CN108157002A - The breeding method of 1 year three batch fruiting of southern Table Grape - Google Patents

The breeding method of 1 year three batch fruiting of southern Table Grape Download PDF

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CN108157002A
CN108157002A CN201711471148.3A CN201711471148A CN108157002A CN 108157002 A CN108157002 A CN 108157002A CN 201711471148 A CN201711471148 A CN 201711471148A CN 108157002 A CN108157002 A CN 108157002A
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fruit
grams
branch
grape
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CN108157002B (en
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肖委明
罗辉
王国庆
旷允慧
王忠先
宋明昌
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Ji'an Gardening Farm
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

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  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
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  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)
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Abstract

The invention discloses the breeding methods of 1 year three batch fruiting of southern Table Grape, include the following steps:Select the fruitful branch for having 0.89-1.8 ㎝ rugosity in Early-mid ripening kind, by strengthen fertilizer and water management and multiple pinching technical finesse and it is auxiliary be used PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree sprinkling carry out vernalization lure flower, and strengthen blooming period management and fruit thinning, strong fruit technology the relevant arts means such as fruit setting management, 1 year three batch fruiting of grape can be achieved completely;This method have the advantage that being staggered the grape fruit central selling busy season, the sale period is widened, the problem of preferably alleviating market grape overstocking and sluggish sale, balances market supply, alleviates promotion pressure of mutually demanding a lower price, the corresponding input-output ratio for improving orchard worker increases orchard worker's income.

Description

The breeding method of 1 year three batch fruiting of southern Table Grape
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation management technology of fruit, particularly with regard to cultivation and the management of the multiple fruiting of grape Method is especially a kind of breeding method of 1 year three batch fruiting of southern Table Grape.
Background technology
For grape because of its nutritive value height, sweet and sour taste is one of favorite fruit of people.In recent years, in south China, Government effectively guide and investor pursue enthusiasm under, cultivated area is increased sharply.Grape is because of its climate and season Influence, generally concentrate listing, for being located in Ji'an Prefecture of Jiangxi Province, Table Grape in the annual 7-9 months in south China Fruit, early-maturing variety are usually that can list first flower, 20 days or so June at the beginning of 4 months, fruit growth period about 80 days or so;Middle cooked food Kind can list, fruit growth period about 100 days or so on July 20 or so generally in later stage early April first flower;Late variety one As be also in later stage early April first flower, mid-August, mid-term or so can list, fruit growth period about 125 days or so.Thus may be used See, it is in three months that Table Grape fruit, which concentrates Time To Market, easily causes Table Grape overstocking and sluggish sale in short-term, is mutually pressed Valency promotes, this valency low embarrassment for hindering agriculture, the strong influence production enthusiasm of farmer.It is concentrated to change grape fruit City, expands grape fruit Time To Market, and those skilled in the art's majority is all cultivating precocious or more precocious, late-maturing or more late-maturing product It works hard on kind, the listing phase can be disperseed, to stablize grape fruit price, stablize orchard worker's income.But regardless of kind It is outstanding, typically 1 year batch fruiting.In order to expand the grape sales season, raising input-output ratio increases orchard worker's income, In recent years, have there is 1 year two batch fruiting technological achievement by experimental study in those skilled in the art.Such as, State Patent Office A kind of " the 1 year two receipts growing and cultivation side of denuclearization of grape is disclosed with 107360936 A of publication No. CN in 2017.11.21 days Method ".It should say, than one time fruiting of two batch fruitings is a much progress, still, the time of the fruit sale of secondary fruiting, still The period in 7-9 month central sellings is fallen, is not staggered the busy season, be far from solving to widen the sale period or alleviates city The problem of field grape overstocking and sluggish sale.
Invention content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to concentrate on for above-mentioned south China Table Grape on the annual 7-9 months City, causes overstocking and sluggish sale, promotion of mutually demanding a lower price, and the low present situation for hindering agriculture of valency and lists the phase to expand grape, improves year of orchard worker Input-output ratio provides a kind of breeding method of 1 year three batch fruiting of southern Table Grape.
The present invention technical solution be:
The breeding method of 1 year three batch fruiting of southern Table Grape, this method comprises the following steps:
1st, variety selection:Selection precocity or Early-mid ripening kind;
2nd, spray item is lured to select:
It is 1. for next year fruiting preparation branch, i.e., four nearest from mobile jib in order to not influence fruiting next year Branch not selects, other bearing basal shoot rugosity reach 0.89-1.8 ㎝ and all may be selected;
2. when having early summer bud on the branch of selection, it is interrupted top pinching in its -16 leaf segment of 13 leaf, remaining sublateral shoot is all smeared It removes, when having hibernaculum on the branch of selection, is interrupted top pinching in its 6-8 leaf segment, remaining sublateral shoot is all erased, with 250 times of PBO fruits Tree growth regulation agent is spilt sprouting branch progress foliar spray;
3rd, vernalization lures flower:
1. in ripe grape fruit storage 20% or so in tree body, in time to grape fruit tree, by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, 15% potassium mix 750 grams/every plant application;
2. to the branch 2. selected in above-mentioned steps 2, with 50% cyanamide by weight 10:250 aqueous solutions are smeared Terminal bud;Soil moisture should keep 80% or so;After 15 days, when sprouting branch and reaching 6 leaf, top pinching of breaking, and with 500 times of PBO Promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree carries out foliage spray to sprouting branch, after 5 days, then to fruit tree by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, 15% potassium mix 450 grams/every plant application;
3. to the sublateral shoot that spray item is lured to sprout, should promote to lure the aging lignifying of colored shoot and bud by the pinching repeatedly of 2 leaves Eye is aging and delays terminal bud germination, and allowing into flower has grace time to carry out nutrient accumulation, accelerates inflorescence potted flower;
4th, blooming period management:
1. when Inflorescence Differentiation completes a quarter, pinching at a leaf is taken in branch;
2. when daily temperature reaches 28 DEG C or so, when inflorescence opening 1/5th, match 1000 for 1 gram with 0.1% chloropyuril Gram 1 gram of aqueous solution and 20% gibberellic acid it is mixed with 3000 grams of aqueous solutions with 1 gram of 4000 grams of aqueous solutions and 72% agricultural streptomycin Solution is closed, inflorescence is soaked;
3. anti-infection germ:After above-mentioned 2. dip-flower in 12 hours, match 1000 grams of aqueous solutions with mould more grams 1 gram of 66.8% 1 gram of mixed liquor with 1000 grams of aqueous solutions of pyrimethanil with 40%, squirts inflorescence and blade;
5th, fruit setting management:
1. fruit thinning:When occurring being molded fruit shape, fruit thinning should be carried out in time, and 100-120 are retained per fringe;
2. the strong fruit of training:To fruit tree by weight 0.5:The totally 500 grams of mixing/every of 0.5 15% phosphorus content, 15% potassium content Strain applies;
3. prevent day from burning:When daily temperature degree reaches 30 DEG C or more, bagging should be carried out to fruit, avoid sunburst day Burn fruit.Supplement as above-mentioned technical proposal:
In carrying out above-mentioned steps 2 and luring spray item selection step process, if daily temperature continuously maintains 29 DEG C or more, It need to be carried out foliar spray to being sprouted branch with 250 times of PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree again and spilt, bud differentiation during its purpose is to promote.
3 vernalization of above-mentioned steps lure flower during, if daily temperature reaches 32 DEG C or more, lure for the first time spend it is unsuccessful When, in the tender sublateral shoot 4-5 leaf segments interruption top pinching in top flower should be lured for the second time, then with 50% cyanamide by weight 10: 250 aqueous solutions smear terminal bud;Soil moisture should keep 80% or so.
The present invention has the following advantages:1st, it is staggered the grape fruit central selling busy season, third batch grape fruit can be The 11-12 months list, widen sale the period, preferably alleviate market grape overstocking and sluggish sale the problem of.2nd, since the sale that has been staggered is prosperous Season market supply is balanced, alleviate promotion pressure of mutually demanding a lower price, make grape fruit price maintenance equilibrium state, it is corresponding to improve The input-output ratio of orchard worker increases orchard worker's income.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described With reference to embodiment:
The breeding method of 1 year three batch fruiting of southern Table Grape, this method comprises the following steps:
1st, variety selection:The selection early summer, the summer is black, liquor-saturated gold is fragrant, huge rose is precocious or Early-mid ripening kind;
2nd, spray item is lured to select:
1. in order to not influence fruiting next year, it is for next year fruiting preparation branch, i.e., four nearest from mobile jib Branch not selects, other bearing basal shoot rugosity reach 0.89-1.8 ㎝ and all may be selected;
2. when having early summer bud on the branch of selection, it is interrupted top pinching in its -16 leaf segment of 13 leaf, remaining sublateral shoot is all smeared It removes;If temperature reaches 28 DEG C or more, foliar spray is carried out to sprouting branch with 250 times of PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree and is spilt, its purpose is to Bud differentiation during rush when having hibernaculum on the branch of selection, is interrupted top pinching in its 6-8 leaf segment, remaining sublateral shoot is all erased, and is used 250 times of PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree carry out foliar spray to sprouting branch and spill, bud differentiation during its purpose is to promote;
3rd, vernalization lures flower:
1. in tree body during ripe grape fruit storage 20% or so, in time to grape fruit tree, by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 Nitrogen, each 250 grams of mixing/every plant of application of phosphorus, potassium, its tree body is made to restore healthy and strong;
2. to the branch 2. selected in above-mentioned steps 2, with 50% cyanamide by weight 10:250 aqueous solutions are smeared Terminal bud;Soil moisture should keep 80% or so;After 15 days, when sprouting branch and reaching 6 leaf, top pinching of breaking, and with 500 times of PBO Promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree carries out foliage spray to sprouting branch, its purpose is to inhibit young sprout excessive growth, after 5 days, then to fruit tree by weight Measure ratio 0.5:0.3:0.2 nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium mixing/every plant of application;Its purpose is to promote the stalwartness of young sprout and young flower quality;
3. to the sublateral shoot that spray item is lured to sprout, should promote to lure the aging lignifying of colored shoot and bud by the pinching repeatedly of 2 leaves Eye is aging and delays terminal bud germination, and allowing into flower has grace time to carry out nutrient accumulation, and shoot apex can be avoided to be generated because of high temperature Shock wave, and inflorescence potted flower can be accelerated;
4. when temperature reaches 32 DEG C or more, lure for the first time when spending unsuccessful, it should be in the tender sublateral shoot 4-5 leaf segments interruption in top Pinching is pushed up, is lured flower for the second time, then with 50% cyanamide by weight 10:250 aqueous solutions smear terminal bud;Soil moisture should protect Hold 80% or so;
4th, blooming period management:
1. when Inflorescence Differentiation completes a quarter, take and stay a leaf pinching;
2. when daily temperature reaches 28 DEG C or so, when inflorescence opening 1/5th, match 1000 for 1 gram with 0.1% chloropyuril Gram 1 gram of aqueous solution and 20% gibberellic acid it is mixed with 3000 grams of aqueous solutions with 1 gram of 4000 grams of aqueous solutions and 72% agricultural streptomycin Solution is closed, inflorescence is soaked once, the purpose is to reduce fruit drop phenomenon, elongates inflorescence;
3. in upper step 4 2. after dip-flower in 12 hours, match 1000 grams of aqueous solutions and 40% with mould more grams 1 gram of 66.8% 1 gram of pyrimethanil with 1000 grams of aqueous solution mixed liquors, inflorescence and blade are squirted, the purpose is to prevent inflorescence and fruit infect it is mould Bacterium reduces fruit drop;
5th, fruit setting management:
1. fruit thinning:When occurring being molded fruit shape, fruit thinning is carried out, retains 100-120 per fringe string;
2. the strong fruit of training:To fruit tree by weight 0.5:Each 300 grams of mixing/every plant of application of 0.5 phosphorus, potassium;The purpose is to In order to which fruit is promoted to expand rapidly;
3. prevent day from burning:When daily temperature degree reaches 30 DEG C or more, bagging should be carried out to fruit, avoid sunburst day Burn fruit;
4. pay attention to overlay film envelope canopy ahead of time:Outdoor cultivation inductive phase answers overlay film to take shelter from rain, and simple canopy management field answers fruit to reach 4 Gram start to seal canopy management, canopy Nei Wengao opens canopy ventilation more than 30 degree, seals canopy at night and keeps the temperature, attention potash fertilizer and phosphorus fertilization.
Herein further supplementary explanation be, because grape growth, bloom, result is in behavior adjustment management cultivating process is carried out, by Very big to the influence of the factors such as synoptic climate, pest and disease damage, rich water, after using above-mentioned each technological means, result is also possible to meeting There is effect unsatisfactory.Should Special attention will be given to be again herein:1. spray item is lured to select:Inducing branch should reject from master Nearest coming year fruiting preparation branch is done, remaining branch, which can all induce, puts fruit.Early summer bud lures to spend and generally be selected between -16 leaf segment of 13 leaf, Hibernaculum lures to spend and generally be selected between 6-8 leaf segments, more than mainly 9 leaves most extensive managements or pinching hibernaculum had sprouted repeatedly, It is zero to have sprouted hibernaculum into probability is spent.2. fertilizer and water management:The flower that lures of fruiting is to consume a large amount of nutrition foundation in tree body three times On lure colored fruit setting again, lower sufficient liquid manure should be paid attention to lure to spend successful key, bud eye be forced before sprouting tree base fertilizer should with diazonium, in Phosphorus, middle potassium mix appropriate fertiliser containing magnesium, foliar fertilizer with high phosphorus with master, supplemented by full element.Lure after spending successfully using middle nitrogen, middle phosphorus, middle potassium as It is main, it should be based on potash fertilizer after the swollen fruit of fruit setting.3. lure spray tip management.Late summer shoot lure spend before 15~20 days, fruiting position is not sprouted On the section of hair, two are carried out to leading shoot and is all erased to pinching three times, while by the summer bud sublateral shoot that lower part has been sprouted, nutrition is natural It has focused in the summer bud that top is not yet sprouted, the preferable inflorescence of quality can have been obtained, if encountering high temperature, it may appear that on second branch There is no inflorescence, when its lamina 4~5, then stay 2~3 leaf pinching, the secondary sublateral shoot result of summer bud can be obtained.The preparation aging winter The bud tip lures flower, in 9 leaves to transfer two hibernaculums, after bud eyes is waited to loosen, divests two leaf of top two panels, the hibernaculum meeting of leading shoot top It is forced to sprout, if fertilizer and water management is in place, after hibernaculum Secondary Branch exposes inflorescence, it is that honeysuckle or double tips four are spent that can generally obtain.④ It lures and key is spent successfully to be how quickly to allow tender tip lignifying and bud eye aging, can also pass through spray by 2 leaf pinching repeatedly It applies PBO and accelerates that branch is aging and nutrient accumulation.For improve fruit setting ability, expose inflorescence and should leading shoot pinching as early as possible, delay to push up Bud is sprouted, and allows into spend to have ample time carrying out nutrient accumulation, and can avoid apical dominance because of high temperature shock wave, and can accelerate inflorescence Potted flower.5. fruit setting management:Fruiting should have any different with secondary fruiting fruit retention three times, and fruiting is not easy garland, and have because of temperature height three times Full blossom fruit drop is swift and violent, if fungal infection, easily causes and bloomed last night, only remains more than ten tomorrow afternoon above, fruit setting closes Key be requirement the flowers are in blossom five or more start fruit retention, add 1 Ke Qibao with 1.5 kg of water dip-flowers with 1 chloropyuril, after fruit setting just Paying attention to fruit bagging avoids day from burning.Ten days planted agents fruit thinning as early as possible after fruit retention, strengthens fertilizer and water management.It is no longer done after fruit thinning and expands place Reason, if available 1 chloropyuril of devoting exclusive attention to output adds 1 Ke Qibao, with 0.5 kilogram of water logging fruit, the maturity period can push away late 20 days or so. Pay attention to overlay film envelope canopy ahead of time:Outdoor cultivation inductive phase answers overlay film to take shelter from rain, and simple canopy management field answers fruit to reach 4 grams to start to seal canopy Management, canopy Nei Wengao open canopy ventilation more than 30 degree, seal canopy heat preservation at night, pay attention to potash fertilizer and phosphorus fertilization.
Embodiment one
Field No.1 is tested, 1.1 mu of area, kind, the early summer is black, cultivates apple trees within 2 years, bearing basal shoot rugosity generally exists 1.2 ㎝ or so carried out foliar spray to sprouting branch with 250 times of PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree July 25 and spill, there is early summer bud on branch When, it is interrupted top pinching in 13 leaf segments.In ripe grape fruit storage 18% in its tree body, with by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 Nitrogen, phosphorus, 500 grams of mixing of potassium/every plant of application;Meanwhile with 50% cyanamide by weight 10:250 aqueous solutions smear terminal bud;Soil Humidity should keep 80% or so;August 10 days, to sprouting at 6 leaf segment of branch, top pinching of breaking, and with 500 times of PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree Foliage spray is carried out to sprouting branch, August 15 days, then to fruit tree by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium mixing 250 Gram/every plant of application;Promote the stalwartness of young sprout and young flower quality;In August 20 days, Inflorescence Differentiation completed a quarter, in its branch Item bloom on a leaf at carry out disconnected top pinching;In August 21 days, with 0.1% chloropyuril, 1 gram of aqueous solution and 20% for matching 1000 grams 1 gram of gibberellic acid soaks inflorescence with 1 gram of mixed solution with 3000 grams of aqueous solutions of 4000 grams of aqueous solutions and 72% agricultural streptomycin Once, to reduce fruit drop phenomenon, inflorescence is elongated;It is water-soluble with 1000 grams with mould more grams 1 gram of 66.8% in 12 hours Liquid and 40% 1 gram of pyrimethanil squirt inflorescence and blade, with 1000 grams of aqueous solution mixed liquors to prevent inflorescence and fruit from infecting Mould reduces fruit drop;August 28 days carries out fruit thinning, retains 100-120 per fringe string;August 29 days to fruit tree by weight Than 0.5:0.5 phosphorus, potassium mix 500 grams/every plant application;Fruit to be promoted to expand rapidly;And bagging is carried out to fruit, it avoids strong Burn sunlight day fruit.First fruit was picked in 29th October, finally in November 20, whole to all fruits to have picked, production 3000 jin of amount, price be averaged 4.5 yuan/jin, 13500 yuan of mu income.
Embodiment two
Field two is tested, 0.8 mu of area, kind, liquor-saturated gold is fragrant, cultivates apple trees within 3 years, bearing basal shoot rugosity generally exists 1.4 ㎝ or so were interrupted top pinching July 28 in 13 leaf segments, and foliar spray is carried out to sprouting branch with 250 times of PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree It spills, when having early summer bud on branch.In ripe grape fruit storage 23% in its tree body, with by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 Each 250 grams of mixing/every plant of application of 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, 15% potassium;Meanwhile with 50% cyanamide by weight 10:250 is water-soluble Liquid smears terminal bud;Soil moisture should keep 80% or so;August 15 days, to sprouting at 6 leaf segment of branch, top pinching of breaking, and with 500 Times PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree carries out foliage spray to sprouting branch, August 20 days, then to fruit tree by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, 15% potassium mix 450 grams/every plant application;Promote the stalwartness of young sprout and young flower quality;In August 23 days, Inflorescence Differentiation completes a quarter, and disconnected top pinching is carried out at the leaf on its branch is bloomed;In August 25 days, with 0.1% chlorine pyrrole 1 gram of urea matches 3000 with 1 gram of 1000 grams of aqueous solution and 20% gibberellic acid with 1 gram of 4000 grams of aqueous solutions and 72% agricultural streptomycin The mixed solution of gram aqueous solution, soaks inflorescence once, to reduce fruit drop phenomenon, elongates inflorescence;In 12 hours, use Mould more grams 1 gram of 66.8% with 1000 grams of aqueous solutions and 40% 1 gram of pyrimethanil with 1000 grams of aqueous solution mixed liquors, to inflorescence and Blade squirts, and to prevent inflorescence and fruit fungal infection, reduces fruit drop;August 30 days carries out fruit thinning, retains per fringe string 100-120;August 29 days is to fruit tree by weight 0.5:Each 300 grams of mixing/every plant of application of 0.5 phosphorus, potassium;To promote fruit fast Speed is expanded;And bagging is carried out to fruit, avoid the fruit that burns sunburst day.First fruit was picked in 6th November, finally 11 Months 29 days, all fruits all picks, 2600 jin of yield, price is averaged 5 yuan/jin, 13000 yuan of mu income.
Embodiment three
Experiment field three, 0.5 mu of area, kind, huge rose cultivate apple trees for 2 years, and bearing basal shoot rugosity generally exists 1.1 ㎝ or so were interrupted top pinching July 29 in 13 leaf segments, and foliar spray is carried out to sprouting branch with 250 times of PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree It spills, when having early summer bud on branch.In ripe grape fruit storage 15% in its tree body, with by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 Each 250 grams of mixing/every plant of application of 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, 15% potassium;Meanwhile with 50% cyanamide by weight 10:250 is water-soluble Liquid smears terminal bud;Soil moisture should keep 80% or so;August 17 days, to sprouting at 6 leaf segment of branch, top pinching of breaking, and with 500 Times PBO promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree carries out foliage spray to sprouting branch, August 21 days, then to fruit tree by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 Each 150 grams of mixing/every plant of application of 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, 15% potassium;Promote the stalwartness of young sprout and young flower quality;In August 26 days, Its Inflorescence Differentiation completes a quarter, and disconnected top pinching is carried out at the leaf on its branch is bloomed;In August 29 days, with 0.1% 1 gram of chloropyuril is matched with 1 gram of 1000 grams of aqueous solution and 20% gibberellic acid with 1 gram of 4000 grams of aqueous solutions and 72% agricultural streptomycin The mixed solution of 3000 grams of aqueous solutions soaks inflorescence once, to reduce fruit drop phenomenon, elongates inflorescence;At 12 hours It is interior, it is right with mould more grams 1 gram of 66.8% with 1000 grams of aqueous solutions and 40% 1 gram of pyrimethanil with 1000 grams of aqueous solution mixed liquors Inflorescence and blade squirt, and to prevent inflorescence and fruit fungal infection, reduce fruit drop;September 7 days carries out fruit thinning, is protected per fringe string Stay 100-120;September 8 days is to fruit tree by weight 0.5:Each 300 grams of mixing/every plant of application of 0.5 phosphorus, potassium;To promote fruit It expands rapidly;And bagging is carried out to fruit, avoid the fruit that burns sunburst day.First fruit was picked in 18th November, finally December 6, all fruits all picks, 1500 jin of yield, price is averaged 5 yuan/jin, 7500 yuan of mu income.
The above content is a further detailed description of the present invention in conjunction with specific preferred embodiments, it is impossible to assert The specific implementation of the present invention is confined to these explanations.For those of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, exist Several equivalent substitute or obvious modifications are made under the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, and performance or use is identical, then should It is considered as belonging to the protection domain that claims that the present invention is submitted determine.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of breeding method of south 1 year three batch fruiting of Table Grape, this method comprises the following steps:
(1) variety selection:Selection precocity or Early-mid ripening kind;
(2) spray item is lured to select:
In order to not influence fruiting next year, for next year fruiting preparation branch, i.e., four branches nearest from mobile jib are not Selection is given, other bearing basal shoot rugosity reach 0.89-1.8 ㎝ and all may be selected;
When having early summer bud on the branch of selection, it is interrupted top pinching in its -16 leaf segment of 13 leaf, remaining sublateral shoot is all erased, and is elected to When having hibernaculum on the branch selected, it is interrupted top pinching in its 6-8 leaf segment, remaining sublateral shoot is all erased, and promotees control with 250 times of PBO fruit trees Agent is spilt sprouting branch progress foliar spray;
(3) vernalization lures flower:
In ripe grape fruit storage 20% or so in tree body, in time to grape fruit tree, by weight 0.5:0.3:The 15% of 0.2 Nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, 15% potassium mix 750 grams/every plant application;
To in above-mentioned steps 2The branch selected, with 50% cyanamide by weight 10:250 aqueous solutions smear terminal bud;Soil Earth humidity should keep 80% or so;After 15 days, when sprouting branch reaches 6 leaf, top pinching of breaking, and promote control with 500 times of PBO fruit trees Agent carries out foliage spray to sprouting branch, after 5 days, then to fruit tree by weight 0.5:0.3:0.2 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, 15% Potassium mixes 450 grams/every plant application;
To the sublateral shoot that spray item is lured to sprout, should promote to lure the aging lignifying of colored shoot and bud eye old by the pinching repeatedly of 2 leaves Ripe and delay terminal bud germination, allowing into flower has grace time to carry out nutrient accumulation, accelerates inflorescence potted flower;
(4) blooming period management:
When Inflorescence Differentiation completes a quarter, pinching at a leaf is taken in branch;
When daily temperature reaches 28 DEG C or so, when inflorescence opening 1/5th, with 0.1% chloropyuril, 1 gram of water for matching 1000 grams 1 gram of solution and 20% gibberellic acid are right with 1 gram of mixed solution with 3000 grams of aqueous solutions of 4000 grams of aqueous solutions and 72% agricultural streptomycin Inflorescence soaks;
Anti- infection germ:Above-mentionedAfter dip-flower in 12 hours, match 1000 grams of aqueous solutions and 40% with mould more grams 1 gram of 66.8% The mixed liquor of 1 gram of pyrimethanil with 1000 grams of aqueous solutions, inflorescence and blade are squirted;
(5) fruit setting management:
Fruit thinning:When occurring being molded fruit shape, fruit thinning should be carried out in time, and 100-120 are retained per fringe;
The strong fruit of training:To fruit tree by weight 0.5:The totally 500 grams of mixing/every plant of application of 0.5 15% phosphorus content, 15% potassium content;
Prevent day from burning:When daily temperature degree reaches 30 DEG C or more, bagging should be carried out to fruit, avoid fruit of burning sunburst day It is real.
2. the breeding method of south 1 year three batch fruiting of Table Grape as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that carrying out The step 2 is lured in spray item selection step process, need to be again with 250 times of PBO if daily temperature continuously maintains 29 DEG C or more Promoting and controlling agent for fruit tree is spilt sprouting branch progress foliar spray.
3. the breeding method of south 1 year three batch fruiting of Table Grape as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that carrying out During step 3 vernalization lures flower, if daily temperature reaches 32 DEG C or more, lure for the first time when spending unsuccessful, it should be at top Tender sublateral shoot 4-5 leaf segments interruption top pinching is lured flower, then with 50% cyanamide by weight 10 for the second time:250 aqueous solutions are smeared Terminal bud;Soil moisture should keep 80% or so.
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CN109548554A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-04-02 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 A kind of facility grape increases the cultural method of fruit
CN111887092A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-06 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Breeding method for two-year-of-one-year-of-breeding of grapes

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