CN108146525A - A kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat and process - Google Patents

A kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat and process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108146525A
CN108146525A CN201810003376.6A CN201810003376A CN108146525A CN 108146525 A CN108146525 A CN 108146525A CN 201810003376 A CN201810003376 A CN 201810003376A CN 108146525 A CN108146525 A CN 108146525A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
traction seat
seat board
punching press
press muscle
stamped groove
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810003376.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨俊凡
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hefei Zero Point Network Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hefei Zero Point Network Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hefei Zero Point Network Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Hefei Zero Point Network Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810003376.6A priority Critical patent/CN108146525A/en
Publication of CN108146525A publication Critical patent/CN108146525A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D53/00Tractor-trailer combinations; Road trains
    • B62D53/04Tractor-trailer combinations; Road trains comprising a vehicle carrying an essential part of the other vehicle's load by having supporting means for the front or rear part of the other vehicle
    • B62D53/08Fifth wheel traction couplings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D53/00Making other particular articles
    • B21D53/88Making other particular articles other parts for vehicles, e.g. cowlings, mudguards

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat and processes, the traction seat includes traction seat, traction seat board bottom part down is welded with lower frame, stamped groove is provided in the middle part of traction seat board, stamped groove shape is inverted trapezoidal, draw pin openings are offered in the middle part of stamped groove, traction seat board below draw pin openings is further opened with V-type opening, drawing seat plate on both sides has one group of punching press muscle group, every group of punching press muscle group includes multiple punching press muscle being mutually parallel, punching press muscle extends to stamped groove lower outer portion obliquely from stamped groove upper outside, stabilizer blade frame welding is below two punching press muscle groups.The present invention offers two groups of punching press muscle groups in traction seat board upper edge Impact direction, on the one hand punching press muscle group increases the sectional area of force part totality, on the other hand the stress performance for changing position is also improved, so the mechanical property of force part can be kept in the case where reducing traction seat plate thickness, reach whole light-weighted purpose.

Description

A kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat and process
Technical field
The present invention relates to heavy truck pulling equipment technical fields, and more specifically, more particularly to a kind of lightweight is heavy Truck traction seat and process.
Background technology
With the rapid development of China's economy and the national input energetically to highway construction, highway transportation has become China Main means of transportation.Main equipment of the tractor truck as highway transportation, with its specialization is strong, useful load is big, transport is fast Prompt advantage, is used widely.Traction seat is the attachment device between tractor and semitrailer, although it is not very multiple Miscellaneous and noticeable component, but the safety equipment that a tractor truck is mostly important, if operation error or guarantor It is improper to support maintenance, serious safety accident may be caused.
Lightweight is carried out to entire automobile with the development need of automobile industry, truck traction seat cannot be straight in lightweight It connects and material is thinned, should be and such as raw material are directly thinned, it can be achieved that lightweight and drop this requirement, but traction cannot be met The performance requirements such as seat intensity.
Invention content
The first object of the present invention be to provide it is a kind of it is simple in structure, cost is relatively low, structural strength is high, the light weight of light weight Change heavy truck traction seat.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of process for producing traction seat board.
In order to realize the first object of the present invention, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat, including housing, the housing includes traction seat board, branch foot frame, upper ledge Frame, lower frame, the traction seat board surrounding have flange, and the traction seat board bottom centre position is welded with frame, described Upper frame is rectangular frame structure, and the traction seat board bottom part down is welded with lower frame, is provided in the middle part of the traction seat board Stamped groove, the stamped groove shape are inverted trapezoidal, offer draw pin openings in the middle part of the stamped groove, below the draw pin openings Traction seat board is further opened with V-type opening, and the traction seat plate on both sides have one group of punching press muscle group, and punching press muscle group is wrapped described in every group Multiple punching press muscle being mutually parallel are included, the punching press muscle extends to stamped groove lower outer obliquely from stamped groove upper outside Portion, the stabilizer blade frame welding is below two punching press muscle groups.
Further, the punching press muscle top passes through the plate face of traction seat board to extend to the flange of traction seat board side, institute Stating punching press muscle lower part passes through the plate face of traction seat board to extend to the flange of V-type opening.
Further, each branch foot frame is hinged by shipping and reselling on another market with stabilizer blade, and the upper frame mid portion is also hinged with lock Hook, and tension spring stent is also equipped on the traction seat board of the upper frame mid portion, the tension spring stent is drawn with latch hook by first Spring connects, and first tension spring is for driving the latch hook to be removed from draw pin openings, between the draw pin openings and V-type opening Upper frame on be welded with guide plate, and the guide plate both sides and punching press muscle group welding, and also welded on the traction seat board There is the baffle plate being arranged in parallel with the guide plate, moveable voussoir is equipped between the guide plate and baffle plate, it is described The tail end of voussoir is hinged with pull rod, and the pull rod outer end is extend out to by drawing the opening of the pull rod on seat board outside the traction seat board Portion.
Further, the stabilizer blade include support plate, sleeve and reinforcing rib, the sleeve both sides be symmetrically welded there are two prop up Plate, the support plate include rake and support portion, two rakes and sleeve weld, and two support portions are in same Be welded in plane, and in the space between two rakes and sleeve the reinforcing rib, the housing and support plate by By Shot Blasting after robot welding.
Further, the traction seat board is molded by B510L board hydraulics.
Further, Safety buckle and angle groove are offered on the pull rod.
Further, adjustable gag lever post is also equipped in the traction seat board, institute is stretched out in one end of the gag lever post It states outside traction seat board, other end backstop is in towing pin hole location, for being limited for voussoir.
In order to realize the second object of the present invention, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of process for producing above-mentioned traction seat board, includes the following steps:
S1, according to plank shape blanking;
Two S2, die mould punching press muscle groups;
S3, traction seat board is molded;
S4, school type is carried out to traction seat board.
Further, each punching press muscle of punch forming successively in the step S2.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of the invention is that:Since traction seat is in stress, passed to successively by stabilizer blade Seat board, upper frame are drawn until towing pin, when drawing seat board sheet material, also needs to keep to draw seat board force part Preferable stress performance, so offering two groups of punching press muscle groups in traction seat board upper edge Impact direction, on the one hand punching press muscle group increases The sectional area of force part totality is added, has on the other hand also improved the stress performance for changing position, so can be led in reduction The mechanical property of force part is kept in the case of introduction plate thickness, reaches whole light-weighted purpose.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can be with Other attached drawings are obtained according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the lightweight heavy truck traction seat middle casing of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram that seat board is drawn in the lightweight heavy truck traction seat of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram for drawing seat board in the preferred embodiment of the present invention in lightweight heavy truck traction seat;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of the lightweight heavy truck traction seat of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of stabilizer blade in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the method schematic of the process of the traction seat board of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, so that advantages and features of the invention energy It is easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, so as to make a clearer definition of the protection scope of the present invention.
Refering to shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the present invention provides a kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat, including housing 1, the housing 1 includes traction seat board 11, branch foot frame 12, upper frame 13, lower frame 14, and 11 surrounding of the traction seat board has flange 112, institute It states traction seat board 11 bottom centre position and is welded with frame 13, the upper frame 13 is rectangular frame structure, the traction seat 11 bottom part down of plate is welded with lower frame 14, and described draw is provided with stamped groove 113 in the middle part of seat board 11, outside the stamped groove 113 Shape is inverted trapezoidal, and 113 middle part of stamped groove offers draw pin openings 114, the traction seat board 1 of 114 lower section of draw pin openings V-type opening 115 is further opened with, 11 both sides of the traction seat board have one group of punching press muscle group 116, punching press muscle group 116 described in every group Include multiple punching press muscle 1161 being mutually parallel, in the present embodiment, the length of punching press muscle 1161 is identical, outside punching press muscle group 116 Shape is parallelogram or in traction 11 two bottom sides whole die mould punching press muscle 1161 of seat board, and the punching press muscle 1161 is from punching 113 upper outside of indent extends to 113 lower outer portion of stamped groove obliquely, and the branch foot frame 12 is welded on two punchings 116 lower section of beading group.It is to pass to traction seat board 11, upper frame 13 successively by stabilizer blade 3 until leading since traction seat is in stress Draw pin, in order to which when drawing 11 sheet material of seat board, 11 force part of traction seat board also needs to keep preferable stress performance, institute To offer two groups of punching press muscle groups 116 in traction 11 upper edge Impact direction of seat board, 116 one side of punching press muscle group increases the stress The sectional area of position totality, on the other hand also improves the stress performance for changing position, so can 11 thickness of traction seat board reduced The mechanical property of force part is kept in the case of degree, reaches whole light-weighted purpose.
As shown in fig.3, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, 1161 top of punching press muscle passes through traction seat board 11 Plate face 111 extends to the flange 112 of 11 side of traction seat board, and 1161 lower part of punching press muscle passes through the plate face of traction seat board 11 111 extend to the flange 112 at V-type opening 115.By setting the punching press muscle 1161 of extension, in each punching press muscle of punching press When 1161,1161 both sides of punching press muscle facilitate contraction to form punching press muscle 1161.
As shown in fig.4, each branch foot frame 12 is 2 hinged with stabilizer blade 3 by shipping and reselling on another market, upper 13 middle part of frame is also Be hinged with latch hook 4, and tension spring stent 5 be also equipped on the traction seat board 11 at 13 middle part of the upper frame, the tension spring stent 5 with Latch hook 4 is connected by the first tension spring 6, and first tension spring 6 is described for the latch hook 4 to be driven to be removed from draw pin openings 114 Guide plate 7, and 7 both sides of the guide plate and punching press are welded on upper frame 13 between draw pin openings 114 and V-type opening 115 Muscle group 116 is welded, and is also welded with the baffle plate 8 being arranged in parallel with the guide plate 7, the guiding on the traction seat board 11 Moveable voussoir 9 is equipped between plate 7 and baffle plate 8, the tail end and pull rod 10 of the voussoir 9 are hinged, outside the pull rod 10 End is extend out to by drawing the opening of the pull rod on seat board 11 outside the traction seat board 11.The traction seat needs and tractor truck During disengagement, pull rod 10 is pulled, pull rod 10 pulls voussoir 9, and voussoir 9 is displaced outwardly along guide plate 7, meanwhile, the first tension spring 6 pulls lock Hook 4 is removed from draw pin openings 114, and draw pin openings 114 are opened.
Preferably, the traction seat board 11 is molded by B510L board hydraulics.So that housing integral strength greatly promotes.
Pull rod 10 shakes loosening in truck operational process in order to prevent, and Safety buckle 101 is offered on the pull rod 10 With angle groove 102.The Safety buckle 101 of pull rod 10, which can be installed on pull rod opening, can play safety effect, and pull rod 10 to It draws in seat board 11 during push, angle groove 102 can be stuck in pull rod opening.In order to make to be positioned in 9 moving process of voussoir, institute It states and adjustable gag lever post 117 is also equipped in traction seat board 11, the traction seat board 11 is stretched out in one end of the gag lever post 117 Outside, other end backstop is at 114 position of draw pin openings, for being limited for voussoir 9.
As shown in fig.5, the stabilizer blade 3 includes support plate 31, sleeve 32 and reinforcing rib 33, the 32 both sides balanced welding of sleeve It connects there are two support plate 31, the support plate 31 includes rake 311 and support portion 312, and two rakes 311 are welded with sleeve 32 It connects, two support portions 312 are in same plane, and are welded in the space between two rakes 311 and sleeve 32 Be connected to the reinforcing rib 33, the housing 1 and support plate 31 by after robot welding by Shot Blasting.The stabilizer blade 3 is compared to biography The casting stabilizer blade 3 of system avoids the internal porosity of casting, and interlayer waits bad defect, while is easy to detection control welding quality feelings Condition, the situation for avoiding the inside of casting that from cannot controlling promote stabilizer blade intensity.
As shown in fig.6, the present invention also provides a kind of process for producing above-mentioned traction seat board, include the following steps:
S1, according to plank shape blanking;
Two S2, die mould punching press muscle groups 116;
S3, traction seat board 11 is molded;
S4, school type is carried out to traction seat board 11.
By liquidating first, beading 1161 is molded, then whole again that traction seat board 11 is molded, and can effectively be prevented Only drawing other structures on seat board 11 influences the molding of punching press muscle 1161.Preferably, punch forming is every successively in the step S2 A punching press muscle 1161.This step be in order to liquidate every time beading 1161 be molded when, the panel shrinkage of 1161 both sides of punching press muscle, formed Punching press muscle 1161, the thickness of plank will not be thinning at punching press muscle 1161, the punching press muscle 1161 all compared to global formation, punching press muscle The plank of 116 both sides of group is not easy to shrink to 1161 direction of punching press muscle.Plank at 1161 position of punching press muscle is by being thinned deformation Form punching press muscle 1161.Whole mechanical property is not as good as the single each punching press muscle 1161 of molding.
Although being described in conjunction with the accompanying embodiments of the present invention, patent owner can be in appended claims Within the scope of make various deformations or amendments, as long as no more than the present invention the described protection domain of claim, all should Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat, including housing, it is characterised in that:The housing includes traction seat board, stabilizer blade Frame, upper frame, lower frame, the traction seat board surrounding have flange, and the traction seat board bottom centre position is welded with Frame, the upper frame are rectangular frame structure, and the traction seat board bottom part down is welded with lower frame, described to draw in seat board Portion is provided with stamped groove, and the stamped groove shape is inverted trapezoidal, and draw pin openings, the towing pin are offered in the middle part of the stamped groove Traction seat board below hole is further opened with V-type opening, and the traction seat plate on both sides have one group of punching press muscle group, punching press described in every group Muscle group includes multiple punching press muscle being mutually parallel, and the punching press muscle is extended under stamped groove obliquely from stamped groove upper outside Square outside portion, the stabilizer blade frame welding is below two punching press muscle groups.
2. lightweight heavy truck traction seat according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The punching press muscle top passes through and leads The plate face of introduction plate extends to the flange of traction seat board side, and the punching press muscle lower part passes through the plate face of traction seat board to extend to V The flange of type opening.
3. lightweight heavy truck traction seat according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Each branch foot frame passes through It ships and resell on another market and is hinged with stabilizer blade, the upper frame mid portion is also hinged with latch hook, and is also installed on the traction seat board of the upper frame mid portion Have tension spring stent, the tension spring stent is connect with latch hook by the first tension spring, first tension spring for drive the latch hook from It is removed in draw pin openings, guide plate, and the guide plate two is welded on the upper frame between the draw pin openings and V-type opening Side and punching press muscle group welding, and the baffle plate being arranged in parallel with the guide plate is also welded on the traction seat board, it is described to lead Moveable voussoir is equipped between plate and baffle plate, tail end and the pull rod of the voussoir are hinged, and the pull rod outer end passes through Pull rod opening on traction seat board is extend out to outside the traction seat board.
4. lightweight heavy truck traction seat according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The stabilizer blade includes support plate, set Cylinder and reinforcing rib, the sleeve both sides are symmetrically welded there are two support plate, and the support plate includes rake and support portion, described in two Rake and sleeve weld, two support portions are in same plane, and the sky between two rakes and sleeve Between in be welded with the reinforcing rib, the housing and support plate by after robot welding by Shot Blasting.
5. lightweight heavy truck traction seat according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The traction seat board is by B510L Board hydraulic is molded.
6. lightweight heavy truck traction seat according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Insurance is offered on the pull rod Buckle and angle groove.
7. lightweight heavy truck traction seat according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is also installed in the traction seat board There is adjustable gag lever post, one end of the gag lever post is stretched out outside the traction seat board, and other end backstop is in draw pin openings At position, for being limited for voussoir.
8. a kind of produce the process that seat board is drawn described in claim 1, which is characterized in that includes the following steps:
S1, according to plank shape blanking;
Two S2, die mould punching press muscle groups;
S3, traction seat board is molded;
S4, school type is carried out to traction seat board.
9. process according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The each punching press of punch forming successively in the step S2 Muscle.
CN201810003376.6A 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 A kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat and process Pending CN108146525A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810003376.6A CN108146525A (en) 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 A kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat and process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810003376.6A CN108146525A (en) 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 A kind of lightweight heavy truck traction seat and process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108146525A true CN108146525A (en) 2018-06-12

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0211417A1 (en) * 1985-08-06 1987-02-25 Georg Fischer Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement of the fifth-wheel support plates of a semi-trailer
SU1315080A1 (en) * 1985-08-07 1987-06-07 Московский автомеханический институт Die for sheet metal stamping
US20030047906A1 (en) * 2000-06-09 2003-03-13 Hicks William J. Lightweight narrow-span fifth wheel
CN201604650U (en) * 2009-12-16 2010-10-13 南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Stainless steel railway vehicle end wall structure
CN201792905U (en) * 2010-07-26 2011-04-13 常州市曙光车业有限公司 Front wheel cover for automobile
CN205926728U (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-02-08 江苏国力锻压机床有限公司 Continuous shaping buckled plate hydraulic press
CN206374851U (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-08-04 大运汽车股份有限公司 A kind of semi-trailer traction pin lightweight fixing device
CN206437088U (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-08-25 合肥久享机械有限责任公司 A kind of high-strength heavy load truck traction seat
CN107316960A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-03 山东国金汽车制造有限公司 A kind of energy storage device casing suitable for pure electric passenger vehicle

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0211417A1 (en) * 1985-08-06 1987-02-25 Georg Fischer Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement of the fifth-wheel support plates of a semi-trailer
SU1315080A1 (en) * 1985-08-07 1987-06-07 Московский автомеханический институт Die for sheet metal stamping
US20030047906A1 (en) * 2000-06-09 2003-03-13 Hicks William J. Lightweight narrow-span fifth wheel
CN201604650U (en) * 2009-12-16 2010-10-13 南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Stainless steel railway vehicle end wall structure
CN201792905U (en) * 2010-07-26 2011-04-13 常州市曙光车业有限公司 Front wheel cover for automobile
CN205926728U (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-02-08 江苏国力锻压机床有限公司 Continuous shaping buckled plate hydraulic press
CN206374851U (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-08-04 大运汽车股份有限公司 A kind of semi-trailer traction pin lightweight fixing device
CN206437088U (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-08-25 合肥久享机械有限责任公司 A kind of high-strength heavy load truck traction seat
CN107316960A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-03 山东国金汽车制造有限公司 A kind of energy storage device casing suitable for pure electric passenger vehicle

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Application publication date: 20180612

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