CN108211082A - Anal fistula is vented drainage tube - Google Patents

Anal fistula is vented drainage tube Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108211082A
CN108211082A CN201611145850.6A CN201611145850A CN108211082A CN 108211082 A CN108211082 A CN 108211082A CN 201611145850 A CN201611145850 A CN 201611145850A CN 108211082 A CN108211082 A CN 108211082A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe shaft
slice
patient
drainage tube
bundles
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611145850.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108211082B (en
Inventor
李朝西
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李朝西
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Priority to CN201611145850.6A priority Critical patent/CN108211082B/en
Publication of CN108211082A publication Critical patent/CN108211082A/en
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Publication of CN108211082B publication Critical patent/CN108211082B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0017Catheters; Hollow probes specially adapted for long-term hygiene care, e.g. urethral or indwelling catheters to prevent infections
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0067Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the distal end, e.g. tips
    • A61M25/0068Static characteristics of the catheter tip, e.g. shape, atraumatic tip, curved tip or tip structure
    • A61M25/007Side holes, e.g. their profiles or arrangements; Provisions to keep side holes unblocked

Abstract

Anal fistula of the present invention is vented drainage tube, is related to a kind of alimentary canal medical auxiliary apparatus.The drainage tube, the side wall of pipe shaft are provided with side opening;The plastic tube of pipe shaft plasticity or the rubber tube of plasticity are made;The rear end of the pipe shaft extends back the slice of more phase same materials;Each slice gathers into bundles the grips that may make up and the pipe shaft is inserted or pull out to patient anus;Each slice scatters, and does not influence patient and sits or lie low.In use, each slice is gathered into bundles and is pinched on hand, you can pipe shaft is inserted into its anal canal and rectum by the anus of patient using bundles of slice;The pipe shaft of plasticity, which is trapped in patient's body, patient to be made to have sense of discomfort.After loosing one's grip, each slice scatters, and does not interfere with patient and sits or lie low.During extraction, then each slice is gathered into bundles and is pinched on hand, you can extracted pipe shaft from the anus of patient using bundles of slice.

Description

Anal fistula is vented drainage tube
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of alimentary canal medical auxiliary apparatus.
Background technology
The anorectal region position of human body alimentary canal end is the important channel of " blowdown ", at the handing-over position of anal canal and rectum There are anus crypts, anal gland conduit and anus body of gland.Faecal retention is in anus crypts, once bacterium invades anus crypts, anal gland conduit Or anus body of gland, anal gland will be caused scorching, lead to perianal abscess;After perianal abscess extends to the skin of anus periphery and ulceration, purulence Liquid excludes, and vomica is gradually reduced to form anal fistula.The method for treating anal fistula is mainly surgical operation, as anal fistulectomy and hanging wire are treated Method;The principle of these modus operandis is to cut fistula road, forms the open surface of a wound, promotes to heal.Since the healing of the surface of a wound needs The time in ten or twenty day, during which the surface of a wound have the liquid such as fester discharge, if cannot be drained in time, gently if wound healing it is slow It is heavy then form false healing due to epidermal growth is fast, eventually lead to anal fistula recurrence.On the other hand, the fester of the surface of a wound can cause tighter The inflammation of weight and abscess, it is the very grieved thing by enduring hardships of part to clean dressing for patient, and family numbers of patients is also and then distressed.
It is 201020647911.0 that Chinese utility model patent specification CN 201880187U, which disclose number of patent application, The technical solution of entitled " anal fistula and perianal abscess irrigation drainage tube ", the pvc material of proposition hard are made hollow Pipe shaft and tube head, the two ending connection;The tail portion of pipe shaft is equipped with side opening, and projection portion and/or concave portion are set among pipe shaft, manages There is the projection portion of fixed position on head.In use, pipe body part is inserted into the enteric cavity of patient, projection portion on pipe shaft and recessed Play the role of fixing irrigation drainage tube in vivo in part.Lug boss on tube head fixes irrigation drainage tube in vitro when being used to rinse It is allowed to be coupled with flushing device.
But the also presence of this irrigation drainage tube has a disadvantage that:1, the tube head of hard is exposed, and patient can only lie on one's side or bow It is sleeping, it is impossible to lie low or sit.2, the pipe shaft of hard is inserted in patient's body, very uncomfortable.
Invention content
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of anal fistula for overcoming drawbacks described above is vented drainage tube.
The technical scheme is that:Anal fistula is vented drainage tube, and the side wall of pipe shaft is provided with side opening;The pipe shaft is to use plasticity Plastic tube or the rubber tube of plasticity be made;The rear end of the pipe shaft extends back the slice of more phase same materials;It is each thin Item gathers into bundles the grips that may make up and the pipe shaft is inserted or pull out to patient anus;Each slice scatters, and does not influence patient's seat Or it lies low.
This drainage tube, it is simple in structure, it is readily produced.Its material source is extensive, and ordinary people can make temporarily.It uses When, each slice is gathered into bundles and is pinched on hand, you can pipe shaft is inserted into it by the anus of patient using bundles of slice Anal canal and rectum;The pipe shaft of plasticity, which is trapped in patient's body, patient to be made to have sense of discomfort.After loosing one's grip, each slice scatters, Patient is not interfered with to sit or lie low.During extraction, then each slice is gathered into bundles and is pinched on hand, you can utilize bundles of slice Pipe shaft is extracted from the anus of patient.Grips (handgrip) is formed after these slice bunchys, scattering, which does not influence patient, sits or lie low; So into and out convenient when the drainage tube uses;Patient using when be comfortable on.
In the implementation structure of recommendation:The length of the pipe shaft is 4-8 centimetres, and the outer diameter of the pipe shaft is 0.6-1.2 centimetres; The length of the slice is 3-5 centimetres and width is the pipe shaft wall thickness 2-5 times.
These structural parameters of drainage tube meet the anatomical features of people's alimentary canal end, can also save manufacture drainage tube Material.
Particularly:The front end of the pipe shaft is inwardly shrunk to hemispherical.
This pipe shaft is easily inserted the anus of patient, and when reducing insertion patient pain.
And then:There are one through-holes at the top of the hemispherical front end of the pipe shaft.
The gas that the through-hole is conducive in Intestinal Mucosal Injury in Patients Undergoing directs out discharge, reduces the pressure in enteron aisle, prevent excrement and Harmful intestinal gas pollution surface of a wound;Be conducive to accelerate the healing of the surface of a wound.
In the implementation structure of recommendation:Housing made of the periphery cladding flexible material of the pipe shaft, the housing correspond to institute The side opening stated is equipped with corresponding via.
Housing made of this flexible material can improve comfort when pipe shaft insertion and indwelling patient's body.
Further:The housing is made of permeable, ventilative concrete dynamic modulus flexible material, and the via outer is put on by this It is formed with each hole of the pipe shaft side opening corresponding position.
The housing made of permeable, ventilative concrete dynamic modulus flexible material (such as cotton wool fabric, thin felt etc.), is conducive to dipping Mixed with sterilization, myogenic pharmaceutical lubricant, it can both improve comfort level during use, and can also directly facilitate the healing of the surface of a wound.
Anal fistula of the present invention is vented drainage tube, manufactures pipe shaft using the tubing of plasticity, solve rigid pipe makes in vivo The uncomfortable problem of the patient feels.Meanwhile the slice of more phase same materials by being extended back in the setting of the rear end of pipe shaft, The grips that can scatter is formed, so that the pipe shaft is inserted or pull out the anus of patient by user.The construction of this grips, both Facilitate the plug of pipe shaft, and will not go to inside the anus of patient go, and feeling when patient lies low or is seated is not just as having Intubation is the same naturally, other positions will not be hurt.It can be to avoid using ligating method for treating anal fistula, the anus of patient using the treatment of this drainage tube Door remains complete anus, usually cleans well, the grieved sense of patient decreases without the notch of hanging wire.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram that anal fistula of the present invention is vented drainage tube one embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram that anal fistula of the present invention is vented another embodiment of drainage tube.
Fig. 3 is the A-A cross-sectional views of Fig. 2 embodiments.
Specific embodiment
First, embodiment one
The stereochemical structure of anal fistula exhaust drainage tube one embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, round or oval cross section The plastic tube of the plasticity of pipe shaft 1 or the rubber tube of plasticity be made;The side wall of pipe shaft 1 is provided with 2-10 side opening 2;Pipe shaft 1 Rear end extend back the slices 3 of more phase same materials.The length of pipe shaft 1 is 4-8 centimetres, and the outer diameter of pipe shaft 1 is 0.6-1.2 The aperture of centimetre side openings 2 is 1-5 millimeter, if aperture select it is smaller if can be balanced by increasing the quantity of side opening 2.Slice 3 Length is 3-5 centimetres and width is 1 wall thickness of pipe shaft 2-5 times, if wall thickness greatly if the width can be a little bit smaller, to ensure slice 3 There is appropriate flexibility;The small then width of wall thickness should be larger, to ensure that slice 3 has enough intensity.Adjacent two slices 3 it Between the width at interval 4 determine that pliability is high or wall thickness is small, between can reducing according to the wall thickness of 1 material softness degree of pipe shaft and pipe shaft 1 Every 4 width;Otherwise it is considered as increasing the width.
Before the present embodiment, can first have the pipe shaft 1 of suitable length and caliber by the physiology size selection of patients anal canal Drainage tube and it is sterilized, be then wrapped in backward on pipe shaft 1 from 1 front end of pipe shaft of the drainage tube with sterilized gauze, The gauze should shelter from the front port of 1 endoporus 11 of pipe shaft.It is (as golden in contained that the ointment containing sterilization, disinfecting drug is smeared on gauze again The ointment of the antibiotic such as mycin, erythromycin dissipates, the medical ventolin of Shengji San mixed with the mould peace of match).Around patient anus After cleaning, disinfection, each slice 3 of above-mentioned drainage tube is gathered into bundles and is pinched on hand, gauze will be tied with using bundles of slice 3 Pipe shaft 1 its anal canal and rectum are inserted by the anus of patient;The pipe shaft 1 of plasticity, which is trapped in patient's body, to have patient Sense of discomfort.After loosing one's grip, each slice 3 scatters, then the anal circumference of patient is wrapped up with gauze or paper handkerchief (or diaper).It scatters Each slice 3 does not interfere with patient and sits or lie low.The fester of corrective surgery surface of a wound discharge can the side opening 2 through pipe shaft 1 and interior automatically Hole 11 discharges, and is absorbed by gauze or paper handkerchief.The gas of patient's enteral also can be arranged directly the endoporus 11 through pipe shaft 1 outward Go out.Even if the front end of endoporus 11 is blocked by excrement, the gas of patient's enteral also can enter endoporus by the side opening 2 through pipe shaft 1 freely It 11 and discharges.When needing to extract drainage tube, then slice 3 each on the drainage tube is gathered into bundles and is pinched on hand, utilized Bundles of slice 3 extracts pipe shaft 1 from the anus of patient.
2nd, embodiment two
The structure of another embodiment of anal fistula exhaust drainage tube of the present invention, as shown in Figures 2 and 3.The pipe of circular cross section The plastic tube of the plasticity of body 1 ' or the rubber tube of plasticity are made;The side wall of pipe shaft 1 ' is provided with 2-10 side opening 2;Pipe shaft 1 ' Front end is inwardly shrunk to hemispherical.There are one through-holes 13 ' at the top of the hemispherical front end 12 ' of pipe shaft 1 '.The rear end of pipe shaft 1 ' to Extend the slice 3 ' of more phase same materials afterwards.The length of pipe shaft 1 ' is 4-8 centimetres, and the outer diameter of pipe shaft 1 ' is 0.6-1.2 centimetres of The aperture of side opening 2 ' is 1-5 millimeters, can be balanced if aperture selection is smaller by increasing the quantity of side opening 2 '.The length of slice 3 ' Spend 2-5 times that for 3-5 centimetres and width is 1 ' wall thickness of pipe shaft, if wall thickness greatly if the width can be a little bit smaller, to ensure slice 3 ' There is appropriate flexibility;The width should be larger if wall thickness is small, to ensure that slice 3 ' has enough intensity.Adjacent two slices The width that 4 ' are spaced between 3 ' determines that pliability is high or wall thickness is small according to the wall thickness of 1 ' material softness degree of pipe shaft and pipe shaft 1 ', The width at interval 4 ' can be reduced;Otherwise it is considered as increasing the width.
Housing 5 ' made of the periphery cladding flexible material (flexible foamed plastics or staple product etc.) of pipe shaft 1 ', outside The corresponding side opening 2 ' of set 5 ' is equipped with corresponding via 6 '.Certainly, housing 6 ' can also use permeable, ventilative concrete dynamic modulus flexible material (such as cotton wool fabric, thin felt) is made, then corresponding via is by each with 1 ' side opening of pipe shaft, 2 ' corresponding position on housing 5 ' Hole is formed.
Before the present embodiment, can first have the pipe shaft 1 ' of suitable length and caliber by the physiology size selection of patients anal canal Drainage tube and it is sterilized, then smeared on its housing 5 ' containing sterilization, disinfecting drug ointment (as containing aureomycin, red mould The ointment of the antibiotic such as element dissipates, the medical ventolin of Shengji San mixed with the mould peace of match).To clearing up, sterilizing around patient anus Afterwards, each slice 3 ' of the drainage tube is gathered into bundles and pinched on hand, pipe shaft 1 ' is passed through patient's using bundles of slice 3 ' Anus is inserted into its anal canal and rectum;The pipe shaft 1 ' of plasticity and the housing 5 ' of periphery softness, which are trapped in patient's body, will not make patient There is sense of discomfort.After loosing one's grip, each slice 3 ' scatters, then the anal circumference of patient is wrapped up with gauze or paper handkerchief (or diaper).It dissipates The each slice 3 ' opened does not interfere with patient and sits or lie low.The fester of corrective surgery surface of a wound discharge can the via through housing 5 ' automatically 6 ' and the side opening 2 ' and endoporus 11 ' of pipe shaft 1 ' discharge, and absorbed by gauze or paper handkerchief.Both family members was facilitated to nurse, patient's Wound totally might as well cleaning.The through-hole 13 ' and the endoporus of pipe shaft 1 ' that the gas of patient's enteral also can be directly through 1 ' front end 12 ' of pipe shaft 11 ' discharge.Even if through-hole 13 ' is blocked (or not setting through-hole 13 ' on the hemispheric front end 12 ' of pipe shaft 1 ') by excrement, suffer from The via 6 ' and the side opening 2 ' of pipe shaft 1 ' that the gas of person's enteral also can be freely through housing 5 ' into endoporus 11 ' and discharge. When needing to extract drainage tube, then slice 3 ' each on the drainage tube is gathered into bundles and is pinched on hand, utilize bundles of slice 3 ' Pipe shaft 1 ' is extracted from the anus of patient.
The above, only present pre-ferred embodiments do not limit the range of the invention implemented, skill under this invention with this The equivalent changes and modifications that art scheme and description are made should all belong to the range that the present invention covers.

Claims (6)

1. anal fistula is vented drainage tube, the side wall of pipe shaft is provided with side opening;It is characterized in that:The pipe shaft be with the plastic tube of plasticity or The rubber tube of plasticity is made;The rear end of the pipe shaft extends back the slice of more phase same materials;Each slice gathers into bundles It may make up the grips that the pipe shaft is inserted or pull out to patient anus;Each slice scatters, and does not influence patient and sits or lie low.
2. anal fistula according to claim 1 is vented drainage tube, it is characterised in that:The length of the pipe shaft is 4-8 centimetres, should The outer diameter of pipe shaft is 0.6-1.2 centimetres;The length of the slice is 3-5 centimetres and width is the pipe shaft wall thickness 2-5 times.
3. anal fistula according to claim 2 is vented drainage tube, it is characterised in that:The front end of the pipe shaft is inwardly shrunk to half It is spherical.
4. anal fistula according to claim 3 is vented drainage tube, it is characterised in that:The top of the hemispherical front end of the pipe shaft There are one through-holes.
5. anal fistula according to claim 3 or 4 is vented drainage tube, it is characterised in that:The periphery cladding of the pipe shaft is flexible Housing made of material, the housing correspond to the side opening and are equipped with corresponding via.
6. anal fistula according to claim 5 is vented drainage tube, it is characterised in that:The housing is by permeable, ventilative more Pore space flexible material is made, and the via is made of outer put on each hole of the pipe shaft side opening corresponding position.
CN201611145850.6A 2016-12-13 2016-12-13 Anal fistula exhaust drainage tube Active CN108211082B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611145850.6A CN108211082B (en) 2016-12-13 2016-12-13 Anal fistula exhaust drainage tube

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611145850.6A CN108211082B (en) 2016-12-13 2016-12-13 Anal fistula exhaust drainage tube

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108211082A true CN108211082A (en) 2018-06-29
CN108211082B CN108211082B (en) 2020-05-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611145850.6A Active CN108211082B (en) 2016-12-13 2016-12-13 Anal fistula exhaust drainage tube

Country Status (1)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105597219A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-05-25 苏州天平华昌医疗器械有限公司 Double-cannula drainage tube
JP2016140380A (en) * 2015-01-29 2016-08-08 クリエートメディック株式会社 Rectal drain
CN206822929U (en) * 2016-12-13 2018-01-02 李朝西 Anal fistula is vented drainage tube

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016140380A (en) * 2015-01-29 2016-08-08 クリエートメディック株式会社 Rectal drain
CN105597219A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-05-25 苏州天平华昌医疗器械有限公司 Double-cannula drainage tube
CN206822929U (en) * 2016-12-13 2018-01-02 李朝西 Anal fistula is vented drainage tube

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CN108211082B (en) 2020-05-22

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