CN108193577A - A kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective - Google Patents

A kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108193577A
CN108193577A CN201711382072.7A CN201711382072A CN108193577A CN 108193577 A CN108193577 A CN 108193577A CN 201711382072 A CN201711382072 A CN 201711382072A CN 108193577 A CN108193577 A CN 108193577A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
permeable
formation
layer
reinforcing plate
mating formation
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CN201711382072.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108193577B (en
Inventor
胡晓轶
肖国强
林晓珺
岳培幸
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Kao Ecological Engineering Ltd By Share Ltd
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Kao Ecological Engineering Ltd By Share Ltd
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Publication of CN108193577A publication Critical patent/CN108193577A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • E01C11/226Coherent pavings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • B01D36/02Combinations of filters of different kinds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C7/00Coherent pavings made in situ
    • E01C7/08Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders
    • E01C7/32Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders of courses of different kind made in situ

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of permeable pavement systems of ecological, environmental protective, include pervious concrete layer, pave-load layer, permeable formation and bearing course successively from top to bottom;The pave-load layer is spliced to form by several mechanisms of mating formation, and mechanism of mating formation mats formation mechanism including the first mechanism and second of mating formation, and the present invention realizes modularization laying, and stability is good, improves the flexibility of laying, environmentally protective.

Description

A kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of permeable pavement systems, and in particular to a kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective.
Background technology
The mankind, also in the environment for changing the Nature, destroy the cycle and balance of the Nature when building city.City One of important feature of change is exactly that original natural vegetation is constantly replaced by building and non-permeable hardened ground, so as to change Become the natural permeable attribute of natural soils vegetation and underlayer, so as to destroy the gentle original cycle of water in the Nature, Thus produce many negative issues.Such as:Hardened ground makes rainwater be lost in from ground or be fallen by solar evaporation, has blocked precipitation The approach of direct recharge of groundwater, makes urban groundwater be difficult to be supplemented, and Urban Underground water level is caused to decline;Air-lockedly Face be difficult carry out heat with air, moisture exchanges;The fluid-tight easy ponding of road reduces the comfort and safety of road Property:When concentrating rainfall in the short time, rainwater can only be discharged into river by lower drainage facility;It is waterproof mat formation seriously destroy city The animals and plants living environment of city urban district surface soil changes the original ecological balance of the Nature;Heavy rain season waterlogging takes place frequently, when When heavy showers is concentrated in the short time, waterproof pavement leads to impeded drainage, and rainfall concentrations cause surface gathered water, waterlogging, road Area water influences traffic safety or even causes traffic paralysis.It, can to that can explore and apply due to the appearance of problem above The water permeable paving material of " with Harmonizing with Environment " needs increasingly to increase.At present, many countries in the whole world are to permeable pavement There is certain research, particularly Japan and Germany, the comparison of development is early.China also has begun the research of correlative technology field With application, this indicates that the mistaken ideas of hardening are gradually walked out in urban construction, a kind of completely new to people's displaying, have environment, ecology, The ground of fwaater resources protection function is laid with.But the permeable pavement system of use of the prior art is lacked due to design structure Reasonability only lays particular emphasis on rain penetration function, and it is not thorough that the design of details is considered, when rainwater flow is excessive, very It is easy to cause road surface to collapse, makes permeable pavement system that can not be combined well with natural soil layer.
Invention content
The present invention proposes a kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective regarding to the issue above, and modularization is laid with, stability It is good, the flexibility of laying is improved, it is environmentally protective.
Specific technical solution is as follows:
A kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective includes pervious concrete layer, pave-load layer, permeable formation successively from top to bottom And bearing course;
The pave-load layer is spliced to form by several mechanisms of mating formation, and mechanism of mating formation mats formation mechanism and the second spreading machine including first Structure, first mats formation mechanism and the second mechanism of mating formation includes the mechanism shell of mating formation of four-prism structure, in paving structure housing Equipped with permeable chamber, permeable chamber is cylindrical structure, and support ring is equipped at the center of permeable chamber, and support ring is up-small and down-big round platform Permeable chamber is separated into inner cavity and exocoel by shape structure, support ring, and inner cavity top is granite layer, inner cavity lower part is active carbon layer, Being separated between granite layer and active carbon layer by filter mesh layer, filter mesh layer includes the first filter mesh layer and the second filter mesh layer, the One filter mesh layer is located at the top of the second filter mesh layer, and the aperture of the first filter mesh layer is more than the aperture of the second filter mesh layer, is equipped in exocoel The support tube of one circle cirque structure, the outer wall of the outer wall of support tube respectively with the inner wall of permeable chamber, support ring are in contact, support The external of pipe fills cinnamon soil, and several permeable holes are respectively equipped in the upper and lower surface of the mechanism shell of mating formation;First The upper splicing block of a circle is equipped with above the mechanism shell of mating formation for mechanism of mating formation, the second mechanism shell lower section of mating formation for mating formation mechanism is equipped with The one lower splicing block of circle, first mats formation mechanism and the second mechanism of mating formation is arranged alternately, and splicing block and lower splicing block is made to be superimposed with each other, It is fixed again by bolt;
The permeable formation presses 8 by light loam and limestone:3 ratio of weight and number mixing composition, the grain size of limestone is 10- 30mm;
The bearing course presses 5 by gravel, cobble and heavy loam:2:7 ratio of weight and number mixes, and the grain size of gravel is 10-20mm, cobble grain size for 15-30mm, the grain size of cobble is 1.5 times of grain size of gravel;
Between the permeable formation and bearing course be equipped with several reinforcing mechanisms, the reinforcing mechanisms include horizontal reinforcing plates, on Reinforcing plate group and lower reinforcing plate group, horizontal reinforcing plates are horizontal to be arranged in bearing course, and upper reinforcing plate group includes several vertical solid The upper reinforcing plate being scheduled on above horizontal reinforcing plates, upper reinforcing plate one end are located at across bearing course in permeable formation, lower reinforcing plate group packet Several lower reinforcing plates being vertically fixed below horizontal reinforcing plates are included, upper reinforcing plate and lower reinforcing plate are staggered.
A kind of permeable pavement system of above-mentioned ecological, environmental protective, wherein, the height of the upper reinforcing plate is h1, width L1, The height of lower reinforcing plate be h2, width L2, h1=1.5*h2, L2=3*L1.
A kind of permeable pavement system of above-mentioned ecological, environmental protective, wherein, the granite layer is by flower hilllock of the grain size for 5-20mm Stone forms.
A kind of permeable pavement system of above-mentioned ecological, environmental protective, wherein, the active carbon layer is by activity of the grain size for 3-10mm Charcoal forms.
A kind of permeable pavement system of above-mentioned ecological, environmental protective, wherein, what is be recessed inwardly on the outer wall of the support tube is equipped with Several permeable slots.
The present invention beneficial aspects be:
Modularization of the present invention is laid with, and stability is good, improves the flexibility of laying, environmentally protective.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 mats formation mechanism sectional view for the present invention first.
Fig. 3 is support tube sectional view of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
For technical scheme of the present invention is made to be more clear clearly, the present invention is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, Any technical characteristic to technical solution of the present invention carries out the scheme that equivalencing is obtained with conventional reasoning and each falls within guarantor of the present invention Protect range.
Reference numeral
Pervious concrete layer 1, pave-load layer 2, permeable formation 3, bearing course 4, first mat formation mechanism 5, second mat formation mechanism 6, paving Mounting mechanism housing 7, support ring 8, granite layer 9, active carbon layer 10, the first filter mesh layer 11, the second filter mesh layer 12, support tube 13, Permeable slot 14, cinnamon soil 15, permeable hole 16, upper splicing block 17, lower splicing block 18, horizontal reinforcing plates 19, upper reinforcing plate 20, lower reinforcement Plate 21.
The permeable pavement system of a kind of ecological, environmental protective as shown in the figure includes pervious concrete layer 1, mats formation successively from top to bottom Layer 2, permeable formation 3 and bearing course 4;
The pave-load layer is spliced to form by several mechanisms of mating formation, and mechanism of mating formation mats formation including the first mechanism 5 and second of mating formation Mechanism 6, first mats formation mechanism and the second mechanism of mating formation includes the mechanism shell 7 of mating formation of four-prism structure, paving structure shell Permeable chamber is equipped in body, permeable chamber is cylindrical structure, and support ring 8 is equipped at the center of permeable chamber, and support ring is up-small and down-big Truncated cone-shaped structure, permeable chamber is separated into inner cavity and exocoel by support ring, and inner cavity top is granite layer 9, inner cavity lower part is living Property layer of charcoal 10, the granite layer is made of the granite that grain size is 5-20mm, and the active carbon layer is 3-10mm by grain size Activated carbon forms, and is separated between granite layer and active carbon layer by filter mesh layer, and filter mesh layer includes 11 He of the first filter mesh layer Second filter mesh layer 12, the first filter mesh layer are located at the top of the second filter mesh layer, and the aperture of the first filter mesh layer is more than the second filter mesh layer Aperture, is equipped with the support tube 13 of a circle cirque structure in exocoel, the outer wall of support tube respectively with the inner wall of permeable chamber, support ring Outer wall be in contact, what is be recessed inwardly on the outer wall of support tube is equipped with several permeable slots 14, the external filling cinnamon soil 15 of support tube, Several permeable holes 16 are respectively equipped in the upper and lower surface of the mechanism shell of mating formation;First spreading machine for mating formation mechanism The upper splicing block 17 of a circle is equipped with above structure housing, the second mechanism shell lower section of mating formation for mating formation mechanism is equipped with the lower splicing block of a circle 18, first mats formation mechanism and the second mechanism of mating formation is arranged alternately, and splicing block and lower splicing block is made to be superimposed with each other, then pass through bolt It is fixed;
The permeable formation presses 8 by light loam and limestone:3 ratio of weight and number mixing composition, the grain size of limestone is 10- 30mm;
The bearing course presses 5 by gravel, cobble and heavy loam:2:7 ratio of weight and number mixes, and the grain size of gravel is 10-20mm, cobble grain size for 15-30mm, the grain size of cobble is 1.5 times of grain size of gravel;
Between the permeable formation and bearing course be equipped with several reinforcing mechanisms, the reinforcing mechanisms include horizontal reinforcing plates 19, Upper reinforcing plate group and lower reinforcing plate group, horizontal reinforcing plates are horizontal to be arranged in bearing course, and upper reinforcing plate group includes several vertical The upper reinforcing plate 20 being fixed on above horizontal reinforcing plates, upper reinforcing plate one end are located at across bearing course in permeable formation, lower reinforcing plate Group includes several lower reinforcing plates 21 being vertically fixed below horizontal reinforcing plates, and upper reinforcing plate and lower reinforcing plate are staggered;Institute The height for stating upper reinforcing plate is h1, width L1, and the height of lower reinforcing plate is h2, width L2, h1=1.5*h2, L2=3* L1。

Claims (5)

1. a kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective, it is characterized in that, include pervious concrete layer successively from top to bottom, mat formation Layer, permeable formation and bearing course;
The pave-load layer is spliced to form by several mechanisms of mating formation, and mechanism of mating formation mats formation mechanism including the first mechanism and second of mating formation, First mats formation mechanism and the second mechanism of mating formation includes the mechanism shell of mating formation of four-prism structure, and is equipped in paving structure housing Permeable chamber, permeable chamber are cylindrical structure, and support ring is equipped at the center of permeable chamber, and support ring is up-small and down-big truncated cone-shaped knot Permeable chamber is separated into inner cavity and exocoel by structure, support ring, and inner cavity top is granite layer, inner cavity lower part is active carbon layer, Hua Gang Separated between rock layers and active carbon layer by filter mesh layer, filter mesh layer includes the first filter mesh layer and the second filter mesh layer, the first filter Stratum reticulare is located at the top of the second filter mesh layer, and the aperture of the first filter mesh layer is more than the aperture of the second filter mesh layer, a circle is equipped in exocoel The support tube of cirque structure, the outer wall of the outer wall of support tube respectively with the inner wall of permeable chamber, support ring are in contact, support tube Cinnamon soil is filled in outside, and several permeable holes are respectively equipped in the upper and lower surface of the mechanism shell of mating formation;First mats formation The upper splicing block of a circle is equipped with above the mechanism shell of mating formation of mechanism, the second mechanism shell lower section of mating formation for mating formation mechanism is equipped with a circle Lower splicing block, first mats formation mechanism and the second mechanism of mating formation is arranged alternately, and splicing block and lower splicing block is made to be superimposed with each other, then lead to Bolt is crossed to be fixed;
The permeable formation presses 8 by light loam and limestone:3 ratio of weight and number mixing composition, the grain size of limestone is 10- 30mm;
The bearing course presses 5 by gravel, cobble and heavy loam:2:7 ratio of weight and number mixes, and the grain size of gravel is 10- 20mm, cobble grain size for 15-30mm, the grain size of cobble is 1.5 times of grain size of gravel;
Several reinforcing mechanisms are equipped between the permeable formation and bearing course, the reinforcing mechanisms include horizontal reinforcing plates, upper reinforcement Plate group and lower reinforcing plate group, horizontal reinforcing plates are horizontal to be arranged in bearing course, and upper reinforcing plate group includes several be vertically fixed on Upper reinforcing plate above horizontal reinforcing plates, upper reinforcing plate one end are located at across bearing course in permeable formation, if lower reinforcing plate group includes The dry lower reinforcing plate being vertically fixed below horizontal reinforcing plates, upper reinforcing plate and lower reinforcing plate are staggered.
2. a kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the height of the upper reinforcing plate For h1, width L1, the height of lower reinforcing plate is h2, width L2, h1=1.5*h2, L2=3*L1.
3. a kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the granite layer is by grain size Granite for 5-20mm forms.
4. a kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the active carbon layer is by grain size Activated carbon for 3-10mm forms.
5. a kind of permeable pavement system of ecological, environmental protective as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, on the outer wall of the support tube What is be recessed inwardly is equipped with several permeable slots.
CN201711382072.7A 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Ecological environment-friendly permeable pavement system Active CN108193577B (en)

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CN108193577B CN108193577B (en) 2020-04-24

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109853323A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-06-07 无锡市城归设计有限责任公司 A kind of sponge urban ecology diafiltration ground structure and its construction method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150184384A1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2015-07-02 The Spancrete Group, Inc. Precast Pervious Concrete Panels
CN204850012U (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-12-09 深圳市赛博霖水科技有限公司 Quick osmosis system of rainwater
CN107246057A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-10-13 武汉市政工程设计研究院有限责任公司 A kind of permeable cobble ditch and permeable structure
CN206721602U (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-12-08 四川农业大学 A kind of permeable road structure in environmentally friendly gardens
CN206752233U (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-12-15 浙江中景市政园林建设有限公司 A kind of permeable pavement ground

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150184384A1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2015-07-02 The Spancrete Group, Inc. Precast Pervious Concrete Panels
CN204850012U (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-12-09 深圳市赛博霖水科技有限公司 Quick osmosis system of rainwater
CN206752233U (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-12-15 浙江中景市政园林建设有限公司 A kind of permeable pavement ground
CN206721602U (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-12-08 四川农业大学 A kind of permeable road structure in environmentally friendly gardens
CN107246057A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-10-13 武汉市政工程设计研究院有限责任公司 A kind of permeable cobble ditch and permeable structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109853323A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-06-07 无锡市城归设计有限责任公司 A kind of sponge urban ecology diafiltration ground structure and its construction method

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