CN108163150A - Self-locking connecting device and its application in unmanned boat recycling is laid - Google Patents

Self-locking connecting device and its application in unmanned boat recycling is laid Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108163150A
CN108163150A CN201711429896.5A CN201711429896A CN108163150A CN 108163150 A CN108163150 A CN 108163150A CN 201711429896 A CN201711429896 A CN 201711429896A CN 108163150 A CN108163150 A CN 108163150A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
locking
self
connector
cone boss
locating slot
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711429896.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108163150B (en
Inventor
陈熙源
马振
杨萍
邵鑫
方琳
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东南大学
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Application filed by 东南大学 filed Critical 东南大学
Priority to CN201711429896.5A priority Critical patent/CN108163150B/en
Publication of CN108163150A publication Critical patent/CN108163150A/en
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Publication of CN108163150B publication Critical patent/CN108163150B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B23/00Equipment for handling lifeboats or the like

Abstract

The present invention discloses self-locking connecting device, including the first connector, the second connector and rocking bar detent mechanism;First connector includes cone boss and locating slot, and cone boss side wall is equipped with card hole;Second connector is equipped with the conical socket being adapted to cone boss and the positioning pin being adapted to locating slot;Rocking bar detent mechanism includes straight line pole and camber line bar;When cone boss is inserted into conical socket, cone boss squeezes straight line pole, and rocking bar detent mechanism is swung so that camber line bar is inserted into the card hole, and positioning pin is inserted into locating slot, this is the locking state of self-locking connecting device;When positioning pin detaches locating slot, and cone boss detaches conical socket, camber line bar is detached with location hole, is the open state of self-locking connecting device.The self-locking connecting device of the present invention is simple to operate, low to the technical ability and environmental requirement of staff, it can be achieved that the quick and precisely locking of device to be locked, and the method that unlocks is simple, versatile.

Description

Self-locking connecting device and its application in unmanned boat recycling is laid

Technical field

The present invention relates to locking devices, and in particular to a kind of self-locking connecting device and its answering in unmanned boat recycling is laid With.

Background technology

In recent years, as the development of marine resources field of detecting and country are to the pay attention to day by day of marine site range, the water surface nobody Ship is just becoming the unmanned equipment in important ocean, can be by carrying different equipment, extensively using various tasks waterborne, such as seashore Line patrol, coastal waters defence, harbor patrol, warship convoy, environmental monitoring etc..With the growing and unmanned boat field of science and technology Interior correlative study, following unmanned boat will have and more be widely applied.

At present, in the folding and unfolding mode of unmanned surface vehicle, mainly there are boat davit formula, bracket type and chute type, these folding and unfoldings Though mode technically comparative maturity, folding and unfolding operating environment is required it is higher, can not on the sea of sea situation complexity Normal operation there are certain risk, can not embody the ability that task is performed under unmanned surface vehicle some particular surroundings, to nobody The performance of ship can cause very big influence.Moreover, existing retractable equipment is bulky, for discharging the lash ship of unmanned surface vehicle Structure, design have certain requirement, and operate complex, link is more in operation sequence and is susceptible to problem And failure, the normal work of lash ship can be largely influenced, delays job task progress.

Invention content

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of self-locking connecting devices, determine including the first connector, the second connector and rocking bar Position mechanism;First connector includes cone boss and locating slot, and cone boss side wall is equipped with card hole;Second connector be equipped with The conical socket of cone boss adaptation and the positioning pin being adapted to locating slot;Rocking bar detent mechanism includes straight line pole and camber line bar, And the intersection point by including straight line pole and camber line bar is swingably fixed in the second connector;When cone boss insertion taper is recessed During slot, cone boss squeezes straight line pole, and rocking bar detent mechanism is swung so that camber line bar is inserted into the card hole, and positioning pin is inserted into positioning Slot, this is the locking state of self-locking connecting device;When positioning pin detaches locating slot, and cone boss detaches conical socket, rocking bar Detent mechanism, which is swung, causes camber line bar to be detached with location hole, is the open state of self-locking connecting device.

Locating slot may be provided on the cone boss side wall of the first connector, and it is fixed also can in addition to be set on the first connector Position protrusion, makes locating slot be arranged on positioning protrusion side wall.Preferably, positioning protrusion, convex are further included on the first connector The annular protrusion to be set around cone boss is played, locating slot is recessed to be set on the side wall of positioning protrusion outer ring around cone boss Slot, integrally in a ring, accordingly even when the first connector is looped or rotated, the cone boss of the first connector during declining After being aligned with the conical socket of the second connector, positioning pin can enter directly into locating slot.

Locating slot can be arbitrarily can fixed locating stud shape, such as square groove, semi-circular groove, wedge groove etc.;Due to first There may be positioning pin and locating slots during connector and the locking of the second connector to misplace, and blocks the phenomenon that leading to misalignment, Will result in this way can not normally realize locking or the unlocking function of self-locking connecting device, it is contemplated that wedge-shaped is painstaking big, uses Wedge groove conveniently can be such that positioning pin is mutually located with locating slot, therefore locating slot is preferably made to be wedge groove.

Second connector is hollow structure, it is preferable that the second connector side wall is cylinder, and positioning pin is fixed on the second company On fitting side wall, the quantity of positioning pin can be configured according to the size of self-locking connecting device, and positioning pin is preferably with respect to taper Groove is symmetrical arranged.

Self-locking connecting device can control positioning pin to stretch by known means, it is preferable that self-locking connecting device passes through liquid Pressure catch bar control positioning pin is inserted into or detaches locating slot.

In order to facilitate self-locking connecting device and treat that lock construction is connected with each other, make self-locking connecting device further include be fixed on it is described Hanging ring on first connector.

Conical socket lower surface is provided with elastic piece, when cone boss is inserted into the conical socket, cone boss following table Face, which squeezes elastic piece, leads to elastic piece deformation, and elastic piece is pressed further by straight line pole, and control rocking bar detent mechanism is swung.

Another aspect of the present invention provides application of the above-mentioned self-locking connecting device in unmanned boat recycling is laid.When self-locking connects Device is applied when during unmanned boat recycling is laid, and the second connector can be embeddedly mounted on unmanned boat.

The present invention operation principle be:It, can be respectively by different device and self-locking when needing to realize the locking of different device The first connector and the second connector of attachment device are connected, and the cone boss of the first connector is inserted into the cone of the second connector In connected in star, during conical socket is inserted into, the lower surface of cone boss contacts and is pressed down against rocking bar determines cone boss The straight line pole of position mechanism, so as to which rocking bar detent mechanism be driven to swing, when cone boss is fully inserted into conical socket, rocking bar is fixed The camber line bar of position mechanism is inserted into just in the wedge-shaped locating slot of cone boss, realizes preliminary self-locking, further, controls positioning pin Locating slot is inserted into, self-locking connecting device is in locking state at this time, so as to fulfill the locking of different different devices.When needing to release During lock-out state between different device, control positioning pin is detached from locating slot, and cone boss then is detached conical socket, is shaken The straight line pole of bar detent mechanism is no longer influenced by the extruding of cone boss, and rocking bar detent mechanism, which is swung, restores home position, moves at this time The camber line bar of rocking bar detent mechanism is detached from location hole, and self-locking connecting device becomes open state, is locked so as to fulfill between same device Determine the releasing of state.

Advantageous effect:The self-locking connecting device of the present invention is simple to operate, and the technical ability and environment to staff will Ask low, it can be achieved that the quick and precisely locking of device to be locked, and the method that unlocks is simple, it is versatile.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 self-locking connecting device monnolithic case schematic diagrames;

Fig. 2 the first connector stereoscopic schematic diagrams;

Fig. 3 the first connector full sectional views;

Fig. 4 self-locking connecting device overall structure diagrammatic cross-sections.

Specific embodiment

Fig. 1~4 are the preferred embodiment of the present invention.As shown in figures 1-4, self-locking connecting device includes the first connector 1st, the second connector 2, rocking bar detent mechanism 3 and the hanging ring 12 for being fixed on 1 top of the first connector.

First connector 1 includes tablet, cone boss 4, the annular protrusion 11 around cone boss 4, and cone boss 4 is fixed At plate center, cone boss 4 and annular protrusion 11 are extended downwardly from tablet lower surface.4 side wall of cone boss is equipped with card Hole 6, card hole 6 is continuously distributed in a ring around cone boss 4, and card hole 6 Open Side Down tilt.It is provided on 11 side wall of annular protrusion Wedge-shaped locating slot 5.Preferably, the tablet upper surface of the first connector 1 is fixedly connected with hanging ring 12, can pass through the realization pair of hanging ring 12 First connector 1 being sling and laying.

Second connector 2 be hollow structure, the conical socket 7 being adapted to equipped with the cone boss 4 with the first connector 1 and with The positioning pin 8 that locating slot 5 is adapted to.It conical socket 7 and cone boss and is adapted to and refers to conical socket 7 and 4 size of cone boss, shape Shape is identical, can mutually coincide;Positioning pin 8 is adapted to locating slot 5 refers to that positioning pin 8 may be inserted into locating slot 5 and fix first Connector 1.Second connector, 2 side wall is cylinder, and positioning pin 8 is symmetricly set on 2 side of the second connector relative to conical socket 7 On wall.Preferably, 8 quantity of positioning pin is 4, is 90 ° per two neighboring 8 angle of positioning pin, the wedge-shaped opening of positioning pin 8 enters , it can be achieved that the positioning and fixation of the first connector 1 in locating slot 5.Preferably, 7 lower surface of conical socket is provided with elastic piece 13, When cone boss 4 is inserted into conical socket 7,4 lower surface of cone boss squeezes elastic piece 13, and elastic piece 13 is pressed down against straight line pole 9, elastic piece 13 can be swung by Deformation control rocking bar detent mechanism 3.7 side wall of conical socket is provided with slitting corresponding to card hole 6 Mouth 15.

Self-locking connecting device can control positioning pin 8 flexible by known means, it is preferable that self-locking connecting device passes through liquid Pressure catch bar control positioning pin 8 is inserted into or detaches locating slot.

Rocking bar detent mechanism 3 is located at the inside of the second connector 2, including straight line pole 9 and camber line bar 10, straight line pole 9 and arc 10 relative position of line bar is fixed, and rocking bar detent mechanism 3 is swingably fixed on by the tie point of straight line pole 9 and camber line bar 10 On the pedestal 14 of two connectors 2.Preferably, rocking bar detent mechanism 3 is arranged symmetrically 2 relative to conical socket 7.

When need realize different device locking when, can respectively by different device to be locked respectively with self-locking connecting device The first connector 1 be connected with the second connector 2, the cone boss 4 of the first connector 1 is inserted into the taper of the second connector 2 In groove 7, for cone boss 4 during conical socket 7 is inserted into, lower surface is directly or indirectly pressed down against rocking bar detent mechanism 3 straight line pole 9, so as to which rocking bar detent mechanism 3 be driven to swing, when cone boss 4 is fully inserted into conical socket 7, rocking bar is fixed The camber line bar 10 of position mechanism is inserted into the card hole 6 of cone boss 4 just, realizes preliminary self-locking, further, controls positioning pin 8 Wedge-shaped locating slot 5 is inserted into, self-locking connecting device is in locking state at this time, so as to fulfill the locking of different different devices.When need When releasing the lock-out state between different device, control positioning pin 8 is detached from wedge-shaped locating slot 5, then takes out cone boss 4 From conical socket 7, the straight line pole 9 of rocking bar detent mechanism 3 is no longer influenced by the extruding of cone boss 4, and rocking bar detent mechanism 9 swings extensive Multiple home position, the camber line bar 10 for shaking bar detent mechanism 9 at this time are detached from card hole 6, and self-locking connecting device becomes open state, So as to fulfill the releasing of lock-out state between different device.

Self-locking connecting device is to realize the in the first connector 1 by positioning pin 8 and 3 collective effect of rocking bar detent mechanism The fixation and locking of 1 and second connector 2 of a connection piece, so as to fulfill the locking of self-locking connecting device.

Self-locking connecting device can be applicable to unmanned boat recycling and lay, and specifically, unmanned boat recycling lays middle self-locking connection The use process of device is as follows:

In unmanned boat removal process, suspention equipment first is hanged the cone boss 4 of the first connector 1 by connecting hanging ring 12 The 7 top vicinity of conical socket of the second connector 2 is hung to, it is by the visual observation of operating personnel, the first connector 1 is slow Fall, make the cone boss 4 of the first connector 1 slowly into the conical socket 7 of the second connector 2, when cone boss 4 after When being pressed onto elastic piece 13 during continuous decline, elastic piece 13 acts on the straight line pole 9 of rocking bar detent mechanism 3, rocking bar localization machine Structure 3 is swung, and camber line bar 10 slowly by the gap 15 of 2 conical socket of the second connector, 7 side wall and enters the first connector 1 4 side wall of cone boss card hole 6, realize auto lock, then control switch control positioning pin 8 is inserted into wedge-shaped locating slot 5, real The positioning and locking of existing first connector 1 and the second connector 2 is pulled up finally by suspention equipment, unmanned boat is recycled to On lash ship.

The process that lays of unmanned boat is then connect with removal process on the contrary, the first connector 1 first is placed in second on lash ship Fixed in part 2, rocking bar detent mechanism 3 is locked, and positioning pin 8 is placed in locating slot 5, and unmanned boat is put in the water surface by Suspenoing apparatus On, then by the way that switch is controlled to leave locating slot 5, Suspenoing apparatus is slowly promoted positioning pin 8, and the first connector 1 is slowly transported upwards It is dynamic, while elastic piece 13 replys reset condition and the camber line bar 10 of rocking bar detent mechanism 3 is left at gap 15, the first connector 1 is detached from the second connector 2, lays process completion.

First connector 1 connects hanging ring 12 by suspension apparatus and suspends in mid air, and slowly declines in suspension apparatus In the process, the first connector 1 is there are amplitude of fluctuation, but the amplitude of oscillation is little;Second connector 2 is fixed on unmanned boat, due to nothing People's ship on the water surface as the water surface is constantly swung, and put direction have uncertainty.The boss of first connector 1 is set as The gradually smaller cone boss of diameter from top to bottom, it is big that the groove of the second connector 2 is also configured to shape similary with cone boss Small cone boss can make the boss of the first connector 1 be easily aligned the groove being adapted to boss into the second connector 2 In so that self-locking connecting device structure design of the invention simplifies as far as possible, without too many manual operation.

Apparatus of the present invention can realize the quickly retracting of unmanned boat across the sea, unmanned boat be carried out under high sea situation quick Folding and unfolding, whole process simple flow require staff's technology low, reliability height.

Though the non-applicable all spectra of limit self-locking connecting device of embodiment, those skilled in the art will envision that , on the basis of published above-mentioned implementation, only in conjunction with the profession of itself attempt that it can be obtained in a similar manner The application process of self-locking connecting device is without making the creative labor in his same or similar field.Herein since length has Limit, only enumerates representative embodiment.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of self-locking connecting device, which is characterized in that including the first connector (1), the second connector (2) and rocking bar localization machine Structure (3);First connector includes cone boss (4) and locating slot (5), and cone boss (4) side wall is equipped with card hole (6);Second connector (2) equipped with the conical socket (7) being adapted to the cone boss (4) and with the locating slot (5) The positioning pin (8) of adaptation;The rocking bar detent mechanism (3) includes straight line pole (9) and camber line bar (10), and by including straight line pole (9) it is swingably fixed in second connector (2) with the intersection point of camber line bar (10);When the cone boss (4) is inserted into During conical socket (7), the cone boss (4) squeezes the straight line pole (9) so that rocking bar detent mechanism (3) pendulum Dynamic, the camber line bar (10) is inserted into the card hole (6), the positioning pin (8) is inserted into the locating slot (5), this connects for self-locking The locking state of connection device;When the positioning pin (8) detaches the locating slot (5), the cone boss (4) detaches the taper During groove (7), the camber line bar (10) detaches from the card hole (6), is the open state of self-locking connecting device.
2. self-locking connecting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first connector (1), which further includes, to be surrounded The annular protrusion (11) of cone boss (4) setting, the locating slot (5) are circumferentially positioned at the annular protrusion (11) side wall On.
3. self-locking connecting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the locating slot (5) is wedge groove.
4. self-locking connecting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the positioning pin (8) is fixed on described second On connector (2) side wall, and the positioning pin (8) is symmetrical arranged relative to the conical socket.
5. self-locking connecting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the self-locking connecting device passes through hydraulic drive Bar controls the positioning pin (8) to be inserted into or detach the locating slot (5).
6. self-locking connecting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the self-locking connecting device, which further includes, to be fixed on Hanging ring (12) on first connector.
7. self-locking connecting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that conical socket (7) lower surface is provided with Elastic piece (13).
8. application of the self-locking connecting device in unmanned boat recycling is laid in claim 1~7 described in any one.
CN201711429896.5A 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Self-locking connecting device and its application in unmanned boat recycling is laid CN108163150B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711429896.5A CN108163150B (en) 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Self-locking connecting device and its application in unmanned boat recycling is laid

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711429896.5A CN108163150B (en) 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 Self-locking connecting device and its application in unmanned boat recycling is laid

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CN108163150A true CN108163150A (en) 2018-06-15
CN108163150B CN108163150B (en) 2019-06-18

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007160955A (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-06-28 Kayaba System Machinery Kk Hook device and boat lifting device
US7530613B2 (en) * 2006-02-15 2009-05-12 Agency For Defense Development Apparatus for connecting and disconnecting two objects
CN102381442A (en) * 2010-09-01 2012-03-21 蓬莱琴海舰船设备有限公司 Quick unhooking device for crane
CN202381479U (en) * 2011-11-27 2012-08-15 河南机电高等专科学校 Connecting piece capable of being quickly assembled and disassembled
CN103010407A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-03 江阴市北海救生设备有限公司 High-speed rescue boat lowering device
CN103748367A (en) * 2011-07-27 2014-04-23 伯尔霍夫连接技术有限公司 Plug-in coupling and method for the production thereof
CN104314945A (en) * 2014-08-26 2015-01-28 中国直升机设计研究所 Anti-looseness quick-releasing lock
CN104903187A (en) * 2013-01-04 2015-09-09 哈尔肯有限公司 Hoisting system and accompanying connector catch assembly
CN105711749A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-29 青岛远创机器人自动化有限公司 Unmanned surface vehicle laying and retrieving method
CN106314691A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-01-11 青岛远创机器人自动化有限公司 Unmanned-water-surface-aircraft deploying and recovering method

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007160955A (en) * 2005-12-09 2007-06-28 Kayaba System Machinery Kk Hook device and boat lifting device
US7530613B2 (en) * 2006-02-15 2009-05-12 Agency For Defense Development Apparatus for connecting and disconnecting two objects
CN102381442A (en) * 2010-09-01 2012-03-21 蓬莱琴海舰船设备有限公司 Quick unhooking device for crane
CN103748367A (en) * 2011-07-27 2014-04-23 伯尔霍夫连接技术有限公司 Plug-in coupling and method for the production thereof
CN202381479U (en) * 2011-11-27 2012-08-15 河南机电高等专科学校 Connecting piece capable of being quickly assembled and disassembled
CN103010407A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-03 江阴市北海救生设备有限公司 High-speed rescue boat lowering device
CN104903187A (en) * 2013-01-04 2015-09-09 哈尔肯有限公司 Hoisting system and accompanying connector catch assembly
CN104314945A (en) * 2014-08-26 2015-01-28 中国直升机设计研究所 Anti-looseness quick-releasing lock
CN105711749A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-29 青岛远创机器人自动化有限公司 Unmanned surface vehicle laying and retrieving method
CN106314691A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-01-11 青岛远创机器人自动化有限公司 Unmanned-water-surface-aircraft deploying and recovering method

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