CN108218370A - A kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall - Google Patents

A kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall Download PDF

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CN108218370A
CN108218370A CN201611158331.3A CN201611158331A CN108218370A CN 108218370 A CN108218370 A CN 108218370A CN 201611158331 A CN201611158331 A CN 201611158331A CN 108218370 A CN108218370 A CN 108218370A
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fire
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heat insulating
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赖群广
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赖群广
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/14Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing calcium sulfate cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/34Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing cold phosphate binders
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/34Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing cold phosphate binders
    • C04B28/344Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing cold phosphate binders the phosphate binder being present in the starting composition solely as one or more phosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00008Obtaining or using nanotechnology related materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00482Coating or impregnation materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/2092Resistance against biological degradation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/20Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the density
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior walls, and including base and fire-retardant fungus resistant coating, the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:9 16 parts of complex fiber material, 68 parts of perlite, 48 parts of flyash, 7 11 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 24 parts of stannous chloride, 30 40 parts of modification infusorial earth, 5 10 parts of shepardite, 13 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, 13 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, 20 30 parts of Portland cement, 5 15 parts of negative ion powder for building, 10 20 parts of Lauxite, 13 parts of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.2 0.8 parts of lauryl sodium sulfate, 0.3 0.5 parts of methylcellulose, 0.3 0.5 parts of calgon, the fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall heat preservation and insulation is strong, wall is less prone to hollowing, cracking, dusting, moisture condensation and dropping situations, and Signs of Mould.

Description

A kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, more specifically, being related to building material field.
Background technology
Construction material, the material used between floors are referred to as construction material.The range that novel construction material includes It is very wide, there are thermal insulation material, heat-barrier material, high-strength material, the material that can breathe etc. to belong to new material.Construction material is soil The general designation of the material used in wood engineering and architectural engineering.
Construction material can be divided into structural material, ornament materials and certain proprietary materials.Structural material include timber, bamboo wood, Stone material, cement, concrete, metal, brick and tile, ceramics, glass, engineering plastics, composite material etc.;Ornament materials includes various paintings Material, paint, coating, veneer, assorted ceramic tile, the glass etc. with special-effect;Proprietary material refer to for waterproof, moisture-proof, anti-corrosion, Fire prevention, fire-retardant, sound insulation, heat-insulated, heat preservation, sealing etc..
In recent years, with the fast development of urban construction, construction material is built outer just in the popularization and application of large area Wall heat preservation and insulation and viscous force are poor, and hollowing, cracking, dusting, moisture condensation usually occurs in wall, easily falls off phenomenon, After a period of use, exterior coating is even more so under the action of sunlight and rainwater.Particularly in the southern area in China, by It is longer in rainy season, it is also easy to that Signs of Mould occurs, the quality of wall is caused to decline, while affect the appearance of wall.
Invention content
In view of this, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of heat preservation and insulation is strong, wall is less prone to hollowing, cracking, powder Change, moisture condensation and the fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall of dropping situations and Signs of Mould.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme is that:
A kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, including base and fire-retardant fungus resistant coating, the fire-retardant fungus resistant coating applies It is overlying in base, the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:9-16 parts of complex fiber material, 6-8 parts of perlite, flyash 4-8 parts, it is 7-11 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 2-4 parts of stannous chloride, 30-40 parts of modification infusorial earth, 5-10 parts of shepardite, redispersible 1-3 parts of rubber powder, 1-3 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, 20-30 parts of Portland cement, negative ion powder 5-15 parts for building, urea 10-20 parts of urea formaldehyde, 1-3 parts of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.2-0.8 parts of lauryl sodium sulfate, 0.3-0.5 parts of methylcellulose, six 0.3-0.5 parts of sodium metaphosphate;The insulating layer includes the raw material of following parts by weight:4-8 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 3-6 parts of xanthans, richness 5-8 parts of horse acid diesters, 3.5-7 parts of stearic acid, 3-6 parts of linear low density polyethylene, 4-10 parts of nitrile rubber, phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium 5- 7 parts, 10-14 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 4-10 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 6-8 parts of oleamide, 5-10 parts of mica powder, coupling agent 1-5 Part, 3-5 parts of dispersant, 0.1-1 parts of fire retardant, 5-10 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 5-9 parts of water.
Further, the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:9 parts of complex fiber material, 6 parts of perlite, fine coal 4 parts of ash, 7 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 2 parts of stannous chloride, 30 parts of modification infusorial earth, 5 parts of shepardite, 1 part of re-dispersible glue powder, hydroxypropyl 1 part of ylmethyl cellulose, 20 parts of Portland cement, 5 parts of negative ion powder for building, 10 parts of Lauxite, polysulphonamide fiber 1 Part, 0.2 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, 0.3 part of methylcellulose, 0.3 part of calgon;The insulating layer includes following weight The raw material of part:4 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 3 parts of xanthans, 5 parts of dimethyl ester, 3.5 parts of stearic acid, 3 parts of linear low density polyethylene, 4 parts of nitrile rubber, 5 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, 10 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 4 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 6 parts of oleamide, 5 parts of mica powder, 1 part of coupling agent, 3 parts of dispersant, 0.1 part of fire retardant, 5 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 5 parts of water.
Further, the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:16 parts of complex fiber material, 8 parts of perlite, fine coal 8 parts of ash, 11 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 4 parts of stannous chloride, 40 parts of modification infusorial earth, 10 parts of shepardite, 3 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, hydroxyl 3 parts of propyl methocel, 30 parts of Portland cement, 15 parts of negative ion powder for building, 20 parts of Lauxite, PSA fiber are fine 3 parts of dimension, 0.8 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, 0.5 part of methylcellulose, 0.5 part of calgon;The insulating layer includes following The raw material of parts by weight:8 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 6 parts of xanthans, 8 parts of dimethyl ester, 7 parts of stearic acid, linear low density polyethylene 6 Part, 10 parts of nitrile rubber, 7 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, 14 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 10 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 8 parts of oleamide, mica 10 parts of powder, 5 parts of coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersant, 1 part of fire retardant, 10 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 9 parts of water.
Further, the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:12.5 parts of complex fiber material, 7 parts of perlite, powder 6 parts of coal ash, 9 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 3 parts of stannous chloride, 35 parts of modification infusorial earth, 7.5 parts of shepardite, 2 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, 2 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, 25 parts of Portland cement, 10 parts of negative ion powder for building, 15 parts of Lauxite, PSA fiber 2 parts of fiber, 0.5 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, 0.4 part of methylcellulose, 0.4 part of calgon;The insulating layer include with The raw material of lower parts by weight:It is 6 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 4.5 parts of xanthans, 6.5 parts of dimethyl ester, 4.75 parts of stearic acid, linear low close Spend 4.5 parts of polyethylene, 7 parts of nitrile rubber, 6 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, 12 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 7 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, oleamide 7 parts, 7.5 parts of mica powder, 3 parts of coupling agent, 4 parts of dispersant, 0.5 part of fire retardant, 7.5 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 7 parts of water.
Further, the coupling agent is silane coupling agent.
Further, the dispersant is polyethylene glycol.
Further, the fire retardant is silica.
The technology of the present invention effect major embodiment is in the following areas:Polysulphonamide fiber is employed, polysulphonamide fiber is in production It introduces to benzene structure and sulfuryl, makes amide groups and sulfuryl is connected with each other contraposition phenyl and meta position phenyl forms linear macromolecule. Due to there is strong electrophilic sulfuryl group-(SO on macromolecular main chain2)-, grips effect altogether by the double bond of phenyl ring, passes through phenyl ring π-conjugated systems, significantly reduce the cloud density of nitrogen-atoms on amide groups, so with prominent heat-resisting, firing resistance, It is 250 DEG C that temperature, which is used for a long time, in it, and industrial residue flyash is utilized, significantly reduces production cost, while decrease dirt Dye, flyash, which can change concrete, increases concrete viscosity, reduces isolation and bleeding, reduces the coagulation brought due to the heat of hydration Soil temperature degree increases, and reduces or eliminates base material in concrete and reacts, it is also possible to save the dosage of cement;It arranges in pairs or groups simultaneously Special dope layer, can further protect external wall and anti-corrosion, prevent wall occur hollowing, cracking, dusting, Moisture condensation and dropping situations.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiments, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail, so that technical solution of the present invention It is more readily understood and grasps.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, including base and fire-retardant fungus resistant coating, the fire-retardant fungus resistant coating applies It is overlying in base, the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:9 parts of complex fiber material, 6 parts of perlite, 4 parts of flyash, 7 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 2 parts of stannous chloride, 30 parts of modification infusorial earth, 5 parts of shepardite, 1 part of re-dispersible glue powder, hydroxypropyl methyl 1 part of cellulose, 20 parts of Portland cement, 5 parts of negative ion powder for building, 10 parts of Lauxite, 1 part of polysulphonamide fiber, ten 0.2 part of sodium dialkyl sulfate, 0.3 part of methylcellulose, 0.3 part of calgon;The insulating layer includes following parts by weight Raw material:4 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 3 parts of xanthans, 5 parts of dimethyl ester, 3.5 parts of stearic acid, 3 parts of linear low density polyethylene, Ding Qing 4 parts of rubber, 5 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, 10 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 4 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 6 parts of oleamide, 5 parts of mica powder, coupling 1 part of agent, 3 parts of dispersant, 0.1 part of fire retardant, 5 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 5 parts of water, the coupling agent be silane coupling agent, institute Dispersant is stated as polyethylene glycol, the fire retardant is silica.
A kind of preparation method of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, includes the following steps:
1)Under room temperature, by 9 parts of complex fiber material, 6 parts of perlite, 4 parts of flyash, 7 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 2 parts of stannous chloride, 30 parts of modification infusorial earth is added in 20 parts of Portland cement, is stirred 30 minutes;
2)5 parts of shepardite, 1 part of re-dispersible glue powder, 1 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, 5 parts of negative ion powder for building are added, Stirring obtains mixture A in 1 hour;
3)10 parts of Lauxite, 1 part of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.2 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, Methyl cellulose will be added in mixture A Plain 0.3 part, 0.3 part of calgon, are again stirring for 30 minutes, obtain mixture B;
4)Mixture B is poured into mold, it is 10 minutes dry at 105 DEG C, then it is press-formed;
5)Green body after molding is placed in vacuum drying oven, according to+180 DEG C/30 minutes+150 DEG C/40 minutes 120 DEG C/30 minutes Technique curing, obtain base;
6)4 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 3 parts of xanthans, 5 parts of dimethyl ester, 3.5 parts of stearic acid, line are sequentially added in stirring container 3 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE) of property, 4 parts of nitrile rubber, 5 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, be sufficiently mixed stir evenly it is rear spare;
7)Continuously add 10 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 4 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 6 parts of oleamide, 5 parts of mica powder, coupling agent 1 part, point 3 parts of powder, 0.1 part of fire retardant, 5 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 5 parts of water, are sufficiently mixed after stirring evenly, obtain coating;
8)Coating in step 7 is coated on to the upper surface of base, you can obtain fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, including base and fire-retardant fungus resistant coating, the fire-retardant fungus resistant coating applies It is overlying in base, the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:16 parts of complex fiber material, 8 parts of perlite, 8 parts of flyash, 11 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 4 parts of stannous chloride, 40 parts of modification infusorial earth, 10 parts of shepardite, 3 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, hydroxypropyl first 3 parts of base cellulose, 30 parts of Portland cement, 15 parts of negative ion powder for building, 20 parts of Lauxite, 3 parts of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.8 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, 0.5 part of methylcellulose, 0.5 part of calgon;The insulating layer includes following parts by weight Raw material:8 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 6 parts of xanthans, 8 parts of dimethyl ester, 7 parts of stearic acid, 6 parts of linear low density polyethylene, Ding Qing 10 parts of rubber, 7 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, 14 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 10 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 8 parts of oleamide, 10 parts of mica powder, 5 parts of coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersant, 1 part of fire retardant, 10 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 9 parts of water, the coupling agent are silane coupled Agent, the dispersant are polyethylene glycol, and the fire retardant is silica.
A kind of preparation method of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, includes the following steps:
1)Under room temperature, by 16 parts of complex fiber material, 8 parts of perlite, 8 parts of flyash, 11 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, stannous chloride 4 Part, 40 parts of modification infusorial earth are added in 30 parts of Portland cement, are stirred 30 minutes;
2)Add 10 parts of shepardite, 3 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, 3 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, negative ion powder for building 15 Part, stirring obtains mixture A in 1 hour;
3)20 parts of Lauxite, 3 parts of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.8 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, Methyl cellulose will be added in mixture A Plain 0.5 part, 0.5 part of calgon, are again stirring for 30 minutes, obtain mixture B;
4)Mixture B is poured into mold, it is 10 minutes dry at 105 DEG C, then it is press-formed;
5)Green body after molding is placed in vacuum drying oven, according to+180 DEG C/30 minutes+150 DEG C/40 minutes 120 DEG C/30 minutes Technique curing, obtain base;
6)8 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 6 parts of xanthans, 8 parts of dimethyl ester, 7 parts of stearic acid, linear is sequentially added in stirring container 6 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 10 parts of nitrile rubber, 7 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, be sufficiently mixed stir evenly it is rear spare;
7)Continuously add 14 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 10 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 8 parts of oleamide, 10 parts of mica powder, 5 parts of coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersant, 1 part of fire retardant, 10 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 9 parts of water, are sufficiently mixed after stirring evenly, obtain coating;
8)Coating in step 7 is coated on to the upper surface of base, you can obtain fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, including base and fire-retardant fungus resistant coating, the fire-retardant fungus resistant coating applies It is overlying in base, the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:12.5 parts of complex fiber material, 7 parts of perlite, flyash 6 Part, 9 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 3 parts of stannous chloride, 35 parts of modification infusorial earth, 7.5 parts of shepardite, 2 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, hydroxypropyl 2 parts of ylmethyl cellulose, 25 parts of Portland cement, 10 parts of negative ion powder for building, 15 parts of Lauxite, polysulphonamide fiber 2 parts, 0.5 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, 0.4 part of methylcellulose, 0.4 part of calgon;The insulating layer includes following heavy Measure the raw material of part:6 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 4.5 parts of xanthans, 6.5 parts of dimethyl ester, 4.75 parts of stearic acid, linea low density gather 4.5 parts of ethylene, 7 parts of nitrile rubber, 6 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, 12 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 7 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 7 parts of oleamide, 7.5 parts of mica powder, 3 parts of coupling agent, 4 parts of dispersant, 0.5 part of fire retardant, 7.5 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 7 parts of water, the idol Connection agent is silane coupling agent, and the dispersant is polyethylene glycol, and the fire retardant is silica.
A kind of preparation method of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, includes the following steps:
1)Under room temperature, by 12.5 parts of complex fiber material, 7 parts of perlite, 6 parts of flyash, 9 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, stannous chloride 3 Part, 35 parts of modification infusorial earth are added in 25 parts of Portland cement, are stirred 30 minutes;
2)Add 7.5 parts of shepardite, 2 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, 2 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, negative ion powder for building 10 Part, stirring obtains mixture A in 1 hour;
3)15 parts of Lauxite, 2 parts of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.5 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, Methyl cellulose will be added in mixture A Plain 0.4 part, 0.4 part of calgon, are again stirring for 30 minutes, obtain mixture B;
4)Mixture B is poured into mold, it is 10 minutes dry at 105 DEG C, then it is press-formed;
5)Green body after molding is placed in vacuum drying oven, according to+180 DEG C/30 minutes+150 DEG C/40 minutes 120 DEG C/30 minutes Technique curing, obtain base;
6)6 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 4.5 parts of xanthans, 6.5 parts of dimethyl ester, stearic acid 4.75 are sequentially added in stirring container Part, 4.5 parts of linear low density polyethylene, 7 parts of nitrile rubber, 6 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, be sufficiently mixed stir evenly it is rear spare;
7)Continuously add 12 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 7 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 7 parts of oleamide, 7.5 parts of mica powder, 3 parts of coupling agent, 4 parts of dispersant, 0.5 part of fire retardant, 7.5 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 7 parts of water, are sufficiently mixed after stirring evenly, obtain coating;
8)Coating in step 7 is coated on to the upper surface of base, you can obtain fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall.
Experimental example:
Fire-retardant mould proof fade-proof external wall prepared by the present invention is tested with existing external wall according to GB/T1964-1996 Compression strength, GB/T15231-2008 test the impact strength (after 28 days) of each wall body brick, GB13544-2000 is tested Lime blowing and resistance to weathering energy, it is as shown in the table:
It can be seen that fire-retardant mould proof fade-proof external wall prepared by the present invention has better pressure resistance compared to existing intensity Degree and impact strength, and the performance that weathering resistance and antiknock are split is all more outstanding, while fire-retardant mould proof anti-is taken off to prepared by the present invention Color external wall carries out corrosion-resistant and mould proof experiment, is not found that there are underproof situations.
The technology of the present invention effect major embodiment is in the following areas:Polysulphonamide fiber is employed, polysulphonamide fiber is in production It introduces to benzene structure and sulfuryl, makes amide groups and sulfuryl is connected with each other contraposition phenyl and meta position phenyl forms linear macromolecule. Due to there is strong electrophilic sulfuryl group-(SO on macromolecular main chain2)-, grips effect altogether by the double bond of phenyl ring, passes through phenyl ring π-conjugated systems, significantly reduce the cloud density of nitrogen-atoms on amide groups, so with prominent heat-resisting, firing resistance, It is 250 DEG C that temperature, which is used for a long time, in it, and industrial residue flyash is utilized, significantly reduces production cost, while decrease dirt Dye, flyash, which can change concrete, increases concrete viscosity, reduces isolation and bleeding, reduces the coagulation brought due to the heat of hydration Soil temperature degree increases, and reduces or eliminates base material in concrete and reacts, it is also possible to save the dosage of cement;It arranges in pairs or groups simultaneously Special dope layer, can further protect external wall and anti-corrosion, prevent wall occur hollowing, cracking, dusting, Moisture condensation and dropping situations.
Certainly, representative instance only of the invention more than, in addition to this, the present invention can also have other a variety of specific implementations Mode, all technical solutions formed using equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation, is all fallen within the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall, including base and fire-retardant fungus resistant coating, the fire-retardant fungus resistant coating Coated in base, which is characterized in that the base includes the raw material of following parts by weight:9-16 parts of complex fiber material, pearl 6-8 parts of rock, 4-8 parts of flyash, 7-11 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 2-4 parts of stannous chloride, 30-40 parts of modification infusorial earth, shepardite 5- 10 parts, 1-3 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, 1-3 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, 20-30 parts of Portland cement, it is for building bear from Sub- powder 5-15 parts, 10-20 parts of Lauxite, 1-3 parts of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.2-0.8 parts of lauryl sodium sulfate, methylcellulose 0.3-0.5 parts, 0.3-0.5 parts of calgon;The insulating layer includes the raw material of following parts by weight:4-8 parts of magnesium hydroxide, Huang 3-6 parts of virgin rubber, 5-8 parts of dimethyl ester, 3.5-7 parts of stearic acid, 3-6 parts of linear low density polyethylene, 4-10 parts of nitrile rubber, 5-7 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, 10-14 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 4-10 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 6-8 parts of oleamide, mica powder 5-10 Part, 1-5 parts of coupling agent, 3-5 parts of dispersant, 0.1-1 parts of fire retardant, 5-10 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 5-9 parts of water.
2. fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The base include with The raw material of lower parts by weight:9 parts of complex fiber material, 6 parts of perlite, 4 parts of flyash, 7 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, 2 parts of stannous chloride, 30 parts of modification infusorial earth, 5 parts of shepardite, 1 part of re-dispersible glue powder, 1 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, Portland cement 20 Part, 5 parts of negative ion powder for building, 10 parts of Lauxite, 1 part of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.2 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, Methyl cellulose Plain 0.3 part, 0.3 part of calgon;The insulating layer includes the raw material of following parts by weight:4 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 3 parts of xanthans, 5 parts of dimethyl ester, 3.5 parts of stearic acid, 3 parts of linear low density polyethylene, 4 parts of nitrile rubber, 5 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, crystallization II 10 parts of type ammonium polyphosphate, 4 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 6 parts of oleamide, 5 parts of mica powder, 1 part of coupling agent, 3 parts of dispersant, fire retardant 0.1 Part, 5 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 5 parts of water.
3. fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The base include with The raw material of lower parts by weight:16 parts of complex fiber material, 8 parts of perlite, 8 parts of flyash, 11 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, stannous chloride 4 Part, 40 parts of modification infusorial earth, 10 parts of shepardite, 3 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, 3 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, normal silicate water 30 parts of mud, 15 parts of negative ion powder for building, 20 parts of Lauxite, 3 parts of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.8 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, methyl 0.5 part of cellulose, 0.5 part of calgon;The insulating layer includes the raw material of following parts by weight:8 parts of magnesium hydroxide, xanthans 6 parts, 8 parts of dimethyl ester, 7 parts of stearic acid, 6 parts of linear low density polyethylene, 10 parts of nitrile rubber, 7 parts of phosphoric acid hydrogen two aluminium, knot Brilliant 14 parts of II type ammonium polyphosphate, 10 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 8 parts of oleamide, 10 parts of mica powder, 5 parts of coupling agent, 5 parts of dispersant, fire retardant 1 part, 10 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 9 parts of water.
4. fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The base include with The raw material of lower parts by weight:12.5 parts of complex fiber material, 7 parts of perlite, 6 parts of flyash, 9 parts of nanometer calcium sulfate, stannous chloride 3 Part, 35 parts of modification infusorial earth, 7.5 parts of shepardite, 2 parts of re-dispersible glue powder, 2 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, normal silicate 25 parts of cement, 10 parts of negative ion powder for building, 15 parts of Lauxite, 2 parts of polysulphonamide fiber, 0.5 part of lauryl sodium sulfate, first 0.4 part of base cellulose, 0.4 part of calgon;The insulating layer includes the raw material of following parts by weight:6 parts of magnesium hydroxide, xanthan 4.5 parts of glue, 6.5 parts of dimethyl ester, 4.75 parts of stearic acid, 4.5 parts of linear low density polyethylene, 7 parts of nitrile rubber, phosphoric acid hydrogen Two 6 parts of aluminium, 12 parts of crystal II-type ammonium polyphosphate, 7 parts of Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 7 parts of oleamide, 7.5 parts of mica powder, 3 parts of coupling agent, dispersant 4 parts, 0.5 part of fire retardant, 7.5 parts of polyvinyl butyral, 7 parts of water.
5. the fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that:It is described Coupling agent is silane coupling agent.
6. fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The dispersant is poly- Ethylene glycol.
7. fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The fire retardant is two Silica.
CN201611158331.3A 2016-12-15 2016-12-15 A kind of fire-retardant mould proof anti-shank color building heat insulating exterior wall Withdrawn CN108218370A (en)

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