CN108175352B - Self-rotating sprayer and dish washing machine applying same - Google Patents

Self-rotating sprayer and dish washing machine applying same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108175352B
CN108175352B CN201611120942.9A CN201611120942A CN108175352B CN 108175352 B CN108175352 B CN 108175352B CN 201611120942 A CN201611120942 A CN 201611120942A CN 108175352 B CN108175352 B CN 108175352B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
sprayer
self
rotating
washing
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Active
Application number
CN201611120942.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108175352A (en
Inventor
程永建
徐�明
姜战存
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Haier Dishwasher Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haier Dishwasher Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611120942.9A priority Critical patent/CN108175352B/en
Publication of CN108175352A publication Critical patent/CN108175352A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/14Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware with stationary crockery baskets and spraying devices within the cleaning chamber
    • A47L15/18Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware with stationary crockery baskets and spraying devices within the cleaning chamber with movably-mounted spraying devices
    • A47L15/22Rotary spraying devices
    • A47L15/23Rotary spraying devices moved by means of the sprays

Abstract

The utility model provides a dish washer from rotary sprayer and applied this sprayer, is including setting up a plurality of water jets on the sprayer be provided with in the sprayer and be used for making rivers have and be on a parallel with sprayer velocity component and perpendicular to sprayer velocity component's water diversion device, water diversion device fixes on dish washer, the sprayer is rotatory fixed with water diversion device. Compared with the prior art, the water distributor can realize rotation without the aid of the reverse impact force of the inclined water spraying ports, or realize rotation with smaller dependence on the reverse impact force of the inclined water spraying ports, and the arrangement of the inclined water spraying ports can be omitted or reduced, so that more water spraying ports can be freely arranged at angles to spray a required area, and the overall washing effect is improved.

Description

Self-rotating sprayer and dish washing machine applying same
Technical Field
The present invention relates to a spray thrower, and more particularly, to a self-rotating spray thrower and a dishwasher using the same.
Background
Generally, a dishwasher is a kind of cleaning device that removes contaminants from tableware or cookware using detergent and wash water.
The dishwasher mainly includes: a main body having a washing tub; a door for opening and closing the opening portion of the main body; a water tank disposed at the bottom of the washing tub to store washing water; a washing pump for pumping out the washing water stored in the sump; and a sprayer for spraying the washing water pumped to the washing tub by the washing pump. In addition, the sump is mounted with a filtering system for filtering foreign substances in the washing water.
The sprayer is provided with a water spraying port for spraying water to the tableware for cleaning, and the sprayer is required to rotate if the tableware is cleaned completely, so that the sprayed washing water can clean the tableware in different directions and angles.
The rotating of the sprayer in the prior art basically depends on the water spray nozzles on the sprayer, part of the water spray nozzles are inclined backwards, and when washing water is sprayed out from the inclined water spray nozzles, the water flow gives the sprayer a reverse impact force, so that the sprayer has a rotating moment to realize rotation. However, the water flow of the inclined water jet has a horizontal component which is zero or close to zero with respect to the dishwasher itself after the rotation of the sprinkler. This partial water flow does not serve the function of washing dishes.
Disclosure of Invention
The main object of the present invention is to provide a self-rotating sprinkler for solving the above technical problems by reducing the number of water nozzles inclined rearward in the case of rotating the sprinkler.
The invention also provides a dishwasher using the sprayer.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
a self-rotating sprayer comprises a plurality of water spraying ports arranged on the sprayer, a water distribution device which is used for enabling water flow to have a speed component parallel to the sprayer and a speed component perpendicular to the sprayer is arranged in the sprayer, the water distribution device is fixed on a dish washing machine, and the sprayer and the water distribution device are fixed in a rotating mode.
Furthermore, the water diversion device comprises a water distributor and a fixing shaft fixed at the bottom of the water distributor, and the fixing shaft extends out of the sprayer and is fixed with the dish washing machine.
Further, the water separator is of a conical structure, and the surface of the conical structure is concave.
Further, a plurality of fan blades are arranged on the surface of the conical structure.
Further, the water separator faces the water inlet of the sprayer.
Furthermore, the water knockout drum is the box structure, sets up the spray thrower water inlet on the box structure, sets up a plurality of flabellums of dividing into a plurality of regions with the box structure is inside in the box structure, sets up the delivery port on the box structure outer wall between per two adjacent flabellums.
Further, the water separator is cylindrical with a cavity inside, and a water inlet of the sprayer is arranged on the upper surface of the cylinder.
Furthermore, part of the water spraying openings are vertically arranged, and part of the water spraying openings are obliquely arranged.
Further, the fan blades are fan blades with radian.
The other technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
a dishwasher comprising a self-rotating sprayer as described above.
In summary, the self-rotating sprayer and the dishwasher using the same of the present invention have the following advantages:
1. the washing water that will get into the spray thrower through the water diversion device divides the flow, makes the spray thrower atress rotatory, compares with prior art, and the spray thrower need not to realize rotatoryly with the help of the reverse impact force of slope water jet, perhaps less relies on the reverse impact force of slope water jet to realize rotatoryly, can not set up or reduce the setting to the slope water jet to there are more water jets can freely set up the angle, spray the region of needs, improve whole washing effect.
2. The water diversion device is fixed with the dish washing machine, can not only divert the washing water, but also provide a rotary support for the sprayer.
3. The water diversion device is arranged to be provided with a conical structure with an inward concave surface, so that washing water can flow through the curved surface to be diverted.
4. The fan blades are attached to the surface of the conical structure and arranged in an arc shape, so that the washing water splitting effect is further improved, the washing water can generate a speed component perpendicular to the sprayer, and the sprayer is pushed to rotate.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the water diversion apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the water diversion apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the sprayer of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a diagram showing the velocity components of the washing water according to the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the shower 1, the water separator 2, the fixed shaft 3, the water jet 4, the fan blade 5, the shower inlet 6 and the ribs 7.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the following detailed description and accompanying drawings:
for convenience of description and understanding of the reader, the term "parallel to the sprayer" in the present invention means the length direction of the sprayer 1, i.e. the left-right direction in fig. 1 or fig. 5; "perpendicular to the shower" means the width direction of the shower 1, i.e., the up-down direction in fig. 5.
Example one
The self-rotating sprayer provided by the invention is applied to a dish washer and can be used for washing tableware above the sprayer in the dish washer.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, a self-rotating sprayer mainly comprises a sprayer 1 and a water diversion device.
As shown in fig. 4, the shower 1 is mainly used to spray washing water. The sprayer 1 is in a cuboid shape, the interior of the sprayer is hollow, the middle position of the sprayer is cylindrical, a sprayer water inlet 6 is arranged at the middle position of the sprayer, and a plurality of water spray nozzles 4 are arranged on the surface of the sprayer 1.
The washing water enters the inner cavity of the sprayer 1 from the water inlet 6 of the sprayer and is sprayed out from the water spraying opening 4 to wash the tableware.
The water diversion device is arranged in the sprayer 1 and is arranged in a cylinder in the middle of the sprayer 1, the water diversion device is fixedly connected with a water cup (not shown in the figure) of the dish washing machine, the sprayer 1 and the water diversion device are rotationally fixed, namely the sprayer 1 can rotate by taking the water diversion device as an axis.
As shown in fig. 5, the water diversion device can divert the washing water into a component parallel to the velocity of the shower 1 and a component perpendicular to the velocity of the shower 1, by which the shower 1 can be rotated.
In this embodiment, since the sprinkler 1 is rotated by the water diversion device, most or all of the water outlets 4 may be angled as needed for the area to be sprinkled, without considering much the effect of the water outlets 4 on the rotation of the sprinkler 1. If the water pressure of the washing water is insufficient or other reasons cause more torque to be required for the rotation of the sprayer 1, a part of inclined water spraying openings 4 can be arranged, and the reverse impact force caused by the part of inclined water spraying openings 4 is combined with the water dividing device to realize the rotation of the sprayer 1.
The washing water that will get into spray thrower 1 through the water diversion device divides the flow, makes spray thrower 1 atress rotatory, compares with prior art, and spray thrower 1 need not to realize rotatoryly with the help of the reverse impact force of slope water jet, perhaps less relies on the reverse impact force of slope water jet to realize rotatoryly, can not set up or reduce the setting to the slope water jet to there are more water jets can freely set up the angle, spray the region of needs, improve whole washing effect.
The water diversion device is fixed with the dish washing machine, can not only divert the washing water, but also provide a rotary support for the sprayer 1.
Example two
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, a self-rotating sprayer mainly comprises a sprayer 1 and a water diversion device.
As shown in fig. 4, the shower 1 is mainly used to spray washing water. The sprayer 1 is in a cuboid shape, the interior of the sprayer is hollow, the middle position of the sprayer is cylindrical, a sprayer water inlet 6 is arranged at the middle position of the sprayer, and a plurality of water spray nozzles 4 are arranged on the surface of the sprayer 1.
The washing water enters the inner cavity of the sprayer 1 from the water inlet 6 of the sprayer and is sprayed out from the water spraying opening 4 to wash the tableware.
The water diversion device is arranged in the sprayer 1 and is arranged in a cylinder positioned in the middle of the sprayer 1. As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the water distributor comprises a water distributor 2 and a fixed shaft 3, the fixed shaft 3 is fixed at the bottom of the water distributor 2, the fixed shaft 3 extends out of the bottom of the water distributor 1 and then is fixed with a cup of a dishwasher, and the top of the water distributor 2 is a water inlet 6 of the water distributor 1. The sprayer 1 and the water diversion device are fixed in a rotating mode, namely the sprayer 1 can rotate by taking the water diversion device as an axis.
In this embodiment, the water separator 2 has a conical structure, and the surface of the conical structure is concave, so that the surface of the water separator 2 is a curved surface. The water diversion device is arranged to be provided with a conical structure with an inward concave surface, so that washing water can flow through the curved surface to be diverted.
The surface of the conical structure is provided with a plurality of fan blades 5, a waterway channel is formed between every two fan blades 5, and washing water enters from a water inlet 6 of the sprayer, flows into each waterway channel through the water separator 2 of the conical structure and then enters the sprayer 1.
Through the water passage formed between the fan blades 5, the washing water can be divided into various directions, i.e., the washing water has a velocity component parallel to the sprinkler 1 and a velocity component perpendicular to the sprinkler 1 when flowing into the sprinkler 1, and the sprinkler 1 is driven to rotate by the velocity component perpendicular to the sprinkler 1.
No matter how the arrangement direction of the water inlet 6 of the sprayer is, the water separator 2 is arranged facing the water inlet 6 of the sprayer, so that the washing water enters the sprayer 1 and then is directly separated by the water separator 2 and the fan blades 5 on the water separator 2.
In order to make the washing water have a larger velocity component perpendicular to the sprayer 1 after entering the sprayer 1, the fan blades 5 are provided with fan blades 5 with a certain radian. The washing water flows through the fan blades 5 having a curvature, and has a greater thrust after entering the shower unit 1, thereby rotating the shower unit 1.
In order to increase the rotating torque, a plurality of ribs 7 are arranged on the cylindrical inner wall in the middle of the sprayer 1, washing water is divided by the water distributor 2 and enters the sprayer 1 to impact the ribs 7, the rotating torque of the sprayer 1 is increased, and the rotating speed of the sprayer 1 is increased. The structural size and the gap of the ribs 7 can be set as required.
In this embodiment, the water separator 2 is provided with the fan blades 5 to have a flow dividing capability, so that the divided washing water has a velocity component parallel to the sprayer 1 and a velocity component perpendicular to the sprayer 1. The water distributor 2 is combined with the conical structure of the inner concave surface and the arc-shaped fan blades 5, so that the flow distribution effect is further improved, and the rotation of the sprayer 1 is better promoted.
EXAMPLE III
In the present embodiment, a self-rotating sprayer mainly includes a sprayer 1 and a water diversion device.
The shower 1 is mainly used to spray washing water. The sprayer 1 is in a cuboid shape, the interior of the sprayer is hollow, the middle position of the sprayer is cylindrical, and a plurality of water spraying ports 4 are formed in the surface of the sprayer 1. The washing water enters the inner cavity of the sprayer 1 from the water inlet 6 of the sprayer and is sprayed out from the water spraying opening 4 to wash the tableware.
The water diversion device is arranged in the sprayer 1 and is arranged in a cylinder positioned in the middle of the sprayer 1. The water distribution device comprises a water distributor 2 and a fixing shaft 3, the fixing shaft 3 is fixed at the bottom of the water distributor 2, and the fixing shaft 3 extends out of the bottom of the sprayer 1 and then is fixed with a cup of the dish-washing machine. The sprayer 1 and the water diversion device are fixed in a rotating mode, namely the sprayer 1 can rotate by taking the water diversion device as an axis.
The water separator 2 is a box-shaped structure (not shown), and in this embodiment, the water separator 2 is a cylinder having a cavity therein. A shower inlet 6 is provided on the box-type structure, and in this embodiment a shower inlet 6 is provided on the upper surface of the cylindrical water separator 2.
Set up a plurality of flabellums 5 in the box structure, flabellum 5 is with the inside division of box structure for a plurality of regions, forms a waterway between per two flabellums 5, sets up the delivery port on 2 outer walls of water knockout drum of every waterway intercommunication.
Washing water enters from a water inlet 6 of the sprayer at the top of the cylindrical water separator 2, flows into a plurality of waterway channels in the water separator 1 respectively, flows out of each water outlet to the sprayer 1, divides the washing water into various directions, enables the washing water to have a speed component parallel to the sprayer 1 and a speed component perpendicular to the sprayer 1, and drives the sprayer 1 to rotate by the speed component perpendicular to the sprayer 1.
In order to make the washing water have a larger velocity component perpendicular to the sprayer 1 after entering the sprayer 1, the fan blades 5 are provided with fan blades 5 with a certain radian.
Example four
A dishwasher mainly includes a main body having a washing tub; a door for opening and closing the opening portion of the main body; a water tank disposed at the bottom of the washing tub to store washing water; a washing pump for pumping out the washing water stored in the sump; and the self-rotating sprayer.
In summary, the self-rotating sprayer and the dish washer applying the same provided by the invention have the advantages that the washing water entering the sprayer is divided by the water dividing device, so that the sprayer is stressed to rotate.
Similar solutions can be derived from the solution given in the figures, as described above. However, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification of the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the present invention are within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A self-rotating sprayer is characterized in that: the water distributor is fixed on the dish washing machine, and the sprayer and the water distributor are fixed in a rotating way;
the water distribution device comprises a water distributor and a fixed shaft fixed at the bottom of the water distributor, and the fixed shaft extends out of the sprayer and is fixed with the dish-washing machine;
the water separator is of a conical structure, and a plurality of fan blades are arranged on the surface of the conical structure;
or the water separator is of a box-type structure, a sprayer water inlet is arranged on the box-type structure, a plurality of fan blades for dividing the interior of the box-type structure into a plurality of areas are arranged in the box-type structure, and a water outlet is arranged on the outer wall of the box-type structure between every two adjacent fan blades.
2. A self-rotating sprayer according to claim 1, wherein: the surface of the conical structure is concave.
3. A self-rotating sprayer according to claim 1, wherein: the water separator faces the water inlet of the sprayer.
4. A self-rotating sprayer according to claim 1, wherein: the water separator is cylindrical, a cavity is formed in the water separator, and a water inlet of the sprayer is formed in the upper surface of the cylinder.
5. A self-rotating sprayer according to claim 1, wherein: some the water jet is vertical, and some the water jet is the slope setting.
6. A self-rotating sprayer according to claim 1, wherein: the fan blades are fan blades with radian.
7. A dishwasher, characterized by: a self-rotating sprayer comprising any one of claims 1 to 6.
CN201611120942.9A 2016-12-08 2016-12-08 Self-rotating sprayer and dish washing machine applying same Active CN108175352B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611120942.9A CN108175352B (en) 2016-12-08 2016-12-08 Self-rotating sprayer and dish washing machine applying same

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611120942.9A CN108175352B (en) 2016-12-08 2016-12-08 Self-rotating sprayer and dish washing machine applying same

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CN108175352B true CN108175352B (en) 2021-08-27

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101368575A (en) * 2007-08-17 2009-02-18 建凖电机工业股份有限公司 Fan impeller
BRPI1103883A2 (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-10-30 Global Heat Transfer Com Ltda industrial oven chiller equipment, with rotary nozzle for air / water mixing steering system
CN103983475A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-08-13 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Novel semi-automatic rotary-sealing layered water sampler
CN105126522A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-12-09 蚌埠华东石膏有限公司 Automatic fan blade water mist dust collector

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2385804Y (en) * 1999-07-13 2000-07-05 韩岩 Vane-type automatic rotation sprinkler gun
CN204158346U (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-02-18 佛山市顺德区美的洗涤电器制造有限公司 Spray arm device and dish-washing machine
CN104905752B (en) * 2015-07-13 2018-01-05 佛山市顺德区美的洗涤电器制造有限公司 Spraying arm of dish washer device and dish-washing machine
CN105919529B (en) * 2016-07-08 2018-12-07 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Dish-washing machine spray equipment and its dish-washing machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101368575A (en) * 2007-08-17 2009-02-18 建凖电机工业股份有限公司 Fan impeller
BRPI1103883A2 (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-10-30 Global Heat Transfer Com Ltda industrial oven chiller equipment, with rotary nozzle for air / water mixing steering system
CN103983475A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-08-13 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Novel semi-automatic rotary-sealing layered water sampler
CN105126522A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-12-09 蚌埠华东石膏有限公司 Automatic fan blade water mist dust collector

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
《一种家用洗碗机的设计》;莫盛秋;《常州信息职业技术学院学报》;20140430;全文 *

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