CN108188554A - Trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture and its clamping device - Google Patents

Trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture and its clamping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108188554A
CN108188554A CN201810233038.1A CN201810233038A CN108188554A CN 108188554 A CN108188554 A CN 108188554A CN 201810233038 A CN201810233038 A CN 201810233038A CN 108188554 A CN108188554 A CN 108188554A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stud
compressing
baffle
block
panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810233038.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108188554B (en
Inventor
金山朕
刘萍萍
唐安建
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Mountain Chongqing Sign Development In Science And Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Mountain Chongqing Sign Development In Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Mountain Chongqing Sign Development In Science And Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Mountain Chongqing Sign Development In Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810233038.1A priority Critical patent/CN108188554B/en
Publication of CN108188554A publication Critical patent/CN108188554A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108188554B publication Critical patent/CN108188554B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K9/00Arc welding or cutting
    • B23K9/32Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K9/00Arc welding or cutting
    • B23K9/20Stud welding

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture and its clamping devices, the clamping device is set on the mounting bracket of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture, including being set on the mounting bracket corresponding to the first clamp structure at the position for needing the position for welding first stud, corresponding to the second clamp structure at the position for needing the position for welding the second stud and third stud on the mounting bracket, corresponding to the third clamp structure at the position for needing the position for welding the 4th stud and the 5th stud on the mounting bracket, the 5th clamp structure at the position at the position for needing the 7th stud of welding is corresponded to corresponding to the 4th clamp structure at the position for needing the position for welding the 6th stud and on the mounting bracket on the mounting bracket.Above-mentioned trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture and its clamping device, each group of clamp structure only need a cylinder, you can the position for needing to weld can be consolidated again by clamping trailing wheel bulge inner panel.

Description

Trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture and its clamping device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture and its clamping devices.
Background technology
In the trailing wheel bulge welding procedure of automobile, need that automobile back wheel bulge inner panel first is carried out arc stud welding, then third incite somebody to action Automobile back wheel bulge inner panel after arc stud welding is transported on trailing wheel bulge inner plate welding fixture to grip trailing wheel bulge inner panel, Spot welding robot is made to start to weld the trailing wheel bulge inner panel, welds and carries out gluing after the completion, after the completion of gluing, after automobile Wheel bulge inner panel and automobile back wheel bulge outside plate are grabbed to rear drum and are sandwiched, after handgrip band soldering turret robot starts welding of automotive Bulge is taken turns, automobile back wheel bulge welding procedure is completed with this.In existing trailing wheel bulge inner panel arc stud welding process, traditional trailing wheel Bulge inner panel stud welding fixture can only make trailing wheel bulge inner panel in a kind of location status, in this case, trailing wheel bulge inner panel Medial surface and lateral surface when being required to welding, a stud welding fixture is only redesigned, so that trailing wheel bulge inner panel Both sides can be demonstrated and weld, this mode very waste of materials, cost of idleness, are unfavorable for saving space, increase stud Weld interval reduces efficiency.In addition, in the prior art, in clamp structure, many clamp structures of design are needed for distinguishing It grips trailing wheel bulge and needs the position of stud welded, so so that the scale of construction of stud welding fixture is very big, occupies Space is larger, and the parts of waste are more, complicated.
Invention content
In view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, the technical problems to be solved by the invention are:A kind of simple in structure, energy is provided Enough make the position of the stud to be welded of trailing wheel bulge inner panel can effectively be demonstrated, in order to stud welding, improve arc stud welding Connect the trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture and its clamping device of efficiency.
In order to solve the above technical problems, one aspect of the present invention is:A kind of trailing wheel bulge inner panel arc stud welding The clamping device of fixture, on the mounting bracket of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture, the trailing wheel bulge inner panel is kept off after having Plate, the lower baffle plate extended to form forward by the lower end of the rear baffle, the left side being connect with the left side edge of rear baffle and lower baffle plate Side shield and the right-hand apron being connect with the right side edge of the rear baffle and lower baffle plate, the rear baffle, lower baffle plate, left side Baffle and right-hand apron are integrally formed, the equal outward bending of top edge of the rear baffle, left side baffle and right-hand apron with Form a third edge;In the rear by needing to weld at the position of front end on the medial surface of the left side baffle of wheel bulge inner panel First stud needs to weld the second spiral shell at the position of rear end on the medial surface of the left side baffle of wheel bulge inner panel in the rear Column needs to weld on the lateral surface of the left side baffle of trailing wheel bulge inner panel at the back lower place position of the second stud to be welded Third stud is connect, needs to weld the 4th stud and the 5th stud, institute at the left front side position of the lower baffle plate of trailing wheel bulge inner panel It states the 4th stud and the 5th stud is adjacent, needed at the position of rear end on the lateral surface of the right-hand apron of trailing wheel bulge inner panel The 6th stud is welded, the position in front of the 6th stud is located on the lateral surface for the right side gear for taking turns bulge inner panel in the rear It needs to weld the 7th stud;
The clamping device includes being set on the mounting bracket corresponding to the position for needing the position for welding first stud First clamp structure at the place of putting corresponds to the position for needing the position for welding the second stud and third stud on the mounting bracket Second clamp structure at the place of putting corresponds to the position for needing the position for welding the 4th stud and the 5th stud on the mounting bracket The third clamp structure at the place of putting corresponds to the 4th needed at the position at the position for welding the 6th stud on the mounting bracket Clamp structure and on the mounting bracket corresponding to need weld the 7th stud position position at the 5th clamping knot Structure;
First clamp structure includes the first mounting blocks being set on second second abdomen frame of mounting bracket, set on described The first gripper cylinder on first mounting blocks can compress the third side on the output shaft of first gripper cylinder First compressing member on edge needs to weld the first spiral shell on the medial surface of left side baffle on first compressing member for compressing Second compressing member at the position of column, coordinating with first compressing member to clamp the third on first mounting blocks First cushion block at edge corresponds to left side on first mounting blocks for holding up on the lateral surface of the left side baffle Weld the position of the first stud first is needed to hold up part on the medial surface of baffle;The upper end of first mounting blocks is close to described The side of the left side baffle of trailing wheel bulge inner panel has one first notch, and first cushion block is set on the bottom of first notch Face.
Further, first gripper cylinder is set on the outside of first mounting blocks, first gripper cylinder Output shaft straight up, and thereon end face be higher than first mounting blocks upper surface;It is provided on first gripper cylinder Two first installation journal stirrups are symmetrically arranged with two first pivot hole, in first mounting blocks on described two first installation journal stirrups Corresponding to the second pivot hole is provided at the position of two first pivot hole, one first pivot is arranged in two first pivots for the lower end in outside First gripper cylinder is installed on first mounting blocks in hole and the second pivot hole.
Further, first compressing member include that first end is articulated on the output shaft of first gripper cylinder the One compression bar, on first compression bar and be articulated in first mounting blocks upper end the first supporting point part, set on described The second end of first compression bar has corresponding to the first briquetting at the position of first cushion block, first briquetting positioned at described The first of first cushion block paves being paved right over part positioned at described first on third edge for compressing for the surface of part The first pressing section.
Further, the first sleeve is arranged in the upper end of the output shaft of first gripper cylinder, in the first set The top of cylinder is provided with two second installation journal stirrups, symmetrically offers on described two second installation journal stirrups and is passed through for one second pivot Third pivot hole, offered at position of the first end corresponding to the third pivot hole of first compression bar one be arranged in it is described The 4th pivot hole on second pivot, so that first compression bar is articulated in the upper of the output shaft of first gripper cylinder End so that the second end of first compression bar can be pressed on the third side downwards around the output shaft of first gripper cylinder Along upper or be lifted up.
Further, first supporting point part includes the first bearing piece set on at least side of first compression bar, institute The lower end for stating the first bearing piece is articulated in the respective side of first mounting blocks.
Further, second compressing member is used to need to weld the first stud on the medial surface of the left side baffle Position is pressed outward to hold up part cooperation with described first, so as to clamp the position for needing to weld the first stud on the medial surface, Second compressing member include first end connect by one the 4th link block with first compression bar the second compression bar, set on described The second end of second compression bar and positioned at the left side baffle medial surface the second briquetting, corresponded on second briquetting The first guide block at the position of the second part;Second compression bar be T-bar or L-shaped bar, have a lateral part with And a vertical section, the one side that the first end of the lateral part passes through the 4th link block and first compression bar connect It connects, the vertical section is set on the second end of first cross bar, and the vertical section is gradient and the left side baffle The oblique montant that gradient matches.
Further, described first the position that part is located on first mounting blocks below second compression bar is held up Place, described first, which holds up part, includes one first tray, and first tray is in folding shape block, the first end of first tray and institute The connection of the first mounting blocks is stated, second end is bent after the extension of the lateral surface direction of the trailing wheel bulge to form a bending part, The second cushion block is provided on the bending part, the position of second cushion block is corresponding to first guide block.
Further, second clamp structure is set on rise from left to right second second abdomen frame of mounting bracket, institute It states the second clamp structure and includes being set on the second mounting blocks on second second abdomen frame, set on the outside of second mounting blocks On the second gripper cylinder, the third pressure that can compress the third edge on the output shaft of second gripper cylinder Tight part needs the position for welding the second stud on the third compressing member for compressing on the medial surface of left side baffle 4th compressing member coordinates on second mounting blocks with the third compressing member to clamp the third pad at the third edge The second support of Part IV is corresponded on block, the lateral surface for being used to hold up the left side baffle on second mounting blocks Playing part and being corresponded on the left side baffle lateral surface on second mounting blocks needs to weld the third stud Third at the position at position holds up part, and described second, which holds up part and the 4th compressing member, cooperates with from opposite direction Clamp the position for needing to weld the second stud on the left side baffle;The third holds up part and includes the first L-shaped block, and described first One longitudinal block of L-shaped block is fixed on second mounting blocks, and the lateral blocks of the first L-shaped block are located at the left side baffle Lateral surface, the third hold up part further include in the lateral blocks of the first L-shaped block for holding up the left side baffle Lateral surface the second tray and the second guide block for being connect with first tray, second guide block also in semi-annular shape, The interior semicircle size of second guide block of the semi-annular shape matches with the outer diameter of third stud for needing to weld, in third stud Guiding role is played during welding.
Further, the third clamp structure is set on rise from left to right second second abdomen frame of the mounting bracket On, second clamp structure includes the third mounting blocks being set on second second abdomen frame, is installed set on the third Third gripper cylinder on block, the leading edge that can compress the lower baffle plate on the output shaft of the third gripper cylinder The 6th compressing member, on the 6th compressing member for compress the lower baffle plate medial surface on need weld the 4th spiral shell 7th compressing member at the position of column, coordinating with the 6th compressing member to clamp the lower block on the third mounting blocks Phase on 4th cushion block of the leading edge of plate, the lateral surface for being used to hold up the lower baffle plate on second second abdomen frame The 5th of Part V described in Ying Yu holds up part, and the described 5th, which holds up part and the 7th compressing member, cooperates with from opposite Direction clamps to be needed to weld the position of the 4th stud on the lower baffle plate;Second clamp structure is further included set on described The 5th compressing member for welding the position of the 5th stud is needed on the medial surface of the lower baffle plate for compressing on 6th compressing member And the Part VI is corresponded on the downside of the lower baffle plate for holding up on second second abdomen frame Position the 4th hold up part;Second clamp structure further includes the third limiting set on the upper end of the third mounting blocks Block, the third limited block are set on the third mounting blocks third branch for the 6th compressing member for being located at the third clamp structure The inside of point component, for limiting the lower pan position of the compression bar of the 6th compressing member, can prevent the 6th compressing member Compression bar excessively pushes and damages the trailing wheel bulge inner panel.
In order to solve the above technical problems, one aspect of the present invention is:Including above-mentioned clamping device.
The trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture and its clamping device of the present invention, simple in structure, each group of clamp structure Only need a cylinder, you can the position for needing to weld can be consolidated again by clamping trailing wheel bulge inner panel, greatly reduce structure Complexity, by overturning position limiting structure staff, very easily the stud of inner surface sides and lateral surface is welded.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of one embodiment of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram at another visual angle of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of left-half in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of first clamp structure at left back side direction visual angle and the second clamp structure in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is that the 4th picking-up part of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture of the present invention and the structure of the 5th picking-up part are shown It is intended to.
Fig. 6 is the structure diagram of the 4th clamp structure and the 5th clamp structure.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other without making creative work Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1 to Fig. 6 is referred to, the present invention is by taking the left rear wheel bulge inner panel of automobile as an example to the trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud Welding clamp is illustrated.The trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture of the present embodiment includes a left frame 10, a left side frame 12, is set on Mounting bracket 2 between the left frame 10 and left side frame 12, on the left frame 10 and left side frame 12 and with the installation The both ends of frame 2 connect (left and right ends in Fig. 1) can drive the mounting bracket 2 around the center line (length with mounting bracket 2 Degree direction is parallel and crosses the line at center, the front and rear overturning in Fig. 1) it overturns and can be limited after the mounting bracket 2 overturning Overturning position limiting structure and one be set on the mounting bracket 2 to clamp the clamping device of the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800.
The left frame 10 and left side frame 12 can be arranged symmetrically, and the left frame 10 and left side frame 12 include a top Crossbearer 101,121, by the top crossbearer 101,121 the downwardly and forwardly sloping front stand 102 in front end, 122, it is horizontal by the top Stand 103,123 and transverse direction are set on the front stand 102,122 and rear stand after frame 101,121 is downward and sweptback 103rd, at least one first abdomen frame 104,124 between 123.In the bottom of the front stand 102,122 and rear stand 103,123 point It is not provided with one for corresponding side frame to be fixed on to the foot stool 105,125 such as ground on platform, in the foot stool 105,125 On be provided with fixing bolt, corresponding side frame is detachably secured to by fixing bolt on the platform.In the left frame 10 And a link 13 is additionally provided between left side frame 12, the both ends of the link 13 and the left frame 10 and left side frame 12 Bottom connects to strengthen the left frame 10 and left side frame 12.It is intelligible, in other examples, the left frame 10 and Left side frame 12 is not limited to above structure, for example, the left frame 10 and left side frame 12 can be in a vertical bulks or in square Shape frame-like etc., as long as left frame 10 and left side frame 12 have top.
The mounting bracket 2 be in mesh shape, the mounting bracket 2 include a rectangle frame, the rectangle frame by the first cross bar 201, with Its second parallel cross bar 202, be vertically connected at 201 and second cross bar 202 of the first cross bar first end the first vertical pole 203rd, the second vertical pole 204 for being vertically connected at the second end of 201 and second cross bar 202 of the first cross bar encloses, described Mounting bracket 2 further includes several second abdomen framves 22 in the rectangle frame.In the present embodiment, the second abdomen frame 22 is three Root, the both ends of three second abdomen framves 22 connect, and three second abdomen framves 22 in 201 and second cross bar 202 of the first cross bar It is parallel with 203 and second vertical pole 204 of the first vertical pole, and three second abdomen framves 22 are along the 201 length side of the first cross bar To interval setting, the hollow space of the rectangle frame is isolated for three second abdomen framves 22, the first vertical pole 203 and the second vertical pole 204 The subspace independent into four.Intelligible, in other embodiments, the mounting bracket 2 not necessarily presses said structure design, Design mainly allows each sub-spaces to provide the transference space of subsequent corresponding component, different in above structure In embodiment, the mounting bracket 2 also can be in other structures, such as rectangular plate-like structure, circular plate structure, variously-shaped structure Etc..
About overturning position limiting structure:
Including being located therein a side frame top, (the present embodiment is left side frame 12 to the overturning position limiting structure, following with the right side Be illustrated for side frame 12) main overturning structure 31 and set on another side frame top (the present embodiment be left frame 10, below It is illustrated by taking left frame 10 as an example) from overturning structure 32 and position limiting structure 33.
About main overturning structure 31:
The main overturning structure 31 includes the right connector 311 being connect with the right end of the mounting bracket 2, set on the right side First axle bed 312 at the top of frame 12 (i.e. the top crossbearer 121 of left side frame 12), be arranged on first axle bed 312 and left end and The main rotary shaft 313 of the connection of right connector 311 connects in the left side frame 12 and with 313 right end of main rotary shaft Connect the driving structure 314 the main rotary shaft 313 to be driven to rotate.
The right connector 311 includes the first connecting plate 311a being detachably secured on second vertical pole 204, stands Set on the first front vertical plate of the front and rear edges of the first connecting plate 311a and the first back vertical plate 311b and it is erected on described First right risers 311c of the right hand edge of one connecting plate 311a.First front vertical plate and the first back vertical plate 311b can be right angle Triangular reinforcing plate or trapezoidal plate etc..The left end of the first right risers 311c and the main rotary shaft 313 removably connect It connects (such as be spirally connected, rivet, be clamped).
The left end of the main rotary shaft 313 extends outward the first edge of an annular, is opened on first edge Equipped with several the first screw holes being threadedly coupled with the first right risers 311c, institute is corresponded on the first right risers 311c It states and corresponding second screw hole is offered at the position of the first screw hole, several first bolts are arranged in corresponding first screw hole and second So that the main rotary shaft 313 is threadedly coupled with the first right risers 311c in screw hole.
The driving structure 314 is fixed on the lateral surface (i.e. the one side far from the left frame 10) of the left side frame 12, In the lateral surface of the left side frame 12 one the 6th mounting blocks 126, the driving structure are provided at the position of top crossbearer 121 314 are fixed on the 6th mounting blocks 126.The driving structure 314 includes being fixed on by a first fixed structure 315 The first cylinder 316 on 6th mounting blocks 126, with the upward of the output axis connection of first cylinder 316 and turning forward Oblique ratch 317 (is fixed on the 6th peace for the ratch 317 to be fixed on the lateral surface of the left side frame Fill on block 126) the second fixed structure 318 and the gear ratcheting on the main rotary shaft 313 and with the ratch 317 319。
The first fixed structure 315 is set on the 6th mounting blocks 126 at the position of rear side, and described first is solid Determine structure 315 to include being attached on the 6th mounting blocks 126 and sweptback first fixed block 315a, be consolidated by described first The second company for determine the outwardly extending first link block 315b in lower end of block 315a, connecting with the bottom surface of the first link block 315b Meet block 315c, the second fixed block 315d that upper end is connect with the bottom surface of the first link block 315b, set on first cylinder 316 output terminal and the third link block 315e of perforation that passes through with the output shaft for first cylinder 316 and with institute State one end connected vertically third fixed block 315fs of the third link block 315e close to the second fixed block 315d.Described first After cylinder 316 is fixed on by the first fixed structure 315 on the 6th mounting blocks 126, first cylinder 316 it is upper End is upward and turns forward, and lower end is downward and tilts backwards, so that the output shaft (piston rod) of first cylinder 316 is even The ratch 317 connect is in upwards and turns forward ramp-like.In the present embodiment, the first link block 315b and first fixed block 315a vertical connections, the second fixed block 315d and the second link block 315c vertical connections, the third fixed block 315f and the third link block 315e vertical connections.It is in L after the first fixed block 315a and the first link block 315b connections T-shaped piece after shape block, the second fixed block 315d and the second link block 315c connections, third fixed block 315f and third link block L-shaped piece after 315e connections, the lower end of the first fixed block 315a is downward and tilts backwards so that the first link block 315b And second link block 315c rear end in upwards and retreat it is ramp-like so that with the second link block 315c vertical connections The second fixed block 315d in downwards and retreating ramp-like, and the one side of the second link block 315c is close with the described 6th The outer surface of mounting blocks 126.The rear surface of the third fixed block 315f is connect with the front surface of the second fixed block 315d, The third link block 315e is in upwards and retreats ramp-like.Above structure is the output terminal that may be such that first cylinder 316 After (i.e. upper end) and the third link block 315e are fixed, the upper end of first cylinder 316 upwards and turns forward, lower end to Down and tilt backwards.As preference, it is connected with one between the first fixed block 315a and the first link block 315b First reinforcement block 315g is connected between the rear surface of the second fixed block 315d and the bottom surface of the first link block 315b Have one second reinforcement block 315h, the third link block 315e lateral surface and the third fixed block 315f lateral surface it Between be connected with a third reinforcement block 315i, the third link block 315e medial surface (close to the 6th mounting blocks 126 One side) between the medial surface of the third fixed block 315f it is connected with one the 4th reinforcement block.By the first reinforcement block 315g, Second reinforcement block 315h, third reinforcement block 315i and the 4th reinforcement block can play reinforcing to the first fixed structure 315 Effect.The third reinforcement block 315i and the 4th reinforcement block are respectively arranged at interior outside, to the third link block 315e and While three fixed block 315f are reinforced, the power not interfered between the output shaft of the ratch 317 and first cylinder 316 passes It passs.
Second fixed structure 318 includes the 4th fixed block being attached on the outer surface of the 6th mounting blocks 126 The lower end of 318a (rectangular block), the 4th fixed block 318a are downward and tilt backwards, so that the 4th fixed block The trailing flank of 318a is in downward and rear angled surfaces.Second fixed structure 318 further includes and the 4th fixed block 318a Outer surface one first supporting block 318b connected vertically, the rear end of the first supporting block 318b and the 4th fixed block The rear end of 318a is generally aligned in the same plane.The second fixed block 315d is further included to hang down with the trailing flank of the 4th fixed block 318a The direct-connected lower end of the second supporting block 318c, the second supporting block 318c connect downwards and tilts backwards, and upper end is upwards and forward It tilts, the second supporting block 318c is located at the front upper place of the first fixed block 315a structures, corresponding to the position of the gear 319 Place is put, it is parallel with the third fixed block 315f.
In the present embodiment, it is described it is main overturning structure 31 further include on second fixed structure (in the present embodiment, On the second supporting block 318c) upper end of the ratch 317 is supplied to be contained in accepting box 310 therein, in the receiving On box 310 towards one side along the ratch 317 of the gear 319 length direction offer one for the ratch 317 it is exposed Elongated chamber, the length of the elongated chamber and the outer diameter of the gear 319 match, and the gear 319 passes through the elongated chamber It is ratcheting with exposed ratch 317.The top of the elongated chamber has the circular perforations to match with the ratch 317, in institute The top for stating elongated chamber is provided with one for limiting the locating part that the top of the ratch 317 is pierced by upwards, the locating part packet It includes set on the fixed link of the upper end of one side of the elongated chamber far from the gear 319 and from the upper end of the fixed link to institute The gag lever post that the axis direction of host cavity is extend horizontally away is stated, the gag lever post is higher than the top end face of the host cavity.
About from overturning structure 32:
It is described to include the left connector 321 being connect with the left end of the mounting bracket 2, set on the left side from overturning structure 32 It second axle bed 322 at the top of frame 10 (i.e. the top crossbearer 101 of left frame 10) and is arranged on second axle bed 322 and right end The slave rotation axis 323 being connect with the left connector 321.
The structure or function of the left connector 321 and the structure or function of the right connector 311 are same or similar, institute State left connector 321 by with the right connector 311 it is symmetrical in a manner of be set on the top crossbearer 101 of the left frame 10.Institute Left connector 321 is stated to include the second connecting plate 321a being detachably secured on first vertical pole 203, be erected on described the The the second front vertical plate 321b and the second back vertical plate 321c of the front and rear edges of one connecting plate 311a and be erected on it is described second connection First left risers 321d of plate 321a left hand edges.The second front vertical plate 321b and the second back vertical plate 321c can be right angle trigonometry Shape reinforcing plate or trapezoidal plate etc..The first left risers 321d and the detachably connected (example of the right end from rotation axis 323 It is such as spirally connected, rivets, is clamped).
The right end from rotation axis 323 extends outward the second edge of an annular, is opened on second edge Equipped with several third screw holes being threadedly coupled with the first left risers 321d, institute is corresponded on the first left risers 321d It states and corresponding 4th screw hole is offered at the position of third screw hole, several second bolts are arranged in corresponding third screw hole and the 4th So that described be threadedly coupled from rotation axis 323 with the first left risers 321d in screw hole.
About position limiting structure 33:
The position limiting structure 33 includes being set on 10 top of left frame (to be set positioned at described from 32 rear side of overturning structure In the rear end of the described first vertical frame) main position limiting structure, set on the mounting bracket 2 corresponding to the main position limiting structure position at The first of (rear side of left end) is limited structure and the front side of the left end set on the mounting bracket 2 second is limited structure.
In the present embodiment, the main position limiting structure is the second cylinder 331, and the horizontal position where the cylinder is higher than described Mounting bracket 2, the output shaft of second cylinder 331 is towards the direction of the left side frame 12.Described first, which is limited structure, includes Set on the left end of the mounting bracket rear side (rear end of the first vertical pole 203) can be with the output shaft of second cylinder 331 First position-limiting drum 332 of alignment, described second is limited front side (the first vertical pole for the left end that structure is included set on the mounting bracket 203 front end) and with the second limit that can be aligned after main overturning structure 31 overturning with the output shaft of second cylinder 331 Position cylinder 333.When first position-limiting drum 332 is aligned with second cylinder 331 and needs limiting, make second cylinder The direction of 331 axial first position-limiting drum 332 of output moves to be arranged in first position-limiting drum 332, thus can Enough so that the rear side of the mounting bracket 2 is higher than front side and keeps this state, prevent the mounting bracket 2 from overturning.When described second When position-limiting drum 333 is aligned with second cylinder 331 and needs limiting, make the output of second cylinder 331 axially described the The direction of two position-limiting drums 333 is moved to be arranged in second position-limiting drum 333, and this makes it possible to cause the mounting bracket 2 Front side is higher than rear side and keeps this state, prevents the mounting bracket 2 from overturning.
The overturning position limiting structure of the present embodiment when frame 2 is mounted in overturning, if desired makes the rear side of the mounting bracket 2 Higher than front side, the ratch 317 is just made to move down so that the gear 319 to be driven to rotate (rotating counterclockwise) forward, so as to The mounting bracket 2 is made to overturn forward, after first position-limiting drum 332 is aligned with second cylinder 331, just makes the second cylinder 331 output shaft is arranged in first position-limiting drum 332, you can the mounting bracket 2 is limited to prevent the installation Frame 2 continues to overturn.If desired the front side of the mounting bracket 2 is made the ratch 317 just to be made to move up to drive higher than rear side It states gear 319 to rotate backward and (rotate clockwise), so as to which the mounting bracket 2 be made to turn over, when second position-limiting drum 333 After being aligned with second cylinder 331, the output shaft of second cylinder 331 is just made to be arranged in second position-limiting drum 333, The mounting bracket 2 can be limited to prevent the mounting bracket 2 from continuing to overturn.It, can using above-mentioned overturning position limiting structure So that the mounting bracket 2 overturns to precalculated position and limits so that the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 being installed on the mounting bracket 2 There are two location status for tool, and two location status are mainly depending on trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding position, conveniently Staff carries out arc stud welding according to different location state to 800 corresponding position of trailing wheel bulge inner panel.It is intelligible, the present embodiment Trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 although two location status of mounting bracket 2 are only limited, and do not have to according to practical welding position In limitation in other examples, mounting bracket 2 is limited according to the welding position of the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 of other embodiment Two multiposition states, it is only necessary to increase main position limiting structure quantity in 10 corresponding position of left frame and/or be corresponded on mounting bracket 2 The position setting of second cylinder 331 is corresponding to be limited structure 33.
About clamping device:
Before being illustrated to the clamping device, 800 structure of trailing wheel bulge inner panel need to be briefly described. 800 shape of trailing wheel bulge inner panel or structure can be similar to existing 800 shape of trailing wheel bulge inner panel or structure, see Fig. 1 institutes Show, 800 shape of trailing wheel bulge inner panel be similar to dustpan shape, have rear baffle 801, by rear baffle 801 lower end forward The lower baffle plate 802 that extends to form, the left side baffle 803 being connect with the left side edge of rear baffle 801 and lower baffle plate 802 and with institute State the right-hand apron 804 of the right side edge connection of rear baffle 801 and lower baffle plate 802, the rear baffle 801, lower baffle plate 802, a left side Side shield 803 and right-hand apron 804 are integrally formed.The rear baffle 801, left side baffle 803 and right-hand apron 804 it is upper The equal outward bending in edge is to form a third edge 805.
In the present embodiment, the position of front end is leaned on the medial surface for the left side baffle 803 for taking turns bulge inner panel 800 in the rear Place needs to weld the first stud 811, close to rear end on the medial surface for the left side baffle 803 for taking turns bulge inner panel 800 in the rear It needs to weld the second stud 812 at position, be located on the lateral surface of the left side baffle 803 of trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 to be welded The second stud 812 back lower place position at need to weld third stud 813, in the lower baffle plate 802 of trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 It needs to weld the 4th stud 814 and the 5th stud 815, the 4th stud 814 and 815 phase of the 5th stud at left front side position Neighbour needs the 6th stud of welding on the lateral surface of the right-hand apron 804 of trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 at the position of rear end 816, taking turns the position being located in front of the 6th stud 816 on the lateral surface of the right side gear of bulge inner panel 800 in the rear needs Weld the 7th stud 817.
The clamping device, which includes being set on corresponding on the mounting bracket 2, to be needed to weld the position of first stud 811 Position at the first clamp structure, on the mounting bracket 2 corresponding to needing to weld the second stud 812 and third stud The second clamp structure at the position at 813 position, on the mounting bracket 2 corresponding to need to weld the 4th stud 814 and Third clamp structure at the position at the position of the 5th stud 815, on the mounting bracket 2 corresponding to needing to weld the 6th spiral shell The 4th clamp structure at the position at the position of column 816 and on the mounting bracket 2 corresponding to needing to weld the 7th stud The 5th clamp structure at the position at 817 position.
About the first clamp structure:
First clamp structure is set on the first second abdomen frame 22 risen from left to right, specifically set on described first At the front position of second abdomen frame 22.First clamp structure includes the be set on the second abdomen frame 22 first installation knot Structure, the first gripper cylinder 41 on first mounting structure, on the output shaft of first gripper cylinder 41 The third edge 805 can be compressed, and (third edge 805 is simple below close to the part for needing the position for welding the first stud 811 Claim first part) the first compressing member 42, on first compressing member 42 for compress left side baffle 803 medial surface On need weld the first stud 811 position (hereinafter referred to as second part) the second compressing member 43, set on described first installation knot Coordinating with first compressing member 42 to clamp first cushion block 44 at the third edge 805, set on the described first peace on structure Part 45 is held up corresponding to the first of second part on the lateral surface of the left side baffle 803 for holding up on assembling structure, it is described First picking-up part 45 cooperates with first compressing member 42 to be needed with being clamped from opposite direction on the left side baffle 803 Weld the position of the first stud 811.Wherein:
First mounting structure include be set on first second abdomen frame 22 on the first mounting blocks 40, described first The upper end of the inside of mounting blocks 40 has one first to lack (close to the side of the left side baffle 803 of the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800) Mouthful, less than the third edge 805, first cushion block 44 is set on the bottom of first notch for the bottom surface of first notch Face has be located at the first part for paving the third edge 805 first to pave part.
First gripper cylinder 41 is set on the outside of first mounting blocks 40 (i.e. far from the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 side), the output shaft of first gripper cylinder 41 straight up, and thereon end face be higher than first mounting blocks 40 Upper surface.Specifically, two first installation journal stirrups 411 are provided on first gripper cylinder 41, in described two first installations Two first pivot hole are symmetrically arranged on journal stirrup 411, described two first are corresponded in the lower end in the outside of first mounting blocks 40 The second pivot hole is provided at the position of pivot hole, one first pivot 412 is arranged in two first pivot hole and the second pivot hole with by described in First gripper cylinder 41 is installed on first mounting blocks 40.
First compressing member 42 includes the first pressure that first end is articulated on the output shaft of first gripper cylinder 41 Bar 421, on first compression bar 421 and be articulated in first mounting blocks 40 upper end the first supporting point part 422, set In first compression bar 421 second end (far from the first gripper cylinder 41 one end) corresponding to the position of first cushion block 44 First briquetting 423 at place, first briquetting 423, which has, is located at the first of first cushion block 44 surface for paving part It is located at described first on third edge 805 for compressing and paves the first pressing section right over part.Wherein, described first The upper end of the output shaft of gripper cylinder 41 is arranged with the first sleeve, and two second installation branch are provided at the top of first sleeve Ear 413 symmetrically offers the third pivot hole passed through for one second pivot 414, described on described two second installation journal stirrups 413 The first end of first compression bar 421 at the position of the third pivot hole corresponding to offering one and be arranged on second pivot 414 The 4th pivot hole so that first compression bar 421 is articulated in the upper end of the output shaft of first gripper cylinder 41 so that The second end of first compression bar 421 can be pressed on the third edge downwards around the output shaft of first gripper cylinder 41 On 805 or it is lifted up.First supporting point part 422 includes first set on at least side of first compression bar 421 Bearing piece, the lower end of first bearing piece are articulated in the respective side of first mounting blocks 40, in this way, when the described first clamping gas When the output shaft of cylinder 41 acts upwards so that the first end of first compression bar 421 acts upwards, passes through first fulcrum The lever principle of part 422 makes the second end of first compression bar 421 be pressed in downwards on the third edge 805, so that The first briquetting 423 positioned at the second end of first compression bar 421 coordinates to clamp the third side with first cushion block 44 Along 805 first part.
Second compressing member 43 is used to need to weld the first stud 811 on the medial surface of the left side baffle 803 Position (second part) is pressed outward to coordinate with the described first picking-up part 45, so as to clamp the second part.Wherein, described Two compressing members 43 include first end (one end far from the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800) and pass through one the 4th link block and described first The second compression bar 431 that compression bar 421 connects, set on second compression bar 431 second end and in the left side baffle 803 Second briquetting 432 of side, on second briquetting 432 corresponding to the second part position at the first guide block 433.Second compression bar 431 is T-bar or L-shaped bar, has an a lateral part 431a and vertical section 431b, described The first end of lateral part 431a is connect by the 4th link block with the one side of first compression bar 421, described vertical Part 431b is set on the second end of first cross bar 201, and the vertical section 431b is gradient and the left side baffle 803 The oblique montant that matches of gradient.Second compression bar 431 is designed as T-bar or L-shaped bar, and makes the vertical section 431b For oblique montant, in this way, can cause the gradient for the second briquetting 432 being installed on the vertical section 431b and the left side The gradient of baffle 803 matches, and is capable of being contacted with the left side baffle 803 for maximum area.First guide block 433 is set on The lower end of second briquetting 432, first guide block 433 be in semi-annular shape, the first guide block 433 of the semi-annular shape it is interior The size (internal diameter) of semi-circular shape with the outer diameter of the first stud 811 that welds is needed to match, when the first stud 811 welds from To guiding role.
In the present embodiment, the inside of first supporting point part 422 is located in 40 upper end of the first mounting blocks (close to institute State the direction of trailing wheel bulge inner panel) position at be additionally provided with for limit first compression bar 421 lower pan position first Limited block 46, first limited block 46 can prevent first compression bar 421 from excessively pushing and damaging the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800。
Described first, which holds up part 45, is set on first mounting blocks 40 position for being located at 431 lower section of the second compression bar Place, described first, which holds up part 45, includes one first tray 451, and first tray 451 is in folding shape block, such as L-shaped block etc., institute The first end for stating the first tray 451 is connect with first mounting blocks 40, and second end is to the lateral surface direction of the trailing wheel bulge It bends to form a bending part after extension, the second cushion block 452, the position of second cushion block 452 is provided on the bending part It puts corresponding to first guide block 433.The bending part enables to one side of first tray 451 towards the rear drum Area increase, so as to set the second cushion block 452 of larger area, increase and hold up area, the effect that is fixedly clamped is more preferable, more Convenient for the welding of the first stud 811.
In the present embodiment, it is additionally provided with to prevent the trailing wheel bulge rotational displacement on first mounting blocks 40 First locating part 47, first locating part 47 are included vertically set on the inside of first mounting blocks 40 and positioned at the third First column 471 of the underface of 805 corresponding position of edge, the first spacer pin 472 being erected on first column 471 with And it is opened in the first limit hole with first spacer pin 472 limiting cooperation of the corresponding position at the third edge 805.
About the second clamp structure:
The structure or function of second clamp structure and the structure or function of first clamp structure are same or similar, The installation position for differing only in second clamp structure differs, is differed for clamping the position at third edge 805, is For clamping the position for needing to weld the second stud 812 on the left side baffle 803, compared to the first clamp structure, due on a left side It needs to weld third stud 813, therefore the second clamp structure increases to hold up the left side on the lateral surface of side shield 803 The third for welding the position of third stud 813 is needed to hold up part 57 on the lateral surface of baffle 803.
Specifically, second clamp structure is set on the second second abdomen frame 22 risen from left to right, is specifically set At the back-end location of second second abdomen frame 22.Second clamp structure includes being set on second second abdomen frame Structure or function the second mounting blocks 51 the same or similar with 40 structure or function of the first mounting blocks on 22, set on described Structure or function and the structure or function of first gripper cylinder 41 on the outside of second mounting blocks 51 is the same or similar Second gripper cylinder 52 can compress the 805 (third of third edge on the output shaft of second gripper cylinder 52 Edge 805 close to need weld the second stud 812 position part, claim Part III) third compressing member 53 (structure or work( Can be same or similar with the first compressing member 42), on the third compressing member 53 for compress left side baffle 803 inside 54 (the structure or function and described second of the 4th compressing member at the position (claiming Part IV) of the second stud 812 of welding is needed on face The structure or function of compressing member 43 is same or similar), coordinate on second mounting blocks 51 with the third compressing member 53 With clamp the third cushion block 55 of the Part III at the third edge 805 (structure or function it is identical with first cushion block 44 or It is similar), on second mounting blocks 51 for holding up on the lateral surface of the left side baffle 803 corresponding to Part IV Second hold up part 56 (structure or function with described first hold up part 45 structure or function it is same or similar), second support Playing part 56 and the 4th compressing member 54 and cooperating needs welding the to be clamped from opposite direction on the left side baffle 803 The position of two studs 812.Second clamp structure further includes the second limited block set on the upper end of second mounting blocks 51 58, second limited block 58 is set on first mounting blocks 40 positioned at the interior of the second supporting point part of third compressing member 53 Side, for limiting the lower pan position of the third compression bar 531 of third compressing member 53, under the third compression bar 531 can be prevented excessively It presses and damages the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800.
Due to above-mentioned second clamp structure compared to first clamp structure for, merely add third hold up part 57, In addition to this, the structure or function of other components is same or similar with the structure or function of first clamp structure, only It needs to make accordingly to change by the quantifier before other component to repeat to avoid with the other component title of the first clamp structure, Therefore, the other component just no longer held up other than part 57 to the third of second clamp structure herein is described in detail, this The structure of a little other components, installation position can be directly referring to the first clamp structures.Part 57 is held up to the third below to carry out in detail It is thin to illustrate:
The third picking-up part 57 is set on to correspond on 803 lateral surface of left side baffle on second mounting blocks 51 and need At the position for welding the position of the third stud 813, the third holds up part 57 and includes the first L-shaped block 571, and described first One longitudinal block of L-shaped block 571 is fixed on second mounting blocks 51, and the lateral blocks of the first L-shaped block 571 are located at the left side The lateral surface of side shield 803.The third picking-up part 57 is further included to be used in the lateral blocks of the first L-shaped block 571 The second guide block for holding up the second tray 572 of the lateral surface of the left side baffle 803 and being connect with first tray 451 573, second guide block 573 also in semi-annular shape, with needing weld by the interior semicircle size of the second guide block 573 of the semi-annular shape The outer diameter of third stud 813 connect matches, and guiding role is played when third stud 813 welds.
About third clamp structure:
The structure or function of the third clamp structure and the structure or function of first clamp structure are same or similar, The installation position for differing only in the third clamp structure differs, the clamping of third clamp structure be lower baffle plate 802 before Edge, third clamp structure are used to clamp the position for needing to weld the 4th stud 814 on the lower baffle plate 802, compared to the first folder Structure is held, the third clamp structure also needs to clamp the position for needing to weld the 5th stud 815 on lower baffle plate 802, therefore, the Three clamp structures increase holds up part 68 for clamping the 5th compressing member 67 and the 4th of the 5th stud 815.
Specifically, the third clamp structure is set on the second second abdomen frame 22 risen from left to right, is specifically set At the front position of second second abdomen frame 22.Second clamp structure includes being set on second second abdomen frame Third mounting blocks 61 on 22, the third gripper cylinder 62 on the third mounting blocks 61 clamp gas set on the third 6th compressing member 63 of the leading edge that can compress the lower baffle plate 802 on the output shaft of cylinder 62 is compressed set on the described 6th The position for welding the 4th stud 814 is needed (to claim for compressing the medial surface (i.e. upper surface) of the lower baffle plate 802 on part 63 Part V) the 7th compressing member 64, on the third mounting blocks 61 with the 6th compressing member 63 coordinate with clamp 4th cushion block (not shown) of the leading edge of the lower baffle plate 802 is used to hold in the palm on second second abdomen frame 22 It rises and holds up part 66, the 5th support corresponding to the 5th of the Part V on the lateral surface (lower surface) of the lower baffle plate 802 Playing part 66 and cooperating with the 7th compressing member 64 is needed on the lower baffle plate 802 described in welding with being clamped from opposite direction The position of 4th stud 814.Second clamp structure further includes described for compressing on the 6th compressing member 63 It needs to weld the 5th compressing member 67 at the position (claiming Part VI) of the 5th stud 815 on the medial surface of lower baffle plate 802 and set In on second second abdomen frame 22 for holding up on the downside of the lower baffle plate 802 corresponding to the Part VI The 4th of position holds up part 68.Second clamp structure further includes the third limiting set on the upper end of the third mounting blocks 61 Block 69, the third limited block 69 are set on the third mounting blocks 61 the 6th compressing member 63 for being located at the third clamp structure Third supporting point part inside, for limiting the lower pan position of the compression bar of the 6th compressing member 63, described can be prevented The compression bar of six compressing members 63 excessively pushes and damages the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800.
61 structure or function of third mounting blocks and the structure or function of first mounting blocks 40 are same or similar, institute Structure or function and the structure or function of first gripper cylinder 41 for stating the second gripper cylinder 52 are same or similar, and described The structure or function of six compressing members 63 and the structure or function of first compressing member 42 are same or similar, the 4th cushion block Structure or function and the structure or function of first cushion block 44 are same or similar, the structure or function of the 7th compressing member 64 It is same or similar with the structure or function of the compressing member, therefore, just no longer repeat one by one herein.It is described in detail below with The different part of first clamp structure:
7th compressing member 64 include set on the 6th compressing member 63 compression bar rear end the second L-shaped block 641 with And the third briquetting 642 set on the front end of the second L-shaped block 641 and the third guide block on the third briquetting 642 643, the shape of the third guide block 643 and the shape of first guide block 433 are same or similar.The 5th picking-up part 66 wraps Include be erected on second second web member corresponding to the Z-shape third tray at 643 position of third guide block and The 5th cushion block set on the third tray top, the 5th cushion block are used to pave the lateral surface of the lower baffle plate 802, are located at The underface of the third guide block 643.
5th compressing member 67 is set on the 6th compressing member 63 position in the front for being located at the 7th compressing member 64 Place is put, the 5th compressing member 67 includes connect by one the 5th link block 671 with the side of the 6th compressing member 63 one Pressing member, the 4th briquetting 674 on the pressing member and on the 4th briquetting 674 correspond to the lower baffle plate Need to weld the 4th guide block 675 at the position at the position of the 5th bolt on 802.The pressing member includes a third L-shaped 672 and 1 the 4th L-shaped block 673 of block, the third L-shaped block 672 have be fixed on 671 upper surface of the 5th link block the One horizontal block and the first vertical block being downwardly extending by the rear end of first horizontal block.The 4th L-shaped block 673 has and institute It states the second vertical block of the one side connection of the first vertical block and is needed on the lower baffle plate 802 from the lower end of second vertical block Weld the second horizontal block that the direction at the position of the 5th stud 815 extends to form.4th briquetting 674 is fixed on described In five horizontal blocks, the 4th guide block 675 is set on the 4th briquetting 674, and shape is identical with above-mentioned first guide block, 433 shape, Details are not described herein again.
About the 4th clamp structure:
The structure or function and the structure or function of first clamp structure of 4th clamp structure are same or similar, 4th clamp structure is set on the right lateral side of the mounting bracket 2, specifically set on the right side of the second cross bar 202 of the mounting bracket 2 End, which corresponds to, to be needed on the right-hand apron 804 at the position at the position for welding the 6th stud 816.The 4th clamp structure packet Include the 4th mounting blocks 71 on second cross bar 202, the 4th gripper cylinder 72 on the 4th mounting blocks 71, Can compress on the third edge 805 close to needing to weld described the on the output shaft of the 4th gripper cylinder 72 8th compressing member 73 of the part (claiming Part VII) at the position of six studs 816 is lacked set on the second of the 4th mounting blocks 71 (match on the bottom surface of mouth corresponding to the 6th cushion block 74 at the position of the 8th compressing member 73 with the 8th compressing member 73 compression Close to clamp the Part VII), set on the inside of the 4th mounting blocks 71 corresponding to needing to weld on the right-hand apron 804 It connects the at the position at the position of the 6th stud 816 the 7th and holds up part 75.Likewise, the 4th clamp structure is further included and is set The 4th limited block 76 in the upper end of the 4th mounting blocks 71, the 4th limited block 76 are set on the 4th mounting blocks 71 Positioned at the inside of the third fulcrum portion of the 8th compressing member 73, for limiting moving down for the compression bar of the 8th compressing member 73 Position can prevent the 8th compressing member 73 from excessively pushing and damaging the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800.
Above-mentioned 4th mounting blocks, 71 structure or function and the structure or function of first mounting blocks 40 are same or similar, institute Structure or function and the structure or function of first gripper cylinder 41 for stating the 4th gripper cylinder 72 are same or similar, and described The structure or function of eight compressing members 73 and the structure or function of first compressing member 42 are same or similar, the 6th cushion block 74 Structure or function and the structure or function of first cushion block 44 it is same or similar, just no longer repeat one by one herein.
4th clamp structure of the present embodiment is differed with first clamp structure or dissimilar part is:
4th compression bar of the 8th compressing member 73 is T-shaped, and the 4th compression bar of T shapes has third cross bar 731 and is set on The third cross bar 731 is close to the third vertical pole 732 of one end of the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800.The third cross bar 731 is pivotally connected In on the output shaft of the 4th gripper cylinder 72, the length direction of the third vertical pole 732 on the third edge 805 Part VII direction matches, positioned at the surface of the Part VII.There are two for 8th compressing member 73 tool of the present embodiment Five briquettings 733, described two 5th briquettings 733 are respectively arranged on the both ends of the third vertical pole 732.In the present embodiment, described Six cushion blocks 74 are two, and described two 6th cushion blocks 74 are located at the underface of two the 5th briquettings 733 respectively, for described in cushion block The lower surface of the Part VII at third edge 805.Further, the bottom surface of the 4th mounting blocks 71 is provided with a T-shaped block, The T-shaped block has the 4th cross bar 771 being set on the bottom surface and is vertical on the 4th cross bar 771 close to institute State the 4th vertical pole 772 of one end of trailing wheel bulge, the 4th vertical pole 772 is located at the underface of the third vertical pole 732, and the 4th The length of vertical pole 772 and the length of the third vertical pole 732 match.Described two 6th cushion blocks 74 are respectively arranged on the described 4th The both ends of vertical pole 772, with two 733 mutual snap fits of the 5th briquetting, so as to clamp the 7th of the third edge 805 the Point.
The 7th picking-up part 75, which includes being set on corresponding on the right-hand apron 804 on the 4th mounting blocks 71, to be needed Weld the 5th L-shaped block 751 at the position at the position of the 6th stud 816, the on the 5th L-shaped block 751 the 4th Tray 752 and the 5th guide block 753 on the 4th tray 752.One end of the 5th L-shaped block 751 and described the Four mounting blocks 71 connect, and the one side close to the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 installs the 4th tray 752.5th guide block 753 are fixed on the 4th tray 752 that guiding role can be played when welding six stud 816.Described 5th 753 shape of guide block and 433 shape of the first guide block are same or similar, just no longer repeat one by one herein.
About the 5th clamp structure:
5th clamp structure includes that structure or function is identical with the structure or function of first clamp structure or phase Seemingly, the 5th clamp structure is set on the forward right side of the mounting bracket 2, specifically set on the first cross bar 201 of the mounting bracket Right end, which corresponds to, to be needed on the lateral surface of the right-hand apron 804 at the position for the part for welding the 7th stud.5th folder It holds structure and includes the 5th mounting blocks 91 being set on second cross bar 202, the 5th folder on the 5th mounting blocks 91 Hold cylinder 92, can compress on the third edge 805 close to needs on the output shaft of the 5th gripper cylinder 92 Weld the 9th compressing member 93 of the part (claiming Part VIII) at the position of the 7th stud 817, set on the 5th mounting blocks Corresponding to the 7th cushion block 94 at the position at the position of the 9th compressing member 93 (with described the on the bottom surface of 91 third notch Nine compressing members, 93 compression fit is to clamp the Part VIII), set on the inside of the 5th mounting blocks 91 correspond to the right side It needs to weld the at the position at the position of the 7th stud 817 the 8th on side shield 804 and holds up part 95.Likewise, described Five clamp structures further include the 5th limited block 96 (not shown) set on the upper end of the 5th mounting blocks 91, the 5th limit Position block 96 is set on the 5th mounting blocks 91 inside for the 4th supporting point part for being located at the 9th compressing member 93, for limiting The lower pan position of the compression bar of 9th compressing member 93, can prevent the 9th compressing member 93 excessively push and damage it is described after Take turns bulge inner panel 800.
Above-mentioned 5th mounting blocks, 91 structure or function and the structure or function of first mounting blocks 40 are same or similar, institute Structure or function and the structure or function of first gripper cylinder 41 for stating the 5th gripper cylinder 92 are same or similar, and described The structure or function of nine compressing members 93 and the structure or function of a compressing member are same or similar, the knot of the 7th cushion block 94 Structure or function and the structure or function of first cushion block 44 are same or similar, just no longer repeat one by one herein.
5th clamp structure of the present embodiment is differed with first clamp structure or dissimilar part is:
The 8th picking-up part 95, which includes being set on corresponding on the right-hand apron 804 on the 5th mounting blocks 91, to be needed The 7th L for weld the 6th L-shaped block 951 at the position at the position of the 7th stud 817, connecting with the 6th L-shaped block 951 Shape block 952, the 8th L-shaped block 953 being connect with the 7th L-shaped block 952, the 5th tray being connect with the 8th L-shaped block 953 954 and the 6th guide block 955 set on the upper end of the 5th tray 954.The 6th L-shaped block 951 and the 7th L-shaped block 952 It is in " people " shape after connection.The lateral part of the 6th L-shaped block 951 is set on the one side of the 5th mounting blocks 91, and described the The vertical section of six L-shaped blocks 951 and the lateral part bending of the 6th L-shaped block 951 connect, and the 7th L-shaped block 952 erects It is connect to part with the vertical section of the 6th L-shaped block 951, the lateral part of the 7th L-shaped block 952 is to far from described the The direction of six L-shaped blocks 951 extends to form, the lateral part of the 8th L-shaped block 953 and the transverse part of the 7th L-shaped block 952 The lower surface connection divided, the vertical section of the 8th L-shaped block 953 upwardly extend.5th tray 954 is connected to described The medial surface of the vertical section of eight L-shaped blocks 953, the 6th guide block 955 is connect with the upper end of the 5th tray 954, described 6th guide block 955 is located at the position at the position for needing to weld the 7th stud 817,955 shape of the 6th guide block and institute It is same or similar to state 433 shape of the first guide block, just no longer repeats one by one herein.
In the present embodiment, it is additionally provided with to prevent the trailing wheel bulge rotational displacement on the 5th mounting blocks 91 Second locating part 97, second locating part 97 are included vertically set on the inside of the 5th mounting blocks 91 and positioned at the third Second column 971 of the underface of edge corresponding position, the second spacer pin 972 being erected on second column 971 and It is opened in the second limit hole with second spacer pin 972 limiting cooperation of the corresponding position at the third edge.
The trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture of the present invention, when welding the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800, needs to make folder Hold all gripper cylinders of mechanism in opened condition, though the equal downward actuation of output shaft of the first to the 5th gripper cylinder 92 so that Corresponding compression bar is lifted up close to one end of trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800, is then positioned over the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800 On the cushion block of each clamp structure so that the third edge 805 of the trailing wheel bulge inner panel is placed on the corresponding cushion block, Then it moves up the output shaft of the first to the 5th gripper cylinder 92, passes through the supporting point part compression bar of each clamp structure Lower pressure side be pressed downward tightly, making the briquetting of pressure side under compression bar to match to clamp third edge 805 with corresponding cushion block.Due to every Another pressing member on one clamp structure is provided on compression bar, therefore, when the compression bar of clamp structure pushes, another pressing member Also it pushes therewith, so as to coordinate to hold up the position for needing welding screw, fix and clamping action with corresponding tray, In this way in welding screw, the position of welding screw is needed not move easily on the trailing wheel bulge inner panel 800, prevent from welding The problems such as stud shifts.The installed part of the present embodiment is limited by being arranged on the overturning of 12 both sides of left frame 10 and left side frame Structure makes the first cylinder 316 pass through the cooperation of ratch 317 and gear 319, you can make the peace being attached thereto in state obliquely Shelving 2 can overturn or turn over forward, after overturning is to predetermined angular, set on the left side of mounting bracket 2 main position limiting structure and Structure and first is limited set on the first of 2 left end of mounting bracket and is limited structure, enables to mounting bracket 2 in two inclinations State, convenient for carrying out stud welding to the medial surface and lateral surface that are installed on the trailing wheel bulge inner panel on the mounting bracket 2.After this The structure for taking turns bulge inner panel stud welding fixture is simple, and each group of clamp structure only needs a cylinder, you can clamps trailing wheel Bulge inner panel 800 can consolidate the position for needing to weld again, structure complexity be greatly reduced, by overturning position limiting structure Very easily the stud of inner surface sides and lateral surface is welded staff.
It these are only embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the scope of the invention, it is every to utilize the present invention The equivalent structure or equivalent flow shift that specification and accompanying drawing content are made directly or indirectly is used in other relevant technologies Field is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of clamping device of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture, set on the mounting bracket of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture On, it is characterised in that:The lower block that the trailing wheel bulge inner panel has rear baffle, extended to form forward by the lower end of the rear baffle Plate, the left side baffle being connect with the left side edge of rear baffle and lower baffle plate and the right side edge with the rear baffle and lower baffle plate The right-hand apron of connection, the rear baffle, lower baffle plate, left side baffle and right-hand apron are integrally formed, the rear baffle, left side The equal outward bending of the top edge of baffle and right-hand apron is to form a third edge;The left side gear of wheel bulge inner panel in the rear By needing to weld the first stud at the position of front end on the medial surface of plate, the left side baffle of wheel bulge inner panel is interior in the rear The second stud of welding is needed on side at the position of rear end, is located on the lateral surface of the left side baffle of trailing wheel bulge inner panel It needs to weld third stud at the back lower place position of second stud to be welded, in the front left side of the lower baffle plate of trailing wheel bulge inner panel It needs to weld the 4th stud and the 5th stud at position, the 4th stud and the 5th stud are adjacent, in trailing wheel bulge inner panel The 6th stud of welding is needed on the lateral surface of right-hand apron at the position of rear end, takes turns the right side gear of bulge inner panel in the rear Lateral surface on be located at the 6th stud in front of position need weld the 7th stud;
The clamping device includes being set at the position for corresponding on the mounting bracket and needing the position for welding first stud The first clamp structure, on the mounting bracket corresponding to the position for needing the position for welding the second stud and third stud at The second clamp structure, on the mounting bracket corresponding to the position for needing the position for welding the 4th stud and the 5th stud at Third clamp structure, on the mounting bracket corresponding to need weld the 6th stud position position at the 4th clamping Structure and on the mounting bracket corresponding to need weld the 7th stud position position at the 5th clamp structure;
First clamp structure includes the first mounting blocks being set on second second abdomen frame of mounting bracket, set on described first The first gripper cylinder on mounting blocks can compress the third edge on the output shaft of first gripper cylinder First compressing member needs to weld the first stud on the medial surface of left side baffle on first compressing member for compressing Second compressing member at position, coordinating with first compressing member to clamp the third edge on first mounting blocks The first cushion block, on first mounting blocks for holding up on the lateral surface of the left side baffle corresponding to left side baffle Medial surface on need weld the first stud position first hold up part;The upper end of first mounting blocks is close to the trailing wheel The side of the left side baffle of bulge inner panel has one first notch, and first cushion block is set on the bottom surface of first notch.
2. the clamping device of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:First folder Hold the outside that cylinder is set on first mounting blocks, straight up, and end face is high thereon for the output shaft of first gripper cylinder In the upper surface of first mounting blocks;Two first installation journal stirrups are provided on first gripper cylinder, described two first Two first pivot hole are symmetrically arranged on installation journal stirrup, two first pivot is corresponded in the lower end in the outside of first mounting blocks The second pivot hole is provided at the position in hole, one first pivot is arranged in two first pivot hole and the second pivot hole to press from both sides described first Cylinder is held to be installed on first mounting blocks.
3. the clamping device of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:First pressure Tight part is articulated in the first compression bar on the output shaft of first gripper cylinder including first end, on first compression bar and Be articulated in the upper end of first mounting blocks the first supporting point part, set on first compression bar second end corresponding to described the The first briquetting at the position of one cushion block, first briquetting have positioned at first cushion block first pave part just on Side is located at described first and paves the first pressing section right over part for compressing on third edge.
4. the clamping device of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described first The upper end of the output shaft of gripper cylinder is arranged with the first sleeve, and two second installation branch are provided at the top of first sleeve Ear symmetrically offers the third pivot hole passed through for one second pivot, in first compression bar on described two second installation journal stirrups First end corresponding to the third pivot hole position at offer the 4th pivot hole being arranged on second pivot, so So that first compression bar is articulated in the upper end of the output shaft of first gripper cylinder so that the second end of first compression bar It can downwards be pressed on the third edge or be lifted up around the output shaft of first gripper cylinder.
5. the clamping device of the trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described First supporting point part includes the first bearing piece set on at least side of first compression bar, and the lower end of first bearing piece is articulated in The respective side of first mounting blocks.
6. the clamping device of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Second pressure Tight part is used to that the position for welding the first stud will to be needed to press outward to hold up with described first on the medial surface of the left side baffle Part coordinates, and so as to clamp the position for needing to weld the first stud on the medial surface, second compressing member leads to including first end Cross the second compression bar that one the 4th link block connect with first compression bar, set on second compression bar second end and positioned at described Second briquetting of the medial surface of left side baffle, on second briquetting corresponding to the second part position at first Guide block;Second compression bar is T-bar or L-shaped bar, has a lateral part and a vertical section, the lateral part First end is connect by the 4th link block with the one side of first compression bar, and it is horizontal that the vertical section is set on described first The second end of bar, the oblique montant that the vertical section matches for the gradient of gradient and the left side baffle.
7. the clamping device of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:First support It plays part and is set on first mounting blocks and be located at the position below second compression bar, described first, which holds up part, includes one first Tray, in folding shape block, the first end of first tray connect first tray with first mounting blocks, and second end is to institute It bends to form a bending part after stating the lateral surface direction extension of trailing wheel bulge, the second cushion block is provided on the bending part, The position of second cushion block is corresponding to first guide block.
8. the clamping device of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second folder Structure is held on rise from left to right second second abdomen frame of mounting bracket, second clamp structure includes being set on described the Second mounting blocks, the second gripper cylinder on the outside of second mounting blocks on two second abdomen framves, set on described The third compressing member that can compress the third edge on the output shaft of two gripper cylinders, on the third compressing member The 4th compressing member for welding the position of the second stud is needed on the medial surface of left side baffle, set on the described second installation for compressing Coordinate the third cushion block to clamp the third edge, the use on second mounting blocks with the third compressing member on block Part is held up in second that Part IV is corresponded on the lateral surface for holding up the left side baffle and set on second mounting blocks It is upper to hold up part, institute corresponding to the third for needing to weld on the left side baffle lateral surface at the position at the position of the third stud Stating the second picking-up part and cooperating with the 4th compressing member needs to weld to clamp from opposite direction on the left side baffle The position of second stud;The third holds up part and includes the first L-shaped block, and a longitudinal block of the first L-shaped block is fixed on described On second mounting blocks, the lateral blocks of the first L-shaped block are located at the lateral surface of the left side baffle, and the third holds up part and also wraps Include in the lateral blocks set on the first L-shaped block for the second tray for holding up the lateral surface of the left side baffle and with institute State the second guide block of the first tray connection, second guide block also in semi-annular shape, the second guide block of the semi-annular shape it is interior Semicircle size matches with the outer diameter of third stud for needing to weld, and guiding role is played in third stud welding.
9. the clamping device of trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The third folder Structure is held on rise from left to right second second abdomen frame of mounting bracket, second clamp structure includes being set on described the Third mounting blocks on two second abdomen framves, the third gripper cylinder on the third mounting blocks are pressed from both sides set on the third Hold the 6th compressing member of the leading edge that can compress the lower baffle plate on the output shaft of cylinder, on the 6th compressing member Need to weld the 7th compressing member at the position of the 4th stud on the medial surface of the lower baffle plate, set on the third for compressing On mounting blocks with the 6th compressing member coordinate with clamp the lower baffle plate leading edge the 4th cushion block, set on described second Part is held up corresponding to the 5th of the Part V on the lateral surface of the lower baffle plate for holding up on root the second abdomen frame, it is described 5th picking-up part cooperates with the 7th compressing member to be needed on the lower baffle plate described in welding with being clamped from opposite direction The position of 4th stud;Second clamp structure further include on the 6th compressing member for compressing the lower baffle plate Medial surface on need weld the 5th stud position the 5th compressing member and the use on second second abdomen frame In the 4th picking-up part corresponding to the position of the Part VI on the downside for holding up the lower baffle plate;The second clamping knot Structure further includes the third limited block set on the upper end of the third mounting blocks, and the third limited block is set on the third mounting blocks The inside of the third supporting point part of upper the 6th compressing member positioned at the third clamp structure, for limiting the 6th compressing member Compression bar lower pan position, can prevent the 6th compressing member compression bar excessively push and damage the trailing wheel bulge inner panel.
10. trailing wheel bulge inner panel stud welding fixture as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Including such as claim 1 to 9 Any one of described in clamping device.
CN201810233038.1A 2018-03-21 2018-03-21 Rear wheel bulge inner plate stud welding fixture and clamping mechanism thereof Active CN108188554B (en)

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CN201810233038.1A CN108188554B (en) 2018-03-21 2018-03-21 Rear wheel bulge inner plate stud welding fixture and clamping mechanism thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810233038.1A CN108188554B (en) 2018-03-21 2018-03-21 Rear wheel bulge inner plate stud welding fixture and clamping mechanism thereof

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CN108188554B CN108188554B (en) 2020-06-19

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01299774A (en) * 1988-05-24 1989-12-04 Japan Drive-It Co Ltd Stud welding equipment
CN2759679Y (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-02-22 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Stud welding tool setting fixture
US20120152924A1 (en) * 2010-12-16 2012-06-21 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Welding wire feeder with tongue and groove feature
CN203018974U (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-06-26 上海奥林汽车配件有限公司 Positioning clamp for welding automobile fixed bracket by using stud welding
CN203791883U (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-08-27 东风汽车公司 Bulletproof load-bearing type vehicle body floor welding fixture
CN204353681U (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-05-27 重庆山朕科技发展有限公司 Auto panel fixture
CN205218398U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-11 温岭市新动力机械有限公司 Impeller jig for welding
CN206550525U (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-10-13 广州敏惠汽车零部件有限公司 A kind of automatic stud spot welding device of automobile luggage racks

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01299774A (en) * 1988-05-24 1989-12-04 Japan Drive-It Co Ltd Stud welding equipment
CN2759679Y (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-02-22 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Stud welding tool setting fixture
US20120152924A1 (en) * 2010-12-16 2012-06-21 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Welding wire feeder with tongue and groove feature
CN203018974U (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-06-26 上海奥林汽车配件有限公司 Positioning clamp for welding automobile fixed bracket by using stud welding
CN203791883U (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-08-27 东风汽车公司 Bulletproof load-bearing type vehicle body floor welding fixture
CN204353681U (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-05-27 重庆山朕科技发展有限公司 Auto panel fixture
CN205218398U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-11 温岭市新动力机械有限公司 Impeller jig for welding
CN206550525U (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-10-13 广州敏惠汽车零部件有限公司 A kind of automatic stud spot welding device of automobile luggage racks

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Denomination of invention: Stud welding fixture and its clamping mechanism for inner plate of rear wheel bulge

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