CN108207519A - A kind of rice turtle cogeneration system and cultural method - Google Patents

A kind of rice turtle cogeneration system and cultural method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108207519A
CN108207519A CN201711228170.5A CN201711228170A CN108207519A CN 108207519 A CN108207519 A CN 108207519A CN 201711228170 A CN201711228170 A CN 201711228170A CN 108207519 A CN108207519 A CN 108207519A
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China
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rice
shelled turtle
soft
turtle
field
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Inventor
蒋业林
王士梅
张国前
侯冠军
江舰
王芬
程云生
季索菲
王玲
毛栽华
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Bengbu Haishangmingzhu Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
Fisheries Research Institute of Anhui AAS
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Bengbu Haishangmingzhu Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
Fisheries Research Institute of Anhui AAS
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Priority to CN201711228170.5A priority Critical patent/CN108207519A/en
Publication of CN108207519A publication Critical patent/CN108207519A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates

Abstract

A kind of rice turtle cogeneration system and cultural method, are related to Rice Cropping and technical field of aquaculture.A kind of rice turtle cogeneration system, puts young soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed in Rice Cropping field and fry forms rice turtle cogeneration system.Paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture different from the past uses circular groove type paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture, mechanical harvesting is needed to take unilateral ditching operation mode for rice field, advantage is convenient and simple for operation, reduces cost of investment, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis feeding during convenient for personnel feed, management and inspection food, activity situations such as.Rice turtle cogeneration system improves unit area economic benefit, and overall economic efficiency has reached the very heavy grain of per mu yield, ten thousand yuans, crucian is introduced in paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture, hence it is evident that increases the economic benefit of unit area.By reasonably combined nutriment, artificial formula feed obtained is free of antibiotic, and nutritional ingredient is more comprehensive, balanced.Delicate mouthfeel can significantly increase appetite, promote its volume increase, getting fat, can also significantly improve its immunity, the speed of growth and survival rate.

Description

A kind of rice turtle cogeneration system and cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Rice Cropping and technical field of aquaculture, are specifically related to a kind of rice turtle cogeneration system and support Grow method.
Background technology
Paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture is green kind of the aquaculture model that China vigorously advocates in recent years.Water resource, weed resource in rice field, water Raw living resources constitute the complicated ecosystem.Using soft-shelled turtle is active, the life habit frequently looked for food, controllable grass, preys on water at weeding Lively object, pest repelling, while the residual bait of soft-shelled turtle and excreta can provide fertilizer for rice, increase paddyfield water nutritional profile Meanwhile the usage amount of chemical fertilizer is largely reduced, the breeding of the living aquatic resources such as field planktonic organism is in addition further promoted, Increase the bait of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis in rice field.
Inventor once carried out research and inquirement and reality with regard to the related important link of the paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture technology mode in current Anhui Province Trample, find the increase with bait throwing in and excreta, N in paddyfield water, P element concentration dramatically increase, the soil organism and each Nutritive element content also has different degrees of promotion.It has also been found that non-economy type is wild in the paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture ecosystem during experiment Trash fish is more, therefore selection introduces economical aquatic animal in paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture pattern, can further increase economic benefit, at present The relevant report in relation to rice turtle synthesis breeding technology is not found.
In order to further enrich technical data and experience of the rice turtle synthesis breeding in actual mechanical process, applicant holds Dan Liao Anhui Province key scientific and technological projects " structure of the rice turtle ecosystem and breeding combination key technology research " (1604a0702022), for the expansion campaign research of the rice turtle ecosystem.Project is in Anhui Province Bengbu sea jewel Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd. implements, and by analysis of experiments, the rice turtle synthesis benefit of breeding and with obvious effects can not only improve The yield of rice also improves the utilization rate of soil and water resource, stabilizes peasant and plants grain enthusiasm, has apparent Ecological Effect Benefit, Social benefit and economic benefit.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of rice turtle cogeneration system cultural method, the benefit of rice turtle synthesis breeding and It is with obvious effects.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of rice turtle cogeneration system, puts young soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed in Rice Cropping field and fry forms rice turtle cogeneration system.
A kind of rice turtle symbiotic cultivation method, step are as follows:
1., the excavation of paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture ditch and fence facility
In rice field, long side excavates a traverse furrow as soft-shelled turtle ditch, for trapezoidal shape, upper width 2.5-3m, bottom width 1-1.5m, depth 0.8m forms mechanical work channel between adjacent Rice Cropping region;
Fence facilities selected as color steel all around is stake with galvanized pipe or concrete stake interval 2m, and color steel is fixed with iron wire On galvanized pipe, the ditch of 0.30m depths is excavated in ridge downwards, will be laid in the galvanized pipe embedment ditch of color steel tile, spread with quick lime Enter mud soil, fence is fixed in compacting bottom;
2., the selection and plantation of rice varieties
Selection plantation disease resistance is strong, good quality and high output 24 rice varieties of green rice, is planted in early or mid June, and spacing in the rows 20~ 30cm, 30~40cm of line-spacing;
3., the fertilising in rice field and educate, rice transplanting
The selection of seedling place carries out in non-Dao Biegongzuo areas, and early or mid April starts seedling, and operating process is excellent seedling - the Tuo Mang that basks seeds-screening-seed selection-seed soaking disinfection-vernalization-sowing-earthing-seedbed chases after on ground-making seedling bed-configuration seedling soil- Fertilizer-seedling;Before fertilising, water consumpation and dry field are first drained, then machinery first turns in rice field once into rice field, per 667m2It applies Fermentation organic fertilizer 300~500kg of base manure is put, immediately intakes, revolve field, flat field, rice transplanting immediately, is not applied later after rice field is smooth Top dressing;
4., block soft-shelled turtle grid, eat platform setting
Block soft-shelled turtle grid be designed to " (" type or ">" type;Outwardly, water outlet convex surface is inside on water inlet convex surface;Along limes marginis every 3m 1 food platform of setting, with long 1.8m, the tilting pool side of asbestos shingle of wide 0.75m enters water;
5., young soft-shelled turtle, fry put in a suitable place to breed
Young soft-shelled turtle puts the time in a suitable place to breed as mid-July, and young soft-shelled turtle is disease-free and injury-free, physical strong, size is basically identical;Throw-in density is 100/667m2;Before launching 10min is impregnated with 10% povidone iodine;
Carp fry supply volume is 84 tails/667m2, counterpoise 20-50g;
6., management
Keep water level:After rice work, water level is normally maintained at 3-5cm in rice field, and high temperature season adds to 12cm;
Feedstuff feeding:Young soft-shelled turtle, which is put in a suitable place to breed, starts to feed feed after 2d, feed using put in a suitable place to breed aquatic insect, tadpole, small fish, shrimp as Living bait, with sharing fresh mixed feed made of wild fishes shrimp or artificial formula feed;Feedstuff feeding amount is total weight 3% (calculating by dry weight), 3 times a day, each primary in the morning, afternoon and evening, ratio of launching is 35%:30%:35%, cloudy day and rainy day are not It feeds;
Inspection:Adhere to patrolling field daily, go through ridge whether loophole, block whether soft-shelled turtle grid block, loosen, pinpoint the problems and When handle;Monthly support soft-shelled turtle water body disinfection 1 time, uniformly splash 25kg/667m2Quick lime supernatant;
7., the measure of rice harvesting and turtle
Mid-October enters rice field using harvester along reserved mechanical operation path;Before harvesting, field water is allowed to dry, China Soft-shelled turtle and crucian can be automatically transferred in soft-shelled turtle ditch, do not influence to gather in;Per 667m220 Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and 20 tail crucians are randomly selected to it Weight measures, and assesses growth performance;The death rate and weight body weight increase rate are calculated using the following formula:
N0Put the quantity of soft-shelled turtle, N during-on-test in a suitable place to breedtThe quantity of soft-shelled turtle is harvested during-off-test;
W0Soft-shelled turtle average weight g, W during-on-testtSoft-shelled turtle average weight g during-off-test.
Preferably, the component of the artificial formula feed is:25-45 parts of dregs of beans, 3-8 parts of fish meal, 1-5 parts of Yellow meal worm larvas Dry powder, 5-10 parts of yellow meal worm adult dry powder, 1-10 parts of composite plant powder, 1-10 parts of compound Chinese medicine powder, 0.1-1 parts of minerals powder, 0.01-0.1 parts VB6,0.01-0.05 parts VB12,0.05-0.1 parts of cod-liver oil;
Composite plant powder is by 2-4 parts of Descurainia sophias, 3-5 portions of pigs are vast, 4-8 parts of moleplant seeds are made;
Compound Chinese medicine powder is made of 6-10 parts of pueraria lobatas, 3-8 parts of white melitots, 4-11 parts of nine inner brights.
It is further preferred that the preparation method step of the artificial formula feed is as follows:
1., composite plant powder prepare
By Descurainia sophia, pig is vast and moleplant seed is cleaned respectively, then adds in the water of 3 times of plant weights, heating and refluxing extraction 3 Hour, the water that filter residue adds in 2 times of filter residue weight is then filtered to take, again heating and refluxing extraction 3 hours;Merge filtrate twice, according to It is secondary to obtain composite plant powder by being concentrated under reduced pressure, being spray-dried;
2., compound Chinese medicine powder prepare
Pueraria lobata, white melitot and nine inner bright are crushed to 100 mesh grain sizes successively, are then uniformly mixed powder, adds in 3 times of powder Then 95% ethyl alcohol of last weight, heating and refluxing extraction 2 hours filter to take 95% ethyl alcohol that filter residue adds in 2 times of filter residue weight, then Secondary heating and refluxing extraction 2 hours;Merge filtrate twice, obtain compound Chinese medicine powder by being concentrated under reduced pressure, being spray-dried successively;
3., feed mixing granulation
Added according to adding proportion into mixing apparatus dregs of beans, fish meal, Yellow meal worm larva dry powder, yellow meal worm adult dry powder, Composite plant powder, compound Chinese medicine powder, minerals powder, VB6, VB12, cod-liver oil, and a small amount of water is added, after mixing by making Grain machine is pelletized, and is then dried to pellet moisture less than 2%, finally by detection, packaging.
Relative to the prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention performance is as follows:
1), structural improvement, abridged edition are convenient.
Present invention paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture different from the past needs mechanical harvesting to take unilateral using circular groove type paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture for rice field Ditching operation mode, advantage are convenient and simple for operation, reduce cost of investment, are thrown during Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis feeding convenient for personnel Situations such as feeding, management and inspection food, activity.
2), model innovation, remarkable in economical benefits.
Rice turtle cogeneration system improves unit area economic benefit, and overall economic efficiency has reached the very heavy grain of per mu yield, Wan Yuan Money introduces crucian in paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture, hence it is evident that the economic benefit of unit area is increased, compared with traditional kind of rice, and economic benefit Extremely significantly.
3), two packing spaces, disease natural, ecological prevention and control.
Rice turtle cogeneration system introduces crucian during breeding and increases utilization rate to water body food organisms;Rice field is Soft-shelled turtle class activity provides loose good Environment space, and activity ingests, shines that back of the body range is big, and growth and development is fast, enhances resisting for soft-shelled turtle Characteristic of disease, growth period occur almost without disease, achieve the effect that ecological prevention and control;
4), upgrading synergy, it is profitable on ecology.
It supports soft-shelled turtle rice field and avoids chemical fertilizer and pesticide input, mitigate pollution of area source, to improving agriculture integrated environment, Ecological Effect It is beneficial notable.This research is carried out in the environment of no pesticide and chemical contamination, and the quality of rice and Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is high, and product is without drug More than 50% increase in value of residual, rice and Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis product, realizes upgrading synergy.
5), adaptation to local conditions, careful selection.
The initial stage of rice field kind cultivation mode development, product price suddenly increase, the market price of some areas paddy field aquaculture soft-shelled turtle Lattice are up to 160~300 yuan/kg, and paddy price also quadruples.With the expansion of area, the rising of yield, price can glide.Cause This in evolution, adaptation to local conditions, and soil property, aquatic environment, suitable rice varieties and the consumption city on ground are easy to act as in assessment , incremental, constantly adjustment kind cultivates combination, solves technical bottleneck, could stable development.
6), feed is innovated
By reasonably combined nutriment, artificial formula feed obtained is free of antibiotic, and nutritional ingredient is more comprehensively, Weighing apparatus.Meanwhile feed delicate mouthfeel, appetite can be significantly increased, promote its volume increase, getting fat, can also significantly improve its immunity, The speed of growth and survival rate.
Description of the drawings
The rice turtle cogeneration system and cultural method of the present invention are made with attached drawing with reference to embodiments further detailed It states.
Fig. 1 is the excavation of paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture ditch and fence facility, the schematic diagram of food platform structure.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
1 material and method
1.1 test sites and condition
Testing site selection in the North in Anhui Province Bengbu sea jewel Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd. paddy field cultivation base and South.Rice field be located closely adjacent to water source, water quality are good, topography is relatively low-lying, the steady water of water conservation, the remote peace and quiet away from traffic way Place, the drainage pipeline of setting facilitate rice field into draining.4 mouthfuls of rice fields is selected to put Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and crucian in a suitable place to breed according to project demand, point It Wei not South 1# fields 1667.5m2, North 2# fields 1334m2, 3# fields 1867.6m2, 4# fields 1867.6m2, altogether 6736.7m2(being roughly equal to 10.1 mu).
1.2 test materials and method
1.2.1 the excavation of paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture ditch and fence facility
Referring to Fig. 1, excavating soft-shelled turtle ditch because of field suiting measures to different conditions, in rice field, long side excavates a traverse furrow as soft-shelled turtle ditch 3, is trapezoidal shape Shape, upper width 2.5m, bottom width 1.5m, depth 0.8m form mechanical work channel 2 between adjacent Rice Cropping region 1.
Surrounding ridge carries out reality, and the material selection color steel of the fence facility 4 of paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture is with galvanized pipe interval 2m Stake, color steel are fixed on galvanized pipe with iron wire, excavate the ditch of 0.30m depths in ridge downwards, will be laid with the galvanized pipe of color steel tile It is embedded in ditch, is sprinkled into mud soil with quick lime, fence (inside low dip) is fixed in compacting bottom.
1.2.2 the selection and plantation of rice varieties
Selection plantation disease resistance is strong, good quality and high output 24 rice varieties of green rice, respectively on June 12nd, 2016 in South 1# Experimental plot and on June 6th, 2016 plant in 2#, 3#, 4# experimental plot of North, 20~30cm of spacing in the rows, 30~40cm of line-spacing.
1.2.3 it the fertilising in rice field and educates, rice transplanting
The selection of seedling place carries out in non-Dao Biegongzuo areas, starts seedling on April 5~15, and operating process is educated to be excellent Seedling-making seedling bed-configuration seedling soil-,-Tuo Mang that basks seeds-screening-seed selection-seed soaking disinfection-vernalization-sowing-earthing-seedbed chases after Fertilizer-seedling.Before fertilising, water consumpation and dry field are first drained, then machinery first turns in rice field once into rice field, per 667m2It applies Fermentation organic fertilizer 300~500kg of base manure is put, immediately intakes, revolve field, flat field, rice transplanting immediately, is not applied later after rice field is smooth Top dressing.
1.2.4 block soft-shelled turtle grid, the setting for eating platform
Block soft-shelled turtle grid be designed to " (" type or ">" type.Outwardly, water outlet convex surface is inside, both increases water on water inlet convex surface Face, and it is allowed to firm, it is not easy to be washed away.1 food platform 5 is set every 3m along limes marginis, with long 1.8m, the asbestos shingle of wide 0.75m Tilting pool side enters water.
1.2.5 young soft-shelled turtle, fry are put in a suitable place to breed
The young soft-shelled turtle put in a suitable place to breed is purchased from provincial seed multiplication farm (Anhui Xijia Agricultural Development Co., Ltd.).It is 2016 to put the time in a suitable place to breed In on July 13, in, young soft-shelled turtle is disease-free and injury-free, physical strong, size is basically identical.Throw-in density is 100/667m2.Specially South 1# fields launch male young soft-shelled turtle 250, gross weight 164.45kg altogether, and North 2# fields launch female young soft-shelled turtle 200, gross weight altogether 139.4kg, North 3# fields launch female young soft-shelled turtle 280, gross weight 187.65kg altogether, and North 4# fields launch female young soft-shelled turtle altogether 280, gross weight 193.2kg.Before launching 10min is impregnated with 10% povidone iodine.The fry put in a suitable place to breed is high-quality carp fry, is thrown Quantity is put as 84 tails/667m2, counterpoise 29.5g.Electronic balance (accuracy 0.001kg) is selected to measure weight, measuring method reference National standard (GB 21044-2007), harvest is measured measures weight using same electronic balance.
1.2.6 management
Keep water level:After rice work, water level is normally maintained at 3-5cm or so in rice field, and high temperature season adds to 12cm.
Feedstuff feeding:Young soft-shelled turtle starts to feed feed after putting 2d in a suitable place to breed, and feed is using aquatic insect, tadpole, small fish, shrimp as live bait Material, with sharing fresh mixed feed made of wild fishes shrimp.Feeding volume is 3% or so of total weight, 3 times a day, in the morning, afternoon and evening respectively Once, it is 35% to launch ratio:30%:35%.Cloudy day and rainy day do not feed.
Inspection:Adhere to patrolling field daily, go through ridge whether loophole, block whether soft-shelled turtle grid block, loosen, pinpoint the problems and When handle.Monthly support soft-shelled turtle water body disinfection 1 time, uniformly splash 25kg/667m2Quick lime supernatant.
1.2.7 the measure of rice harvesting and turtle
October 15 entered rice field using harvester along reserved mechanical operation path.Before harvesting, field water is allowed to dry, China Soft-shelled turtle and crucian can be automatically transferred in soft-shelled turtle ditch, do not influence to gather in.Per 667m220 Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and 20 tail crucians are randomly selected to it Weight measures, and assesses growth performance.The death rate and weight body weight increase rate are calculated using the following formula:
N0Put the quantity of soft-shelled turtle, N during-on-test in a suitable place to breedtThe quantity of soft-shelled turtle is harvested during-off-test;
W0Soft-shelled turtle average weight g, W during-on-testtSoft-shelled turtle average weight g during-off-test.
2 results and analysis
Fish soft-shelled turtle growing state is analyzed in 2.1 rice turtle plant breeding models
The Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis of dispensing and harvest and the quality and quantity of crucian is described in detail in table 1.The Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis of dispensing 1000, Wherein male young soft-shelled turtle meter 800, total weight 545.4kg, counterpoise 0.685kg, the female soft-shelled turtle kind of dispensing amounts to 200, always Weight is 139.4kg, and counterpoise 0.697kg, the young soft-shelled turtle size of dispensing is uniform, no significant difference;Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis harvest sum is 993 Only, the average weight for measure of sampling is 0.934kg, and weight body weight increase rate is 36.55%, the death rate 0.7%.Crucian is put in a suitable place to breed 850 tails, counterpoise 29g/ tails harvest total 810 tails, and the weight body weight increase rate for measure of sampling is 364.7%, and the death rate is 4.7%
Soft-shelled turtle, fish growing state analytical table in 1 rice turtle plant breeding model of table
2.2 rice turtle plant breeding model Economic and Efficiency Analysis
Table 2 illustrates every 667m2The yield of middle rice, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and crucian.Table 3 lists 667m2× 10.1 rice harvestings Total investment return afterwards.Summary analysis 2 and table 3, rice turtle ecologic breeding is per 667m2Investment about harvests ecological rice 602kg, The net soft-shelled turtle 23.3kg that raises productivity and improves the quality, has a net increase of production fish 9.06kg, and generation net earnings is 6779.3 yuan/667m2, input-output ratio 1: 2.36, largely improve the economic benefit of rice field unit area.
Table 2 is per 667m2Rice turtle plant breeding model volume analysis table
3 667m of table2The investment of × 10.1 rice turtle plant breeding models and income statement analysis
Embodiment 2
It is substantially the same manner as Example 1, it differs only in, is fed using artificial formula feed instead of fresh mixed feed, thrown It feeds the time and feeding volume is identical.
The component of the artificial formula feed is:25 parts of dregs of beans, 8 parts of fish meal, 1 part of Yellow meal worm larva dry powder, 10 parts of blooms Worm adult dry powder, 1 part of composite plant powder, 10 parts of compound Chinese medicine powder, 0.1 part of minerals powder, 0.1 part of VB6,0.01 part of VB12,0.1 Part cod-liver oil;Composite plant powder is by 2 parts of Descurainia sophias, 5 portions of pigs are vast, 4 parts of moleplant seeds are made;Compound Chinese medicine powder is by 10 parts of pueraria lobatas, 3 Part white melitot, 11 parts of nine inner brights are made.
The preparation method step of the artificial formula feed is as follows:
1., composite plant powder prepare
By Descurainia sophia, pig is vast and moleplant seed is cleaned respectively, then adds in the water of 3 times of plant weights, heating and refluxing extraction 3 Hour, the water that filter residue adds in 2 times of filter residue weight is then filtered to take, again heating and refluxing extraction 3 hours;Merge filtrate twice, according to It is secondary to obtain composite plant powder by being concentrated under reduced pressure, being spray-dried;
2., compound Chinese medicine powder prepare
Pueraria lobata, white melitot and nine inner bright are crushed to 100 mesh grain sizes successively, are then uniformly mixed powder, adds in 3 times of powder Then 95% ethyl alcohol of last weight, heating and refluxing extraction 2 hours filter to take 95% ethyl alcohol that filter residue adds in 2 times of filter residue weight, then Secondary heating and refluxing extraction 2 hours;Merge filtrate twice, obtain compound Chinese medicine powder by being concentrated under reduced pressure, being spray-dried successively;
3., feed mixing granulation
Added according to adding proportion into mixing apparatus dregs of beans, fish meal, Yellow meal worm larva dry powder, yellow meal worm adult dry powder, Composite plant powder, compound Chinese medicine powder, minerals powder, VB6, VB12, cod-liver oil, and a small amount of water is added, after mixing by making Grain machine is pelletized, and is then dried to pellet moisture less than 2%, finally by detection, packaging.
By feeding artificial formula feed, compared with Example 1, in terms of input, feed cost promotion about 15% is that is, more 0.0534 ten thousand yuan are put into, still, embodiment 1 is but substantially better than in terms of output, is in particular in:Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis yield promotes 5%, production Go out income promotion 5% and be roughly equal to 0.4635 ten thousand, net earnings has more 0.4101 ten thousand, and economic benefit is very considerable.In addition, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is dead The rate of dying is reduced to 0.25%, and rate of body weight gain is promoted to 38.43%.
Therefore, it being fed using artificial formula feed, nutritional ingredient is more comprehensive, balanced, can promote its volume increase, getting fat, Its immunity, the speed of growth and survival rate can also be significantly improved.
Embodiment 3
Manually the component of formula feed is:35 parts of dregs of beans, 6 parts of fish meal, 3 parts of Yellow meal worm larva dry powder, 7 parts of yellow meal worm adults Dry powder, 5 parts of composite plant powder, 6 parts of compound Chinese medicine powder, 0.5 part of minerals powder, 0.05 part of VB6,0.02 part of VB12,0.08 portion of fish Liver oil;Composite plant powder is by 3 parts of Descurainia sophias, 4 portions of pigs are vast, 6 parts of moleplant seeds are made;Compound Chinese medicine powder is by 8 parts of pueraria lobatas, 5 parts of gold Flowers and plants, 8 parts of nine inner brights are made.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 2.
Embodiment 4
Manually the component of formula feed is:45 parts of dregs of beans, 3 parts of fish meal, 5 parts of Yellow meal worm larva dry powder, 5 parts of yellow meal worm adults Dry powder, 10 parts of composite plant powder, 1 part of compound Chinese medicine powder, 1 part of minerals powder, 0.01 part of VB6,0.05 part of VB12,0.05 part of fish liver Oil;Composite plant powder is by 4 parts of Descurainia sophias, 3 portions of pigs are vast, 8 parts of moleplant seeds are made;Compound Chinese medicine powder is by 6 parts of pueraria lobatas, 8 parts of golden flower Grass, 4 parts of nine inner brights are made.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 2.
Above content is only the design example and explanation to the present invention, affiliated those skilled in the art Various modifications or additions are done to described specific embodiment or are substituted in a similar way, without departing from invention Design or surmount range defined in the claims, be within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of rice turtle cogeneration system, which is characterized in that put young soft-shelled turtle in a suitable place to breed in Rice Cropping field and fry forms rice turtle and is total to Raw system.
2. a kind of rice turtle symbiotic cultivation method, which is characterized in that step is as follows:
1., the excavation of paddy-field soft-shelled turtle culture ditch and fence facility
In rice field, long side excavates a traverse furrow as soft-shelled turtle ditch (3), for trapezoidal shape, upper width 2.5-3m, bottom width 1-1.5m, depth 0.8m forms mechanical work channel (2) between adjacent Rice Cropping region (1);
Fence facilities (4) selected as color steel all around is stake with galvanized pipe or concrete stake interval 2m, and color steel is fixed on iron wire On galvanized pipe, the ditch of 0.30m depths is excavated in ridge downwards, will be laid in the galvanized pipe embedment ditch of color steel tile, be sprinkled into quick lime Fence is fixed in mud soil, compacting bottom;
2., the selection and plantation of rice varieties
Selection plantation disease resistance is strong, good quality and high output 24 rice varieties of green rice, is planted in early or mid June, 20~30cm of spacing in the rows, row Away from 30~40cm;
3., the fertilising in rice field and educate, rice transplanting
The selection of seedling place carries out in non-Dao Biegongzuo areas, and early or mid April starts seedling, operating process for excellent seedling-make Making seedling bed-configuration seedling soil-,-Tuo Mang that basks seeds-screening-seed selection-seed soaking disinfection-vernalization-sowing-earthing-seedbed top dressing-rises Seedling;Before fertilising, water consumpation and dry field are first drained, then machinery first turns in rice field once into rice field, per 667m2Discharge fermentation Organic fertilizer 300~500kg of base manure immediately intakes, revolves field, flat field, rice transplanting immediately after rice field is smooth, later not spraying fertilizer;
4., block soft-shelled turtle grid, eat platform setting
Block soft-shelled turtle grid be designed to " (" type or ">" type;Outwardly, water outlet convex surface is inside on water inlet convex surface;It is set along limes marginis every 3m 1 food platform (5), with long 1.8m, the tilting pool side of asbestos shingle of wide 0.75m enters water;
5., young soft-shelled turtle, fry put in a suitable place to breed
Young soft-shelled turtle puts the time in a suitable place to breed as mid-July, and young soft-shelled turtle is disease-free and injury-free, physical strong, size is basically identical;Throw-in density for 100/ 667m2;Before launching 10min is impregnated with 10% povidone iodine;
Carp fry supply volume is 84 tails/667m2, counterpoise 20-50g;
6., management
Keep water level:After rice work, water level is normally maintained at 3-5cm in rice field, and high temperature season adds to 12cm;
Feedstuff feeding:Young soft-shelled turtle starts to feed feed after putting 2d in a suitable place to breed, and feed is to put aquatic insect, tadpole, small fish, shrimp in a suitable place to breed as live bait Material, with sharing fresh mixed feed made of wild fishes shrimp or artificial formula feed;Feedstuff feeding amount is the 3% of total weight, 3 times a day, each primary in the morning, afternoon and evening, ratio of launching is 35%:30%:35%, cloudy day and rainy day do not feed;
Inspection:Adhere to patrolling field daily, go through ridge whether loophole, block whether soft-shelled turtle grid block, loosen, pinpoint the problems timely place Reason;Monthly support soft-shelled turtle water body disinfection 1 time, uniformly splash 25kg/667m2Quick lime supernatant;
7., the measure of rice harvesting and turtle
Mid-October enters rice field using harvester along reserved mechanical operation path;Before harvesting, field water is allowed to dry, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and Crucian can be automatically transferred in soft-shelled turtle ditch, do not influence to gather in;Per 667m220 Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis and 20 tail crucians are randomly selected to its weight It measures, assesses growth performance;The death rate and weight body weight increase rate are calculated using the following formula:
N0Put the quantity of soft-shelled turtle, N during-on-test in a suitable place to breedtThe quantity of soft-shelled turtle is harvested during-off-test;
W0Soft-shelled turtle average weight g, W during-on-testtSoft-shelled turtle average weight g during-off-test.
A kind of 3. rice turtle symbiotic cultivation method as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the group of the artificial formula feed It is divided into:25-45 parts of dregs of beans, 3-8 parts of fish meal, 1-5 parts of Yellow meal worm larva dry powder, 5-10 parts of yellow meal worm adult dry powder, 1-10 parts it is multiple Close Plant Powder, 1-10 parts of compound Chinese medicine powder, 0.1-1 parts of minerals powder, 0.01-0.1 parts of VB6,0.01-0.05 parts of VB12,0.05- 0.1 part of cod-liver oil;
Composite plant powder is by 2-4 parts of Descurainia sophias, 3-5 portions of pigs are vast, 4-8 parts of moleplant seeds are made;
Compound Chinese medicine powder is made of 6-10 parts of pueraria lobatas, 3-8 parts of white melitots, 4-11 parts of nine inner brights.
A kind of 4. rice turtle symbiotic cultivation method as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the system of the artificial formula feed Preparation Method step is as follows:
1., composite plant powder prepare
By Descurainia sophia, pig is vast and moleplant seed is cleaned respectively, then adds in the water of 3 times of plant weights, and heating and refluxing extraction 3 is small When, the water that filter residue adds in 2 times of filter residue weight is then filtered to take, again heating and refluxing extraction 3 hours;Merge filtrate twice, successively Composite plant powder is obtained by being concentrated under reduced pressure, being spray-dried;
2., compound Chinese medicine powder prepare
Pueraria lobata, white melitot and nine inner bright are crushed to 100 mesh grain sizes successively, are then uniformly mixed powder, adds in 3 times of powder weights Then 95% ethyl alcohol of amount, heating and refluxing extraction 2 hours filter to take 95% ethyl alcohol that filter residue adds in 2 times of filter residue weight, add again Circumfluence distillation 2 hours;Merge filtrate twice, obtain compound Chinese medicine powder by being concentrated under reduced pressure, being spray-dried successively;
3., feed mixing granulation
Dregs of beans, fish meal, Yellow meal worm larva dry powder, yellow meal worm adult dry powder, compound is added in into mixing apparatus according to adding proportion Plant Powder, compound Chinese medicine powder, minerals powder, VB6, VB12, cod-liver oil, and a small amount of water is added, pass through comminutor after mixing It pelletizes, is then dried to pellet moisture less than 2%, finally by detection, packaging.
CN201711228170.5A 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 A kind of rice turtle cogeneration system and cultural method Pending CN108207519A (en)

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