Daily necessities processing unit (plant)
The invention belongs to daily necessity manufacture fields, and in particular to daily necessities processing unit (plant).
Daily necessities, also known as daily necessity, refer to the article of ordinary people's daily use, i.e., household supplies, household it is in kind,
Household implements and household appliances etc..People are commonly exactly soap in daily necessities, and soap is the general name of fatty acid metal salts, are
One kind is received with other surfaces activating agent using fatty acid as primary raw material, and quality improver and appearance modifying agents are added, by processing
Manufactured product after molding.Since it can be dissolved in water, have the function of washing decontamination, therefore the widespread love by people.
The processing of soap mainly includes raw material crushing, mixing, thawing, framing of soap, stamp, packaging step, wherein raw material
Crushing is a vital ring in soap processing.The degree that raw material crushes can determine the uniformity of raw material mixing, therefore can determine
The quality of fixed molding soap.
It is at present now the crushing for realizing soap, patent publication No. is the Chinese patent of CN107225028A, is provided
A kind of fertilizer processing raw mill plant, includes mainly cabinet, motor, portable pillar, smashes blade, web plate and cylinder, motor
It is arranged at the top of the box body, and motor driven portable pillar rotates, the lower end of portable pillar is located in the box body, smashes blade and be evenly arranged on work
On the outer wall of dynamic column lower end；Web plate is arranged in cabinet, and is located at the lower section of portable pillar, and cylinder drive case is mobile, cabinet
Bottom is connected with discharge nozzle.
In use, putting the raw materials into cabinet, motor drives portable pillar rotation, smashes blade in portable pillar to drive
Rotation so that smashing blade and raw material generation relative friction, and shears soap by smashing blade, realizes the powder of raw material
It is broken, form feed particles.After the completion of crushing, feed particles are dropped down on web plate, drive cabinet mobile by cylinder, so that web plate pair
Smashed feed particles are sieved, and the lesser feed particles of partial size drop down onto the bottom of box, then are taken out by discharge nozzle.This skill
Art scenario-frame is simple, and by smashing contact of the blade with raw material, can quickly crush to raw material.
But there is also following technical problems for above-mentioned technical proposal: 1, above-mentioned technical proposal during crushing raw material,
The biggish feed particles of partial size cannot be taken out in time, cause web plate to block, smashed feed particles are deposited on web plate, shadow
Ring the crushing of subsequent raw material；2, the usual water content of raw material of soap processing is higher, therefore will lead to raw material during crushing
It attaches on smashing blade, causes subsequent raw material crushing effect bad.
Summary of the invention
It, cannot be in time by the biggish original of partial size to solve the prior art the invention is intended to provide a kind of daily necessities processing unit (plant)
Expect that particle takes out, causes web plate to block, smashed feed particles are deposited on web plate, influence asking for the crushing of subsequent raw material
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions, daily necessities processing unit (plant), including grinding barrel, crushes
Bucket is equipped with rotation axis and drives the motor of rotation axis rotation, and grinding barrel, and the lower end position of rotation axis are run through in the lower end of rotation axis
In in grinding barrel, rotation axis lower end is evenly equipped with several Disintegrating knifes；The top of grinding barrel is equipped with feed inlet, the bottom of grinding barrel side wall
Portion is equipped with discharge port；Material storing box is connected at the top of grinding barrel, material storing box is equipped with feed opening, connects between feed opening and feed inlet
It is connected to feed pipe；Tapered sieve is slidably connected in grinding barrel, the low side of sieve is evenly arranged with two pieces of installation sheets, crushes
It is set on the side wall of bucket there are two screen holes, supporting block is slidably connected in screen holes, between supporting block and the bottom of screen holes
Equipped with elastic component, two pieces of installation sheets are separately fixed in two supporting blocks；Current-limiting mechanism and use are additionally provided on the side wall of grinding barrel
In dry feedstock Blast mechanism, current-limiting mechanism includes support rod, in the strut being laterally arranged and in vertically arranged striker plate, branch
Strut is fixed on the outer wall of grinding barrel, and one end of strut is fixedly connected in supporting block, and the bottom end of the other end and striker plate is fixed
It connects, is hinged on support rod in the middle part of strut；The bottom of material storing box is run through in the upper end of striker plate, and sliding with the bottom of material storing box
Dynamic connection；The upper end of striker plate is equipped with and the matched through-hole of feed opening.
The technical effect of this programme technical characteristic:
Grinding barrel is used for when crushing raw material, is limited to raw material, wastage of material caused by avoiding raw material from splashing.Motor
Rotation axis rotation is driven, rotation axis drives Disintegrating knife rotation, and with raw material relative friction occurs for Disintegrating knife rotation, and is formed and cut
Shear force realizes the crushing to raw material.Feed inlet is used for the charging of raw material, and discharge port is used for the discharging of smashed original particle.
Material storing box is for storing raw material, and feed opening is for realizing raw material discharging, and feed pipe is for introducing a material into grinding barrel
It is interior.Sieve is for sieving smashed feed particles, since sieve is tapered, the biggish feed particles meeting of partial size
It is slided along sieve, is able to achieve the discharging of the biggish feed particles of partial size；Screen holes can be by the biggish original of the partial size filtered out
Expect particle export.
Supporting block is used to support sieve, and elastic component is used to provide support force for supporting block so that the upper surface of supporting block and
The top of screen holes offsets.When the biggish feed particles of the partial size that partial size is screened out on sieve are more, throat-fed at this time
Excessively, Disintegrating knife cannot completely crush raw material, need to limit the quantity to the raw material for entering grinding barrel at this time.
When sieve moves down, supporting block is driven to move down, supporting block, which moves down, drives one end of strut to move down, due to the middle part of strut
Hingedly on the support columns, form lever, therefore the other end of strut moves up, drive striker plate to move up, the through-hole on striker plate with
Feed opening is staggered, so that reducing by the raw material that feed opening flows out, realizes the current limliting to raw material.Blast mechanism is used for powder
Gas is blown into broken bucket, gas blows the biggish feed particles of partial size on sieve upwards, so that the biggish feed particles of partial size
It is contacted again with Disintegrating knife, realization carries out separating twice to it；Gas, which is blown, simultaneously is sprinkling upon on Disintegrating knife, can be to crushing knife
The raw material of on piece adherency is dried, so that raw material and Disintegrating knife are detached from, avoids the crushing for influencing subsequent raw material.
The technical principle of this programme is:
Motor drives rotation axis rotation, and rotation axis drives Disintegrating knife rotation, and Disintegrating knife crushes raw material.It crushes
Raw material afterwards can be sieved by sieve, and the lesser feed particles of partial size drop down onto grinding barrel bottom, be exported from discharge port, grain
The biggish feed particles of diameter are sieved and are exported by sieve.When the raw material entered in grinding barrel is excessive, the crushing of Disintegrating knife
Effect is deteriorated, and causes the biggish feed particles of the partial size on sieve excessive, drives mounting blocks to move down under the effect of gravity, and according to
Lever principle, so that striker plate moves up, the through-hole on striker plate is staggered with feed opening, realizes the limit to the raw material for entering grinding barrel
Stream.In crushing process, gas is blown into grinding barrel by Blast mechanism, the biggish feed particles quilt of partial size on sieve can be made
Separating twice, while the raw material on Disintegrating knife can be dried, realize the disengaging of raw material.
What this programme can generate has the technical effect that
1, the technical program is by setting taper for sieve, and cooperates the screen holes of grinding barrel side wall, can make by
The biggish feed particles of the partial size filtered out, are slided, and skidded off by screen holes, then be collected along sieve, are avoided that sieve
Net is blocked, so that the screening effect of sieve is good；
2, the technical program in screen holes by being arranged supporting block and elastic component, and cooperates strut and striker plate, can
The amount for entering the raw material of grinding barrel is adjusted, so that the better effect crushed, avoids the occurrence of the biggish raw material of a large amount of partial size
Particle, the amount that reduction needs to carry out separating twice feed particles improve the efficiency of crushing so as to shorten the time of crushing；
3, by setting Blast mechanism, it is blown into gas into grinding barrel, can make the biggish raw material of partial size on sieve
Grain is blown upwards, so that the biggish feed particles of partial size carry out separating twice, improves the effect of crushing；
4, Disintegrating knife and raw material can be dried simultaneously, so that the raw material being adhered on Disintegrating knife falls off, from
And improve the effect that Disintegrating knife crushes raw material；
5, sieve is arranged tapered, after feed particles being dropped down on sieve, is slided along sieve, raw material can be made
Movement routine of the particle on sieve is longer, can adequately carry out screening feed particles；Cooperate Blast mechanism again simultaneously, can make
It obtains the most biggish feed particles of partial size to be blown upwards, carries out separating twice, it is larger to reduce the partial size flowed out from sieve
Feed particles amount, shorten the time of crushing.
It is the preferred embodiment based on above scheme below:
Preferred embodiment one: being based on base case, and the Blast mechanism includes expansion box, piston plate and sequentially hinged pushes away
Bar, connecting rod and rotating bar；Expansion box is fixed on the bottom surface of grinding barrel, and piston plate is slidably connected in expansion box, push rod not with
The hinged one end of connecting rod is fixedly connected on piston plate；The rotation axis runs through the bottom of grinding barrel, and the middle part of rotation axis turns
Dynamic to be connected with axle sleeve, sieve is arranged on axle sleeve；One end hinged with connecting rod is not fixed in rotation axis bottom end rotating bar
Portion；It is set on one end in expansion box far from push rod there are two air inlet, is connected with tracheae on air inlet, tracheae is far from air inlet
The side wall of grinding barrel is run through in one end, and the one end of tracheae far from air inlet is towards upwards.
Working principle and beneficial effect:
Push rod, piston plate, connecting rod and rotating bar are formed using rotating bar as crank, connecting rod is connecting rod, push rod and piston
Plate is the slider-crank mechanism of sliding block.Rotation axis runs through grinding barrel bottom, and rotating bar is fixed on the middle part of rotation axis, rotation axis
Rotation drives rotating bar to move in a circle, to realize that piston plate reciprocatingly moves along expansion box.
Expansion box, piston plate and push rod form piston structure, when piston plate is to close to the movement of air inlet direction, by expansion box
Interior gas is released from air inlet, imports in grinding barrel again so that gas enters tracheae, it is biggish to blow partial size on sieve upwards
Feed particles, while Disintegrating knife is dried；And the feed particles being blocked on the mesh of sieve can also be blown out,
Realize the cleaning to sieve.When piston plate reverse movement, negative pressure is carried out by tracheae, the gas in grinding barrel is sucked into gas storage
It is intracavitary to be saved, while giving the lesser raw material of partial size on sieve downward power so that the lesser raw material of partial size quickly into
Enter the bottom of grinding barrel, realizes screening.
Preferred embodiment two: being based on preferred embodiment one, and the tracheae is equipped with gauze far from one end of air inlet.The mesh of gauze
It is smaller, it can make gas smoothly from intratracheal into or out, while it is intratracheal to be avoided that feed particles enter.
Preferred embodiment three: it is based on preferred embodiment two, the lower section of supporting block is equipped with rewinding case on the grinding barrel.Rewinding case energy
To what is skidded off from sieve, the biggish feed particles of partial size are collected, convenient for crushing again.
Preferred embodiment four: being based on preferred embodiment three, and the bottom angled of the material storing box is arranged, and close to one end of feed opening
For low side.Facilitate the discharging of raw material.
Preferred embodiment five: being based on preferred embodiment four, and the side wall in the grinding barrel is equipped with the feed tube in back taper.Energy
Smashed feed particles are oriented to, so that feed particles drop down onto the top of sieve, is slided further along sieve, increases raw material
Movement routine of the particle on sieve, so that feed particles screening is more thorough.
Preferred embodiment six: being based on preferred embodiment five, and the rotation axis is located at one end under sieve equipped with stirring blade.Turn
Moving axis rotation drives stirring blade rotation, and smashed raw material can be uniformly mixed by stirring blade.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of daily necessities processing unit (plant) of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the structural scheme of mechanism of Blast mechanism in Fig. 1.
Below by the further details of explanation of specific embodiment:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes: grinding barrel 1, feed inlet 11, discharge port 12, screen holes 13, feed tube
14, sieve 2, installation sheet 21, supporting block 3, rotation axis 4, crushing vane 41, stirring blade 42, material storing box 5, feed opening 51, current limliting
Mechanism 6, striker plate 62, through-hole 63, Blast mechanism 7, expansion box 71, air inlet 711, piston plate 72, push rod 73, connects strut 61
Extension bar 74, rotating bar 75, rewinding case 8.
Embodiment is substantially as shown in Fig. 1:
Daily necessities processing unit (plant), including rack, rack are equipped with grinding barrel 1 and material storing box 5, and the both ends of grinding barrel 1 are sealed
It closes, the top of grinding barrel 1 is equipped with feed inlet 11, and the bottom of 1 right side wall of grinding barrel is equipped with discharge port 12.Incline the bottom of material storing box 5
Tiltedly setting, and the left end of 5 bottom of material storing box is higher than right end；The bottom of 5 right side wall of material storing box be equipped with feed opening 51, feed opening 51 with
Feed pipe is equipped between feed inlet 11.The top of grinding barrel 1 is equipped with motor, is connected with rotation axis 4 on the output shaft of motor；It crushes
The top and bottom of bucket 1 are equipped with mounting hole, and the lower end of rotation axis 4 passes through two mounting holes and is located at outside grinding barrel 1, mounting hole
Inner wall is equipped with the sealing ring cooperated with rotation axis 4.
The top that rotation axis 4 is located at one end in grinding barrel 1 is equipped with six pieces of Disintegrating knifes, and Disintegrating knife is set as three
Row, Disintegrating knife are evenly distributed in rotation axis 4.The lower part that rotation axis 4 is located at one end in grinding barrel 1 is equipped with three pieces of stirrings
Blade 42, stirring blade 42 are obliquely installed, and one end that stirring blade 42 is connect with rotation axis 4 is higher than the other end, stirring blade
42 are uniformly fixed in rotation axis 4.Rotation axis 4, which is located in the middle part of one end in grinding barrel 1, is rotatably connected to axle sleeve.
The outer wall of axle sleeve is equipped with tapered sieve 2, is equipped with installation sheet 21 in the arranged on left and right sides of 2 bottom of sieve.Powder
The left and right side walls of broken bucket 1 are equipped with screen holes 13, and supporting block 3, the bottom of supporting block 3 and sieve are slidably connected in screen holes 13
It selects and is equipped with elastic component between the bottom in hole 13, elastic component is any one in compressed spring, reset spring or rubber ring, the application
Use reset spring.Installation sheet 21 is fixed on the upper surface of supporting block 3, and installation sheet 21 and the top of screen holes 13 offset.Powder
Feed tube 14 is equipped on broken 1 inner wall of bucket between crushing vane 41 and axle sleeve, feed tube 14 is in reverse tapered shape.On 1 outer wall of grinding barrel
The lower section of screen holes 13 is equipped with rewinding case 8.
Current-limiting mechanism 6 is additionally provided on the left side wall of grinding barrel 1, current-limiting mechanism 6 includes support rod, in the strut being laterally arranged
61 and in vertically arranged striker plate 62.Support rod is fixed on the left side wall of grinding barrel 1, and the right end of strut 61 is fixed on left side
Supporting block 3 on, the middle part of strut 61 is hinged on support rod.The bottom end of striker plate 62 is fixed on the right end of strut 61, backgauge
The bottom of material storing box 5 is run through in the upper end of plate 62, and connect with the basal sliding of material storing box 5.The right side wall and storing of striker plate 62
5 right side wall of case is affixed, and the upper end of striker plate 62 is additionally provided with and the matched through-hole 63 of feed opening 51.
The bottom of grinding barrel 1 is additionally provided with Blast mechanism 7, as shown in Fig. 2, Blast mechanism 7 includes expansion box 71, piston plate
72 and sequentially hinged push rod 73, connecting rod 74 and rotating bar 75.Expansion box 71 is fixed on the bottom of grinding barrel 1, piston plate 72
It is slidably connected in expansion box 71, the right end of push rod 73 is fixed on piston plate 72, and the left end of rotating bar 75 is fixed on rotation axis 4
The middle part of bottom end, and push rod, connecting rod and rotating bar are generally aligned in the same plane.The right end of the upper and lower two side walls of expansion box 71 is all provided with
Have air inlet 711, be respectively connected with tracheae on air inlet 711, the one end of tracheae far from air inlet 711 through grinding barrel 1 a left side, by
Side wall；Tracheae is located at one end in grinding barrel 1 upward, and is located at the lower section of sieve 2, and tracheae is located on one end in grinding barrel 1
Equipped with gauze.
It when using the present embodiment, puts the raw materials into material storing box 5, raw material is along inclined 5 basal sliding of material storing box, then leads to
It crosses the discharging of feed opening 51 to enter in feed pipe, and is entered in grinding barrel 1 by feed inlet 11.Start motor, motor drives rotation
Axis 4 rotates, and rotation axis 4 drives Disintegrating knife rotation, and Disintegrating knife rotation generates shearing force to the raw material entered in grinding barrel 1,
Realize the crushing to raw material.
It is dropped down on sieve 2 after raw material is pulverized, smashed feed particles are slided along sieve 2, the lesser raw material of partial size
Particle drops down onto 1 bottom of grinding barrel by the mesh on sieve 2, and drives the rotation of stirring blade 42 to raw material by rotation axis 4
Grain is mixed.The biggish feed particles of partial size slide into the bottom of sieve 2, are skidded off by screen holes 13, then drop down onto rewinding case 8
It is collected.
Rotation axis 4 rotates, and during driving Disintegrating knife to crush raw material, rotation axis 4 drives rotating bar 75 to rotate, and pushes away
It is crank that bar 73, piston plate 72, connecting rod 74 and rotating bar 75, which are formed with rotating bar 75, connecting rod 74 is connecting rod, 73 and of push rod
Piston plate 72 is the slider-crank mechanism of sliding block.When rotating bar 75 rotates, piston plate 72 is driven to slide along expansion box 71；Gas storage
Case 71, piston plate 72 and push rod 73 form piston structure.
When piston plate 72 moves right, the gas in expansion box 71 is squeezed out, gas enters tracheae by air inlet 711
It is interior, it enters back into grinding barrel 1, the biggish feed particles of partial size on sieve 2 is blown upwards, so that feed particles and Disintegrating knife
It is contacted again carry out separating twice；Gas, which is blown, simultaneously is sprinkling upon on Disintegrating knife, and the raw material adhered on Disintegrating knife is dried,
So that raw material and Disintegrating knife are detached from, avoid the crushing effect of Disintegrating knife impacted.When piston plate 72 is moved to the left, pass through
Tracheae will store in the gas sucking expansion box 71 in grinding barrel 1, while realize negative pressure, so that partial size is smaller on sieve 2
Feed particles quickly pass through sieve 2 enter grinding barrel 1 bottom.The end of tracheae is equipped with gauze, in by grinding barrel 1
When gas is sucked in expansion box 71, it is avoided that feed particles enter expansion box 71.
During crushing raw material, when the raw material entered in grinding barrel 1 is excessive, Disintegrating knife will lead to raw material
Crushing effect is bad, therefore causes the remaining biggish feed particles of partial size on sieve 2 excessive, in the effect of feed particles gravity
Under, sieve 2 drives supporting block 3 to move down, therefore the right end of strut 61 is driven to move down.Strut 61 is hinged on support rod, forms thick stick
Rod structure, according to lever principle, the left end of strut 61 is moved up, and drives striker plate 62 to move up, therefore the through-hole 63 on striker plate 62
It is staggered with the feed opening 51 on material storing box 5, so that the raw material flowed out out of feed opening 51 is reduced, entrance is crushed to be able to achieve
The current limliting of raw material in bucket 1.After raw material has crushed, smashed feed particles are taken out by discharge port 12.
For those skilled in the art, under the premise of not departing from technical solution of the present invention, several changes can also be made
Shape and improvement, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence the effect and patent that the present invention is implemented