CN108252866A - 一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统 - Google Patents

一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统 Download PDF

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CN108252866A
CN108252866A CN201810211962.XA CN201810211962A CN108252866A CN 108252866 A CN108252866 A CN 108252866A CN 201810211962 A CN201810211962 A CN 201810211962A CN 108252866 A CN108252866 A CN 108252866A
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current energy
energy
tidal
marine tidal
spar
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施伟
周林
任政儒
由际昆
宁德志
勾莹
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Dalian University of Technology
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/25Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being an electrical generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/26Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy
    • F03B13/264Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy using the horizontal flow of water resulting from tide movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B17/00Other machines or engines
    • F03B17/06Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head"
    • F03B17/062Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head" with rotation axis substantially at right angle to flow direction
    • F03B17/063Other machines or engines using liquid flow with predominantly kinetic energy conversion, e.g. of swinging-flap type, "run-of-river", "ultra-low head" with rotation axis substantially at right angle to flow direction the flow engaging parts having no movement relative to the rotor during its rotation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/02Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor  having a plurality of rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D13/00Assembly, mounting or commissioning of wind motors; Arrangements specially adapted for transporting wind motor components
    • F03D13/20Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors
    • F03D13/25Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors specially adapted for offshore installation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/008Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with water energy converters, e.g. a water turbine
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/90Mounting on supporting structures or systems
    • F05B2240/93Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a structure floating on a liquid surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/727Offshore wind turbines

Abstract

本发明属于海洋可再生能源应用技术领域,尤其涉及一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统,以Spar平台为基础的风机、垂直轴潮流能集成的发电结构,包括Spar浮式风力发电系统和潮流能发电系统。本发明的Spar浮式风力发电系统结构简单、稳定性高、适用于中远海区域、安装简便、适用水深广。将海上风电同潮流能发电装置相结合,共用Spar平台、锚泊线、变压、输电等设备,提高了系统的发电性能,增加了发电总量,有效地利用了海洋可再生能源,降低了投资成本,加快了商业化的应用。本发明的潮流能发电系统的外部支撑采用圆柱外型,降低了波浪载荷,最大限度的利用了潮流能,同时也保证了结构的稳定性。

Description

一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统
技术领域
[0001]本发明属于海洋可再生能源应用技术领域,尤其涉及一种基于浮式风机和潮流能 装置的深海能源集成系统,是以单柱浮式平台(Spar)为基础,将风能和潮流能相结合的一 种深海能源系统。
背景技术
[0002] 海洋蕴含着丰富的可再生能源。风力发电是现在乃至未来最具可规模化和商业化 的可再生能源,海上风电是未来清洁能源发展的新方向,受到各国学者和专家的广泛关注。 发展海上风电对调整我国的能源结构、发展绿色能源和治理空气污染都具有重要意义。风 能丰富的中远海区域往往都有丰富的潮流能,而潮流能发电不受洪水、枯水等水文因素影 响,不用筑坝、机动性强,输出功率比较稳定。但是,潮流能开发环境恶劣,一次性投资大,设 备费用高,能量转化率低,安装维护和电力传输等都存在一系列技术问题,一定程度上制约 了其商业化的发展。对于海上风机而言,随着水深的增加,固定式风机的建造成本将急剧增 力口,对于水深超过60米的水域,一般均采用浮式基座,其中单柱式平台因其水线面小,通过 压载舱的作用,重心位于水面以下很深的位置,具有较好的稳性,同时其固有周期远离海洋 能量集中频带,运动稳定,安全性能好,但其造价相对较高。
[0003] 潮流能发电装置分为水平轴和垂直轴发电装置,其中垂直轴发电装置因不受来流 方向的影响,结构简单,所以应用前景十分广泛。
[0004] 将海上浮式风机与潮流能发电装置相结合,可以优势互补,有效的降低海上风力 发电成本,提高潮流能利用效率,提高整体发电系统的经济性,是解决海洋可再生能源综合 利用的有效途径。
发明内容
[0005] 本发明提供了一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统,风机装置和 潮流能装置共用支撑结构和电力运输系统。在中远海域中利用Spar平台的大浮筒和锚链建 立风能、垂直轴潮流能系统一体的集成发电系统。该系统充分利用了海洋可再生能源,提高 了垂直轴水轮机的利用效率,解决了潮流能不稳定性的缺点,降低了系统的发电总成本,提 高了风电场的整体的经济效益。
[0006] 本发明的技术方案:
[0007] 一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统,以Spar平台为基础的风 机、垂直轴潮流能集成的发电结构,包括Spar浮式风力发电系统和潮流能发电系统;
[0008] 所述的Spar浮式风力发电系统包括两台风机1、吊索2、箭头式支架3、塔筒4、Spar 平台5、锚泊线6和电力传输系统;所述的两个风机1通过箭头式支架3与塔筒4相连,两个风 机1通过吊索2相连,塔筒4与Spar平台5相连,通过三根锚泊线6分别固定在海床上;
[0009] 所述的潮流能发电机7固定在Spar平台5底部,潮流能发电机7包括外部H结构8、传 动结构9、外部支撑框架结构10、中心圆柱轴结构11和钢梁12;所述的外部H结构8有三个叶 片,三个叶片周向均匀分布;叶片通过其上的连接槽固定在展臂的槽连接口上,通过展臂与 中心圆柱轴结构11相连,尽可能提高潮流能的利用率;所述的外部支撑框架结构12通过三 个钢梁12焊接而成,外部支撑框架结构12与外部H结构8通过传动结构9相连为一体,三个叶 片与来流方向一致,不需要调整结构所在平面,实现潮流能发电。
[0010]所述的潮流能发电机7是垂直轴潮流能发电机。
[0011]本发明充分利用了Spar平台的浮筒结构,和潮流能发电装置共享支撑结构和电力 传输系统。
[0012]本发明的有益效果:
[0013] l、Spar浮式风机结构简单、稳定性高、适用于中远海区域、安装简便、适用水深广。 [00M] 2、将海上风电同潮流能发电装置相结合,共用Spar平台、锚泊线结构、变压、输电 等设备,提高了系统的发电性能,增加了发电总量,有效地利用了海洋可再生能源,降低了 投资成本,加快了商业化的应用。
[0015] 3、潮流能装置的外部支撑采用圆柱外型,降低了波浪载荷,最大限度的利用了潮 流能,同时也保证了结构的稳定性。
附图说明
[0016]图1是本发明的浮式风机和潮流能装置集成的发电系统结构图。
[0017]图2是本发明的潮流能发电装置7的结构示意图。 _8]图中:1风机;2吊索;3箭头式支架;4塔筒;5Spar平台;6锚泊线;
[0019] 7潮流能发电机;8外部H结构;9传动结构;10外部支撑框架结构;
[0020] 11中心圆柱轴结构;12钢梁。
具体实施方式
[0021]为了加深对本发明的理解,下面结合附图和技术方案,对发明作进一步说明:
[0022]图1和图2出示了本发明所述的一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成 系统的实施方式。
[0023]实施方法:风机1在风力作用下发出电能;垂直轴潮流能发电系统的外部H结构8在 来流的推动下做旋转运动,从而将潮流能转化成旋转轴的机械能,通过发电装置转化成电 能,风机1产生的电能和潮流能发电机7产生的电能汇集后,通过传输系统输送至电网,以供 陆地用户使用。
[0024] —种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统的的施工安装流程如下:首 先,利用现有的Spar平台5浮式风机施工工艺,将Spar平台5通过施工船运至指定海域,然后 将已经在岸上组装完毕的潮流能发电系统安装到Spar平台5的底部;将Spar平台5扶正,用 三个锚泊线6分别于海底海床相连,最后安装塔筒4和顶部的风机1,完成基于浮式风机和潮 流能装置的深海能源集成系统的施工安装。
[0025]本发明采用的Spar平台5基础稳定性高,安装施工简单,成本较低;风机丨和潮流能 发电机7共享一个支撑结构和电力输送配套系统,使两者有机的结合在一起,在一定程度上 降低了发电的成本,结构更加稳定,抗波浪载荷和风载荷能力显著增强,更进一步说明了本 发明的可实施性,有显著的技术性,为实现海上风力发电和潮流能集成发电系统的可规模 化和商业提供了一些建议。

Claims (2)

1.一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统,其特征在于,所述的深海能 源集成系统以Spar平台为基础的风机、垂直轴潮流能集成的发电结构,包括邰虹浮式风力 发电系统和潮流能发电系统; 所述的Spar浮式风力发电系统包括两台风机(D、吊索(2)、箭头式支架(3)、塔筒⑷、 Spar平台(5)、锚泊线(6)和电力传输系统;所述的两个风机⑴通过箭头式支架⑶与塔筒 ⑷相连,两个风机⑴通过吊索⑵相连,塔筒⑷与Spar平台⑸相连,通过三根锚泊线⑹ 分别固定在海床上; 所述的潮流能发电机(7)固定在Spar平台(5)底部,潮流能发电机(7)包括外部H结构 ⑻、传动结构⑼、外部支撑框架结构(10)、中心圆柱轴结构(11)和钢梁(12);所述的外部H 结构⑻有三个叶片,三个叶片周向均匀分布;叶片通过其上的连接槽固定在展臂的槽连接 口上,通过展臂与中圆柱轴结构(11)相连,尽可能提高潮流能的利用率;所述的外部支撑 框架结构(12)通过三个^梁(1¾焊接而成,外部支撑框架结构⑽与外部H结构⑻通过传 动结构(9)相连为一体,三个叶片与来流方向一致,不需要调整结构所在平面,实现潮流能 发电。
2.根据权利要求1所述的基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统,其特征在 于,所述的潮流能发电机(7)是垂直轴潮流能发电机。
CN201810211962.XA 2018-03-06 2018-03-06 一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统 Pending CN108252866A (zh)

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WO2019169741A1 (zh) * 2018-03-06 2019-09-12 大连理工大学 一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统

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JPH10213059A (ja) * 1997-01-31 1998-08-11 Toshio Hatakeyama 波力利用発電装置
CN105649884A (zh) * 2015-12-30 2016-06-08 扈青丽 海上风能与海洋潮流能联合发电平台
CN107542626A (zh) * 2017-09-04 2018-01-05 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 一种海上风电和垂直轴式潮流能联合发电装置
CN108252866A (zh) * 2018-03-06 2018-07-06 大连理工大学 一种基于浮式风机和潮流能装置的深海能源集成系统

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