CN108110361B - Waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device and method - Google Patents

Waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108110361B
CN108110361B CN201711379477.5A CN201711379477A CN108110361B CN 108110361 B CN108110361 B CN 108110361B CN 201711379477 A CN201711379477 A CN 201711379477A CN 108110361 B CN108110361 B CN 108110361B
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electric discharge
discharge
liquid
pond
waste
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CN108110361A (en
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丁兆梅
姚林朋
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Shanghai Fast Choice Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Fast Choice Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/54Reclaiming serviceable parts of waste accumulators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/44Methods for charging or discharging
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device and method, described device includes that row device for hoisting, discharge cell, electric discharge pond, liquid storage tank, electric discharge liquid transfer unit, residual discharge liquid removing component and pond of drying in the shade, sealing cover connect to form discharge cell with electric discharge cage.The method is based on described device, waste and old lithium ion battery coating is put into the electric discharge cage of discharge cell, mechanical gripper on row device for hoisting grabs sealing cover, discharge cell is put into electric discharge pond by mechanical gripper, electric discharge liquid is injected in electric discharge pond by liquid storage tank, through overdischarge, extract electric discharge liquid out electric discharge pond again, battery pack surface residual drop is blown off, discharge cell is moved into pond of drying in the shade, discharge cell is moved into battery pack after drying in the shade and launches area's progress battery pack discharging.The present invention has easy to operate, safe and efficient, high degree of automation, the outstanding features such as environmentally protective.

Description

Waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the device and method discharged on a large scale waste and old power lithium-ion battery, belong to environmental protection neck Electron wastes processing in domain.
Background technique
China has become global maximum new-energy automobile market, reaches 500,000 within 2016.With electric car key Component battery gradually expires, and power battery learies are also increasing.Expect the year two thousand thirty, Vehicular dynamic battery report Useless amount will reach 101Gwh, scrap about 1,160,000 tons of power battery amount.
Studies have shown that the cycle period of lithium ion is 500 times or so, and during repeated charge, lithium ion battery Electrode expansion easily block active material, cause to inactivate.However the power lithium-ion battery scrapped is different from other electronic wastes Object, the still remaining variable amount of electricity of power lithium-ion battery after scrapping are such as mechanical if directly carrying out the recovery processing of next step The energy such as broken may generate spark and be existed under sharp impacts and set off an explosion, threaten the risks such as safety.
Currently at home and abroad there is no the cases that high-volume is recycled waste and old lithium ion battery packet.To waste and old lithium-ion electric It is most of to use NaCl solution charging method during a small amount of recovery processing in pond.Such as Chinese invention patent application number CN201010510406.6 proposes a kind of process that new process is crushed for waste and old lithium ion battery Wet-type high-efficient, wherein The process of the remaining electricity of release is to carry out waste and old lithium ion battery to be processed with 5%NaCl solution to impregnate 2h processing, passes through salt water logging Bubble makes remaining electric Spontaneous release.NaCl solution is electrolysed by the electric discharge system, and series reaction occurs, and reaction equation is as follows:
By above-mentioned reaction equation it can be seen that NaCl electric discharge system will generate bulk gas, discharge process also causes The solution that discharges is in stronger alkalinity.Serious corrosion is caused to waste and old lithium ion battery, leaks electrolyte, a large amount of alkane can be generated The organic gas such as hydrocarbon, alkene and dimethyl carbonate and flocculation sedimentation.This method is opening system, the meeting in industrial practice The health of safety and operator to working environment causes grave danger.
Chinese invention patent CN201510293356.3 is provided and a kind of waste and old lithium ion battery is placed in mixed solution Electrochemical discharge method, mixed solution NaSO4,K2SO4,NaNO3And KNO3It is any Deng one or more kinds of saturated salt solutions Ratio and Na2CO3,K2CO3, the mixture of one or more of NaOH and KOH arbitrary proportion, modulation pH value to 10- 12;The electric discharge solution of this method is in strong basicity, is easily corroded to the shell of lithium ion battery, the electrolyte leakage of inside battery Out, the generation of polluting property organic gas can also jeopardize the health of staff in industrial practice;Together When the discharge process total duration be 70h or so, discharge process is very long, and discharging efficiency is very low, is unfavorable for industrial application.
Summary of the invention
For the defects in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge dresses It sets and charging method, realizes and discharge treatment, easy to operate, peace are controlled to the Full-automatic remote of waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet Overall height effect, high degree of automation, realize the recycling to waste and old power lithium-ion battery, regeneration and recycling treatment.
Technical solution of the invention is as follows:
According to the first aspect of the invention, a kind of waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device is provided, comprising: row lifting It sets, discharge cell, electric discharge pond, liquid storage tank, discharge liquid transfer unit, residual discharge liquid removing component and pond of drying in the shade;Wherein:
The row device for hoisting, for the discharge cell to be put into designated position;
The discharge cell is made of electric discharge cage and the sealing cover above the electric discharge cage, in the electric discharge cage For placing waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet to be discharged;
The lower section of the row device for hoisting is arranged in the electric discharge pond, for placing the discharge cell, on the electric discharge pond Side is provided with several slots, and the discharge cell enters the electric discharge pond from the slot;
The electric discharge liquid transfer unit connects the electric discharge pond, the liquid storage tank, storage electric discharge liquid in the liquid storage tank, The electric discharge liquid transfer unit is used to the electric discharge liquid is pumped into the electric discharge pond by the liquid storage tank or by the electric discharge Liquid is withdrawn into the liquid storage tank by the electric discharge pond;
The residual discharge liquid removing component, for by from it is described electric discharge pond electric discharge liquid in come out after waste and old power lithium The electric discharge liquid removal of ion battery packet surface residual;
The pond of drying in the shade is dried in the shade for the discharge cell after discharging.
Preferably, moveable mechanical gripper is set on the row device for hoisting, and the mechanical gripper is single for grabbing electric discharge Member simultaneously drives discharge cell mobile.
It connect it is highly preferred that being realized below the sealing cover by magnetic key operated lock mode with electric discharge cage to constitute discharge cell, And/or the mechanical gripper is connected in a manner of magnetic key operated lock above the sealing cover.
Preferably, the outer of the sealing cover is greater than the slot size on the electric discharge pond, and the outer of the electric discharge cage is small In the slot size, when the discharge cell is placed into the electric discharge pond, institute of the sealing cover in the electric discharge pond It states above slot, the electric discharge cage connecting with the sealing cover passes through the slot and enters the electric discharge pond.
Preferably, the residual discharge liquid removing component uses blower, and the electric discharge pond passes through first pipe and the wind Machine connection, for blowing off waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet surface residual electric discharge liquid drop;The electric discharge liquid transfer unit difference Pass through second pipe, the connection electric discharge of third pipeline pond, liquid storage tank.
Preferably, the electric discharge liquid transfer unit uses magnetic drive pump.
Preferably, described device further comprises sensor, the sensor be used to detect discharge the flow velocity of liquid, liquid level, Pressure, temperature, one or more parameters in pH value, for judging the electric discharge liquid between the electric discharge pond, the liquid storage tank It is pumped into, the state in extraction.
According to the second aspect of the invention, a kind of waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge side based on above-mentioned apparatus is provided Method, which comprises
(1) waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet to be discharged is put into electric discharge cage, the mechanical gripper on row device for hoisting is with magnetic force Lock mode connects sealing cover and sealing cover is placed in above electric discharge cage, after sealing cover is fixed with electric discharge cage by magnetic key operated lock mode It is connected to become discharge cell, discharge cell is placed in the slot on electric discharge pond by mechanical gripper, and electric discharge cage enters electric discharge pond;
(2) discharge cell enter electric discharge pond after, electric discharge liquid transfer unit will discharge liquid by liquid storage tank be pumped into electric discharge pond, it is quiet Put electricity;After electric discharge, electric discharge liquid transfer unit will discharge liquid by discharge pond be pumped into liquid storage tank;
(3) residual discharge liquid removing component starts after electric discharge, closes residual discharge liquid removing component, starting later Mechanical gripper connects the sealing cover of mechanical gripper and discharge cell, and discharge cell is lifted out electric discharge pond and is placed in and is dried in the shade Pond;The sealing cover of mechanical gripper and discharge cell disengages, and mechanical gripper is moved to sealing cover storage area;
(4) after discharge cell dries in the shade in pond of drying in the shade, discharge cell is moved to battery pack and launches area by starting mechanical gripper, is released The sealing cover of releasing is moved to sealing cover storage area, waste and old power lithium to be discharged by the connection of sealing cover and electric discharge cage, mechanical gripper Ion battery packet discharging.
Preferably, there is one or more of feature:
During electric discharge liquid is pumped by liquid storage tank and discharges pond by the liquid transfer unit that discharges, pass through the stream for the liquid that discharges The addition state of speed and liquid level judgement electric discharge liquid;
In standing discharge process, by being put to the electric discharge pressure of liquid, temperature, pH value, level condition monitoring and evaluation Electric process;
Discharge liquid transfer unit will discharge liquid by discharge pond be pumped into liquid storage tank during, pass through electric discharge liquid liquid Position checks the extraction state of judgement electric discharge liquid.
Preferably, the electric discharge liquid is ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, one of sodium sulphate or a variety of mixtures.
Compared with prior art, the present invention have it is following the utility model has the advantages that
1) present invention realizes the movement of discharge cell by row device for hoisting, while by the coordination between other parts, real Existing waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge has the characteristics that high degree of automation, efficient, free of contamination, reduces environmental pollution, It is the efficient and environmentally friendly electric discharge device and charging method for the waste and old lithium ion battery design for largely having remaining capacity.
2) magnetic key operated lock connection type further, is used between the preferred manipulator of the present invention, sealing cover, the cage that discharges, thus So that the crawl and movement of discharge cell are convenient, waste and old power lithium-ion battery high-efficiency and continuous electric discharge may be implemented;
3) it further, discharges in the present invention and is communicated between pond, liquid storage tank, the liquid transfer unit that discharges, electric discharge liquid is by putting Electro-hydraulic transfer unit can circulate between electric discharge pond, liquid storage tank, can reuse, save the cost, and easy to control, will not be light Easily leakage, is good for the environment;
4) further, the present invention is fast and safely eliminated in waste and old lithium ion battery using neutral chemical electric discharge system Remaining electricity, applied widely, discharging efficiency is high, and treating capacity is high, is easy to industrial application.
Detailed description of the invention
Upon reading the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings, other feature of the invention, Objects and advantages will become more apparent upon:
Fig. 1 is the apparatus structure schematic diagram of one embodiment of the present invention,
Fig. 2 is that the discharge cell of one embodiment of the present invention enters electric discharge pond process schematic;
Fig. 3 is the electric discharge liquid of one embodiment of the present invention to battery pack discharge process schematic diagram;
In figure: 1 is row device for hoisting, and 2 be mechanical gripper, and 3 be sealing cover, and 4 launch area for electric discharge cage, 5 for battery pack, and 6 are It discharges pond, 7 be Fan pipeline, and 8 be magnetic drive pump pipeline, and 9 be magnetic drive pump, and 10 be blower, and 11 be electric discharge liquid, and 12 be liquid storage tank, 13 It is sealing cover storage area for pond of drying in the shade, 14,15 be slot.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to concrete operations example, the present invention will be described in detail.Following case study on implementation will be helpful to this field Technical staff further understand the present invention, but in any form limitation the present invention.It should be pointed out that this field For those of ordinary skill, under the premise of not departing from inventive concept, various modifications and improvements can be made.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of structural schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device, Middle residual discharge liquid removing component uses blower, and electric discharge liquid transfer unit uses magnetic drive pump.Specifically, described device is by with lower part Divide and constitute: row device for hoisting 1, discharge cell, electric discharge pond 6, magnetic drive pump 9, blower 10, liquid storage tank 12, pond 13 of drying in the shade, in which:
The row device for hoisting 1, for grabbing the discharge cell and reaching designated position with the discharge cell;
The discharge cell is made of, the electric discharge cage electric discharge cage 4 and the sealing cover 3 above the electric discharge cage It is interior to be used to place waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet to be discharged;
The electric discharge pond 6, is arranged in the lower section of the row device for hoisting 1, for placing the discharge cell, the electric discharge pond 6 tops are provided with several slots 15, and the discharge cell enters the electric discharge pond 6 from the slot 15;
The magnetic drive pump 9 connects the electric discharge pond 6, the liquid storage tank 12, and storage electric discharge liquid, described in the liquid storage tank 12 Magnetic drive pump 9 is used to the electric discharge liquid being pumped into the electric discharge pond 6 or by the electric discharge liquid by described by the liquid storage tank 12 Electric discharge pond 6 is withdrawn into the liquid storage tank 12;
The blower 10, for by from it is described electric discharge pond 6 electric discharge liquid in come out after waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet Surface residual drop is blown off;
The pond 13 of drying in the shade is dried in the shade for the discharge cell after discharging.
As shown in Figure 1, moveable mechanical gripper 2 is provided on the row device for hoisting 1 as preferred embodiment, Mechanical gripper 2 is for grabbing discharge cell and driving discharge cell mobile.
The discharge cell, electric discharge pond 6, magnetic drive pump 9, blower 10, liquid storage tank 12, pond 13 of drying in the shade are arranged at the row In 1 range of device for hoisting, facilitates discharge cell, waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet pick-and-place using mechanical gripper 2 and be moved to finger Positioning is set, and realizes automatic operation.
As preferred embodiment, 3 lower section of sealing cover is connect with electric discharge cage 4 by magnetic key operated lock mode, sealing cover 3 Top is connect in a manner of magnetic key operated lock with mechanical gripper 2.Connected by this kind of mode, it may be convenient to realize mechanical gripper 2 with it is close It covers the connection between 3, sealing cover 3 and electric discharge cage 4 and separates, put down electric discharge after facilitating mechanical gripper 2 to complete crawl, movement The operation of unit separates between control sealing cover 3 and electric discharge cage 4 after completing waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge, convenient The processing respectively and movement of two components.Certainly, it can also be connected in other embodiments using other modes, as long as being able to achieve The purpose of the present invention.
As preferred embodiment, the setting of electric discharge pond 6 is expert at below device for hoisting 1, and electric discharge pond 6 passes through with blower 10 Fan pipeline connects blower 7;Electric discharge pond 6 is connect with magnetic drive pump 9 by magnetic drive pump pipeline 8, and several slots are arranged in the top in electric discharge pond 6 Hole 15;Liquid storage tank 12 is connect with magnetic drive pump 9 by magnetic drive pump pipeline 8, and the lower section in pond 13 of drying in the shade is arranged in.
As preferred embodiment, the 3 outer tooth lip of sealing cover is greater than 15 size of slot, 4 main body of electric discharge cage Outside dimensions is less than 15 size of slot.
As preferred embodiment, valve is provided on the Fan pipeline 7.
As preferred embodiment, the magnetic drive pump pipeline in connection electric discharge pond 6 and magnetic drive pump 9, liquid storage tank 12 and magnetic drive pump 9 Valve is respectively arranged on 8, for controlling electric discharge liquid conveying.
For above-mentioned apparatus in use, waste and old lithium ion battery coating is put into electric discharge cage 4, mechanical gripper 2 grabs sealing cover 3, sealing cover 3 connect to form discharge cell with electric discharge cage 4 by magnetic key operated lock mode, and discharge cell is put by mechanical gripper 2 to discharge In pond 6, magnetic drive pump 8 will discharge liquid 11 by the injection electric discharge of liquid storage tank 12 pond 6, by electric discharge in 8 hours, magnetic drive pump 8 will discharge Battery pack surface residual drop to be processed is blown off in the extraction electric discharge of liquid 11 pond 6, the starting of blower 10, and mechanical gripper 2 is by discharge cell Move to pond 13 of drying in the shade;After 12 hours dry in the shade, discharge cell is moved to battery pack by mechanical gripper 2 to be launched area 5 and carries out battery Packet discharging.
In other embodiments of the invention, the waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge carried out using above-mentioned apparatus is provided Method, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, the method includes following detailed processes:
As shown in Fig. 2, battery pack to be discharged is put into 4 after electric discharge cage, sealing cover 3 is placed on electric discharge cage 4 by mechanical gripper 2 Side, sealing cover 3 and electric discharge cage 4 are connected to become discharge cell after magnetic key operated lock mode is fixed;Mechanical gripper 2 puts discharge cell It is placed in slot 15, electric discharge 4 main body of cage enters electric discharge pond 6, and the discharge cell that sealing cover 3 and electric discharge cage 4 form is due to material Gravity is pushed automatically and is sealed.
As shown in figure 3, the magnetic drive pump 9 is separately connected liquid storage tank 12 and electric discharge pond 6 by magnetic drive pump pipeline 8, electric discharge is single Behind first pond 6 into electric discharge, the valve on magnetic drive pump pipeline 8 is opened, magnetic drive pump 9 is by electric discharge liquid 11 by the suction electric discharge of liquid storage tank 12 pond 6, pass through the addition state of flow velocity and liquid level judgement electric discharge liquid 11;The valve and standing closed on magnetic drive pump pipeline 8 are put for 8 hours Electricity is monitored in discharge process, when pressure value, temperature value, level value exist by pressure, temperature, the liquid level to electric discharge liquid 11 When within early warning value, equipment runs well;When exceeding early warning value, equipment alarm is triggered.Simultaneously to electric discharge liquid 11 pH value into Row monitoring, when pH value is within 6-8, equipment runs well;When beyond the range, equipment alarm is triggered.After electric discharge, beat The valve on magnetic drive pump pipeline 8 is opened, magnetic drive pump 9 will discharge liquid 11 by electric discharge pond 6 suction liquid storage tank 12, and judge by liquid level inspection The liquid 11 that discharges extracts state out.
The blower 10 starts after electric discharge, opens the valve on Fan pipeline 7, and blower 10 closes after running 1 hour It closes, starts mechanical gripper 2, after mechanical gripper 2 is connect with discharge cell by magnetic key operated lock, discharge cell is lifted out electric discharge pond 6 And it is placed in pond 13 of drying in the shade, mechanical gripper 2 and discharge cell disengage, and are moved to sealing cover storage area 14, then connect by magnetic key operated lock Individual sealing cover 3 is connect, sealing cover 3 is placed in 15 top of slot.
After the discharge cell is placed 12 hours in pond 13 of drying in the shade, starts mechanical gripper 2, discharge cell is moved into battery pack Area 5, the magnetic connection of depressurization lid 3 and electric discharge cage 4 are launched, sealing cover 3 is moved to sealing cover storage area 14 by mechanical gripper 2, Waste and old lithium ion battery packet discharging.
The waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device of the present invention and charging method have high degree of automation, efficient, nothing The characteristics of pollution;Waste and old power lithium-ion battery high-efficiency and continuous electric discharge may be implemented;Quickly pacified using neutral chemical electric discharge system The complete remaining electricity eliminated in waste and old lithium ion battery, applied widely, discharging efficiency is high, and treating capacity is high, is easy to industrial application.
Further, the above-mentioned each preferred feature of the present invention is only the enforceable feature in part, is not pair In limitation of the invention, the present invention can also be that this is for ability different from other features of above-mentioned each preferred feature For field technique personnel, it is easily done on the basis of present invention description.
In above-described embodiment attached drawing, identical appended drawing reference represents identical components or acts on same components, and The similar term such as "upper", "lower" used in description, "front", "rear", "left", "right" only refers to for figure, purpose It is to easily describe the present invention.
All attached drawings of above-described embodiment, which are intended merely to facilitate, illustrates technology contents of the invention;Constitute optimal implementation The technical characteristics such as the size of correlation and components between the position of number, components used by mode, components The restriction to technical solution itself is not constituted, and should extend to the entire field that the technical field is covered.
Specific embodiments of the present invention are described above.It is to be appreciated that the invention is not limited to above-mentioned Particular implementation, those skilled in the art can make various deformations or amendments within the scope of the claims, this not shadow Ring substantive content of the invention.

Claims (13)

1. a kind of waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device characterized by comprising row device for hoisting, discharge cell, electric discharge Pond, liquid storage tank, electric discharge liquid transfer unit, residual discharge liquid removing component and pond of drying in the shade;Wherein:
The row device for hoisting, for the discharge cell to be put into designated position;
The discharge cell is made of electric discharge cage and the sealing cover above the electric discharge cage, is used in the electric discharge cage Place waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet to be discharged;
The lower section of the row device for hoisting is arranged in the electric discharge pond, for placing the discharge cell, sets above the electric discharge pond Several slots are equipped with, the discharge cell enters the electric discharge pond from the slot;
The electric discharge liquid transfer unit connects the electric discharge pond, the liquid storage tank, and storage electric discharge liquid, described in the liquid storage tank Electric discharge liquid transfer unit be used for by the electric discharge liquid by the liquid storage tank be pumped into the electric discharge pond or by the electric discharge liquid by The electric discharge pond is withdrawn into the liquid storage tank;
The residual discharge liquid removing component, for by from it is described electric discharge pond electric discharge liquid in come out after waste and old lithium ion power The electric discharge liquid removal of battery pack surface residual;
The pond of drying in the shade is dried in the shade for the discharge cell after discharging.
2. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the row device for hoisting The upper moveable mechanical gripper of setting, the mechanical gripper is for grabbing discharge cell and driving discharge cell mobile.
3. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that under the sealing cover It is realized by magnetic key operated lock mode and is connect with electric discharge cage to constitute discharge cell in side.
4. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that on the sealing cover Side connects the mechanical gripper in a manner of magnetic key operated lock.
5. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sealing cover Outer is greater than the slot size on the electric discharge pond, and the outer of the electric discharge cage is less than the slot size, by the electric discharge When unit is placed into the electric discharge pond, the sealing cover is connect above the slot in the electric discharge pond with the sealing cover The electric discharge cage pass through the slot enter the electric discharge pond.
6. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the residual discharge Liquid removing component use blower, the electric discharge pond pass through first pipe connect with the blower, for blow off waste and old power lithium from Sub- battery pack surface residual electric discharge liquid drop.
7. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the electric discharge liquid is defeated Component is sent to pass through second pipe, the connection electric discharge of third pipeline pond, liquid storage tank respectively.
8. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that first pipe Road, second pipe are respectively arranged with valve on third pipeline.
9. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the electric discharge liquid is defeated Send component using magnetic drive pump.
10. -9 described in any item waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge devices according to claim 1, which is characterized in that institute Stating device further comprises sensor, the sensor be used to detect discharge the flow velocity of liquid, liquid level, pressure, temperature, one in pH value Kind or many kinds of parameters, for judging the electric discharge liquid in the state in being pumped into, extracting out between pond, the liquid storage tank of discharging.
11. a kind of waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet charging method using any one of the claim 1-10 electric discharge device, It is characterized in that, which comprises
(1) waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet to be discharged is put into electric discharge cage, the mechanical gripper on row device for hoisting is with magnetic key operated lock side Sealing cover is simultaneously placed in above electric discharge cage by formula connection sealing cover, and sealing cover connects after being fixed with electric discharge cage by magnetic key operated lock mode As discharge cell, discharge cell is placed in the slot on electric discharge pond by mechanical gripper, and electric discharge cage enters electric discharge pond;
(2) after discharge cell enters electric discharge pond, the electric discharge liquid transfer unit liquid that will discharge by liquid storage tank is pumped into electric discharge pond, and standing puts Electricity;After electric discharge, electric discharge liquid transfer unit will discharge liquid by discharge pond be pumped into liquid storage tank;
(3) residual discharge liquid removing component starts after electric discharge, closes residual discharge liquid removing component later, and starting is mechanical Handgrip connects the sealing cover of mechanical gripper and discharge cell, and discharge cell is lifted out electric discharge pond and is placed in pond of drying in the shade;Machine The sealing cover of tool handgrip and discharge cell disengages, and mechanical gripper is moved to sealing cover storage area;
(4) after discharge cell dries in the shade in pond of drying in the shade, discharge cell is moved to battery pack and launches area, depressurization by starting mechanical gripper The sealing cover of releasing is moved to sealing cover storage area, waste and old lithium ion power to be discharged by the connection of lid and electric discharge cage, mechanical gripper Battery pack discharging.
12. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet charging method according to claim 11, which is characterized in that have with next Kind or various features:
Discharge liquid transfer unit by discharge liquid by liquid storage tank be pumped into electric discharge pond during, by discharge liquid flow velocity with The addition state of liquid level judgement electric discharge liquid;
In standing discharge process, pass through the electric discharge of pressure, temperature, pH value, level condition monitoring and evaluation to electric discharge liquid Journey;
Discharge liquid transfer unit will discharge liquid by discharge pond be pumped into liquid storage tank during, pass through electric discharge liquid liquid level inspection Look into the extraction state of judgement electric discharge liquid.
13. waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet charging method according to claim 11, which is characterized in that the electric discharge liquid For one of ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, sodium sulphate or a variety of mixtures.
CN201711379477.5A 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Waste and old power lithium-ion battery packet electric discharge device and method Active CN108110361B (en)

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CN109103527B (en) * 2018-08-23 2020-06-12 清华四川能源互联网研究院 Waste power battery discharging device and method
CN109004308B (en) * 2018-08-27 2020-06-12 惠州亿纬锂能股份有限公司 Waste lithium ion battery discharging method
CN109713391A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-05-03 株洲鼎端装备股份有限公司 Used Li ion cell discharge system suitable for industrial applications

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