CN108191235A - A kind of Bone China Glaze, glaze slip and preparation method - Google Patents

A kind of Bone China Glaze, glaze slip and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108191235A
CN108191235A CN201810215445.XA CN201810215445A CN108191235A CN 108191235 A CN108191235 A CN 108191235A CN 201810215445 A CN201810215445 A CN 201810215445A CN 108191235 A CN108191235 A CN 108191235A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
glaze
bone china
sclerotin
preparation
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CN201810215445.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李山鹰
苏箐
李银峰
鲁冰雪
陈湘
宋成建
刘向云
张艳花
李翔
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Henan University of Urban Construction
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Henan University of Urban Construction
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Priority to CN201810215445.XA priority Critical patent/CN108191235A/en
Publication of CN108191235A publication Critical patent/CN108191235A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Bone China Glaze, glaze slip and preparation methods.The Bone China Glaze is mainly made of the raw material of following parts by weight:5 20 parts of silica 1,9 12 parts of alundum (Al2O3), 13 parts of lithium carbonate, 8 12 parts of kaolin, 8 15 parts of feldspar, 8 10 parts of borax, 15 18 parts of calcium phosphate, 10 15 parts of talcum powder, 35 parts of pearl powder, 12 parts of zirconium silicate, 46 parts of calcite.The Bone China Glaze of the present invention, is mainly made of raw materials such as silica, alundum (Al2O3), lithium carbonate, kaolin, can the excellent sclerotin clear frit of processability through eutectic reaction.Glaze firing experiments have shown that, there is good glossiness, surface roughness and transparency with glaze paint prepared by the glaze, can fully show that Bone China surface is smooth, fine and smooth penetrating, bright appearance characteristics of moistening.

Description

A kind of Bone China Glaze, glaze slip and preparation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic glaze fields, and in particular to a kind of Bone China Glaze, glaze slip and preparation method.
Background technology
Bone China is a kind of based on bone meal (calcination processing), while adds in the mineral such as part of clay, feldspar, quartz original Material, the soft-paste fired using high temperature biscuiting, low temperature sinter double-firing process.Porcelain billet object phase composition be mainly tricalcium phosphate, The glass phase of anorthite and certain content.Nature off-white color color and luster is presented in Bone China, and appearance exquisiteness is penetrating, beautiful elegant, moist Light has thin as a piece of paper, white as a jade, the bright laudatory title such as mirror, sound such as single sonorous stone, is high-grade ceramic generally acknowledged in the world, has very high Artistic value and use value.
Bone China Glaze is the key link for determining Bone China glaze quality, to the glossiness of Bone China, index of refraction, clean The all performance such as whiteness, surface roughness, transparency, thermal stability has great influence.There is researcher to propose that Bone China melts Block and preparation method thereof, the Bone China frit (glaze) is by spodumene, talcum, quartz, lithium carbonate, zinc oxide, soda ash, carbonic acid Calcium, yttrium oxide, potassium nitrate, bismuth oxide are made by certain proportioning.Although the glaze is with SrO, the K centainly matched2O、Li2O、 B2O3、Y2O3Realize unleaded, but the surface roughness of glaze paint, glossiness are poor, it is impossible to fully show Bone China exquisiteness and lead to Thoroughly, moist bright appearance characteristics.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of Bone China Glaze, so as to solve that glaze is made existing for existing Bone China Glaze The problem of face rear surface roughness, low in glossiness.The present invention also provides glaze slips and glaze based on above-mentioned Bone China Glaze With the preparation method of glaze slip.
To achieve the above object, technical solution is used by Bone China Glaze of the invention:
A kind of Bone China Glaze is mainly made of the raw material of following parts by weight:5-20 parts of silica 1, alundum (Al2O3) 9-12 parts, 1-3 parts of lithium carbonate, 8-12 parts of kaolin, 8-15 parts of feldspar, 8-10 parts of borax, 15-18 parts of calcium phosphate, talcum powder 10- 15 parts, 3-5 parts of pearl powder, 1-2 parts of zirconium silicate, 4-6 parts of calcite.
The Bone China Glaze of the present invention, is mainly made of raw materials such as silica, alundum (Al2O3), lithium carbonate, kaolin, At a sintering temperature, respectively by the reaction process such as decomposition, melt compounded, the ingredients phase interactions such as glass phase, stabilizer, flux With can the excellent sclerotin clear frit of processability by eutectic reaction.Glaze firing experiments have shown that, with the glaze prepare glaze paint have Good glossiness and surface roughness, the appearance that can fully show smooth, fine and smooth penetrating, the moist light in Bone China surface are special Property.
Technical solution is used by the preparation method of the Bone China Glaze of the present invention:
A kind of preparation method of Bone China Glaze, includes the following steps:By the compression moulding after mixing of each raw material, then Through calcine, quench to get.
Silica, alundum (Al2O3), lithium carbonate, kaolin, feldspar, borax, calcium phosphate, talcum powder, pearl powder, silicic acid The raw materials such as zirconium, calcite are preferably powder, and block stock can use after pulverization process, and the grain size of powder is controlled to be not more than 500 μ M.
Compression moulding step does not have particular/special requirement to forming shape, can form fixed shape, such as can be it is blocky, Column or other profiled shapes.The temperature of the calcining is 1400 DEG C -1460 DEG C.It is in the time of 1400 DEG C of -1460 DEG C of calcinings 1-2 hours.The raw material cooperation grinding and briquet method limited using the present invention can increase connecing between each material composition Contacting surface is accumulated, and improves solid phase, liquid phase reactor speed in calcination process, the compositional uniformity of calcined product, consistency is enable to show Writing improves, so as to be conducive to improve the quality of glaze and glaze slip.
Eutectic reaction is carried out in the hot conditions, the firing temperature of glaze can be reduced, improves firing efficiency, glaze is improved and exists Melt fluidity during enamel frit makeing face improves surface tension, so as to advanced optimize the appearance characteristics for improving glaze paint.Normal after calcining Warm quenching-in water, after quenching, through pulverization process to get glaze original powder.
The preparation method of the Bone China Glaze, firing temperature is low, and melt fluidity is good, is removed in raw material by eutectic reaction Harmful components, glossiness, index of refraction, whiteness, surface roughness, transparency, the thermal stability of made glaze paint etc. are comprehensive Conjunction is had excellent performance.
Technical solution is used by the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present invention:
A kind of sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry, is mainly made of the Bone China Glaze and water.
Bone China Glaze and water ratio can be adjusted according to actual conditions.Preferably, the quality of Bone China Glaze and water Than being 1:(0.9-1.2).
The performances such as stability, operability to increase glaze slip, can further add the auxiliary materials such as stabilizer, dispersant.It is excellent Choosing, the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry further includes dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose and sodium tripolyphosphate.It is further preferred that dispersion Agent, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate quality be respectively the 0.1%-0.2% of the Bone China Glaze quality, 0.2%-0.3%, 0.1%-0.2%.
The ceramic slurry dispersant of this field routine may be selected in the dispersant, such as QM-168T kinds may be selected.
The sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present invention, stability and workability are good, and formula is simple, proportioning is reasonable, in sintering process In mobility it is strong, gained glazed surface is smooth, fine and smooth penetrating, moist light.
Technical solution is used by the preparation method of the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present invention:
A kind of preparation method of sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry, including the step for being uniformly mixed water and Bone China Glaze.
Uniform sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry is refined to obtain, it is preferred that the preparation method of above-mentioned sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry, including following step Suddenly:Bone China Glaze, water are mixed, a ball milling, then add in dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate mixing, Secondary ball milling is sieved to get the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry.
It can be carried out or without sifting step after ball milling.It, can be primary to avoid the influence of bulky grain, harmful components It is sieved after ball milling, obtains glaze water slurry.Then dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate are added in into glaze water slurry Auxiliary materials are waited, after secondary ball milling, sieving obtains sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry.
Preferably, in a ball milling, glaze, abrading-ball, water mass ratio be 1:2:(0.9-1.2).It is further preferred that one Rotating speed during secondary ball milling is 360-480r/min.The time of ball milling is 24-36h.In secondary ball milling, material, abrading-ball, water Mass ratio is 1:2:(0.9-1.2).The material is glaze, dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose and sodium tripolyphosphate.Abrading-ball Diameter can select between 5-15mm, preferably 6-10mm.
It is further preferred that rotating speed during secondary ball milling is 360-480r/min.The time of secondary ball milling is 1-2h.By The glaze slip that twice prepared by mechanical milling process, one time mechanical milling process can be such that glaze fully refines, and secondary ball milling process avoids dispersion The component damage of the functional auxiliary materials such as agent, CMC, sodium tripolyphosphate finally makes the stability, homogeneity, refinement of sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry Degree is improved comprehensively.
In other cases, the ingredients such as Bone China Glaze, water, auxiliary material also can directly be carried out to mixing simultaneously ball milling, prepare bone Matter form porcelain glaze slurry.The indexs such as stability, homogeneity, the degree of refinement of such sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry can meet general sclerotin porcelain products Performance requirement.
The preparation method of the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present invention, it is simple for process, operability is good, conducive to heavy industrialization is realized Production.Using the defects of glaze paint made from gained glaze slip is pin-free, sagging, aberration, dirty point, ripple, high-grade sclerotin disclosure satisfy that The glaze layer demand of porcelain can significantly improve the quality and class of Bone China.
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are described further with reference to specific embodiment.In following embodiment, dispersant For QM-168T, hike new material Science and Technology Ltd. purchased from Dongguan City.
Embodiment 1
The Bone China Glaze of the present embodiment is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:8 parts of silica 1, alundum (Al2O3) 10 Part, 2 parts of lithium carbonate, 12 parts of kaolin, 10 parts of feldspar, 10 parts of borax, 18 parts of calcium phosphate, 11 parts of talcum powder, 4 parts of pearl powder, silicon Sour 1 part of zirconium, 4 parts of calcite.
The sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present embodiment, by water, Bone China Glaze, dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), trimerization Sodium phosphate forms, and the mass ratio of water and Bone China Glaze is 1:0.9, dispersant, CMC, sodium tripolyphosphate quality be respectively bone 0.1%, 0.2%, the 0.1% of matter glaze quality.
The preparation method of the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present embodiment, using following steps:
1) preparation of Bone China Glaze:Each raw material is ground into powder of the grain size no more than 500 μm, it then will corresponding each original The powder of material is uniformly mixed, and is pressed into bulk, calcines 1.5h at 1400 DEG C, room temperature is quenched to using normal-temperature water, crush, obtain bone Matter glaze;
2) preparation of glaze slip:By Bone China Glaze, abrading-ball (Φ 10), water in mass ratio 1:2:0.9 mixing, then carries out one Secondary ball milling, the time of a ball milling is 30h, rotating speed 450r/min;325 mesh screens are crossed after ball milling, grain size is obtained and is less than 50 μm of glaze water slurry.
Dispersant, CMC, sodium tripolyphosphate are added in into glaze water slurry, the pellet used in a ball milling is then added in and carries out Secondary ball milling, at this time in secondary ball milling, solid material, abrading-ball (Φ 6), water mass ratio may be regarded as 1:2:0.9, secondary ball milling Time is 1h, rotating speed 450r/min;180 mesh screens are crossed after secondary ball milling to get the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry.
Embodiment 2
The Bone China Glaze of the present embodiment is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:20 parts of silica, alundum (Al2O3) 12 Part, 3 parts of lithium carbonate, 12 parts of kaolin, 8 parts of feldspar, 9 parts of borax, 15 parts of calcium phosphate, 12 parts of talcum powder, 3 parts of pearl powder, silicic acid 2 parts of zirconium, 4 parts of calcite.
The sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present embodiment, by water, Bone China Glaze, dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), trimerization Sodium phosphate forms, and the mass ratio of water and Bone China Glaze is 1:1.1, dispersant, CMC, sodium tripolyphosphate quality be respectively bone 0.2%, 0.2%, the 0.1% of matter glaze quality.
The preparation method of the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present embodiment, it is substantially the same manner as Example 1, it differs only in, in step 1), The temperature of calcining is 1460 DEG C, soaking time 2h;In step 2), in a mechanical milling process, material, ball, water mass ratio be 1: 2:1, the time of a ball milling is rotating speed 480r/min for 24 hours;During secondary ball milling, material, ball, water mass ratio be 1:2: 1.1, the time of secondary ball milling is 2h, rotating speed 480r/min.
Embodiment 3
The Bone China Glaze of the present embodiment is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:8 parts of silica 1, alundum (Al2O3) 9 Part, 3 parts of lithium carbonate, 8 parts of kaolin, 15 parts of feldspar, 10 parts of borax, 15 parts of calcium phosphate, 10 parts of talcum powder, 5 parts of pearl powder, silicic acid 1 part of zirconium, 6 parts of calcite.
The sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present embodiment, by water, Bone China Glaze, dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), trimerization Sodium phosphate forms, and the mass ratio of water and Bone China Glaze is 1:1.2, dispersant, CMC, sodium tripolyphosphate quality be respectively bone 0.2%, 0.3%, the 0.2% of matter glaze quality.
The preparation method of the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present embodiment, it is substantially the same manner as Example 1, it differs only in, in step 1), The temperature of calcining is 1400 DEG C, soaking time 1.5h;In step 2), in a mechanical milling process, material, ball, water mass ratio be 1:2:1, the time of a ball milling is 36h, rotating speed 360r/min;During secondary ball milling, material, ball, water mass ratio be 1: 2:1.2, the time of secondary ball milling is 2h, rotating speed 360r/min.
Embodiment 4
The Bone China Glaze of the present embodiment is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:5 parts of silica 1, alundum (Al2O3) 9 Part, 1 part of lithium carbonate, 12 parts of kaolin, 15 parts of feldspar, 8 parts of borax, 15 parts of calcium phosphate, 15 parts of talcum powder, 5 parts of pearl powder, silicic acid 1 part of zirconium, 4 parts of calcite.
The sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present embodiment, by water, Bone China Glaze, dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), trimerization Sodium phosphate forms, and the mass ratio of water and Bone China Glaze is 1:0.9, dispersant, CMC, sodium tripolyphosphate quality be respectively bone 0.2%, 0.3%, the 0.1% of matter glaze quality.
The preparation method of the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of the present embodiment, it is substantially the same manner as Example 1, it differs only in, in step 1), The temperature of calcining is 1400 DEG C, soaking time 1h;In step 2), in a mechanical milling process, material, ball, water mass ratio be 1: 2:0.9, the time of a ball milling is 30h, rotating speed 420r/min;During secondary ball milling, material, ball, water mass ratio be 1: 2:0.9, the time of secondary ball milling is 1h, rotating speed 420r/min.
Test example
The quality of glaze paint that 4 gained sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of this test example detection embodiment 1- embodiments is formed.By Bone China Glaze slip is coated in outside biscuit, and 9-10h is fired at 1200-1250 DEG C to get the transparent glaze layer of sclerotin, is examined using WGG-60 vancometers The glossiness of glaze layer is surveyed, using the surface roughness of CSPM5500 scanning probe microscopies detection glaze layer, wherein comparative example is a certain The high-end sclerotin porcelain products of classic brands, specific testing result are as shown in table 1.
Table 1 is as the Testing index of the glaze layer obtained by the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry of each embodiment
Project Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4 Comparative example
Glossiness G (%) 99.6 98.7 98.3 97.6 93.5
Surface roughness Ra (nm) 8.35 8.41 8.52 8.61 13.32
By the testing result of table 1 it is found that compared with comparative example, the glaze layer obtained by embodiment has superior glossiness And surface roughness, it can fully show the appearance characteristics that Bone China exquisiteness is penetrating, moist bright, surface is smooth.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Bone China Glaze, which is characterized in that be mainly made of the raw material of following parts by weight:5-20 parts of silica 1, three 9-12 parts of Al 2 O, 1-3 parts of lithium carbonate, 8-12 parts of kaolin, 8-15 parts of feldspar, 8-10 parts of borax, 15-18 parts of calcium phosphate, 10-15 parts of talcum powder, 3-5 parts of pearl powder, 1-2 parts of zirconium silicate, 4-6 parts of calcite.
2. a kind of preparation method of Bone China Glaze as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that include the following steps:It will be each Raw material compression moulding after mixing, then through calcine, quench to get.
3. the preparation method of Bone China Glaze as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the temperature of the calcining is 1400 ℃-1460℃。
4. a kind of sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry, which is characterized in that be mainly made of Bone China Glaze described in claim 1 and water.
5. sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry further includes dispersant, carboxylic first Base sodium cellulosate and sodium tripolyphosphate.
6. sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate Quality be respectively the Bone China Glaze quality 0.1%-0.2%, 0.2%-0.3%, 0.1%-0.2%.
7. such as claim 4-6 any one of them sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurries, which is characterized in that the mass ratio of Bone China Glaze and water is 1:(0.9-1.2).
8. a kind of preparation method of sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that include the following steps:By bone Then matter glaze, water mixing, a ball milling add in dispersant, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate mixing, secondary ball Mill, is sieved to get the sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry.
9. the preparation method of sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the rotating speed of a ball milling is 360- 480r/min, time 24-36h.
10. the preparation method of sclerotin form porcelain glaze slurry as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the rotating speed of secondary ball milling is 360- 480r/min, time 1-2h.
CN201810215445.XA 2018-03-15 2018-03-15 A kind of Bone China Glaze, glaze slip and preparation method Pending CN108191235A (en)

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Cited By (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111423124A (en) * 2020-03-23 2020-07-17 广西欧神诺陶瓷有限公司 Wear-resistant transparent glaze, wear-resistant polished glazed brick and preparation method thereof
CN112159207A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-01 福建省德化县晖德陶瓷有限公司 Pearl white ceramic product and preparation method thereof
CN112897883A (en) * 2021-02-07 2021-06-04 孙正斌 Preparation method of pearl bone china glaze water

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111423124A (en) * 2020-03-23 2020-07-17 广西欧神诺陶瓷有限公司 Wear-resistant transparent glaze, wear-resistant polished glazed brick and preparation method thereof
CN112159207A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-01 福建省德化县晖德陶瓷有限公司 Pearl white ceramic product and preparation method thereof
CN112897883A (en) * 2021-02-07 2021-06-04 孙正斌 Preparation method of pearl bone china glaze water

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