CN108131738A - A kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108131738A
CN108131738A CN201711379909.2A CN201711379909A CN108131738A CN 108131738 A CN108131738 A CN 108131738A CN 201711379909 A CN201711379909 A CN 201711379909A CN 108131738 A CN108131738 A CN 108131738A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
needle
electrode
metal mesh
pulsed discharge
cylindrical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711379909.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙少凡
高崧
卢进
樊竹
程金斌
陈发旺
李伯东
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718th Research Institute of CSIC
Original Assignee
718th Research Institute of CSIC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 718th Research Institute of CSIC filed Critical 718th Research Institute of CSIC
Priority to CN201711379909.2A priority Critical patent/CN108131738A/en
Publication of CN108131738A publication Critical patent/CN108131738A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/192Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by electrical means, e.g. by applying electrostatic fields or high voltages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/30Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by ionisation

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of needle net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus based on pulsed discharge, including insulation crust, high-voltage pulse power source, high-field electrode and grounding electrode, the high-field electrode and grounding electrode are located in insulation crust, and connect the high-pressure side and ground terminal of high-voltage pulse power source respectively;Wherein described grounding electrode is cylindrical surface metal mesh structure, and the high-field electrode is a row needle electrode, and straight line where needle electrode needle point tip is overlapped with the central axis corresponding to cylindrical surface.The present invention is under high voltage pulse driving, needle point formula electrode is discharged with certain frequency to the grounding electrode of metal mesh structure, make two interelectrode air ionizations, ion wind is formed under electric field driven, flow to closed or semi-enclosed space each corner, malodor molecules in region and bacterium etc. are purified, pure air.

Description

A kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to sterilization, deodorization purification techniques field, more particularly to a kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula from Sub- ventilating purification apparatus.
Background technology
The places such as lavatory, shoe chest or space are easily grown bacterium, generate peculiar smell, caused space due to its special purposes Interior air is dirty, influences people’s lives quality.
In the prior art, following three kinds of methods are used more to the removal of the spaces such as lavatory, shoe chest peculiar smell:Soda acid disinfection is covered Lid and absorption.Soda acid sterilization makes air in space restore pure and fresh, but acid and thimerosal cleaning by removing spot, killing bacterium Afterwards, dense tart flavour or thimerosal taste are often remained, causes secondary air pollution, and this method needs periodically to carry out, and takes and takes Power.Encapsulation method is often the article that can generate fragrance to be placed in peculiar smell space, such as air freshener, fresh flower, perfume, encapsulation method It only makes one pleasant on sense organ, but does not improve air quality.Absorption rule is that the absorption that can absorb peculiar smell is placed in peculiar smell space Agent, but adsorbent needs to replace in time, and waste also needs to post-process, and financial cost is high.
Invention content
In view of this, in order to solve defect in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of based on pulsed discharge Needle-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus, the device can realize efficient sterilizing deodorization, and small power consumption, long lifespan, no material consumption.
In order to achieve the above objectives, present invention generally provides following technical solutions:
A kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus, including insulation crust, high-voltage pulse power source, height Piezoelectricity pole and grounding electrode, the high-field electrode and grounding electrode are located in insulation crust, and connect high-voltage pulse power source respectively High-pressure side and ground terminal;Wherein
The grounding electrode is cylindrical surface metal mesh structure, and the high-field electrode is a row needle electrode, and needle-shaped Straight line where electrode needle sharp end is overlapped with the central axis corresponding to cylindrical surface.
Further, the front surface of insulation crust of the present invention is cylindrical surface lattice structure, and rear surface is plane Lattice structure, the grounding electrode are fixed by insulating support and front surface, and the high-field electrode passes through insulating support and rear table Face is fixed.
Further, high-voltage pulse power source of the present invention is located at the bottom of insulation crust.
Further, high-voltage pulse power source of the present invention is medium-high frequency pulse power supply.
Further, high-voltage pulse power source negative duty of the present invention<50%, peak impulse voltage is 6KV~20KV.
Further, needle electrode of the present invention is 1~50 equidistant tungsten needle on pcb board or gold-plated stainless steel Needle.
Further, cylindrical surface metal mesh structure of the present invention is derived from the 1/10~9/10 of complete cylindrical surface.
8th, the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 7, which is characterized in that institute Cylindrical surface metal mesh structure is stated as semi-cylindrical.
Further, cylindrical surface metal mesh of the present invention is punch metal plate or woven wire, cloth on metal mesh Porosity is more than 70%, and single hole corresponding area is no more than the circular hole area that radius is 2mm.
Further, the distance of the central axis of cylindrical surface metal mesh of the present invention to metal mesh is 5~30mm.
Advantageous effect
First, for the present invention under high voltage pulse driving, needle point formula electrode is electric with the ground connection of certain frequency to metal mesh structure Pole is discharged, and makes two interelectrode air ionizations, ion wind is formed under electric field driven, flow to closed or semi-enclosed space each Corner purifies the malodor molecules in region and bacterium etc., pure air.
Second, present invention selection cylindrical surface metal mesh electrode makes in same level needle point to the distance of metal mesh Identical, the ion field of generation evenly, avoids spark phenomenon, and the ion wind of formation uniformly flows out outward along cylindrical surface.
Third, insulation crust of the present invention is for the effective member in protection and fixed shell, and front and rear two sides is grid, It is recycled convenient for housing inner air and outer air.
4th, high-voltage pulse power source selected by the present invention is medium-high frequency pulse power supply, is ensureing the air by ion field On the basis of being adequately ionized, ozone yield and cumulant can be effectively reduced, and power is small, low energy consumption.
5th, the present invention can easily grow bacterium, the place or space that generate bacterium, safety, height used in lavatory, shoe chest etc. It imitates and easy to use.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure of needle based on pulsed discharge provided in an embodiment of the present invention-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus Schematic diagram.
The reference numerals are as follows:1st, 3,4,7 insulation crust is formed, 2 be cylindrical surface metal mesh;5 and 6 form needle point Formula high-field electrode.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment the present invention is further illustrated, but protection scope of the present invention is not It is limited to this.
A kind of ion ventilating purification apparatus based on needle-net vein impulse electricity, including insulation crust, high-voltage pulse power source, high pressure Electrode and grounding electrode, the high-field electrode and grounding electrode are located in insulation crust, and connect high-voltage pulse power source respectively High-pressure side and ground terminal;The grounding electrode is cylindrical surface metal mesh structure, and the high-field electrode is a row needle electrode, and Straight line where needle electrode needle point tip is overlapped with the central axis corresponding to cylindrical surface.
The present invention under high voltage pulse driving, with certain frequency to the grounding electrode of metal mesh structure put by needle point formula electrode Electricity makes two interelectrode air ionizations, ion wind is formed under electric field driven, flows to closed or semi-enclosed space each angle It falls, the malodor molecules in region and bacterium etc. is purified, pure air.Particularly, ion wind wind speed is calculated to arrive with needle point The ratio of the distance of metal mesh, the ratio are the optional low-limit frequency of the pulse power, to ensure the air by ion field areas Molecule still can be ionized all under pulse power driving.Meanwhile the setting of cylindrical surface metal mesh makes needle-web frame in the present invention The ion field of generation evenly, avoids spark phenomenon, and the ion wind of formation is uniformly flowed out along Curved surface metal net in semicircle covering of the fan.
The present embodiment, at least a pair of of opposite face of insulation crust is lattice structure, as shown in Figure 1, wherein 1 and 4 be front and rear Grid, front surface are cylindrical surface, and rear surface is plane, and grounding electrode is fixed by insulating support and front surface, high-voltage electricity It is flowed by insulating support and rear surface, front and rear lattice structure convenient for air pole;7 be pedestal, the internal high-voltage pulse power;3、4、 There are insulating support in 7 insides for fixed cylinder shape Curved surface metal net grounding electrode 2 and form needle point formula high-field electrode by 5,6.
The present embodiment, high-voltage pulse power source be medium-high frequency pulse power supply, negative duty<50%, peak impulse voltage is 6KV~20KV.
The present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1,5 be pcb board on needle point formula high-field electrode, an equidistant embedded row needle electrode thereon 6,6 material of needle electrode is wolfram steel or gold-plated stainless steel, inlays quantity and needle spacing is not limited only to shown in Fig. 1, Ke Yigen According to demand adjustment 6 quantity of needle electrode and arrangement spacing, the quantity for preferably selecting electrode 6 is 1-50, and needle grows 5~15mm, needle point Radius of curvature < 100um.
The present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, cylindrical surface metal mesh grounding electrode 2 is derived from the 1/10~9/ of complete cylindrical surface 10, semi-cylindrical is preferably chosen, semi-cylindrical corresponds to central axis and overlapped with straight line where needle point tip, i.e., in same level The distance of needle point to metal mesh is equal.
As shown in Figure 1, cylindrical surface metal mesh grounding electrode 2 can be punch metal plate or metal as shown in Figure 1 The metallic netted structural of silk screen or other forms, the shape in hole can be round, rectangular or other irregular shapes on metal mesh Shape, cloth porosity is more than 70% on metal mesh, and single hole corresponding area is no more than the circular hole area that radius is 2mm.
The present embodiment central axis can adjust according to demand to the distance of metal mesh namely the radius of cylindrical surface, Preferably it is chosen for 5~30mm.
The course of work is:
After powering on, high-voltage pulse power source discharges negative high voltage, needle electrode 6 with certain frequency to needle point formula high-voltage motor Tip is discharged to metal mesh 2, makes the air ionization between needle electrode 6 and metal mesh 2, and the air particles after ionization are in electric field action Lower displacement forms ion wind, is flowed out from preceding grid 1, and the outer air of shell is filled by rear grid 4, shell inner air and outer air is made to circulate, nothing Dead angle purifies.
The curved design of metal mesh 2 and metal mesh 2 and the Position Design of needle electrode 6 make needle point to metal mesh in the present invention Evenly, the radially uniform movement of ion wind of formation effectively avoids spark phenomenon for electric discharge.
High-voltage pulse power source is selected in the present invention, when in peak value of pulse, power work makes through ion field areas Air is ionized, for bactericidal purifying, significant effect;When peak flat in pulse, power supply does not work, and needle electrode 6 does not discharge. It is selected, made by the way that on the basis of ion field regional air particle all ionization, the power work time is most by pulse power frequency It is few, power consumption is reduced, extends power supply service life, while reduce ozone yield and cumulant.
The present invention be suitable for lavatory, shoe chest etc. be also easy to produce peculiar smell and the closed or semi-enclosed space for accumulating bacterium and other Need the field sterilized or purified.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, does not make limitation in any form to the present invention.It is all Those skilled in the art's technical solution according to the present invention or design, the technical solution obtained by logic analysis, reasoning etc. It should all belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus, which is characterized in that including insulation crust, high-tension pulse Power supply, high-field electrode and grounding electrode are rushed, the high-field electrode and grounding electrode are located in insulation crust, and connect high pressure respectively The high-pressure side and ground terminal of the pulse power;Wherein
The grounding electrode is cylindrical surface metal mesh structure, and the high-field electrode is a row needle electrode, and needle electrode Straight line where needle point tip is overlapped with the central axis corresponding to cylindrical surface.
2. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described exhausted The front surface of edge shell is cylindrical surface lattice structure, and rear surface is planar grid structure, and the grounding electrode passes through insulation Stent is fixed with front surface, and the high-field electrode is fixed by insulating support and rear surface.
3. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the height The pressure pulse power is located at the bottom of insulation crust.
4. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the height The pressure pulse power is medium-high frequency pulse power supply.
5. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the height Press pulse power negative duty<50%, peak impulse voltage is 6KV~20KV.
6. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the needle Formula electrode is 1~50 equidistant tungsten needle on pcb board or gold-plated stainless pin.
7. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the circle Cylindrical curved surface metal mesh structure is derived from the 1/10~9/10 of complete cylindrical surface.
8. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the circle Cylindrical curved surface metal mesh structure is semi-cylindrical.
9. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the circle Cylindrical curved surface metal mesh is punch metal plate or woven wire, and cloth porosity is more than 70% on metal mesh, and single hole corresponding area is not More than the circular hole area that radius is 2mm.
10. the needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the circle The distance of the central axis of cylindrical curved surface metal mesh to metal mesh is 5~30mm.
CN201711379909.2A 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 A kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus Pending CN108131738A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711379909.2A CN108131738A (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 A kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711379909.2A CN108131738A (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 A kind of needle based on pulsed discharge-net formula ion ventilating purification apparatus

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN108131738A true CN108131738A (en) 2018-06-08

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110469924A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-19 严剑玉 A kind of center negative ion air-cleaner
CN111420802A (en) * 2019-01-09 2020-07-17 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Air particulate matter filter equipment
CN111672267A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-18 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Formaldehyde removal device, formaldehyde removal method thereof and formaldehyde removal system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111420802A (en) * 2019-01-09 2020-07-17 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Air particulate matter filter equipment
CN110469924A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-19 严剑玉 A kind of center negative ion air-cleaner
CN110469924B (en) * 2019-08-22 2020-12-01 严剑玉 Central anion air purifier
CN111672267A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-18 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Formaldehyde removal device, formaldehyde removal method thereof and formaldehyde removal system

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