy loam ground Block, preceding stubble for celery, Chinese cabbage, green onion garlic, site preparation uses zanjon high ridge, and the wide 1.8m of furrow, the high 0.3m of furrow, duplicate rows is planted, between strain Away from 0.3m;
(2) basal dressing in kind of planting-line, mu apply ecological organic fertilier 800kg, calcium superphosphate 200kg, ammonium nitrate 35kg, sulfuric acid Zinc 5kg;
(3) selected cucumber seeds are put into basin, seed is flooded with 60 DEG C of water, kept the temperature, persistently stir 20min Afterwards, 25 DEG C are cooled to, stirring is stopped, impregnating 7h, seed, vernalization under the conditions of being placed in 25 DEG C are wrapped up with wet gauze after taking-up;
(4) by seedbed 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid disinfectants, nursery is kept the temperature under conditions of 30 DEG C, when seedling age 20 days is fixed It plants, fine day is colonized at dusk, water of drenching before lifting, band soil field planting;
(5) when plant strain growth to 2 true leaves, start top dressing, primary every top dressing in 7 days, mu applies urea 5kg, peanut press pulp 6kg;
(6) in time remove field weeds, when seedling grow to a certain degree when spray a nature brown cotton, when seedling starts When taking out climing, built draws climing is carried out in time;
(7) it when cucumber plant is grown to from frame material top 15cm, pinches in time, removes old leaf, sick leaf;
(8) cucumber is primary every harvesting in 2 days after the flowers are in blossom 12 days.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield, which includes the following steps:
(1) select soil is fertile, it is convenient to irrigate, pH do not planted in 7,2 years melon vegetables sandy loam plot, Preceding stubble for celery, Chinese cabbage, green onion garlic, site preparation uses zanjon high ridge, the wide 1.6m of furrow, the high 0.3m of furrow, duplicate rows to plant, strain spacing 0.3m;
(2) basal dressing in kind of planting-line, mu apply ecological organic fertilier 750kg, calcium superphosphate 160kg, ammonium nitrate 32kg, sulfuric acid Zinc 4kg;
(3) selected cucumber seeds are put into basin, seed is flooded with 56 DEG C of water, kept the temperature, persistently stir 16min Afterwards, 25 DEG C are cooled to, stirring is stopped, impregnating 7h, seed, vernalization under the conditions of being placed in 25 DEG C are wrapped up with wet gauze after taking-up;
(4) by seedbed 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid disinfectants, nursery is kept the temperature under conditions of 28 DEG C, when seedling age 16 days is fixed It plants, fine day is colonized at dusk, water of drenching before lifting, band soil field planting;
(5) when plant strain growth to 2 true leaves, start top dressing, primary every top dressing in 6 days, mu applies urea 4kg, peanut press pulp 7kg;
(6) in time remove field weeds, when seedling grow to a certain degree when spray a nature brown cotton, when seedling starts When taking out climing, built draws climing is carried out in time;
(7) it when cucumber plant is grown to from frame material top 15cm, pinches in time, removes old leaf, sick leaf;
(8) cucumber is primary every harvesting in 3 days after the flowers are in blossom 11 days.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield, which includes the following steps:
(1) select soil is fertile, it is convenient to irrigate, pH do not planted in 7.5,3 years melon vegetables sandy loam ground Block, preceding stubble for celery, Chinese cabbage, green onion garlic, site preparation uses zanjon high ridge, and the wide 1.8m of furrow, the high 0.3m of furrow, duplicate rows is planted, between strain Away from 0.3m;
(2) basal dressing in kind of planting-line, mu apply ecological organic fertilier 800kg, calcium superphosphate 190kg, ammonium nitrate 33kg, sulfuric acid Zinc 4kg;
(3) selected cucumber seeds are put into basin, seed is flooded with 58 DEG C of water, kept the temperature, persistently stir 20min Afterwards, 25 DEG C are cooled to, stirring is stopped, impregnating 8h, seed, vernalization under the conditions of being placed in 25 DEG C are wrapped up with wet gauze after taking-up;
(4) by seedbed 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid disinfectants, nursery is kept the temperature under conditions of 30 DEG C, when seedling age 18 days is fixed It plants, fine day is colonized at dusk, water of drenching before lifting, band soil field planting;
(5) when plant strain growth to 2 true leaves, start top dressing, primary every top dressing in 6 days, mu applies urea 4kg, peanut press pulp 6kg;
(6) in time remove field weeds, when seedling grow to a certain degree when spray a nature brown cotton, when seedling starts When taking out climing, built draws climing is carried out in time;
(7) it when cucumber plant is grown to from frame material top 15cm, pinches in time, removes old leaf, sick leaf;
(8) cucumber is primary every harvesting in 3 days after the flowers are in blossom 11 days.
The implantation methods progressive that the implantation methods of cucumber obtained by embodiment in the present invention and the prior art are provided It can test, test result is as follows:
Above example is only to illustrate the technical solution of type of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although with reference to aforementioned implementation Type of the present invention is described in detail in example, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still can be to aforementioned each Technical solution recorded in embodiment is modified or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features;And these are changed Or it replaces, the spirit and scope for each embodiment technical solution of type of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield, which is characterized in that the implantation methods include the following steps:
(1) selection soil is fertile, irrigation is convenient, acid-base value is certain, and the ground of the sandy loam of melon vegetables was not planted in 2-3 Block, preceding stubble for celery, Chinese cabbage, green onion garlic, site preparation uses zanjon high ridge, the wide 1.5-1.8m of furrow, the high 0.3m of furrow, duplicate rows to plant, Strain spacing 0.3m;
(2) basal dressing in kind of planting-line, mu apply ecological organic fertilier 700-800kg, calcium superphosphate 150-200kg, ammonium nitrate 30- 35kg, zinc sulfate 4-5kg;
(3) selected cucumber seeds are put into basin, seed is flooded with the water of certain temperature, kept the temperature, persistently stir 15- After 20min, 25 DEG C are cooled to, stops stirring, impregnates 7-8h, seed is wrapped up with wet gauze after taking-up, is urged under the conditions of being placed in 25 DEG C Bud;
(4) by seedbed 50% carbendazim, 1000 times of liquid disinfectants, nursery is kept the temperature under conditions of 28-30 DEG C, it is fixed when seedling age is suitble to It plants, fine day is colonized at dusk, water of drenching before lifting, band soil field planting;
(5) when plant strain growth to 2-3 piece true leaves, start top dressing, primary every top dressing in 6-7 days, mu applies urea 4-5kg, peanut press pulp 6-8kg;
(6) in time remove field weeds, when seedling grow to a certain degree when spray a nature brown cotton, when seedling start to take out it is climing When, built draws climing is carried out in time;
(7) it when cucumber plant is grown to from frame material top 15cm, pinches in time, removes old leaf, sick leaf;
(8) primary every harvesting in 2-3 days after cucumber the flowers are in blossom a period of time.
2. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for improving cucumber yield, which is characterized in that soil in the step (1) PH is 6.0-7.5.
3. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for improving cucumber yield, which is characterized in that stirring in the step (3) Temperature is 55-60 DEG C.
4. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for improving cucumber yield, which is characterized in that seedling age in the step (4) It is colonized at 15-20 days.
5. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for improving cucumber yield, which is characterized in that seedling in the step (6) Brassin is sprayed when length is to 3-4 pieces.
6. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for improving cucumber yield, which is characterized in that harvesting in the step (8) Time is cucumber after the flowers are in blossom 10-12 days.
CN201810045960.8A 2018-01-17 2018-01-17 A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield Pending CN108271632A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810045960.8A CN108271632A (en) 2018-01-17 2018-01-17 A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810045960.8A CN108271632A (en) 2018-01-17 2018-01-17 A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108271632A true CN108271632A (en) 2018-07-13

Family

ID=62803892

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810045960.8A Pending CN108271632A (en) 2018-01-17 2018-01-17 A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108271632A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110100664A (en) * 2019-05-01 2019-08-09 山东锋士信息技术有限公司 A kind of greenhouse cucumber standard implantation methods based on wisdom management cloud platform
CN110476732A (en) * 2019-09-13 2019-11-22 刘善勇 A kind of vegetables efficiency cultivation technology for high method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103477859A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-01-01 苏州市新巷农艺科技园 Method for planting cucumbers
CN104054489A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-24 太仓市双健农机专业合作社 Method for organically farming cucumber
CN106613191A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-05-10 曾琼 Planting method for cucumber
CN107018789A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-08-08 明光市裕阳农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
CN107211684A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-29 合肥雪立歆农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103477859A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-01-01 苏州市新巷农艺科技园 Method for planting cucumbers
CN104054489A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-24 太仓市双健农机专业合作社 Method for organically farming cucumber
CN106613191A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-05-10 曾琼 Planting method for cucumber
CN107018789A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-08-08 明光市裕阳农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
CN107211684A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-29 合肥雪立歆农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110100664A (en) * 2019-05-01 2019-08-09 山东锋士信息技术有限公司 A kind of greenhouse cucumber standard implantation methods based on wisdom management cloud platform
CN110476732A (en) * 2019-09-13 2019-11-22 刘善勇 A kind of vegetables efficiency cultivation technology for high method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104663338A (en) Planting method for paddy rice rich in selenium
CN102246645A (en) High-yield culture technology for southern potatoes planted in autumn
CN106034930A (en) Apple planting method
CN105210768A (en) The cultivation method of one planting fruit-trees garden interplanting medicine vegetables
CN104541900A (en) Planting method of peas
CN104663217A (en) Selenium-rich cultivation method for cucumbers
CN103053302A (en) Mechanical planting pattern suitable for concise melon cultivation in the open field
CN109566244A (en) A kind of oil tea implantation methods
CN106561455A (en) Konjak interplanting method
CN103814751A (en) Cultivation method for improving maturing rate and yield of liquorice seeds
CN107896863A (en) A kind of breeding method of capsicum
CN102823421B (en) High-yield cultivation method of tomato single-plant double-head seedlings
CN104686159B (en) A method of planting selenium-rich vegetables and fruits in farmland
CN109168885A (en) A kind of navel orange cultivating superior high-yield method
CN108271632A (en) A kind of implantation methods improving cucumber yield
CN105432415A (en) Planting and cultivating method for pear tree
CN108464203A (en) A kind of Snakegourd Fruit cultivating superior high-yield method
CN104920026A (en) Cultivation method of hotbed chives
CN107509514A (en) A kind of cotton and the intercropping method of peanut
CN109362461B (en) Method for planting fruit trees by root control device in facility
CN105993814A (en) Planting method for camellia oleifera
CN104303924A (en) Method for cultivating jujube in summer
CN110432060A (en) A kind of implantation methods of feeding type Moringa
CN110140608A (en) A kind of cultural method that roselle yields two crops a year
CN105325251B (en) A kind of live quick-growing cultivation method of Jatropha curcas

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20180713

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication