CN108198484B - English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning method - Google Patents

English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning method Download PDF

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CN108198484B
CN108198484B CN201810097625.2A CN201810097625A CN108198484B CN 108198484 B CN108198484 B CN 108198484B CN 201810097625 A CN201810097625 A CN 201810097625A CN 108198484 B CN108198484 B CN 108198484B
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tense
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english
student
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CN108198484A (en
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李勤骞
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李勤骞
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    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B19/00Teaching not covered by other main groups of this subclass
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Abstract

The invention discloses an English tense-studying methods, wherein the English tense-studying method is applied to the assisting student's rapid system tense that studies English, following steps: a sentence unit provides an at least sentence data library, one interactive unit obtains the student and judges data for the syntax of the specific sentence and judge data to the tense of the tense element in the predicate structure, wherein the syntax judges that data include the predicate structure decision to the specific sentence;One judging unit, which obtains and compares the syntax, judges data and the sentence data library, with judge the student to the predicate structure of the specific sentence whether correct judgment, it obtains and compares the tense and judge data and the temporal database, show the tense schematic diagram of the tense element, and judge the student to the tense of the specific sentence whether correct judgment, wherein the tense element, which is expressed as different visualized graphs, is shown in the tense schematic diagram.

Description

English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning method
Technical field
The invention belongs to learn education sector, and in particular to English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning method, institute State English tense-studying system helps English student systematically to study English tense based on tense schematic diagram, improves English student English level.
Background technique
Increasingly developed with globalization, English has become the common language in the whole world.Under such overall background, English Become particularly important for the country member of language study mother tongue non-for some English, people start increasingly pay attention to English It practises, for some parents for paying attention to oneself child's future development, they can allow the child of oneself just to participate in from small Various Expert English language training by qualified teachers, better and more comprehensively to complete personal development.
The study of any language, in particular for English, nothing more than four junior colleges such as the listening, speaking, reading and writings for being study language Industry technical ability.Spread a common saying always in English study field: " obtaining reader to get the world ", it can be seen that English Reading energy Importance of the power for English study.So how to improve English Reading Ability this is just necessary not only for English student The vocabulary size of oneself is improved, oneself assurance degree to English syntax is more improved.Again to the assurance degree of English sentence Greatly depend on the assurance to English tense.
Although existing English education system also takes much count of English tense education, existing English tense education exists Urgent need to resolve the drawbacks of, the presence of these drawbacks dramatically affects study of the English student to English tense, also Directly or indirectly affect study of the English student to English.In summary, there are following disadvantages for existing English tense education End:
First, in existing English education system, the education for English tense is not system, this just increases English Learning difficulty of the language student to English tense.Specifically, existing English education system thinks the learning ability of English student It is limited, therefore in existing English education system, the education to English tense is also stage by stage.In other words, existing English education system in, the education of English tense is divided into primary school period, Junior according to the learning level of English student With the multistages such as senior high school period.However inherently there is very big cognitive question, English tenses for such English tense education Study should be that the system of an entirety is divided into multistage study stiffly, asked caused by such education system Topic is exactly that the learning pressure of English student is big, to the study of English tense not architectonical.Assuming that English student's primary school period The English tense of basic past tense is learnt, Junior has learnt English tense when completing, senior high school period study past English tense when completion, then for this English student, when being difficult to clear past tense, complete, past perfect tense Between relationship, existing English education system allows English student just to think that English tense-studying is one very tired in subconsciousness Difficult thing.
Second, the tool that the study of English tense is not tangible helps, to increase Anglistics in existing education system The learning difficulty of member.Talk about publicly known, English tense is a kind of thing of inclined theoretical property, needs the reason by English student clock synchronization state Solution and the understanding to sentence.However for the student of some not space-time concept(ion)s, the study of English tense just becomes outstanding It is difficult, they can only just be limited to dreaming up for oneself to the study of English tense.In existing English education field, English Education personnel are rigidly to force implantation to give English student, the knowledge pair of such theoretical property the English tense knowledge to theorize It is that acceptance is not high for student.
In addition have to be mentioned that, Chinese langue has tense idea, for example we can in Chinese expression Easily to express the tense of a sentence by semantic variation, then for there is the student of Chinese tense consciousness to come It says, does is having learnt English tense itself an advantageous thing, then why student still learns bad English tense this It is the problem that existing English education system must be thought deeply and solve.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English Tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method pass through the English tense educational method of system, when effectively changing student to English The cognition of state improves English student to the enjoyment of English study.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English Tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method educate English tense based on tense schematic diagram, provide visually for student English tense-studying tool, in other words, student can visually and efficiently be learnt by the English tense-studying system English tense.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English Tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method systematization arrange English tense, and self-contained is a set of to adapt to each age stratum student's Tense learning system, student can by the English tense-studying service system the tense that studies English, to improve student couple The learning enthusiasm and learning efficiency of English tense.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English Tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method visualize English tense theoretical knowledge, transfer more sense organs of student It practises, to improve the learning efficiency of student.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English Tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method help student to study English tense based on tense schematic diagram, not only effectively help The person's of giving financial aid to students mnemonic learning English tense, while student being helped intuitively to understand the inherent meaning of English tense, to improve student To the understanding of English syntax.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English Tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method effectively help student to understand English syntactic structure, improve the reading of student and write Make ability.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English Tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method temper the ability that student identifies English syntax.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English Tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method help student to recognize English syntactic structure, recognize English tense, and understand English The inherent meaning of language tense.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning methods, wherein the English The method of tense learning system and corresponding tense learning method to compare English tense improves student and imitates to the study of English tense Rate.
In order to achieve the above object, major technique solution of the invention is to provide an English tense-studying method, wherein institute It states English tense-studying method and is applied to the assisting student's rapid system tense that studies English, the English tense-studying method The following steps are included:
S1: one sentence unit provides an at least sentence data library, wherein the sentence data library includes a specific sentence, it is right The structural database of the specific sentence and the temporal database of the specific sentence are answered, wherein the structural database includes Subject structured data, predicate structured data, object structure data and one kind of space-time structure data or combinations thereof;
S2: one interactive unit obtains the student and judges data for the syntax of the specific sentence, wherein the syntax Judge that data include the predicate structure decision to the specific sentence;
S3: one judging unit, which obtains and compares the syntax, judges data and the sentence data library, described in judgement To the predicate structure of the specific sentence, whether correct judgment if correct judgment thens follow the steps S4 to student:
S4: the interactive unit obtains the student and judges number for the tense of the tense element in the predicate structure According to, and it is transferred to the judging unit;And
S5: the judging unit, which obtains and compares the tense, judges data and the temporal database, described in display The tense schematic diagram of tense element, and judge the student to the tense of the specific sentence whether correct judgment, wherein when described State element is expressed as different visualized graphs and is shown in the tense schematic diagram.
In some embodiments, the English tense-studying method further comprises following step after the step S3 It is rapid:
S6: the interactive unit obtains the syntax and judges data, wherein the syntax judges that data include to institute's predication The composed structure of language structure judges data, and the judging unit, which obtains and compares the composed structure, judges data and predicate knot Structure data, with judge the student in the predicate structure auxiliary word and/or verb whether correct judgment, if correct judgment, S4 is thened follow the steps, wherein the predicate structured data includes auxiliary word structured data, verb structured data and preposition structure number According to.
In some embodiments, the English tense-studying method further includes steps of
S7: one tense unit judges according to the temporal data, obtains other tense states of the corresponding tense element Tense schematic diagram, and be shown in the user.
In some embodiments, the English tense-studying method further includes steps of
The tense schematic diagram of S8: one comparison module at least two tense elements, and it is shown in the user.
In some embodiments, it indicates that tense element when completing is shown as an arrow, indicates the tense member of past tense Element is shown as a bit, and tense element when indicating general is shown as a long straight line, indicates that tense element when carrying out is shown It is shown as a line segment, indicates that the tense element of future tense is shown as a baseline.
In some embodiments, it is further included steps of after the step S3
S8: the interactive unit obtains the syntax and judges data, wherein the syntax judges that data include to the spy The prompt word for determining sentence judges data, and the judging unit, which obtains and compares the prompt word, judges data and prompt word number According to judge that the student thens follow the steps S4 if correct judgment to the estimate of situation of prompt word in the specific sentence.
According to another aspect of the present invention, the present invention provides an English tense-studying system, wherein the English tense Learning system is applied to the assisting student's rapid system tense that studies English, which is characterized in that the English tense-studying system Include:
Sentence unit, wherein the sentence unit stores sentence data library, wherein the sentence data library includes specific sentence Son, the structural database of the corresponding specific sentence and the temporal database of the specific sentence, wherein the structured data Library includes subject structured data, predicate structured data, object structure data and one kind of space-time structure data or combinations thereof;
Structural unit, wherein the structural unit is communicatively coupled to the sentence unit, to obtain the structured data Library;
Tense unit, wherein the tense unit communication be connected to the sentence unit, to obtain the temporal data Library;
Interactive unit wherein the student inputs interaction data by the interactive unit, and shows data in Member, wherein the interaction data includes that syntax judges that data and tense judge data;And
Judging unit;Wherein the judging unit is communicatively coupled to sentence unit to obtain the specific sentence, communicates Ground is connected to the structural unit to obtain the structural database, is communicatively coupled to the interactive unit to obtain the friendship Mutual data, the judging unit, which obtains and compares the syntax, judges data and the temporal database, the judging unit It obtains and compares the tense and judge data and the temporal database, show the tense schematic diagram of the tense element, wherein The tense element is expressed as different visualized graphs and is shown in the tense schematic diagram.
In some embodiments, the syntax judges that data include judging data to the composed structure of the predicate structure, The judging unit, which obtains and compares the composed structure, judges data and predicate structured data, wherein the predicate structure number According to including auxiliary word structured data, verb structured data and preposition structured data.
In some embodiments, the tense unit further comprises schematic diagram module and comparison module, wherein the letter The temporal database of the corresponding different tense elements of module storage, the temporal database of different tense elements is communicating together, wherein The tense schematic diagram of the comparison module at least two tense words, and it is shown in the user.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the sentence structure parsing schematic diagram of a simple sentence, wherein the simple sentence is by subject structure, predicate structure with And object structure composition.
Fig. 2 is the sentence structure parsing schematic diagram of another simple sentence, wherein the simple sentence is by subject structure, predicate structure And object structure composition, wherein the predicate mechanism is again by auxiliary word structure, verb structure and preposition structure composition.
Fig. 3 is the sentence structure parsing schematic diagram of a subordinate clause sentence, wherein the subordinate clause sentence is by multiple subject structures, it is more A predicate structure and multiple object structures composition.
Fig. 4 is the tense schematic diagram schematic diagram of an embodiment according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the concrete application figure of the tense schematic diagram according to the present invention based on Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the block diagram representation of the English tense-studying system of an embodiment according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is that the specific block diagram of the predicate module of the English tense-studying system according to the present invention based on Fig. 6 shows It is intended to.
Fig. 8 is that the specific block diagram of the tense unit of the English tense-studying system according to the present invention based on Fig. 6 shows It is intended to.
Fig. 9 is the block diagram representation of English tense-studying system according to another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the method flow schematic diagram of the tense learning method of an embodiment according to the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art's every other embodiment obtained belong to what the present invention protected Range.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that in exposure of the invention, term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", The orientation of the instructions such as "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside" or position are closed System is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, without referring to Show or imply that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore above-mentioned art Language is not considered as limiting the invention.
It is understood that term " one " is interpreted as " at least one " or " one or more ", i.e., in one embodiment, The quantity of one element can be one, and in a further embodiment, the quantity of the element can be it is multiple, term " one " is no It can be interpreted as the limitation to quantity.
As shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the sentence structure analysis diagram of simple sentence and subordinate clause is demonstrated.It is well known that according to English sentence The structure of son is different, English sentence can be divided into simple sentence and subordinate clause, wherein the subordinate clause can be considered as multiple simple sentences It is compound.
As shown in Figure 1, a typical simple sentence is demonstrated.In general, simple sentence can be divided into again subject structure, The combination of predicate structure, object structure and space-time structure, it is notable that the predicate structure that the present invention refers to is by reality Apply the word or its combinations of words to indicate the auxiliary word structure in sentence, verb structure and preposition structure, the subject structure The subject word or its combinations of words being implemented as in sentence, the object structure be implemented as object word in sentence or its Combinations of words, the space-time structure are implemented as to express the word of spatio-temporal state or its combinations of words in sentence.With " I love For this typical simple sentence of you ", wherein " I " is implemented as the subject structure of the simple sentence, " love " is by reality The predicate structure for the simple sentence is applied, " you " is implemented as the object structure of the simple sentence.
As shown in Fig. 2, another typical simple sentence is demonstrated.By taking " He was sitting behind you " as an example, Described in " He " be implemented as the subject structure of the simple sentence, " the was sitting behind " is implemented as the simple sentence Predicate structure, " you " is implemented as the object structure of the simple sentence.In addition, predicate structure " the was sitting Behind " can be divided into the combination of the auxiliary word structure, verb structure and preposition structure again, wherein " was " is carried out For the auxiliary word structure of the predicate structure, " sitting " is implemented as the verb structure of the predicate structure, described " behind " It is implemented as the preposition structure of the predicate structure.
In summary, Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 illustrates the concrete structure schematic diagram of two class simple sentences, wherein showing in Fig. 1 simple In sentence, the predicate structure is implemented as a simple verb, and predicate structure described in the simple sentence that Fig. 2 is shown is implemented as The combination of one auxiliary word structure, verb structure and preposition structure.It follows that the predicate structure is by reality mentioned by the present invention The word or its combinations of words to indicate the auxiliary word structure of sentence, verb structure and preposition structure are applied, in some simple sentences, The predicate structure is only implemented as a simple verb, and in other simple sentences, the predicate structure is implemented as auxiliary word The combination of structure, verb structure and preposition structure.
As shown in figure 3, the subordinate clause in an English syntax is demonstrated.Different according to the type of subordinate clause, subordinate clause can be divided into fixed Language subordinate clause, subject clause, adverbial clause, object clause and non-predicate subordinate clause all have however, being the subordinate clause of which seed type Have the characteristics that one common is exactly: being compounded to form by multiple simple sentences.It follows that the subordinate clause is implemented as multiple subject knots Structure, multiple predicate structures, multiple object structures and the combination of multiple space-time structures, wherein the predicate structure is implemented as institute State the combination of auxiliary word structure, verb structure and preposition structure.With " By the time i got outside, the bus For this adverbial clause of had already left ", " By the time i got outside " is implemented as one simply Sentence, " the bus had already left " is implemented as another simple sentence, wherein " the By the time i got Outside " is implemented as the adverbial modifier of the subordinate clause, in addition, in " the By the time i got outside ", " By The time " is implemented as the spatio-temporal state, to indicate the space-time situation of the sentence.
In conclusion an English sentence includes at least a subject structure, predicate structure, object structure and space-time structure Combination, if only one predicate structure of the English sentence, which is implemented as a simple sentence, otherwise the English Sentence is implemented as a subordinate clause.In addition, the predicate structure can be divided into auxiliary word structure, verb structure and preposition structure again One kind or combinations thereof, according to the tense of auxiliary word structure and/or verb structure in the predicate structure, would know that the sentence Tense.
For English student, it is desirable to know the tense of an English sentence, it is necessary first to which understanding learns the English The syntactic structure of sentence recognizes subject structure, predicate structure, object structure and the space-time structure of the sentence;Secondly, student Correctly to recognize auxiliary word structure or verb structure in the predicate structure of the sentence;Finally to know the auxiliary word structure or The tense of verb structure, to just can correctly recognize the tense of the sentence.
It studies English tense for the ease of student, the present invention provides a tense schematic diagram, and the schematic diagram of shown tense schematic diagram is such as Shown in Fig. 4.In tense schematic diagram, different tense elements is shown with different visualized graphs, is familiar with the people of this technology It should be understood that the specific manifestation mode of every kind of tense element is not limited by the present embodiment, when student can be described in autonomous classification State element.In order to optimize the identification cognition of student, in an embodiment of the present invention, tense element when completion is shown as The tense element of one arrow " → ", past tense is shown as a bit " ", and tense element when general is shown as a long straight line " one ", tense element when progress are shown as a line segment, and the tense element of future tense is shown as a baseline.
In addition, different tense elements is placed in the different location of the tense schematic diagram according to tense of its expression, with Indicate different tense states, the tense schematic diagram is implemented as a bilateral coordinate system, and the bilateral coordinate system is by a lateral arrow Head and one indicate that the vertical lines are placed in the interposition of the lateral arrows perpendicular to the vertical lines of the lateral arrows At the time of setting to indicate now.In an embodiment of the present invention, the lateral arrows are directed toward right side from left side, then are located at described perpendicular The region of being implemented as on the left of to straight line is implemented as region in future, the tense on the right side of the vertical lines Element is placed in the different location of the tense schematic diagram to indicate different states.Such as the tense element arrow when completion " → " be placed in over region when indicate past perfect tense, tense element arrow " → " indicates complete in the future when being placed in region in future Cheng Shi.
As shown in figure 5, the concrete application figure of the tense schematic diagram is demonstrated.In the tense that the embodiment of the present invention is shown As it can be seen that different tense elements is showed in the tense schematic diagram with Visual Graph in the concrete application figure of schematic diagram.Such as group of words It closes " have received " to be implemented as when a completion " → ", the word " was " is implemented as a past tense " ", described Word be implemented as one it is general when " one ", the combinations of words " will fly " is implemented as a future tense, the combinations of words When " is working for " is implemented as a progress.When this five kinds of tense elements are intuitively shown in described in different ways State schematic diagram, by this method, student intuitively can efficiently study English tense.
In order to effectively improve student to the learning enthusiasm and learning efficiency of English tense, the present invention provides an English tense Learning system, the English tense-studying system are passed through the English tense educational method of system, are educated based on tense schematic diagram Student's English tense, systematization arrange English tense knowledge, provide visual English tense-studying tool for student, effectively change Become cognition of the student to English tense.
Specifically, the block diagram representation of the English tense-studying system is as shown in Fig. 6 to Fig. 8.The English tense Learning system provides an English sentence, and the syntactic structure of the English sentence is judged using the student of the English tense-studying system, The syntactic structure for wherein judging sentence includes judging that the sentence is simple sentence or subordinate clause, judges the Subject-Verb of the sentence Object and space-time position judge one kind or combinations thereof of the auxiliary word verb preposition position of the sentence, the English tense Learning system judges judging whether correctly for the student, tempers the ability that student identifies syntactic structure by this method, improves student Syntactic awareness.A temporal database built in the English tense-studying system, when student judges the successful English sentence After auxiliary word or/and verb position, the student by the temporal database in the English tense-studying system systematically Learn sentence tense, by this method student can by the English tense-studying system high efficiency, systematically, intuitively learn English Language tense.It is noted that the tense of the tense element is deposited in the form of tense schematic diagram in the temporal database In.
The people for being familiar with this technology should be understood that for student, the basis for having learnt English tense needs student to learn Inveterate habit English syntactic structure, in order to help student to learn identification English syntactic structure, the English tense-studying system includes that The sentence unit 10 of this communication connection, structural unit 20, judging unit 30 and interactive unit 50, wherein the sentence unit 10 Built-in sentence data library corresponds to the structural database of each sentence, 50 quilt of interactive unit built in the structural unit 20 Suitable for data interaction occurs with student, wherein the judging unit 30 is communicatively coupled to the sentence unit 10, the knot Structure unit 20 is communicatively coupled to and the interactive unit 50, judges student to English sentence with the interaction data according to student Syntactic structure assurance degree.It is noted that the sentence data library includes at least one specific sentence, the corresponding spy Determine the structural database of sentence and the temporal database of the corresponding specific sentence.
Specifically, the judging unit 30 is communicatively coupled to the interactive unit 50, wherein the unit unit 50 Including data reception module 51 and data disaply moudle 52, student can be by the data result receiving module 51 to the English Language tense learning system inputs interaction data, and knows the English tense-studying system by the data disaply moudle 52 Display data, in other words, the student can be interacted by the interactive unit 50 with the English tense-studying system, With by the English tense-studying service system, intuitively, efficiently study English tense.
The student inputs interaction data to the English tense-studying system by the data reception module 51, described Interaction data is communicatedly sent to the judging unit 30, and the judging unit 30 receives described in the interaction data and comparison The sentence data library of structural unit 20 and the sentence unit 10, judgement obtain a judging result, and the judging result is passed The data disaply moudle 52 is given, the user knows the judging result by the data disaply moudle 52.It is worth note Meaning, in an embodiment of the present invention, the data disaply moudle 52 are implemented as a display screen, the tools such as loudspeaker, sheet There is no restriction in this respect for invention.
The judging unit 30 is communicatively coupled to the sentence unit 10, wherein the sentence built in the sentence unit 10 Subdata base, to provide corresponding English sentence to the judging unit 30, it is single that the English sentence passes through the interaction again Member 50 is displayed to the user, so that user can determine whether the syntactic structure of the English sentence.
As shown in fig. 7, the sentence unit 10 includes simple sentence module 11 and subordinate clause module 12, the simple sentence module Built-in simple sentence database in 11, built-in subordinate clause database in the subordinate clause module 12, wherein the simple sentence database and The subordinate clause database collectively constitutes the sentence data library.
In addition, the judging unit 30 is communicatively coupled to the structural unit 20, to obtain the structural unit 20 Structural database, wherein the built-in structural database for corresponding to each sentence of the structural unit 20, in other words, the knot Structure unit 20 is communicatively coupled to the sentence unit 10, to obtain the sentence data library.At this point, the sentence data library packet The structural database is included, the structural unit 20 obtains the structural database, wherein the structural database includes described The syntactic structure content of sentence, specifically, the syntactic structure content include the main clause structure of the sentence, predicate structure, Object structure and space-time structure content.
Specifically, the structural unit 20 includes subject module 21, predicate module 22, object module 23 and space-time mould Block 24, as before it is found that an English sentence includes at least a subject structure, predicate structure, object structure and space-time structure Combination, wherein the main clause structure of the sentence is stored in the main clause module 21, the predicate structure is stored in institute's predication Language module 22, the object structure is stored in the object module 23 and the space-time structure is stored in the space-time Module 24.In addition, the people for being familiar with this technology should be understood that not all English sentence has space-time structure, this is not It influences the embodiment of the present invention and illustrates content, and by allowing student to learn the side of the understanding space-time structure in English education Formula allows student preferably to recognize syntactic structure, further cultivates the ability of student's " seeing that space-time is made pauses in reading unpunctuated ancient writings ".
Correspondingly, the judging unit 30 further comprises the structure decision module 31, the structure decision module 31 are communicatively coupled to the structural unit 20, the sentence unit 10 and the interactive unit 50, the structure decision mould Block 31 is applied to the assurance degree for judging the student to the syntactic structure of the sentence.Specifically, the sentence unit 10 provide an at least English sentence, and the English sentence is shown to the student by the interactive unit 50, and the student is again Judged by syntax of the interactive unit 50 input to the sentence, wherein the syntax judges to pass in the form of interaction data It is defeated by the judging unit 30.The judging unit 30 compares the interaction data and the syntax database, to judge Student is stated to the assurance degree of the syntactic structure.
By taking " I love you " this sentence as an example, the sentence unit 10 provides the example sentence, and the example sentence is shown, institute It states student and interaction data is inputted to the English tense-studying system by the interactive unit 50, wherein the interaction data packet The subject structured data of student's selection is included, predicate structured data and object structure data, the judging unit 30 obtain Whether the structured data packet that the interaction data and the structural unit 20 provide is consistent.It is noted that described Sentence unit 10 stores the sentence data library, in this embodiment sentence data library storage sentence " I love you. ", And the sentence data library further comprises the structural database, wherein the structural database includes subject structured data " I ", predicate structured data " love " and object structure data " you ", the structural database are stored in the structure list Member 20, at this time, the student can input the structure decision interaction data for the sentence according to the know-how of oneself, described Judging unit 30 judges whether the interaction data of student is correct.
After correct judgment of the student for the sentence, the student judges the structure group of the predicate structure in turn At.From the foregoing, it will be observed that the predicate structure is implemented as indicating the word or its group of words of the auxiliary word of sentence, verb and preposition Close, in practical tense deterministic process, can by judge the tense of the auxiliary word and/or verb in the predicate structure, Judge the tense of the sentence.
In order to realize judgement of the student to predicate structure, the judging unit 30 further comprises predicate construction module 31, The predicate judgment module 32 is communicatively coupled to the structural unit 20, the sentence unit 10 and the interactive unit 50, specifically, the predicate judgment module 32 is communicatively coupled to the predicate module 22,32 quilt of predicate judgment module Suitable for judging the student to the assurance degree of the predicate structure.Specifically, the student passes through the interaction list again 50 input of member judges data to the syntax of the predicate structure, wherein the syntax judges that data are transmitted in the form of interaction data To the judging unit 30.The judging unit 30 compares the syntax and judges data and the syntax database, with judgement Assurance degree of the student to the syntactic structure.
Correspondingly, the predicate module 32 further comprises auxiliary word submodule 221, verb submodule 222 and preposition Submodule 223, wherein the auxiliary word structure of the sentence is stored in the auxiliary word module 221, the verb structure is stored in The verb submodule 222, the preposition structure are stored in the preposition submodule 223.With it is upper it is identical be the judgement The predicate judgment module 32 of unit 30 obtains the structural database of the predicate structure and the student is directed to institute's predication The syntax of language structure judges interaction data, to judge that the student judges whether correctly the predicate structure.
By taking " He was sitting behind you " this sentence as an example, the sentence unit 10 provides the example sentence, institute It is shown to state example sentence, the structure decision module 31 judges whether the student is correct for the structure decision of the example sentence in advance, After the student is directed to the correct judgment of the example sentence, the student further judges predicate structure " the was sitting The syntactic structure of behind ".It is handed at this point, the student is inputted by the interactive unit 50 to the English tense-studying system Mutual data, wherein the interaction data includes the auxiliary word structured data of student's selection, verb structured data and preposition knot Structure data, the predicate judgment module 32 judge the interaction data and the structured data that the predicate structure 22 provides It whether consistent wraps.It is noted that the sentence unit 10 stores the sentence data library, the sentence in this embodiment Database purchase sentence " He was sitting behind you ", and the sentence data library further comprises the knot Structure database, wherein the structural database includes auxiliary word structured data " was ", verb structured data " sitting " and Jie Word structure data " behind ", wherein described in the auxiliary word structured data, verb structured data and preposition structured data composition Predicate structured data.By this method, the student can input the syntax for the predicate structure according to the know-how of oneself Judge interaction data, the judging unit 30 judge whether the interaction data of student is correct.
Certainly, the people for being familiar with this technology should be understood that not all sentence empty words sometimes, also not all Predicate structure in all include auxiliary word and/or preposition, module of the invention arrange as just citing and without limitation.It summarizes For, the sentence unit 10 stores a sentence data library, wherein the sentence data library includes the example sentence and the corresponding example The structural database of sentence, wherein the structural database includes the subject structured data, the predicate structured data, the guest Language structured data and the space-time structure data, wherein the predicate structured data further includes auxiliary word structured data, Verb structured data and preposition structured data, the structured data that word is corresponded in sentence are stored in different submodules. The judging unit 30 obtains the structured data and the student is directed to the interaction data of the sentence, and judges the friendship Whether mutual data are consistent with the structured data, and by this method, the student can recognize and learn in constantly learning process The syntactic structure of the sentence.
Talk about publicly known, the tense judgement of sentence depends on the judgement to the predicate tense in the sentence, when described After student is correct to the predicate structure decision of the sentence, then the student can carry out predicate structure for the predicate structure Tense judgement, to judge the tense of the sentence.
The English tense-studying system provided by the invention helps the student quick based on the tense schematic diagram Efficiently study English tense, specifically, the English tense-studying system further comprises tense unit 40, wherein described Tense unit 40 is communicatively coupled to the judging unit 30, further comprises tense judgment module in the judging unit 30 33, the tense unit 40 is communicatively coupled to the tense judgment module 33, and temporal data is transferred to the tense and is sentenced Disconnected module 33, wherein the tense judgment module 33 obtains the temporal data and the interaction data from the student, and Judgement compares the tense judging result of the student.
Specifically, the temporal data that the tense unit 40 provides exists in the form of tense schematic diagram, specifically and Speech, for example, word " was " be a past tense, for the word " was " tense element be shown as a bit " " and when The location drawing in state schematic diagram, the tense schematic diagram that the past tense may be learned in the student by this method indicate, and when passing through this State schematic diagram would know that the state for indicating the tense element of past tense.
The tense unit 40 further comprises schematic diagram module 41, and the schematic diagram module 41 stores a tense datagram, Described in temporal database include an at least temporal data, the temporal data is implemented as tense block diagram form again.In other words, The schematic diagram module 41 stores a series of corresponding tense schematic diagram of tense elements.The schematic diagram module 41 further comprises past tense Submodule 411, submodule 412 when general, submodule 413 when progress, future tense submodule 414 and submodule 415 when completing, Wherein the past tense submodule 411 stores the temporal data of corresponding past tense, the storage of submodule 412 corresponding one when described general As when temporal data, temporal data when submodule 413 stores corresponding carry out when the progress, the future tense submodule 414 store the temporal data of corresponding future tenses, temporal data when submodule 415 store corresponding complete when the completion, wherein The temporal data is stored in a manner of tense schematic diagram.
The schematic diagram module 41 is communicatively coupled to the tense judgment module 33, by the tense letter of different tense elements Figure is transferred to the tense judgment module 33, and the interactive unit 50 is communicatively coupled to the tense judgment module 33 with by institute It states interaction data and is transferred to the tense judgment module 33.Specifically, when the student judges predicate structure in successfully sentence In auxiliary word and/or verb when, the tense judgment module 33 is triggered, the student by the interactive unit input be directed to The interaction data of specific tense element, the tense judgment module 33 compare the interaction data and the temporal database, Judge the student whether correct judgment, to understand the learning state of the student and help student in continuous interaction Grasp tense schematic diagram.
Certainly, the tense judgment module 33 can interact between the student in many ways.For example, in this hair In a bright embodiment, the display of data disaply moudle 52 is directed to multiple tense schematic diagram options of a tense element, wherein institute Stating includes at least the correct option in tense schematic diagram option, and the student keys in the selection of oneself according to the interactive unit 50, The tense judgment module 33 obtains the interaction data, and the tense judgment module 33 judges choosing whether just for the student Really.
In another embodiment of the invention, the data disaply moudle 52 shows a tense schematic diagram, and needs to judge Tense element, the student selects or draws the tense element in the tense schematic diagram according to the interactive unit 50 Tense schematic diagram state, the tense judgment module 33 obtains the interaction data, and is compared with correct temporal data, with Judge choosing whether correctly for the student.
Still by taking " I love you " this sentence as an example, the sentence unit 10 provides the example sentence, and the example sentence is shown Show, according to the judgement of the structure decision module 31 and the predicate tense judgment module 32, the student obtains the example sentence Tense word be " love ", and the corresponding tense of the tense word be it is general when, the tense word is shown in the tense schematic diagram It is shown as a straight line " one ", i.e., submodule 412 when the described tense word is stored in described general, submodule 412 produces when described general The raw temporal data, wherein the temporal data is transferred to the tense judgment module 33.Meanwhile the student passes through institute It states the input of interactive unit 50 to judge the tense of the tense word, the tense judgement is implemented as an interaction data, the tense Judgment module 33 judges the correctness of the interaction data according to the temporal data, to understand the student to the tense The tense of word holds degree.In addition, in this way, the student can systematically learn the time schematic diagram table of different tense words Existing form, to deepen the study to the English tense.
In addition, in one embodiment of this invention, the past tense submodule 411 in the schematic diagram module 41 is described Submodule 412 when general, submodule 413 when the progress, submodule when the future tense submodule 414 and the completion It links each other between 415, so that it is communicating together between the multiple submodule of the schematic diagram module 41, between the submodule Temporal data interact.By this method, when the student is when pointedly learning the tense element of past tense, corresponding to should Tense element it is general when, the when of progress, future tense and corresponding temporal data is provided when completing, therefore student can suggesting system for wearing Tense idea.
In addition, the tense unit 40 further comprises comparison module 42, wherein the comparison module 42 communicatedly connects In the schematic diagram module 41 to compare different tense elements.Specifically, the sentence unit 10 further comprises simple sentence Module 11 and subordinate clause module 12, wherein the simple sentence module 11 provides simple sentence, the subordinate clause module 12 provides subordinate clause, so And the case where being directed to the study of subordinate clause sentence pattern, often will appear a sentence multiple tense words.For this multi-time Scales word It practises, the comparison module 42 can establish the comparison between the tense element, so that the tense that student can establish system is seen It reads.
For example, there are " was " and " has done " the two tense words simultaneously in a subordinate clause, wherein described " was " corresponds to past tense, " the has done " corresponding past perfect tense, and the student can learn according to the judging unit 30 Past tense and the corresponding tense schematic diagram of the past perfect tense.In addition, the comparison module is by the tense of the two tense elements Schematic diagram is compared, and in other words, two tense elements are all shown in the tense schematic diagram and are compared by the comparison module, Student can systematically know the relationship between different tenses by this method.
It is noted that the structural unit 20 further comprises prompt word list in another implementation of the invention First 24A, correspondingly, the judging unit 30 further comprise prompt word judging unit 34A, wherein the prompt word word unit 24A is communicatively coupled to the prompt word judging unit 34A, analogously with other judging submodules, the prompt word word list First 24A stores the prompt word word data of corresponding sentence, the prompt word word judging unit 34A judge user interaction data whether The prompt word data are unanimously to, train study of the student to sentence prompt word word by this method.
Specifically, face in some embodiments, when to show that the sentence is implemented as the past complete in the sentence data library Cheng Shi, wherein the words such as prompt word involved in the past perfect tense, such as " after " " before ", when student sees that these are mentioned It is easier to judge the tense of the sentence structure of the sentence and sentence when showing word, the words such as " after " " before " are by reality at this time It applies as prompt word.
For another example, in some embodiments, when the sentence data library shows that the sentence is implemented as future progressive tense, Described in the words such as prompt word, such as " next time " " tomorrow " involved in future progressive tense, when student sees these prompts It is easier to judge the sentence structure of the sentence and the tense of sentence when word, at this time the words such as " next time " " tomorrow " It is implemented as prompt word.
For another example, in some embodiments, when the sentence data library shows that the sentence is implemented as present tense, wherein institute The words such as prompt word involved in present tense, such as " now " " at the time " are stated, are just more held when student sees these prompt words Easily judge the sentence structure of the sentence and the tense of sentence, the words such as " now " " at the time " are implemented as prompting at this time Word.
According to another aspect of the present invention, the present invention provides an English tense-studying method, wherein the English tense Learning method is applied to the assisting student's rapid system tense that studies English, comprising the following steps:
S1: one sentence unit 10 provides an at least sentence data library, wherein the sentence data library includes a specific sentence, The structural database of the corresponding specific sentence and the temporal database of the specific sentence, wherein the structural database packet Include subject structured data, predicate structured data, object structure data and space-time structure data;
S2: one interactive unit 50 obtains the student and judges data for the syntax of the specific sentence, wherein the sentence Method judges that data include the predicate structure decision to the specific sentence;
S3: one judging unit 20, which obtains and compares the syntax, judges data and the sentence data library, to judge Stating student, whether correct judgment if correct judgment thens follow the steps S4 to the predicate of the specific sentence:
S4: the interactive unit 50 obtains the student and judges number for the tense of the tense element in the predicate structure According to, and it is transferred to the judging unit 20;And
S5: the judging unit 20, which obtains and compares the tense, judges data and the temporal database, shows institute State the tense schematic diagram of the tense element of specific sentence.
Wherein, it is worth mentioning at this point that, the temporal data in the temporal database exists in the form of tense schematic diagram, wherein Different tense elements is expressed as different visualized graphs in the tense schematic diagram.Specifically, in implementation of the invention In example, tense element when completion is shown as an arrow " → ", and the tense element of past tense is shown as a bit " ", generally When tense element be shown as a long straight line " one ", tense element when progress is shown as a line segment, the tense of future tense Element is shown as a baseline.And different tense elements is shown in the bilateral coordinate system, the bilateral coordinate system Indicate that the vertical lines are placed in the lateral arrow perpendicular to the vertical lines of the lateral arrows by a lateral arrows and one At the time of the middle position of head is to indicate now.In an embodiment of the present invention, the lateral arrows are directed toward right side from left side, then The region of being implemented as on the left of the vertical lines is implemented as area in future on the right side of the vertical lines Domain, the tense element are placed in the different location of the tense schematic diagram to indicate different states.Such as when the completion Tense element arrow " → " be placed in over region when indicate that past perfect tense, tense element arrow " → " are placed in region in future When indicate future perfect tense.
It is noted that the tense of the specific sentence is usually shown in the predicate structure of the specific sentence, so And the predicate structure is by auxiliary word structure, verb structure and preposition structure composition.At this point, the predicate structured data is into one Step includes auxiliary word structured data, verb structured data and preposition structured data.
Then further, the English tense-studying method further includes steps of the interactive unit 50 and obtains The syntax judges data, wherein the syntax judges that data include judging data to the composed structure of the predicate structure, institute It states judging unit 20 and obtains and compare the composed structure and judge data and predicate structured data, to judge the student to institute Whether correct judgment if correct judgment thens follow the steps S4 for auxiliary word and/or verb in predication language structure.
Be worth mentioning when, in general learning process, student need to first judge the syntactic structure of the specific sentence, just Really search out the predicate structure in the specific sentence.Then, need to judge the structure of the predicate structure, the predication to find Auxiliary word and/or verb in language structure, judged by judging the tense of the auxiliary word and/or verb the specific sentence when State.
What is particularly worth mentioning is that in an embodiment of the present invention, when the student judges predicate structure in successfully sentence In auxiliary word and/or verb after, the student by the interactive unit 50 input be directed to the predicate structure tense interaction Data, the judging unit 20 compare the interaction data and the temporal data, judge the student whether correct judgment, To understand the learning state of the student and student is helped to grasp tense schematic diagram in continuous interaction.
Certainly, the tense judgment module 33 can interact between the student in many ways.For example, in this hair In a bright embodiment, the display of data disaply moudle 52 is directed to multiple tense schematic diagram options of a tense word, wherein described It include at least the correct option in tense schematic diagram option, the student keys in the selection of oneself, institute according to the interactive unit 50 It states tense judgment module 33 and obtains the temporal data, the tense judgment module 33 judges choosing whether just for the student Really.
In another embodiment of the invention, the data disaply moudle 52 shows a tense schematic diagram, and needs to judge Tense word, the student selects or draws the tense of the tense word in the tense schematic diagram according to the interactive unit 50 Schematic diagram state, the tense judgment module 33 obtains the interaction data, and is compared with correct temporal data, with judgement Choosing whether for the student is correct.
In addition, in one embodiment of this invention, it can connection and phase between the tense schematic diagram between different tense elements To comparison.Then, the English tense-studying method further includes steps of
S6: one tense unit judges according to the temporal data, obtains other tense states of the corresponding tense element Corresponding tense schematic diagram, and it is shown in the user.
Similarly, the English tense-studying method further includes steps of
S7: one comparison module and is shown in the user to the tense schematic diagram of a small amount of tense word.
By this method, the English tense-studying system and corresponding tense learning method educate English based on tense schematic diagram Language tense provides visual English tense-studying tool for student, and corresponding tense learning method systematization arranges English Tense, a set of tense learning system for adapting to each age stratum student of self-contained, student can pass through the English tense-studying system Systematically study English tense, to improve student to the learning enthusiasm and learning efficiency of English tense.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, anyone can show that other are various under the inspiration of the present invention The product of form, however, make any variation in its shape or structure, it is all that there is skill identical or similar to the present application Art scheme, is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an English tense-studying method, wherein the English tense-studying method is applied to learn with assisting student's rapid system Practise English tense, which is characterized in that the English tense-studying method the following steps are included:
S1: one sentence unit provides an at least sentence data library, wherein the sentence data library includes a specific sentence, corresponding institute The structural database of specific sentence and the temporal database of the specific sentence are stated, wherein the structural database includes subject Structured data, predicate structured data, object structure data and one kind of space-time structure data or combinations thereof;
S2: one interactive unit obtains the student and judges data for the syntax of the specific sentence, wherein the syntax judges Data include the predicate structure decision to the specific sentence;
S3: one judging unit, which obtains and compares the syntax, judges data and the sentence data library, to judge the student To the predicate structure of the specific sentence, whether correct judgment if correct judgment thens follow the steps S4:
S4: the interactive unit obtains the student and judges data for the tense of the tense element in the predicate structure, and It is transferred to the judging unit;And
S5: the judging unit, which obtains and compares the tense, judges data and the temporal database, shows the tense The tense schematic diagram of element, and judge the student to the tense of the specific sentence whether correct judgment, wherein the tense is first Element is expressed as different visualized graphs and is shown in the tense schematic diagram.
2. English tense-studying method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the English tense-studying method is in institute Step S3 is stated to further include steps of later
S6: the interactive unit obtains the syntax and judges data, wherein the syntax judges that data include to the predicate knot The composed structure of structure judges data, and the judging unit, which obtains and compares the composed structure, judges data and predicate structure number According to, with judge the student in the predicate structure auxiliary word and/or verb whether correct judgment is held if correct judgment Row step S4, wherein the predicate structured data includes auxiliary word structured data, verb structured data and preposition structured data.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 any English tense-studying methods, which is characterized in that the English tense-studying Method further includes steps of
S7: one tense unit judges according to the temporal data, obtain other tense states of the corresponding tense element when State schematic diagram, and it is shown in user.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 any English tense-studying methods, which is characterized in that the English tense-studying Method further includes steps of
The tense schematic diagram of S8: one comparison module at least two tense elements, and it is shown in user.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 any English tense-studying methods, which is characterized in that indicate tense when completing Element is shown as an arrow, indicates that the tense element of past tense is shown as a bit, tense element when indicating general is shown It is shown as a long straight line, indicates that tense element when carrying out is shown as a line segment, indicates that the tense element of future tense is shown as One baseline.
6. according to claim 1 or 2 any English tense-studying methods, it is characterised in that, the step S3's is laggard One step the following steps are included:
S9: the interactive unit obtains the syntax and judges data, wherein the syntax judges that data include to the specific sentence The prompt word of son judges data, and the judging unit, which obtains and compares the prompt word, judges data and prompt word data, with Judge that the student thens follow the steps S4 if correct judgment to the estimate of situation of prompt word in the specific sentence, wherein described Prompt word data are implemented as the prompt word and related data of the specific sentence.
7. an English tense-studying system, wherein the English tense-studying system is applied to learn with assisting student's rapid system Practise English tense, which is characterized in that the English tense-studying system includes:
Sentence unit, wherein the sentence unit stores sentence data library, wherein the sentence data library includes specific sentence, it is right The structural database of the specific sentence and the temporal database of the specific sentence are answered, wherein the structural database includes Subject structured data, predicate structured data, object structure data and one kind of space-time structure data or combinations thereof;
Structural unit, wherein the structural unit is communicatively coupled to the sentence unit, to obtain the structural database;
Tense unit, wherein the tense unit communication be connected to the sentence unit, to obtain the temporal database;
Interactive unit, wherein the student inputs interaction data by the interactive unit, and show data in the student, Described in interaction data include that syntax judges that data and the tense of tense element judge data;And
Judging unit communicatedly connects wherein the judging unit is communicatively coupled to sentence unit to obtain the specific sentence The structural unit is connected to obtain the structural database, is communicatively coupled to the interactive unit to obtain the interactive number According to the judging unit, which obtains and compares the syntax, judges data and the temporal database, and the judging unit obtains And compare the tense and judge data and the temporal database, the tense schematic diagram of tense element is shown, wherein the tense Element is expressed as different visualized graphs and is shown in the tense schematic diagram.
8. English tense-studying system according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the syntax judges that data include to institute The composed structure of predication language structure judges data, and the judging unit, which obtains and compares the composed structure, judges data and meaning Language structured data, wherein the predicate structured data includes auxiliary word structured data, verb structured data and preposition structured data.
9. English tense-studying system according to claim 8, wherein the tense unit further comprises schematic diagram module And comparison module, wherein the temporal database of the corresponding different tense elements of schematic diagram module storage, different tense elements Temporal database is communicating together, wherein the tense schematic diagram of the comparison module at least two tense elements, and it is shown in user.
10. English tense-studying system according to claim 9, wherein indicate that tense element when completing is shown as One arrow indicates that the tense element of past tense is shown as a bit, and tense element when indicating general is shown as a long straight line, It indicates that tense element when carrying out is shown as a line segment, indicates that the tense element of future tense is shown as a baseline.
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