CN108224428A - A kind of waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108224428A
CN108224428A CN201711454954.XA CN201711454954A CN108224428A CN 108224428 A CN108224428 A CN 108224428A CN 201711454954 A CN201711454954 A CN 201711454954A CN 108224428 A CN108224428 A CN 108224428A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
recovering apparatus
energy recovering
hole
flase floor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711454954.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王红涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Maritime Institute
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Maritime Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Maritime Institute filed Critical Jiangsu Maritime Institute
Priority to CN201711454954.XA priority Critical patent/CN108224428A/en
Publication of CN108224428A publication Critical patent/CN108224428A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B1/00Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method
    • F22B1/02Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method by exploitation of the heat content of hot heat carriers
    • F22B1/18Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method by exploitation of the heat content of hot heat carriers the heat carrier being a hot gas, e.g. waste gas such as exhaust gas of internal-combustion engines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/46Recuperation of heat
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/022Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material for removing solid particulate material from the gasflow

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of waste incinerators with heat-energy recovering apparatus, waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus includes active carbon slab, water inlet coil pipe, water tank, furnace body, flase floor, through hole, air inlet hole, slag-drip opening, heat-energy recovering apparatus, inlet channel, garbage throw-in port and steam output pipe, the furnace body is internally provided with flase floor, for support rubbish to be combusted, the through-hole on flase floor can leak down the ashes after burning simultaneously, convenient for ash discharge from below, garbage throw-in port and through hole are opened up respectively on furnace wall above flase floor, the flame projector of installation connection fuel tank at through hole.The invention of this hair is by the way that the high-temperature flue gas that active carbon slab, screen and water inlet coil pipe respectively export furnace body is cooled down, depositing dust and pernicious gas absorb, so as to fulfill the waste incineration of clean environment firendly.

Description

A kind of waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of garbage disposal, more particularly, to a kind of waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus.
Background technology
Waste incineration makes rubbish be subtracted by the oxidation under high temperature by reactions such as appropriate thermal decomposition, burning, meltings Hold, become the process of residue or molten solids substance.Waste incineration facility must be equipped with fume treatment facility, prevent a huge sum of money Category, organic pollutant etc. are discharged into surrounding medium again.The heat that waste incineration generates is recycled, can reach changing waste into resources Purpose.
Existing waste incineration mode is usually that simple incinerator of being sent into is burned, and is only recycled aflame remaining Heat, but still have a large amount of pernicious gas and granule dust enters air, it is extremely serious to atmosphere pollution.
Although said program solves the deficiencies in the prior art to a certain extent, flue gas pollutant can be reduced, While abundant recovery waste heat, global design is reasonable not enough.
Invention content
Regarding the issue above, the present invention provides one kind can reduce flue gas pollutant, while fully more than recycling The waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus of heat.
In order to achieve the above objectives, present invention employs following technical proposals:Waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus Including active carbon slab, water inlet coil pipe, water tank, furnace body, flase floor, through hole, air inlet hole, slag-drip opening, heat-energy recovering apparatus, Inlet channel, garbage throw-in port and steam output pipe, the furnace body is internally provided with flase floor, to be combusted for support Rubbish, while the through-hole on flase floor can leak down the ashes after burning, convenient for ash discharge from below, the stove above flase floor Garbage throw-in port and through hole are opened up on wall respectively, the flame projector of connection fuel tank, the flase floor lower section are installed at through hole Furnace wall on offer the air inlet holes of multiple connection air blowers, be fixedly connected in the furnace body above the flase floor by connecting rod Water tank, and one end of the top filler of water tank connection water inlet coil pipe, water inlet coil pipe are distributed in the flue of furnace body bottom In, the inlet channel outside the other end connection for coil pipe of intaking, the overhead vapor outlet connection steam output pipe of water tank;Institute The active carbon slab of bottom smoke outlet installation of furnace body is stated, the surface of active carbon slab offers cellular through-hole;The lattice Heat-energy recovering apparatus is provided in furnace body below screen, outlet is provided on the side wall of heat-energy recovering apparatus, and thermal energy returns The top surface least significant end of receiving apparatus is located at the slag-drip opening that furnace body bottom sides open up.
In the above-mentioned waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus, the flase floor is obliquely installed, and through hole and Garbage throw-in port is divided into above the minimum point of flase floor and peak.
In the above-mentioned waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus, the water tank is spherical shape.
It is solid in the flue inner wall below the activity carbon slab in the above-mentioned waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus Surely multiple inclined screens are connected.
In the above-mentioned waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus, the cross-sectional area of the heat-energy recovering apparatus is less than The cross-sectional area of furnace body bottom.
In the above-mentioned waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus, the top-side of the heat-energy recovering apparatus and bottom Portion side connects steam output pipe and inlet channel respectively.
Compared with prior art, the advantages of waste incinerator for originally carrying heat-energy recovering apparatus, is:This practicality passes through Active carbon slab, screen and water inlet coil pipe respectively cool down to the high-temperature flue gas of furnace body output, depositing dust and pernicious gas absorb, So as to fulfill the waste incineration of clean environment firendly, while this practicality can fully absorb waste heat.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of active carbon slab;
In figure, active carbon slab 1, screen 2, water inlet coil pipe 3, water tank 4, furnace body 5, flase floor 6, through hole 7, air inlet hole 8, row Cinder notch 9, heat-energy recovering apparatus 10, inlet channel 11, garbage throw-in port 12, steam output pipe 13.
Specific embodiment
Following embodiment only exists in illustrative purpose, is limited the scope of the invention without being intended to.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figs. 1-2, this waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus include active carbon slab 1, screen 2, water inlet coil pipe 3, Water tank 4, furnace body 5, flase floor 6, through hole 7, air inlet hole 8, slag-drip opening 9, heat-energy recovering apparatus 10, inlet channel 11, rubbish Rubbish dispensing port 12 and steam output pipe 13, the furnace body 5 are internally provided with flase floor 6, for support rubbish to be combusted Rubbish, while the through-hole on flase floor 6 can leak down the ashes after burning, convenient for ash discharge from below, the furnace wall of 6 top of flase floor It is upper to open up garbage throw-in port 12 and through hole 7 respectively, the flame projector of connection fuel tank is installed, by flame projector not at through hole 7 Disconnected injection thermal-flame by waste incineration totally;
The flase floor 6 is obliquely installed, and through hole 7 and garbage throw-in port 12 divide for the minimum point and highest positioned at flase floor 6 Point top, by can be spread out under self gravitation effect, while through hole 7 sprays obliquely after being obliquely installed rubbish entrance Fire so that the active area bigger of flame improves efficiency of combustion.
The air inlet hole 8 of multiple connection air blowers is offered on the furnace wall of 6 lower section of flase floor, for input air in Portion helps to burn.
Water tank 4 is fixedly connected with by connecting rod in the furnace body 5 of 6 top of flase floor, water tank 4 is spherical shape, so as to It is maximized in the contact area of high-temperature flue gas, and one end of the top filler of water tank 4 connection water inlet coil pipe 3, water inlet plate Pipe 3 is distributed in the flue of 5 bottom of furnace body, the inlet channel 11 outside the other end connection of water inlet coil pipe 3, so as to fulfill cigarette The utilization of gas waste heat, while the overhead vapor outlet of water tank 4 connects outside need by steam output pipe 13 and supplies steam Place;The active carbon slab 1 of bottom smoke outlet installation of the furnace body 5, active 1 surface of carbon slab offers cellular logical Hole maximumlly removes peculiar smell and harmful substance in flue gas using the adsorption capacity of activated carbon.
Multiple inclined screens 2 are fixedly connected in the flue inner wall of 1 lower section of activity carbon slab, pass through the blocking of screen 2 So that particulate matter is more collided and fallen, reduce the discharge of particulate matter.
Heat-energy recovering apparatus 10 is provided in the furnace body 5 of 6 lower section of the flase floor, on the side wall of heat-energy recovering apparatus 10 Outlet is provided with, and the top surface least significant end of heat-energy recovering apparatus 10 is located at the slag-drip opening 9 that 5 bottom sides of furnace body open up, institute The cross-sectional area for stating heat-energy recovering apparatus 10 is less than the cross-sectional area of 5 bottom of furnace body, is absorbed by heat-energy recovering apparatus 10 remaining Heat in cinder realizes recycling, while so that deslagging is safer at slag-drip opening 9, scald event will not occur, the thermal energy returns The top-side and bottom sides of receiving apparatus 10 connect steam output pipe 13 and inlet channel 11 respectively, defeated so as to fulfill steam Go out and enter with cold water.
Although active carbon slab 1, screen 2, water inlet coil pipe 3, water tank 4, furnace body 5, flase floor is used more herein 6th, through hole 7, air inlet hole 8, slag-drip opening 9, heat-energy recovering apparatus 10, inlet channel 11, garbage throw-in port 12 and steam output pipe 13 grade terms of road, but it does not preclude the possibility of using other terms.The use of these items is only for more easily describe With the essence for explaining the present invention;Any one of the additional limitations is construed as all to disagree with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus, the waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus includes living Property carbon slab (1), water inlet coil pipe (3), water tank (4), furnace body (5), flase floor (6), through hole (7), air inlet hole (8), deslagging Mouth (9), heat-energy recovering apparatus (10), inlet channel (11), garbage throw-in port (12) and steam output pipe (13), the stove sheet Body (5) is internally provided with flase floor (6), which is characterized in that opens up garbage throw-in port respectively on the furnace wall above flase floor (6) (12) and through hole (7), at through hole (7) installation connection fuel tank flame projector, open on the furnace wall below the flase floor (6) Equipped with multiple air inlet holes (8) for connecting air blowers, it is fixedly connected in the furnace body (5) above the flase floor (6) by connecting rod Water tank (4), and one end of the top filler of water tank (4) connection water inlet coil pipe (3), water inlet coil pipe (3) are distributed in stove sheet In the flue of body (5) bottom, the inlet channel (11) outside the other end connection of water inlet coil pipe (3), the top of water tank (4) is steamed Vapor outlet connection steam output pipe (13);The active carbon slab (1) of bottom smoke outlet installation of the furnace body (5), activity The surface of carbon slab (1) offers cellular through-hole;Thermal energy recycling is provided in furnace body (5) below the flase floor (6) Device (10) is provided with outlet, and the top surface least significant end position of heat-energy recovering apparatus (10) on the side wall of heat-energy recovering apparatus (10) At the slag-drip opening (9) opened up in furnace body (5) bottom sides.
2. the waste incinerator according to claim 1 with heat-energy recovering apparatus, which is characterized in that the flase floor (6) it is obliquely installed, and through hole (7) and garbage throw-in port (12) are divided into above the minimum point of flase floor (6) and peak.
3. the waste incinerator according to claim 1 with heat-energy recovering apparatus, which is characterized in that the water tank (4) it is spherical shape.
4. the waste incinerator according to claim 1 with heat-energy recovering apparatus, which is characterized in that the activity carbon slab (1) multiple inclined screens (2) are fixedly connected in the flue inner wall below.
5. the waste incinerator according to claim 1 with heat-energy recovering apparatus, which is characterized in that the thermal energy recycling The cross-sectional area of device (10) is less than the cross-sectional area of furnace body (5) bottom.
6. the waste incinerator of heat-energy recovering apparatus is carried according to claim 1 or 5, which is characterized in that the thermal energy The top-side and bottom sides of retracting device (10) connect steam output pipe (13) and inlet channel (11) respectively.
CN201711454954.XA 2017-12-28 2017-12-28 A kind of waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus Pending CN108224428A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711454954.XA CN108224428A (en) 2017-12-28 2017-12-28 A kind of waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711454954.XA CN108224428A (en) 2017-12-28 2017-12-28 A kind of waste incinerator with heat-energy recovering apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108224428A true CN108224428A (en) 2018-06-29

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111156525A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-15 陈宁 Garbage incineration device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2636951A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-11 Flare Industries, LLC Apparatus and method for flaring waste gas
CN205065730U (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-03-02 淄博市技师学院 Energy -concerving and environment -protective waste incinerator
CN206018635U (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-03-15 张辉 A kind of incinerator of high combustion efficiency
CN206593110U (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-10-27 江苏海事职业技术学院 A kind of garbage combustion device of clean environment firendly

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2636951A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-11 Flare Industries, LLC Apparatus and method for flaring waste gas
CN205065730U (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-03-02 淄博市技师学院 Energy -concerving and environment -protective waste incinerator
CN206018635U (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-03-15 张辉 A kind of incinerator of high combustion efficiency
CN206593110U (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-10-27 江苏海事职业技术学院 A kind of garbage combustion device of clean environment firendly

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111156525A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-15 陈宁 Garbage incineration device

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Application publication date: 20180629