CN108184725A - A kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108184725A
CN108184725A CN201810098475.7A CN201810098475A CN108184725A CN 108184725 A CN108184725 A CN 108184725A CN 201810098475 A CN201810098475 A CN 201810098475A CN 108184725 A CN108184725 A CN 108184725A
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parts
loach
pond
feed
cultural method
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张斌
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Pingnan County Guangxi Plain Farming And Animal Husbandry Co Ltd
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Pingnan County Guangxi Plain Farming And Animal Husbandry Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • A01K61/13Prevention or treatment of fish diseases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/22Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/142Amino acids; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/158Fatty acids; Fats; Products containing oils or fats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/163Sugars; Polysaccharides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K40/00Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K40/10Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs by agglomeration; by granulation, e.g. making powders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultural methods of loach prevention disease, belong to fish material cultivation field.Include the following steps:A1. pond prepares:It is 0.8 1.2 mu to establish mud fish fry culture pond pool surface product, deep 0.9 1.2m in pond, carries out disinfection of cleaning up the pond, after disinfection of cleaning up the pond to pond using potassium permanganate, fermentation organic fertilizer or bio-fertilizer are applied in pond, new water of the pond filling by filtering carries out that Detoxified treatment and planktonic organism is needed to cultivate;A2. it chooses seeds:The female loach of adult of physical health and male loach are selected, the two ratio is 1:2.1‑1:2.3;A3. parent loach sterilizes:The female loach selected and male loach are impregnated 68 minutes by 2%~6% common salt aqueous solution.The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultural methods of loach prevention disease, and the loach survival rate that this method is cultivated is high, and disease resistance is strong.

Description

A kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease
Technical field
The invention belongs to fish culture fields, and in particular to a kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease.
Background technology
Loach belongs to Cobitidae.Loach is referred to as " ginseng in water ", be distributed in southern china various regions the north it is uncommon but It is distributed various regions.Whole year can all harvest, and summer is most, can using fresh herb or drying use after loach captures.Loach lives in Hu Chi, and shape Body is small, only three, four cun long.Its bodily form is justified, and body is short, subcutaneously there is ramentum, and color blueness is black, has been stained with the mucus of itself from head to foot, It is thus satiny to hold.A kind of very high fish of nutritive value, it and other fishes differ, no matter appearance, the bodily form, life Habit is all different, is a kind of special bullhead.Body is elongated, and leading portion is slightly cylindrical.Rear portion is flat-sided, abdomen circle, it is small, mouth is small, Bottom, the shape of a hoof.Eye is small, and nothing is pierced now.It must be 5 pairs.Squama is extremely tiny, round, is embedded in subcutaneous.Body back and both sides grey black, It is all there are many small black patches, also there are many black splotch on head and each fin, the spot on dorsal fin and tail fin film is arranged in Row, caudal peduncle base portion have an apparent blackspot.Other each fin canescence.Loach is distributed widely in the China, Japan, court of Asia bank The ground such as fresh, Russian and India, edible are used as medicine.The loach survival rate of the cultural method cultivation of existing loach is not high, disease-resistant Energy force difference, deficiency in economic performance.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease, the loach that this method is cultivated survives Rate is high, and disease resistance is strong.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease, includes the following steps:
A1. pond prepares:It is 0.8-1.2 mus, pond depth 0.9-1.2m to establish mud fish fry culture pond pool surface product, and pond is used Potassium permanganate carries out disinfection of cleaning up the pond, and after disinfection of cleaning up the pond, fermentation organic fertilizer or bio-fertilizer is applied in pond, pond filling was passed through The new water of filter carries out that Detoxified treatment and planktonic organism is needed to cultivate;
A2. seed is put in a suitable place to breed:Mud fish fry is impregnated 6-8 minutes by 2%~6% common salt aqueous solution, every square metre puts body Loach kind 45-50 tails 3~4 centimetres long;Put 35-45 kilograms in a suitable place to breed per acre
A3. food is fed;First week feeding zooplankter, second week feeding chironomus larvas, young spiral shell, earthworm, silk algae, third All feeding wheel animalcules and small-sized cladocera animal, third week start feeding feed;
A4. water quality management:Photosynthetic bacteria is put weekly and enters pond regulating water quality, adjusts the PH in pond with quick lime every two weeks It is worth to 7.1-7.3;
A5. diseases prevention management:The control method of infusorian disease:It is a variety of to the very little piece loach seedlings stage to inspect periodically the sub- loach seedlings of crow Parasitic disease using copper sulphate and mixture of ferrous sulfate or uses prosperous copper and the net full pool spilling head of protozoon;The control method of bubble illness: Using water silk earthworm, NaCl and enzyme and electrolysis multidimensional is fed, while underground water or other pond bottom water are filled;Hemorrhage, enteritis Disease:Allicin is added in powder and three blooms are fed.
Further, the feed in the step A3 is made including following raw material:
20-22 parts of dregs of beans, 17-19 parts of corn flour, 8-10 parts of earthworm, 21-23 parts of wheat flour, 7-9 parts of milk powder, phosphatide oil 1- 3 parts, 0.3-0.5 parts of lysine, 0.1-0.3 parts of vitamin C of fish, 0.2-0.4 parts of peanut oil, 1-3 parts of Radix Astragali, finelydivided phtheirospermum root 1.5- 2.5 parts, 2-4 parts of glutinous rehmannia, 6-8 parts of jerusalem artichoke, 4-6 parts of Salvia japonica, 2.5-2.7 parts of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, 6-8 parts of Poria cocos, Polygonum multiflower knotweed 0.9-1.3 Part, 0.5-0.7 parts of cortex albiziae, 0.5-0.7 parts of dried orange peel, 0.2-0.4 parts of radix bupleuri, 1.1-1.3 parts of safflower, 2.1-2.3 parts of gingko, 1.2-1.4 parts of sweetener.
Further, the preparation method of the feed includes the following steps:
(1) by Radix Astragali, finelydivided phtheirospermum root, glutinous rehmannia, jerusalem artichoke, Salvia japonica, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Poria cocos, Polygonum multiflower knotweed, cortex albiziae, dried orange peel, radix bupleuri, Safflower, gingko are put into after crushing in marmite, add in 8-10 times of water, under 1.2-1.4 atmospheric pressure, are used instead with after being boiled by fire Slow boiling boiling 1-1.5h repeats boiling twice, and Chinese medicine liquid is obtained after collecting cooking liquor cooling;
(2) phosphatide oil, lysine, fish vitamin C, peanut oil, sweetener are added in into Chinese medicine liquid, is stirred at 22-28 DEG C 25-35min is mixed, and the water for adding in 1-3 times obtains dilution;
(3) dregs of beans, corn flour, earthworm, wheat flour, milk powder are crushed into stirring, crosses 800-1000 mesh sieve, obtain mixed powder End;
(4) dilution of step (2) and the mixed-powder of step (3) are mixed, 30-40min is stirred at 70-85 DEG C and is obtained To feedstuff soln;
(5) feedstuff soln is granulated with comminutor, drying obtains finished feed and packs..
Further, the sweetener is one or more in glucose, fructose or lactose.
Further, it is erected with sunshade on the pond.
Further, in the step (5), the moisture of finished feed is 11-13%.
Further, in the step A3, the nursing number for launching feed daily is 3 times.
Further, the zooplankter is one or more in protozoan, cladocera animal and copepods.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. the present invention cultivates loach using pond, pond is comprehensively sterilized before cultivation, reduces germ Infection to shrimp seedling, each period carry out different feedings to loach, loach are made to absorb enough nutrition in each stage, to water quality The management of carry out science improves the growing environment of loach, improves its survival rate in time;The present invention to infusorian disease, bubble illness, Hemorrhage, enteritis disease carry out the prevention of science, so as to reduce the illness rate of loach.
2. in each ingredient of feed of the present invention, as Proteinaceous raw material, wherein dregs of beans is processed for beans for dregs of beans, earthworm, milk powder The slag charge of product;The breeding of earthworm energy rapid, high volume in humus, easily passes through and propagates a large amount of obtain artificially;Milk powder is by milk Manufactured powder after removing moisture content;Above-mentioned three contains abundant protein.Contain a large amount of lecithin, sub- oil in corn flour Acid, grain alcohol, vitamin E, cellulose etc. provide abundant nutriment for loach;Wheat flour contains a large amount of starch, as Starchiness raw material in feed.
The effect of each traditional Chinese medicine ingredients of the present invention is respectively:Radix Astragali has enhancing body's immunity, resisting stress, wide Antibacterial action;Finelydivided phtheirospermum root has clearing heat and detoxicating, mental-tranquilization, the effect of analgesic;Glutinous rehmannia is cool in nature, sweet-bitter flavor, and there is enriching yin to mend The effect of kidney, blood-nourishing are enriched blood, cool blood;Jerusalem artichoke cures mainly febrile disease, and intestines heat is had blood in stool;Salvia japonica has the antitoxin removing toxic substances of sterilization sterilizing, drive Pest remove epidemic disease effect;Radix Angelicae Sinensis has effects that enrich blood, invigorate blood circulation;Poria cocos has the effect of clearing damp and promoting diuresis, invigorating the spleen, calming heart;Polygonum multiflower knotweed has There is the effect of mental-tranquilization, wind-dispelling, dredging collateral;Cortex albiziae has the effect of solving strongly fragrant and blood, calming heart, subduing inflammation;Dried orange peel has qi-regulating Invigorating the spleen, it is eliminating dampness and eliminating phlegm the effect of;Radix bupleuri have and inducing diaphoresis in, soothing liver-qi stagnation, yang invigorating, bring down a fever preventing malaria the effect of;Safflower With promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, scattered Yu Kaijie;Gingko powder has effects that restraining and sterilizing bacteria.
The synergistic effect of each traditional Chinese medicine ingredients of the present invention:Radix Astragali, finelydivided phtheirospermum root, glutinous rehmannia, jerusalem artichoke take together, to loach bubble illness Play prevention effect;Salvia japonica, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Poria cocos, Polygonum multiflower knotweed take together, can generate the disease-resistant factor of loach white smear disease, play Prevent and treat the effect of white smear is sick;Cortex albiziae, dried orange peel are taken together, have effects that appetizing, can improve the appetite of loach, It is enabled fully to take in enough nutriments;Radix bupleuri, safflower, gingko powder are taken together, are capable of the immunocompetence of loach, can The DNA of Beancurd sheet virus is effectively destroyed, prevents its amount reproduction, so as to have preventive and therapeutic action to putrid skin disease.
Lysine and fish play the role of loach to promote growth by the use of vitamin C as complementarity nutriment;Phosphatide Oil, peanut oil, sweetener are as flavoring agent, and phosphatide oil and peanut oil can make the mouthfeel of feed, while supplemented with loach Internal aliphatic acid and trace element;Since a large amount of Chinese medicines in the present invention are bitter Chinese medicine, addition sweetener can improve this The taste of invention, so as to which loach be attracted to ingest.
Feed of the invention is not only in good taste, nutrition-allocated proportion science, and can effectively improve the disease resistance of loach.
3. the preparation method of the feed of the present invention is easy to operate, at low cost, economic benefit can be effectively improved.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme of the present invention is further described in detail With reference to embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease, includes the following steps:
A1. pond prepares:It is 0.8 mu, pond depth 0.9m to establish mud fish fry culture pond pool surface product, and potassium permanganate is used to pond Disinfection of cleaning up the pond is carried out, after disinfection of cleaning up the pond, fermentation organic fertilizer or bio-fertilizer, new water of the pond filling by filtering are applied in pond It carries out that Detoxified treatment and planktonic organism is needed to cultivate;
A2. seed is put in a suitable place to breed:Mud fish fry by 2% common salt aqueous solution is impregnated 6 minutes, body is put for every square metre and grows 3 centimetres 45 tail of loach kind;Put 35 kilograms in a suitable place to breed per acre
A3. food is fed;First week feeding zooplankter, second week feeding chironomus larvas, young spiral shell, earthworm, silk algae, third All feeding wheel animalcules and small-sized cladocera animal, third week start feeding feed;
A4. water quality management:Photosynthetic bacteria is put weekly and enters pond regulating water quality, adjusts the PH in pond with quick lime every two weeks It is worth to 7.1;
A5. diseases prevention management:The control method of infusorian disease:It is a variety of to the very little piece loach seedlings stage to inspect periodically the sub- loach seedlings of crow Parasitic disease, using copper sulphate and mixture of ferrous sulfate full pool spilling head;The control method of bubble illness:Using feed water silk earthworm, NaCl and enzyme and electrolysis multidimensional, while fill underground water;Hemorrhage, enteritis disease:Added in powder allicin and three blooms into Row is fed.
The feed of step A3 is made including following raw material:
20 parts of dregs of beans, 17 parts of corn flour, 8 parts of earthworm, 21 parts of wheat flour, 7 parts of milk powder, 1 part of phosphatide oil, 0.3 part of lysine, 0.1 part of vitamin C of fish, 0.2 part of peanut oil, 1 part of Radix Astragali, 1.5 parts of finelydivided phtheirospermum root, 2 parts of glutinous rehmannia, 6 parts of jerusalem artichoke, 4 parts of Salvia japonica, when Return 2.5 parts, 6 parts of Poria cocos, 0.9 part of Polygonum multiflower knotweed, 0.5 part of cortex albiziae, 0.5 part of dried orange peel, 0.2 part of radix bupleuri, 1.1 parts of safflower, gingko 2.1 parts, 1.2 parts of sweetener.
Sweetener is glucose.
The preparation method of feed, includes the following steps:
(1) by Radix Astragali, finelydivided phtheirospermum root, glutinous rehmannia, jerusalem artichoke, Salvia japonica, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Poria cocos, Polygonum multiflower knotweed, cortex albiziae, dried orange peel, radix bupleuri, Safflower, gingko are put into after crushing in marmite, add in 8 times of water, under 1.2 atmospheric pressure, are steamed with slow boiling is used after being boiled by fire instead 1h is boiled, repeats boiling twice, Chinese medicine liquid is obtained after collecting cooking liquor cooling;
(2) phosphatide oil, lysine, fish vitamin C, peanut oil, sweetener are added in into Chinese medicine liquid, is stirred at 22 DEG C 25-35min, and the water for adding in 1 times obtains dilution;
(3) dregs of beans, corn flour, earthworm, wheat flour, milk powder are crushed into stirring, crosses 800 mesh sieve, obtain mixed-powder;
(4) dilution of step (2) and the mixed-powder of step (3) are mixed, 30min is stirred at 70 DEG C and obtains feed Solution;
(5) feedstuff soln is granulated with comminutor, drying obtains finished feed and packs.
Sweetener is one or more in glucose, fructose or lactose.
Sunshade is erected on pond.
In step (5), the moisture of finished feed is 11-13%.
In step A3, the nursing number for launching feed daily is 3 times.
Zooplankter is protozoan.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease includes the following steps:
A1. pond prepares:It is 1 mu, pond depth 1m to establish mud fish fry culture pond pool surface product, and pond is carried out using potassium permanganate It cleans up the pond disinfection, after disinfection of cleaning up the pond, fermentation organic fertilizer or bio-fertilizer is applied in pond, new water of the pond filling by filtering carries out Detoxified treatment and planktonic organism is needed to cultivate;
A2. seed is put in a suitable place to breed:Mud fish fry by 4% common salt aqueous solution is impregnated 7 minutes, body is put for every square metre and grows 3~4 lis 48 tail of loach kind of rice;Put 40 kilograms in a suitable place to breed per acre
A3. food is fed;First week feeding zooplankter, second week feeding chironomus larvas, young spiral shell, earthworm, silk algae, third All feeding wheel animalcules and small-sized cladocera animal, third week start feeding feed;
A4. water quality management:Photosynthetic bacteria is put weekly and enters pond regulating water quality, adjusts the PH in pond with quick lime every two weeks It is worth to 7.2;
A5. diseases prevention management:The control method of infusorian disease:It is a variety of to the very little piece loach seedlings stage to inspect periodically the sub- loach seedlings of crow Parasitic disease, using copper sulphate and mixture of ferrous sulfate full pool spilling head;The control method of bubble illness:Using feed water silk earthworm, NaCl and enzyme and electrolysis multidimensional, while fill underground water or other pond bottom water;Hemorrhage, enteritis disease:It is added in powder Allicin and three blooms are fed.
The feed of step A3 is made including following raw material:
21 parts of dregs of beans, 18 parts of corn flour, 9 parts of earthworm, 22 parts of wheat flour, 8 parts of milk powder, 2 parts of phosphatide oil, 0.4 part of lysine, 0.2 part of vitamin C of fish, 0.3 part of peanut oil, 2 parts of Radix Astragali, 2 parts of finelydivided phtheirospermum root, 3 parts of glutinous rehmannia, 7 parts of jerusalem artichoke, 5 parts of Salvia japonica, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 2.6 parts, 7 parts of Poria cocos, 1 part of Polygonum multiflower knotweed, 0.6 part of cortex albiziae, 0.6 part of dried orange peel, 0.3 part of radix bupleuri, 1.2 parts of safflower, gingko 2.2 Part, 1.3 parts of sweetener.
The preparation method of feed, includes the following steps:
(1) by Radix Astragali, finelydivided phtheirospermum root, glutinous rehmannia, jerusalem artichoke, Salvia japonica, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Poria cocos, Polygonum multiflower knotweed, cortex albiziae, dried orange peel, radix bupleuri, Safflower, gingko are put into after crushing in marmite, add in 9 times of water, under 1.3 atmospheric pressure, are steamed with slow boiling is used after being boiled by fire instead 1.4h is boiled, repeats boiling twice, Chinese medicine liquid is obtained after collecting cooking liquor cooling;
(2) phosphatide oil, lysine, fish vitamin C, peanut oil, sweetener are added in into Chinese medicine liquid, is stirred at 25 DEG C 30min, and the water for adding in 2 times obtains dilution;
(3) dregs of beans, corn flour, earthworm, wheat flour, milk powder are crushed into stirring, crosses 900 mesh sieve, obtain mixed-powder;
(4) dilution of step (2) and the mixed-powder of step (3) are mixed, 35min is stirred at 80 DEG C and obtains feed Solution;
(5) feedstuff soln is granulated with comminutor, drying obtains finished feed and packs.
Sweetener is fructose.
Sunshade is erected on pond.
In step (5), the moisture of finished feed is 11-13%.
In step A3, the nursing number for launching feed daily is 3 times.
Zooplankter is cladocera animal.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease, includes the following steps:
A1. pond prepares:It is 1.2 mu, pond depth 1.2m to establish mud fish fry culture pond pool surface product, and potassium permanganate is used to pond Disinfection of cleaning up the pond is carried out, after disinfection of cleaning up the pond, fermentation organic fertilizer or bio-fertilizer, new water of the pond filling by filtering are applied in pond It carries out that Detoxified treatment and planktonic organism is needed to cultivate;
A2. seed is put in a suitable place to breed:Mud fish fry by 6% common salt aqueous solution is impregnated 8 minutes, body is put for every square metre and grows 4 centimetres 50 tail of loach kind;Put 45 kilograms in a suitable place to breed per acre
A3. food is fed;First week feeding zooplankter, second week feeding chironomus larvas, young spiral shell, earthworm, silk algae, third All feeding wheel animalcules and small-sized cladocera animal, third week start feeding feed;
A4. water quality management:Photosynthetic bacteria is put weekly and enters pond regulating water quality, adjusts the PH in pond with quick lime every two weeks It is worth to 7.3;
A5. diseases prevention management:The control method of infusorian disease:It is a variety of to the very little piece loach seedlings stage to inspect periodically the sub- loach seedlings of crow Parasitic disease, using prosperous copper and the net full pool spilling head of protozoon;The control method of bubble illness:Using feed water silk earthworm, NaCl and enzyme and Multidimensional is electrolysed, while fills underground water or other pond bottom water;Hemorrhage, enteritis disease:Allicin and three is added in powder Bloom is fed.
The feed of step A3 is made including following raw material:
22 parts of dregs of beans, 19 parts of corn flour, 10 parts of earthworm, 23 parts of wheat flour, 9 parts of milk powder, 3 parts of phosphatide oil, lysine 0.5 Part, 0.3 part of vitamin C of fish, 0.4 part of peanut oil, 3 parts of Radix Astragali, 2.5 parts of finelydivided phtheirospermum root, 4 parts of glutinous rehmannia, 8 parts of jerusalem artichoke, Salvia japonica 6 Part, 2.7 parts of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, 8 parts of Poria cocos, 1.3 parts of Polygonum multiflower knotweed, 0.7 part of cortex albiziae, 0.7 part of dried orange peel, 0.4 part of radix bupleuri, 1.3 parts of safflower, 2.3 parts of gingko, 1.4 parts of sweetener.
The preparation method of feed, includes the following steps:
(1) by Radix Astragali, finelydivided phtheirospermum root, glutinous rehmannia, jerusalem artichoke, Salvia japonica, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Poria cocos, Polygonum multiflower knotweed, cortex albiziae, dried orange peel, radix bupleuri, Safflower, gingko are put into after crushing in marmite, add in 10 times of water, under 1.4 atmospheric pressure, are steamed with slow boiling is used after being boiled by fire instead 1.5h is boiled, repeats boiling twice, Chinese medicine liquid is obtained after collecting cooking liquor cooling;
(2) phosphatide oil, lysine, fish vitamin C, peanut oil, sweetener are added in into Chinese medicine liquid, is stirred at 28 DEG C 35min, and the water for adding in 3 times obtains dilution;
(3) dregs of beans, corn flour, earthworm, wheat flour, milk powder are crushed into stirring, crosses 1000 mesh sieve, obtain mixed-powder;
(4) dilution of step (2) and the mixed-powder of step (3) are mixed, 40min is stirred at 85 DEG C and obtains feed Solution;
(5) feedstuff soln is granulated with comminutor, drying obtains finished feed and packs.
Sweetener is one or more in lactose.
Sunshade is erected on pond.
In step (5), the moisture of finished feed is 13%.
In step A3, the nursing number for launching feed daily is 3 times.
Zooplankter is copepods.
Comparative example 1:Feeding normal diet on the market.
Comparative example 2:The conventional breeding processes of the prior art.
Comparative example 3:Essentially identical with the feed of embodiment 3, difference is:The feed 3 of comparative example is without radix bupleuri, safranine Flower, gingko powder.
600 loach fries are equally divided into six groups, year female loach and male loach 1 to 2.2 is often formed, is respectively put into environment Identical six ponds raising.Wherein three groups are respectively cultivated loach according to the method for embodiment 1-3, number is respectively Experimental group 1-3.Other three groups are respectively cultivated loach according to the method for comparative example 1-4, number is control group 1- respectively 3.Cultivation one month after respectively by observe, calculate, detect, record obtain it is as follows:
It can be obtained by above-mentioned experimental data:Compared with prior art, the loach fish cultivated by the method for the present invention is disease-resistant Ability is strong, and survival rate is high.
Above description is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, the equal variation or modification change completed under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention, should all belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
A1. pond prepares:It is 0.8-1.2 mus, pond depth 0.9-1.2m to establish mud fish fry culture pond pool surface product, and Gao Meng is used to pond Sour potassium carries out disinfection of cleaning up the pond, and after disinfection of cleaning up the pond, fermentation organic fertilizer or bio-fertilizer is applied in pond, pond filling is by filtering New water carries out that Detoxified treatment and planktonic organism is needed to cultivate;
A2. seed is put in a suitable place to breed:Mud fish fry is impregnated 6-8 minute by 2%~6% common salt aqueous solution, every square metre put body grow 3~ 4 centimetres of loach kind 45-50 tails;Put 35-45 kilograms in a suitable place to breed per acre
A3. food is fed;First week feeding zooplankter, second week feeding chironomus larvas, young spiral shell, earthworm, silk algae, feeds in third week It eats wheel animalcule and starts feeding feed in small-sized cladocera animal, third week;
A4. water quality management:Put photosynthetic bacteria weekly and enter pond regulating water quality, every two weeks with quick lime adjust pond pH value to 7.1-7.3;
A5. diseases prevention management:The control method of infusorian disease:The sub- loach seedlings of crow are inspected periodically to a variety of parasitisms in very little piece loach seedlings stage Parasitosis using copper sulphate and mixture of ferrous sulfate or uses prosperous copper and the net full pool spilling head of protozoon;The control method of bubble illness:Using Water silk earthworm, NaCl and enzyme and electrolysis multidimensional are fed, while fills underground water or other pond bottom water;Hemorrhage, enteritis disease: Allicin is added in powder and three blooms are fed.
2. the cultural method of loach prevention disease according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the feed in the step A3 It is made including following raw material:
20-22 parts of dregs of beans, 17-19 parts of corn flour, 8-10 parts of earthworm, 21-23 parts of wheat flour, 7-9 parts of milk powder, 1-3 parts of phosphatide oil, 0.3-0.5 parts of lysine, 0.1-0.3 parts of vitamin C of fish, 0.2-0.4 parts of peanut oil, 1-3 parts of Radix Astragali, finelydivided phtheirospermum root 1.5-2.5 Part, 6-8 parts of jerusalem artichoke, 4-6 parts of Salvia japonica, 2.5-2.7 parts of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, 6-8 parts of Poria cocos, 0.9-1.3 parts of Polygonum multiflower knotweed, is closed at 2-4 parts of glutinous rehmannia Joyous 0.5-0.7 parts of skin, 0.5-0.7 parts of dried orange peel, 0.2-0.4 parts of radix bupleuri, 1.1-1.3 parts of safflower, 2.1-2.3 parts of gingko, sweet taste 1.2-1.4 parts of agent.
3. the cultural method of loach prevention disease according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the preparation method of the feed Include the following steps:
(1) by Radix Astragali, finelydivided phtheirospermum root, glutinous rehmannia, jerusalem artichoke, Salvia japonica, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Poria cocos, Polygonum multiflower knotweed, cortex albiziae, dried orange peel, radix bupleuri, safranine Flower, gingko are put into after crushing in marmite, add in 8-10 times of water, and under 1.2-1.4 atmospheric pressure, slow boiling is used instead with after being boiled by fire Boiling 1-1.5h repeats boiling twice, and Chinese medicine liquid is obtained after collecting cooking liquor cooling;
(2) phosphatide oil, lysine, fish vitamin C, peanut oil, sweetener are added in into Chinese medicine liquid, 25- is stirred at 22-28 DEG C 35min, and the water for adding in 1-3 times obtains dilution;
(3) dregs of beans, corn flour, earthworm, wheat flour, milk powder are crushed into stirring, crosses 800-1000 mesh sieve, obtain mixed-powder;
(4) dilution of step (2) and the mixed-powder of step (3) are mixed, 30-40min is stirred at 70-85 DEG C and is raised Expect solution;
(5) feedstuff soln is granulated with comminutor, drying obtains finished feed and packs..
4. the cultural method of loach prevention disease according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the sweetener is grape It is one or more in sugar, fructose or lactose.
5. the cultural method of loach prevention disease according to claim 1, which is characterized in that screening is erected on the pond Yang Peng.
6. the cultural method of loach prevention disease according to claim 3, which is characterized in that in the step (5), feed The moisture of finished product is 11-13%.
7. the cultural method of mud loach prevention disease according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the step A3, often Its nursing number for launching feed is 3 times.
8. the cultural method of mud loach prevention disease according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the zooplankter is original It is one or more in lively object, cladocera animal and copepods.
CN201810098475.7A 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 A kind of cultural method of loach prevention disease Pending CN108184725A (en)

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CN105284689A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-03 刘正伟 Cultivating method of loach larvae
CN106342732A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 淮安市水产技术指导站 Loach fry culture method

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CN103598122A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-02-26 丹阳市清云农业发展有限公司 High-yield high-efficiency cultivation method of loach pond
CN104041437A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-17 郎溪县兴贵水产品养殖家庭农场 Loach fry breeding method
CN104304127A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-28 陈卫香 Loach breeding method
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110840963A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-02-28 珠海容川饲料有限公司 Chinese herbal medicine additive and artificial mixed feed for improving intestinal health of loaches and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20180622