CN108223584A - 组成部件和组成部件的制造方法 - Google Patents

组成部件和组成部件的制造方法 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108223584A
CN108223584A CN201711230012.3A CN201711230012A CN108223584A CN 108223584 A CN108223584 A CN 108223584A CN 201711230012 A CN201711230012 A CN 201711230012A CN 108223584 A CN108223584 A CN 108223584A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
region
bearing
salvage
ceramic
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711230012.3A
Other languages
English (en)
Inventor
弗朗茨·里格勒
奥斯卡·绍埃普
Original Assignee
斯凯孚公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102016224595.3 priority Critical
Priority to DE102016224595 priority
Priority to DE102017200959.4 priority
Priority to DE102017200959.4A priority patent/DE102017200959A1/de
Application filed by 斯凯孚公司 filed Critical 斯凯孚公司
Publication of CN108223584A publication Critical patent/CN108223584A/zh

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C33/00Parts of bearings; Special methods for making bearings or parts thereof
    • F16C33/30Parts of ball or roller bearings
    • F16C33/34Rollers; Needles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D53/00Making other particular articles
    • B21D53/10Making other particular articles parts of bearings; sleeves; valve seats or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B23/00Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material; Production of reinforced objects
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C17/00Sliding-contact bearings for exclusively rotary movement
    • F16C17/02Sliding-contact bearings for exclusively rotary movement for radial load only
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C33/00Parts of bearings; Special methods for making bearings or parts thereof
    • F16C33/02Parts of sliding-contact bearings
    • F16C33/04Brasses; Bushes; Linings
    • F16C33/043Sliding surface consisting mainly of ceramics, cermets or hard carbon, e.g. diamond like carbon [DLC]
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2206/00Materials with ceramics, cermets, hard carbon or similar non-metallic hard materials as main constituents
    • F16C2206/40Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2206/00Materials with ceramics, cermets, hard carbon or similar non-metallic hard materials as main constituents
    • F16C2206/40Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal
    • F16C2206/42Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal based on ceramic oxides
    • F16C2206/44Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal based on ceramic oxides based on aluminium oxide (Al2O3)
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2206/00Materials with ceramics, cermets, hard carbon or similar non-metallic hard materials as main constituents
    • F16C2206/40Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal
    • F16C2206/42Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal based on ceramic oxides
    • F16C2206/48Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal based on ceramic oxides based on zirconia (ZrO2)
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2206/00Materials with ceramics, cermets, hard carbon or similar non-metallic hard materials as main constituents
    • F16C2206/40Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal
    • F16C2206/56Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal based on ceramic carbides, e.g. silicon carbide (SiC)
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2206/00Materials with ceramics, cermets, hard carbon or similar non-metallic hard materials as main constituents
    • F16C2206/40Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal
    • F16C2206/58Ceramics, e.g. carbides, nitrides, oxides, borides of a metal based on ceramic nitrides
    • F16C2206/60Silicon nitride (Si3N4)l

Abstract

本发明涉及一种组成部件,特别是轴承组成部件,包括与所述组成部件的所有表面间隔开地设置的至少一个区域。提出的是,所述区域包括回收材料。

Description

组成部件和组成部件的制造方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及根据技术方案1的前序部分的组成部件(component)。
背景技术
[0002] 已知被构造为滚动轴承的球/滚子的组成部件。球/滚子由非回收陶瓷 (unrecycled ceramic)构成。
[0003] 由车轮的生产己知用蛭石(vermiculite)填充铝合金车轮。从而节省成本和重量。
发明内容
[0004] 本发明的目的特别在于实现高效率。该目的通过本专利技术方案1的特征而创造 性地实现,而本发明的有利设计和进一步发展可以由从属技术方案得到。
[0005] 本发明涉及一种组成部件,包括与所述组成部件的所有表面间隔开地设置的至少 一个区域。
[0006] 提出的是,所述区域包括回收材料。“回收材料”尤其应被理解为是指:已经至少部 分地是已经在用的设备或机器的组成部件的一部分的材料,其中在使用之后,所述组成部 件已被至少部分地拆除和/或破坏以便提取材料。使用本发明的设计,能够实现高效率。特 别地,尤其是对于高数量和/或中大型组成部件尺寸而言,能够实现具有成本效益的组成部 件。
[0007] 作为一些有利的选择,所述回收材料为陶瓷材料。所述回收材料包括氮化硅和/或 赛隆(sialon)和/或碳化娃、和/或含有(comprises)至少一种氧化物和/或氧化锅和/或氧 化锆的陶瓷材料。所述组成部件包括另外的区域(further region),所述另外的区域包括 非回收材料,并且所述另外的区域形成了所述组成部件的至少一个表面区域。所述非回收 材料包括氮化硅和/或赛隆和/或碳化硅、和/或含有(comprises)至少一种氧化物和/或氧 化铝和/或氧化锆的陶瓷材料。所述组成部件是滚动轴承组成部件或滑动轴承组成部件或 用于线滚动(wire rolling)的滚子(roller)。所述组成部件是滚动体、或包括了滑动轴承 的表面的组成部件、和/或轴承的圈。
[000S]本发明还涉及一种方法,包括组成部件(包括了组成部件的方法),所述组成部件 至少进行(carries out)滑动接触和/或至少进行一个滚动接触。
[0009]本发明还涉及组成部件的制造方法,将包括了回收材料的部件设置在冲压工具(/ 挤压工具)(press tool)的特别是中央的一个区域内,并使所述部件至少部分地被包括了 陶瓷材料的粉末包围(surrounded),随后使用所述冲压工具(/挤压工具)进行冲压(/挤压) (pressing) 〇
附图说明
[0010]另外的优点由以下示例性实施方式的说明得出。说明书和权利要求书包含许多特 征组合。本领域技术人员还将有利地考虑单个特征和另有意义的组合。
具体实施方式 _1] Jt据-个示讎实施方式,本发明的轴承组成部件(bearing c⑽p〇nent)被构造 为圆柱滚子轴承的圆柱滚子。圆拄滚子包括第一区域和第二区域。第一区域具有圆柱形状 并且先全被第一区域包围。因而圆柱滚子的表面完全由第二区域形成。第一区域包括回收 材料(recycled material),该回收材料为陶瓷材料并且由回收的氮化硅构成。回收的氮化 石圭包含与非回收的氮化娃的杂质不同的杂质。第二区域包括非回收材料(unrecycled material),特别是非回收(的)氮化娃。
[0012] 在用于制造圆柱滚子(roll)的方法中,首先成形(shaped)第一区域,然后将第一 区域设置在冲压工具(press tool)的中心区域中,其中第一区域被粉末包围,在在冲压工 具中发生的将粉末与第一区域一起冲压(/挤压)(pressing)之后,(粉末)形成第二区域。

Claims (9)

1. 一种组成部件,特别是轴承组成部件,包括与所述组成部件的所有表面间隔开地设 置的至少一个区域, 其特征在于, 所述区域包括回收材料。
2.根据权利要求1所述的组成部件,其特征在于,所述回收材料为陶瓷材料。
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的组成部件,其特征在于,所述回收材料包括氮化桂和/或赛 隆和/或碳化硅、和/或含有至少一种氧化物和/或氧化铝和/或氧化锆的陶瓷材料。
4. 根据前述权利要求中的任一项所述的组成部件,其特征在于,所述组成部件包括另 外的区域,所述另外的区域包括非回收材料,并且所述另外的区域形成了所述组成部件的 至少一个表面区域。
5. 根据权利要求4所述的组成部件,其特征在于,所述非回收材料包括氮化硅和/或赛 隆和/或碳化硅、和/或含有至少一种氧化物和/或氧化铝和/或氧化锆的陶瓷材料。
6.根据前述权利要求中的任一项所述的组成部件,其特征在于,所述组成部件是滚动 轴承组成部件或滑动轴承组成部件或用于线滚动的滚子。
7.根据权利要求6所述的组成部件,其特征在于,所述组成部件是滚动体、或包括了滑 动轴承的表面的组成部件、和/或轴承的圈。
8.包括了根据前述权利要求中的任一项所述的组成部件的方法,其中,所述组成部件 至少进行滑动接触和/或至少进行一个滚动接触。
9.组成部件的制造方法,所述组成部件特别是根据前述权利要求中的任一项所述的组 成部件,其中,将包括了回收材料的部件设置在冲压工具的特别是中央的一个区域内,并使 所述部件至少部分地被包括了陶瓷材料的粉末包围,随后使用所述冲压工具进行冲压。
CN201711230012.3A 2016-12-09 2017-11-29 组成部件和组成部件的制造方法 CN108223584A (zh)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102016224595.3 2016-12-09
DE102016224595 2016-12-09
DE102017200959.4 2017-01-20
DE102017200959.4A DE102017200959A1 (de) 2016-12-09 2017-01-20 Bauteil und Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Bauteils

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108223584A true CN108223584A (zh) 2018-06-29

Family

ID=62201989

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711230012.3A CN108223584A (zh) 2016-12-09 2017-11-29 组成部件和组成部件的制造方法

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US20180163781A1 (zh)
CN (1) CN108223584A (zh)
DE (1) DE102017200959A1 (zh)

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5102239A (en) * 1989-02-02 1992-04-07 Wing Highcera Co., Ltd. Ceramic bearing
US5350788A (en) * 1993-03-11 1994-09-27 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Method for reducing odors in recycled plastics and compositions relating thereto
US20010054443A1 (en) * 2000-06-23 2001-12-27 Ngk Spark Plug Co., Ltd. High-purity alumina sintered body, high-purity alumina ball, jig for semiconductor, insulator, ball bearing, check value, and method for manufacturing high-purity alumina sintered body
US20090283208A1 (en) * 2008-05-19 2009-11-19 Liu Chien-Ying Method for Manufacturing Sheets
CN201866090U (zh) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-15 上海泛联科技股份有限公司 全陶瓷轴承
DE102012212688B3 (de) * 2012-07-19 2014-01-02 Aktiebolaget Skf Korrosionsgeschützter Lagerring eines Wälzlagers oder Gleitlagers, Lager mit dem Lagerring und Verfahren zum Schutz eines Lagerrings vor Korrosion
CN104763737A (zh) * 2014-01-08 2015-07-08 高涵文 一种耐腐蚀抗干磨的径向滚柱轴承
CN105765248A (zh) * 2013-11-21 2016-07-13 通用电气公司 具有由包含almgb14的陶瓷基复合材料制造的部件的轴承
CN106089986A (zh) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 浙江工贸职业技术学院 一种高速陶瓷球轴承及其装配工艺

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5102239A (en) * 1989-02-02 1992-04-07 Wing Highcera Co., Ltd. Ceramic bearing
US5350788A (en) * 1993-03-11 1994-09-27 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Method for reducing odors in recycled plastics and compositions relating thereto
US20010054443A1 (en) * 2000-06-23 2001-12-27 Ngk Spark Plug Co., Ltd. High-purity alumina sintered body, high-purity alumina ball, jig for semiconductor, insulator, ball bearing, check value, and method for manufacturing high-purity alumina sintered body
US20090283208A1 (en) * 2008-05-19 2009-11-19 Liu Chien-Ying Method for Manufacturing Sheets
CN201866090U (zh) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-15 上海泛联科技股份有限公司 全陶瓷轴承
DE102012212688B3 (de) * 2012-07-19 2014-01-02 Aktiebolaget Skf Korrosionsgeschützter Lagerring eines Wälzlagers oder Gleitlagers, Lager mit dem Lagerring und Verfahren zum Schutz eines Lagerrings vor Korrosion
CN105765248A (zh) * 2013-11-21 2016-07-13 通用电气公司 具有由包含almgb14的陶瓷基复合材料制造的部件的轴承
CN104763737A (zh) * 2014-01-08 2015-07-08 高涵文 一种耐腐蚀抗干磨的径向滚柱轴承
CN106089986A (zh) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 浙江工贸职业技术学院 一种高速陶瓷球轴承及其装配工艺

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
J. GRONOSTAJSKI等: "Bearing materials obtained by recycling of aluminium and aluminium bronze chips", 《JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY》 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20180163781A1 (en) 2018-06-14
DE102017200959A1 (de) 2018-06-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108018444A (zh) 一种原位内生纳米NbB2陶铝复合材料的制备方法
CN101285371B (zh) 一种金刚石定位排布孕镶地质钻头的制造工艺
KR20020090226A (ko) 금속 포움 제품의 동시-성형 방법
CN105598857B (zh) 陶瓷结合剂超硬磨具的制造方法
CN103352136B (zh) 铜基触头材料及制作工艺
CN103230950B (zh) 花键式齿轮冷挤一次成型装置
CN105583351B (zh) 中型花键轴叉平锻工艺
CN101696112A (zh) 一种用辊棒废料制备中高铝耐磨陶瓷制品的方法
CN106182448B (zh) 夹层式排锯刀头及其制造方法
CN202447510U (zh) 轴承防尘盖冲压复合模
CN203972863U (zh) 一种用于放电等离子烧结的可组装式模具
CN103252627B (zh) 一种两层组合凹模及加工方法
CN202845598U (zh) 一种金属罐盖一次冲压成型及卷口模具
CN106312839B (zh) 一种金刚石用低温陶瓷/铁基金属结合剂及其制备方法
RU2008134634A (ru) Твердосплавные элементы для автогенной защиты поверхности валков от износа
CN103567452B (zh) 一种钨铜合金板材的制备方法
CN106001512B (zh) 一种高温防氧化柱塞泵转子制造方法
US2089030A (en) Method for the production of bodies of extreme hardness
CN104014795B (zh) 制备铁铜双金属密封螺母用摆辗模具及该螺母的制备方法
CN102603308B (zh) 一种微池石墨自润滑陶瓷刀具的制备工艺
CN106986623A (zh) 全长石型透水砖及其制备方法
CN103286850B (zh) 石墨坩埚一次成型方法及其成型模具
CN101941833A (zh) 氧化铝陶瓷细长管及其制作方法
CN204583972U (zh) 一种用于加工汽车灯罩的冲压机
CN103945025B (zh) 杀菌手机护壳的制造方法

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination