CN108220988B - Household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108220988B
CN108220988B CN201810040277.5A CN201810040277A CN108220988B CN 108220988 B CN108220988 B CN 108220988B CN 201810040277 A CN201810040277 A CN 201810040277A CN 108220988 B CN108220988 B CN 108220988B
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parts
solution
sodium
stainless steel
stirring
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CN108220988A (en
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邢舒雅
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Maanshan Xinqiao Industrial Design Co ltd
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Maanshan Xinqiao Industrial Design Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23GCLEANING OR DEGREASING OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY CHEMICAL METHODS OTHER THAN ELECTROLYSIS
    • C23G5/00Cleaning or de-greasing metallic material by other methods; Apparatus for cleaning or de-greasing metallic material with organic solvents
    • C23G5/02Cleaning or de-greasing metallic material by other methods; Apparatus for cleaning or de-greasing metallic material with organic solvents using organic solvents
    • C23G5/032Cleaning or de-greasing metallic material by other methods; Apparatus for cleaning or de-greasing metallic material with organic solvents using organic solvents containing oxygen-containing compounds

Abstract

The invention discloses a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof, wherein the household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: the cleaning agent is prepared by uniformly dissolving 5-10 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 5-10 parts of sodium stearate, 5-10 parts of sodium acetate, 5-10 parts of betaine, 5-10 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 5-10 parts of DBU, 5-15 parts of surfactant, 30-40 parts of ethanol, 35-40 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder through stirring and ultrasonic vibration.

Description

Household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of metal surface degreasing, in particular to a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof
Background
Stainless steel materials have become important materials for home decoration because of the characteristics of firmness, beauty and the like. Typically, stainless steel building materials are used for corner taping. When the skin touches the stainless steel, grease stays on the stainless steel to form a 'fingerprint', and if the grease cannot be immediately removed, the grease is oxidized and blackened in the air to form black stains, so that the removal is difficult. The addition of about 12% of metal Cr to stainless steel produces Cr on the surface of stainless steel and oxygen in the atmosphere2O3The dense passive oxide film blocks water gas and oxygen in the atmosphere, and protects the base material from corrosion caused by continuous oxidation. The stainless steel is not rusted.
The existing degreasing reagent has low viscosity, can completely degrease only by spraying a large amount of liquid, and the liquid drops quickly after being sprayed due to low viscosity, so that the staying time at a spot position is short. First, the grease cannot be removed completely; secondly, reagents can pollute clean positions, so that products are wasted, workload is increased, and operation is inconvenient; meanwhile, although Cr is present2O3The compact passive oxide film can protect stainless steel materials from being rusted, but the cleaning reagent can accelerate the stainless steel to be rusted, so that a proper amount of corrosion inhibitor needs to be added into the cleaning reagent to protect the stainless steel materials and prolong the service life of the stainless steel.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof. The invention has good antirust effect, long retention time on the surface of the stain and good stain removal effect.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the invention provides a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof, wherein the household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-10 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 5-10 parts of sodium stearate, 5-10 parts of sodium acetate, 5-10 parts of betaine, 5-10 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 5-10 parts of DBU, 5-15 parts of surfactant, 30-40 parts of ethanol, 35-40 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder, wherein the preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, weighing raw material components in parts by weight, pouring sodium monohydrogen phosphate into normal-temperature distilled water, and stirring and dissolving at normal temperature to obtain a solution A;
(2) heating ethanol, keeping the temperature at 60-70 ℃, pouring sodium stearate powder into the ethanol, and stirring by using a stirrer at the stirring speed: 500-700r/min, stirring time: obtaining solution B after 10-15 min;
(3) cooling the solution B to normal temperature, pouring sodium tert-butoxide, sodium acetate, betaine, essence, vegetarian meat powder and DBU into the solution B, and ultrasonically oscillating for 10-20min at normal temperature with oscillation power: 300-500W to obtain a solution C;
(4) mixing the solution A and the solution C, and stirring by using a stirrer, wherein the stirring speed is as follows: 700-1000r/min, stirring time: 20-30min to obtain solution D;
(5) and (3) carrying out ultrasonic oscillation on the solution D, wherein the oscillation time is as follows: 20-30min, oscillation power: 500 and 1000W, and naturally cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain the finished product.
Preferably, the feed is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-9 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 6-10 parts of sodium stearate, 6-10 parts of sodium acetate, 6-10 parts of betaine, 5-9 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 5-9 parts of DBU, 5-14 parts of surfactant, 30-39 parts of ethanol, 35-39 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder.
Preferably, the surfactant consists of stearic acid, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate and octadecyl sulphobetaine, and the mass ratio of the components is 2:2: 1.
Preferably, the vegetarian meat powder consists of glucomannan, guar gum and soybean protein isolate, and the mass ratio of the components is 1:1: 1.
Preferably, the ultrasonic oscillation time in step 3 is 15-20min, and the oscillation power: 400-500W.
Preferably, in step 5, the oscillation time is 25-30min, and the oscillation power is: 700- & lt1000 & gtW.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the invention relates to a reagent for promoting grease hydrolysis by using alkaline substances. Betaine with sterilization and disinfection effects and DBU with antirust capability are added, and the mixture is stirred by a stirrer and subjected to ultrasonic oscillation to form a uniform solution. Therefore, the invention can effectively prevent the building materials from rusting and maintain cleanness and sanitation while removing grease. The organic acid sodium is partially hydrolyzed in the aqueous solution to form organic acid, meanwhile, the solution becomes alkaline, stearic acid, acetic acid and tert-butyl alcohol are used as hydrolysis products, have both oleophilic groups and hydrophilic groups, have the function of a surfactant in the solution, can assist in improving the dispersion degree of each component in the solution, and can assist in dissolving decomposed grease in a reagent. And betaine as a rust remover and DBU having rust removing ability also have the functions of the above surfactant. Adding vegetarian meat powder into the uniform solution, and stirring to connect the molecules of the components of the vegetarian meat powder with the molecules of the solvent and other solutes in the solution in a covalent bond or hydrogen bond manner to form small spaces which are relatively independent, wherein the molecules of the components of the vegetarian meat powder play a skeleton role to connect and support the solvent and other solute components. The components can be uniformly dispersed in the system at a molecular level under the ultrasonic oscillation condition, so that the content of each component in each small space is the same. When the product is sprayed on the surface of a stain, the vegetarian meat powder can stay on the surface of the stain due to the supporting and connecting functions of the molecules of the vegetarian meat powder and is not easy to fall off.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1:
the invention provides a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof, wherein the household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 5 parts of sodium stearate, 5 parts of sodium acetate, 5 parts of betaine, 5 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 5 parts of DBU, 5 parts of surfactant, 30 parts of ethanol, 35 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder, wherein the preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, weighing raw material components in parts by weight, pouring sodium monohydrogen phosphate into normal-temperature distilled water, and stirring and dissolving at normal temperature to obtain a solution A;
(2) heating ethanol, keeping the temperature at 60 ℃, pouring sodium stearate powder into the ethanol, and stirring by using a stirrer at a stirring speed: 500r/min, stirring time: obtaining solution B after 10 min;
(3) cooling the solution B to normal temperature, pouring sodium tert-butoxide, sodium acetate, betaine, essence, vegetarian meat powder and DBU into the solution B, and ultrasonically oscillating for 10min at normal temperature with oscillation power: 300W to obtain a solution C;
(4) mixing the solution A and the solution C, and stirring by using a stirrer, wherein the stirring speed is as follows: 700r/min, stirring time: 20min to obtain solution D;
(5) and (3) carrying out ultrasonic oscillation on the solution D, wherein the oscillation time is as follows: 20min, oscillation power: 500W, and naturally cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a finished product 1.
Example 2:
the invention provides a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof, wherein the household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 10 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 10 parts of sodium stearate, 10 parts of sodium acetate, 10 parts of betaine, 10 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 10 parts of DBU, 15 parts of surfactant, 40 parts of ethanol, 40 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder, wherein the preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, weighing raw material components in parts by weight, pouring sodium monohydrogen phosphate into normal-temperature distilled water, and stirring and dissolving at normal temperature to obtain a solution A;
(2) heating ethanol, keeping the temperature at 70 ℃, pouring sodium stearate powder into the ethanol, and stirring by using a stirrer, wherein the stirring speed is as follows: 700r/min, stirring time: 15min to obtain solution B;
(3) cooling the solution B to normal temperature, pouring sodium tert-butoxide, sodium acetate, betaine, essence, vegetarian meat powder and DBU into the solution B, and ultrasonically oscillating for 20min at normal temperature with oscillation power: 500W to obtain a solution C;
(4) mixing the solution A and the solution C, and stirring by using a stirrer, wherein the stirring speed is as follows: 1000r/min, stirring time: obtaining solution D after 30 min;
(5) and (3) carrying out ultrasonic oscillation on the solution D, wherein the oscillation time is as follows: 30min, oscillation power: 1000W, and naturally cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a finished product 2.
Example 3:
the invention provides a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof, wherein the household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 7 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 7 parts of sodium stearate, 7 parts of sodium acetate, 7 parts of betaine, 7 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 7 parts of DBU, 10 parts of surfactant, 30 parts of ethanol, 35 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder, wherein the preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, weighing raw material components in parts by weight, pouring sodium monohydrogen phosphate into normal-temperature distilled water, and stirring and dissolving at normal temperature to obtain a solution A;
(2) heating ethanol, keeping the temperature at 65 ℃, pouring sodium stearate powder into the ethanol, and stirring by using a stirrer at a stirring speed: 600r/min, stirring time: obtaining solution B after 12 min;
(3) cooling the solution B to normal temperature, pouring sodium tert-butoxide, sodium acetate, betaine, essence, vegetarian meat powder and DBU into the solution B, and ultrasonically oscillating for 15min at normal temperature with oscillation power: 400W to obtain a solution C;
(4) mixing the solution A and the solution C, and stirring by using a stirrer, wherein the stirring speed is as follows: 750r/min, stirring time: 15min to obtain solution D;
(5) and (3) carrying out ultrasonic oscillation on the solution D, wherein the oscillation time is as follows: 25min, oscillation power: 750W, and naturally cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a finished product 3.
Example 4:
the invention provides a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof, wherein the household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 8 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 8 parts of sodium stearate, 8 parts of sodium acetate, 8 parts of betaine, 8 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 8 parts of DBU, 10 parts of surfactant, 40 parts of ethanol, 40 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder, wherein the preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, weighing raw material components in parts by weight, pouring sodium monohydrogen phosphate into normal-temperature distilled water, and stirring and dissolving at normal temperature to obtain a solution A;
(2) heating ethanol, keeping the temperature at 65 ℃, pouring sodium stearate powder into the ethanol, and stirring by using a stirrer at a stirring speed: 600r/min, stirring time: obtaining solution B after 12 min;
(3) cooling the solution B to normal temperature, pouring sodium tert-butoxide, sodium acetate, betaine, essence, vegetarian meat powder and DBU into the solution B, and ultrasonically oscillating for 15min at normal temperature with oscillation power: 400W to obtain a solution C;
(4) mixing the solution A and the solution C, and stirring by using a stirrer, wherein the stirring speed is as follows: 800r/min, stirring time: 25min to obtain solution D;
(5) and (3) carrying out ultrasonic oscillation on the solution D, wherein the oscillation time is as follows: 25min, oscillation power: 750W, and naturally cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a finished product 4.
Example 5:
the invention provides a household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent and a preparation method thereof, wherein the household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 9 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 9 parts of sodium stearate, 9 parts of sodium acetate, 9 parts of betaine, 9 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 9 parts of DBU, 10 parts of surfactant, 40 parts of ethanol, 40 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder, wherein the preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, weighing raw material components in parts by weight, pouring sodium monohydrogen phosphate into normal-temperature distilled water, and stirring and dissolving at normal temperature to obtain a solution A;
(2) heating ethanol, keeping the temperature at 65 ℃, pouring sodium stearate powder into the ethanol, and stirring by using a stirrer at a stirring speed: 600r/min, stirring time: 13min to obtain solution B;
(3) cooling the solution B to normal temperature, pouring sodium tert-butoxide, sodium acetate, betaine, essence, vegetarian meat powder and DBU into the solution B, and ultrasonically oscillating for 15min at normal temperature with oscillation power: 400W to obtain a solution C;
(4) mixing the solution A and the solution C, and stirring by using a stirrer, wherein the stirring speed is as follows: 850r/min, stirring time: 25min to obtain solution D;
(5) and (3) carrying out ultrasonic oscillation on the solution D, wherein the oscillation time is as follows: 25min, oscillation power: 800W, and naturally cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a finished product 5.
Respectively spraying the finished products 1-5 and the existing products on the building materials, removing grease with the same area, and recording the retention time and the dosage of the products; the building materials were dipped into the product and the existing product, respectively, for one month, and then the degree of rusting of the building materials was observed, and the obtained results are shown in table 1 below.
TABLE 1 comparison of residence time, amount and tarnish resistance on building materials
According to the table, the product stays on the surface of the stain for about 150s, and the stay time is enough for the stain to be thoroughly decomposed and dissolved; compared with the existing product, the product achieves the same cleaning purpose, and the required volume of the product is one tenth of that of the existing product; the product has stronger anti-rust performance than the prior product.
The above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent is characterized by being prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-10 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 5-10 parts of sodium stearate, 5-10 parts of sodium acetate, 5-10 parts of betaine, 5-10 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 5-10 parts of DBU, 5-15 parts of surfactant, 30-40 parts of ethanol, 35-40 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder, wherein the preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, weighing raw material components in parts by weight, pouring sodium monohydrogen phosphate into normal-temperature distilled water, and stirring and dissolving at normal temperature to obtain a solution A;
(2) heating ethanol, keeping the temperature at 60-70 ℃, pouring sodium stearate powder into the ethanol, and stirring by using a stirrer at the stirring speed: 500-700r/min, stirring time: obtaining solution B after 10-15 min;
(3) cooling the solution B to normal temperature, pouring sodium tert-butoxide, sodium acetate, betaine, essence, vegetarian meat powder and DBU into the solution B, and ultrasonically oscillating for 10-20min at normal temperature with oscillation power: 300-500W to obtain a solution C;
(4) mixing the solution A and the solution C, and stirring by using a stirrer, wherein the stirring speed is as follows: 700-1000r/min, stirring time: 20-30min to obtain solution D;
(5) and (3) carrying out ultrasonic oscillation on the solution D, wherein the oscillation time is as follows: 20-30min, oscillation power: 500 and 1000W, and naturally cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain the finished product.
2. The household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent as claimed in claim 1, which is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-9 parts of sodium tert-butoxide, 6-10 parts of sodium stearate, 6-10 parts of sodium acetate, 6-10 parts of betaine, 5-9 parts of sodium monohydrogen phosphate, 5-9 parts of DBU, 5-14 parts of surfactant, 30-39 parts of ethanol, 35-39 parts of distilled water, 1 part of essence and 1 part of vegetarian meat powder.
3. The household stainless steel surface degreasing agent as claimed in claim 1, wherein the surfactant is composed of stearic acid, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate and octadecyl sulphobetaine in a mass ratio of 2:2: 1.
4. The household stainless steel surface degreasing agent as recited in claim 1, wherein the vegetarian meat meal consists of glucomannan, guar gum and soy protein isolate in a mass ratio of 1:1: 1.
5. The household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ultrasonic oscillation time in step 3 is 15-20min, and the oscillation power is as follows: 400-500W.
6. The household stainless steel surface degreasing reagent as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the step 5, the oscillation time is 25-30min, and the oscillation power is as follows: 700- & lt1000 & gtW.
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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101285191A (en) * 2008-05-22 2008-10-15 山东新华万博化工有限公司 Process for preparing corrosion inhibitor
CN102002722A (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-04-06 比亚迪股份有限公司 Stainless steel cleaner and stainless steel cleaning method
CN102560515A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-11 海门市森达装饰材料有限公司 Efficient low-foam special cleaning agent for stainless steel plate
CN105696001A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-22 博罗县东明化工有限公司 Rust removing and preventing agent
CN106637253A (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-05-10 青岛三利中德美水设备有限公司 Phosphorus-free degreasing agent for carbon steel
CN106637257A (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-05-10 青岛三利中德美水设备有限公司 Stainless steel degreasing agent
CN107488536A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-19 黄瑞荣 A kind of natural detergent and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101285191A (en) * 2008-05-22 2008-10-15 山东新华万博化工有限公司 Process for preparing corrosion inhibitor
CN102002722A (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-04-06 比亚迪股份有限公司 Stainless steel cleaner and stainless steel cleaning method
CN102560515A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-11 海门市森达装饰材料有限公司 Efficient low-foam special cleaning agent for stainless steel plate
CN106637253A (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-05-10 青岛三利中德美水设备有限公司 Phosphorus-free degreasing agent for carbon steel
CN106637257A (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-05-10 青岛三利中德美水设备有限公司 Stainless steel degreasing agent
CN105696001A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-22 博罗县东明化工有限公司 Rust removing and preventing agent
CN107488536A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-19 黄瑞荣 A kind of natural detergent and preparation method thereof

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