CN108170060A - Danger source and environment monitoring warning system and method - Google Patents

Danger source and environment monitoring warning system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108170060A
CN108170060A CN201810003925.XA CN201810003925A CN108170060A CN 108170060 A CN108170060 A CN 108170060A CN 201810003925 A CN201810003925 A CN 201810003925A CN 108170060 A CN108170060 A CN 108170060A
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China
Prior art keywords
data
comprehensive
monitoring data
monitoring
danger source
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CN201810003925.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷明强
胡凯雷
汪兴华
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Bang Zheng Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Bang Zheng Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810003925.XA priority Critical patent/CN108170060A/en
Publication of CN108170060A publication Critical patent/CN108170060A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal condition and not otherwise provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/12Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to undesired emission of substances, e.g. pollution alarms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/25Pc structure of the system
    • G05B2219/25033Pc structure of the system structure, control, syncronization, data, alarm, connect I-O line to interface
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/26Pc applications
    • G05B2219/2612Data acquisition interface

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of danger source and environment monitoring warning system and method, which includes:At least one data acquisition unit, for acquiring the monitoring data of monitored danger source and its ambient enviroment;Data receipt unit for wirelessly remotely receiving and processing monitoring data, and is configured and is controlled to data acquisition unit;And Data Management Unit, determine alert levels, and corresponding alarm response is made according to alert levels for passing through research and application data.The present invention is when the related data of collected danger source is exceeded, the alert levels residing for comprehensive descision and corresponding alarm response can be made in time in time, also efficiently solve the harm to the human body that existing monitoring mode is brought is big, monitoring cycle is long, there are careless omission, reaction not in time, data summarization efficiency is low, acquisition precision is vulnerable to the problems such as length of cable influences.

Description

Danger source and environment monitoring warning system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to danger source and environmental monitoring technology fields, and in particular to a kind of danger source and environmental monitoring alarm system System and method.
Background technology
At present, some danger sources, such as dangerous chemical products, it will usually in workshop, warehouse, oil depot, harbour, chemical industrial park etc. It stores in place.Since these places are populated area, there are poles in the place of these dangerous chemical products of storage Big security risk needs to carry out the environment around dangerous chemical products safety monitoring and is finding that there are timely during security risk It alarms.
Existing monitoring mode, which is broadly divided into, to be monitored by manually patrolling or is supervised by wired monitoring technology Both are surveyed, wherein being monitored that there are harm to the human body is big, monitoring cycle is long and in a short time by manually patrolling The security risk of generation have careless omission, reaction not in time, the problems such as data summarization efficiency is low, and supervised by wired monitoring technology It surveys then and there is the problems such as high on collecting device requirement of explosion proof, cost is higher, acquisition precision is vulnerable to length of cable influence, in reality Monitoring requirements cannot be met well in.
In addition, both monitoring modes do not consider, when the related data of collected danger source is exceeded, how to integrate Judge residing alert levels and make corresponding alarm response in time.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of danger source and environment monitoring warning system and method, to solve in the prior art by artificial Inspection or be monitored by wired monitoring technology the harm to the human body brought is big, monitoring cycle is long, there are careless omission, reaction not In time, data summarization efficiency is low, acquisition precision is vulnerable to the problems such as length of cable influences and is unable to report residing for comprehensive descision The problem of warning rank and making corresponding alarm response in time.
In a first aspect, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of danger source and environment monitoring warning system, including:
At least one data acquisition unit, for acquiring the monitoring data of monitored danger source and its ambient enviroment;
Data receipt unit is connect with the data acquisition unit, for wirelessly remotely receiving and locating The monitoring data are managed, and the data acquisition unit is configured and is controlled;And
Data Management Unit is connect with the data receipt unit, is analyzed the monitoring data for passing through and is determined to alarm Rank, and make corresponding alarm response according to the alert levels.
As the preferred embodiment of first aspect present invention, the data acquisition unit is including acquisition sensor and wirelessly Module, the acquisition sensor are connect by the wireless module with the data receipt unit;Wherein, the acquisition sensor For gas sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor, PM2.5 sensors, flow sensor, pressure sensor, photoelectric sensor, infrared biography One or more of sensor.
As the preferred embodiment of first aspect present invention, the data receipt unit includes RF circuits and at least one data Processing circuit, the RF circuits are connect with each data processing circuit;Wherein, the RF circuits are additionally operable to and the no line number It is connected according to collecting unit, each data processing circuit is additionally operable to connect with the Data Management Unit.
As the preferred embodiment of first aspect present invention, the data processing circuit includes Semtech SX1301SOC cores Piece.
As the preferred embodiment of first aspect present invention, the Data Management Unit include CPU module and respectively with institute State touch screen, loudspeaker, high-decibel alarm and the SSD hard disks of CPU module connection, the CPU module also by cable network or Person 4G wireless networks and external distal end platform of meeting an urgent need are connect.
As the preferred embodiment of first aspect present invention, the CPU module uses Freescale Cortex-A9i.MX6Q Platform processor.
As the preferred embodiment of first aspect present invention, further include power supply unit, said supply unit respectively with the number It is connected according to receiving unit with the Data Management Unit.
Second aspect, the embodiment of the present invention provide a kind of danger source and environmental monitoring alarm method, including:
Obtain monitored at least one danger source and its at least one monitoring data of ambient enviroment;
According to the monitoring data and its corresponding weight coefficient and upper limit value and lower limiting value, the danger source is determined Comprehensive monitoring data and its corresponding comprehensive upper limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value;
If the comprehensive monitoring data are in the range of the comprehensive upper limit value and the comprehensive lower limiting value restriction, and each When the monitoring data are in the range of the corresponding upper limit value of the monitoring data and lower limiting value limit, do not make alarm and ring It should;Otherwise, it determines alert levels and making corresponding alarm response.
As the preferred embodiment of second aspect of the present invention, in the comprehensive monitoring data and its corresponding synthesis of the danger source Limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value are calculated according to the following formula respectively:
Mx=M1×β1+M2×β2+...+Mn×βn,
MxH=M1H×β1+M2H×β2+...+MnH×βn,
MxL=M1L×β1+M2L×β2+...+MnL×βn,
And MxL < Mxn < MxH;
Wherein, Mx is the comprehensive monitoring data of danger source X, under MxH and MxL are respectively corresponding comprehensive upper limit value and are comprehensive Limit value;
M1~MnThe respectively n monitoring data of danger source X, β1nThe corresponding weight system of respectively n monitoring data Number, M1H/M1L~MnH/MnL is respectively the corresponding upper limit value of n monitoring data and lower limiting value, and β12+……+βn=1.
As the preferred embodiment of second aspect of the present invention, the alert levels are divided into level-one alarm, secondary alarm and three-level Alarm;Wherein,
If the comprehensive monitoring data are not at the comprehensive upper limit value and the comprehensive lower limiting value limit in the range of or When any one of monitoring data are not in the range of the corresponding upper limit value of the monitoring data and lower limiting value limit or Person, if | (MxN/Mx (N-1)) × θ -1 | when≤0.25, determine that the alert levels are alarmed for level-one;
If 0.25 < | (MxN/Mx (N-1)) × θ -1 | when≤0.5, it is secondary alarm to determine the alert levels;
If | (MxN/Mx (N-1)) × θ -1 | during > 0.5, determine that the alert levels are alarmed for three-level;
Wherein, MxN is the comprehensive monitoring data of the danger source X of this acquisition, and Mx (N-1) is the danger source X of last time acquisition Comprehensive monitoring data, θ is correction factor.
A kind of danger source provided by the invention and environment monitoring warning system and method, wirelessly remote transmission quilt The danger source of monitoring and its monitoring data of ambient enviroment, and locally carrying out data storage and analysis so that collected danger When the related data in dangerous source is exceeded, the alert levels residing for comprehensive descision and corresponding alarm response can be made in time in time, Monitoring, alarming to solve the problems, such as current various danger sources provides powerful.
In addition, danger source provided by the invention and environment monitoring warning system and method, also efficiently solve existing monitoring Harm to the human body that mode is brought is big, monitoring cycle is long, there are careless omission, reaction not in time, data summarization efficiency is low, acquisition precision It is vulnerable to the problems such as length of cable influences, had not only can be used for the monitoring, alarming of base's danger source and surrounding enviroment, but also can carry out Large-scale distributed networking uses, suitable for units such as government organs, enterprise group, port logistics.
Description of the drawings
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some embodiments of the present invention, for For those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, other are can also be obtained according to these attached drawings Attached drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of a kind of danger source provided in an embodiment of the present invention and environment monitoring warning system;
Fig. 2 is the flow diagram of a kind of danger source provided in an embodiment of the present invention and environmental monitoring alarm method.
Specific embodiment
In order to which those skilled in the art is made to more fully understand the present invention program, below in conjunction in the embodiment of the present invention The technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described in attached drawing, it is clear that described embodiment is only The embodiment of a part of the invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, ordinary skill people Member's all other embodiments obtained without making creative work should all belong to the model that the present invention protects It encloses.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1, the embodiment of the invention discloses a kind of danger source and environment monitoring warning system, including:
At least one data acquisition unit, for acquiring the monitoring data of monitored danger source and its ambient enviroment;
Data receipt unit is connect with data acquisition unit, for wirelessly remotely receiving and processing prison Measured data, and data acquisition unit is configured and is controlled;And
Data Management Unit is connect with data receipt unit, and alert levels, and root are determined for passing through research and application data Corresponding alarm response is made according to alert levels.
In the present embodiment, data acquisition unit is arranged near monitored danger source, for danger source sheet Body and ambient enviroment are monitored in real time, can acquire monitored danger source and its monitoring data of ambient enviroment.It collects Monitoring data wirelessly remote transmission to data receipt unit, and is further transferred to Data Management Unit and is divided Analysis, so that it is determined that the alert levels residing for the danger source, and corresponding alarm response is made according to alert levels, make scene on duty Personnel can accordingly be handled according to alert levels.
Since collected danger source and its monitoring data of ambient enviroment wirelessly carry out remote transmission, so as to Data receipt unit and Data Management Unit can be arranged far from the region of danger source, the processes such as entire acquisition, transmission, processing Intelligent to complete, so as to efficiently solve, the harm to the human body that existing monitoring mode brings is big, monitoring cycle is long, there are thin The problems such as leakage, reaction are not in time, data summarization efficiency is low, acquisition precision is vulnerable to length of cable influence.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, data acquisition unit includes acquisition sensor and wireless module, and acquisition passes Sensor is connect by wireless module with data receipt unit;Wherein, acquisition sensor for gas sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor, One or more of PM2.5 sensors, flow sensor, pressure sensor, photoelectric sensor, infrared sensor.
In the present embodiment, data acquisition unit realizes the field monitoring of danger source and its ambient enviroment, wherein acquiring Sensor can be configured as the sensor for including one or more types, can be to a variety of numbers of danger source and its ambient enviroment According to being acquired, and pass through wireless module and be transmitted to data receipt unit comprehensively, determine that alert levels provide reliably to be follow-up Data source.
Data acquisition unit not only includes acquisition sensor and wireless module, further includes battery module, can be to adopt Collect sensor and wireless module power supply.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, data receipt unit includes RF circuits and at least one data processing circuit, RF Circuit is connect with each data processing circuit;Wherein, RF circuits are additionally operable to connect with data acquisition unit, each data processing electricity Road is additionally operable to connect with Data Management Unit.
In the present embodiment, data receipt unit realizes the reception and processing to monitoring data.Wherein, RF circuits employ LORA radio spread spectrum communication technologies so that its receiving sensitivity can reach -140dB, have the region blocked that can reach 5 public affairs In radius range of receiving, so as to receive more remote monitoring data, transmission precision is high.Meanwhile RF circuits and data Processing circuit has multiple channels, can receive the monitoring data that multiple data acquisition units are sent simultaneously.
The monitoring data that each data processing circuit processing RF circuits receive, and the monitoring data after preliminary treatment are passed through Spi bus is transmitted to Data Management Unit and is further analyzed.Meanwhile data processing circuit can be to each data acquisition Wireless module in unit is configured and is instructed control, can also in each data acquisition unit wireless module, supply Electric module carries out the modification of suspend mode, working time etc., so as to which data acquisition unit can realize low-power consumption power supply and make it Explosion-proof Design tends to be simple, also extends its service life and data acquisition unit is enable to work long hours.
Particularly, when data receipt unit it is first use or communication when something goes wrong, can be by connecting with Data Management Unit The RESET pins connect are resetted.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, data processing circuit includes Semtech SX1301SOC chips.
In the present embodiment, data processing circuit includes Semtech SX1301SOC chips and some peripheral circuits. Semtech SX1301SOC chips are the core of entire data processing circuit, realize the processing of monitoring data and to each wireless The function that data acquisition unit is configured and controlled.
Wherein, Semtech SX1301SOC chips, which have, is responsible for real-time RF automatic power gains control, RF calibration and nothing The functions such as line transmitting-receiving switching also have the function of 8 road concurrent data transmitting-receivings, are more applicable for wireless over long distances, more than quantity The configuration and control of data acquisition unit.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, Data Management Unit includes CPU module and what is connect respectively with CPU module touches Touch screen, loudspeaker, high-decibel alarm and SSD hard disks, CPU module also by cable network or 4G wireless networks with it is external remote The emergent platform connection in end.
In the present embodiment, Data Management Unit includes CPU module, receives the monitoring data of data receipt unit transmission.It should The preferred ARM9-4 cores CPU of CPU module is the core that entire Data Management Unit carries out the processes such as data processing, statistics, analysis, And finally determine the alert levels residing for danger source, and other component is controlled to make corresponding alarm response according to alert levels.
CPU module is connected with touch screen, loudspeaker and high-decibel alarm, is done for the alert levels according to residing for danger source Go out corresponding alarm response.Wherein, alert levels are divided into level-one alarm, secondary alarm and three-level to alarm three kinds, level-one alarm Have a unusual condition for warning, but also in that can control in the range of, need to check and handle, secondary alarm is for warning It is potentially dangerous, needs to go to check and handle to scene in time, three-level alarm has considerable risk to occur for warning, and needs to stand Quarter is handled, and starts urgent prediction scheme.
Specifically, when determining alert levels as level-one alarm, under the control of CPU module, touch screen pop-up alarm bullet Window shows title, position, the monitoring data to transfinite and the corresponding upper lower limit value of the data acquisition unit of alarm, simultaneously Loudspeaker send out the interruption alarm sound of 3 seconds;When it is secondary alarm to determine alert levels, under the control of CPU module, touch screen bullet Go out to alarm and pop-up and flicker, show the title of the data acquisition unit of alarm, position, monitoring data to transfinite and corresponding Upper lower limit value, loudspeaker send out the interruption alarm sound of 1 second, while pass through 4G wireless networks according to the telephone number and alarm template to prestore Network sends out alarming short message;When determining alert levels as three-level alarm, under the control of CPU module, touch screen pop-up alarm bullet Window simultaneously flickers, and alarm pop-up occupies the entire display window of touch screen, shows title, the position of the data acquisition unit of alarm The monitoring data put, to transfinite and corresponding upper lower limit value, loudspeaker send out lasting alarm sound, and high-decibel alarm, which is also sent out, to be continued Alarm sound, while emergency alarm short message is sent out, and lead to by 4G wireless networks according to the telephone number that prestores and alarm template It crosses cable network and uploads emergency alarm data to the emergent platform in distal end.
CPU module is also associated with SSD hard disks, for storing the monitoring data of CPU module reception, and in real time by monitoring data External distal end platform of meeting an urgent need is sent to NET-SNMP protocol formats by cable network or 4G wireless networks to be stored, together When SSD hard disks in the monitoring data that store also at least to retain one month.
In addition, CPU module can also pass through ADC processing circuits, USART circuits, 485 circuits, light-coupled isolation input detection The monitorings such as circuit local analog sensor, transmitter, On-off signal signal etc., so as to further to the surrounding enviroment of danger source It is monitored.When be abnormal alarmed when, can by outputting circuit for relay provide switching signal be controlled, such as Open ventilation, access control etc..If networking, the emergent platform in distal end can also by cable network or 4G wireless networks into Row relevant control and configuration etc., such as data acquisition unit can be configured.
It should be noted that the above-mentioned conventional technical means for those skilled in the art, those skilled in the art can root Control and configuration etc., therefore details are not described herein for detailed implementation process accordingly are carried out according to actual conditions.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, CPU module uses Freescale Cortex-A9i.MX6Q platform processors.
In the present embodiment, CPU module uses Freescale Cortex-A9i.MX6Q platform processors, the platform processes Device support HDMI, VGA, LVDS, UART, USB, SATA, Micro SD CARD, Camera, 3G, CAN Bus, G-Sensor, Numerous abundant peripheral interfaces such as Wifi, BlueTooth, infrared, RTC support the peripheral expansion of multiple functions module, data processing Speed is fast, and practicability is stronger.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, further include power supply unit, power supply unit respectively with data receipt unit and data Administrative unit connects.
In the present embodiment, external alternating current is converted into direct current by power supply unit, so as to for data receipt unit and Data Management Unit is powered.
A kind of danger source provided by the invention and environment monitoring warning system, wirelessly remote transmission be monitored The monitoring data of danger source and its ambient enviroment, and locally carrying out data storage and analysis so that collected danger source When related data is exceeded, the alert levels residing for comprehensive descision and corresponding alarm response can be made in time, to solve in time The monitoring, alarming problem of current various danger sources provides powerful.
With reference to shown in Fig. 2, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of environmental monitoring alarm method, including:
101st, monitored at least one danger source and its at least one monitoring data of ambient enviroment are obtained.
In this step, for each monitored danger source, a data acquisition unit is set in its vicinity, The danger source and its at least one monitoring data of ambient enviroment can be acquired.These monitoring data include a variety of different physics Amount, can reflect danger source and its actual conditions of ambient enviroment comprehensively, so as to determine that alert levels provide reliably to be follow-up Data source.
102nd, according to monitoring data and its corresponding weight coefficient and upper limit value and lower limiting value, the comprehensive of danger source is determined Close monitoring data and corresponding comprehensive upper limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value.
In this step, for a variety of monitoring data of each danger source, first determined respectively according to the property of its physical quantity Then corresponding weight coefficient, upper limit value and lower limiting value further determines that the comprehensive monitoring data and correspondence of danger source Synthesis upper limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value.
Specifically, the comprehensive monitoring data of danger source and its corresponding comprehensive upper limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value are respectively under Formula is calculated:
Mx=M1×β1+M2×β2+...+Mn×βn,
MxH=M1H×β1+M2H×β2+...+MnH×βn,
MxL=M1L×β1+M2L×β2+...+MnL×βn,
And MxL < Mxn < MxH;
Wherein, Mx is the comprehensive monitoring data of danger source X, under MxH and MxL are respectively corresponding comprehensive upper limit value and are comprehensive Limit value;
M1~MnThe respectively n monitoring data of danger source X, β1nThe corresponding weight system of respectively n monitoring data Number, M1H/M1L~MnH/MnL is respectively the corresponding upper limit value of n monitoring data and lower limiting value, and β12+……+βn=1.
It should be noted that those skilled in the art can rule of thumb and big data analysis as a result, and with reference to itself Actual conditions determine the concrete numerical value of the corresponding weight coefficient of each monitoring data, are not specifically limited herein, the present invention Embodiment does not limit the concrete numerical value of weight coefficient.
The 103rd, if comprehensive monitoring data are in the range of comprehensive upper limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value restriction, and each monitoring data When being in the range of the corresponding upper limit value of monitoring data and lower limiting value limit, alarm response is not made;Otherwise, it determines alarm Rank simultaneously makes corresponding alarm response.
In this step, if the range that the comprehensive monitoring data actually obtained are in comprehensive upper limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value limits It is interior, and when each monitoring data are in the range of the corresponding upper limit value of monitoring data and lower limiting value limit, illustrate danger source For each monitoring data in normal range (NR), there is no abnormal conditions, do not need to make alarm response.Otherwise, illustrate danger source Each monitoring data have the situation not in normal range (NR), i.e., there are abnormal conditions, it is thus necessary to determine that alert levels are simultaneously made corresponding Alarm response.
Specifically, alert levels are divided into level-one alarm, secondary alarm and three-level in the present embodiment to alarm.
Wherein, if comprehensive monitoring data are not in the range of comprehensive upper limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value restriction or any one When monitoring data are not in the range of the corresponding upper limit value of monitoring data and lower limiting value limit, if alternatively, | (MxN/Mx (N- 1)) × θ -1 | when≤0.25, determine that alert levels are alarmed for level-one;
If 0.25 < | (MxN/Mx (N-1)) × θ -1 | when≤0.5, it is secondary alarm to determine alert levels;
If | (MxN/Mx (N-1)) × θ -1 | during > 0.5, determine that alert levels are alarmed for three-level;
Wherein, MxN is the comprehensive monitoring data of the danger source X of this acquisition, and Mx (N-1) is the danger source X of last time acquisition Comprehensive monitoring data, θ is correction factor.
In the present embodiment, the correction factor is obtained according to the history alarm logging of a certain danger source, the history Alarm logging includes at least history alert levels and corresponding alarm times, for correcting the alarm possibility of danger source appearance.Root It is learnt according to a large amount of history alert data statistical analysis, most of accident is gradually enlarged from small accident, directly To developing into major accident.So small accident is accumulated or had larger accident in the past, then weight occurs again The probability of major break down will increase, it is therefore necessary to be adjusted by correction factor come the alert levels to danger source, make it More accurate it can objectively reflect that the severity of accident occurs in danger source.
Preferably, when a certain danger source does not have history alarm logging, it is 1 to determine correction factor;When a certain danger source is deposited In history alarm logging, it is 1.25 to determine correction factor.In this way, when there are during history alarm logging, can will originally belong to The situation of level-one alarm is promoted to secondary alarm, and the situation for originally belonging to secondary alarm can also be promoted to three-level alarm.
It should be noted that those skilled in the art can rule of thumb and big data analysis as a result, and with reference to itself Actual conditions determine the concrete numerical value of correction factor, are not specifically limited herein, and the embodiment of the present invention is to the specific of correction factor Numerical value does not limit.
When a certain danger source is alarmed, and after making corresponding alarm response according to alert levels, the danger is released The alarm condition in source, but its alert levels and alarm times can be stored as history alarm logging, and alarm is determined for next time Rank provides auxiliary reference.
A kind of danger source provided by the invention and environmental monitoring alarm method can pass through the correlation of collected danger source Data, alert levels residing for timely comprehensive descision simultaneously make corresponding alarm response in time, to solve current various danger sources Monitoring, alarming problem provide powerful.
In the above embodiment of the present invention, all emphasize particularly on different fields to the description of each embodiment, do not have in some embodiment The part of detailed description may refer to the associated description of other embodiment.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of danger source and environment monitoring warning system, which is characterized in that including:
At least one data acquisition unit, for acquiring the monitoring data of monitored danger source and its ambient enviroment;
Data receipt unit is connect with the data acquisition unit, for wirelessly remotely receiving and processing institute Monitoring data are stated, and the data acquisition unit is configured and is controlled;And
Data Management Unit is connect with the data receipt unit, is analyzed the monitoring data for passing through and is determined alert levels, And make corresponding alarm response according to the alert levels.
2. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the data acquisition unit include acquisition sensor and Wireless module, the acquisition sensor are connect by the wireless module with the data receipt unit;Wherein, the acquisition passes Sensor is gas sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor, PM2.5 sensors, flow sensor, pressure sensor, photoelectric sensor, red One or more of outer sensor.
3. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the data receipt unit includes RF circuits and at least one Data processing circuit, the RF circuits are connect with each data processing circuit;Wherein, the RF circuits are additionally operable to and the nothing Line data acquisition unit connects, and each data processing circuit is additionally operable to connect with the Data Management Unit.
4. system according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the data processing circuit includes Semtech SX1301 SOC chip.
5. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Data Management Unit includes CPU module and difference Touch screen, loudspeaker, high-decibel alarm and the SSD hard disks being connect with the CPU module, the CPU module also pass through wired network Network or 4G wireless networks and external distal end platform of meeting an urgent need are connect.
6. system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the CPU module uses Freescale Cortex- A9i.MX6Q platform processors.
7. according to system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, further include power supply unit, said supply unit respectively with institute Data receipt unit is stated to connect with the Data Management Unit.
8. a kind of environmental monitoring alarm method, which is characterized in that including:
Obtain monitored at least one danger source and its at least one monitoring data of ambient enviroment;
According to the monitoring data and its corresponding weight coefficient and upper limit value and lower limiting value, the comprehensive of the danger source is determined Close monitoring data and its corresponding comprehensive upper limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value;
If the comprehensive monitoring data are in the range of the comprehensive upper limit value and the comprehensive lower limiting value restriction, and each described When monitoring data are in the range of the corresponding upper limit value of the monitoring data and lower limiting value limit, alarm response is not made; Otherwise, it determines alert levels and making corresponding alarm response.
9. according to the method described in claim 8, it is characterized in that, comprehensive monitoring data of the danger source and its corresponding comprehensive It closes limit value and comprehensive lower limiting value is calculated according to the following formula respectively:
Mx=M1×β1+M2×β2+...+Mn×βn,
MxH=M1H×β1+M2H×β2+...+MnH×βn,
MxL=M1L×β1+M2L×β2+...+MnL×βn,
And MxL < Mxn < MxH;
Wherein, Mx is the comprehensive monitoring data of danger source X, and MxH and MxL are respectively corresponding comprehensive upper limit value and comprehensive lower limit Value;
M1~MnThe respectively n monitoring data of danger source X, β1nThe corresponding weight coefficient of respectively n monitoring data, M1H/ M1L~MnH/MnL is respectively the corresponding upper limit value of n monitoring data and lower limiting value, and β12+……+βn=1.
10. according to the method described in claim 9, it is characterized in that, the alert levels be divided into level-one alarm, secondary alarm and Three-level is alarmed;Wherein,
If the comprehensive monitoring data are not in the range of the comprehensive upper limit value and the comprehensive lower limiting value restriction or arbitrary When one monitoring data is not in the range of the corresponding upper limit value of the monitoring data and lower limiting value limit, if alternatively, | (MxN/Mx (N-1)) × θ -1 | when≤0.25, determine that the alert levels are alarmed for level-one;
If 0.25 < | (MxN/Mx (N-1)) × θ -1 | when≤0.5, it is secondary alarm to determine the alert levels;
If | (MxN/Mx (N-1)) × θ -1 | during > 0.5, determine that the alert levels are alarmed for three-level;
Wherein, MxN is the comprehensive monitoring data of the danger source X of this acquisition, and Mx (N-1) is the comprehensive of the danger source X of last time acquisition Monitoring data are closed, θ is correction factor.
CN201810003925.XA 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 Danger source and environment monitoring warning system and method Pending CN108170060A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110196076A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-09-03 华南农业大学 A kind of perception of environment multi-source information and early warning system and its method
CN110608770A (en) * 2019-09-23 2019-12-24 扬州市众鑫化工有限公司 Online safety monitoring system for low-concentration formaldehyde solution preparation production line
CN115019482A (en) * 2022-08-04 2022-09-06 武汉鼎业环保工程技术有限公司 Dangerous gas itinerant early warning method and device based on big data

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110196076A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-09-03 华南农业大学 A kind of perception of environment multi-source information and early warning system and its method
CN110608770A (en) * 2019-09-23 2019-12-24 扬州市众鑫化工有限公司 Online safety monitoring system for low-concentration formaldehyde solution preparation production line
CN115019482A (en) * 2022-08-04 2022-09-06 武汉鼎业环保工程技术有限公司 Dangerous gas itinerant early warning method and device based on big data
CN115019482B (en) * 2022-08-04 2022-11-11 武汉鼎业环保工程技术有限公司 Dangerous gas itinerant early warning method and device based on big data

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