CN108112455A - Intelligent folding casting machine - Google PatentsIntelligent folding casting machine Download PDF
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- CN108112455A CN108112455A CN201711271815.3A CN201711271815A CN108112455A CN 108112455 A CN108112455 A CN 108112455A CN 201711271815 A CN201711271815 A CN 201711271815A CN 108112455 A CN108112455 A CN 108112455A
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- 238000005266 casting Methods 0.000 title claims description 11
- 229910001220 stainless steel Inorganic materials 0.000 claims abstract description 42
- 239000010935 stainless steel Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 42
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 claims description 24
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- 238000003973 irrigation Methods 0.000 abstract description 5
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- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A01—AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
- A01G—HORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
- A01G25/00—Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
- A01G25/09—Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like
- Y—GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
- Y02—TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
- Y02P—CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
- Y02P60/00—Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
- Y02P60/12—Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent folding irrigation device, the plane watering including being connected into stainless steel tube connects structure, powered traction system, stainless steel telescopic pipes and solar energy power source apparatus and multifunctional intellectual regulator control system, it is characterized in that：The water inlet of plane watering structure is connected with one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes, the other end of stainless steel telescopic pipes is connected with water source, traction power is fixedly mounted on the front end of plane watering structure or is fixed at several meters of the front of watering device, the sprinkling transverse tube of plane watering structure bores multiple rows of aperture, and it can walk forward under the traction of power, the speed that plane watering structure is walked forward can be controlled with people, is remotely controlled, under automatic or manual driving, slowly walk forward.Can also be by the use of heat engine as power drive, plane watering structure can also fold.
Intelligent folding casting machine of the present invention is to belong to agricultural mechanical field.
Current existing drought resisting is irrigated the fields there are many kinds of equipment, such as the watering appliance of big machinery traction, is suitble to large area Farmland uses, and the watering appliance of agricultural carriage traction, which easily grinds crops, steps on, and it is circumference high pressure that high-pressure sprinkler equipment, which is irrigated the fields, Injection, it is not energy saving, it is uneven, there is dead angle, there is overlapping, and trouble is diverted, trickle irrigation is practically applicable to throughout the year rainless area.China is The country of water shortage, the poor ridge of water resource, broad irrigation does not meet China's actual conditions, and reduces ground temperature, and inconvenient farming delays Pingzhuang and sows life Long, also not energy saving etc., these drought resistings equipment of irrigating the fields is unsuitable for the present situation in rural area now, is not also used more widely generally, The Responsibility System of Land Contract of Chinese countryside implementation now, the independent cultivation management of land structures single household, plot are wide such as striped cloth Spend more than ten meters to more than 20 meters most commonly seen.Rural area drought resisting at present irrigates the fields and largely still uses original method of irrigating the fields, Water is extracted out from well, is sent to by soft water band in field, and peasant has pipe head in arms and sprays on the spot, so not science, not energy saving, wave Water wasting resource, manual labor is big, and current concentrate, impulse force is big, ooze ground the time it is short, impermeable, hollow local water is oozed in high place It is very deep.Seedling crops is buried by water punching, and high bar crops is washed upside down by water.
According to China's present situation and weather arid uncertain factor, this equipment provides a kind of invention intelligent folding casting machine, Partly band dry land Pingzhuang sows popularity use, and simple in structure, non-corrosive, not aging, cost and low, peasant in suitable China It is easy to receive.
The content of the invention
The technical solution of intelligent folding casting machine of the present invention includes：Plane watering structure, stainless steel telescopic pipes or ripple Pipe, solar cell or accumulator and traveling control system.It is characterized in that：The water inlet and stainless steel of plane watering structure One end of telescopic pipes or bellows is connected, and the other end of stainless steel telescoping tube or bellows is connected with water source or Flexible water pipe It connects, solar cell or accumulator are placed on the preceding top of plane watering structure, the front-wheel of driving plane watering structure or drive Small rolling wheel circumvolution is walked forward around thin cord traction plane watering structure, and the speed energy manual control walked forward automatically controls, Also can be remotely controlled, in the absence of a power supply, be driven by manual drive or with heat engine, it is also foldable when not used, convenient for moving and Storage.
The plane watering structure, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2：It is that the stainless steel tube not waited by diameter is cut into different length, The planar structure connected into the assembly or pipe fitting of various pipe fittings and pipe fitting and the assembly of pipeline, including：S-shaped is curved Pipe T, water pressure sensor F, micro-tube pump P, filter G, controllable water pressure gauge Y tilt shunting aqueduct S1, vertical shunting Aqueduct S2, festoon connector J, sprinkling transverse tube L1, sprinkling horizontal casing L2, water delivery short tube H, spray small transverse tube L3, and shunting is total Into A, square hole four-way B, long tube threeway C, solar cell or accumulator M, speed governing controllable motor D, small rolling wheel and oblique pull cord Rope W.It is characterized in that：S-shaped bend pipe T is mounted on the front of water inlet switch, and water inlet switch K1, K2 are mounted on water inlet, water pressure Sensor F, micro-tube pump P, filter G, is mounted on secondary behind water inlet switch K1, K2, and controllable water pressure gauge, which is mounted on, to be divided Flow the shunting apex of assembly.Water is shunted by shunting assembly, is reduced hydraulic pressure, is shunted assembly A, two rotary joints of ragged edge Shunting aqueduct S1 are tilted with two of ragged edge respectively to connect, the inclination on both sides shunt aqueduct S1 be by two sections or The stainless steel tube that three sections of diameters do not wait is nested together, and equipped with festoon connector J, the anchor tip of shunting assembly A middles and The shunting aqueduct S2 of middle is connected, other two rotary joint not water flowing, spare, the sprinkling transverse tube of the inside two during folding L1 and the horizontal casing L2 of sprinkling of outside two link together respectively by two square hole four-way B, and with the pipeline of long tube threeway C Part connects in alignment, and transversely arranged composition sprays total transverse tube L, and two small transverse tube L3 of sprinkling are separately mounted to two square holes The back of four-way B is parallel with total transverse tube L is sprayed, and is communicated therewith respectively by two water delivery short tube H.Transverse tube L1 is sprayed, sprinkling is horizontal Casing L2 (including inner and outer tubes), the pipe section of long tube threeway C and the small transverse tube L3 of sprinkling below, respectively forwardly, Backward, similar parabola direction downwards, forwards, backwards is drilled with multiple rows of aperture.There are three portable travelings for installation below plane watering structure Suitcase with wheels includes a front-wheel O1 and two trailing wheel O2, is directed downward, distribution triangular in shape, and front-wheel O1 is mounted on shunting assembly A's In center hole, two trailing wheel O2 are separately mounted in the center square hole of two square hole four-way B, three light traveling wheel difference energy Adjust respective height, and front-wheel is also equipped with adjustment level device Z, guider of walking, over the ground anti-skid device, after The front and rear orientation of wheel walking, the top installation of plane watering structure are also respectively installed at two square hole four-ways there are two support post R In the center square hole of B, direction upward, and is sprinkled water structure vertical with plane, and is each provided with two oblique pull thin cords.Solar energy Battery or accumulator M are mounted on the preceding top of plane watering structure, and the photovoltaic panel of solar cell is inclined with the mobile energy of the sun Gyration in the preceding top or following of plane watering structure, is equipped with controllable variable-speed motor, plane can driven to sprinkle water below The front-wheel of structure walks forward or rouleau wheel winding seizing wire is being driven to walk forward below, in the situation of no power supply Under, by manual drive plane watering structure front-wheel drive plane watering structure walk forward or with miniature heat engine as move Power drives.
The sprinkling transverse tube L1 can also be designed to spray horizontal casing, such as attached drawing 3, attached drawing 4
The plane watering structure opens an aperture in the front of micro-tube pump P can also install addition liquid or solubilityization Fertile device.
The width that the total transverse tube L of sprinkling can adjust sprinkling transverse tube within the specific limits hides.
Several water blockoff clamp devices E is further equipped on the sprinkling transverse tube L1 and the horizontal casing L2 of sprinkling.
The traveling wheel can also install a traveling wheel as four traveling wheels again at the central point O of long tube threeway C.
The assembly of pipeline and pipe fitting includes the assembly of the pipe fitting and pipe fitting in other words：Shunt assembly, square hole four-way, Long tube threeway and rotary joint and provisioned silk pressing lid.
The shunting assembly, as shown in Fig. 8, Fig. 9,10, Figure 11, it is characterized in that：The shunting vertex for shunting assembly is trapezoidal State or arc-shaped state, central cross waterpipe infall have a circular hole to penetrate both sides, and circular hole surrounding does not influence water delivery, circular hole Also water delivery is not leaked, there is a transverse tube below, there are four one end of rotary joint in transverse tube same direction, and can be another with rotary joint One end fits use, and two rotary joints of both sides ragged edge, which tilt connection or vertical connection, two rotary joints of the inside, is Scoop out connector, not water flowing during expansion watering scoops out that pipe fitting is spare, and middle shunts assembly there are one anchor tip after folding Both sides respectively respectively there are one supporting horizontal prop head, when expansion watering, does not have to, after folding can rest tube head it is spare, shunt point of assembly Vertex is flowed either in angular shape or square-shaped.
The square hole four-way, as shown in figure 12, it is characterized in that：Traditional positive four-way, center penetrate four there are one square hole Logical both sides, square hole surrounding does not influence water delivery, but square hole does not also leak water delivery, and four ends of four-way are separately installed with one One end of rotary joint, and can be used cooperatively with the other end of rotary joint, the rotation angle of the rotary joint at four ends is same It in plane, can rotate, and can position.The centre bore of the square hole four-way also prismatic or ellipse or It is circular.
The long tube threeway, as shown in figure 13, it is characterized in that：One traditional threeway, respectively one section of the connection of corresponding both ends Elongated pipeline, elongated pipeline both ends can make respectively respectively there are one one end of rotary joint with the cooperation of the other end of rotary joint With the rotation angle of the rotary joint at both ends at grade, can rotate, and can position, intermediate to be connect there are one fixed Head, anchor tip opposite can install a support post over the ground, over the ground support post and elongate tube there are one circular hole outside circular hole Road right angle setting, and can on, can under, can fix.
The rotary joint, as shown in Figure 14, Figure 15, it is characterized in that：Pipe fitting divides two parts to form, in bending or straight Logical shape, pipe fitting both ends Split assembled are cross-linked, and there is disc with one voice in junction, and disc has convex-concave positioning step with one voice, and two is convex Recessed disc with one voice overlaps, and two parts connection structure respectively has perforation, bolt is installed in perforation, pipe fitting both ends are connected together, and manages Part body two parts are using bolt as axle center, the positioning of convex-concave step, at grade, can staggeredly rotate, disc overlapping position has with one voice Shop bolt and gasket seal, pipe fitting separately manufacturing, but must be used cooperatively, the positioning of convex-concave step refers to that Plane of rotation is determined Position, pin positioning refer to that rotation angle positions.Rotary joint is to shunt assembly, square hole four-way, the combiner of long tube threeway, It can be used alone.The pipe fitting mouth it is characterized in that：Male thread has positioning step, and equipped with silk pressing lid, the other spy of pipe fitting mouth Sign is or light bucket or has positioning groove or positioning compression wire hole or interior screw thread, can also be connected with pressure sintering, Can also two methods be used in combination.
The stainless steel telescopic pipes are as shown in Figure 13,14,15,16：Including：Inner tube, outer tube, gasket set and Microseismic activity device, it is characterized in that：Several increasing diameters or the stainless steel tube for arrangement of successively decreasing, are nested together, and the one of each steel pipe End is equipped with gasket set, and another end pipe tail, which inside contracts either outer include, enables outer and inner tube to pull out or retraction, and water-tight, It does not fall off again；Microseismic activity device is mounted on one end of assembling gasket set, and the microseismic activity of surrounding symmetrically and evenly stretches stainless steel Sealing ring one end of pipe is in dynamic always, to reduce rest inertia..
The running gear is there are two types of mode, the first is that solar cell or accumulator drive rouleau wheel, and small rolling wheel twines Around one end of thin cord, the other end of thin cord is fixed at several meters of the front of plane watering structure, and motor drives rouleau Wheel winding thin cord, pulls plane watering structure to walk forward；Another kind is that controllable speed regulating motor directly drives plane watering knot The front-wheel of structure pulls plane watering structure to walk forward, and front-wheel must have guide function, over the ground antiskid function, solar cell Or accumulator is placed on the preceding top of plane watering structure, solar cell can manually be driven with the direction of the sun with rotation angle Dynamic is to drive front-wheel that plane watering structure is driven to walk forward by speed reducer, and heat engine driving is exactly that miniature heat engine replaces solar energy Battery or accumulator, travelling control are automatically controlled by manual control, also can remote sensing control.
The folding, process and method are：(1) first loosen (not laying down) each position rotary joint fastening screw and Beam connector pulls down the support post over the ground in long tube threeway and contacts and fix with ground；(2) long tube threeway both sides are each turned off With sprinkling transverse tube or the rotary joint of the horizontal casing connection of sprinkling；(3) the first sprinkling transverse tube both sides of difference is using the other end as axis The heart is rotated to shunting water pipe direction is tilted, and is rotated if spraying during horizontal casing after retraction, close with tilting shunting aqueduct, then Inclination shunting aqueduct retraction both sides is in rotary moving to centre, makes the rotation of one end of sprinkling transverse tube or the horizontal casing of sprinkling Connector overlaps connection with shunting the connector that scoops out of assembly；(4) the horizontal casing whole retractions rotation of two of ragged edge sprinklings and to The inclination shunting aqueduct on both sides is drawn close, and the empty one end of rotation is put into the horizontal prop head of support on shunting assembly both sides；(5) lay down The small transverse tube of two sprinklings and water delivery short tube, then two rotary joints of long tube threeway are connected thereto；(6) packed up over the ground after folding Support post easily rocks, and makes overall distribution uniform, each rotary joint fastening gong silk and beam connector is tightened, the small transverse tube of sprinkling Suitable position is put into water delivery short tube, folds and all terminates；While folding process, according to the concrete condition of operation, pine Move or lay down two oblique pull ropes；The operating process of folding can change one after another, still, after folding the connection at each position be Immutable, the first section is fixed on one by shunting assembly, and rear rim portion is fixed on one by long tube threeway, close to one piece into For a plane entirety, best both sides carry out by several times during folding；The shunting vertex of shunting assembly is trapezoidal or arc-shaped or side Shape or triangle, the connector on shunting assembly both sides be vertical connection or tilt connection, the centre bore of square hole four-way be it is square or Circular or prismatic or ellipse, although the priority of folding process is different, the connection mode of each component is identical after folding, such as Fig. 6, shown in 7.
Description of the drawings
Shown in attached drawing 1, Fig. 2：It is plane watering structure diagram, K1, K2 are water inlet switch, and F is water pressure sensor, P It is micro-tube pump, G is that filter Y is controllable water pressure gauge, and S1 is that both sides tilt shunting aqueduct, and S2 is intermediate vertical shunting Aqueduct, J are festoon connector, and L1 is sprinkling transverse tube, and L2 is the horizontal casing of sprinkling, and L3 is the small transverse tube of sprinkling, and H is short for water delivery Pipe, O1 are preceding portable traveling wheels, and O2 is rear light traveling wheel respectively, and R is support post, and A is shunting assembly, and B is two respectively Square hole four-way, C are long tube threeways, and E is the spare water blockoff clamp device for spraying transverse tube.O is the installation point of the 4th traveling wheel, and Z is The adjustment level device of front-wheel top, M are solar cell or accumulator, and D is controllable speed regulating motor, W be small rolling wheel with Thin cord, T are S-shaped swan-necks, and the total transverse tube L of sprinkling is sprinkling transverse tube LI and sprays horizontal casing L2 and long tube threeway C The general name of proboscis portion.Boldface represents pipe fitting and pipe fitting or the assembly of pipeline.
Shown in attached drawing 3, Fig. 4；With it is essentially identical shown in attached drawing 1, Fig. 2, but transverse tube LI is changed to horizontal casing by transverse tube.
Shown in attached drawing 5：M represents solar cell or accumulator, and D represents controllable speed regulating motor, and W represents small rolling wheel and cord Rope
Attached drawing 6, attached drawing 7 represent：It is the schematic diagram after two kinds of plane watering structures fold respectively, attached drawing 6 is both ends width Equal, attached drawing 7 is one wide, and other end is narrow.
Shown in attached drawing 8：It is to shunt assembly diagram, trapezoidal state, the both sides tilt of joint connects.Shown in attached drawing 9：It is point Flow assembly diagram, trapezoidal state, two edge connector vertical connections.Shown in attached drawing 10：It is shunting assembly diagram, is arc-shaped State, the both sides tilt of joint connect.Shown in attached drawing 11：It is shunting assembly diagram, is arc-shaped state, the vertical phase of two edge connectors It connects.
Shown in attached drawing 12：It is square hole four-way schematic diagram.It is long tube threeway schematic diagram shown in attached drawing 13；Shown in attached drawing 14, rotation Adapter, pipe fitting are in bending；Shown in attached drawing 15：Rotary joint, pipe fitting are in through state.
Shown in attached drawing 16：Silk pressing lid front schematic view, shown in Figure 17；Silk pressing lid side schematic view, shown in Figure 18：Silk pressing lid Bushing schematic diagram.
Shown in attached drawing 19：It is appearance schematic diagram when stainless steel telescopic pipes are stretched out.
Shown in attached drawing 20：It is stainless steel telescopic pipes sealing device schematic diagram of the sealing ring inside outer tube；Attached drawing Shown in 21：It is sealing ring dress
Stainless steel telescopic pipes sealing device schematic diagram in internal layer tube outside；Shown in attached drawing 22：It is that microseismic activity device shows It is intended to.
Shown in attached drawing 23 and attached drawing 24：Before being respectively, the enlarged drawing of rear walking wheel O1, O2
According to Fig. 1,2, the water inlet of water inlet switch K1, K2 installation horizontalization face watering structure, the filtering Device G when water source is pure can not can be had to, reduce the resistance to water inlet, because filter has water centainly with can not have to Resistance.
The water pressure sensor F, micro-tube pump P, is used in conjunction with each other, water pressure sensor F is according to external water source The height of water pressure provides hydraulic pressure force information to micro-tube pump P, and micro-tube to be controlled to pump P, micro-tube pump P is for dropping Low degree watering structure intake pressure in front improves the irrigation pressure of plane watering structure, and stretches convenient for compression stainless steel Pipeline, and water spray effect can be improved.
The front-wheel O1 is mounted in the center hole of shunting assembly A, and two trailing wheel O2 are separately mounted to two square holes four In the center square hole of logical B, three light traveling wheels are directed downward distribution triangular in shape, it is therefore an objective to make plane watering constitutional balance, The purpose of square hole is to orient the front and rear walkings of two trailing wheel O2, and the front and rear walking orientation, is exactly that front and rear can only walk, it is impossible to Laterally walking, three light traveling wheels can adjust respective height, and structure is：There is a vertical shaft in wheel top, outside vertical shaft There are one vertical shaft sleeve, there are one adjusting screw, tops for the inside to rotate handwheel, drive leading screw, to be able to come there are one handwheel on side Adjust the height of plane watering structure.The front-wheel has an adjustment level device, the miniature tune of the handwheel of front-wheel vertical shaft top Speed motor operates, and is controlled by ground level heat transfer agent, according to being uneven for ground, can be sprinkled water and tied with adjustment plane The height of structure front-wheel.The guide frame of the front-wheel is：There is a horizontal handle below front-wheel vertical shaft, horizontal handle can slide on vertical shaft, It can fix again, adjust the deflection angle of horizontal handle, the deflection angle that can adjust the walking of front-wheel is oriented to,.
Described two support post R are also mounted at respectively in the center square hole of two square hole four-ways, but direction is upward, and Equipped with oblique pull rope, the purpose is to draw both sides and centre, prevent that both sides and centre are sagging, in fact, support post R and The vertical shaft up and down of trailing wheel O2 is same column one, and the vertical shaft sleeve of two trailing wheels is exactly to support post R.
The horizontal casing L2 of sprinkling, inner and outer pipes stay certain interval, can flowing water, the pull-out of inner tube whole or pull-out one in gap Part does not pull out, and inside and outside pipeline can spray water, and therefore, within the specific limits, can arbitrarily adjust the width of sprinkling transverse tube Degree, sprinkling transverse tube L1 can also be casing, and as shown in Figure 3,4, the purpose is to can adjust the total transverse tube L of sprinkling in the larger context Width hide, the distance between two trailing wheels can also be adjusted.The horizontal casing, inner and outer pipes can not also stay gap, but not The width degree of sprinkling transverse tube can be adjusted.
Described two sprinkling transverse tube L1, the horizontal casing L2 of two sprinklings, the small transverse tube L3 of two sprinklings and the length of long tube threeway Tube portion, downwards, forward, similar parabola direction backward, forwards, backwards is drilled with multiple rows of aperture, is the parabolic in order to spray uniformly Line direction, it is farther the purpose is to spray water, when plane watering structure slowly moves forward, in the same place on ground The overboard time is most long, sufficiently achieves the purpose of permeable soil.
The water blockoff clamp device E, purposes are when water sprayer works, and cause sprinkling transverse tube water spray for some reason not When uniformly or irrigation pressure reduces or one section of transverse tube does not need to reduce water spray, with water blockoff clamp device E be clipped in sprinkling transverse tube L1 or It sprays on horizontal casing L2, blocks up part water spray aperture, the uniformity of water spray can be reconciled, structure adds one as put down common book clips Point rubber cushion is similar.
The light traveling wheel can also be mounted to four, when plane watering structure is wider across degree, the 4th portable traveling Wheel is walked at the position O points of the centre of long tube threeway C, it is sagging to prevent centre, width degree can be increased.
The small transverse tube L3 of the sprinkling is spray the supplement of total transverse tube L to spray transverse tube, due to square hole four-way have below it is rear light Traveling wheel O2, square hole four-way laterally have certain width not bore aperture, and therefore, the water spray of this section is mended with small transverse tube L3 is sprayed It fills, spraying small transverse tube L3 can not also use, but square hole four-way both sides must drill.
The S-shaped bend pipe T, as shown in the figure, its feature is exactly S-shaped shape, upper end is connected with the water inlet of plane watering structure, Lower end is connected with one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes, and there is Telescopic in centre, plays the role of being vertically connected with.
The shunting is exactly that a total water-supply-pipe is divided into two or more distributive pipes, the shunting aqueduct S1, such as Be the inclination aqueduct on both sides shown in figure, be casing, when expansion, is elongated, and when folding shortens, with beam connector J can length position, The beam connector J, it is characterized in that, the both ends of a connector, on an end cap outer tube, in an end cap inner tube, both ends are each provided with glue Pad and silk pressing lid cover upper compression filament lid, tighten silk pressing lid, and compression rubber cushion, which is splashed, to rise, and inner and outer tubes is made to be fixedly secured connection, are not leaked also Water.Aqueduct S2 is shunted, is intermediate vertical aqueduct.
The plane watering structure opens an aperture in pipeline pump front can also add soluble chemical fertilizer plant, because miniature tube Road pump front hydraulic pressure is very low, it is easy to add chemical fertilizer, but chemical fertilizer must be liquid chemical fertilizer or instant chemical fertilizer.
The shunting assembly, square hole four-way, long tube threeway, according to figure, 8, can shown in Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13 To find out, structure is traditional several or several, aggregate of pipe fitting or pipeline, though production and processing difficulty is bigger, It is compared to single production, processing, connection is much easier, and has the function of identical function or bigger, has stable and firm The characteristics of.In assembly structure is shunted, shunting vertex trapezoidal can not only shunt or arc-shaped shunting, moreover it is possible to angular shunting or side Shape shunts, and effect is not much different, each have their own advantage.It is described in assembly structure is shunted, two rotary joints of ragged edge hang down Direct-connected to connect or tilt connection, after plane watering structure folding in the structure of Fig. 6, vertical connection is suitable, in the structure of Fig. 7 In, inclination is connected as suitable.In square hole four-way structure, centre bore can not only do squarely, moreover it is possible to make prismatic or oval It is shape or circular, if circular, the vertical shaft up and down of rear walking wheel, it is necessary to add front and rear walking orienting device, general purpose is just It is to make the front and rear orientation of rear walking wheel walking, orientation walking is a reason before and after walking with bicycle rear.The shunting assembly, The plane watering structure of square hole four-way, long tube threeway and rotary joint connection, when expansion, shunt smooth, are evenly distributed, fold Afterwards, back structure is linked to be an entirety by long tube threeway, and front structure is linked to be an entirety by shunting assembly, front and rear by stainless Total can be firmly fixed into one entirety in steel pipe, since stainless steel tube intensity is good, can hold constant weight, even can People is sat, moves or stores and is all very convenient.
According to Figure 14,15, the rotary joint, two kinds of rotary joints, pipe fitting differs, and pipe fitting mouth is identical, and One kind is in for second through state in bending, and function is the same during use, but sprinkles water structure not one in the plane of through state connection In a plane, but structure is sprinkled water in a plane in the plane of bending connection.Pipe fitting both ends separately manufacturing, it is necessary to coordinate It uses, pipe fitting mouth feature：The male thread has positioning step, and equipped with silk pressing lid, silk pressing lid the inside is equipped with bushing or two halves Circle bushing, according to Figure 16,17,18, the connection method of stainless steel tube and pipe fitting mouth is the nozzle elder generation flanging of stainless steel tube, It is inserted on the step of pipe fitting mouth, tightens silk pressing lid, steel pipe and pipe fitting mouth is made securely to connect；Steel pipe opening can also weld interior Threaded Connector Coupling with Pipe fitting mouth connects, but must have locking gong silk.The light bucket is exactly that pipe fitting mouth is processed into light bucket, and application method is, steel pipe opening It is inserted on pipe fitting mouth, steel pipe and pipe fitting mouth is bonded together with seccotine, steel pipe and pipe fitting mouth is made securely to connect, the positioning Pipe fitting mouth is exactly processed into multiple grooves by groove, and application method is that steel pipe opening is sleeved on pipe fitting mouth, and is heated, and use is special Steel pipe opening is become clamp in groove by instrument, and steel pipe and pipe fitting is made securely to connect.The positioning wire hole, be exactly pipe fitting mouth be drilled with it is more A wire hole, application method are to be compressed and positioned with wire hole, pipe fitting and steel pipe opening is made to fixedly positioning connection.The interior screw thread, makes It is in addition steel pipe opening welds male thread connector (cannot open silk because steel pipe is very thin), pipe fitting mouth and steel pipe opening screw thread with method It can securely connect, but must be added with positioning and locking screw on steel pipe opening, (because steel pipe is positioned sometimes for angle)；It is described Pressure sintering is exactly that steel pipe opening first heats, and is inserted on pipe fitting mouth, it is cold really after just can securely connect.Any of the above method can also mix It is used in combination.
It can be seen that the overall structure and ring structure of stainless steel telescopic pipes from 19,20,21 and Figure 22 of attached drawing, no The steel telescopic pipes that become rusty are nested together by the stainless steel tube of several increasing diameters or arrangement of successively decreasing, and described is incremented by from introversion Outer to be arranged as being incremented by, described successively decrease is arranged as successively decreasing outside in.One end of each steel pipe is equipped with gasket set, another End pipe tail is inside contracted or included outside, and outer and inner tube is enable to pull out or retraction, and water-tight, is not fallen off.Assemble the mesh of gasket set Be to prevent water from outwards flowing when in use, another end pipe tail is inside contracted or included outside, prevent elongate when steel pipe come off, if sealing ring fill In the outside of inner layer steel pipe, the nozzle of outer layer pipe inside contracts, if sealing ring is mounted in the inside of outer layer pipe, the pipe of inner layer steel pipe It is included outside mouthful.It is that inner layer pipe or outer tube outwards or are inwards roused into groove that it, which connects structure, and sealing ring is put into the inside, put on outer tube or Inner layer pipe just, the microseismic activity device, it is therefore an objective to play cushioning effect because compression stainless steel telescopic pipes when, speed It is very slow, it is similar to half stationary state, when compressing stainless steel telescopic pipes, not only overcomes the pressure and duct wall of water sometimes Frictional resistance, also to overcome rest inertia gesture kinetic force, microseismic activity device is installed, disperses resistance described above, it is uniformly, quiet Only inertia potential energy or disappearance.The microseismic activity device, be exactly by several miniature shock devices, it is symmetrical or it is uniform be mounted on one it is close Inside the annular interior cavity of envelope, leak is prevented, have what the device of annular interior cavity was sleeved on stainless steel telescopic pipes to be equipped with sealing ring One end of device makes stainless steel telescopic pipes be equipped with around one end of gasket set symmetrical or uniform vibrations.Make not Steel telescopic pipes become rusty always in dynamic, reduces rest inertia potential energy, is conducive to the compression of stainless steel telescopic pipes.
Described manually to directly drive, structure is by one handwheel of manual rotation, passes through speed reducer linkage front-drive, band Dynamic plane watering structure is walked forward, and the heat engine driving is exactly that miniature heat engine replaces solar cell and accumulator, the ripple Line pipe, which has, to be bent and does not roll over extremely, and the photovoltaic panel of the solar cell can also adjust the angle, exactly solar cell Photovoltaic panel is fixed on an annular support, can circle rotation.The controllable speed regulating motor is to drive in top in top or below Small rolling wheel is moved, is being driving front-wheel below.
The solar cell accumulator drives front-wheel, has a speed-regulated DC motor on front-wheel wheel shaft, solar cell exists The top of front-wheel can directly drive speed-regulated DC motor operating, drive plane watering structure walking, because being direct current generator, nothing Mutation device need to be equipped with, because being speed regulating motor, naturally it is also possible to which manual control is automatically controlled and is remotely controlled.
The folding, two kinds of method for folding are the same shown in attached drawing 6,7, and simply the width of shunting assembly is different, point It flows assembly both sides rotary joint vertical connection or tilts connection, the Fen Shui vertex for shunting assembly is arc-shaped or trapezoidal or triangle Shape is square, and the centre bore including square hole four-way is circular hole, and square hole, prismatic is oval, and method for folding is same.The folding Azido functional is nuclear structure of the present invention, and effect of irrigating the fields is good again, if if not foldable, just can not move and store.The mistake of folding Journey, practical operation continue than language state it is also much easier, fold and fold method and water sprayer of the present invention it is main with It closes and builds a part with core, the design and manufacture of the assembly or pipe fitting of pipe fitting and pipe fitting and the assembly of pipeline, also for This folding.
The specifically used method of intelligent folding casting machine of the present invention is；Water source is extracted out from water pump, and field is sent to by soft water band In be connected with the stainless steel telescopic pipes of this equipment or one end of bellows, water enters plane by telescopic pipes or bellows The water inlet of watering device by taps K1, enters the two of the total transverse tube L of sprinkling using shunting assembly and shunting aqueduct The middle part of side, uniform downward in transverse tube L, forward and backward parabola direction sprinkling similar with front and rear, using two water delivery short tubes H, into small transverse tube L3, rearward again, and lower section, supplement sprinkling.Plane sprinkles water structure in people's control, remote control, automatic or people The lower slowly walking (about per minute walk one meter or so) forward of work driving, compression stainless steel is stretched while watering structure is walked forward Pipe or Curved Corrugated pipe, until most in short-term, stainless steel telescopic pipes elongate again or bellows stretches again, again and Soft Flexible water pipe is connected, and completes a sprinkling cycle, and in use, user can match somebody with somebody one and stainless steel telescopic pipes or bending wave The equally long hose of line pipe is connected when stainless steel telescopic pipes elongate or bellows is stretched with K2, is substituted as interim.Walking Speed be also subject to the intelligent control of pressure of supply water, hydraulic pressure is higher, and walking is faster, hydraulic pressure more low row walk it is slower, in use, root It is hidden according to the width in plot, the width degree for spraying total transverse tube can be adjusted within the specific limits or multirow pours.
1. a kind of technical solution of intelligent folding casting machine includes：Plane watering structure, stainless steel telescopic pipes or bellows, too Positive energy battery or accumulator and traveling control system, it is characterized in that：The plane watering water inlet of structure and stainless steel telescoping tube One end of road or bellows is connected, and the other end of stainless steel telescoping tube or bellows is connected with water source or Flexible water pipe, the sun Can battery or accumulator be placed on the preceding top of plane watering structure, the front-wheel of driving plane watering structure drives plane watering structure Walk or drive forward small rolling wheel winding thin cord traction plane watering structure to walk forward, the speed walked forward is by people Industry control system automatically controls, and can also be remotely controlled, and in the absence of a power supply, is driven by manual drive or heat engine, can also rolled over when not used It is folded, convenient for moving and storing.
2. intelligent folding casting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：The plane watering structure, is by diameter The stainless steel tube not waited is cut into different length, with the combination of various pipe fittings and the assembly of pipe fitting, in other words pipe fitting and pipeline The planar structure that body connects into, including：S-shaped bend pipe, water pressure sensor, micro-tube pump, filter, controllable hydraulic pressure Table tilts shunting aqueduct, vertically shunts aqueduct, and festoon connector sprays transverse tube, sprays horizontal casing, shunts assembly, Long tube threeway, square hole four-way, water delivery short tube spray small transverse tube, solar cell or accumulator, speed governing controllable motor, small rolling wheel And its thin cord；Its mounting structure is：S-shaped bend pipe is mounted on the front of water inlet switch, and water inlet switch is mounted on water inlet, water Pressure sensor, micro-tube pump, filter are mounted on secondary behind water inlet switch, and it is total that controllable water pressure gauge is mounted on shunting Into shunting apex；Assembly is shunted, two rotary joints of ragged edge tilt shunting water-supply-pipe with two of ragged edge respectively Road is connected, and two of both sides tilt shunting aqueducts, is nested together by the stainless steel tube of two sections or three sections of diameters not etc., And equipped with festoon connector, the anchor tip shunting aqueduct vertical with middle of shunting assembly middle is connected, separately Outer two rotary joint not water flowings, when folding, are spare；The sprinkling transverse tube of the inside two and the horizontal casing of sprinkling of outside two are respectively by two A square hole four-way, links together, and in alignment, transversely arranged composition sprinkling is connected with the pipe section of long tube threeway Total transverse tube；Two small transverse tubes of sprinkling are separately mounted to the back of two square hole four-ways, and and the total transverse tube of sprinkling it is parallel, and respectively by Two water delivery short tubes communicate therewith；Transverse tube is sprayed, sprays horizontal casing (including inner and outer tubes), the pipe section of long tube threeway, And the small transverse tube of sprinkling below, similar parabola direction respectively forwardly, backward, downwards, forwards, backwards are drilled with multiple rows of aperture；It is flat Installation includes a front-wheel and two trailing wheels there are three portable traveling suitcase with wheels below face watering structure, is directed downward, triangular in shape point Cloth, front-wheel are mounted in the center hole of shunting assembly, and two trailing wheels are separately mounted in the center square hole of two square hole four-ways, Three light traveling wheels can adjust respective height respectively, and front-wheel is also equipped with adjustment level device, and walking is oriented to The distance between device, anti-skid device, orients before and after trailing wheel walking over the ground, and two trailing wheels can also adjust；In plane watering structure Side installation is also respectively installed at there are two post is supported in the center square hole of two square hole four-ways, and direction is upward, and with Plane watering structure vertical, and it is each provided with two oblique pull ropes；Solar cell or accumulator are mounted on plane watering knot The preceding top of structure, controllable variable-speed motor are mounted on the preceding top or following of plane watering structure, drive rouleau wheel in top, twine It walks forward around seizing wire or the front-wheel of plane watering structure is being driven to walk forward below, in the situation of no power supply Under, by the front-wheel of manual drive plane watering structure plane watering structure is driven to walk forward；
Two sprinkling transverse tubes of described the inside can also be designed to spray horizontal casing；The plane watering structure is pumped in micro-tube Front open an aperture, moreover it is possible to installation addition liquid or soluble chemical fertilizer plant；The sprinkling transverse tube can be adjusted within the specific limits The width of whole sprinkling transverse tube hides；Several water blockoff clamp devices are further equipped on the sprinkling transverse tube and the horizontal casing of sprinkling；The row Walk wheel；When plane watering structure is wider, one traveling wheel can also be installed again as four rows in the central spot of long tube threeway Walk wheel；Spraying small transverse tube can not also use；
The assembly of pipeline and pipe fitting includes the assembly of the pipe fitting and pipe fitting in other words：Shunt assembly, square hole four-way, long tube Threeway and rotary joint and provisioned silk pressing lid；
The shunting assembly, structure are：Shunt the trapezoidal state in shunting vertex of assembly or arc-shaped state, central cross water There is a circular hole to penetrate both sides at pipeline monitor, circular hole surrounding does not influence water delivery, has a transverse tube below, has four in transverse tube same direction One end of a rotary joint, and can be used cooperatively with the other end of rotary joint, two rotary joints of both sides ragged edge tilt Connection or vertical connection, at grade, can rotate, and can position, and two rotary joints of the inside are to scoop out connector, expansion Not water flowing during watering, it is spare to scoop out pipe fitting after folding, and there are one anchor tip, the both sides for shunting assembly respectively have respectively for middle One horizontal prop head of support, when expansion watering, do not have to, after folding can rest tube head it is spare, shunt the shunting vertex of assembly, either Angular shape or square shape；
The square hole four-way, structure are：Traditional positive four-way, there are one the both sides that square hole penetrates four-way, square holes at center Surrounding does not influence water delivery, but square hole does not also leak water delivery, and four ends of four-way are separately installed with one end of a rotary joint, And can be used cooperatively with the other end of rotary joint, the rotation angle of the rotary joint at four ends at grade, can rotate, again Can positioning, the centre bore of the square hole four-way also prismatic it is oval or circular；
The long tube threeway, structure are：One traditional positive threeway, corresponding both ends respectively connect one section long shape pipeline, elongated Pipeline both ends are respectively respectively there are one one end of rotary joint, and can be used cooperatively with the other end of rotary joint, the rotation at both ends The rotation angle of connector at grade, can rotate, and can position, and intermediate there are one anchor tip, anchor tips pair Face can install a support post over the ground, over the ground support post and elongated pipeline right angle setting there are one circular hole outside circular hole, and Can on, can under, can fix；
The rotary joint, structure are：Pipe fitting divides two parts to form, in bending or through state, the split of pipe fitting both ends Combination, is cross-linked, and there is disc with one voice in junction, and disc has convex-concave positioning step with one voice, and disc overlaps two convex-concaves with one voice, two Point connection structure respectively has perforation, is installed with bolt in perforation, pipe fitting both ends are connected together, pipe fitting two parts are using bolt as axis The heart, the positioning of convex-concave step at grade, can staggeredly rotate, and disc overlapping position has shop bolt and gasket seal with one voice, pipe Part body separately manufacturing, but must be used cooperatively, the positioning of convex-concave step refers to that Plane of rotation positions, and pin positioning refers to rotation angle Positioning, rotary joint are shunting assembly, square hole four-way, the combiner of long tube threeway, can be also used alone, the pipe fitting mouth Structure is：(1) male thread, (2) light bucket, (3) positioning groove, (4) positioning compression wire hole, (5) interior screw thread, (6) can also use hot pressing Method connects.
3. intelligent folding casting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that：The stainless steel telescopic pipes include：Inner tube, Outer tube, gasket set and microseismic activity device, structure are：Several increasing diameters or the stainless steel tube for arrangement of successively decreasing, are sleeved on Together, one end of each steel pipe is equipped with gasket set, and another end pipe tail is inside contracted or included outside, and outer and inner tube is enable to draw Go out or retraction, but it is water-tight, it does not fall off；Microseismic activity device is equipped with one end of gasket set, the microseismic activity Device is exactly being mounted on inside the annular interior cavity of a sealing symmetrically and evenly by several miniature shock devices, water-tight, is had The device of annular interior cavity is sleeved on one end for being equipped with gasket set of stainless steel telescopic pipes, is drawing stainless steel telescopic pipes Going out or during retraction, the microseismic activity of surrounding symmetrically and evenly makes sealing ring one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes be in dynamic always, with Reduce rest inertia potential energy.
4. intelligent folding casting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：Mode that there are two types of the running gears, the One kind is solar cell or accumulator drives controllable speed regulating motor, and controllable speed regulating motor drives small rolling wheel, and small rolling wheel winding is thin One end of rope, the other end of thin cord are fixed on several rice in front of plane watering structure, and motor drives small rolling wheel winding Thin cord pulls traction plane watering structure to walk forward；Another kind is that solar cell or accumulator drive controllable speed governing electricity Machine directly drives the front-wheel of plane watering structure, and plane watering structure is driven to walk forward, and front-wheel must have walking to be oriented to work( Can, antiskid function over the ground, the solar cell or accumulator are placed on the preceding top of plane watering structure, the light of solar cell Lying prostrate plate can be with rotation angle with the direction of the sun, and manual drive is linked by speed reducer, and driving front-wheel drives plane watering Structure is walked forward, and heat engine driving is exactly that miniature heat engine replaces solar cell or accumulator, and traveling control system includes artificial Control, automatically controls or remote sensing controls.
5. intelligent folding casting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：The folding, process and method are： (1) fastening screw and beam connector of (not laying down) each position rotary joint are first loosened, the support over the ground in long tube threeway is stood Column drop-down is contacted and fixed with ground；(2) be each turned off long tube threeway both sides with sprinkling transverse tube or the horizontal casing connection of sprinkling Rotary joint；(3) first the sprinkling transverse tube on both sides is rotated using the other end as axle center to shunting water pipe direction is tilted respectively, if spray Rotated when spilling horizontal casing after retraction, it is close with tilting shunting aqueduct, then the inclination on both sides shunt aqueduct retraction to It is intermediate in rotary moving, the rotary joint of one end of sprinkling transverse tube or the horizontal casing of sprinkling is made to overlap company with shunting the connector that scoops out of assembly It connects；(4) the horizontal casing whole retraction rotation of two sprinklings of ragged edge and the inclination to both sides are shunted aqueduct and drawn close, rotation Empty one end is put into the horizontal prop head of support on shunting assembly both sides；(5) the small transverse tube of two sprinklings and water delivery short tube are laid down, then length Two rotary joints of pipe threeway are connected thereto；(6) support post over the ground is packed up after folding, easily rocks, makes overall distribution equal It is even, each rotary joint fastening gong silk and beam connector are tightened, the small transverse tube of sprinkling and water delivery short tube are put into suitable position, folded complete Terminate in portion；While folding process, according to the concrete condition of operation, loosen or lay down two oblique pull ropes；The operation of folding Process can change one after another, and still, the connection at each position is immutable that the first section is fixed by shunting assembly after folding In one, rear rim portion is fixed on one by long tube threeway, and closing to one piece becomes a plane entirety, best both sides point during folding Secondary progress；The shunting vertex for shunting assembly is trapezoidal arc-shaped or square or triangle, and the rotation for shunting the both sides of assembly connects Head is that vertical connection either tilts connection, and the centre bore of square hole four-way is square or circular or prismatic or ellipse, is use up The priority of pipe folding process is different, and the connection mode at each position is identical after folding.
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|CN108112455A true CN108112455A (en)||2018-06-05|
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|CN201721676557.2U Expired - Fee Related CN207948434U (en)||2016-11-29||2017-11-23||Intelligent folding casting machine|
|CN201711271815.3A Pending CN108112455A (en)||2016-11-29||2017-11-23||Intelligent folding casting machine|
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|CN201721676557.2U Expired - Fee Related CN207948434U (en)||2016-11-29||2017-11-23||Intelligent folding casting machine|
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|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN110268954B (en) *||2019-08-02||2021-06-22||朱兰英||Lawn watering device based on sunshine irradiation area self-interacting water spray direction|
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