CN108223291B - Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform - Google Patents

Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108223291B
CN108223291B CN201611135520.9A CN201611135520A CN108223291B CN 108223291 B CN108223291 B CN 108223291B CN 201611135520 A CN201611135520 A CN 201611135520A CN 108223291 B CN108223291 B CN 108223291B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
generator
floating plate
wheel
hydraulic
support
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611135520.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108223291A (en
Inventor
李磊
Original Assignee
浙江海洋大学
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Publication date
Application filed by 浙江海洋大学 filed Critical 浙江海洋大学
Priority to CN201611135520.9A priority Critical patent/CN108223291B/en
Publication of CN108223291A publication Critical patent/CN108223291A/en
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Publication of CN108223291B publication Critical patent/CN108223291B/en

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    • Y02E10/722
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/727Offshore wind turbines

Abstract

A Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform belongs to the technical field of wind power generation, and comprises a storage battery, a waterproof shell, an energy accumulator, a hydraulic generator, a platform main body, a second floating plate, canvas, a third floating plate, a sliding block, an umbrella cover, an umbrella rope, a supporting block, a pull rope, a first gear, a second generator, a second gear, a support, a chain, a flywheel, a wheel carrier, a sliding rail, a rack, a connecting rod, a second hydraulic cylinder, a first floating plate, a supporting rod, a wheel, a push plate, a first hydraulic cylinder, a first generator, an impeller, a supporting column, a spring and a sliding way, wherein the sliding way is arranged on the platform main body; the invention has the advantages that: the energy utilization rate is high.

Description

Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform

Technical Field

The invention relates to a Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform, and belongs to the technical field of wind power generation.

Background

With the pace of human development of the ocean gradually advancing to the deep sea area, a plurality of novel floating ocean platforms are emerged, and the Spar platform is one of the novel floating ocean platforms, and at present, the Spar platform is widely applied to human development of deep sea industries and is responsible for various works such as drilling, production, offshore crude oil treatment, oil storage, loading and unloading and the like. Wind power generation of Spar platforms in the prior art is generally realized by utilizing windmill power generation, and the energy utilization efficiency is low. In order to solve the difficulties, a Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform with high energy utilization rate needs to be developed.

Disclosure of Invention

The invention aims to provide a Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform.

The invention aims to solve the problem that wind energy power generation of Spar platforms in the prior art is generally realized by utilizing windmill power generation and has low energy utilization efficiency.

In order to realize the purpose of the invention, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:

a Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform comprises a storage battery, a waterproof shell, an energy accumulator, a hydraulic generator, a platform main body, a second floating plate, canvas, a third floating plate, a sliding block, an umbrella cover, an umbrella rope, a supporting block, a pull rope, a first gear, a second generator, a second gear, a support, a chain, a flywheel, a wheel carrier, a sliding rail, a rack, a connecting rod, a second hydraulic cylinder, a first floating plate, a supporting rod, a wheel, a push plate, a first hydraulic cylinder, a first generator, an impeller, a support column, a spring and a sliding way, wherein the sliding way is arranged on the platform main body, the wheel is arranged in the sliding way, the wheel and the sliding way are not fixedly connected, the first hydraulic cylinder is respectively arranged on the left side and the right side in the sliding way, the push plate is arranged on a piston rod of the first hydraulic cylinder, the spring is arranged on the side surface of the push plate, the, a slide rail is arranged on a machine frame, a slide block is arranged on the slide rail, a support rod is arranged on the slide block, a wheel is arranged on the support rod, a third floating plate is arranged on the left side of the support rod, canvas is arranged on the third floating plate, a second floating plate is arranged on the canvas, a connecting rod is arranged on the right side of the second floating plate and is arranged on the first floating plate, a first floating plate is arranged on the right side of the support rod, a second hydraulic cylinder is arranged on the left side of the first floating plate, a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder is connected with the canvas, wheel carriers are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the slide rail, a flywheel is arranged on the wheel carriers, the lower end of a stay cord is wound on the flywheel, a support block is arranged on the upper end of the stay cord, three umbrella cords are arranged under an umbrella cover, a first gear is arranged on the front end of a shaft of the flywheel, the right end of the, the support mounting is in the wheel carrier side, and first pneumatic cylinder, second pneumatic cylinder link to each other with the accumulator through the pipeline respectively, and the accumulator passes through the pipeline and links to each other with hydraulic generator, and hydraulic generator passes through the wire and links to each other with the battery, and the battery passes through the wire and links to each other with the second generator, and accumulator, battery and hydraulic generator install in the waterproof cover, and the waterproof cover is installed in the platform main part.

A first generator is installed on the frame, an impeller is installed on a shaft of the first generator, and the storage battery is connected with the first generator through a lead.

The support is made of plastic materials.

The invention has the advantages that: sea wind blows the first floating plate, the second floating plate and the third floating plate to enable the first floating plate, the second floating plate and the third floating plate to move left and right, the supporting rod moves left and right, the wheel rolls in the slideway, the wheel pushes the push plate to enable the first hydraulic cylinder to do contraction movement, and when the wheel moves in the opposite direction, the first hydraulic cylinder does extension movement under the restoring force of the spring to achieve the contraction movement of the first hydraulic cylinder; the canvas is shaken left and right by wind to drive a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder to do telescopic motion; pistons in the first hydraulic cylinder and the second hydraulic cylinder press hydraulic oil to be transferred to the hydraulic generator through the energy accumulator, and the hydraulic generator rotates at a high speed to generate direct current to be charged into the storage battery; the umbrella cover moves upwards under the blowing of sea wind, the support block moves upwards, the pull rope moves upwards, the flywheel rotates reversely, when the umbrella cover moves downwards under the blowing of the sea wind, the flywheel rotates reversely, the pull rope is wound up, the flywheel rotates to drive the first gear to rotate, the chain rotates, the second gear rotates, the second generator rotates to generate electricity, and the storage battery stores the electric energy; the sea wind rotates the impeller, so that the first generator rotates to generate electricity, and the storage battery stores the electric energy. Therefore, the present invention has high energy utilization efficiency.

Drawings

FIG. 1 is an overall structure diagram of a Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of part a;

FIG. 3 is a left side view of the slide rail mounting structure;

in the figure: 1. the device comprises a storage battery 2, a waterproof shell 3, an energy accumulator 4, a hydraulic generator 5, a platform main body 6, a second floating plate 7, a canvas 8, a third floating plate 9, a sliding block 10, an umbrella cover 11, an umbrella rope 12, a supporting block 13, a pull rope 14, a first gear 15, a second generator 16, a second gear 17, a support 18, a chain 19, a flywheel 20, a wheel carrier 21, a sliding rail 22, a rack 23, a connecting rod 24, a second hydraulic cylinder 25, a first floating plate 26, a supporting rod 27, wheels 28, a push plate 29, a first hydraulic cylinder 30, a first generator 31, an impeller 32, a supporting column 33, a spring 34 and a slide way.

Detailed Description

The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and examples.

The invention relates to a Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform, which comprises a storage battery 1, a waterproof shell 2, an energy accumulator 3, a hydraulic power generator 4, a platform main body 5, a second floating plate 6, canvas 7, a third floating plate 8, a sliding block 9, an umbrella cover 10, an umbrella rope 11, a supporting block 12, a pull rope 13, a first gear 14, a second power generator 15, a second gear 16, a bracket 17, a chain 18, a flywheel 19, a wheel carrier 20, a sliding rail 21, a frame 22, a connecting rod 23, a second hydraulic cylinder 24, a first floating plate 25, a supporting rod 26, a wheel 27, a push plate 28, a first hydraulic cylinder 29, a first power generator 30, an impeller 31, a supporting column 32, a spring 33 and a slideway 34, wherein the slideway 34 is arranged on the platform main body 5, the wheel 27 is arranged in the slideway 34, the wheel 27 is not fixedly connected with the slideway 34, the left side and the right side in the slideway 34 are respectively provided with the first hydraulic cylinder 29, sea wind blows the first floating plate 25, the second floating plate 6, the first floating plate 25, the second floating plate 6 and the third floating plate 8 move left and right, the supporting rod 26 moves left and right, the wheel 27 rolls in the slideway 34, the wheel 27 pushes the push plate 28 to enable the first hydraulic cylinder 29 to do contraction movement, and when the wheel 27 moves in the opposite direction, the first hydraulic cylinder 29 does extension movement under the restoring force of the spring 33, so that the first hydraulic cylinder 29 does contraction movement; a push plate 28 is arranged on a piston rod of a first hydraulic cylinder 29, a spring 33 is arranged on the side surface of the push plate 28, the spring 33 is arranged on a support column 32, the support column 32 is arranged on the side surface of the first hydraulic cylinder 29, the support column 32 is made of plastic materials, the push plate 28 is positioned on the left side and the right side of a wheel 27, a rack 22 is arranged on a slide way 34, a first generator 30 is arranged on the rack 22, an impeller 31 is arranged on a shaft of the first generator 30, a storage battery 1 is connected with the first generator 30 through a lead, sea wind enables the impeller 31 to rotate, the first generator 30 to rotate to generate electricity, the storage battery 1 stores the electricity, a slide rail 21 is arranged on the rack 22, a slide block 9 is arranged on the slide rail 21, a support rod 9 is arranged on the support rod 26, a third floating plate 8 is arranged on the left side of the support rod 26, a canvas 7 is arranged on the third floating, the connecting rod 23 is arranged on the first floating plate 25, the first floating plate 25 is arranged on the right side of the supporting rod 26, the second hydraulic cylinder 24 is arranged on the left side of the first floating plate 25, a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder 24 is connected with the canvas 7, and the canvas 7 is swung left and right by wind to drive a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder 24 to do telescopic motion; the left side and the right side of a sliding rail 21 are respectively provided with a wheel frame 20, the wheel frames 20 are provided with flywheels 19, the lower ends of pull ropes 13 are wound on the flywheels 19, the upper ends of the pull ropes 13 are provided with support blocks 12, the support blocks 12 are provided with three umbrella ropes 11, the three umbrella ropes 11 are arranged below an umbrella cover 10, the front end of a shaft of the flywheels 19 is provided with a first gear 14, the right end of a chain 18 is sleeved on the first gear 14, the left end of the chain 18 is sleeved on a second gear 16, the second gear 16 is arranged on a shaft of a second generator 15, the second generator 15 is arranged on a bracket 17, the umbrella cover 10 moves upwards under the blowing of sea wind, the support blocks 12 move upwards, the pull ropes 13 move upwards, the flywheel 19 rotates backwards, the flywheel 19 rotates downwards under the blowing of the wind, the flywheel 19 rotates upwards, the flywheel 19 rotates, the chain 18 rotates, and the second gear 16 rotates, the second generator 15 is rotated to generate electricity, and the storage battery 1 stores electric energy; support 17 installs in the wheel carrier 20 side, first pneumatic cylinder 29, second pneumatic cylinder 24 links to each other with accumulator 3 through the pipeline respectively, accumulator 3 passes through the pipeline and links to each other with hydraulic generator 4, hydraulic generator 4 passes through the wire and links to each other with battery 1, battery 1 passes through the wire and links to each other with second generator 15, accumulator 3, battery 1 and hydraulic generator 4 install in waterproof case 2, waterproof case 2 is installed on platform main part 5, piston oppression hydraulic oil in first pneumatic cylinder 29 and the second pneumatic cylinder 24 passes through accumulator 3 and transmits for hydraulic generator 4, hydraulic generator 4 high-speed rotation sends direct current, fill in battery 1.

The use method of the invention comprises the following steps: sea wind blows the first floating plate 25, the second floating plate 6 and the third floating plate 8, so that the first floating plate 25, the second floating plate 6 and the third floating plate 8 move left and right, the supporting rod 26 moves left and right, the wheels 27 roll in the slide rails 34, the wheels 27 push the push plates 28 to enable the first hydraulic cylinder 29 to do contraction movement, and when the wheels 27 move in the opposite direction, the first hydraulic cylinder 29 does extension movement under the restoring force of the spring 33, so that the first hydraulic cylinder 29 does contraction movement; the canvas 7 is shaken left and right by wind to drive a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder 24 to do telescopic motion; pistons in the first hydraulic cylinder 29 and the second hydraulic cylinder 24 press hydraulic oil to be transmitted to the hydraulic generator 4 through the energy accumulator 3, and the hydraulic generator 4 rotates at a high speed to generate direct current to be charged into the storage battery 1; the umbrella cover 10 moves upwards under the blowing of sea wind, the support block 12 moves upwards, the pull rope 13 moves upwards, the flywheel 19 rotates reversely, when the umbrella cover 10 moves downwards under the blowing of the sea wind, the flywheel 19 rotates reversely by the self-rotating force of the flywheel 19, the pull rope 13 is wound, the flywheel 19 rotates to drive the first gear 14 to rotate, the chain 18 rotates, the second gear 16 rotates, the second generator 15 rotates to generate electricity, and the storage battery 1 stores the electric energy; the sea wind rotates the impeller 31 to rotate the first generator 30 to generate electricity, and the battery 1 stores the electric energy.

Claims (3)

1. A Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform comprises a storage battery (1), a waterproof shell (2), an energy storage device (3), a hydraulic power generator (4), a platform main body (5), a second floating plate (6), a canvas (7), a third floating plate (8), a sliding block (9), an umbrella cover (10), umbrella ropes (11), a support block (12), a pull rope (13), a first gear (14), a second power generator (15), a second gear (16) and a support (17), chain (18), flywheel (19), wheel carrier (20), slide rail (21), frame (22), connecting rod (23), second pneumatic cylinder (24), first kickboard (25), branch (26), wheel (27), push pedal (28), first pneumatic cylinder (29), first generator (30), impeller (31), pillar (32), spring (33) and slide (34), characterized by: the slide way (34) is installed on the platform main body (5), the wheel (27) is installed in the slide way (34), the wheel (27) is not fixedly connected with the slide way (34), the left side and the right side in the slide way (34) are respectively provided with the first hydraulic cylinders (29), the piston rods of the first hydraulic cylinders (29) are provided with the push plates (28), the side surfaces of the push plates (28) are provided with the springs (33), the springs (33) are installed on the pillars (32), the pillars (32) are installed on the side surfaces of the first hydraulic cylinders (29), the push plates (28) are positioned on the left side and the right side of the wheel (27), the slide way (34) is provided with the rack (22), the rack (22) is provided with the slide rail (21), the slide block (9) is installed on the slide rail (21), the support rod (26) is installed on the slide block (9), the wheel (27) is installed on the support rod (26), the left side of the support, a second floating plate (6) is arranged on a canvas (7), a connecting rod (23) is arranged on the right side of the second floating plate (6), the connecting rod (23) is arranged on a first floating plate (25), the first floating plate (25) is arranged on the right side of a supporting rod (26), a second hydraulic cylinder (24) is arranged on the left side of the first floating plate (25), a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder (24) is connected with the canvas (7), wheel carriers (20) are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of a sliding rail (21), a flywheel (19) is arranged on the wheel carriers (20), the lower end of a pull rope (13) is wound on the flywheel (19), a supporting block (12) is arranged at the upper end of the pull rope (13), three umbrella ropes (11) are arranged on the supporting block (12), the three umbrella ropes (11) are arranged under an umbrella cover (10), a first gear (14) is arranged at the front end of a shaft of the flywheel (19), the right end of a chain (18) is sleeved on the first gear, second gear (16) are installed on the axle of second generator (15), second generator (15) are installed on support (17), support (17) are installed in wheel carrier (20) side, first pneumatic cylinder (29), second pneumatic cylinder (24) link to each other with accumulator (3) through the pipeline respectively, accumulator (3) link to each other with hydraulic generator (4) through the pipeline, hydraulic generator (4) link to each other with battery (1) through the wire, battery (1) link to each other with second generator (15) through the wire, accumulator (3), battery (1) and hydraulic generator (4) are installed in waterproof case (2), waterproof case (2) are installed on platform main part (5).
2. The Spar floating offshore wind turbine power generation platform of claim 1, wherein: a first generator (30) is installed on the rack (22), an impeller (31) is installed on a shaft of the first generator (30), and the storage battery (1) is connected with the first generator (30) through a lead.
3. The Spar floating offshore wind turbine power generation platform of claim 1, wherein: the support column (32) is made of plastic materials.
CN201611135520.9A 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform CN108223291B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611135520.9A CN108223291B (en) 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611135520.9A CN108223291B (en) 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform

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CN108223291A CN108223291A (en) 2018-06-29
CN108223291B true CN108223291B (en) 2020-04-14

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611135520.9A CN108223291B (en) 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 Spar floating offshore wind flow power generation platform

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Country Link
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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102361417A (en) * 2011-09-26 2012-02-22 河海大学 Multifunctional offshore movable power generation and living platform
CN103573545A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-02-12 上海交通大学 Float-type offshore power generating platform
JP5750537B1 (en) * 2014-07-17 2015-07-22 三井海洋開発株式会社 Offshore structure construction method

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9308975B2 (en) * 2013-12-30 2016-04-12 Google Inc. Spar buoy platform

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102361417A (en) * 2011-09-26 2012-02-22 河海大学 Multifunctional offshore movable power generation and living platform
CN103573545A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-02-12 上海交通大学 Float-type offshore power generating platform
CN103573545B (en) * 2013-09-29 2015-09-30 上海交通大学 Floating-tube type marine power generation platform
JP5750537B1 (en) * 2014-07-17 2015-07-22 三井海洋開発株式会社 Offshore structure construction method

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