CN108115210A - Underwater perforate oil rig based on water jet - Google Patents

Underwater perforate oil rig based on water jet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108115210A
CN108115210A CN201711373419.1A CN201711373419A CN108115210A CN 108115210 A CN108115210 A CN 108115210A CN 201711373419 A CN201711373419 A CN 201711373419A CN 108115210 A CN108115210 A CN 108115210A
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China
Prior art keywords
oil
perforate
water jet
loaded
outer barrel
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Application number
CN201711373419.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108115210B (en
Inventor
宁大勇
张雷
侯交义
弓永军
张增猛
陈圣涛
陈英龙
田昊
杜洪伟
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Dalian Maritime University
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Dalian Maritime University
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Priority to CN201711373419.1A priority Critical patent/CN108115210B/en
Publication of CN108115210A publication Critical patent/CN108115210A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D79/00Methods, machines, or devices not covered elsewhere, for working metal by removal of material

Abstract

Underwater perforate oil rig of the present invention based on water jet, is related to shipwreck oil spilling recycling field, is specially that one kind is used for the underwater tank for oil residues perforate oil rig of shipwreck.Underwater perforate oil rig includes:Connect supporting mechanism, tapping mechanism, oil pumping mechanism, sealing element, motor;Loaded on connecting on supporting mechanism, motor is loaded on connection supporting mechanism, and is connected with tapping mechanism and tapping mechanism is driven to rotate progress perforate for tapping mechanism and oil pumping mechanism;It is sealed between tapping mechanism and connection supporting mechanism by sealing element;It is sealed between oil pumping mechanism and connection supporting mechanism by sealing element;Connection supporting mechanism is connected with shipwreck to be pumped.The present invention has the characteristics that structure novel, simple processing, cutting excellent quality, adaptable, the wide clean environment firendly of cut coverage, therefore belongs to a kind of new underwater perforate oil rig based on water jet for integrating economy and practicability.

Description

Underwater perforate oil rig based on water jet
Technical field
Underwater perforate oil rig of the present invention based on water jet, is related to shipwreck oil spilling recycling field, is specially One kind is used for the underwater tank for oil residues perforate oil rig of shipwreck.
Background technology
Shipping business high speed development in recent years, ship quantity are significantly increased, occur ship sinks risk also increase therewith and When the Residual oil in the ship that sinks is pumped in safe ship, can effectively prevent oil spill, reduce damage.
At present, China uses traditional mechanical drilling machine more to the device of shipwreck tank for oil residues Oil residue recuperation, and transmission mechanism is multiple Miscellaneous, monitoring and controlling is inconvenient, relies primarily on diver's underwater operation, security is relatively low.
Waterjets cutting technology, compared with traditional cutting technique:Excellent quality is cut, when high pressure waterjet is processed hardly Heat is generated, to workpiece material without heat affecting, thus workpiece will not generate heat affected area and Re Jiao shapes, the group that will not cause material Knit structure change or rotten;Adaptable, cut coverage is wide, and either metal class such as general steel plate, stainless steel, titanium, copper, aluminium closes Gold etc. or non-metal kind such as stone material, ceramics, glass, rubber, paper and composite material, it is all applicable;Facilitate and utilize computer Automation processing is realized in control;Clean environment firendly is pollution-free, and water jet is cut using water as main medium, dustless in process, Tasteless, nontoxic, no-spark, operating environment is clean and tidy, meets environmental requirement, meets the requirement of green manufacturing concept, is particularly suitable for disliking Bad working environment or the dangerous working condition environment for having requirement of explosion proof use.
The problem of in the presence of for the above-mentioned prior art, a kind of new underwater perforate based on water jet of research and design Oil rig is the problems of in the prior art very necessary so as to overcome.
The content of the invention
In view of it is above-mentioned the problems of in the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is research and design is a kind of new based on water The underwater perforate oil rig of jet stream.To solve existing machinery drilling machine complicated mechanism, monitoring and controlling is inconvenient, mainly according to By diver's underwater operation, the problems such as security is relatively low.
What the technical solution of the present invention was realized in:
Underwater perforate oil rig of the present invention includes:Connect supporting mechanism, tapping mechanism, oil pumping mechanism, sealing Part, motor;Tapping mechanism and oil pumping mechanism are loaded on connection supporting mechanism, and motor is loaded on connection supporting mechanism, and and perforate Mechanism, which is connected, drives tapping mechanism to rotate progress perforate;It is carried out between tapping mechanism and connection supporting mechanism by sealing element close Envelope;It is sealed between oil pumping mechanism and connection supporting mechanism by sealing element;Connection supporting mechanism is connected with shipwreck to be pumped It connects.
Connection supporting mechanism of the present invention includes:Outer barrel end cap, hydraulic cylinder end face mounting flange, outer barrel, revolution branch Support mounting flange, flange and motor fixing base;Outer barrel end cap is loaded on the top of outer barrel;It is machined in the middle part of outer barrel end cap concentric Through hole, for assembling oil pick-up tube;The lower part of outer barrel end cap is equipped with hydraulic cylinder section mounting flange;Outer barrel lower inner wall is thickening Wall forms the land with certain size;Revolving support mounting flange is equipped in land;It is equipped on revolving support mounting flange Motor fixing base;Motor is by fixing screws loaded on motor fixing base;Flange is loaded on outer drum outer wall bottom.
Tapping mechanism of the present invention includes:Internal-gear type turntable bearing outer ring, internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring, water jet Nozzle and clamper and spill spin block;Internal-gear type turntable bearing outer ring is loaded on the bottom of pivoting support mounting flange, and and internal-gear type Turntable bearing inner ring is combined into complete bearing;The internal tooth of internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring is mutually nibbled with the external tooth of motor output end It closes;Spill spin block is loaded on the lower part of internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring by connecting bolt, is rotated with internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring;Rotation Concentric endoporus is machined in the middle part of switch block, for assembling oil pick-up tube;Water jet nozzle and clamper are loaded on spill spin block, with rotation Switch block rotates;Water jet nozzle and clamper are connected with the water jet power set on barge.
Oil pumping mechanism of the present invention includes:Oil pipe, hydraulic cylinder and oil pick-up tube latch segment;Oil pipe is loaded on outer barrel end cap In endoporus on through hole and spill spin block;The bottom end face of hydraulic cylinder, which is fixed, to be loaded on the mounting flange of hydraulic cylinder end face, piston rod Front end is fixedly connected by oil pick-up tube latch segment with oil pick-up tube, and oil pick-up tube is driven to be axially moveable.
Sealing element of the present invention includes:Oil sealing and lip-shaped sealed ring;Oil sealing is loaded on the twice in outer barrel lower inner wall In seal groove, the sealing between outer barrel and spill spin block is realized;Lip-shaped sealed ring is loaded on the two seals set on spill spin block endoporus In slot, the sealing between spill spin block and oil pick-up tube is realized.
The present invention use process be:
1st, device is fixed
Whole device is fixed on the ship wall for treating position of opening by flange;
2nd, perforate is rotated
Water jet power set on barge start, motor starting, subtract by the engagement of internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring After speed spill spin block is driven to rotate, the water jet nozzle and clamper being fixed on spill spin block also rotate, complete out therewith The spinning movement in hole;
3rd, perforate completion-oil pick-up tube feeding
After a circle is completed in nozzle rotary motion, perforate is completed, and the water jet power set on barge stop, and motor stops Only, hydraulic cylinder starts, and piston rod elongation drives oil pick-up tube to be fed on the inside of cargo tank;
4th, oil well pump is pumped
After oil pick-up tube is fed on the inside of cargo tank, starts oil well pump, Residual oil in shipwreck cargo tank is pumped out and is transferred to sea Oil pumping operation is completed into barge in face;
5th, oil pick-up tube rollback-device is withdrawn
After the completion of oil pumping operation, control hydraulic cylinder changes piston rod movement direction, and oil pick-up tube is driven to withdraw from the inside of cargo tank, then The connection of flange and ship wall is disconnected, removes package unit.
It is an advantage of the invention that it will be apparent that is mainly manifested in:
1st, present invention cutting perforate is stablized:Using contactless water jet as perforate mode, cut in cutting process Heat is small, and cutting is shaken;
2nd, heat is nearly free from during high pressure waterjet processing of the present invention, to workpiece material without heat affecting, hot shadow will not be generated Xiang Qu and Re Jiao shapes will not cause materials microstructure structure change or rotten;
3rd, the configuration of the present invention is simple is reliable:Using water jet perforate, cutting perforate campaign needs only to nozzle and makees rotation fortune Dynamic, running part is simple in structure, securely and reliably;
4th, the present invention is simple and quick:Oil pick-up tube is built in through spill spin block in a whole set of perforate oil rig, and perforate is complete Cheng Hou without switching pipeline of pumping, is entered by Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder on the inside of cargo tank, and there is no need to dismantle tapping equipment, the whole series dress Putting only needs once mounting, facilitates automation mechanized operation;
5th, have a wide range of application, it is environmentally protective:Water jet perforate is cut for contactless cold cut, using water as main medium, is being added Dustless during work, tasteless, nontoxic, no-spark, operating environment is clean and tidy, meets environmental requirement, meets wanting for green manufacturing concept It asks, the dangerous working condition environment for being particularly suitable for severe working environment or having requirement of explosion proof uses.
The present invention has structure novel, simple processing, cutting excellent quality, adaptable, the wide clean environment firendly of cut coverage The advantages that, high-volume, which puts goods on the market, will generate positive social benefit and significant economic benefit.
Description of the drawings
The present invention shares 1 width attached drawing, wherein:
1 schematic structural view of the invention of attached drawing.
In figure:1st, oil pick-up tube 2, outer barrel end cap 3, hydraulic cylinder end face mounting flange 4, hydraulic cylinder 5, outer barrel 6, pumping Oil pipe latch segment 7, revolving support mounting flange 8, internal-gear type turntable bearing outer ring 9, internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring 10, company Connect screw 11, flange 12, oil sealing 13, water jet nozzle and clamper 14, lip-type packing 15, spill spin block 16, motor Fixed seat 17, fixing screws 18, motor.
Specific embodiment
As shown in drawings, underwater perforate oil rig includes specific embodiments of the present invention:Oil pick-up tube 1, outer barrel end cap 2, Hydraulic cylinder end face mounting flange 3, hydraulic cylinder 4, outer barrel 5, oil pick-up tube latch segment 6, revolving support mounting flange 7, internal-gear type turntable Bearing outer ring 8, internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring 9, attachment screw 10, flange 11, oil sealing 12, water jet nozzle and clamper 13, Lip-type packing 14, spill spin block 15, motor fixing base 16, fixing screws 17, motor 18, it is characterised in that:Flange 11 is by the whole series Device with treat that the ship wall of perforate is connected, complete it is fixed after, motor 18 by with internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring 9 engage deceleration after Spill spin block 15 is driven to rotate, the water jet nozzle and clamper 13 being fixed on swivel plate rotate perforate also with completion Movement, after the completion of perforate, control hydraulic cylinder 4 drives oil pick-up tube 1 to travel forward, and enters on the inside of cargo tank.
Water jet nozzle and clamper 13 are fixed on spill spin block 15, spill spin block 15 again with internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring 9 It is connected by screw 10, turntable bearing is connected and fixed to by internal-gear type turntable bearing outer ring 8 and flange 7 on outer barrel 5, above-mentioned portion Part can not be axially moveable, and ensure that the range of water jet nozzle and clamper 13 and open pore steel plate to be cut after device fixation;
Power source motor 18 is fixed on motor fixing base 16 by 17 side of screw, and motor fixing base 16 is fixed on flange 7 On, the rotation of motor 18 drives spill spin block 15 to rotate after the engagement of internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring 9 is slowed down, and is fixed on Water jet nozzle and clamper 13 on spill spin block 15 also rotate therewith, complete cutting perforate;
Oil pick-up tube 1 is connected by an oil pick-up tube latch segment 6 with hydraulic cylinder 4, and hydraulic cylinder 4 is solid by end face mounting flange 3 Due on outer barrel end cap, after the completion of perforate is cut, by control 4 piston rod of hydraulic cylinder it is flexible come control oil pick-up tube 1 into It gives and retracts;
Existing rotary motion between oil pick-up tube 1 and spill spin block 15, and have axial movement, it is provided with two on 15 endoporus of spill spin block Road sealing groove, arrangement twice lip-type packing 14;It is rotary motion between spill spin block 15 and outer barrel 5, also there are twice on outer barrel Seal groove, arrangement twice oil sealing 12.
The above is only the preferable specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to This, all those familiar with the art are in technical scope disclosed by the invention, technique according to the invention scheme And its design of the present invention is subject to equivalent substitution or change and is covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of underwater perforate oil rig based on water jet, it is characterised in that the underwater perforate oil rig includes: Connect supporting mechanism, tapping mechanism, oil pumping mechanism, sealing element, motor (18);
Loaded on connection supporting mechanism, motor (18) is loaded on connection supporting mechanism for the tapping mechanism and oil pumping mechanism, and It is connected with tapping mechanism and tapping mechanism is driven to rotate progress perforate;Pass through sealing element between tapping mechanism and connection supporting mechanism It is sealed;It is sealed between oil pumping mechanism and connection supporting mechanism by sealing element;Connection supporting mechanism is with treating that oil pumping is heavy Ship is connected.
2. the underwater perforate oil rig according to claim 1 based on water jet, it is characterised in that the connection branch Support mechanism includes:Outer barrel end cap (2), hydraulic cylinder end face mounting flange (3), outer barrel (5), revolving support mounting flange (7), flange (11) and motor fixing base (16);
The outer barrel end cap (2) is loaded on the top of outer barrel (5);Outer barrel end cap is machined with concentric through hole in the middle part of (2), is used for Assemble oil pick-up tube (1);The lower part of outer barrel end cap (2) is equipped with hydraulic cylinder section mounting flange (3);
Described outer barrel (5) lower inner wall is thickened wall, forms the land with certain size;Revolving support is equipped in land Mounting flange (7);
Motor fixing base (16) is housed on the revolving support mounting flange (7);Motor (18) is filled by fixing screws (17) In on motor fixing base (16);
The flange (11) is loaded on outer barrel (5) outer wall bottom.
3. the underwater perforate oil rig according to claim 1 based on water jet, it is characterised in that the tapping machine Structure includes:Internal-gear type turntable bearing outer ring (8), internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring (9), water jet nozzle and clamper (13) and rotation Switch block (15);
The internal-gear type turntable bearing outer ring (8) be loaded on pivoting support mounting flange (7) bottom, and with internal-gear type turntable shaft It holds inner ring (9) and is combined into complete bearing;
The internal tooth of the internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring (9) is meshed with the external tooth of motor (18) output terminal;
The spill spin block (15) is loaded on the lower part of internal-gear type turntable bearing inner ring (9) by connecting bolt (10), with internal-gear type Turntable bearing inner ring (9) rotates;Spill spin block is machined with concentric endoporus in the middle part of (15), for assembling oil pick-up tube (1);
The water jet nozzle and clamper (13) are rotated loaded on spill spin block (15) with spill spin block (15);Water jet nozzle And (13 are connected clamper with the water jet power set on barge.
4. the underwater perforate oil rig according to claim 1 based on water jet, it is characterised in that the pumping unit Structure includes:Oil pipe (1), hydraulic cylinder (4) and oil pick-up tube latch segment (6);
In endoporus on through hole and spill spin block (15) of the oil pipe (1) loaded on outer barrel end cap (2);
The bottom end face of the hydraulic cylinder (4) is fixed loaded on hydraulic cylinder end face mounting flange (3), and the front end of piston rod passes through Oil pick-up tube latch segment (6) is fixedly connected with oil pick-up tube (1), and oil pick-up tube (1) is driven to be axially moveable.
5. the underwater perforate oil rig according to claim 1 based on water jet, it is characterised in that the sealing element Including:Oil sealing (12) and lip-shaped sealed ring (14);
The oil sealing (12) realizes outer barrel (5) and spill spin block (15) loaded in the two seals slot in outer barrel (5) lower inner wall Between sealing;
The lip-shaped sealed ring (14) realizes spill spin block (15) and pumping loaded in the two seals slot set on spill spin block endoporus Sealing between oil pipe (1).
CN201711373419.1A 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 Underwater aperture oil rig based on water jet Active CN108115210B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711373419.1A CN108115210B (en) 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 Underwater aperture oil rig based on water jet

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711373419.1A CN108115210B (en) 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 Underwater aperture oil rig based on water jet

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CN108115210A true CN108115210A (en) 2018-06-05
CN108115210B CN108115210B (en) 2019-06-04

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109162887A (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-01-08 林远毅 A kind of underwater pumping unit

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1730241A (en) * 2005-06-06 2006-02-08 中国海洋石油总公司 Hydraulic spinning type controllable abrasive material jet cutting apparatus and operating method thereof
CN201394785Y (en) * 2009-03-31 2010-02-03 厦门喜儿工贸有限公司 Jet
CN201931500U (en) * 2010-12-23 2011-08-17 中国核动力研究设计院 Water-jet cutting executive device
US20130160994A1 (en) * 2011-09-07 2013-06-27 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Reducing sulfide in production fluids during oil recovery
CN204122797U (en) * 2014-07-31 2015-01-28 天津卓达管道机械制造有限公司 One is fully automatic hydraulic tapping machine under water
CN104551084A (en) * 2014-07-11 2015-04-29 水科运达交通科技开发(北京)有限公司 Deepwater oil pumping and drilling equipment
CN204382103U (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-06-10 谭军军 A kind of water cutter four axle shower nozzle
CN204673480U (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-30 中国石油天然气第七建设公司 Sucked type Abrasive Water Jet Machining executing agency
CN204924266U (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-30 北京环境特性研究所 There is not shaft type one -dimensional revolving stage

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1730241A (en) * 2005-06-06 2006-02-08 中国海洋石油总公司 Hydraulic spinning type controllable abrasive material jet cutting apparatus and operating method thereof
CN201394785Y (en) * 2009-03-31 2010-02-03 厦门喜儿工贸有限公司 Jet
CN201931500U (en) * 2010-12-23 2011-08-17 中国核动力研究设计院 Water-jet cutting executive device
US20130160994A1 (en) * 2011-09-07 2013-06-27 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Reducing sulfide in production fluids during oil recovery
CN104551084A (en) * 2014-07-11 2015-04-29 水科运达交通科技开发(北京)有限公司 Deepwater oil pumping and drilling equipment
CN204122797U (en) * 2014-07-31 2015-01-28 天津卓达管道机械制造有限公司 One is fully automatic hydraulic tapping machine under water
CN204382103U (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-06-10 谭军军 A kind of water cutter four axle shower nozzle
CN204673480U (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-30 中国石油天然气第七建设公司 Sucked type Abrasive Water Jet Machining executing agency
CN204924266U (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-30 北京环境特性研究所 There is not shaft type one -dimensional revolving stage

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109162887A (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-01-08 林远毅 A kind of underwater pumping unit

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