A kind of carton forming method
The present invention relates to packed in cases fields, are especially a kind of carton forming method.
In recent years, with the continuous improvement of living standards, the purchasing power of people greatly enhances, this is can provide convenient service
And the e-commerce of quality-high and inexpensive commodity brings infinite commercial opportunities.However it is managed initial stage in on-line shop, small-sized on-line shop often face
Neck the problem of few work human hand, heavy workload, and for on-line shop, the packagings of commodity then becomes in every a order workload most
The outer packings of commodity is primarily to meet safe, portable demand when commodity carry out express transportation, main point
For packed in cases and paper bag packing, and packed in cases workload needs carton forming and carton compared with paper bag packing workload bigger
A series of activities, the manually-operated telephone expenses things such as encapsulation are laborious.But existing carton packing machine is mainly biased to flowing water type operation, whole
Floor space is larger, and cost is higher, mostly medium-and-large-sized enterprise procurement, poor for Small shop generalization.
Patent No. CN201520891248.1 discloses a kind of novel article carton packing machine, it includes rack, carton
Transmission device, active mould closer, case face sealing adhesive device, the carton conveyor be included in the screw set in rack, with
The screw connecting seat of wire rod thread configuration, the carton clamp system being connected with screw connecting seat, the active mould closer setting
In the top of carton conveyor, the active mould closer includes being arranged on the forward position mould assembling baffle of rack one end, rear edge conjunction
Case strut, the telescopic left driving lever for being symmetricly set on linkage support both sides and telescopic right driving lever, case face sealing adhesive device are set
It puts in the top of carton conveyor, case face sealing adhesive device includes molding machine and controls the elevator of molding machine oscilaltion
Wherein carton forming has main steps that active mould closer to complete, and active mould closer includes being fixed on machine
The forward position mould assembling baffle of frame one end, be arranged on the rack other end it is rear along mould assembling strut, be symmetricly set on linkage support both sides
Telescopic left driving lever and telescopic right driving lever, wherein, it is arranged in linkage support along mould assembling strut after described, in the both sides of rack
Three-dimensional guide rod guide rail is symmetrically arranged with, the both sides strut of the linkage support slides respectively with three-dimensional guide rod guide rail to be set, described
Telescopic left driving lever is identical with the structure of telescopic right driving lever, is the intersection guide rod being hinged, the telescopic left driving lever and
The end of telescopic right driving lever slides with three-dimensional guide rod guide rail and sets, and flexible by the promotion realization of linkage support.When need
When carton is carried out mould assembling action, in linkage support moving process, after travel forward progress along mould assembling strut after moved along mould assembling
Make, and carton moves forward one section of smaller displacement, carton forward position pushed to complete forward position mould assembling action by forward position mould assembling baffle,
It is front and rear completed along mould assembling action after, intersect guide rod under the promotion of linkage support, close up along desired trajectory double rod and to being pushed forward
Combined paper case or so is along progress mould assembling action and terminates carton mould assembling flow.
Bending action wherein is carried out because guide rod pushes directly on carton edge, it, can be to the outer of carton because frictional force is larger
It causes to wear in surface；In addition the transmission of carton, is by carton clamp system that paper box clip is next, its movement is driven by screw,
Due to being screw driving, speed is very slow, and efficiency is too low, and is difficult to realize continuous production.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of carton making machine, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
The technical scheme is that：Including machine table and the support plate being set up in above machine table, in support plate
Meta position has installed a rectangular opening, and positioning device and drawing mechanism are equipped between support plate and machine table, and positioning device includes two
The clamp arm of both sides below the rectangular opening, two clamp arm opposite mobile can either be clamped carton or pine backwards to mobile
It opens, drawing mechanism includes being set on the jacking block immediately below rectangular opening, and jacking block can be moved in vertical direction；Four are equipped with above support plate
The identical crimping unit of a structure, four crimping units surround a rectangle, and four crimping units are oppositely arranged two-by-two.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, between support plate and machine table be equipped with several connecting plates, connecting plate up and down
Both ends are connected on the lower face of support plate and the outside of machine table.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, positioning device further includes two clamp arm guide rails and two clamp arm driving gas
Cylinder, rectangular opening are slot, and two clamp arm guide rails are arranged below support plate, and two clamp arm guide rails are separately positioned on square
The side of one long side edge in shape hole, two clamp arm are symmetrical arranged along the long side center line of rectangular opening, and clamp arm is folded in clamp arm
A slot slided for clamp arm, two clamp arm driving cylinders point are formed between guide rail and support plate, between clamp arm guide rail and support plate
It is not arranged on the rear of a clamp arm, two clamp arm driving cylinders are sequentially connected respectively with respective clamp arm.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, clamp arm guide rail is L-shaped, and clamp arm guide rail, which is bolted, is fixed on support plate
Lower section, two clamp arm guide rails are symmetrical arranged along the short side center line of rectangular opening, and clamp arm is U-shaped, the both sides of clamp arm be respectively equipped with
The matched fin of clamp arm guide rail.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, drawing mechanism further includes fixed frame, sliding block and slider-actuated cylinder, fixed frame
It is fixed in machine table, fixed frame is made of the frame of a rectangle with the supporting leg being arranged below four angles of frame, frame
The projection of Internal periphery in the horizontal plane is covered in the projection of rectangular opening in the horizontal plane, under opposite two edge of frame
Side is respectively equipped with a slide block guide rail, and sliding block is slidably fitted on two slide block guide rails, is equipped at frame edge and extends outward
Stent, slider-actuated cylinder is fixed on the stent, and slider-actuated cylinder coordinates with sliding block transmission, slider-actuated cylinder
For the sliding block horizontal linear to be driven to move, sliding block top is equipped with the first inclined-plane, and the bottom of jacking block is equipped with connecting portion, the connection
The lower part in portion, which is equipped with, to be mounted in matched second inclined-plane in the first inclined-plane on sliding block, connecting portion on sliding block, sliding block horizontal linear
When mobile, the horizontal linear movement of sliding block is converted to the vertical shift of jacking block by the cooperation on the first inclined-plane and the second inclined-plane.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, jacking block is rectangular, and four angles of jacking block are respectively arranged below with a guide rod,
Guide rod is vertically arranged, and guide rod is interspersed in machine table.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, crimping unit includes two symmetrically arranged slide unit guide rails, and two slide units are led
Rail is equipped with the slide unit coordinated with its slide-and-guide, is fixed with roller stent on slide unit, roller stent is provided with rectangular opening and prolongs
The two spaced cantilevers stretched are transferred between two cantilevers fixed there are one roller, and crimping unit further includes slide unit driving
Cylinder, slide unit driving cylinder are sequentially connected with the slide unit.
The present invention provides a kind of carton making machine herein by improving, and compared with prior art, has following improve and excellent
Point：After the present invention is cooperated use with existing conveyer belt, cylinder, sealing adhesive device, the automatic of packed in cases can be realized
Change, continuous production, beneficial to the raising of production efficiency；It mainly controls each device action using cylinder, realizes the liter of carton
Drop, positioning and flanging process, can quickly make carton forming, efficient, easy to operate, equipment cost is low；It is by roller
The edge bending of carton is pushed, is rolling friction between roller and carton, can be damaged to avoid the outer surface of carton.
Description of the drawings
The present invention is further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the crimping unit structure diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is the side view one of the present invention；
Fig. 4 is the side view two of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is the broken section structure diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 6 is the partial structural diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 7 is the drawing mechanism structure diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 8 is the drawing mechanism partial structural diagram of the present invention；
Machine table 1, support plate 2, connecting plate 2b, positioning device 3, clamp arm 3a, fin 3a1, clamp arm guide rail 3b, clamp arm driving cylinder
3c, drawing mechanism 4, jacking block 4a, connecting portion 4a1, guide rod 4a2, fixed frame 4b, frame 4b1, supporting leg 4b2, sliding block 4c, sliding block
Driving cylinder 4d, slide block guide rail 4e, stent 4f, crimping unit 5, slide unit guide rail 5a, slide unit 5b, roller stent 5c, cantilever 5c1,
Roller 5d, slide unit driving cylinder 5e.
Below in conjunction with attached drawing 1- Fig. 8, the present invention is described in detail, to the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention into
Row clearly and completely describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only the reality of part of the embodiment of the present invention rather than whole
Apply example.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained without making creative work
Every other embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention provides a kind of carton making machine herein by improving, and including machine table 1 and is set up in 1 top of machine table
Support plate 2, the centre position of support plate 2 is equipped with a rectangular opening, positioning device 3 is equipped between support plate 2 and machine table 1 and is gone out
Expect device 4, positioning device 3 includes two clamp arm 3a for being set on both sides below rectangular opening, two clamp arm 3a can it is opposite mobile or
Person is clamped or unclamps to carton backwards to movement, and drawing mechanism 4 includes being set on the jacking block 4a, jacking block 4a immediately below rectangular opening
It can be moved in vertical direction；2 top of support plate is set there are four the identical crimping unit 5 of structure, and four crimping units 5 surround one
A rectangle, and four crimping units 5 are oppositely arranged two-by-two.
The present invention cooperates use jointly with two conveyer belts and a sealing adhesive device, and two conveyer belts are respectively used to
Unformed carton is delivered to 2 top of support plate, carton after molding is transported away by another conveyer belt.Specifically, it is to need
To set up one layer of tablet again in the top of support plate 2（Dotted line show tablet in Fig. 1）, tablet is parallel with support plate 2, and two
A conveyer belt is at right angles distributed in the both direction of tablet, and a blanking is also set respectively on the another two direction of tablet upper surface
Cylinder and above-mentioned sealing adhesive device.During work, unformed carton is delivered to 2 top of support plate by one of conveyer belt,
At this point, jacking block 4a should be moved to the highest point of its stroke, i.e. jacking block 4a is moved to the position equal with tablet, and carton passes through biography
After band is sent to be delivered to right over tablet, jacking block 4a is moved to the lowest part of stroke, and the 3a opposite directions movement of latter two clamp arm is by carton
It clamps, after clamping, 5 prerequisite activity of opposite two crimping unit in four crimping units 5, opposite to carton two edges
It is bent, row work after other two opposite crimping units 5 in four crimping units 5, the another two opposite to carton
Edge is bent, and two bent after making edge is compressed on two edges of first bending, in this way, making carton forming；Molding
Afterwards, two clamp arm 3a unclamp carton, jacking block 4a is moved to the highest point of its stroke, by sealing adhesive device to carton backwards to movement
Sealing is carried out, then has blanking cylinder by carton after molding, the conveyer belt for blanking is pushed to, carton is transported away.Such as
This, after the present invention is cooperated use with existing conveyer belt, cylinder, sealing adhesive device, can realize packed in cases oneself
Dynamicization, continuous production, beneficial to the raising of production efficiency.
In addition to the implementation, the present invention can also match with two conveyer belts, a manipulator and sealing adhesive device and close
To use.Specifically, it is that front and rear sides or the left and right sides in support plate 2 set a conveyer belt, two transmission respectively
The conveying direction of band is identical, and manipulator set up on the supporting plate 2, and manipulator sets that there are two grabbing assemblies；One conveyer belt will
Unformed carton is delivered to its end（Close to the position of support plate 2）Etc. to be processed, four crimping units 5 work to carton into
Row bending makes carton forming, and rear jacking block 4a rises the position that carton is raised to suitable grabbing assembly crawl, sealing dress
It puts and joint sealing is carried out to carton, manipulator movement enables two grabbing assemblies respectively by carton to be processed and after molding
Carton captures, and after crawl, carton to be processed is placed on jacking block 4a by the traversing station of manipulator a, grabbing assembly,
Carton after molding is placed on another conveyer belt by another grabbing assembly, is conveyed carton after molding by conveyer belt
It walks.In this way, after the present invention cooperates practicality with existing conveyer belt, manipulator, sealing adhesive device, carton packet can be equally realized
The automation of dress, continuous production, beneficial to the raising of production efficiency.
Preferably, several connecting plate 2b are equipped between support plate 2 and machine table 1, the upper and lower ends of connecting plate 2b connect respectively
It is connected on the lower face of support plate 2 and the outside of machine table 1.The effect of connecting plate 2b is that support plate 2 is erected at machine table 1
On, and while this purpose of fixed support plate 2 is realized, the space between machine table 1 and support plate 2 is not take up, so as to
The space for installing other devices can be reserved.
Preferably, positioning device 3 further includes two clamp arm guide rail 3b and two clamp arm driving cylinder 3c, and rectangular opening is length
Square hole, two clamp arm guide rail 3b are arranged on 2 lower section of support plate, and two clamp arm guide rail 3b are separately positioned on the one of rectangular opening
The side of a long side edge, two clamp arm 3a are symmetrical arranged along the long side center line of rectangular opening, and clamp arm 3a is folded in clamp arm guide rail
A slot slided for clamp arm 3a is formed between 3b and support plate 2, between clamp arm guide rail 3b and support plate 2, two clamp arm drive gas
Cylinder 3c is separately positioned on the rear of a clamp arm 3a, and two clamp arm driving cylinder 3c are sequentially connected respectively with respective clamp arm 3a.
Clamp arm 3a come fixed mode, the most simply, practical, and is driven by two clamp arm guide rail 3b using cylinder, the most directly,
Preferably, clamp arm guide rail 3b is L-shaped, and clamp arm guide rail 3b is bolted the lower section for being fixed on support plate 2, two
Clamp arm guide rail 3b is symmetrical arranged along the short side center line of rectangular opening, and clamp arm 3a is U-shaped, and the both sides of clamp arm 3a are respectively equipped with leads with clamp arm
The matched fin 3a1 of rail 3b.Fin 3a1 and clamp arm 3a is integrally formed, and clamp arm 3a setting l-shaped can be naturally in clamp arm guide rail
The slot slided for clamp arm 3a is formed between 3b and support plate 2, that is, accommodates the slot that fin 3a1 is slided.
Preferably, drawing mechanism 4 further includes fixed frame 4b, sliding block 4c and slider-actuated cylinder 4d, and fixed frame 4b is fixed on
In machine table 1, fixed frame 4b is made of the frame 4b1 of a rectangle with the supporting leg 4b2 being arranged below tetra- angles of frame 4b1,
The projection of the Internal periphery of frame 4b1 in the horizontal plane is covered in the projection of rectangular opening in the horizontal plane, and frame 4b1's is opposite
Two edges are respectively arranged below with a slide block guide rail 4e, and sliding block 4c is slidably fitted on two slide block guide rail 4e, frame 4b1
Edge is equipped with the stent 4f that extends outward, and slider-actuated cylinder 4d is fixed on stent 4f, slider-actuated cylinder 4d with
The sliding block 4c transmissions cooperation, for the sliding block 4c horizontal linears to be driven to move, sliding block 4c tops are set slider-actuated cylinder 4d
There is the first inclined-plane, the bottom of jacking block 4a is equipped with connecting portion 4a1, and the lower part of connecting portion 4a1 is equipped with and upper first inclined-planes of sliding block 4c
Matched second inclined-plane, connecting portion 4a1 are mounted on sliding block 4c, when sliding block 4c horizontal linears move, by the first inclined-plane and
The horizontal linear movement of sliding block 4c is converted to the vertical shift of jacking block 4a by the cooperation on the second inclined-plane.Coordinated using two inclined-planes
Mode, the installation that can make component is compacter, increases space availability ratio.
Preferably, jacking block 4a is rectangular, and four angles of jacking block 4a are respectively arranged below with a guide rod 4a2, and guide rod 4a2 is erected
Straight setting, guide rod 4a2 are interspersed in machine table 1.Guide rod 4a2 is used to be oriented to the movement of jacking block 4a.
Preferably, crimping unit 5 includes two symmetrically arranged slide unit guide rail 5a, and two slide unit guide rail 5a are equipped with and it
Roller stent 5c is fixed on the slide unit 5b of slide-and-guide cooperation, slide unit 5b, roller stent 5c is provided with rectangular opening extension
It transfers between two spaced cantilever 5c1, two cantilever 5c1 fixed there are one roller 5d, crimping unit 5 further includes slide unit
Cylinder 5e, the slide unit driving cylinder 5e and slide unit 5b is driven to be sequentially connected.Slide unit driving cylinder 5e is used to drive slide unit 5b edges
Slide unit guide rail 5a is moved, and during slide unit 5b is moved, roller 5d is driven to be moved to carton direction, and paper is pushed by roller 5d
The edge bending of case；It is rolling friction between roller 5d and carton, therefore can be damaged to avoid the outer surface of carton.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables professional and technical personnel in the field to realize or use the present invention.
A variety of modifications of these embodiments will be apparent for those skilled in the art, it is as defined herein
General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, it is of the invention
The embodiments shown herein is not intended to be limited to, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one
The most wide range caused.