CN108161425A - A kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device - Google Patents

A kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108161425A
CN108161425A CN201711469214.3A CN201711469214A CN108161425A CN 108161425 A CN108161425 A CN 108161425A CN 201711469214 A CN201711469214 A CN 201711469214A CN 108161425 A CN108161425 A CN 108161425A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screw
lock
bottle opener
hole
piston cylinder
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Granted
Application number
CN201711469214.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108161425B (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
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The dynamo-electric Co., Ltd in wild island, Leqing
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王建林
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Priority to CN201711469214.3A priority Critical patent/CN108161425B/en
Publication of CN108161425A publication Critical patent/CN108161425A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108161425B publication Critical patent/CN108161425B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts
    • B23P19/06Screw or nut setting or loosening machines
    • B23P19/069Multi-spindle machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device, including pedestal input line, pedestal output line, the first lock screw circular route and the second lock screw circular route;The initiating terminal of first lock screw circular route is docked with pedestal input line, and the end of the first lock screw circular route is docked by pedestal transfer device with the initiating terminal of the second lock screw circular route, and the end of the second lock screw circular route is docked with pedestal output line;The side of first lock screw circular route is provided with multiple first screw feeding mechanisms, and opposite side is provided with multiple first automatic locking screw machine structures;The side of second lock screw circular route sets multiple second screw feeding mechanisms, and opposite side is provided with multiple second automatic locking screw machine structures.The present invention can lock the machine dental strip plain cushion of breaker of plastic casing pedestal different location and the combined screw of spring washer automatically, disposably lock automatically, and it is 100% to lock success rate, high degree of automation, whole to be participated in without manually excessive, greatly increase the production efficiency.

Description

A kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device
Technical field
The invention belongs to breaker of plastic casing screw mounting device technical fields, and in particular to a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal is certainly Dynamic lock screw device.
Background technology
It is the most important approach for improving production efficiency for the combined screw with plain cushion and spring washer, but is realizing certainly Sizable difficulties and problems are encountered on the road of dynamicization;The conductive system of end of incoming cables is assembled on breaker of plastic casing pedestal at present System, intermediate stand, the other end static contact system need combined screw lock using 6 row, 60 machine dental strip plain cushions and spring washer Attached fixation, screw specification is more, and 7 to 8 people is needed to manually complete, and when carrying out terminal plate lock screw, worker not only wants hand Electric screwdriver or gas batch are held, also by base turning, screw is put into after screw hole and carries out locking operation again.Obviously, such operation More cumbersome and inefficiency;When using uniaxial screw fixing machine, screw sub-material is slow, and electric screwdriver or gas batch are needed in multiple screws Hole interdigit moves repeatedly operation, this for screw it is more, need the product of different size screw for, low production efficiency, manpower It is of high cost.
At present in automatic lock screw industry, due to itself (triangle), easily alignment looks for rotation direction etc. excellent to tapping screw Point, in industry generally realize automation, but for machine dental strip plain cushion and spring washer combined screw at present since itself is Tack and technical limitation do not have the application of the case study on implementation for realizing full-automatic lock screw and patent also through retrieving at present; Mainly (length is less than 25mm to the combined screw of the machine dental strip plain cushion and spring washer, and length-width ratio is less than 1.3, and this patent is implemented The feature of object) do not meet the length of automatic charging and the technology restriction of length-width ratio, it is impossible to realize the automatic charging not got stuck; It locks by hand since machine tooth screw and the diameter for the threaded hole for locking product are inconsistent, rotation direction has error inconsistent, and lock differs Cause causes to lock needs by hand and repeatedly lock just succeed, and once locks mortality automatically as 30%-80%, can not realize secondary Automatically it locks, can not mainly lock, not tight locks the problems such as not in place.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device, to overcome prior art breaker of plastic casing bottom The problem of seat lock screw the degree of automation is low, working efficiency is low and lock screw mortality is high.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device, including:Pedestal input line, pedestal output line, the first lock spiral shell Silk circular route, the second lock screw circular route and pedestal transfer device;The initiating terminal and pedestal input line of first lock screw circular route Docking, the end of the first lock screw circular route are docked by pedestal transfer device with the initiating terminal of the second lock screw circular route, the It is docked with pedestal output line the end of two lock screw circular routes;The side of first lock screw circular route is provided with multiple first screws Feeding machanism, opposite side are provided with multiple first automatic locking screw machine structures;The side setting multiple the of second lock screw circular route Two-screw feeding machanism, opposite side are provided with multiple second automatic locking screw machine structures;First lock screw circular route includes the first ring Shape chain and multiple first positioning fixtures, multiple first positioning fixtures are uniformly fixed on first annular chain;Second lock spiral shell Silk circular route includes the second ring chain and multiple second positioning fixtures, and multiple second positioning fixtures are uniformly fixed on the second ring On shape chain;
Wherein, the first automatic locking screw machine structure is locked including third single-piston cylinder, the 4th single-piston cylinder, multiple first Mechanism, multiple first screw collets and supporting rack;Support frame as described above include more first slide bars, pedestal, the first upper backup pad and First lower supporting plate;More first slide bars are fixed on pedestal, and the top of every first slide bar is provided with double ball bearing, under Portion is provided with lower double ball bearing;Top plate is fixed at the top of more first slide bars, third single-piston cylinder is arranged on top plate; Upper double ball bearing is fixedly connected with the first upper backup pad, and the piston rod of third single-piston cylinder is connect with the first upper backup pad; More first slide bars are fixedly arranged in the middle of crossbearer, and the 4th single-piston cylinder is arranged on crossbearer;Under lower double ball bearing and first Support plate is fixedly connected, and the piston rod of the 4th single-piston cylinder is connect with the first lower supporting plate;First lock adhering mechanism includes first Electric screwdriver, transmission mechanism and the first bottle opener;First electric screwdriver passes through the first upper backup pad, and is stuck on the first upper backup pad;Driver Structure includes the first universal joint, telescopic shaft, the first axle sleeve, connecting rod, the second universal joint and the second axle sleeve, and the rotary shaft of the first electric screwdriver is led to The upper end for crossing the first universal joint and telescopic shaft connects, and the lower end of telescopic shaft is inserted in the first axle sleeve, and first axle, which is put on, is provided with the One kidney slot, the first axis pin pass through telescopic shaft lower end and the first kidney slot;Telescopic shaft between first universal joint and the first axle sleeve On be cased with the first spring;First axle sleeve lower end is fixed with connecting rod, and the lower end of connecting rod passes through the second universal joint and the second axle sleeve upper end Connection, the second axle sleeve pass through the first lower supporting plate, sliding sleeve are provided between the second axle sleeve and the first lower supporting plate, sliding sleeve is fixed on On first lower supporting plate, the top of the first bottle opener is located in the second axle sleeve, and the second kidney slot, the second pin are provided on the second axle sleeve Axis passes through the shank of the second kidney slot and the first bottle opener, the first screwdriver rod portion between the first bottle opener shank and the second axle sleeve bottom On be cased with second spring, and the second axis pin is located at the lower section of the first lower supporting plate;Third axis pin passes through the bar portion of the first bottle opener, the Three axis pins are located at the lower section of the second axle sleeve, and third axis pin is against the lower surface of the second axle sleeve;Second axis pin and third axis pin are in " ten " character form structure;First lower supporting plate lower surface is further fixed on fixed plate, and multiple first screw collets are fixed in fixed plate.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, the present invention can lock the machine dental strip plain cushion of breaker of plastic casing pedestal different location and the group of spring washer automatically Screw is closed, is disposably locked automatically, it is 100% to lock success rate, high degree of automation, alternative craft lock screw, whole It is participated in without manually excessive, it is easy to operate, it greatly increases the production efficiency.
2nd, automatic locking screw machine structure of the present invention devises multiaxis and locks according to the arrangement position that hole is locked on circuit breaker base Mechanism;First automatic locking screw machine structure and the second automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention, using the transmission mechanism and energy for having universal joint Make the screw collet of screw automatic capturing, screw automatic alignment can be made to lock hole, the automatic rotary torsion for increasing bottle opener, automatically Lock screw;Overcome screw and threaded hole lock, diameter and rotation direction is inconsistent, torsion be not achieved meet obstructions caused by it is difficult Successfully to lock the industry problems paid, and it is more accurate to lock screw, and the probability for occurring locking failure substantially reduces;
3rd, in the use of the present invention, only needing by screw placement in screw feeding mechanism, then screw will pass through screw point Screw is delivered to screw collet by material mechanism distribution multichannel, and screw collet is under the action of lock adhering mechanism, by screw locking in modeling It is whole to be participated in without manually excessive on case circuit breaker pedestal, so as to simplify operating process, greatly increase the production efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram that breaker of plastic casing pedestal of the present invention locks screw process units automatically.
Fig. 2 is the integrally-built left view that breaker of plastic casing pedestal of the present invention locks screw process units automatically.
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram that the present invention first locks screw circular route.
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of the first positioning fixture of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram that the present invention second locks screw circular route.
Fig. 6 is the structure diagram of the second positioning fixture of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the structure diagram of screw feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of tripper in screw feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structure diagram of expeller in screw feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the knot of first pipe in screw feeding mechanism of the present invention, second pipe, third pipeline, four-way and T-block Structure schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is the structure diagram of the first automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention.
Figure 12 be supporting rack in first automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention, third single-piston cylinder, upper double ball bearing and The structure diagram of lower double ball bearing.
Figure 13 is the structure diagram of telescopic rod and the first axle sleeve in the first automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention.
Figure 14 is the structure of the first lower supporting plate, the second axle sleeve and the first bottle opener in the first automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention Schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is the structure diagram of the first screw collet of the invention.
Figure 16 is the A-A sectional views of Figure 15.
Figure 17 is the structure diagram of screw correcting member in the first screw collet of the invention.
Figure 18 is the structure diagram of screw locating part in the first screw collet of the invention.
Figure 19 is the structural representation that screw correcting member and screw locating part are assembled together in the first screw collet of the invention Figure.
Figure 20 is the vertical view of Figure 19.
Figure 21 is the structure diagram of the second automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention.
Figure 22 is another structure diagram of the second automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention.
Figure 23 is the 6th single-piston cylinder in the second automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention, frame, 7 font hanging plates, the second lock The structure diagram that random structure and the second screw collet are assembled together.
Figure 24 is the structure that 6th single-piston cylinder and frame are assembled together in the second automatic locking screw machine structure of the invention Schematic diagram.
Figure 25 is the structure diagram of switching mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 26 is the structure diagram of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestals.
Figure 27 is the structure diagram of breaker of plastic casing pedestal upper bed-plate hole and part product upper screwed hole.
Specific embodiment
A kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device provided by the invention, it is therefore an objective to by breaker of plastic casing pedestal and The part product being assemblied on breaker of plastic casing pedestal is locked by screw is fixed together the two, and part product is to be assemblied in In the pole slot of breaker of plastic casing pedestal, the part product of assembling has static contact, conducting system, rack, thermal element and double gold portions Part.
Multiple base holes 15 are provided on breaker of plastic casing pedestal, multiple threaded holes 12, pedestal are provided on part product Hole 15 is equal with the number of threaded hole 12, and the two corresponds, and base holes 15 are overlapped with the central axes of threaded hole 12, base holes 15 Hole is locked with the perforation composition of threaded hole 12.As shown in figure 27, base holes 15 are made of counterbore 1501 and via 1502, the two phase Logical, the central axes of counterbore 1501 and via 1502 overlap.Threaded hole 12 is made of interior oblique threaded hole 1201 and straight thread hole 1202, The two communicates, and the central axes of interior oblique threaded hole 1201 are overlapped with the central axes in straight thread hole 1202.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present invention provides a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device, including:Pedestal is defeated Enter line 1, pedestal output line 2, first locks screw circular route 4, second and locks screw circular route 3 and pedestal transfer device 5.First lock spiral shell The initiating terminal of silk circular route 4 is docked with pedestal input line 1, the end of the first lock screw circular route 4 by pedestal transfer device 5 and The initiating terminal docking of second lock screw circular route 3, the end of the second lock screw circular route 3 are docked with pedestal output line 2.First lock The side of screw circular route 4 is provided with multiple first screw feeding mechanisms 6, and opposite side is provided with multiple first automatic locking screw machines Structure 7, the number of the first screw feeding mechanism 6 is equal with the number of the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7, a first screw feeding machine Structure 6 corresponds to a first automatic locking screw machine structure 7;The side of second lock screw circular route 3 sets multiple second screw feeding machines (structure of the second screw feeding mechanism and the structure of the first screw feeding mechanism 6 are essentially the same, do not draw in fig. 1 and 2 for structure Go out), opposite side is provided with multiple second automatic locking screw machine structures 9, the number of the second screw feeding mechanism and the second automatic lock spiral shell The number of silk mechanism 9 is equal, and second screw feeding mechanism corresponds to a second automatic locking screw machine structure 9.
As shown in figure 3, the first lock screw circular route 4 includes first annular chain 41 and multiple first positioning fixtures 42, it is more A first positioning fixture 42 is uniformly fixed on first annular chain 41;First annular chain 41 is wound on two first gears 43 On, motor drive first gear 43 rotates drives first annular chain 41 to rotate afterwards.
As shown in figure 5, the second lock screw circular route 3 includes the second ring chain 31 and multiple second positioning fixtures 32, it is more A second positioning fixture 32 is uniformly fixed on the second ring chain 31;Second ring chain 31 is wound on two second gears 33 On, motor drive second gear 33 rotates drives the second ring chain 31 to rotate afterwards.
As shown in fig. 7, the first screw feeding mechanism 6 includes vibration plate 601, straight shake 602 and tripper 603;As shown in figure 8, Tripper 603 includes rack 616, the first single-piston cylinder 604, the second single-piston cylinder 605, U-type groove frame 606, expeller 607th, T-block 608 and Duo Gen first pipes 609;First single-piston cylinder 604, the second single-piston cylinder 605 and U-type groove frame 606 It is arranged in rack 616;U-type groove frame 606 is made of the first side wall, second sidewall and bottom wall, the first side wall and second sidewall phase To setting, it is provided with multiple straight trough mouths 612 on the first side wall, the first side wall 602 is connect with straight shake, and 606 bottom wall of U-type groove frame is set There are multiple first through hole and the baffle that can be translated;Expeller 607 is in U-type groove frame 606, as shown in figure 9, expeller 607 On be provided with multiple grooves 613, and expeller 607 is sealing surface close to the one side of 606 second sidewall of U-type groove frame;First is single living The piston rod of piston cylinder 604 is connect with expeller 607;The lower section of U-type groove frame 606 is provided with more first pipes 609, every first The upper end of pipeline 609 is connected with a first through hole, and there are one four-ways 614 for the lower end connection of every first pipe 609;Such as Shown in Figure 10, the first port of four-way 614 is connect with the lower end of first pipe 609, second port and the rear end of second pipe 610 Connection, third port are connect with the rear end of third pipeline 611;Multiple blockings 615 are provided in T-block 608, each block 615 Plug is in the 4th port of a four-way 614;The piston rod of second single-piston cylinder 605 is connect with T-block 608;Wherein, straight trough The number of mouth 612, the number of first through hole, the number of first pipe 609, the number of four-way 614, blocks the number of groove 613 615 number is equal, is all N number of;The front end of second pipe 610 and the screw charging port 1302 of the first screw collet 13 connect It connects, a second pipe 610 corresponds to a first screw collet 13;The front end of third pipeline 611 and the inflatable mouth of solenoid valve connect It connects.
The original state of tripper 603 is:Groove 613 on expeller 607 and the straight trough mouth 612 1 on U-type groove frame 606 One docking, multiple first through hole of 606 bottom wall of U-type groove frame are blocked by baffle, and the blocking 615 in T-block 608 gets lodged in four-way 614 The 4th port in.The operation principle of first screw feeding mechanism 6 is:Several screws 10 are placed in vibration plate 601, vibration plate 601 rotations make all 10 ordered arrangements of screw, and screw 10 602 is transported at the first side wall of U-type groove frame 606 by directly shaking, Several screws 10 are divided into multichannel on 602 in an orderly manner in straight shake, and screw 10 corresponds to a straight trough mouth 612 all the way;Screw 10 passes through Straight trough mouth 612 enters in groove 613, and a screw 10 can only be accommodated in each groove 613;Then the first single-piston cylinder 604 Piston rod push expeller 607 mobile straight forward, until the groove 613 of expeller 607 is located at 606 bottom wall of U-type groove frame Right over first through hole, and multiple grooves 613 are corresponded with multiple first through hole, and first through hole is opened in then baffle translation, Screw 10 in groove 613 is fallen into from first through hole in first pipe 609;Since the blocking 615 in T-block 608 gets lodged in four-way In 614 the 4th port, screw 10 is blown into second pipe 610, and finally fall into the first screw by the air blowing of solenoid valve inflatable mouth In the screw charging port 1302 of collet 13.A screw 10 can only be accommodated in one the first screw collet 13, when a screw 10 are blown into the first screw collet 13, and the sensor in the first screw collet 13 can give one signal of controller, controller control The push rod for making the second single-piston cylinder 605 pushes up T-block 608, and the blocking 615 in T-block 608 is made to get lodged in the of four-way 614 In Single port, first pipe 609 is blocked, prevents more screws 10 from falling into the first screw collet 13 and the phenomenon that gets stuck occurs.
Second screw feeding mechanism and differing only in 6 structure of the first screw feeding mechanism:First screw feeding machine The number of straight trough mouth 612 of structure 6, the number of groove 613, the number of first through hole, the number of first pipe 609, four-way 614 Equal number, the number of blocking 615 are all N number of;The number of the straight trough mouth 612 of second screw feeding mechanism, the number of groove 613 Equal mesh, the number of first through hole, the number of first pipe 609, the number of four-way 614, the number of blocking 615 are all M;N Value is equal or unequal with M values.In addition to this, the other structures of the second screw feeding mechanism and the first screw feeding mechanism 6 are all It is the same, this will not be repeated here.
As shown in figure 11, the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 includes third single-piston cylinder 703, the 4th single-piston cylinder 707th, multiple first lock adhering mechanisms, multiple first screw collets 13 and supporting rack;Support frame as described above includes more first slide bars 701st, pedestal 724, the first upper backup pad 704 and the first lower supporting plate 706;As shown in figure 12, more first slide bars 701 are fixed on On pedestal 724, the top of every first slide bar 701 is provided with double ball bearing 722, and lower part is provided with lower double ball bearing 723;The top of more first slide bars 701 is fixed with top plate 702, and third single-piston cylinder 703 is arranged on top plate 702;It is upper double Ball bearing 722 is fixedly connected with the first upper backup pad 704, the piston rod and the first upper backup pad of third single-piston cylinder 703 704 connections;More first slide bars 701 are fixedly arranged in the middle of crossbearer 705, and the 4th single-piston cylinder 707 is arranged on crossbearer 705; Lower double ball bearing 723 is fixedly connected with the first lower supporting plate 706, the piston rod of the 4th single-piston cylinder 707 and first lower Fagging 706 connects;First lock adhering mechanism includes the first electric screwdriver 708, transmission mechanism and the first bottle opener 715;First electric screwdriver 708 Across the first upper backup pad 704, and it is stuck on the first upper backup pad 704;Transmission mechanism includes the first universal joint 709, telescopic shaft 713rd, the first axle sleeve 711, connecting rod 714, the second universal joint 710 and the second axle sleeve 712, the rotary shaft of the first electric screwdriver 708 pass through One universal joint 709 is connect with the upper end of telescopic shaft 713, and as shown in figure 13, the lower end of telescopic shaft 713 is inserted in the first axle sleeve 711, The first kidney slot 717 is provided on first axle sleeve 711, the first axis pin 716 passes through 713 lower end of telescopic shaft and the first kidney slot 717; The first spring 726 is cased on telescopic shaft 713 between first universal joint 709 and the first axle sleeve 711;First axle sleeve, 711 lower end is consolidated Surely there is connecting rod 714, the lower end of connecting rod 714 is connect by the second universal joint 710 with 712 upper end of the second axle sleeve, and the second axle sleeve 712 is worn The first lower supporting plate 706 is crossed, as shown in figure 14, sliding sleeve 718 is provided between the second axle sleeve 712 and the first lower supporting plate 706, it is sliding Set 718 is fixed on the first lower supporting plate 706, and the top of the first bottle opener 715 is located in the second axle sleeve 712, on the second axle sleeve 712 The second kidney slot 725 is provided with, the second axis pin 719 passes through the shank of the second kidney slot 725 and the first bottle opener 715, the first bottle opener Second spring 727, and the second axis pin 719 are cased in 715 bar portion of the first bottle opener between 712 bottom of 715 shanks and the second axle sleeve Positioned at the lower section of the first lower supporting plate 706;Third axis pin 720 passes through the bar portion of the first bottle opener 715, and third axis pin 720 is located at the The lower section of two axle sleeves 712, and third axis pin 720 is against the lower surface of the second axle sleeve 712;Second axis pin 719 and third axis pin 720 In " ten " character form structure;First lower supporting plate, 706 lower surface is further fixed on fixed plate 721, and multiple first screw collets 13 are fixed In fixed plate 721.
As shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16, the first screw collet 13 include housing 1301 and screw charging port 1302, screw into Material port 1302 is arranged on the side of housing 1301 and is communicated with 1301 inner cavity of housing;1301 upper end of housing is provided with the second through-hole 1303,1301 lower end of housing is provided with third through-hole 1304;Housing 1301 is internally provided with two screw locating parts 1305, two Screw correcting member 1306 and two the 4th axis pins 1313;As shown in figure 18, screw locating part 1305 is made of three sections of arcuate structures, Respectively:Superposed first straight section 1307, the oblique section 1308 positioned at centre and the second straight section 1309 positioned at lower part, and three Person is structure as a whole;As illustrated in figures 19 and 20, there are the first gaps between a side of two screw locating parts 1305 1310, leaving certain gaps uncovered by the economic plan 1311 between another side of two screw locating parts 1305, the notch 1311 and screw charging port 1302 in the same direction;As shown in figure 16, the second straight section 1309 of two screw locating parts 1305 is located at the third of 1301 lower end of housing and leads to In hole 1304, there are the second gap 1312 between 1304 inner wall of lateral surface and third through-hole of the second straight section 1309, and second is straight The 9th spring 1315 is connected between section 1304 inner wall of 1309 lateral surfaces and third through-hole;As shown in figure 17, screw correcting member 1306 be arcuate structure, and the medial surface of screw correcting member 1306 is curve slope;As shown in figure 16, two screw correcting members 1306 In being oppositely arranged, inside the first straight section 1307 of two screw locating parts 1305;As illustrated in figures 19 and 20, one the 4th Axis pin 1313 is also cross the first straight section 1307 and a screw correcting member 1306 of a screw locating part 1305, the 4th axis pin 1313 both ends are fixed on the inner wall of housing 1301;As shown in figure 16, screw correcting member 1306 and screw locating part 1305 The 8th spring 1314 is connected between first straight section 1307;Second straight section 1309 of two screw locating parts 1305 forms straight mouth Diameter;Two 1306 medial surfaces of screw correcting member form taper bore, and the lower end bore of taper bore is less than the upper end of taper bore Bore, the lower end bore of taper bore are less than the diameter at 10 top of screw.
The number of first lock adhering mechanism is equal with the number of the first screw collet 13, and first lock adhering mechanism corresponds to one First screw collet 13;The cutter head of one the first bottle opener 715 is directed at the second through-hole 1303 of a first screw collet 13;One The screw charging port 1302 of first screw collet 13 is connect with the front end of a second pipe 610.
The course of work of first automatic locking screw machine structure, 7 automatic lock screw is:
1. the breaker of plastic casing base motions of part product have been assembled to a certain when the first positioning fixture 42 loads During to the first screw feeding mechanism 6 and the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7, the hole that locks on breaker of plastic casing pedestal is located at the first spiral shell The underface of silk collet 13, one locks hole and corresponds to a first screw collet 13;
2. in the first screw feeding mechanism 6, several screws 10 602 are transported to tripper 603, screw 10 by directly shaking It falls into first pipe 609, the inflatable mouth of solenoid valve is blown, and screw 10 is blown to the screw charging port of the first screw collet 13 In 1302, screw 10 enters the interior intracavitary of the first screw collet 13 by notch 1311 again, and the screw rod of screw 10 can fall into two 1,305 second straight section 1309 of screw locating part is formed in straight bore;
3. starting the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7, third single-piston cylinder 703 works, and third single-piston cylinder 703 pushes away Bar stretching pushes down on the first upper backup pad 704, and upper double ball bearing 722 is moved down along the first slide bar 701, upper double ball axis It holds 722 the first electric screwdrivers 708 for driving the first upper backup pad 704 and being arranged on the first upper backup pad 704 to move down, first Electric screwdriver 708 also just drives the first bottle opener 715 to move down by transmission mechanism, and the cutter head of the first bottle opener 715 injects the first screw In second through-hole 1303 of collet 13, and taper bore is formed across two screw correcting members 1306, then third single-piston gas Cylinder 703 is stopped, the first bottle opener 715 stopping move down, the rotary shaft of the first electric screwdriver 708 rotates counterclockwise again, torsion according to It is secondary to pass through the first universal joint 709, telescopic shaft 713, the first axle sleeve 711, connecting rod 714, the second universal joint 710,712 and of the second axle sleeve Third axis pin 720 passes to the bar portion of the first bottle opener 715, and the first bottle opener 715 is driven to rotate counterclockwise, inverse in the first bottle opener 715 In hour hands rotation process, the cutter head of the first bottle opener 715 can find the cross recess on 10 head of screw, and matched with cross recess, two After person matches, during the first bottle opener 715 continues to rotate counterclockwise, the screw rod of screw 10 is inserted into two the second straight sections 1309 In the straight bore of composition, the automatic capturing during rotating counterclockwise of screw 10 adjusts position, finally, the central axes of screw 10, The central axes of first bottle opener 715 are overlapped with the central axes that two the second straight sections 1309 form straight bore;In addition, two screw corrections The taper bore that part 1306 forms plays guiding role, 1306 energy of screw correcting member during the first bottle opener 715 is rotated down It is rotated around the 4th axis pin 1313;Since the lower end bore of two 1306 taper bores of screw correcting member is less than 10 head of screw Diameter can prevent screw 10 from jumping at the second through-hole 1303;
It in the above process, is stopped in third single-piston cylinder 703, the first upper backup pad 704 stops pushing the first electricity Batches 708,708 rotary shaft of the first electric screwdriver by transmission mechanism to the first bottle opener 715 transmit torsion counterclockwise when, be sleeved on telescopic shaft The pressure that the first spring 726 on 713 is subject to is constant, and the rotary torsion that the first spring 726 transmits is also constant;
4. the central axes of screw 10, central axes and two the second straight sections 1309 of the first bottle opener 715 are formed in straight bore After axis overlaps, third single-piston cylinder 703 is again started up, and lower pressure and torsion are transmitted to the first bottle opener 715 by transmission mechanism, First bottle opener 715 continues to move down while rotating counterclockwise, and screw 10 is pushed up downwards, the lower end of 10 screw rod of screw firstly appears out from First screw collet 13, as screw 10 continues to rotate down, the lower end of 10 screw rod of screw is passed through on breaker of plastic casing pedestal Counterbore 1501 and via 1502, reach part product interior oblique threaded hole 1201 in, the first bottle opener 715 drive screw 10 inside tiltedly It is rotated counterclockwise in threaded hole 1201, the automatic capturing during rotating counterclockwise of screw 10 adjusts position, makes in screw 10 Axis, the first bottle opener 715 central axes overlapped with the central axes of threaded hole 12;At this point, screw 10 is ejected first completely Outside screw collet 13, in the straight bore formed across the second straight section 1309, the head of screw 10 is by two on the head of screw 10 Second straight section 1309 of screw locating part 1305 is pushed up towards outside, and screw locating part 1305 is rotated around the 4th axis pin 1313, with regard to energy Screw 10 is made to be pierced by the straight bore of the second straight section 1309 composition completely;
After 5. the central axes of screw 10, the central axes of the first bottle opener 715 are overlapped with the central axes of threaded hole 12, the first electric screwdriver 708 rotary shaft rotates clockwise again, the first bottle opener 715 is driven to rotate down clockwise by transmission mechanism, the first bottle opener 715 Screw 10 is driven tiltedly to rotate clockwise in threaded hole 1201 inside again, screw 10 enters 1202 mouthfuls of straight thread hole, afterwards screw 10 On screw thread engaged with the screw thread in straight thread hole 1202;
After 6. the screw thread on screw 10 is engaged with the screw thread in straight thread hole 1202, the rotary shaft of the first electric screwdriver 708 after Continuous to rotate clockwise, third single-piston cylinder 703 continues through transmission mechanism and pushes the first bottle opener 715, drives the first bottle opener 715 Clockwise to the 1202 inside precession of straight thread hole;The rotary shaft of first electric screwdriver 708 is transmitted by transmission mechanism to the first bottle opener 715 When rotating clockwise torsion, the first spring 726 is compressed by feed pressure, according to the compression ratio of the first spring 726, the first spring 726 make rotary torsion increase 10-20%;The rotary torsion of first bottle opener 715 adds 726 increased rotary torsion of the first spring, The feeding torsion for making the screw rod screw-in straight thread hole 1202 of screw 10 is sufficiently large, and screw 10 can cover all spiral shell journeys, and the 4th is single living Piston cylinder 707 does not just have to work;If the rotary torsion of the first bottle opener 715 adds 726 increased rotary torsion of the first spring not It is enough to overcome when locking resistance, starts the 4th piston-cylinder 707, the 4th piston gas while third single-piston cylinder 703 works The piston rod stretching of cylinder 707 pushes down on the first lower supporting plate 706, and lower double ball bearing 723 is along the first slide bar 701 to moving down Dynamic, the first lower supporting plate 706 is pressed downward the second axis pin 719, and the second axis pin 719 is pressed downward the first along the second kidney slot 725 The shank of son 715, second spring 727 is compressed by feed pressure, and according to the compression ratio of second spring 727, second spring 727 makes Rotary torsion increases 15-30%;Rotary shaft, third single-piston cylinder 703 and the 4th single-piston cylinder in the first electric screwdriver 708 Under 707 common driving, under the common auxiliary of the first spring 726 and second spring 727, the first bottle opener 715 has enough rotations Torsion locks resistance to overcome, at this point, the first bottle opener 715 is clockwise to the 1202 inside precession of straight thread hole, until screw 10 is walked Complete all spiral shell journeys;Then the rotary shaft of third single-piston cylinder 703, the 4th single-piston cylinder 707 and the first electric screwdriver 708 stops work Make, completion entirely locks work automatically;
7. last, the piston rod of third single-piston cylinder 703 and the 4th single-piston cylinder 707 is retracted, and drives the first electric screwdriver 708th, transmission mechanism and the first bottle opener 715 return to initial position.
By the above method, the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 control screw 10 sequentially pass through counterbore 1501, via 1502, Interior oblique threaded hole 1201, in last precession straight thread hole 1202, just by breaker of plastic casing pedestal and assembling at breaker of plastic casing bottom Part product on seat is fixed together.First automatic locking screw machine structure 7 of the invention can be adjusted automatically using 2 grades of universal joints and 2 grades Screw collet is saved, screw and threaded hole lock in lock screw can be overcome, hardly possible caused by diameter, rotation direction is inconsistent, torsion is inadequate Successfully to realize the automatic industry problems for locking screw assemblies.
As shown in figure 21 and figure, the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9 include 7 font stents 901, the 5th single-piston cylinder, Multiple 6th single-piston cylinders, multiple frames 906, multiple 7 font hanging plates 908, multiple second lock adhering mechanisms and multiple second spiral shells Silk collet 14;The number of 6th single-piston cylinder, the number of frame 906, the numbers of 7 font hanging plates 908, the second lock adhering mechanism Number and the second screw collet 14 are equal, and five correspond;5th single-piston cylinder includes the 5th cylinder block 903 and the Five cylinder piston rods 904;6th single-piston cylinder includes the 6th cylinder block 909 and the 6th cylinder piston rod;7 font stents First straight line guide rail 902 and second straight line guide rail 920, first straight line guide rail 902 and and second straight line guide rail are provided on 901 920 is parallel, all parallel with X-axis;Slide plate bearing 905, first straight line guide rail 902 and slide plate are provided on first straight line guide rail 902 Bearing 905 forms first straight line sliding pair, and the 5th cylinder block 903 is arranged on slide plate bearing 905, first straight line guide rail 902 One end be provided with baffle 916, be provided with flexible block 919 on baffle 916, the end of the 5th cylinder piston rod 904 is against gear Flexible block 919;Slide plate bearing 905 is fixedly connected by 7 font slide plates 921 with multiple frames 906, is set on 7 font slide plates 921 The first sliding groove is equipped with, for the first sliding groove on second straight line guide rail 920, the first sliding groove forms second with second straight line guide rail 920 Linear slide pair;As shown in figure 24, second sliding slot 918, the back of the body of each 7 font hanging plate 908 are provided on each frame 906 Face is provided with sliding block, and in second sliding slot 918, the shape of sliding block matches sliding block with the shape of second sliding slot 918, sliding block and the Two sliding slots 918 form third linear slide pair, and second sliding slot 918 is parallel with Z axis;The top of each frame 906 is provided with second Upper backup pad 907, the 6th cylinder block 909 are arranged on the second upper backup pad 907, and the end of the 6th cylinder piston rod passes through work Property cross-pin type joint is connect with the sliding block at 7 font hanging plate, 908 back side.
As shown in figure 23, the second lock adhering mechanism includes the second electric screwdriver 910, third universal joint 911, the second bottle opener 912, bottle opener 913 and second lower supporting plate 915 of leading truck;The bottle opener leading truck 913 is fixed on 7 font hanging plates 908, bottle opener leading truck Fifth hole and the 6th through-hole are provided on 913, the second slide bar 914 is fixed on the second lower supporting plate 915;Second electric screwdriver 910 Rotary shaft connect by third universal joint 911 with the second bottle opener 912;Second electric screwdriver 910 passes through the top plate of 7 font hanging plates 908, And be stuck on the top plate of 7 font hanging plates 908, the second bottle opener 912 passes through the fifth hole on bottle opener leading truck 913, and second It is clearance fit between son 912 and fifth hole, the cutter head of the second bottle opener 912 is located at the lower section of bottle opener leading truck 913;It is fixed on The second slide bar 914 on second lower supporting plate 915 passes through the 6th through-hole on bottle opener leading truck 913, the second slide bar 914 and the 6th It is interference fit between through-hole, and the is cased on the second slide bar 914 between 913 and second lower supporting plate 915 of bottle opener leading truck Three springs;Fourth hole 917 is provided on second lower supporting plate 915,915 lower surface of the second lower supporting plate is fixed with the second screw Collet 14.
The structure of second screw collet 14 and the structure of the first screw collet 13 are completely the same, and this will not be repeated here.
The number of second lock adhering mechanism is equal with the number of the second screw collet 14, and second lock adhering mechanism corresponds to one Second screw collet 14,912 cutter head of the second bottle opener of second lock adhering mechanism are directed at the second of a second screw collet 14 Through-hole 1303;The screw charging port 1302 of one the second screw collet 14 is connect with the front end of a second pipe 610.
The course of work of second automatic locking screw machine structure, 9 automatic lock screw is:
1. when the second positioning fixture 32 loads breaker of plastic casing base motions of the dressing equipped with part product to certain a pair the When two-screw feeding machanism and the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9, the 5th single-piston cylinder operation, the 5th cylinder piston rod 904 is stretched Go out and withstand on flexible block 919, the 5th cylinder block 903 and slide plate bearing 905 are along first straight line guide rail 902 to being pushed forward Into the direction of motion is parallel with X-axis;Slide plate bearing 905 just drives 7 font slide plates 921 and is fixed on 7 font slide plates 921 All frames 906, all 7 font hanging plates 908, all 6th single-piston cylinders, all second lock adhering mechanisms and all second Screw collet 14 is moved along X-direction, and the second screw collet 14 is made to be located at the surface that breaker of plastic casing pedestal locks hole, and one A hole that locks corresponds to a second screw collet 14;
2. in the second screw feeding mechanism, several screws 10 602 are transported to tripper 603, screw 10 by directly shaking It falls into first pipe 609, the inflatable mouth of solenoid valve is blown, and screw 10 is blown to the screw charging port of the second screw collet 14 In 1302, screw 10 enters the interior intracavitary of the second screw collet 14 by notch 1311 again, and the screw rod of screw 10 can fall into two 1,305 second straight section 1309 of screw locating part is formed in straight bore;
3. the 6th single-piston cylinder operation, the stretching of the 6th cylinder piston rod pushes down on 7 font hanging plates 908,7 font hanging plates 908 move downward along second sliding slot 918, and 7 font hanging plates 908 drive 911, second, the second electric screwdriver 910, third universal joint Son 912, bottle opener leading truck 913, the second lower supporting plate 915 and the second screw collet 14 move downwardly together, the direction of motion and Z axis It is parallel;When breaker of plastic casing pedestal is encountered in 14 lower surface of the second screw collet, the second lower supporting plate 915 and the second screw collet 14 stop moving down, and the third spring being sleeved on the second slide bar 914 is compressed;The cutter head of second bottle opener 912 passes through the 4th Through-hole 917 is injected in the second through-hole 1303 of the second screw collet 14, and forms conical opening across two screw correcting members 1306 Diameter, then the 6th single-piston cylinder be stopped, the second bottle opener 912 stopping move down, the rotary shaft inverse time of the second electric screwdriver 910 Needle rotates, and the second bottle opener 912 is driven to rotate counterclockwise by third universal joint 911, process is rotated counterclockwise in the second bottle opener 912 In, the cutter head of the second bottle opener 912 can find the cross recess on 10 head of screw, and match with cross recess, after the two matches, Second bottle opener 912 continues during rotating counterclockwise, and the screw rod of screw 10 is inserted into the straight bore of two the second straight section 1309 compositions In, the automatic capturing during rotating counterclockwise of screw 10 adjusts position, the central axes of final screw 10, second bottle opener 912 Central axes are overlapped with the central axes that two the second straight sections 1309 form straight bore;In addition, what two screw correcting members 1306 formed Taper bore plays guiding role during the second bottle opener 912 is rotated down, and screw correcting member 1306 can be around the 4th axis pin 1313 rotations;Since the lower end bore of two 1306 taper bores of screw correcting member is less than the diameter on 10 head of screw, Neng Goufang Only screw 10 jumps at the second through-hole 1303;
4. the central axes of screw 10, central axes and two the second straight sections 1309 of the second bottle opener 912 are formed in straight bore After axis overlaps, the 6th single-piston cylinder is again started up, and the second bottle opener 912 continues to move down while rotating counterclockwise, will Screw 10 pushes up downwards;The lower end of 10 screw rod of screw firstly appears out from the second screw collet 14, as screw 10 continues to rotate down, screw The lower end of 10 screw rods passes through counterbore 1501 and via 1502 on breaker of plastic casing pedestal, reaches the interior oblique threaded hole of part product In 1201, rotated counterclockwise in oblique threaded hole 1201 including the second bottle opener 912 drive screw 10, screw 10 was rotating counterclockwise Automatic capturing adjusts position in journey, makes the central axes of screw 10, the central axes of the second bottle opener 912 and the central axes weight of threaded hole 12 It closes;At this point, screw 10 has been ejected completely outside the second screw collet 14, the head of screw 10 is across 1309 groups of the second straight section Into straight bore when, the head of screw 10 pushes up the second straight section 1309 of two screw locating parts 1305 towards outside, screw limiting Part 1305 is rotated around the 4th axis pin 1313, with regard to screw 10 can be made to be pierced by the straight bore of the second straight section 1309 composition completely;
After 5. the central axes of screw 10, the central axes of the second bottle opener 912 are overlapped with the central axes of threaded hole 12, the second electric screwdriver 910 rotary shaft rotates clockwise again, and the 6th single-piston cylinder continues to push the second bottle opener 912, passes through 911 band of third universal joint Dynamic second bottle opener 912 rotates down clockwise, the second bottle opener 912 drive again screw 10 inside tiltedly in threaded hole 1201 clockwise to Lower rotation, screw 10 enter 1202 mouthfuls of straight thread hole, and then the screw thread on screw 10 is engaged with the screw thread in straight thread hole 1202 On;
After 6. the screw thread on screw 10 is engaged with the screw thread in straight thread hole 1202, the rotary shaft of the second electric screwdriver 910 after Continuous to rotate clockwise, the 6th single-piston cylinder continues to push the second bottle opener 912, as the second bottle opener 912 continues clockwise downwards Rotation, screw 10 is to the 1202 inside precession of straight thread hole, until screw 10 covers all spiral shell journeys, the 6th single-piston cylinder and second The rotary shaft of electric screwdriver 910 is stopped, and completion entirely locks work automatically;
7. last, the piston rod of the 5th single-piston cylinder and the 6th single-piston cylinder is retracted, and drives the 906, second electricity of frame Criticize 708, third universal joint 710, the second bottle opener 709 returns to initial position.
As shown in figure 25, switching mechanism 5 includes supporting rack 501, the 7th single-piston cylinder 502, slide plate 503, rotary cylinder 504th, rotating handle 505 and dual piston cylinder 506;The 7th single-piston cylinder 502 is arranged on 501 top of supporting rack, supporting rack Third the linear guide 507 is provided on 501, third the linear guide 507 is in longitudinally disposed;503 back side of slide plate is fixed with cunning Block, sliding block is in third the linear guide 507;The end of 7th single-piston cylinder, 502 piston rod is connect with slide plate 503;It is described Rotary cylinder 504 is fixed on slide plate 503;One end of rotating handle 505 is fixedly connected with the main shaft 508 of rotary cylinder 504, rotation The other end of handle 505 is provided with dual piston cylinder 506, is set respectively on two piston rods 511 of 506 left and right sides of dual piston cylinder It is equipped with clamping plate 509.
Embodiment 1
Now to being equipped with the 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestals of part product for, it is automatic that breaker of plastic casing pedestal of the present invention is described Lock the course of work of screw device.
As shown in figure 26, the 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 for being equipped with part product has been sequentially arranged inlet wire spiral shell from top to bottom Silk lower opening group 11-1, stationary contact head screw lower opening group 11-2, rack screw lower opening group 11-3, conductive double gold shell silk lower opening group 11-4 and Outlet screw lower opening group 11-5.Inlet wire screw lower opening group 11-1 locks hole by 3 and forms, and 11-2 is by 6 for stationary contact head screw lower opening group A to lock hole composition, rack screw lower opening group 11-3 locks hole by 2 and forms, and conductive double gold shell silk lower opening group 11-4 are by 6 locks Attached hole composition, outlet screw lower opening group 11-5 lock hole by 3 and form;In addition, 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 is additionally provided with 2 First positioning hole 11-6 and 2 second location holes 11-7,2 first positioning hole 11-6 and 2 the second location hole 11-7 difference positions In the both ends of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11.11 bottom of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal is provided with 3 pole slot 11-8, part product dress It fits in 3 pole slot 11-8.
There are six rotation gears for first annular chain 41, are followed successively by the first rotation gear, the second rotation gear, third rotation Gear, the 4th rotation gear, the 5th rotation gear and the 6th rotation gear.First screw feeding mechanism 6 and the first automatic lock spiral shell The quantity of silk mechanism 7 is 5, and the first screw feeding mechanism 6 and the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 correspond;The first~the In five rotation gears, each rotation gear correspondence the first screw feeding mechanism 6 of a pair and the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7, the 6th Gear is rotated as discharging gear.
There are five rotation gears for second ring chain 31, are followed successively by the 7th rotation gear, eighth-turn moves gear, the 9th rotation Gear, the tenth rotation gear, the 11st rotation gear.The quantity of second screw feeding mechanism and the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9 It it is 4, the second screw feeding mechanism and the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9 correspond;In 7th~the tenth rotation gear, often A rotation gear corresponds to a pair of second screw feeding mechanism and the second automatic locking screw machine structure the 9, the 11st rotation gear is discharging Gear.
As shown in figure 4, the first positioning fixture 42 for 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestals includes bottom plate 4201, bottom plate 4201 There are three first boss 4202 for one end setting, and there are three second boss 4203 for the other end setting of bottom plate 4201;Each first is convex There are two the first grooves for the setting of 4202 upper surface of platform, and there are one the first positioning pin 4204, first is fixed for the interior setting of each first groove The lower part of position pin 4204 is located in the first groove, and the 4th bullet is provided between 4204 bottom of the first positioning pin and the first bottom portion of groove Spring;It is provided with first groove 4206 between two neighboring first boss 4202, there are one for setting in each first groove 4206 One positioning column 4205;Each 4203 upper surface of second boss setting is provided with one there are two the second groove in each second groove A second positioning pin 4207, the lower part of the second positioning pin 4207 are located in the second groove, 4207 bottom of the second positioning pin and second The 5th spring is provided between bottom portion of groove;Second groove 4209, Mei Ge is provided between two neighboring second boss 4203 There are one the second positioning columns 4208 for setting in two grooves 4209;Mounting hole 4210, the first locating clip are additionally provided on bottom plate 4201 Tool 42 is fixed on by mounting hole 4210 on first annular chain 41.It is as shown in fig. 6, fixed for 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal second Position fixture 32 includes I-shaped plate 3201, and one end setting of I-shaped plate 3201 is there are three third groove, in each third groove It sets there are one third positioning pin 3202, the lower part of third positioning pin 3202 to be located in third groove, 3202 bottom of third positioning pin The 6th spring is provided between portion and third bottom portion of groove;The other end setting of I-shaped plate 3201 is there are three the 4th groove, often The 4th positioning pin 3203, the lower part of the 4th positioning pin 3203 to be located in the 4th groove there are one settings in a 4th groove, and the 4th The 7th spring is provided between 3203 bottom of positioning pin and the 4th bottom portion of groove.
Breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device of the present invention is to being equipped with the 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestals of part product 11 action process for carrying out automatic lock screws are:
Step 1, the first annular chain 41 of step motor control rotates, and multiple assembled is arranged in pedestal input line 1 The 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 of good part product is arranged on the first manipulator at 4 initiating terminal of the first lock screw circular route and grabs A 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 is taken, and the 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 is loaded on some first positioning fixture 42, Each pole slot 11-8 of 11 bottom of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal is embedded there are one first boss 4202 and a second boss 4203; Wherein, 6 of stationary contact head screw lower opening group 11-2 lock hole, and 1202 port sleeve of straight thread hole is in 6 the first positioning pins 4204 On;2 first positioning hole 11-6 are sleeved on 2 the first positioning columns 4205;6 of conductive double gold shell silk lower opening group 11-4 lock Hole, 1202 port sleeve of straight thread hole is on 6 the second positioning pins 4207;2 the second location hole 11-7 are sleeved on 2 second positioning On column 4208;
Step 2, when the first positioning fixture 42 for being mounted with 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 turns to the first rotation gear simultaneously Pause, first pair of first 6 and first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 of screw feeding mechanism works, to stationary contact head screw lower opening group 11-2 4 lock hole carry out screw lock;Wherein, there are four the first lock adhering mechanism and four for the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 One screw collet 13, this four the first screw collets 13 are arranged in " one " word row, four the first lock adhering mechanisms and four the first spiral shells Silk collet 13 all acts progress screw and locks work, and one locks hole and corresponds to a first screw collet 13;
Step 3, first annular chain 41 is rotated further, and is loaded with 42 turns of the first positioning fixture of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It moves to the second rotation gear and suspends, second pair of first 6 and first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 of screw feeding mechanism works, to quiet Remaining 2 of contact screw lower opening group 11-2 locks hole progress screw and locks;Wherein, which has four A first lock adhering mechanism and four the first screw collets 13, this four the first screw collets 13 are arranged in " one " word row, but only Two the first lock adhering mechanisms and the action of corresponding two the first screw collets 13 carry out screw and lock work, the two actions The first screw collet 13 in, one lock hole correspond to a first screw collet 13;
Step 4, first annular chain 41 is rotated further, and is loaded with 42 turns of the first positioning fixture of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It moves third rotation gear and suspends, third works to the first screw feeding mechanism 6 and the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7, to leading 4 of electric double gold shell silk lower opening group 11-4 lock hole progress screw and lock;Wherein, there are four the first automatic locking screw machine structures 7 First lock adhering mechanism and four the first screw collets 13, this four the first screw collets 13 are arranged in " one " word row, four first Lock adhering mechanism and four the first screw collets 13 all act progress screw and lock work, and one locks hole and corresponds to first screw Collet 13;
Step 5, first annular chain 41 is rotated further, and is loaded with 42 turns of the first positioning fixture of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It moves to the 4th rotation gear and suspends, the 4th pair of first screw feeding mechanism 6 and the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 work, to leading Electric double remaining 2 of gold shell silk lower opening group 11-4 lock hole progress screw and lock;Wherein, which has Four the first lock adhering mechanisms and four the first screw collets 13, this four the first screw collets 13 arrange, but only in " one " word row Screw is carried out there are two the first lock adhering mechanism and the action of corresponding two the first screw collets 13 and locks work, the two are dynamic In the first screw collet 13 made, one locks hole and corresponds to a first screw collet 13;
Step 6, first annular chain 41 is rotated further, and is loaded with 42 turns of the first positioning fixture of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It moves to the 5th rotation gear and suspends, the 5th pair of first screw feeding mechanism 6 and the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 work, to machine 2 of frame screw lower opening group 11-3 lock hole progress screw and lock;Wherein, there are four first for the first automatic locking screw machine structure 7 Lock adhering mechanism and four the first screw collets 13, this four the first screw collets 13 are arranged in " one " word row, but only there are two the One lock adhering mechanism and the action of corresponding two the first screw collets 13 carry out screw and lock work, and the first of the two actions In screw collet 13, one locks hole and corresponds to a first screw collet 13;
Step 7, first annular chain 41 is rotated further, and is loaded with 42 turns of the first positioning fixture of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It moves to the 6th rotation and gear and suspends, switching mechanism 5 works, and (original state of switching mechanism 5 is:It is straight that slide plate 503 is located at third The upper end of line guide rail 507, dual piston cylinder 506 and first lock 4 homonymy of screw circular route), the 7th single-piston cylinder 502 starts, The downward push skateboard 503 of piston rod of 7th single-piston cylinder 502, slide plate 503 just drive rotary cylinder 504, rotating handle 505, Dual piston cylinder 506 and two clamping plates 509 move linearly downwards, and then dual piston cylinder 506 works, and drives two piston rods 511 move towards, and two clamping plates 509 is made to clamp 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11, and rotary cylinder 504 works, driving spindle 508 Rotation, main shaft 508 drive rotating handle 505 to rotate, and the 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 clamped by two clamping plates 509 is turned to the Two lock screw circular routes, 3 initiating terminal, and the 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 is placed on 3 initiating terminal of the second lock screw circular route On second positioning fixture 32, dual piston cylinder 506 drives two piston rods 511 two clamping plates 509 to be made to mould 3P backwards to movement again Case circuit breaker pedestal 11 unclamps;Wherein, 3 of inlet wire screw lower opening group 11-1 lock hole, and 1202 port sleeve of straight thread hole exists On 3 third positioning pins 3202 of the second positioning fixture 32;3 of outlet screw lower opening group 11-5 lock hole, straight thread hole 1202 port sleeves are on 3 the 4th positioning pins 3203 of the second positioning fixture 32;
Step 8, the second ring chain 31 rotates, and the second positioning fixture 32 for being loaded with 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 turns to 7th rotation gear simultaneously suspends, and first pair of second screw feeding mechanism and the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9 work, to inlet wire screw 2 of lower opening group 11-1 lock hole progress screw and lock;Wherein, which locks machine there are two second Structure and two the second screw collets 14, the two second screw collets 14 are arranged in " one " word row, two the second lock adhering mechanisms and Two the second screw collets 14 all act progress screw and lock work, and one locks hole and corresponds to a second screw collet 14;
Step 9, the second ring chain 31 is rotated further, and is loaded with 32 turns of the second positioning fixture of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It moves and moves gear to eighth-turn and suspend, second pair of second screw feeding mechanism and the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9 work, to inlet wire Remaining 1 of screw lower opening group 11-1 locks hole progress screw and locks;Wherein, there are two for the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9 Two lock adhering mechanisms and two the second screw collets 14, the two second screw collets 14 in " one " word row arrange, but only there are one Second lock adhering mechanism and the action of a corresponding second screw collet 14 carry out screw and lock work, and one locks hole correspondence One the second screw collet 14;
Step 10, the second ring chain 31 is rotated further, and is loaded with the second positioning fixture 32 of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It turns to the 9th rotation gear and suspends, third works to the second screw feeding mechanism and the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9, to going out 2 of line screw lower opening group 11-5 lock hole progress screw and lock;Wherein, there are two second for the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9 Lock adhering mechanism and two the second screw collets 14, the two second screw collets 14 are arranged in " one " word row, and two second lock Mechanism and two the second screw collets 14 all act progress screw and lock work, and one locks hole and corresponds to a second screw collet 14;
Step 11, the second ring chain 31 is rotated further, and is loaded with the second positioning fixture 32 of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It turns to the tenth rotation gear and suspends, the 4th pair of the second screw feeding mechanism and the second automatic locking screw machine structure 9 work, to going out Remaining 1 of line screw lower opening group 11-5 locks hole progress screw and locks;Wherein, there are two the second automatic locking screw machine structures 9 Second lock adhering mechanism and two the second screw collets 14, the two second screw collets 14 arrange, but only one in " one " word row A second lock adhering mechanism and the action of a corresponding second screw collet 14 carry out screw and lock work, and one locks hole pair Answer a second screw collet 14;
Step 12, the second ring chain 31 is rotated further, and is loaded with the second positioning fixture 32 of 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 It turns to the 11st rotation gear and suspends, the second manipulator for being arranged on 31 end of the second ring chain captures the second locating clip The 3P breaker of plastic casing pedestal 11 locked on tool 32, and be placed on pedestal output line 2, it discharges, completes entire work.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device, it is characterised in that:Including:Pedestal input line (1), pedestal output Line (2), the first lock screw circular route (4), the second lock screw circular route (3) and pedestal transfer device (5);First lock screw cycle The initiating terminal of line (4) is docked with pedestal input line (1), and the end of the first lock screw circular route (4) passes through pedestal transfer device (5) It is docked with the initiating terminal of the second lock screw circular route (3), the end of the second lock screw circular route (3) and pedestal output line (2) are right It connects;The side of first lock screw circular route (4) is provided with multiple first screw feeding mechanisms (6), and opposite side is provided with multiple the One automatic locking screw machine structure (7);The side of second lock screw circular route (3) sets multiple second screw feeding mechanisms, opposite side It is provided with multiple second automatic locking screw machine structures (9);
The first lock screw circular route (4) includes first annular chain (41) and multiple first positioning fixtures (42), Duo Ge One positioning fixture (42) is uniformly fixed on first annular chain (41);The second lock screw circular route (3) is including second Ring chain (31) and multiple second positioning fixtures (32), multiple second positioning fixtures (32) are uniformly fixed on the second endless chain On item (31);
The first automatic locking screw machine structure (7) includes third single-piston cylinder (703), the 4th single-piston cylinder (707), multiple First lock adhering mechanism, multiple first screw collets (13) and supporting rack;Support frame as described above includes more first slide bars (701), bottoms Seat (724), the first upper backup pad (704) and the first lower supporting plate (706);More first slide bars (701) are fixed on pedestal (724) On, the top of every first slide bar (701) is provided with double ball bearing (722), and lower part is provided with lower double ball bearing (723);Top plate (702) is fixed at the top of more first slide bars (701), third single-piston cylinder (703) is arranged on top plate (702) on;Upper double ball bearing (722) is fixedly connected with the first upper backup pad (704), the work of third single-piston cylinder (703) Stopper rod is connect with the first upper backup pad (704);More first slide bars (701) are fixedly arranged in the middle of crossbearer (705), the 4th single-piston Cylinder (707) is arranged on crossbearer (705);Lower double ball bearing (723) is fixedly connected with the first lower supporting plate (706), and the 4th The piston rod of single-piston cylinder (707) is connect with the first lower supporting plate (706);
First lock adhering mechanism includes the first electric screwdriver (708), transmission mechanism and the first bottle opener (715);First electric screwdriver (708) is worn The first upper backup pad (704) is crossed, and is stuck on the first upper backup pad (704);Transmission mechanism includes the first universal joint (709), stretches Contracting axis (713), the first axle sleeve (711), connecting rod (714), the second universal joint (710) and the second axle sleeve (712), the first electric screwdriver (708) rotary shaft is connect by the first universal joint (709) with the upper end of telescopic shaft (713), and the lower end of telescopic shaft (713) is inserted in In first axle sleeve (711), it is provided with the first kidney slot (717) on the first axle sleeve (711), the first axis pin (716) is across telescopic shaft (713) lower end and the first kidney slot (717);On telescopic shaft (713) between first universal joint (709) and the first axle sleeve (711) It is cased with the first spring (726);First axle sleeve (711) lower end is fixed with connecting rod (714), and the lower end of connecting rod (714) passes through the 20000th It is connect to section (710) with the second axle sleeve (712) upper end, the second axle sleeve (712) is across the first lower supporting plate (706), the second axle sleeve (712) sliding sleeve (718) is provided between the first lower supporting plate (706), sliding sleeve (718) is fixed on the first lower supporting plate (706) On, the top of the first bottle opener (715) is located in the second axle sleeve (712), and the second axle sleeve is provided with the second kidney slot on (712) (725), the second axis pin (719) is across the second kidney slot (725) and the shank of the first bottle opener (715), the first bottle opener (715) shank Second spring (727), and the second axis pin (719) are cased in the first bottle opener (715) bar portion between the second axle sleeve (712) bottom Positioned at the lower section of the first lower supporting plate (706);Third axis pin (720) is across the bar portion of the first bottle opener (715), third axis pin (720) positioned at the lower section of the second axle sleeve (712), and third axis pin (720) is against the lower surface of the second axle sleeve (712);Second pin Axis (719) and third axis pin (720) are in " ten " character form structure;First lower supporting plate (706) lower surface is further fixed on fixed plate (721), multiple first screw collets (13) are fixed in fixed plate (721).
2. a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described second Automatic locking screw machine structure (9) includes 7 font stents (901), the 5th single-piston cylinder, multiple 6th single-piston cylinders, multiple frames Frame (906), multiple 7 font hanging plates (908), multiple second lock adhering mechanisms and multiple second screw collets (14);6th single-piston The number of cylinder, the number of frame (906), the number of 7 font hanging plates (908), the number of the second lock adhering mechanism and the second screw Collet (14) is equal, and five correspond;5th single-piston cylinder includes the 5th cylinder block (903) and the 5th cylinder piston Bar (904);6th single-piston cylinder includes the 6th cylinder block (909) and the 6th cylinder piston rod;On 7 font stents (901) It is provided with first straight line guide rail (902) and second straight line guide rail (920), first straight line guide rail (902) and and second straight line guide rail (920) it is parallel, it is all parallel with X-axis;Slide plate bearing (905), first straight line guide rail are provided on first straight line guide rail (902) (902) first straight line sliding pair is formed with slide plate bearing (905), the 5th cylinder block (903) is arranged on slide plate bearing (905) On, one end of first straight line guide rail (902) is provided with baffle (916), is provided with flexible block (919) on baffle (916), and the 5th The opposite gear flexible block (919) in the end of cylinder piston rod (904);Slide plate bearing (905) by 7 font slide plates (921) with it is more A frame (906) is fixedly connected, and the first sliding groove is provided on 7 font slide plates (921), and the first sliding groove is embedded in second straight line guide rail (920) on, the first sliding groove forms second straight line sliding pair with second straight line guide rail (920);It is set on each frame (906) There is second sliding slot (918), the back side of each 7 font hanging plate (908) is provided with sliding block, and sliding block is sliding in second sliding slot (918) The shape of block is matched with the shape of second sliding slot (918), sliding block and second sliding slot (918) composition third linear slide pair, and second Sliding slot (918) is parallel with Z axis;The second upper backup pad (907), the 6th cylinder block are provided at the top of each frame (906) (909) it is arranged on the second upper backup pad (907), the end of the 6th cylinder piston rod is hung by active cross-pin type joint and 7 fonts The sliding block connection at plate (908) back side.
3. a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Second locks Mechanism includes the second electric screwdriver (910), third universal joint (911), the second bottle opener (912), bottle opener leading truck (913) and second lower Fagging (915);The bottle opener leading truck (913) is fixed on 7 font hanging plates (908), and is provided on bottle opener leading truck (913) Five through-holes and the 6th through-hole are fixed with the second slide bar (914) on the second lower supporting plate (915);The rotary shaft of second electric screwdriver (910) It is connect by third universal joint (911) with the second bottle opener (912);Second electric screwdriver (910) across 7 font hanging plates (908) top plate, And be stuck on the top plate of 7 font hanging plates (908), the second bottle opener (912) across the fifth hole on bottle opener leading truck (913), and Second bottle opener (912) is clearance fit between fifth hole, and the cutter head of the second bottle opener (912) is located at bottle opener leading truck (913) Lower section;The second slide bar (914) being fixed on the second lower supporting plate (915) is logical across the 6th on bottle opener leading truck (913) Hole is interference fit between the second slide bar (914) and the 6th through-hole, and bottle opener leading truck (913) and the second lower supporting plate (915) Between the second slide bar (914) on be cased with third spring;It is provided with fourth hole (917) on second lower supporting plate (915), second Lower supporting plate (915) lower surface is fixed with the second screw collet (14).
4. a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described first The structure of screw collet (13) and the second screw collet (14) is completely the same, the first screw collet (13) or the second screw collet (14) including housing (1301) and screw charging port (1302), screw charging port (1302) is arranged on the side of housing (1301) It face and is communicated with housing (1301) inner cavity;Housing (1301) upper end is provided with the second through-hole (1303), and housing (1301) lower end is set It is equipped with third through-hole (1304);Housing (1301) is internally provided with two screw locating parts (1305), two screw correcting members (1306) and two the 4th axis pins (1313);Screw locating part (1305) is made of three sections of arcuate structures, respectively:Positioned at top The first straight section (1307), positioned at intermediate oblique section (1308) and the second straight section (1309) positioned at lower part, and three is integrated Structure;There are the first gap (1310), two screw locating parts between one side of two screw locating parts (1305) (1305) leaving certain gaps uncovered by the economic plan (1311) between another side, the notch (1311) are in the same direction with screw charging port (1302);Two For the second straight section (1309) of a screw locating part (1305) in the third through-hole (1304) of housing (1301) lower end, second is straight There are the second gap (1312) between the section lateral surface of (1309) and third through-hole (1304) inner wall, and the second straight section (1309) is outside The 9th spring (1315) is connected between side and third through-hole (1304) inner wall;Screw correcting member (1306) is arcuate structure, The medial surface of screw correcting member (1306) is curve slope;Two screw correcting members (1306) are in being oppositely arranged, positioned at two spiral shells The first straight section (1307) for following closely locating part (1305) is internal;Piece the 4th axis pin (1313) is also cross a screw locating part (1305) the first straight section (1307) and a screw correcting member (1306), the both ends of the 4th axis pin (1313) is fixed on housing (1301) on inner wall;Is connected between screw correcting member (1306) and the first straight section (1307) of screw locating part (1305) Eight springs (1314);The second straight section (1309) of two screw locating parts (1305) forms straight bore;Two screw correcting members (1306) medial surface composition taper bore, the lower end bore of taper bore are less than the upper end bore of taper bore, taper bore Lower end bore is less than the diameter at the top of screw (10).
5. a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described first Screw feeding mechanism (6) or the second screw feeding mechanism include vibration plate (601), directly shakes (602) and tripper (603);Described point Glassware (603) including rack (616), the first single-piston cylinder (604), the second single-piston cylinder (605), U-type groove frame (606), Expeller (607), T-block (608) and more first pipes (609);First single-piston cylinder (604), the second single-piston cylinder (605) it is arranged in rack (616) with U-type groove frame (606);U-type groove frame (606) is by the first side wall, second sidewall and bottom wall group Into the first side wall and second sidewall are oppositely arranged, and multiple straight trough mouths (612) are provided on the first side wall, the first side wall is with directly shaking (602) it connects, U-type groove frame (606) bottom wall is provided with multiple first through hole and the baffle that can be translated;Expeller (607) is embedded in U In type groove frame (606), multiple grooves (613) are provided on the expeller (607), and expeller (607) is close to U-type groove frame (606) one side of second sidewall is sealing surface;The piston rod of first single-piston cylinder (604) is connect with expeller (607);It is U-shaped More first pipes (609), the upper end of every first pipe (609) and a first through hole phase are provided with below truss (606) Lead to and connect, there are one four-ways (614) for the lower end connection of every first pipe (609);The first port of the four-way (614) and the The lower end connection of one pipeline (609), second port are connect with the rear end of second pipe (610), third port and third pipeline (611) rear end connection;Multiple blockings (615) are provided in T-block (608), each (615) plug that blocks is in a four-way (614) in the 4th port;The piston rod of second single-piston cylinder (605) is connect with T-block (608);Wherein, straight trough mouth (612) number, the number of groove (613), the number of first through hole, the number of first pipe (609), four-way (614) number Mesh, the number of blocking (615) are all equal.
6. a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described first The front end of second pipe (610) and screw charging port (1302) phase of the first screw collet (13) in screw feeding mechanism (6) Lead to and connect, the screw charging port (1302) of the corresponding first screw collet (13) of a second pipe (610).
7. a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described second The front end of second pipe (610) is connect with the screw charging port (1302) of the second screw collet (14) in screw feeding mechanism, The screw charging port (1302) of the corresponding second screw collet (14) of a piece second pipe (610).
8. a kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The overturning Mechanism (5) includes supporting rack (501), the 7th single-piston cylinder (502), slide plate (503), rotary cylinder (504), rotating handle (505) and dual piston cylinder (506);The 7th single-piston cylinder (502) is arranged at the top of supporting rack (501), supporting rack (501) third the linear guide (507) is provided on, third the linear guide (507) is in longitudinally disposed;Slide plate (503) back side Sliding block is fixed with, sliding block is in third the linear guide (507);The end of the 7th single-piston cylinder (502) piston rod and slide plate (503) it connects;The rotary cylinder (504) is fixed on slide plate (503);One end of rotating handle (505) and rotary cylinder (504) Main shaft (508) be fixedly connected, the other end of rotating handle (505) is provided with dual piston cylinder (506), dual piston cylinder (506) Clamping plate (509) is respectively arranged on two piston rods (511) of the left and right sides.
CN201711469214.3A 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 A kind of breaker of plastic casing pedestal automatic lock screw device Active CN108161425B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112008396A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-01 乐清野岛机电有限公司 Plastic shell base and incoming line end assembly locking production device
CN112008398A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-01 乐清野岛机电有限公司 Full-automatic locking system for button conductive component of mobile phone shell
CN112008394A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-01 乐清野岛机电有限公司 Full-automatic locking system of incoming and outgoing line conductive system of molded case circuit breaker

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CN106112495A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-11-16 威海联创工业自动化科技有限公司 Breaker of plastic casing screw is automatically locked and is paid device
CN205968138U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 温岭市诺兰自动化设备制造有限公司 Automatic screw machine of twisting of multiaxis

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JPH1158149A (en) * 1997-08-19 1999-03-02 Honda Motor Co Ltd Automatic screw member fastener
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CN103586671A (en) * 2013-08-23 2014-02-19 乐清市鸿川机械设备有限公司 Automatic assembling machine for shell of breaker
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112008396A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-01 乐清野岛机电有限公司 Plastic shell base and incoming line end assembly locking production device
CN112008398A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-01 乐清野岛机电有限公司 Full-automatic locking system for button conductive component of mobile phone shell
CN112008394A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-01 乐清野岛机电有限公司 Full-automatic locking system of incoming and outgoing line conductive system of molded case circuit breaker

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