CN108164915A - A kind of ABS/ biomass composites and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of ABS/ biomass composites and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108164915A
CN108164915A CN201711444369.1A CN201711444369A CN108164915A CN 108164915 A CN108164915 A CN 108164915A CN 201711444369 A CN201711444369 A CN 201711444369A CN 108164915 A CN108164915 A CN 108164915A
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China
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parts
abs
biomass
composites
coupling agent
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CN201711444369.1A
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Inventor
陈文�
赵武学
马俊杰
杨荣清
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Sichuan Xinda Enterprise Group Co Ltd
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Sichuan Xinda Enterprise Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711444369.1A priority Critical patent/CN108164915A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L55/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers, obtained by polymerisation reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, not provided for in groups C08L23/00 - C08L53/00
    • C08L55/02ABS [Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene] polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K5/00Use of organic ingredients
    • C08K5/54Silicon-containing compounds
    • C08K5/544Silicon-containing compounds containing nitrogen
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/06Polyethene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L35/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a carboxyl radical, and containing at least one other carboxyl radical in the molecule, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides or nitriles thereof; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L91/00Compositions of oils, fats or waxes; Compositions of derivatives thereof
    • C08L91/06Waxes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L97/00Compositions of lignin-containing materials
    • C08L97/02Lignocellulosic material, e.g. wood, straw or bagasse
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend
    • C08L2205/035Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend containing four or more polymers in a blend
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/08Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing additives to improve the compatibility between two polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2207/00Properties characterising the ingredient of the composition
    • C08L2207/06Properties of polyethylene
    • C08L2207/062HDPE
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2207/00Properties characterising the ingredient of the composition
    • C08L2207/06Properties of polyethylene
    • C08L2207/066LDPE (radical process)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of preparation methods of ABS/ biomass composites, belong to biomass composite field.Disperse the problems such as uneven in the following poor fluidity of biomass decomposition temperature, biomass the invention solves ABS.Composite material of the present invention is made (parts by weight) of following components:40 60 parts of acrylonitrile butadient styrene (ABS), 10 20 parts of the high melting means resin of low melting point, 5 35 parts of biomass, 1 15 parts of compatilizer, 12 parts of coupling agent, 12 parts of lubricant, 12 parts of antioxidant;It is machined into using twin-screw extrusion.The present invention has the characteristics that environmentally friendly, pollution-free, easily molded, low-density.

Description

A kind of ABS/ biomass composites and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to biomass composite fields;More particularly to a kind of ABS/ biomass composites and its preparation side Method.
Background technology
China has than more rich biomass resource, and according to FAO's data, there are 1.1 hundred million tons of wheats in China every year Straw rank first in the world.In terms of can utilizing biomass specific to forestry, China possesses 7862.58 ten thousand hectares of Timber stands, firewood at present 21,390,000 hectares of charcoal woods, 484.26 ten thousand hectares of bamboo grove.It is generated every year there are about 1.5 hundred million tons of forest harvesting residues and timber processing Waste.These forestry biomass resources provide abundant raw material for China's forest product industry Biomass Industry Development of China, present The good prospect of woodsization industry development Biomass Industry.Meanwhile in the China's oil shortage of resources, import of energy heavy dependence, " white Under the serious background of color pollution ", as the biomass of recyclable natural resources and its recycling of waste, have Good economic, society and ecological benefits, have been increasingly becoming one of 21 century main new material and new energy.Push substance material The application of material, so it expedites the emergence of a new biological material industry and has become a great direction of China's new material development.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of formulas of ABS/ biomass composites and preparation method thereof.The present invention will It solves ABS and disperses the problems such as uneven in the following poor fluidity of biomass decomposition temperature, biomass.The composite material of the present invention has The features such as environmentally friendly, pollution-free, easily molded, low-density.
In terms of parts by weight, ABS/ biomass composites of the invention are made of following raw materials:Acrylic nitrile-butadiene two 40-60 parts of alkene-styrol copolymer (ABS), 10-20 parts of low melting point high melting means resin, 5-30 parts of biomass, compatilizer 1-15 1-2 parts of part, 1-2 parts of coupling agent, 1-2 parts of lubricant and antioxidant;Specific preparation method carries out in the steps below:
Biomass and coupling agent are added in into high-speed mixer and mixing 5-20 minutes;Add ABS, compatilizer, low melting point Gao Rong Refer to resin, lubricant and antioxidant, mix 1-10 minutes;Then extruding pelletization again, technological parameter:One area's temperature control is in 160- 180 DEG C, two areas temperature controls exist in 170-190 DEG C, the temperature control of 3rd area in 185-195 DEG C, 4th area to ten area's temperature controls 185-200 DEG C, extrusion temperature is 160-200 DEG C, screw speed 180-280r/min, and feeding frequency is 10-20Hz.
It further limits, the high melting means resin of the low melting point is linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), low-density is gathered Ethylene (LDPE), high density polyethylene (HDPE) (HDPE), polypropylene (PP), one kind in polystyrene (PS) or wherein several arbitrary Than mixing.
It further limits, the biomass is bamboo powder, powdered rice hulls, Poplar Powder, one kind in roble powder or wherein Several is arbitrary than mixing, and mesh number is 100-300 mesh.
It further limits, the compatilizer is maleic anhydride grafted ABS, Maleic anhydride-containg polyethylene, maleic anhydride connect Branch SEBS, maleic anhydride-acrylonitrile-styrene terpolymer, one kind or wherein in glycidyl acrylate grafting SBS Several is arbitrary than mixing.
It further limits, the coupling agent is silane resin acceptor kh-550.
It further limits, the lubricant is white oil, EBS, one kind in low molecular weight AS or wherein several arbitrary Than mixing.
The present invention solves ABS in the following mobility of biomass decomposition temperature using the high melting means resin of low melting point, lubricant The problem of difference;Biomass after coupling agent treatment can improve biomass and the compatibility of ABS, compatilizer one end pole of addition Property more by force can be with biological surface hydroxyl reaction, the other end and ABS resin compatibility are preferable, coupling agent, compatilizer and rational Processing technology can solve the problems, such as that biomass dispersion is uneven.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one:A kind of ABS/ biomass composites of the present embodiment meaning, (parts by weight composed of the following components Number):Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS):60 parts, linear low density polyethylene LLDPE (the high melting means trees of low melting point Fat):10 parts, bamboo powder (mesh number 100):20 parts, maleic anhydride grafted ABS (compatilizer):10 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550:2 parts, White oil (lubricant):2 parts, antioxidant 1010:1 part.
Preparation method is:Bamboo powder, Silane coupling agent KH550 are added in into high-speed mixer and mixing 15 minutes;Add acrylonitrile- Butadiene-styrene copolymer ABS, maleic anhydride grafted ABS, linear low density polyethylene, white oil and antioxidant 1010, mixing 5 minutes;Then extruding pelletization again, technological parameter:The temperature control of one area is in 160 DEG C, two area's temperature controls in 170 DEG C, three area's temperature In 185 DEG C, 4th area to tenth area temperature control at 185 DEG C, extrusion temperature is 185 DEG C, screw speed 280r/min, is fed for degree control Material frequency is 15Hz.
Embodiment two:A kind of ABS/ biomass composites of the present embodiment meaning, (parts by weight composed of the following components Number):Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS):60 parts, linear low density polyethylene LLDPE (the high melting means trees of low melting point Fat):10 parts, bamboo powder (mesh number 200):20 parts, Maleic anhydride-containg polyethylene (compatilizer):10 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550:2 parts, White oil (lubricant):2 parts, antioxidant 1010:1 part.
Preparation method is:
Bamboo powder, Silane coupling agent KH550 are added in into high-speed mixer and mixing 15 minutes;Add acrylonitrile-butadiene-benzene second Alkene copolymer ABS, Maleic anhydride-containg polyethylene, linear low density polyethylene, white oil and antioxidant 1010 mix 5 minutes;Then Extruding pelletization again, technological parameter:The temperature control of one area is in 160 DEG C, the temperature control of 2nd area in 175 DEG C, three area's temperature controls 185 DEG C, 4th area to ten areas temperature controls at 190 DEG C, extrusion temperature is 190 DEG C, screw speed 280r/min, and feeding frequency is 15Hz。
Embodiment three:A kind of ABS/ biomass composites of the present embodiment meaning, (parts by weight composed of the following components Number):Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS):60 parts, LDPE (the high melting means resin of low melting point):15 parts, bamboo powder (mesh Number 200):20 parts, maleic anhydride-acrylonitrile-styrene terpolymer (compatilizer):5 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550:2 parts, White oil (lubricant):2 parts, antioxidant 1010:1 part.
Preparation method is:Bamboo powder, Silane coupling agent KH550 will be added in high-speed mixer and mixing 15 minutes;Add propylene Nitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer ABS, maleic anhydride-acrylonitrile-styrene terpolymer, LDPE, white oil and antioxidant 1010, it mixes 5 minutes;Then extruding pelletization again, technological parameter:The temperature control of one area is in 160 DEG C, two area's temperature controls 175 DEG C, three areas temperature controls in 190 DEG C, 4th area to tenth area temperature control at 195 DEG C, extrusion temperature is 190 DEG C, and screw speed is 280r/min, feeding frequency are 15Hz.
Example IV:A kind of ABS/ biomass composites of the present embodiment meaning, (parts by weight composed of the following components Number):Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS):55 parts, HDPE (the high melting means resin of low melting point):5 parts, Poplar Powder (mesh Number 100):25 parts, Maleic anhydride-containg polyethylene (compatilizer):15 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550:2 parts, EBS (lubricant):2 parts, Antioxidant 1010:1 part.
Preparation method is:Poplar Powder and coupling agent are added in into high-speed mixer and mixing 15 minutes;Add acrylic nitrile-butadiene two Alkene-styrol copolymer ABS, maleic anhydride-acrylonitrile-styrene terpolymer, HDPE, EBS, antioxidant 1010, mixing 5 Minute;Then extruding pelletization again, technological parameter:The temperature control of one area is in 160 DEG C, two area's temperature controls in 175 DEG C, three area's temperature Control is in 190 DEG C, 4th area to tenth area temperature control at 195 DEG C, and extrusion temperature is 195 DEG C, screw speed 280r/min, feeding Frequency is 15Hz.
Comparative example:A kind of ABS/ biomass composites in this example, (parts by weight) composed of the following components:Acrylonitrile- Butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS):80 parts, bamboo powder (mesh number 200):20 parts, coupling agent KH550:2 parts, lubricant white oil 2 Part, antioxidant 1010:1 part.
Preparation method for first by bamboo powder, KH550 by formula rate in high-speed mixer and mixing 15 minutes;Add ABS, lubrication Agent, antioxidant mix 5 minutes;Then extruding pelletization again, technological parameter:The temperature control of one area is in 160 DEG C, the temperature control of 2nd area In 175 DEG C, the temperature control of 3rd area in 190 DEG C, 4th area to tenth area temperature control at 195 DEG C, extrusion temperature is 195 DEG C, and screw rod turns Speed is 280r/min, and feeding frequency is 15Hz.
Table 1
By comparative example and embodiment one it is found that the addition of the high melting means resin of the low melting point mechanics that can be effectively improved material is strong Degree.This is because ABS is under 160-200 DEG C of processing temperature, poor fluidity, it is impossible to infiltrate biological material well.It is and low For the high melting means resin of fusing point under 160-200 DEG C of processing temperature, mobility is very good, can be good at infiltrating biological material, Biological surface is coated on, dispersibility of the biomass in ABS resin matrix is improved, so as to improve material mechanical performance.
From examples it can be seen that the performance of material is best in embodiment three, this is because embodiment three has used phase Hold agent maleic anhydride-acrylonitrile-styrene terpolymer.Acrylonitrile-styrene and ABS compatibilities are preferable in the compatilizer. Maleic anhydride content is more in compatilizer simultaneously, accounts for about the 18% of weight, there is more maleic anhydrides and biomass in compatilizer The hydroxyl of material surface chemically reacts, and compatilizer is easier to be coated on biological surface.Therefore 5% maleic acid is only added Acid anhydride-acrylonitrile-styrene terpolymer is increased substantially as compatilizer, the mechanical property of material.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of ABS/ biomass composites, it is characterised in that in terms of parts by weight, the ABS/ biomass composites are Made of following raw materials:
40-60 parts of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS), 10-20 parts of low melting point high melting means resin, biomass 5-30 1-2 parts of part, 1-15 parts of compatilizer, 1-2 parts of coupling agent, 1-2 parts of lubricant and antioxidant.
2. a kind of ABS/ biomass composites according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described in terms of parts by weight ABS/ biomass composites are made of following raw materials:
60 parts of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS), 10 parts of the high melting means resin of low melting point, 20 parts of biomass are compatible 1 part of 10 parts of agent, 2 parts of coupling agent, 2 parts of lubricant and antioxidant.
3. a kind of ABS/ biomass composites according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described in terms of parts by weight ABS/ biomass composites are made of following raw materials:
60 parts of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS), 15 parts of the high melting means resin of low melting point, 20 parts of biomass are compatible 1 part of 5 parts of agent, 2 parts of coupling agent, 2 parts of lubricant and antioxidant.
A kind of 4. ABS/ biomass composites according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the high melting means of the low melting point Resin is linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE) (LDPE), high density polyethylene (HDPE) (HDPE), polypropylene (PP), one kind in polystyrene (PS) or wherein several mixing.
5. a kind of ABS/ biomass composites according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the biomass for bamboo powder, Powdered rice hulls, Poplar Powder, one kind in roble powder or wherein several mixing, mesh number are 100-300 mesh.
6. a kind of ABS/ biomass composites according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the compatilizer is Malaysia Acid anhydrides grafted ABS, Maleic anhydride-containg polyethylene, maleic anhydride-g-SBS, maleic anhydride-acrylonitrile-styrene ternary polymerization Object, one kind in glycidyl acrylate grafting SBS or wherein several mixing.
7. a kind of ABS/ biomass composites according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the coupling agent is silane Coupling agent KH-550.
8. a kind of ABS/ biomass composites according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lubricant for white oil, EBS, one kind in low molecular weight AS or wherein several mixing.
9. a kind of preparation method of ABS/ biomass composites as described in claim 1-8 any one, it is characterised in that The preparation method carries out in the steps below:
Biomass and coupling agent are added in into high-speed mixer and mixing 5-20 minutes;Add the high melting means tree of ABS, compatilizer, low melting point Fat, lubricant and antioxidant mix 1-10 minutes;Then extruding pelletization again, the technological parameter of extruder:One area's temperature control exists 160-180 DEG C, two areas temperature controls in 170-190 DEG C, the temperature control of 3rd area in 185-195 DEG C, 4th area to tenth area temperature control It it is 160-200 DEG C, screw speed 180-280r/min in 185-200 DEG C of extrusion temperature, feeding frequency is 10-20Hz.
CN201711444369.1A 2017-12-27 2017-12-27 A kind of ABS/ biomass composites and preparation method thereof Pending CN108164915A (en)

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Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101921491A (en) * 2010-08-23 2010-12-22 东莞市启原实业有限公司 Wood plastic composite material

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101921491A (en) * 2010-08-23 2010-12-22 东莞市启原实业有限公司 Wood plastic composite material

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Application publication date: 20180615