A kind of fruit washing apparatus
The present invention relates to food processing technology field, specially a kind of fruit washing apparatus.
It cleans firstly the need of the fruit to generation processing when being processed or packing to fruit, is carried out to fruit
Can expend a large amount of manpower and materials during artificial cleaning, wherein large batch of can be cleaned by cleaning equipment cleaning and
It avoids and manually cleans sordid situation.
A kind of fruit washing apparatus that Chinese invention patent Publication No. CN107259607A is provided is fed including fruit
Bucket, cleaning equipment, head cover, discharging bin, housing and material-dividing groove, the head cover are fixedly mounted on the top of housing, fruit feed hopper
It is fixedly mounted on head cover, telescopic machine is fixedly mounted on the top of head cover and positioned at the center of head cover, and cleaning equipment is fixedly mounted
In the inside of housing, housing bottom is equipped with pedestal, and weather board is set on the inside of housing, and two roll shafts are installed respectively by fixed frame
Conveyer belt is equipped between the both ends of weather board, two roll shafts, baffle is fixedly mounted on the both sides of roll shaft, and motor is fixedly mounted on
On pedestal.The invention is sprayed water by nozzle, wherein the water sprayed is directly fallen on cleaning wheel, ejected wash water can not be directly right
Fruit surface is directly cleaned, and then is susceptible to the sordid situation of cleaning to fruit cleaning for a long time in cleaning wheel.
A kind of fruit washer that Chinese invention patent Publication No. CN106262972A is provided, including the first cleaning
Case, the second cleaning case and water purifying tank are provided with removable cover at the top of the first cleaning case, and the side of the first cleaning case is provided with into water
Pipe, the side of the first cleaning case are provided with the first motor, and the first cleaning case is internally provided with rolling net cylinder, and roll in net cylinder
Cover board is provided with, the shaft for rolling net cylinder one end is fixedly connected by shaft coupling with the shaft on the first motor, rolls net cylinder
The other end is flexibly connected with the bearing that the first cleaning chamber interior wall is equipped with.The invention can recycle the water in cleaning process
It utilizes, has effectively saved water resource, secondary invention does not carry out wiping processing after being cleaned to fruit to fruit so that clean
Fruit can not carry out next step processing immediately, and the moisture of fruit surface it is unfavorable to the storage of fruit so that can not immediately into
Row packaging, and then also need to drain fruit, delay the time of processing.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of fruit washing apparatus, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical solution：
A kind of fruit washing apparatus, including rack, wiper mechanism and desiccant body, wherein：
Wiper mechanism is made of water washing mechanism and conveying mechanism, the water washing mechanism include water tank, water pipe I, water pump,
Water pipe, cleaning brush, belt wheel I, motor I and transmission belt I, the water tank are mounted on frame underside, and described I one end of water pipe is mounted on
On water tank, the other end be mounted on pump intake, the water pipe be mounted on pump outlet on, on water pipe be equipped with four water
Pipe II, four cleaning brush are mounted on by bearing in rack, and the motor I is fixedly mounted in rack, and four described clear
It scrubs equipped with belt wheel I, I power output end of motor is equipped with belt wheel I, is connected between two adjacent cleaning brush by transmission belt I
Connect, wherein the cleaning brush close to motor I be connected by transmission belt I with motor I and；
Conveying mechanism includes motor II, driving pulley, transmission belt II, driven pulley, rotating roller, belt wheel II, transmission belt III
And supporting rack, the motor II are mounted in rack, the driving pulley is set on II power output shaft of motor, the rotation
Roller has several, and rotating roller is mounted on supporting rack by bearing, and rotating roller one end is respectively arranged with belt wheel II, wherein apart from motor II most
A near rotating roller other end is installed with driven pulley, and several belt wheels II are solidly set on together by transmission belt III, described
Transmission belt II is solidly set on driving pulley and driven pulley, and support frame as described above is fixedly mounted on the supporting plate；
Desiccant body is made of conveyer belt, guide rail and clamping device, and the conveyer belt is fixedly mounted on the supporting plate,
Be slidably installed on the supporting plate, on guide rail several clamping devices and guide rail of guide rail opposition installation described in two is equipped with gear
Piece, the clamping device include clamp bracket, clamping arm, resetting spring, motor support frame, motor III, scroll wheel and ball,
Two rectangular channels are arranged on the downside of the stent, two scroll wheels are mounted on by bearing in rectangular channel, the clamping hand
Arm is solidly set in clamp bracket, and the resetting spring is slidably installed between clamping arm and clamp bracket, and the motor III passes through
Motor support frame is fixedly mounted in clamp bracket, and power output end is fixedly connected with the transmission shaft on scroll wheel, the rolling
Pearl has several, several balls are symmetrically mounted on the downside of clamp bracket, and the clamp bracket equipped with ball is slidably fitted in guide rail
It is internal.
Preferably, the shaft of the cleaning brush is equipped with several leakage holes for its bottom side of hollow pipe, and four water pipes II divide
Not Wei Yu cleaning brush shaft surface.
Preferably, two scroll wheels and guide rail contact in clamp bracket.
Preferably, the support plate on the upside of water tank is equipped with several circular holes.
Preferably, the conveyer belt is equipped with several hairbrush.
Preferably, the one end of the water pipe I on water tank is equipped with filter screen.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：
1. the present invention conveys fruit by conveying mechanism, water is evacuated in cleaning brush by water pump while conveying, clearly
It scrubs and its surface is cleaned while sprinkling water to fruit so that the fruit of cleaning is more clean and by water
Recycling is carried out using the use for having saved water and then has saved cleaning cost.
2. being picked up by clamping device by the fruit completed is cleaned, moisture wiping is carried out, wherein clamping device passes through two
The clamping to fruit is realized in the reduction of distance between clamping arm, and such clamping means are clamped using mechanical so that device energy
Enough clampings for adapting to fruit not of the same race.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic three dimensional views of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is wiper mechanism schematic three dimensional views of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is desiccant body schematic three dimensional views of the present invention；
Fig. 4 is guide rail of the present invention and clamping device schematic three dimensional views；
Fig. 5 is conveying mechanism schematic three dimensional views of the present invention；
Fig. 6 is cleaning brush bottom view of the present invention；
Fig. 7 is clamping device schematic three dimensional views of the present invention；
Fig. 8 is conveyer belt front view of the present invention.
In figure：1 rack, 2 wiper mechanisms, 3 desiccant bodies, 11 support plates, 21 water washing mechanisms, 22 conveying mechanisms, 211 water
Case, 212 water pipes I, 213 water pumps, 214 water pipes, 215 cleaning brush, 216 belt wheels I, 217 motors I, 218 transmission belts I, 221 motors
IIth, 222 driving pulleys, 223 transmission belts II, 224 driven pulleys, 225 rotating rollers, 226 belt wheels II, 227 transmission belt III, 228
Support, 31 conveyer belts, 32 guide rails, 33 clamping devices, 311 hairbrush, 331 clamp brackets, 332 clamping arms, 333 resetting springs,
334 motor support frames, 335 motors III, 336 scroll wheels, 337 balls, 2141 water pipes II.
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete
Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other without making creative work
Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It please refers to Fig.1 to Fig. 8, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution：
A kind of fruit washing apparatus, including rack 1, wiper mechanism 2 and desiccant body 3, wherein：
Wiper mechanism 2 is made of water washing mechanism 21 and conveying mechanism 22, and wherein water washing mechanism 21 includes water tank 211, water
Pipe I 212, water pump 213, water pipe 214, cleaning brush 215, belt wheel I 216, motor I 217 and transmission belt I 218, water tank 211 are installed
In 11 downside of support plate, the installation place of water tank 211 is open type, if wherein the support plate 11 positioned at 211 upside of water tank is equipped with
Dry circular hole, I 212 one end of water pipe is mounted on water tank 211, the other end is mounted on 213 water inlet of water pump, and wherein water pipe I 212 is mounted in
One end on water tank 211 is equipped with filter screen, and water pipe 214 is mounted on 213 water outlet of water pump, and four are equipped on water pipe 214
Water pipe II 2141, the water outlet of four water pipes II 2141 are located at the surface of cleaning brush 215 respectively, and four cleaning brush 215 pass through
Bearing is mounted in rack 1, and wherein the shaft of cleaning brush 215 is equipped with several leakage holes for its bottom side of hollow pipe, and motor I 217 is solid
Dingan County is in rack 1, equipped with belt wheel I 216 on four cleaning brush 215, wherein a cleaning farthest with I 217 distance of motor
There are one belt wheel I 216, remaining is respectively arranged with there are one two belt wheels I 216 and I 217 power output end of motor dresses dress on brush 215
Belt wheel I 216 is connected to form V belt translation between two adjacent cleaning brush 215, wherein close to motor I 217 by transmission belt I 218
Cleaning brush 215 by transmission belt I 218 and motor I 217 be connected to form V belt translation and；
Conveying mechanism 22 includes motor II 221, driving pulley 222, transmission belt II 223, driven pulley 224, rotating roller
225th, belt wheel II 226, transmission belt III 227 and supporting rack 228, motor II 221 are mounted in rack 1, and driving pulley 222 is set in
On II 221 power output shaft of motor, rotating roller 225 has several, and rotating roller 225 is mounted on supporting rack 228 by bearing, wherein
225 one end of rotating roller is respectively arranged with belt wheel II 226 and rotating roller 225 other end nearest apart from motor II 221 is installed with
Driven pulley 224 has gap between two adjacent rotating rollers 225, and several belt wheels II 226 are linked together by transmission belt III 227
V belt translation is formed, transmission belt II 223, which is solidly set on driving pulley 222 and driven pulley 224, forms V belt translation, and supporting rack 228 is solid
Dingan County is in support plate 11, and wherein supporting rack 228 is located at immediately below clamping device 33；
Desiccant body 3 is made of conveyer belt 31, guide rail 32 and clamping device 33, and conveyer belt 31 is fixedly mounted on support
On plate 11, conveyer belt 31 is located at immediately below clamping device 33, and wherein conveyer belt 31 is equipped with several hairbrush 311, two guide rails 32
Opposition is mounted in support plate 11, and guide rail 32 is equipped with catch 321, and wherein clamping device 33 includes clamp bracket 331, clamping hand
Arm 332, resetting spring 333, motor support frame 334, motor III 335, scroll wheel 336 and ball 337,331 downside of clamp bracket
Two rectangular channels are arranged with, scroll wheel 336 is mounted on by bearing in rectangular channel, two rollings in clamp bracket 331
Driving wheel 336 is contacted with guide rail 32, and clamping arm 332 is solidly set in clamp bracket 331, and resetting spring 333, which is slidably installed, clamps hand
Between arm 332 and clamp bracket 331, motor III 335 is fixedly mounted on by motor support frame 334 in clamp bracket 331, is moved
Power output terminal is fixedly connected with the transmission shaft on scroll wheel 336, and ball 337 has several, several balls 337 are symmetrically mounted on
331 downside of clamp bracket, the clamp bracket 331 equipped with ball 337 are slidably fitted in inside guide rail 32.
The present apparatus each specific motion mode of mechanism when carrying out fruit cleaning is to be placed on fruit to be cleaned turn first
On dynamic roller 225, motor II 221 is started to work at this time, and then driving pulley 222 is driven to be rotated, will by transmission belt II 223
Power is reached on driven pulley 224, since driven pulley 224 and one of belt wheel II 226 are mounted on same rotating roller 225
On, thus this root rotating roller 225 rotate and transmission belt III 227 under the action of, the rotating roller on supporting rack 228
225 rotate, and due to being equidirectional rotation, the fruit being placed on thereon will be carried out along 225 radial motion of rotating roller in fruit
Motor I 217 is started to work during conveying, and then the belt wheel I 216 being mounted on its power output shaft is driven to rotate synchronously, and passes through four
Root transmission belt I 218 reaches the power of rotation on four cleaning brush 215, and four cleaning brush 215 start to rotate at this time, at this time water
Pump 213 is pumped the water in water tank 211 by water pipe I 212, passes through moisture respectively into four branches by water pipe 214
Water pipe II 2141 is flow to inside cleaning brush 215, since 215 bottom surface of cleaning brush is equipped with several leakage holes so water is leaked by leakage hole
Go out, flow passes through high-speed rotating cleaning brush 215 on the surface of fruit when fruit to be cleaned moves to 215 lower section of cleaning brush
Fruit surface is cleaned with water, during cleaning with water the lasting trickling of water reach so that the booty of fruit surface leaves fruit surface
To the effect of cleaning, the water for cleaning fruit flows back into water tank 211 and then recycles water tank by the circular hole in support plate 11
Water in 211, the lasting fruit that added in rotating roller 225 is cleaned during cleaning, is turned after the completion of fruit cleaning
Dynamic roller 225 is transported to close to desiccant body 3, and the motor III 335 wherein in clamping device 33 is started to work, and then drives rolling
Driving wheel 336 rotates, since the clamp bracket 331 that ball 337 is housed is slidably fitted in 32 inside of guide rail and mounted on clamping branch
Two scroll wheels 336 on frame 331 are contacted with guide rail 32, so 331 edge of clamp bracket when two scroll wheels 336 are rotated
It guide rail 32 to move, when clamp bracket 331 is moved at catch 321, clamping arm 332 contacts catch 321 and then to clamping
Arm 332 generates a pressure so that clamping arm 332 presses against 333 deformation of resetting spring and then clamping arm 332 is to far from gear
The direction movement of piece 321, due to two opposition installations of clamping device 33, so when clamping arm 332 contacts catch 321, two
The distance between clamping arm 332 of a opposition installation becomes smaller, and then the fruit that 225 supernatant of rotating roller is washed picks up, and removes
Conveyer belt 31 in wet mechanism 3 is rotated, and the direction of rotation is identical with the direction that fruit conveys, and then passes through hairbrush 311
The fruit completed to cleaning wipes, and the water of fruit surface is wiped, when clamping arm 332 leaves catch 321 gradually
When two clamping arms 332 resetting spring 333 restoring force effect under move to original state, and then two clamping arms 332
The distance between gradually increase, the fruit for wiping completion will fall off on conveyer belt 31, and conveyer belt 31 falls for flexible belt fruit
Backwardness will not damage, and then transport the present apparatus by conveyer belt 31 and carry out next step processing, and wherein clamping device 33 is being led
Cycle rotation on rail 32, and then the fruit that can carry out treating wiping is gripped.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with
Understanding without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention can carry out these embodiments a variety of variations, modification, replace
And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.