CN108161311A - A kind of welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part - Google Patents

A kind of welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108161311A
CN108161311A CN201810028105.6A CN201810028105A CN108161311A CN 108161311 A CN108161311 A CN 108161311A CN 201810028105 A CN201810028105 A CN 201810028105A CN 108161311 A CN108161311 A CN 108161311A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fork
axle sleeve
hole
outside
welding tooling
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Application number
CN201810028105.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108161311B (en
Inventor
梁乾
莫金竹
谭德
朱兆海
涂辉
Original Assignee
株洲天自动焊接装备有限公司
株洲天一自动焊接装备有限公司
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Priority to CN201810028105.6A priority Critical patent/CN108161311B/en
Publication of CN108161311A publication Critical patent/CN108161311A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work
    • B23K37/0435Clamps
    • B23K37/0443Jigs

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of welding toolings of inside and outside fork class part in welding tooling field, inside and outside fork class part is by two fork arms, two root long axle sleeves and two short sleeve welding fabrications, fork arm head, middle part, it is in parallel arrangement that tail portion, which offers connecting hole and two fork arms, wherein a root long axle sleeve is each passed through the head connecting hole of two fork arms, another root long axle sleeve is each passed through the tail portion connecting hole of two fork arms, two short sleeves are each passed through the middle part connecting hole of two fork arms, including workpiece mounting bracket, for positioning the detent mechanism of fork arm, axle sleeve fastening device for the jacking mechanism for holding out against fork arm and for fastening long axle sleeve and short sleeve, detent mechanism, axle sleeve fastening device and jacking mechanism are both secured on workpiece mounting bracket.All parts of inner and outer fork of the present invention organizes pair on welding tooling, are cancelled putting and are determined process and employ two-way positioning holding device, reduce positioning, jacking mechanism quantity.

Description

A kind of welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part
Technical field
The present invention relates to group to tooling field more particularly to a kind of welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part.
Background technology
Welding tooling is the fixture for being welded and fixed, compressing, positioning of a set of flexibility.It is mainly used for various weldable materials Welding and the welding of large, medium and small section bar material.Be widely used in steel construction, various automobile bodies manufacture, rail traffic welding, Bicycle motorcycle manufacture, engineering machinery, frame and babinet, robot welding, panel beating, metal furniture, are set pressure vessel Standby assembling, industrial pipeline(Flange)Deng welding and detecting system.
Existing welding tooling majority is that point determines tooling and welding tooling is in discrete state, and tool locating, top Tightly, clamp system still by being operated manually.There are many problems for the tooling of this form:Point is fixed, welding tooling separation, It is big to occupy hall space;Clamping welding inter process logistics time is significantly increased, is cumbersome, working efficiency is low;Welding tooling will Part degree of freedom is decontroled, since the influence of welding deformation causes workpiece accuracy relatively low.
Invention content
Present invention aims at a kind of welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part is provided, to solve to exist in the prior art The defects of.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part, inside and outside fork classes zero Part includes two fork arms, two root long axle sleeves and two short sleeves, and fork arm head, middle part, tail portion offer connecting hole and two Fork arm is in parallel arrangement, wherein a root long axle sleeve is each passed through the head connecting hole of two fork arms, another root long axle sleeve is worn respectively The tail portion connecting hole of two fork arms is crossed, two short sleeves are each passed through the middle part connecting hole of two fork arms, and welding tooling includes work Part mounting bracket, the detent mechanism, tight for holding out against the jacking mechanism of fork arm and axle sleeve retention mechanism, axle sleeve for positioning fork arm Gu mechanism is filled including the outer clamp device fastened to long axle sleeve and short sleeve and the interior fastening fastened to short sleeve It puts, detent mechanism, axle sleeve retention mechanism and jacking mechanism are both secured on workpiece mounting bracket.
Preferably, detent mechanism includes end gauge and width positioning device, and end gauge is located at fork arm one For end head for being positioned to fork arm end, width positioning device is located at the width being used on the outside of fork arm front and rear to fork arm Degree is positioned.
Preferably, jacking mechanism be located at the forepart that holds out against fork arm on the inside of two fork arms with the cooperation of width positioning device and after Portion.
Preferably, through-hole is offered on workpiece mounting bracket, lead to the hole site is determined by the connection hole site of fork arm, outer fastening dress It puts including cylinder body and piston rod, cylinder body is fixed on the outside of through-hole, and piston rod passes through through-hole by flexible to long axle sleeve and short sleeve It is fastened.
Preferably, interior clamp device is located at connection hole in the middle part of fork arm and is used to fasten short sleeve.
Preferably, jacking mechanism is two-way jacking mechanism.
Preferably, outer clamp device is hydraulic fastener or air pressure clamp device.
The invention has the advantages that:
1st, all parts of inner and outer fork organizes pair by the present invention on welding tooling, are cancelled putting and are determined process, are set so as to be greatly reduced Standby workshop occupied space, reduces logistics time.
2nd, present invention employs two-way positioning holding device, reduce positioning, jacking mechanism quantity, and using pneumatic or Hydraulic-driven reduces the clamping time, improves work efficiency.
3rd, accurate positioning of the present invention, fixed precision is high, to the degree of freedom of workpiece higher to required precision in welding process It is constrained, improves welding precision.
Below with reference to accompanying drawings, the present invention is described in further detail.
Description of the drawings
The attached drawing for forming the part of the application is used to provide further understanding of the present invention, schematic reality of the invention Example and its explanation are applied for explaining the present invention, is not constituted improper limitations of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the interior fork welding tool structure schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the another interior fork welding tool structure schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the outer fork welding tool structure schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
In figure, 111, long axle sleeve;112nd, long axle sleeve is lengthened;12nd, short sleeve;13rd, fork arm;211st, end gauge; 212nd, width positioning device;221st, outer clamp device;222nd, interior clamp device;223rd, long axle sleeve fastening device;23rd, machine is held out against Structure;24th, workpiece mounting bracket;25th, clamp system.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing, but the present invention can be defined by the claims Implement with the multitude of different ways of covering.
Embodiment 1:
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is interior fork welding tool structure schematic diagram.Workpiece mounting bracket 24 be rectangle framework structure, framework Both sides offer three groups of symmetrical through-holes, the position of through-hole is determined by the long axle sleeve 111 of fork arm 13 and the position of short sleeve 12. Fork arm 13 is positioned on workpiece mounting bracket 24 first, end gauge 211 is fixed on workpiece mounting bracket 24 and positioned at fork One end of bar 13 carries out lateral Primary Location to the position of fork arm 13;Width positioning device 212 is fixed on workpiece mounting bracket 24 And positioned at the outside of fork arm 13, Primary Location is carried out to the width of fork arm 13 by width positioning device 212.It is positioned by end Device 211 and width positioning device 212 define the approximate location of fork arm 13.By long axle sleeve 111 and short sleeve 12 and fork Bar 13 is attached, and long axle sleeve 111 is positioned and held out against by outer clamp device 221, and short sleeve 12 passes through jacking mechanism 23 It is positioned and is held out against with interior clamp device 222.The cylinder body of outer clamp device 221 is fixed on the outside of through-hole, piston rod being driven to stretch Length contacts after inwardly heading into long axle sleeve 111, so as to which long axle sleeve 111 is positioned and be held out against.Interior clamp device 222 pushes up outward Go out, outer clamp device 221 inwardly heads into, and is coordinated by interior clamp device 222 and outer clamp device 221 and short sleeve 12 is pushed up Tight and positioning.Coordinated again by jacking mechanism 23 with width positioning device 212 and the front and rear of fork arm 13 is held out against.It treats After being performed integrally positioning and holding out against, fork arm 13, long axle sleeve 111 and short sleeve 12 are welded and fixed, complete the group pair of interior fork part Welding.
Above-mentioned jacking mechanism 23 is two-way jacking mechanism, once-through operation and can complete to hold out against task, reduces positioning, top The quantity of tight mechanism.And above-mentioned jacking mechanism 23 employs pneumatic or hydraulic-driven, reduces and clamps the time, improves work Make efficiency.
Embodiment 2:
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is the welding tooling structure diagram of the different interior fork part of two root long axle sleeves, 111 length.Workpiece is installed Frame 24 is rectangle framework structure, and the both sides of framework offer two groups of symmetrical through-holes, and the position of through-hole is by long axle sleeve 111 and short The position of axle sleeve 12 determines.Fork arm 13 is positioned on workpiece mounting bracket 24 first, end gauge 211 is fixed pacifies with workpiece It shelves on 24 and positioned at 13 one end of fork arm, lateral Primary Location is carried out to the position of fork arm 13 by end gauge 211;It is wide Degree positioning device 212 is installed on the outside of fork arm 13, and it is tentatively fixed that the width of fork arm 13 is carried out by width positioning device 212 Position, defines the approximate location of fork arm 13 by lateral Primary Location and width Primary Location.By long axle sleeve 111 and short axle Set 12 is attached with fork arm 13, and long axle sleeve 111 is positioned and held out against by outer clamp device 221, and short sleeve 12 is by outer Clamp device 221 and interior clamp device 222 are positioned and are held out against.The cylinder body of outer clamp device 221 is fixed on the outside of through-hole, driving The elongation of piston bar contacts after inwardly heading into long axle sleeve 111, so as to which long axle sleeve 111 is positioned and be held out against.Interior fastening dress Putting 222, ejection, outer clamp device 221 are inwardly headed into, are coordinated by interior clamp device 222 and outer clamp device 221 to short outward Axle sleeve 12 is held out against and is positioned.Long axle sleeve 112 is lengthened since length is long, can not be limited by the through-hole on frame. Therefore groove is provided on workpiece mounting bracket 24, the long axle sleeve fastening device 223 with limit hole is provided with outside groove.Add Long axle sleeve 112 is positioned in groove and across limit hole, is positioned by limit hole.Due to being positioned by limit hole Mode be not avoided that the rotation for lengthening long axle sleeve 112 and play, therefore introduce clamp system 25 to lengthen long axle sleeve 112 into Row clamping prevents from lengthening the precision that long axle sleeve 112 rotates or play influence is welded.Determined again by jacking mechanism 23 with width Position device 212, which coordinates, holds out against the front and rear of fork arm 13.After being performed integrally positioning and holding out against, by fork arm 13, length Axle sleeve 111, the long axle sleeve 112 of lengthening and short sleeve 12 are welded and fixed, and complete the welding of interior fork part.
Above-mentioned jacking mechanism 23 is two-way jacking mechanism, once-through operation and can complete to hold out against task, reduces positioning, top The quantity of tight mechanism.And above-mentioned jacking mechanism 23 employs pneumatic or hydraulic-driven, reduces and clamps the time, improves work Make efficiency.
Embodiment 3:
Referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is the welding tooling structure diagram of outer fork part.Workpiece mounting bracket 24 be rectangle framework structure, frame The both sides of body offer four groups of symmetrical through-holes, and the position of through-hole is determined by the position of short sleeve 12.Fork arm 13 is placed first In on workpiece mounting bracket 24, end gauge 211 is installed on workpiece mounting bracket 24 and positioned at 13 one end of fork arm, passes through end Positioning device 211 carries out lateral Primary Location to the position of fork arm 13;Width positioning device 212 is installed on the inside of fork arm 13, The width of fork arm 13 is positioned by width positioning device 212, by lateral Primary Location and width Primary Location to fork The approximate location of bar 13 defines.Outer fork class part includes one and lengthens long axle sleeve 112 and two groups of short sleeves 12, interior fastening dress Put 222 with outer clamp device 221 coordinate to two groups of short sleeves 12 carry out positioning hold out against.Long axle sleeve 112 is lengthened since length is long, It can not be limited by the through-hole on frame.Therefore groove is provided on workpiece mounting bracket 24, band is provided with outside groove There is the long axle sleeve fastening device 223 of limit hole.It lengthens long axle sleeve 112 to be positioned in groove and across limit hole, passes through limit hole It is positioned.Rotation and the play of long axle sleeve 112 are lengthened due to not being avoided that by way of being positioned limit hole, is drawn Clamp system 25 is entered and has been clamped to lengthening long axle sleeve 112, prevented from lengthening that long axle sleeve 112 rotates or play influences welding Precision.Coordinated again by outer clamp device 221 with width positioning device 212 and the front and rear of fork arm 13 is held out against. After being performed integrally positioning and holding out against, fork arm 13, long axle sleeve 111, the long axle sleeve 112 of lengthening and short sleeve 12 are welded and fixed, it is complete Into the welding of interior fork part.
Above-mentioned jacking mechanism 23 once-through operation and can be completed to hold out against task all for two-way jacking mechanism, reduce positioning, push up The quantity of tight mechanism.And above-mentioned jacking mechanism 23 employs pneumatic or hydraulic-driven, reduces and clamps the time, improves work Make efficiency.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, for the skill of this field For art personnel, the invention may be variously modified and varied.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part, the inside and outside fork class part include two fork arms(13), two root longs Axle sleeve(111)With two short sleeves(12), the fork arm(13)Head, middle part, tail portion offer connecting hole and two fork arms (13)In parallel arrangement, wherein a root long axle sleeve(111)It is each passed through two fork arms(13)Head connecting hole, another root long axis Set(111)It is each passed through two fork arms(13)Tail portion connecting hole, two short sleeves(12)It is each passed through two fork arms(13)'s Middle part connecting hole, which is characterized in that the welding tooling includes workpiece mounting bracket(24), for positioning fork arm(13)Localization machine Structure, for holding out against fork arm(13)Jacking mechanism(23)And axle sleeve retention mechanism, the axle sleeve retention mechanism are included to long axis Set(111)And short sleeve(12)The outer clamp device fastened(221)And to short sleeve(12)The interior fastening fastened Device(222), the detent mechanism, the axle sleeve retention mechanism and the jacking mechanism(23)It is both secured to workpiece mounting bracket (24)On.
A kind of 2. welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the localization machine Structure includes end gauge(211)With width positioning device(212), the end gauge(211)Positioned at fork arm(13) One end head is used for fork arm(13)End is positioned, the width positioning device(212)Positioned at fork arm(13)Forepart is with after It is used on the outside of portion to fork arm(13)Width positioned.
3. the welding tooling of a kind of inside and outside fork class part according to claim 2, which is characterized in that described to hold out against machine Structure(23)Positioned at two fork arms(13)Inside and width positioning device(212)Cooperation holds out against fork arm(13)Front and rear.
A kind of 4. welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the workpiece peace It shelves(24)On offer through-hole, the lead to the hole site is by the fork arm(13)Connection hole site determine, it is described it is outer fastening dress It puts(221)Including cylinder body and piston rod, the cylinder body is fixed on the outside of the through-hole, and the piston rod passes through cylinder body across through-hole Transmission is stretched with to long axle sleeve(111)And short sleeve(12)It is fastened.
A kind of 5. welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the interior fastening Device(222)Positioned at fork arm(13)Middle part connection hole coordinates outer clamp device(221)To short sleeve(12)It is fastened.
6. the welding tooling of a kind of inside and outside fork class part according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to hold out against machine Structure(23)For two-way jacking mechanism.
A kind of 7. welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the outer fastening Device(221)For hydraulic fastener or air pressure clamp device.
CN201810028105.6A 2018-01-11 2018-01-11 A kind of welding tooling of inside and outside fork class part Active CN108161311B (en)

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CN108161311B CN108161311B (en) 2019-11-29

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2500347A1 (en) * 1981-02-23 1982-08-27 Jacquemond Jean Baptiste Positioning jig for welding balcony railings - adjustable to suit rail and bar spacing
CN201960305U (en) * 2011-03-23 2011-09-07 中国北车集团大同电力机车有限责任公司 Locomotive framework assembly tool
CN202199968U (en) * 2011-07-04 2012-04-25 株洲联诚集团有限责任公司 Welding tooling for subway underframe end structure
CN202539882U (en) * 2012-04-30 2012-11-21 江苏诚天机械有限公司 Clamp for welding motorcycle frame
CN202877771U (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-04-17 江苏巨超重工机械有限公司 Excavator central platform hydraulic assembling and welding tool
CN203992924U (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-12-10 河北昊昱机电设备研究所有限公司 Lift movable joint welding tooling

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2500347A1 (en) * 1981-02-23 1982-08-27 Jacquemond Jean Baptiste Positioning jig for welding balcony railings - adjustable to suit rail and bar spacing
CN201960305U (en) * 2011-03-23 2011-09-07 中国北车集团大同电力机车有限责任公司 Locomotive framework assembly tool
CN202199968U (en) * 2011-07-04 2012-04-25 株洲联诚集团有限责任公司 Welding tooling for subway underframe end structure
CN202539882U (en) * 2012-04-30 2012-11-21 江苏诚天机械有限公司 Clamp for welding motorcycle frame
CN202877771U (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-04-17 江苏巨超重工机械有限公司 Excavator central platform hydraulic assembling and welding tool
CN203992924U (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-12-10 河北昊昱机电设备研究所有限公司 Lift movable joint welding tooling

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Effective date of registration: 20200520

Address after: 412000 Room 101, building C9, Xingsha international logistics park, Changsha Economic and Technological Development Zone, Changsha City, Hunan Province

Patentee after: Hunan Tianyi Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: Forty-six, 412000 District, chestnut rain Industrial Park, Tianyuan District, Hunan, Zhuzhou

Patentee before: ZHUZHOU TIANYI AUTOWELDING SYSTEM Co.,Ltd.

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