CN108247792A - Device for modifying surface of crop straw through low-temperature plasma - Google Patents

Device for modifying surface of crop straw through low-temperature plasma Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108247792A
CN108247792A CN201810038873.XA CN201810038873A CN108247792A CN 108247792 A CN108247792 A CN 108247792A CN 201810038873 A CN201810038873 A CN 201810038873A CN 108247792 A CN108247792 A CN 108247792A
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China
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straw
main
power
roller
feed
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CN201810038873.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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周赟
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湖州华科信息咨询有限公司
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Priority to CN201810038873.XA priority Critical patent/CN108247792A/en
Publication of CN108247792A publication Critical patent/CN108247792A/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K5/00Treating of wood not provided for in groups B27K1/00, B27K3/00
    • B27K5/0015Treating of wood not provided for in groups B27K1/00, B27K3/00 by electric means
    • B27K5/002Electric discharges, plasma
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K9/00Chemical or physical treatment of reed, straw, or similar material

Abstract

The invention discloses a device for modifying the surface of crop straw through low-temperature plasma. The device comprises a low-temperature plasma gun, a bin for storing the crop straw, a variable-speed material supply device, and a power device used for driving the crop straw; and the variable-speed material supply device provides the crop straw for the power device, the rotation speed of a motor of the power device can be kept unchanged, the variable-speed material supply device clamps the crop straw at a lower rotation speed firstly and then increases the rotation speed to the work speed of the power device so as to provide the crop straw for the power device, so that the rotation speed of a motor of the power device can be kept unchanged, the starting and stopping process of the power device is omitted, and through the special material supply structure in the bin, the problem that materials cannot be continuously supplied as inconstant material supply possibly occurring in thematerial supply process in the prior art is solved.

Description

利用低温等离子体对农作物秸秆表面进行改性的装置 Means using low-temperature plasma surface modification of the straw

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及畜牧业技术领域,特别涉及一种对农作物秸秆表面进行改性的装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of animal husbandry, in particular, it relates to an apparatus for modifying the surface of the straw.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 我国是传统的农业大国,玉米秸秆资源丰富,其是工、农业生产的重要生产资源, 比如可作牲畜的粗饲料、粉碎后可作贮青饲料、可作液化发生灶、粉碎后还可作栽培食用菌。 [0002] of a traditional agricultural country, rich corn stover resources, which are industrial and agricultural production important production resources, such as can be used for animal forage, after crushing can be used for storage of green fodder, can be used for liquefaction foci after grinding may for mushroom cultivation. 另外,使用农作物秸秆还可以生产人造板产品,可暂时缓解木材供需紧张的矛盾,这对保护绿色森林资源、保护生态环境等都有重要的意义。 In addition, the use of crop straw can also produce wood-based panel products, timber supply and demand can temporarily relieve the tension of contradiction, that the protection of green forest resources, protect the ecological environment has important significance.

[0003] 然而,经研宄发现,农作物秸杆的表层存在大量的蜡质物和含硅物,交联形成了弱界面层,这严重的影响了农作物秸秆与其它材料的复合,这是采用农作物秸杆生产人造板中的主要难题之一。 [0003] However, the study based found that there is a large amount of crop straw waxy surface thereof and a silicon-containing composition, crosslinking weak boundary layer, which seriously affect the straw composite with other materials, which is employed one of the main problems of crop straw production of wood-based panels.

[0004] 有学者已发现,使用低温等离子体处理农作物秸秆的表面非常有效,不对材料本体产生破坏,还能最大程度的保留材料原有的机械性能,而且,最重要的是经处理后,明显地改善了秸秆表面的润湿性能,有利于材料的复合,如图1所示,其中,左图为未经处理的秸杆上的水滴照片,右图为经处理后的照片,可以看出农作物秸秆经低温等离子体处理后接触角明显变化,润湿性显著提高。 [0004] Some scholars have found that the use of low-temperature plasma treatment of the surface is very effective crop stalks, the body does not produce material damage, but also the greatest degree of retention of mechanical properties of the original material, and, most importantly, after treatment, significantly improves the wettability of the surface of the straw, in favor of a composite material, shown in Figure 1, wherein the water droplets left on the photo straw untreated photograph right is treated, it can be seen significant changes in contact angle after straw by low temperature plasma treatment, the wettability remarkably improved. 然而,目前的上述方案存在以下问题:需要先将秸杆解剖成板,然后再分别对其上下两面进行处理,工序繁琐。 However, the presence of the above-described embodiment of the present the following problems: the need to first anatomical straw into boards, and then were treated on its upper and lower surfaces, complicated process. 现有先直接对棒状秸杆的圆柱侧表面进行处理、环切展开后再对其另一面进行处理、然后逐层进行最终获得经处理后的板状秸秆的工艺,然而,该工艺中存在以下问题:秸秆上料时容易产生位移导致不齐,影响上料的连续性,等离子枪利用率较低,秸杆的驱动机构要经历停止、再夹紧、再启动的过程,不能进行连续生产,而且降低了驱动机构的使用寿命等。 Directly prior to the side surface of the cylindrical rod-shaped straw treated, after circumcision expand process its other side, and a plate-like layer by layer process after the final straw obtain treated, however, following the process problem: when the material prone to cause displacement of the missing straw, a lower impact on the continuity of the material, the utilization of a plasma gun, the drive mechanism to be subjected to stop the straw and is clamped, the process was started, can not be produced continuously, but also reduces the service life of the drive mechanism.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种利用低温等离子体对农作物秸杆表面进行改性的装置,包括低温等离子枪、贮存所述农作物秸秆的料仓、变速供料装置、用于驱动农作物秸秆的动力装置; [0005] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides an apparatus for surface modification of straw crops using a low temperature plasma, comprising a low-temperature plasma gun, the straw storage silo, the transmission feed means for power means for driving the straw;

[0006] 所述料仓包括仓壁和隔板,所述隔板为多个,所述隔板设置于仓壁上且相邻的隔板的延长线交叉,相邻隔板中的靠上一层的隔板在交叉处具有豁口以使所述农作物秸秆从上层移动至下层,所述料仓的底部设置有所述农作物秸秆的出口,该出口能够使得每根农作物秸秆依次排出; [0006] The magazine includes a cartridge wall and a separator, the separator is a plurality of the separator and the wall of the cartridge is provided on an extension line intersecting adjacent separator, the separator by the adjacent separator layer having a notch at an intersection so that the straw moves from the upper to the lower layer, the magazine is provided with a bottom outlet of the straw, so that each of the outlet can be sequentially discharged straw;

[0007] 所述动力装置包括动力装置的电动机、与动力装置的电动机相连的动力装置的主辊和用于夹紧所述农作物秸秆的动力装置的辅辊,所述动力装置的主親和动力装置的辅辊之间具有夹紧所述农作物秸秆的夹紧间隙,所述动力装置的主辊和动力装置的辅辊能f夹着所述农作物秸秆旋转,旋转的同时采用所述低温等离子枪对所述农作物結秆表面进行改性,所述动力装置的主辊的半径是所述农作物秸秆的半径的两倍以上;所述动力装置的主辊和辅辊均为两个; [0007] The roller power means includes a main power means connected to the motor of the motor, and the power plant and a power means for clamping said auxiliary roller power means of the straw, the main power plant and the affinity of the power plant clamping the clamping gap having a straw, the main roll and the auxiliary roll power means the power of the device can be f straw rotation therebetween, while rotating the low-temperature plasma gun employed between the auxiliary rollers the stalk crop junction surface modification, the radius of the main roller device is more than twice the power of the radius of the straw; the main roll and the auxiliary power means are two rollers;

[0008]所述变速供料装置包括变速供料电动机、与所述变速供料电动机相连的变速供料主辊和用于夹紧所述农作物秸秆的变速供料辅辊,所述变速供料主辊和变速供料辅辊之间具有夹紧所述农作物秸秆的夹紧间隙,所述变速供料主辊和变速供料辅辊能够夹着所述农作物秸杆旋转,所述动力装置的主辊与所述变速供料主辊半径相同,所述动力装置的辅辊与变速供料辅辊半径相同,所述变速供料主辊与变速供料辅辊的上下方位关系与所述动力装置的主辊和辅辊的上下方位关系相同,所述变速供料主辊与所述动力装置的主辊同轴, 所述变速供料电动机与动力装置的电动机转速范围一致; [0008] The transmission means comprises a variable speed feed rollers feed the main transmission feed motor, the feed gear connected to the motor for clamping and straw feed auxiliary roller gear shift, the shift feed main roll and a transmission having a clamping feed of the clamping gap between the secondary roller straw, the main roll and feed gear shift secondary feed roller can sandwiching said rotary straw crops, the power unit main same feed roll radius of the main roller and the supply gear, the auxiliary feed roller and the auxiliary roller radius of the power transmission apparatus for the same, the shift down feed roll and the orientation relationship of the main and auxiliary feed roller gear and the power the same vertical orientation of the main roll and the auxiliary roll relation apparatus, the main gear coaxial feed roller and the roller main power plant, said shift consistent feed motor speed range of the motor of the power device;

[0009]进一步地,所述的低温等离子枪中的低温等离子体是在次大气压下辉光放电产生,所用电极间距为8-l5mm,以氦气为处理气体,所述氦气的流量为3 • 6m3/h,所述次大气压是将体系抽真空至1700-1900Pa形成,电流为10-1(T2A,放电功率为5-10W,处理时间为3-5秒钟。 [0009] Further, the low temperature plasma gun is in the low-temperature plasma discharge is generated in the secondary atmospheric pressure glow, the electrode pitch is 8-l5mm, helium as a process gas, a helium gas flow rate of 3 • 6m3 / h, the sub-atmospheric pressure is formed in the system was evacuated to 1700-1900Pa, current is 10-1 (T2A, discharge power of 5-10W, the processing time is 3-5 seconds.

[0010]进一步地,两个所述动力装置的主辊位于同一水平线,两个所述动力装置的辅辊位于同一水平线,或者,两个所述动力装置的主辊的轴心的连接线与两个所述动力装置的辅辊的轴心的连接线交叉; [0010] Further, the two main rolls are in the same horizontal line of the power plant, the two auxiliary roll power means are at the same level, or two connection lines of the main axis of the device and the power rollers the axis of the secondary two rollers connected to the power plant lines cross;

[0011] 进一步地,所述动力装置的主辊的半径是所述农作物猜秆半径的三倍以上; [0011] Further, the radius of the main roller power means that the crop stalks guess three times the radius of the above;

[0012] 进一步地,所述农作物秸杆为玉米猜杆。 [0012] Further, the corn crop straw guess rod.

[0013] 本发明的技术方案具有下列优点: [0013] aspect of the present invention has the following advantages:

[0014] (1)通过变速供料装置向动力装置提供农作物秸杆,能够使所述动力装置的电动机的转速保持不变,先通过变速供料装置以一较低的转速夹紧农作物秸杆,再增大转速至动力装置的工作速度以向动力装置提供农作物秸杆,这就可以保持动力装置的电动机的转速不变,省去了动力装置启停的过程。 [0014] (1) provided by the transmission device to the power supply means straw crops enables the motor speed of the power means remains constant, clamping the first crop straw by the transmission means to feed a lower speed , then increase the rotational speed to the operating speed of the power plant to provide power to the apparatus crop straw, which can maintain the motor speed constant power unit, eliminating the need for start and stop of the power plant process.

[0015] (2)通过料仓中上述特殊的供料结构,解决了以往供料时可能出现的供料不齐导致不能连续供料的问题。 [0015] (2) by the bin having the special structure of the feed, the solution may occur when the conventional feed supply can cause arrhythmia continuous feeding problems.

[0016] (3)低温等离子体的产生方式有多种,本发明所用低温等离子枪中的低温等离子体是在次大气压下辉光放电产生的,并且通过设置具体的参数如所用电极间距、以氦气为处理气体且其流量为3.6m3/h、所述次大气压是将体系抽真空至1700-1900Pa形成、电流大小、放电功率以及处理时间,经以上获得的等离子体处理后明显地改善了秸秆表面的润湿性能,有利于材料的复合,接触角明显变化,润湿性显著提高。 [0016] There are ways to produce (3) a plurality of low-temperature plasma and low temperature plasma gun at sub-atmospheric low-temperature plasma is generated under the glow discharge of the present invention is used, and by setting specific parameters such as electrode spacing used to helium process gas and a flow rate of 3.6m3 / h, the sub-atmospheric pressure of the system was evacuated to 1700-1900Pa formed, the current size, discharge power, and processing time, the plasma obtained by the above process is significantly improved straw surface wetting properties, in favor of a composite material, significant changes in the contact angle, wettability significantly improved.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案和优点,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单的介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下, 还可以根据这些附图获得其它附图。 [0017] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, the accompanying drawings for describing the embodiments or the prior art are described in the brief required, be apparent in the following description the drawings are only some embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without creative efforts, can obtain other drawings based on these drawings.

[0018] 图1是秸秆表面低温等离子体处理前后水滴的润湿,其中,左图为未经处理的稻秆上的水滴照片,右图为经处理后的照片; [0018] FIG. 1 is a low surface wettability drop straw before and after the plasma treatment, the rice straw wherein droplets photograph, is left untreated, the treated right picture shows photographs;

[0019] 图2是本发明实施例一的整体图; [0019] FIG. 2 is an overall view of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0020] 图3是本发明实施例一的料仓图; [0020] FIG. 3 is a diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, FIG silo;

[0021] 图4是本发明实施例一的动力装置的结构; [0021] FIG 4 is a configuration diagram of a power unit of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0022] 图5是本发明实施例二的动力装置的结构。 [0022] FIG 5 is a configuration of the power unit according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

[0023] 附图标号说明: [0023] Reference numerals:

[0024] 1、低温等离子枪;2、动力装置;3、变速供料装置;4、料仓;50-53、农作物秸秆;6、稻杆推进装置;7、仓壁;8、隔板;9、拨爪;10、豁口; 11、出口; 21、动力装置的主辊;22、动力装置的辅辊。 [0024] 1, low temperature plasma gun; 2, the power unit; 3, the transmission feed means; 4, hopper; 50-53, straw; 6, rice straw propulsion device; 7, the cartridge wall; 8, a separator; 9, finger; 10, gap; 11, outlet; 21, the power unit main roller; 22, auxiliary roll power plant.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0025]下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0025] below in conjunction with the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments example. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动的前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments to those of ordinary skill in the premise without making creative efforts shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0026] 实施例一: [0026] Example a:

[0027] 请参见图2-4,本发明提供了一种利用低温等离子体对农作物秸秆表面进行改性的装置,包括低温等离子枪1、用于驱动农作物秸秆的动力装置2、变速供料装置3、贮存所述农作物秸秆的料仓4、秸秆推进装置6、拨爪9; [0027] Referring to FIG 2-4, the present invention provides an apparatus for modifying the surface of straw with cold plasma, comprising a low temperature plasma torch 1, a power unit 2 for driving the straw, the transmission feed means 3, the storage silo 4 straw, straw propulsion device 6, finger 9;

[0028]所述料仓4包括仓壁7和隔板8,所述隔板8为多个,所述隔板8设置于仓壁7上且相邻的隔板的延长线交叉,相邻隔板中的靠上一层的隔板在交叉处具有豁口10以使所述农作物秸秆从上层移动至下层,所述料仓4的底部设置有所述农作物秸杆的出口11,该出口11能够使得每根农作物秸秆依次排出; [0028] The magazine 4 includes a cartridge 8 and the partition wall 7, the partition plate 8 is a plurality of the partition plate 8 disposed on the extension line of the silo wall and adjacent separator 7 intersect, the adjacent against the upper spacer layer 10 having a notch at the intersection of the separator so that the straw moves from the upper layer to the lower layer, the magazine is provided with a bottom 4 of the crop straw outlet 11, the outlet 11 so that each can be sequentially discharged straw;

[0029]所述动力装置包括动力装置的电动机、与动力装置的电动机相连的动力装置的主辊21和用于夹紧所述农作物秸杆的动力装置的辅辊22,所述动力装置的主辊21和动力装置的辅辊22之间具有夹紧所述农作物秸杆的夹紧间隙,所述动力装置的主辊21和动力装置的辅辊22能够夹着所述农作物秸秆旋转,旋转的同时采用所述低温等离子枪1对所述农作物秸秆表面进行改性,所述动力装置的主辊21的半径是所述农作物秸杆的半径的两倍以上; 所述动力装置的主辊21和辅辊22均为两个; [0029] The roller power means includes a main power unit connected to a main motor of the motor, the power unit of the power plant, the power plant 21 and the power means for clamping said crop straw secondary roller 22 having between the secondary roller 22 and the roller 21 of the clamping device of the power crop straw clamping gap, the main roller 22 and auxiliary power unit 21 and power rollers capable of sandwiching means of the straw, the rotation of the the low temperature plasma while using the straw gun 1 is modified surface, the radius of the main roller 21 of the power plant is more than twice the radius of the straw crop; a main roll 21 and the power unit 22 are two auxiliary rollers;

[0030]所述的低温等离子枪中的低温等离子体是在次大气压下辉光放电产生,所用电极间距为8-15mm,以氦气为处理气体,所述氦气的流量为3.6m3/h,所述次大气压是将体系抽真空至1700-1900Pa形成,电流为l〇-l(T2A,放电功率为5-10W,处理时间为3-5秒钟。 [0030] The low temperature of the low temperature plasma is a discharge plasma generated in the gun at atmospheric pressure glow times, the electrode pitch of 8-15mm, helium as a process gas, a helium gas flow rate of 3.6m3 / h the sub-atmospheric pressure is formed in the system was evacuated to 1700-1900Pa, current l〇-l (T2A, discharge power of 5-10W, the processing time is 3-5 seconds.

[0031]所述变速供料装置包括变速供料电动机、与所述变速供料电动机相连的变速供料主辊和用于夹紧所述农作物秸杆的变速供料辅辊,所述变速供料主辊和变速供料辅辊之间具有夹紧所述农作物秸杆的夹紧间隙,所述变速供料主辊和变速供料辅辊能够夹着所述农作物秸秆旋转,所述动力装置的主辊与所述变速供料主辊半径相同,所述动力装置的辅辊与变速供料辅辊半径相同,所述变速供料主辊与变速供料辅辊的上下方位关系与所述动力装置的主辊和辅辊的上下方位关系相同,所述变速供料主辊与所述动力装置的主辊同轴, 所述变速供料电动机与动力装置的电动机转速范围一致;两个所述动力装置的主辊位于同一水平线,两个所述动力装置的辅辊位于同一水平线。 [0031] The transmission means comprises a variable speed feed rollers feed the main transmission feed motor, the feed gear connected to the motor and for clamping said crop straw feed auxiliary roller gear shift, the shift for having between the feed rollers and the speed of the main and auxiliary feed rollers clamping the clamping gap crop straw, the main roll and the feed gear shift secondary feed roller can sandwiching said rotary straw, said power means the main feed roller and the main roller shifting the same radius, the auxiliary feed roller and the auxiliary roller for the same radius of the power transmission device, the transmission main feed roller vertical orientation relationship with the secondary feed roller gear and the the same vertical orientation of the main roll and the auxiliary roll power plant relationship, coaxially with the main gear feed roller and the roller main power plant, said shift consistent feed motor speed range of the motor of the power unit; the two said main roller power means are at the same level, the two auxiliary rollers located on the same horizontal line power means.

[0032]实施例二: [0032] Example II:

[0033]请参见图5,与实施例一不同之处在于,两个所述动力装置的主辊的轴心的连接线与两个所述动力装置的辅辊的轴心的连接线交叉,所述动力装置的主辊的半径是所述农作物秸杆半径的三倍以上,其余内容相同。 [0033] Referring to FIG. 5, the first embodiment except that the secondary axis of the roller axis of the two main roll line and power means connected to said power means connected to two lines intersect, the radius of the main roll is more than three times the power means the radius of crop straw, the same rest.

[0034]以上所述是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也视为本发明的保护范围。 [0034] The above embodiment is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art who, without departing from the principles of the present invention, can make various improvements and modifications, such modifications and retouch protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. 一种利用低温等离子体对农作物秸杆表面进行改性的装置,包括低温等离子枪、贮存所述农作物秸秆的料仓、变速供料装置、用于驱动农作物秸秆的动力装置;所述料仓包括仓壁和隔板,所述隔板为多个,所述隔板设置于仓壁上且相邻的隔板的延长线交叉,相邻隔板中的靠上一层的隔板在交叉处具有豁口以使所述农作物稻秆从上层移动至下层,所述料仓的底部设置有所述农作物秸秆的出口,该出口能够使得每根农作物秸秆依次排出;所述动力装置包括动力装置的电动机、与动力装置的电动机相连的动力装置的主辊和用于夹紧所述农作物秸杆的动力装置的辅辊,所述动力装置的主辊和动力装置的辅辊之间具有夹紧所述农作物秸秆的夹紧间隙,所述动力装置的主辊和动力装置的辅辊能够夹着所述农作物秸杆旋转,旋转的同时采用所述低温等离子枪对所 1. An apparatus for modifying surfaces of crop straw with cold plasma, comprising a low-temperature plasma gun, the straw storage silo, the shift supply means, the power means for driving the straw; the material cartridge comprises a cartridge wall and a separator, the separator is a plurality of the partition plate is provided in the wall of the cartridge and adjacent intersecting an extension line of the separator, the separator adjacent to the upper layer by the separator having a notch at the intersection of the crop rice straw to move from the upper layer to the lower layer, the magazine is provided with a bottom outlet of the straw, so that each of the outlet can be sequentially discharged straw; said power means includes a power means main roller power means connected to the motor of the motor, the power means and the power means for clamping said auxiliary crop straw roll, having a clamping rollers between the main roller and the auxiliary power means said power means the clamping gap of the straw, the auxiliary roller main roll and said power means said power means is capable of sandwiching straw crop rotation, the use of low temperature while rotating the plasma torch of their 述农作物秸杆表面进行改性,所述动力装置的主辊的半径是所述农作物秸秆的半径的两倍以上;所述动力装置的主辊和辅辊均为两个,所述变速供料装置包括变速供料电动机、与所述变速供料电动机相连的变速供料主辊和用于夹紧所述农作物秸秆的变速供料辅辊,所述变速供料主辊和变速供料辅辊之间具有夹紧所述农作物秸秆的夹紧间隙,所述变速供料主辊和变速供料辅辊能够夹着所述农作物秸秆旋转,所述动力装置的主辊与所述变速供料主辊半径相同,所述动力装置的辅辊与变速供料辅辊半径相同,所述变速供料主辊与变速供料辅辊的上下方位关系与所述动力装置的主辊和辅辊的上下方位关系相同,所述变速供料主辊与所述动力装置的主辊同轴,所述变速供料电动机与动力装置的电动机转速范围一致。 Said crop straw modify the surface, the radius of the main roller device is more than twice the power of the radius of the straw; main roll and said auxiliary roll are two power means, the shift feed feed means comprises a variable speed motor and the variable speed electric motor connected to the transmission feed supply for clamping said main roll and straw feed auxiliary roller gear shift, the shift and the shift feed roller main and auxiliary feed roller clamping between said straw having a clamping gap, said main roll and feed gear shift auxiliary feed roller is sandwiched between the rotating crop stalks, main feed roller and the gear of the main power unit the same as the radius of the roller, the secondary roller and the secondary feed roller for the same radius of the power transmission device, the transmission main roller and the secondary feed roller vertical orientation relationship with the main roll feed auxiliary roller transmission of the power down means same orientation relationship, coaxially with the main gear feed roller and the roller main power plant, said shift consistent feed motor speed range of the motor of the power device.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的利用低温等离子体对农作物秸秆表面进行改性的装置,其特征在于,所述的低温等离子枪中的低温等离子体是在次大气压下辉光放电产生,所用电极间距为8-15mm,以氦气为处理气体,所述氦气的流量为3.6m3/h,所述次大气压是将体系抽真空至1700-1900Pa形成,电流为10_4-l〇_2A,放电功率为5-10W,处理时间为3-5秒钟。 The low temperature plasma apparatus according to a modification of the surface of the straw, characterized in that said low-temperature low-temperature plasma ion gun is at sub-atmospheric pressure in the discharge glow, as claimed in claim electrode 8-15mm pitch, helium as a process gas, a helium gas flow rate of 3.6m3 / h, the sub-atmospheric pressure is formed in the system was evacuated to 1700-1900Pa, current-l〇_2A 10_4, discharge power of 5-10W, processing time is 3-5 seconds.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的利用低温等离子体对农作物秸秆表面进行改性的装置,其特征在于,两个所述动力装置的主辊位于同一水平线,两个所述动力装置的辅辊位于同一水平线。 The low temperature plasma apparatus according to a modification of the surface of the straw, characterized in that the two main rolls power means are at the same level, two of said auxiliary rolls positioned power unit as claimed in claim the same horizontal line.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的利用低温等离子体对农作物秸杆表面进行改性的装置,其特征在于,两个所述动力装置的主辊的轴心的连接线与两个所述动力装置的辅辊的轴心的连接线交叉。 The low temperature plasma apparatus according to a modification of the surface of the straw crops, characterized in that the two axis of the main roll line and a power means connected to the power plant as claimed in claim two secondary roll axis connecting lines intersect.
5.根据权利要求1-4任一项所述的利用低温等离子体对农作物秸秆表面进行改性的装置,其特征在于,所述动力装置的主辊的半径是所述农作物秸秆半径的三倍以上。 The use of any one of claims 1-4 low-temperature plasma apparatus for modifying the surface of crop stalks, characterized in that the radius of the main roll is three times the power plant of claim radius straw the above.
6.根据权利要求1-4任一项所述的利用低温等离子体对农作物秸杆表面进行改性的装置,其特征在于,所述所述农作物秸秆为玉米秸秆。 6. The apparatus of straw crops using a low temperature plasma surface modification of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein said straw is corn stover.
CN201810038873.XA 2018-01-16 2018-01-16 Device for modifying surface of crop straw through low-temperature plasma CN108247792A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0203790A2 (en) * 1985-05-31 1986-12-03 The University of Nottingham Improvements relating to the utilisation of plant protoplasts
JP2001122896A (en) * 2000-09-11 2001-05-08 Hollywood Kk Millet protein composition having raising action on concentration of hdl-cholesterol in plasma
CN1709664A (en) * 2005-07-12 2005-12-21 南京林业大学 Method for improving glue performance of crop straw and urea resin interface using plasma
CN2918002Y (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-07-04 招燕萍 Landscape orientation combined type roller coating apparatus
US20130126332A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2013-05-23 Foret Plasma Labs, Llc Plasma whirl reactor apparatus and methods of use
CN107142764A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-08 郑州职业技术学院 Pretreatment method of crop straw and device thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0203790A2 (en) * 1985-05-31 1986-12-03 The University of Nottingham Improvements relating to the utilisation of plant protoplasts
JP2001122896A (en) * 2000-09-11 2001-05-08 Hollywood Kk Millet protein composition having raising action on concentration of hdl-cholesterol in plasma
US20130126332A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2013-05-23 Foret Plasma Labs, Llc Plasma whirl reactor apparatus and methods of use
CN1709664A (en) * 2005-07-12 2005-12-21 南京林业大学 Method for improving glue performance of crop straw and urea resin interface using plasma
CN2918002Y (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-07-04 招燕萍 Landscape orientation combined type roller coating apparatus
CN107142764A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-08 郑州职业技术学院 Pretreatment method of crop straw and device thereof

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